The Evening Post from New York, New York on September 6, 1839 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Friday, September 6, 1839
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'OST j ' I'KMliKR 6. I . er Tradk. The following para, .pears in (he Star of last evening : M We ni ver knew business in this city more dull than it was in the months of July and August, nor at the same time have we ever seen a more brick revival than in the commencement of the present Month. September opened auspiciously. In every direction we hove evidence f an exceccingty brisk la I business. Uoods ot all kinds ana in great vane ly, are plentiful. The city is filled and continues to Im tilling with strangers, and merchants sre deter mined to sell on small profits and I beral credits. The presmrc tor money continues in a measure, but tlis scarcity is more lelt by the large operators than mose doing a small and snug business." There are somo things accurately stated in this I passage. It is perfectly tiue that goods of all kinds re plentiful. This abandance has existed for months past, and is increasing every day ; the importation of the summer has been so prodigious, that it almost seined as ifihe workshops of Europe were emiiloy rd for America alone. Whole fleets of vessels laden w ith European products are continually arriving at this port. It ii not at all surprising that where so msny goods come in and so few ore sent out they bould be plentiful. It is true also that the " large operators" feel the violent pressure and the seam y of money moro those who are " tl ing a small and snug business." Mark it when you will, ho who does a snug business always frels tho embarrass incuts of tiie limes more severely than he who does not. All this is as true as any other seli - cvident propo sition, but thetpictureof the revival of business is over chsrged. Our commerce with the interior is cramped by the embarrassments of the times. Traders are ar riving Irom the country, and purchases are made to a considerable extent, but the crazy state of the money market, occasioned by the manoeuvres of the United States Bank, harrassca the merchant with constant impediments. A brisk and profitable trade in the midst of a severe pressure cannot exist Had it not been for this artificial press uru the activity of trade at, this moment might have been unparalleled. " '1 STSr, in one pint of the passage we I aoted, lets us into the real state of things. " Small r profits and long credits1' are a melancholy motto for the merchant. The true maxim of trade is small profits and short credits. Rapid sales, a moderate (advance of price, and quick returns, to bo again in' vested in purchases, bespeak an active and flourish' ing state or trade. Small profits and long credits re the resort of il. - ration, and imply a losing business, an inactive commerce and slow and tin certain returns. Vermont Election. In Bennington County, Robinson and lloyt, the Democratic candidates for the Stato Senate arc elected over Uhain and D ming, wings. The following are the votes lor Gov ernor in four towns of Bennington County, all of which elected Democratic representative. Kmims. Bennington, 'A ailiallkhiiiy, ti't fnwuall, )it majority, Wondlord, GO ilo Jknnisok. 33 Hi RMS Ji 3 - 2 47 Total, 7C3 r.'t 153 The Reverend Thomas Warner, recently and for sjome years past, chaplain in the Military Institution t West Point, has a plan of establishing a school at Fans, whither he is going to reside. His plan will include instruction in all the departments of knowl edge, from the simplest elements of grammar and arithmetic, &c., to the highest investigations of sci ance and philosophy. For these, Puns lurnishes the most ample and ready facilities, of which it is Mr. Warner's intention fully to avail himself. Mr. War - tier is well known as a gentleman of talents and learning and of high excellence in bis personal char cter. We recommend this desirable opportunity to young graduates of the colleges who desire to vail themselves of the advantages of a foreign resr dence In order to complete their education. IliRrs r's School Libsart. On referring to the Advertisement of the Brothers Ilajpers, in this paper, it will be seen that a second scries of their School Library is in preparation. Of manv of the volumes which form the first series we have already had oc asion to speak. They include Paulding's Life ot Washington, Miss Sedgwick's Live and Let X.ive and Poor Rich Man and Rich Poor Mtyj ,ne gw - ,M Family Kobinson, Mudie's Ubcration of N,,Ur, Combe's Principles oLf JiysTology, American His! by the emhg - of pop,,!,. Lessons, and other jks. Tho whole series, consisting of is furnished, together with a neat book nty dollars. The new series, which is id in October, contains all the volumes ican Biography, edited by Sparks, a :tion, Franklin's Life and Works, the t arch's Lives, andtather works, of the i it would be superfluous to speak, be - vorks prepared expressly for the ac . Melodies or America. A collection 1 national airs, with this title, has been oy Davis and Horn, No. 411 Broadway, insist ot six different melodies one of whith ..dwell known " Long time ago" ; another is the wild and singular carol of the sweeps in this city; nether is the air of "Nstchei under the Hill." The irs have been arranged, and symphoniss adapted to them, by the vocalist and composer Charles E - llorn. They havo also been divorced from the blackguard words to which they are usually sung, and furnished with new words by General Morris. The undertaking of Mr. Horn U a laudable one ; the melodies he has reduced to musical notation have much beauty and sweetness, and we hope he will find encouragement to proceed, at ho intimates he xnay do in case the publication is well received. Tms RLiiori Soni:. - u, ISW, n in press - : ; mthlm i. - .I :iv Scofield Voorhis f this . - it - t app - :;i.'o( h0 .ipfr.ntendcnce of - Sitfourey, whos - j msie nd talents need no atnconium. "h'i engravm - wnb wh ch it ;s embel lished arc eight in nuuiUr, an i ii engraved on steeL "We have sctm most of ihem. The vignette on the title page, representing a traveller with a stall, at the top of which is a cross, ascending with vigorous steps steep path among precipices, is prettily imagined jtnd well executed. There is also a most beautiful landscape, designed by Huntington, a young and vsry promising painter of this city, and engraved by Smdlie. The scene is a sheet of water, with a cot tage on its banks, a cow drinking from the edge, a lock of geese passing over it, trees of various foliage landing on its banks and rerlot ted in its glsssy sur face, and distant hills rising in the back eround. Tbe agreeable choice of groups of objects and the blended freshness and repose of the whole, give it a peculiar charm. Among the engravings is a portrait of the late excellent Stephen Van Rensellear, com monly called tho patroon of Albany. Michioan. The whig convention held at Mar hall on the 23th of August nominated William "Woodbndge of Detroit, for Governor, and J. W. Gordon ol Marshall for Lieutenant Governor. A meeting has been held at St. Louis, for the pur ose of brinjin the Governor of Missouri to a prompt action in rejsrd to tho disputed boundary line between that state and the territory of Iowa, A notice ol the fair of the Mechanic Institute is unavoidably excluded from this day's sheet. It shall appear toruorrow Ftvia lis Acopsta, Aug. 31st. "Thennmberof Tew cases do not increase much, and all the Physicians agree in saying that it is much milder in its form than it was in the commencement, it is still con - ned to the infected district and the number of deaths reported to - day is three, our report is made from yesterday to it to - oay. i presume one tnousand Wd to color t. I thinik w have seen the worst of the disease nd no pains or expense is spared to correct anv nuisances that exist. Since the 1st of the month the number ol deaths from all diseases had been 51. Thirtv - one have be 'n cases of fever. The reports which are published in your Charleston naiiera are verv much exanirerated and written by persons who, no doubt, are highly excited and a - - Jtni i. A complete suspension of business has taken ulace. ImtllP one seems to have an idea to converse V... o,.ftup'i I eMm'"'wn of the case of the schooner Ainistad irom the pen of a legal friend. We have receive! cral other communications on the subject, which I se wc have been obliged to exclude, partly tor want t room and partly because the article we were abont to publish covered the whole ground of the question - For tiu Evening Pest. THE AMISTAD. The cased the Africans carried into New Lon don is one which, aside from its legal interest, is of a nature to excite the sympathies of the public to a high degree, and it may not be amiss to consider how lar these unprotected foreigners are amenable to our laws, and what is Ike course which thould be puisued towards them. The case is now in the hands of the court, but it eannot be considered improper to discuss the mat'er while yet pending, even were it probable that these remarks would meet the judicial eye. They are submitted with the respectful d. f.rcnce of an Ami - ens Curiae, and will be received no doubt, if receiv ed at all by the court, with precisely the attention they deserve. The case of Cingu z is one which excites symra thy, and excites it justly. He has taken life, and it may be committed murder in the eve of the law but under what circumstances? Within a lew weeks prior to the aet ho was free had he done this same deed upon the captain of the slaver who brought him from his native shore, he would have been justified by the whole world, he would have killed one branded by civilized nations as a pirate and outlaw, he would but have anticipated the sen tence of the law. He is carried into Havana in defiance of the !ocal law, sold and transferred to another vessel i'hat transfer creates the crime, if crime it be ; but to the Alrican's untutored mind what difference can there be between the robber who deprived him of his liberty and the jailor who restrains him of it ? But these considerations are addressed perhaps too much, to our feelings of humanity and sympathy. Let us look then at the law of the case with a calm and dispassionate eye, Can the ownersof these slaves, Montcsand Ruiz, claim them as their property 7 If so, they must to obtain the action of cur Courts file a libel in the Admiralty Court of the United States, or iheir Con cut must do this for them, as was done in the case of the Anllope, 10 Wheat. C6. ; decided in IS25, and in which restitution of certain slaves cap tured out of Spanish and Portuguese slavers by a piratical vessel was ordered. But the whole basis of that decision was that the slave trade was at that timclegalized by the laws of Spain and Portugal. Chief Justice Marshall delivei ing the opinion of the Court, cites with approbation tho opinion of Sir Wm. Grant, in the case of the A medic, an Ame ican vetsel, I Acton's Rep. 240, " A claimant can have no light on principles of uni versal law to claim restitution in a Prize Court of human beings carried as his slaves. He must show some right that lias been violated by the capture, same proprety of which he has been dispossessed and to which he ought to be restored. In this cafe the law of the Claimant's Courts allow of no ri"litof property such as he claims." The Chief Justice goes on to say, The princi pic is that the legality of the capture of a vessel engaged in the slave trade depends on the law of the country to which the vessel belongs. If that law givests sanction to the trade, restitution will be de creed, if that law prohibits it the vessel will be con demned as good prize." In the case of the Antelope, the slaves were de livered up, because, as says the Chief J ustice, "the Consul of Spain and Portugal demanded them as slaves who have in the regular course of legitimate commerce been acquired as property by the subjects of their respective sovereigns." But the case, as to Spain, is now wholly changed. That country has declared the traffic unlawful, it was so assumed by Judge Story, in United States, rs. Giberl 2 Sumner, 57 and it is a well known lait, thai a joint English and Spanish commission is sitting at Havana, to enforce the suppression of the traffic. Whenever the pretended oy.iors of these slaves, then, come into our ccu.fto enforce a claim of pro - property to the'aves, they will be met by the above s;Und and sa lutary rule. They must make Gut a title under the Spanish law. The slaves wers illegally brought into Havana, and the captor could convey no title. Could then the transfer in that place make any difference. The title to stolen property in this covntry, no mittcr how often it changes hands no matter how often it passes into the possession of a bona fide purchaser is never divested. There is no market overt here to legalize the transfer, and until is is proved that the Spanish laws admit the legality of a ealo which would go far to render nugatory any ef forts to suppress the traffic until then, Messrs. Ruis and Montes will look in vain for a decree of restitution. So much for the claim of ownership. Now let us examine the claim of criminal jurisdiction. If the above view ot the case is correct if these slaves wore illegally introduced into the Havanas and illegally sold there if the purchasers Ruis and Men - tez had no better title than the slave dealer who brought them from Africa then there would teem to be an end of th j question of guilt as well as of property. In this case the Africans were not slaves, but free persons illegally restrained of their liberty ; and, I apprehend, it does not require much law to prove that it is not murder for a freeman to kill his kidnapper. But this supposition, the most desirable one foi these poor creatures, may not be correct : it may be that the transfer of the slaves in Cuba will legalize their bondage. This may appear singular, but it is undoubtedly so. Our own st itute should make us speak w ith caution on this subject. The law of 1307, severe as it is in its enactments against the introduction ot slaves, does net declare such slaves when introduced free anomaly as Jit is. The 5th section surrenders them to the State jurisdiction to be disposed of as the legislature shall direct, and if the state should order them to be sold that sale would be valid. It may bo shocking, it may be tuonstrou, but it is law. Tbe case of tbe Josela Segunda, 10 Wheat 322, and 5th do. 333 fully establishes this point. Tbe state of Lou isiana passed a law directing ncgioes imported in contravention of the Slave Trade Act to be sold for life, the proceeds to be distributed in a particulor mode. Certain negroes were illegally introduced ; the Court denied restitution to tbe claimants, but held that they had jurisdiction to distribute tho fund according to the State act. If Cingues, consequently, had been imported into Louisiana, contrary to the Slave Trade Act, and sold under the State law, he would have been legally a slave. Let us then take the worst case, and auppore these Africans legally slaves under the Spanish law, Have they committed any crime cognizable in our Courts ? 11 convicted at all. it must be under one of the two following laws. The act of 30ili April, 1790, 8, provides thus If any person commit upon the high seas or in any river, haven, basin or bay, out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, murder, or robbery, or any other offence, which if committed within the body of a county would, by the law of the United States, be punishablo with death, or if any captain or mariner of a vessel shall piratically and fclom ously runaway with such vessel or any goods or merchandise to the value of fifty dollars, or yield up such vessel voluntarily to a pirate, or if any seaman shall lay hands upon his commander thereby to bin der and prevent his righting in defence of his ahip or goods committed to his trust, or shall make re volt in tbe ship, every such offender shall be deem 12 I cJ to be and adjudged to be a piiate and felon, and being thereof convicted shall sufler death; and the tritelof crimes committed on the high seas or in any I place out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, shall be in the district where the offender is appre hended, or into which he may be brought." Mas Cinguez or any of bis comrades committed murder or robbery within this act? Several cases have been decided under tins statute of an extremely interesting character and which will seive to eluci In the following article cor readers have a full date the point In the case of the United ?'Me vs. 1 Palmer, (3 Wheat 6M) the opinion of the Court 1 cargo was as tullowa "The Court is of opinion that the I exception of the aiaves who may be on board as ob crime oi robbery committed by a person on the high I jects of commerce: and the said vessel, as welt as on board nf any ship or vessel belonging exclu - I her lively lv subjects of a foreign state, is not a piracy within the true intent and meaning of this act, ami U not punishable in the Courts of the United State." Now this decision would appear to cover Cingtv z's case exactly. The Captain was kilied on the high a as, on board of a vessel belonging exclusively to the subjects of Spain. Il is not punishable therefore in ihe Courts of the United States. But this is nol the only decided case on this poin In the United Slates vs. Khniock. 5 Wheat. 144, The prisoner was cruising under a privateering com' mission, but with strong indications ot piratical in' tentions. Me look a Dinish vessel and marooned her crew. In this case the court held tne act was applicable. We are satisfied," says the Chiel Jus tice, Marshall, that general piracy, or murder, or rjbbety committed in the places described in the S:h section, by persons on board of a vessel not at the time belonging to the subjects of asy foreign power, hut in possession of a ere w acting in defiance of all law and acknowledging obedience to no govern mcnt whatever, is within the true meaning of the Ac, and is punishable in the courts of the United States. Persons of this e'escription are proper ob yets for the penal code of all nations, and wc think tliat the general words of the act of Congress "any person," &e. though they ought not to be so construed as to extend to persons under the acknowledged authority of a foreign state, ought to be so construed as to comprehend those who acknowledge the au thority of no state." The certificate which condenses and gives the precise extent of the opinion is, "that the act of 30th of April, 1790, does extend to all persons on board vessels which throw off their national character by cruizing piratically and committing piracy on other nations.'' In the United Slates vs. Holmes, 5 Wheat. 416. The certificate is "that the Court has jurisdiction un der the statute if tho vessel, on board of which it was committed, bad at the time ot the commission thereof, no real national character, but was possess ed and held by pirates, or by persons not lawfully sailing under the flag or entitled to the protection of any government whatsoever." Now, though these two cases slightly differ in their phraseology, I think the fair import ol both is that they intended to extend the jurisdiction of the United States under this act to the case of pirates and nothing more Now, have Cinguez and bis comrades committed any act of piracy subsequent to the killing of the captain. la the United States vs. Smith, 5 Wheat. 153 the Supreme Court, per Story J., has defined this crime. Robbery or Forcible Depredatloryipon the sea, animo furandi, is piracy. The true definition ol piraey, by the law of nations, is robbery upon the sea." And again ' In the United States vs. Pirates, 5 Wheat,, 198, the Court says "Murder and piracy are things so essentml'y different in their nature that not even the omnipotence of legislative power can identify them." The act of 15th May, 1920, 3, pursues the same idea. It declares " If any person shall, upon the high seas, or in any open roadstead, or in any haven, basin or bay, oi in any liver where the sea ebbs or flows, commit the crime of robbery in or upon any vessel or upon any of the ships company of his vessel, or the cargo thereof, such person shall be adjudged to be a pirate, and being thereof convicted before a Circuit Court of the United States for the district into which he shall be brought, or in which he shall be found, shall suffer death." Now all the evidence before the District Judge as reported is, that subsequent to the taking possession of the vessel the Africans sedulously avoided even contact with other vessels, and bad but one idea, that of reaching the coast of Africa. If theie was robbeiy then, it was in taking possession of the vessel, but surely this cannot be held robbery. To constitute robbery liknj. etliet crime there must lie tne animus, the intention. These poor creatures had no wish for the property all they desired was their liberty. But even if this was a robbery, then it was identi cal in point of time with the murder ; it was committed on board a vessel owned by Spaniards, and consequently under the decisions cited above is net punishable in our courts. In the case of Kessler, (1 Baldwin Rep. 29,) this point has been expressly decided by Judge Hop kinson. There the defendant was indicted for a robbery and piracy on the high seas on board ol a French brig called the L'Eclair, which consisted, according to the charge, in robbing the captain and piratically running away with the vessel. Here the Court say expressly that the act of 1820 is to be construed as the act of 1790 that our Courts have no jurisdiction of the crime ot murder or rob' bery committed on board a foreign vessel. The result of the matter seems to be briefly this : The slave trade is declared illegal by the laws of Spain, and the introduction of these Africans into the Havana was in violation of the Spanish law, Whether the sale to Ruiz or Montez was valid depends upon the Spanish law, and certainly th probability and the legal presumption is. that the sale was invalid, and that it conveys no title. If Ihe sale wai invalid under the Spanish law, the Africans were not slaves, the Captain, Ruiz and Montez were all kidnappers, and Cingues and his comrades were justified in liberating themselves, and in using the force necessary to effect this end. If the sale was valid by the Spanish law, and such as to give a 11116,81111 our Courts have no jurisdiction, because the offence was committed on board a for eign vessel, and the prisoners must be discharged. Then comes the last, and which will perhaps prove the only prcatical question in Ihe case. Shall they be delivered up on the demand of the Spanish Gov. ernment, if she claims them as criminals under her law ? It seems but too probable that Messrs. Ruis and Montez, conscious of the invalidity of their claim in the Civil courts bave drawn this criminal prosecution to give time to their Government to make a demand. This raises a far more difficult question. I have not in these remarks taken any notice of the act of 3J March, 1819, dec'aring piracy, as defin ed by the laws of nations, punishable with death, be cause that statute expired by its own limitation, and thcugh the act of 15th May, 1820, continued it, it was only as to acts previously committed. Would to heaven that the Federal Government could in this matter assume the attitude which they took in the i - iw nf the Antelope. "In this case." savs Chief l.wtie Marshall. " the United States annear in Ihe " " ri character ol gua'dians or next friends of the Afri esn - , who are brought without any act of their own into the borom of our country, insist on the right to freedom and submit the it claim to the laws ot the land and to the tribunals of the nation. VETO. Since writing the above, I have found what I had previously looked for in vain the Treaty between Great Britain and Spain for the suppression of the slave trade, and the orders made in conformity therewith. They are contained in llerlslet s Com mercial Treatiss, for the examination of a copy of which I am indebted to the politeness of the British Consul. A Treaty was signed at Madrid 23d September 1817, by the respective ministers of Great Britain and Spain, for the abolition of the slave trade. The 1st Article declares that the trade shall abolished throughout Hie enure tiominions oi spain on the SOth day ol May, 1320 ; and the 2o, that the trade shou'd not be carried on after the ratification I oCthe treaty on any part oi the coast of Alrica to the north ot the Equator. Tho 12lh Article organizes two Mixed Commis I 8jon8 formed of an equal number ot individuals ol the two nations, to bring to adjudication the vessels charged with being engaged in an illicit traffic o slaves. The 7th Article of tbe Regulation for Ihe mixed Commission appended to the Treotv declares, In case of the condemnation for an uu'awful voyage, she shall be dtclaied lawtul prize, as. weli u ber of whatever description it may be, with tbe cargo, shall be sold by public sale for the protit of the two Governments, and as to the elaves they shall receive from the mixed Commission a trtifi cote of emancipation., and shall be delivered over to the Government on whose Territory the Commission which shall have so judged them shall be established, to be employed as servants or free laborers. Each of the two Governments binds itself to guarantee the liberty of such portion of these individuals as shall be respectively consigned tj it." HertEiet, vol. 2. On the 19th December, 1S17, the King of Spain issued a Cedula or decree in conformity to the treaty prohibiting all resort lor the purchase of slaves to the coast of Africa north of the equator from that date, and to the soulh of the equator from the 30lh of May, edge. 1820. Hertslet, vol. 3, p. 376. On the 15th April, 1S28, the Captain General o1 Cuba made public an order of the King of Spain which after reciting the serious inconveniences result ing from the continuance in the Island of the many new ly imported negroes who ore declared to be and are free by virtue of the treaty of 1S17, declares that a! the negroes emancipated by order of the provisions contained in the 7th article of the regu lations above cited, shall be removed from the Island of Cuba, and be transported to some oneol his Majesty's European dominions, giving them whether - soever they are carried, the 6amo employment as was to be given to them in the said Island of Cuba according to the appropriations of the above mentioned article. Hertslct p. 4 15. This is conclusive of the matter unless there has been some subscqueut act of the Spanish Govern ment legalizing the sale of slaves illegally imported. It is unnecessary to say that it is highly improbable that such act exists. It is not too much therefore to assume that Cinguez is a free man, that he is enti tied to a certificate ot emancipation, and that his lib erty is guaranteed to him by the Spanish Govern ment. The following has been sent us for publication. The African Captives. To the committee on behalf of the African priso ners at New Haven. Gentlemen Having been deputed to visit the company of Alrican captives now in confinement at New Haven, I hasten to lay before you a lew par ticulars respecting their situation. I found them occupying four or five apartments of the county jail and under the care of the United States Marshal N. Wilcox, Esq., and his assietant, Mr. Pendleton They seem to be made as comfortable as is con sistent with their situation, excepting that they need opportunities for exercise in the open air. This, I hope, will be secured as soon as the Marshal returns from New London, where he has gone to take an inventory of the slaver and its contents. A faithful and accomplished physician, Charle3 Hooker, M. D., of New Haven, is devoting to thrm all the professional attention they need. Five or six of them are in the Hospital apartment, and some of the rest are slightly affected with bowel complain' s - They have all been decently clothed in cotton shirt and trou sers by the care of the marshal, and will have flannel provided as soon as the physician shall direct. Care is also taken as to their food. They were not as destitute of clothing when taken nea our shores as hss been represented in the papers but had clothing, probably found on board the vessel which they did not wear in consequence of the in tolerable heat while confined in the hold of the sla ver. Great curiosity is frit to see these victims of the slave - trade, the first that have been known in Con nccticut for a great many years. Multitudes visit the prison, the keeper charging each one a shilling, the avails of which, after a just compensation for Ins trouble, he proposes to expend for the benefit of the prisoners or for some other charitable object. Ob jections have been made to this course, but I lound some of the most intelligent and humane of tho citi zens satisfied that the sympathy produced by it is rather lavorable than otherwise to the p. - haaatt, and also useful in tuieipg .Wed spirits, etc. Joseph Cinguez, the leader, is in a cell with other prisoners ; his countenance bears a resemblance to the prints that are hawked about the streets ; he is less cheerful than many of the others. They all appear to be persons of quick minds and a mild and cheerful temper ; there are no contentions among them ; even the four chil dren, three girls and a boy, who are in a room by themselves, seem to be uniformly kind and friendly. I took along with me an old African man, who said he could speak the Congo language, in hopes thereby of obtaining the means of communication with them, as the newspapers said they spoke the Congo; but they all say they are not Congoes. Many of them say Manding, whence it is supposed they are Mandi - goes, though it is not unlikely there are persons of several tribes among them. Unremitted tffirts will be made to obtain the means of communicaticn with these unfortunate persons, who have been committed to prison and bound over to be tried for their lives without an opportunity to say a word for themselves, and without a word communicated to them explanatory of their situation. They are detained by the Mar shal on two processes : one, the commitment for trial on a charge of murder, the other the claim up on them as properly by the Spaniards, who pretend to be their owners, and by the American captors who have libelled thsm for ealvage. It is believed there are a number of Africans in I this city of various tribes, some of which will be able to communicate with them. Yours, Respectfully, JOSHUA LEAVITT. 143 Nassau street, Friday Evening, Sept. 6. J P. S. It is expected that some of these native Africans will goto New Haven this evening, with a member of the committee. For the Etening Post. Letter of the Emperor of China, to Dr. Tho mas Sewell, on the merits of Phrenology. Since the second edition of Dr. Sewell's work, 111 CI Wwln. " Errors of Phrenology Exposed," was nnWi.hpH the following letter has been received. It came too .ms Iaa late to be printed along with the letters from Mr. John Quincy Adams, Dr. Ruel Keith, and other dis tinguished men, prefixed to the volume itself. The Evening Post is, therefore, requested to give it a place in its columns. It is proper to observe that in the Chinese language, the word " Barbarian," which occurs frequently in the letter, has a signification very much resembling the word "foreigner" in Eng lish. All who are not subjects of the Celestial Em pire are " Barbarians" in the court language of Chi na ; and the term is not intended to be onensively applied We. Whkg - Ho - Chiso. Brother to the Sun and Mnnn. Cousin of the Stars. Grand - father to the Co - 1 . o T...I r . 1. . . 1 . 1 mets and meteors, ouprcme , e e.estiai Empire, and only Fountain of Universal Truth, to Jh?Wnnd Barb.rian Thomas Sewell. M. D. Pro - w.w . - - . - fessor Of Anstomy and PhyS O ogy m the City VVaslunclon, uieinct oi omnium, tit iau unuca States of America, greeung: Thou hast done well, oh learned Barbarian, to lay at our feet thy production entitled " An Examination of Phrenology, in two Lectures;" for we are the fountain ot all science, l nou asscst our judgment on thy grand proposition "the brain is a unit." We condescend to lniorm tnec mat we nave never inquired into the dark mysteries of the human skull, but in virtue of our high relationship to the Sun and Moon, it belongs to us to know all things without study ; and also, in matters recondite and strange, tojudpeiniauioie luagmeni even wunout s.nowieage. Learn then, that in the Celestial Empire, men distinguished for their stupendous wisdom have no brains at alL it is onl v in tne aesoiaie ouig&iris oi tne uni verse, in regions far removed from the dazzling glories ol tne ueiestiai xungaom, mat Drams are known to exist ; and there they darken the sublime and immaterial spirit. We, and our treasurers and sub - treasurers; our postmasters and collectors : our be surpassing wisdom ; our wives and concubines, and i lii liuu umi'cd. uuiit aim Duuirin iiicxi mandarins and judges, district and suprem", men of the ten thousand millions of subjects who live on the breath of our Celestial nostrils, are all brainless. Hence the greatness and glory ot the Uelesttai wn - Dire. Know, men, tnat tne great sun oi science jon - fucius, bdore wnom an oaroanan sages arc ignorant as unborn babes, nam written "a ncn a neaa to a wise man. a b:c head to a fool : small heads shall be exalted, because they are light; large heads shall be abased, because tney are heavy and lull ot Drains. In the Empire winch encircles the Universe, and is endless as time, we cnt off all heads that are large because they are troublesome. Hence our tveriabH inir neace. But oh. most leirned Barbarian, we cnide tne pre - snmution of thv friends. Know that it belongs to us alone, in virtue of our high prerogative, to judge infullihle iiidmment without knowledge. J o barba rians mis is not voucn&aieei, yet a tximm i"'"i who, ia tby pajes, indicates uia exisumce py uie hw roglyphie marks. J. Q. Adams,' speak eth as one ' possessing wisaom, ooncernine the uses or the brain : ..i i .i i t ... . . uc - veriueieea inis oaroanan eaim 1 nave never oeen able to prevail on myself to think of it. as a serious speculation." We, the Great Wang - Ho - Chang, rebuke the barbaiiac Adams. It belongs to ua alone to judge infallible judgement without knowledge. We rebuke, also, the Barbarian, whose marks are " John McLean," who useth these words : " I am. in a great measure, unacquainted with the anatomy "of the parts involved in the question : but I have " alwaya supposed that there waa a tenancy in com - " mon in the brain." Make known to this Barbarian that he insults our Celestial Msjesly by his presumption, and surely in his brain wisdom has no tenancy. ii ueiongem u ine orotner oi me sun ana moon alone, to judge neatcous liidirment without knowl edge. Thou etylest this Barbarian "Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States." Trulv hath the heaven - eyed Confucius written ''Darkness en - veiopem tne Barbarian. How otherwise could a Barbarian J uilue oretend to iudse without knowl We rebuke also those who are known amon - Bar barians by the hieroglyphic marks John Sargeant," ii l. - nncaney, s. unapin," "Justin Kdwarda," "Moses Stewart," and "Reuel Keith." Touching tne brain they have all usurped the Celestial prerogative, which belongs to us alone, they have pretended to judge infallable judgment without knowledge, Verily Barbarian brains obscure wisdom and engen der presumption. v e commend the Barbarian whose marka are "Daniel Webster." He judgeth cautious judgment, as bo - hoveth all Barbarians. He saiih, ''Of the value of the physical and anatomical facts which you state, I am no competent judge; but t"your premises be well founded, the argument is'conclusive." Our great in terpreter of the Barbarian tongues, Hungi - Fuski - Chang, read to us, lately, forth of a Barbarian book, enese words a second Itanttl come to judgment. We condescend to greet this "second DaineL" His wisdom is worthy of a mandarin of the celestial Em - pire: "If the brain be good for nothing; then good for nothing is the brain ! ! " Has not this Barbarian read the pases of the sublime Confucius? from the deep fountains of his inspired volumes could such discreet wisdom penetrate the mind of a Barbarian obscured by a brain. v e instruct our Interpreter Hungi - Fuski - Chang, to render this our epistle into thv Barbarian 6ieech. lest our celestial wisdom, radiating with too intense a brightness, should extinguish thy feeble and Barbarian mind, clouded by that " unit" styled by thee a brain. Given at our Palace of the Moon, in the vear of the Celestial Empire, the Seven hundred and fifty fourth tuousano ; and ot our reign the 3lftth year. signed, wuAiu - uu - i;iiinu. Seal of . the ( FIGCBS. ' A large man, with a small head, silting on a white cloud, the sun beneath his right arm, the mcon beneath his left, a tiara of comets around his head, and a Signed, Fum, Chancellor firmament of stars beneath his feet. His countenance is radiant with self - complacency. good nature and tool - lishnesa. Celestial Empire. A correct translation, Signed, HUNGI - FUSKI - CHANG, Interpreter of Barbarian tongues. Colonization in Haiti. A letter from Puerto de Plata, ot the 17th ult. mentions the arrival of the brig America, from St. John's, East Florida, with 101 free colored emigrants. Their lively demon strations of joy, on reaching that land of liberty and plenty, says the letter, "were overwhelming to the feelings ot humanity. It wis an affecting sight to sco so many youns, likely, and decent looking peo ple cordialy welcomed with every manifestation of pleasure tiom the joyous commun ty amo3st whom they came to reside. Provisions ot the country are very abundant. A horse load of plantains costs thirty - seven and a hall cents. I find many valua ble mechanics among the emigrants, and propose building a coasting vessel immediately to remedy lie inconvenience ot warn ot transportation. Park Theatre. Miss May wood takes her benefit th evening, and oilers a very attractive bill of entertainments. The beautiful Comedy of "The Belle's Stratagem," with tho beneficiary in the partof Letitia Ilatdy, and Mr. Murdoch from the Philadelphia theatre, in that of Doricourt, being hid only appearance, is to be represented, followed by the new and successful drama of "The Artist's Wife," in wtiic Mr. Ranger performs for the last time. tCt The Great Fail of the Mechanics 1 nstitnte at Castls Garden, is now open for the reception of visitors. e5 iotf HARPERS SCHOOL DISTRICT LIBRARY, k.mukauiim; iiisiuk, vmyauks aku tr""i IHOGRAPIIY, NATl'KAL HISTORY, 1'fS i ll YSICAl. SCIENCES, AGRICULTURE. MAf,r ACTI REH. ARTS, COMMERCE. HKI.LEri I - '2TAiiJ,TIIE HISTORY AND PIlHSit! .'!' Wi.lHiCATION, c. I Such districts as lava not received inonev enouzh to purchase a complete set of the Library, can be accommo dated with any numb er of volumes they may wish out ol the series, ata proportionate price. Extract frm 1 1 the Hon. JohnC. Spencer's Circular lo trustees of Sc hool Districts, Commissioners of Common Sc Loots, Ac. "The first series nf the District Lihrarv issued bv the Messrs Hnrer of New York, is tho best selection that has yet appeared ; it consists of filly volumes, and is sold for twenty i.ollan?, including a neat case with a good lock, de - uvere.l at lorry uve ciinereutj places in tne stite. urn same entt rjirining publishers are preparing a second and third series, to consist of hooks selected by competent persons, and approved by the Superintendent of Common Schools. Extract from the Circular of General John A. Dix. Secre tary of State and tiipcriiiteadeut f Common Schools, to the uistnciui new oik, ijoo: 'TIhs series consists ol hooks, unlicioiisly selected, and embracing a variety of subjects ol the general description heteiotiire designated by the Biiiierintenilent, and coiuaui - iii" matter suited to persons of almost aliases." extract irom a letter irom ms excellency uovernor siar - cy. : . . . . . . ... " i ne selection is. in my opinion, very iuuicious anu its introduction into school districts cannot but he vcrr use - lul to the treat cause of popular education. I feel a very lively interest for the successol that cause, and regard your publications essential to it." (j j i ne aiiove uuiory euioraces hut volumes ui uw fill and interestinz matter, well printed arid stronzly bound the price of which (including, a neat book case, lock and Key,) is twenty (Miliars witnont tne rase, nineteen j ne 8econdseriesof the Library, consis'irignf booksselected by a committee, under the direction of the Superintendent of Common Schools, will be on sale by the first of October, l!isy. s;oiiiv tlS We have read a very interesting letter from a cler - trriiian in New Trovidence, irom which, by permission of Mr. Williams, we make the following exu act : Sunday Morning Atlis, 1st ept, 1SW i our uicdicme is evidently doing more lor my brcther s eyes, than any prescriptions which have been given bint since tin - occurrence of the accident which deprived him of sight, liis recovery is slowly progressing nut at this we are not surprised, as ins case was by a 1 physicians considered desperate." s6 luhVAcis rrj CONSIGNEES per Ilr. barque Dibden, from Liver pool, will please attend to their goes Is now landing on the wnari loot ol Hoscveit street, as tne snip is citsrn:trgtug dt general order. 1IERDMAN Si KEENAN, si ot soutn st. m - LINCOLN'S FASHIONABLE TAI LORING ESTABLISHMENT, No. 104 Itroadway, 2d floor - Mr. L. bens leave to assure the f.tahionable community generally that they might profit by an inspection of his goods and style before they engage elsewhere, ss he is consiamlv receiving t resit supplies ol ine most la - sinonaoiean - t excellent manufacture, and which, owing to his peculiar facilities. he is enablt d and guarantees to Inrnish, made up in the best manner, at fitly per cent, below the ordinary cost. Several iiopes is a sufficient test of his mechanical merit, jySl PIANO FORTES FOR SALE. fT An assortment of Piano Fortes of superior I - ., , ' I11', witngrana action, ano u tneiate improve - I workmanship) warranted to .stand any climate and meni, iiiucnut eo iiutte tu ium.u, wuc, nimcimiD BUu I .aL manjnnl u.,.. - - . n t aA In . I . r, H .nv .lim.l. nnrt keen in tune equal to any yet made. Old Piano Fortes taken in Exchange, do Repaired and Tuned in tne best manner oy THOMAS. GIBSON, jel9 61 Barclay street. ROBERT A. ADAMS, Attorney at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, No. 20 Nassau street. jy3 2m No. 6, 3d Floor, New York. JOHN CON HOY'S FISHING TACKLE STORE, 62 FULTON STREET, (corner of Cliff,) New York, SEW YORK PIANO FORTE MANUFACTURING COMPANY'S WARE ROOM, T. W. t L w'?' b'T M'e. on h?"'la"' . rf '" ,i from iheir Muiniirat'iorv a laree buuuit w suiicriur unanu of ACTION PIANO FORTES, warranted lo stand in any cli - niate. W II. CHRISTOPHER - I je Agent for Company. GEORGE JARDISE, ORGAN, No. 4o9 Bhoadwav, cobnbr op Gbakd Stubbt, j023 New - York. PREMIUM REFRIGERATORS, OF ALL SIZES, made to order, and for sale wholesale and retail, mr: at 30Q Ttrnwlw v. GEORGE PIATT'S TRANSPARENT ASH A BLE WINDOW BUND MANUFACTORY, No. 18 Spruce street, Sew York. MATCHLESS ECONOMY. The most brilliant and economical Light in existence, at the least cost to flie jiioiucea oy WEBB'S IMPROVED PATENT BURNERS. Por le at 42S Broadway ; 102 Bowery, and by F. Harvey, ua - w - . . . - . 1 junction c - f liudsonanj vans s ree.s. w Palemee. JOHN W ATKINS, Manufacturer of Gold and Silver Watch Dials, au!6 tf 175 Broadway; DRliG3 AND MEDICINES. DYE STUFFS, PAINTS, OILS, PERFl'MEH Y, c. Ac. HOADLEY, PHELPS at CO. Imparters and Wtmlesale Dealers, Hi Water street, (five doors below Maiden lane,) New - York. aul GEORGE SAUNDERS, i iZOR TABLET AND STROP MANUFACTORY 163 rttQAOWAT CON FECTION ER Y, Manufactured expressly lor the Southern and Westers Markets, by THOMAS F. PEER3, 148 William street, three doors above Fulton street! N. B, No charts, for Boxes. WM. W. BimttEr, Auctioneer. 1 Fl'RS AT Al'CTIOH. CO - At 9 o'clock on 8tunlav. Hie 7th ilav of Pntmhr inst., at 75 Mc Pons! afreet, the following Invoice of Furs, Viz : SOB Otler fJalMI. 9S Nutria fan. tftt Cmim Cmnm .n.l 2 Muffs, with the boxes containing them. Terms cub, to ue ui pooa as soiu. sno 11 MEDICAL. SOCIETY OP THE CITY AXD COrSTV OP SEW - YORK. CCJr - A Slated Meeting of this Society will he held si the Crand Jnr. Room, in Outre H reel, on MONDAY, ibe 9th instant, at Lalfpast 4 o'clock, P. M. Loouon e6 2t V ATKINS, M. D. Recording Secretary. HATS - FALL FASHIONS. CO - O. FISH would re apeclfuUy announce ta hi customers aud ike eitizrnar.riiemlly, that he is now pre parc - J to oflt - r a very Ifcuidsoineasfnrmieiit of Hats, fiiiishrxl mjnneweslsiid ine - st aipiovcd siylc, for the prcaeut Ttie asnnrtnient rnnmritt.. nn r .t .u tiiur descriptions wlrch arc mostly in iic with tbe tu,h - waa .iiir s OIIIMIUIUiy , 1 . t me snort oap .1 .Nutrias on Fur bodies Price $t.SO " " Mulenkin Pluch 4.00 " Plain 111k Russia. s ml O. F. uonlil here deem it w..r.i,. ... .b ... ....... k.. the above Iu. - iiliom - d tleitrrintnn nf .,. ,r - oHT - ro.t .t prices from U to per c nt. Irssthan i tisuallv clMised ai uiot eslaliliKhments for lti - une qualities, while al the Mi..trTf. f T i u 'yare lolcnui to none.m - iut ion) - rxperirnc as a practical Uatler in 1 hA S)lll.0 . kAti B . ins ciiy, nas ennlileJ Inn. . - n tnrr. - f..ii.. . - ..i. the manufactine of anv Minilar e, Moment ; and it is ronhilenily believed thai iheasorlmerr uow infeied lo the ui:c, lire entirely lllisill p.iwt il. oenceincii are mvileil to rail .if. I nn.ii. r... .1. me oiu rtnauuimiiieiii ai rJM'liatham strett, e5 islw try - APPEAL TO T 1 1 .". pnicvmnk BKItT Y. Ttiirtv eiahi W - lli.w men from Afiira. tfier liavinu lieen piratically kidtupix - d fiom their native Usui, ""ul'u" i lie seas, ami snoieclcil to atrocKu cry e'ttes, have been thrown unnn our shore. u re now in' caiceralr.t in jail lo await their trial lor crimes alleged by iuuiui'ic39uiiiuiuvc uct - n commuted ty ttietn. 1 ney areigniiiuiit GfourUnguase.ofihe waees ofcivihzcd society ..u.ip.H'us oi .iiii:iuiny. tJiint - r inese ccuni - st - inces, several friends of human rights have met to con Bu i iiKn ine casv oi tl.ese uuioiiunate tin's, and have an - poinled Ihe undersigned a committee loetnaloy interpreter alilecotinsel.and take all the necessary ui - ansio secure the righls of the accused. I' is intended to 'inploy three legal cemleuirn of distinguished at.iliiics,anilu incur "tliernce - l iut expenses. he poor pin - oners bemi destitute ofcloth ing, uud several having scarcely a rag locover them, iiunie - ilinte steps will be taken lo provide wha. may be necessary. The undersigned, therefore, make thiseppt - al to Ihe friend nf humanity to contribute for the abovt objects. Donations n.ay t - e sent to enht - r or the Commune, who will ackuowl e.lge the saiue.aud makes public mi on of all iheir ! bursentenls rMMFOX S. JOTEt.YN. 31 Wall street. JOSHUA LEAVlTT. 143 Sassau street. I.EWISTAPPAN, 122 Petri street New York, Scjt. 4, IS3. se3 LEWIS SANDERS, Jr., ATTORN LV AT lW. Natcrec, Miss. Will rrartiee st Natrhejt snd Vtckshurr. anrt before the Federal ami siineriir Courts at Jackson, and will undt rtake 'tic collection and adjustment of rlaims for noti - residetits in any poition of ihe Southern district of the Slate, where the amoitii! is over I'M. The full names of parlies to a firm and si tie thereof, and names of the tkfendai.t and iheir residence should be stated. together with Ihenames and residence ol witnesses, where proof may oe required RBrBRBNCES : R. M. JOHNSON. Vice President. Hon. J .1. CH1T1TN11F.N. Member of Congress. Hos. WM. O KUTI.KR, Kentucky Delegation. ARTHUR c UROWER, New - York. fc3 SINGLE HATS AT WHOLESALE PRICES 50"C. WATSON, 151 Chatham si reel, is retailing Hats, winch, in point ol quality, style or beauty, will vie Willi any now selling in tne city, at tne ioiiowing unpreccocnieu low prices, viz: rSupetior Reaver, S4,r0 I Splendid Mole, a3.00 ault do Nutria, 30 1 do Silk, 2,50 LEARY & COMPANY. FASHIONS. FALL 1839. LEARY &. CO'S. Fall Fashions will be exhibited this day, ai No. 1 Astor House and No. 3 llroad street. REMARKS. tC - It is row ten years since we first introduced our - selves to the New York public as Fashionable Hat Makers, anJ established a system of business at once new and original, which, having rictly maintained in practice to the present time, liasacrjuired Sir our fabric a reputable distinction seldjin Rtt.'uin - d. The superior facilities, long exue - rieure and critical knowledge we possessed, induced us to abandon the antique usages then generally prevalent, for Ihe manufacture and sale ol Hats, and adnit a system in every department peculiarly our own. by which we engaged lo liu msn, at a leductinn ol nearly Jijly per cent, an article nut inferior in quality and style to the tuo.4 costly. An al most unprecedented revolution in this branch of manufactures was accomplished : and, consequently, a verv import - ant saving to the consumer was the result of our successful efforts. It is worthy of remark, that, a few years ago, not only were the prevailing European stvlesof Hals the Pattern fashions for this country, but the piaclice also ol wearing tne i - omion ami i - artsian manufactures, prevailed toaconst - ever, we feel a pri.le in saying that the rr"J - " ersed ; for while our inanufart""" holding its untivallcd precedence - others at home, it has also acquired an ,.nViT',., uisliuction ahioad,as the numerous testimonials in ..ur possession, of distinguished foreigners and travelling Americans, amply prove. The lasluonsoi the day which, as we acknowleilge no leader, we no longer borrow Irom foreign standards are original witli u, and will so coniiune to be. The result of our Mr. Lcary s investigation of Ihe merits of transatlantic Hats,during his recent vitit of many months, in France and Engl tnil, has confirmed us in our preconceived opinions of the undoubted superiority of our fabric, in every particular, as regards taste, elegance.oi utility : and decides ns to perpetuate, what we had already commenced a stamlard ol American Fashions. The Fall PattkiiS, which we 'his day introduce, presents a model of symmetry and beauty surpassing any licre - tofjre producciL LEAKY 4: CO, No. 4 Astor House, and 3 Broad st. New York, August 3nth, l$ft. au317t BROADWAY BATH, 600 BROAD WAY. tO All the various Baths and arrangements of this splendid Establishment are in perlect opreation. Medicated vapor Raths,600 Broadway These Baths have been fitted up at great expense, and will be found far superior to anv thing nf the kind heretofore in the counu - r. Also, Portable Vapor Bat lis and Bathing Tubs for sick rooms, sent to any part 01 1 lie city. iild and warm water, ana enower ruins, ouu uioaa way. tulDher Baths 600 Broadway. These Baths will be found a never failing cure in all His eases of the skin Also, in mercurial affections, Rhcutna Usui and uout, mr tO - MUSS'S PASSAIC HOTEL This house beautifully situated on the banks of the Passaic Kiver Paterson, n. J., is now open for the accommodation of vi sitors and boarders. The proprietor deems it unnecessary to point out the beauty of its location, or tbe convenienc e of its arrangements to ins oiu menus. lie u lists, oy assiduity and attention, to merit a continuance of their patronage. ftrangeis may rest assured that his best exertions will be devoted lo their comfort and pleasure. Recent repairs and enlargements enable him to eutcrtain an additional number f guests. N. B. A baggage wagon will attend the arrival of the cars rsr stout's enoraving esta RLISHMENT No. 172 Broadway, comer o' maiden lane. i bis establishment is one 01 tne old est in tho city, snd has lone been considered as se cond to nonein the United States; its reputation has been earned and sustained by the great care evinced to give in every instance, complete satisfaction . The Specimen Books exhibit examples of VISITING and UOOIMKRCIAL. (JARU KRURAVlINU, in every style, from the delicate Italian, (OR LADIES HAND to the old Enelish or Grecian Characters the execution of which carries with it its own recom mendation. The Cards are coated with the purest amol. having the surface highly polished, and rendered susceptible ot the finest impression. SILVER PLATED DOOR AND NUMBER PLATES, the plating of which is unusually thick the silver beineexpresslv rolled for the subscriber. LETTER STAMPS, CONSULAR, AND NO TAK.1AL. SbALO BRASSDOOR PLATES AND KNOCKERS, Itis important in the purchaseof these articles, to pro cure brass which willreadily receive and long retain i.iiifiuuyiiiiii. . u .ui iwti a high polish. 1 be advertiser has some he can con fidently recommend ; many plates that havebeenw u8e for years.can berecuLand I . ' refilled, and made to present tne appearance, and do the service of new ones, at a consiaeraoie saving ot expence. COATS OF ARMS, CRESTS, Ac. on Silver Spoons, Knives, Forks, Ac Inscription on Rings iocKeisc. CUTLERY Just imported a most splendid as sortment of Razors, inlaid, pearl and ivory. They are in cases, cneise articles and are warranted. GEO. H. STOUT, jyB is3m cor. Maiden lane and Broadmy. BUCK ASD ROYCE, DENTISTS, (Successor of E. Gidney.) No. M Chambers strszT. rr - CARD E. GIDNEY. Surteon Dentist, bavins dis continued his practice in New York, wilh the intention ol resiilins in Europe, bees leave to recommend his succes sors Dis.BuckAc Rnyce to his friends and the public. As he has hart ample onnortnnitv of observtus the dental oiie. I rations, of Dr. J. B. Buck, (by wootn the business in New York will be principally coniincten,) ne eases pleasure in sayitif that tnepuDiic wui nna linn asauuui uiu acienunc master ol tne proiession. mil NOTICE TO MARINERS. CrsTO llorsa f New York, Au - tua 18T. The nndersumed eivesnotice that the Souih Lisiitonthc ITighlands is a revolving lipht lamps placed all on one side nuke one irvoliiiion everv three tiiintites and 30 seconds I the xreatesi power of light can only be seen once In thai tin.a n Ihe 15th ofofOctobernext, tne Lantern win bent wnn 2TinewIiupsand reflectors placed in three tiers on two sides of an oblong sqnare the greatest power of Lraht will men be seen once in every one niuime ami - t - . M - nium au'JJ j.iiux j.vxiuecior. Office of thi New York Fmx Ixs. Compant.J August 7th, l8S. S fir - DIVIDEND. The Board of Directors, have this day declared a Semi annual Dividend of four per cent, upon the capital stock of this Company, payable to the Stockholders on or after the 13th Inst - The Transfer Books will be closertnn the ifttn inst. au3 lin A. M. MERCHANT, Bec'y. Cm Frcs Ixscrascb Compasv, New York, August 6, W. S Dividend. The Directors of ihe City Fire Insu ranee Conimny have this day declared a Dividend of five per cent on the capital stock, for the last six months, paya - l.l.Mi .ml after the 1 Ii instant. The transfer book is closed, and wilt be opened on that day. K. A. KEADIt.,Kecretary. am i FIREMEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY', i New York. September 1th. !. tr - v A TNviilen.1 nf Twelve ner OnL lor tbe last six months has been declared by this Coniwny, which will be paid to the Stockhoiuersou and alter the ibin lose. Th transier oooais cs.ea unut uiu ua:e. ae4linis MEL GRAY.See'ry. Officb of tub Jbffebso!! IssraAscsCo. t New York. Aucust 5. 1S39 S rr - The Board of Directors of this Company, have this ilav declared a seiul annual dividend of eiglit per cent lor I . y . . .... .1 L. V. 1 .1 . I t the last six inontns, iayaoie to toe kwr - ihiiucibuu w .i 10.1. w,. - t Tnntfcr Ronk. elniel fmm the Sih to instant inclusive, CEOKCET.nOPE, trftcrstary. iuGlBi I' COMMERCIAL. LATEST DATES Liverpool......... - July 31 1 New Orleans...... - jg Sales sU tbe Stock Kxehjem, Kept. ft. 25 shire. Bk. Commerce . m no no oo . . - 10 too 60 12 12 25 ton a i am 25 25 175 so 130 ! 71 2TO 15 W ltU 25 lift) EO en ts 80 25 50 SO SJ 25 35 It i S r. do Bk. N.Y.. do PbenixBank... . 98 do Leather Manufacturers Eank... ma do Seventh Ward....... tn do State tUnk N. 1. ...... 1, ir,.i.. inn do do to do do do do uo do do do do do to do do do do do do do do do do do d - i lo do tlo do lo do do tlo do do Ikl.,, it...i do do. b 30 days do do do do. ............ s eOdivi do rlo ... . ...... t.. do do. ..... w do do..... ..... do do ....b 3D days tlo American Ex. Bk ...a. him. do do b 30 ds KA do !o d. to. do. dn Vicksbnrg Bank". North American TnaCo U6 Merrlams Ka Co. " In tamoo co, n,b ;;;; iy. Mohawk Rail Road '.I no do.. ratterson RR.. ho Pro. RR.v::;"::." - w fix NewJersev SlomngWR.R. ."iiVeek J nrie.n r b::;: do do :"::"" 1 do (V do do do do do do du do tlo do .... do.... do...., do...., ... nexi WK 4H 44 n 50 W f It KM .next wk do...... do, ' .7.7"biida 4f bands a4 do. do do do do a do conntioo r.v:;;. w4 Sale. 4f Stock, in PhILd,lphL yeJlu! - 5 shareTaS B""d 7 do Cominer,l.l r." " T " " 14 do, nenmea - . ..ui Vicksbtirj Bank do do .L. v::::.";: t lo:::::::::::'!v: 1U lot) do do da - ce.TiON aALEft - Seembrr 5. VmeM,H Sift W - PeU. lr Manors, RICHMOND MAR k - r - r . - lr?sfc,..h0nv i ,5U,Uolt rc0zsz'sf rheal Vnr , .. . biei. 4uues red.fl 19; while, tl CP peg - lro - (Z cents per buslieLon time - Compiler. CINCINNATI, MARKET. A us 30 tir from Siores .in j,,n h'skey 3 - kJO. Ileal, per bushel PITTSBURG MARKET, Aug. 3a uncled from Harris's Intelligencer for V. 8. G. nea is dull, but our merchants re prepann. for , "",e - . - 1,ney is scarce iid in d. uiand Plot in S4,.la4iJ4 cts from waging ami . .. an our t - vrn vj a iucis. tjais aJt I - seta. Wool has lal - aa PORT AU PRINCEMARKET, Aug. 10. rsny per 100 feet il 46 a I 50: bum r. r ner r - ; mess beer, none ; mess pork S6 per brt, prime, r tSs, coffee hum the Interior. SIC per cwt ; from Pon a T1 per IUI ll. - in r.r.... ..o" "!au$i3; npaiiisb Doubloons. SJS; P.n.n. A. Spanis) uUais, t'227. ' " ' AtRi. bneiro. Jnlv ltt. th n..riru. Thee tsrsof the Baliimore Ametlran re inrf.t - T - mrrcani,,ouse for the annexed eilrart - 'idr. IMnce air but nt il. 19.ln u limn .1.. 7 have beetttoreev - e than for tme ,,3"nI I?,'"" snpplies" - - Lnffee have been larger anrlT ,?. T'" Tl The principal sales since w,!. . .. " tIC''nge. anntiii: Lir,.eiH"C.!. h"'; "".M - bbla O.tie. - . do. : lOHOtbk Haillurli nlmlS? luU" port duty onewtom lw...J '' - "r '''''rpayit - rse. Tl.e. sales erv pr7ncihTr 7?' r.' ' "k. r.nrabarliavr lo wluch The only lefcel is ofWffih K?,B - cash, torn house ' ees hVvedeelncnside' ftillill,emrm a - states anil tu,uIM.ri - - r" hit the United firsts are in ge,!,, anT '' ""re - r" considered sort "we ,r".: ,h W'L howcveV the " ?erra Acr - CotTe. J.Z' uru'eS retiucTjon wl.ea creasing demaS . " TIJr' ,,, toTtus oSe - e'fe V , n",:d fro Ih J.m. n..srrJ !.9 and fro ZTSZ 8"'P.P5.1 0t f - " o - oldat ai6J0on m'S . . ' r"3 l - ril. in II If Hrlinfl Ikin . . . malitauiea ' T P"" w" tkelyto b - In the shin MetfcL'TCT: - .1 P k dirvrr - B d l"'!7'J'" A M'?on - 'iTaud m.T Wonn.lwnrrL J Hiker. .tlJFu?1 sady.MiaaK Staples, Mrs II tl,l iJ'JSr!f - Vork : J Tennant and U)y of Ualtimorr.MttwMl;, Mi a p.,.,,!! of srMfc V" PhiUde,l,m; sodKinlhsr II p - rr lu.P, ; W "n Lonrtoo and Portwnooth w iL w TT."?? t il E Ti von. Mr E Trvon, MrslI Sift'Tvt M;T Wch. Mrt;ill.den. fee. J Lork - MJriiLi. iirIr; Ttfarvdiand lady.M.ssJ llarvilf ...i.n n' V . .1 Thom and todv. Miss C May - iSLi' ,ofIf,,do": Mr!lVbell.nd!,MrCCampbeil, Mrs Tillinhast. Mr TillinJ Mr J Itavts or N York ; Mr Sloinan, Mim II Sloinan, Steveus, of Boston - . I'm I of Philad j Mr E Freeman. .tnpbell, Mrs Whttaktr. Mi. tulon: Mr J nalea, wis A. ami lady. Mr Irvine, Muta J irvme.ano servant. nf f n., nd Id? in the steerage. in the snip Newark froin E Smith. J Clark. iinali; It Dempsey, L Bliss, saS,ffirr Be!! GJBage ; riflucita HRRlA. . 7rffe,n'bnVl KeIl.,JIOUN AW. LEK. Lsn .loMisa IIANN. - n LIlXLfL J. C. Ilalney, DW IC.HT DAtFORtH. to EIJ7.ABETII sec - tn,1d"Fh,r.of Mineli Eeq .allof thtseitv. the rresbvtenan cnttrrn tn Walt street l.v Rev. Dr. W. V. Philips. ITIARLF.R VAN MFENGIllESPIofihBcitVtoSARAHCATIIARINA, caushterof the late Antucin Adooh Beatner, olCoracoa At .wet.icnin. n. npf tl 5th. v the Rev. Mr. Hon. r. ly?. Vl0i)I,1Rt,'0lf:,ila'ownW Mum JOAN A R. ROWLAND, datishter ul.e &e Jonathan Rowlanc, Esq of the former place. v On Thumlav, the !th hist . afle. tin.,nnr iTlne. Mrs. MARY McCLELLEN. in Ihe 66th ye.of4,,r MF. tier re. lauves ana menus, ano inaseot ner ur.,er J. A - vum, and those of her son - in - law Georee C. Moron, .re respect - fullv invited lo attend tier funeral, from Iter late residence 44 Pike street, tomorrow afternoon at 4 P. M. On the 5th inst. EDW ARD B. MANN, Jr., aged 21 year. His friemls and actitainlaiH - es. and those nf his falher.also, tl.e members of the Fire Engine Company No. 26, are re - Siecifu!ly invited to attend his funeral, from the rendeuce of his father, No. 33 Governeur street, corner of Madison. tins anernnon, at i.cmci On the 31 ultimo, on hts passage from Cnar'estna In tins eity.Capt - PETER BEnllER, late ofthe ship Niagara, in th 26th year of his age. AI Augusta, Geo., Mr. MOPES ROFF, Jr.. after an fflners of live days, of the prevailing fever. In New Orleans, on the21th ultimo, in the 64 h yearofni ace. Mr. JOHN MErWENGER, Dierchant, fete of this rtty. Ami on tne m inst at .orwaix, uonn , ANTOINETTE. Infant daiurliter of the deceased. MA RINE LIST. PORT OF NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 6. I sun rises. sun sets. 6 24 6 2"J I high water I 7 41 evea I 8 19 evea Thursday, 5 38 5 37 r riaay. PACKETS TO ARRIVE. Liverpool. United States, Fisher.. Aug 1 South America. .....Atrg 7 Wctliiurton... ...Ang I I Clnehec, ITelrd.....Aug ID British Ctuecn, (steamer) I jeu - Robens Jit - pi. '2. ' Bristfi. Great Western, (steamer) Lieut. Hoskins... Havre. .Aug tut 24 Chas Carroll. Lee.... July 24 I Albany, Johnsnp. Aug. I ARRIVED THIS DAY Pliip Mediator, Champlin, 42 ds fin London, with rodse to EJGriswold. Ship Georx iana. Parson, fin Liverpool, 30th July, with mdze to Iluksher, Castor Matfclrtt. Ship Gaston, Walkius, 7 ds fiu Savannah, with Rice to Seott .V Morrill. hamiiacne !li ki . '""d "montha, I r..uterm, b"'J fcljKkwMaad ill, ml orkT.1' or Mew Irk,lSjr9 per I I.l is atkedi lmamt is small, and no - ale, are making exce,K w re trade. There is no clear in market. R con,lU illTllr ftlVPrrlb:ta', atl? li? KT !,rd,cary 1" ; and uSa, cured oSa '' h "Uc "e ver UiOu. Lard, the fw.i r L L ""'eariiy woou o :a 67 per lUff It - SshA , - ra3 ppr kerel No 19 p K per lo.f iscovaiio, 1 quality, tJ2 per 100 lbs: 21 du ifc i run 11 loharni in I.I..I. Br brif Somerset, Wilhants 13ils Im Bermuda, in ballast i" 1 to Middietou Ac Co. Lelt no Am vessels. fins Caledonia, Hunsoa. Uu Havana, 'ki Anx, wrthmdse. to order. Bt is Neva, as lm Hazgef Island, witb Lath to II Simpson, of BsMon. Brut Helen M.ina, rratLA) oa no i aiasco, w on lee wood. to Myer At Hueden. , Sch Julia Ann, Morns, ua im ronau 1 rrnce, wna lot - wood. Ace Schr Benianun Gaitner, Bryant, from Crvicre. Atar. 1 - and Gives, St Dotning.. Auc h. with IikJcs. lo M Tay kr. Hen Kocnesicr, nitc. iia uaiuiuure. mil Hour, lo JJ ft Brif zs. .... BELOW 2 barjues anl l tint - A K RIVED Y ESTERDA Y, Packet ship Wellington, CLadwick,fm London and Porta mow, evenins 1st AuausL, with nidse, to J Griswold, aavf Grinnell, Minturn at Co 29:h. lat 4J 50, Ion 5a 3U,exeuiif ed s x ls with packet ship North America, hance for Liverpool. The W has experienced heavy galea, lost Bails, Acr.. Ship American. Fletcher, fin Liverpool July 8eh. and 7 da fin Halifax, with 2u2 steerage passengers, to Sand TlicanB - son. Ship Lausanne, Shut e. C6 ds fin Havre, with moW, Ac, to A G A A W Benson. 156 steerag.liausrncers. Ship Lotus, Skidiiy.Se ds fin Antwerp, with rodse, to J D Rayter. 72 steeraee pasaencers. Ship Saladin, Gnmn, 17 da kn Harana, lo ballast to A Noyes. Bark Marenco, Gillespie, fmCtasiow, 2Gh July, via Halt - fax, with iron and coal, lo W t FJaques. 121 aleeraf e paaV sencers. Ikirk Thomas Gener, Koopman, 13 ds tin MilsnTas, wit. 12ih I su?ar. tn M la trior. 4 ateeraz - e Dassencera. I I encoa. ta J W Auvw. Tha United Sunea Shin Falmanth nru - sucnara Aiaop, - ,un vaiparaisn, itiu June, wui) JforCilo,sa4edteaityefora, Off take Uwiiop,taij

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