Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 27, 1957 · Page 24
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 24

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Logansport, Indiana
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Sunday, October 27, 1957
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Page 24
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PAGE TWENTY-FOUR THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27, 199T Little Rock Aggravates ia Race Status By TOM BRADSHAW PHILADELPHIA UP) — The City of Brotherly Love is a modern day promised- land where 600,000 Negroes and 1,400,000 whites are learning to live side by side—the hard way. There have been racial tensions In Philadelphia on a scattered soale since the influx' of Southern Negroes began to burst the boun- age group, however, J.668 .white youths were held for various crimes compared with only 1,287 Negroes. There were indications of the race' hatred underneath. In 1956 Negro and white teenagrs me in violent combat after basketbal games at Overbrook High Schoo! in West Philadelphia. Th e star of daries of' confining Negro neigh- the Overbrook team then was seven-foot Wilt Chamberlain, .Ne- borhoods. But there was no major violence until the teen-ager took over with gang warfare. That still wasn't big enough to shake the city awake. Not until the U.S. Supreme Court decision" was followed by recent .Little Rock. . Ark,, gro star at the University of Kansas now. Not Rac e Riots Overbrook High by then was predominantly Negro. It had been white a few short years before. The Negro-white battles of lasl in- recent .uiue KOCK. HCK., were not considered rac i a i school integration crisis did Phil- . , • th . Btr ; P v Pfi |., , P71S p' nf fh P adelphia realize how deep-rooted and dangerous its racial troubles were. • Pennsylvania has passed a state j ^ r( fair employment practices act. emns riots in the strictest •• sense ' of the word. Whether this, was true or not e results were brutal and fright- Last March, Magistrate Political and civic, leaders took every possible step to make the bearable one. Negro Population Do u bles In two decades, Philadelphia's George 1 . Levin urged policemen here to use their ni?ht sticks and exist in Philadelphia.' Violence flared from time to time. Vice Principal Louis N-ar_Negro population doubled-mainly bonne and two other teachers at 0 V " ~ , i-vL'-t r<1 T..^: . TYl— L O A t*nnl ?« lIToof in bulging pockets of South Philadelphia and west of the Schuyl- Shaw Junior High School in Philadelphia tried to stop a gang kill River. Gradually, the Negro of Negro hoodlums from annoy- reached into previously all-white | ing children outside the school. 'Narbonne and his companions were sent to the hospital after a vicious beating. Last July, a North Philadelphia neighborhood was aroused by the shotgun slaying of elderly druggist Jacob Wallfield by three young Negro robbers. Again those most incensed, by the crime ma r 'e little note of the assailants' color. The hue and cry was based on the respect and admiration Wall- sections. The white middle income group feared this movement in the declared 'belief a groat majority of the crimes in the city involved Negroes, particularly young Negroes. The police figures didn't bear this out. In 1953, there were 1,552 white boys arrested in the 7-15 age group against 2,152 Negroes in the same category. In the 15-18 NEW YORK (UP)—Pat Boone Is a young man who wears white buckskin shoes, smiles a blinding white smile and says "Cooga Mooga" instead of ."Gee Whiz." He does not drink. He does not smoke. He does not swear. He does not tickle chorus girls or play the horses! He does not wiggle and as nearly, as can be determined, his pelvis is no object of concern to his public. His public is many. "He's one of a kind," says Jack Spina, a manager of talent who has nursed young Boone with rapturous concern for almost three years. "The sky's the limit on his future.- All of us around him feel he will become the Bang Crosby of this era." Boone, for the benefit of those out of earshot of this world, is a singer. Less than . three years ago, Charles Eugene Boone (he was nicknamed Pat by his parents who wanted a girl,- Patricia.) -was working his way through North Texas State Teachers College, singing on -a Fort Worth station for $50 a week. Moves Up In World 1 He has progressed considerably •ince that time. Today, Boone's personal historians credit him with selling more than 15 million records. It is re"ported- that -Boone has 300 fan clubs membered by 16,000 teenage chicks, a great: portion of •whom are benumbed with calf- love for their 23-yea.r-old, six-foot- one-inch, 180 • pound, square- jawed, dimpled, brown - haired, gleam-• toothed, two-and-one-half- octave range idol, . He has a seven - year contract with 20th Century Fox, out of which union has come two pictures. He also has a five-year contract with ABC, a network that has developed a ravenous appetite-this season for singers. " The movie contract is said to be a million - dollar one and the TV deal worth three million dollars, bat it is customary in both industries to bloat figures of this sort. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that Boone is making money. He also is making friends. His half-hour ABC - TV musical program comfortably out-Trendexed the NBC-TV and CBS - TV opposition on its third TV outing this season. This, despite the catchpenny aura that surrounds the show. "My whole object is to make friends instead of bowling them over with big acts," is the way Boone puts it. "Coming into a living room is a kind of personal thing, a .personal visit, even though the audience can't really reach out and touch you. •• "I don't want to give them a circus like some other shows. I figure they're going to tune in the Pat Boone Show to see Pat Boone." Boone has quicksilvered his way to fame. Born in Jacksonville, Fk., Boone showed an early bent for music, sports and studies. By the time he was 17, he was singing on his own radio show'. Admires Arthur Godfrey In 1853, young Boone tried out for the Ted Made Amateur Hour, qualified,,and went on to become a three-time winner. He escalated to Arthur Godfrey's "Talent Scouts," won, and formed a one- and-a-half year association with Godfrey, a gentleman that Boone much admires. However, it was in February, 1955, at Dot Records, then a small but energetic label, that Boorae' really started moving on his career. The record company fed Boone a string of .fairly inane tunes calculated to .touch the fevered -passions of adolescent record buyers and Boone. was in. They included such nuggets --as "Ain't That A Shame, ""Long Tall Sally" and 'Tutti Frutti." It was at high school .that Boone met Shirley Foley, daughter of country, singer Red Foley. They eloped four, years ago and their connubial production line has turned out three daughters, 3, 2 and 1. They expect their fourth child in January. Todcsy, Monday 2 Westerns - 3 Cartoons Open Daily 1 p. m. llAlif THRU NOW TUB. Open 1 p.m. Regular Prices [FABULOUS : LON ;CHANEYI UNIVERSAUNTERNATIONAt Praunti JAMES CAGNEY DOROTHY MALONE, JANE GREEK PLUS CARTOON ft COMEDY OF A THOUSAND! FACES witt,MARJORIE RAMBEAU • JIM BACKUS • ROGER' SMITH • ROBERTJ-EVANS^ field, a whifce man, had inspired among his neighbors. Starts New Trouble Then'came Little Rock. As Philadelphians read of the Arkansas city's race troubles, whites and Negroes looked at one another j. with a new suspicion,. even open hatred. | I Philadelphia's schools were long, since integrated. The Negro' could' come and go' pretty much as he pleased. But taere were unwritten restrictions even yet. By and large the Negro was still clus:ere:, in certain areas though little choice of his own. In the schools of South Philadelphia, North Philadelphia/West Philadelphia, Germantown and the great sprawling northeast -section of the city, teen-agers lined up on their own side of the color line. The night of Oct. 18 brought the spark. ' That evening, pretty 17-year-old Katherine Heckart was returning from a visit with relatives to her South Philadelphia home. As she walked past a darkened school- MATRIMONIAL BLISS enjoyed by the late Lon Chancy, Hollywood's secretive movie star, and his first wife, Cleva Creighton, is shown intimately in one of the early sequences of Universal-International's "Man of a Thousand Faces" in. which James Cagney portrays Chancy and Dorothy Malone has the part of Cleva, Lon's beautiful showgirl wife who almost Wrecked his theatrical career. Starts at State Sunday. Old Minds More At Ease With Words And Numbers yard, four young Negroes. from behirid an iron* fence, grabbed her and . dragged the screaming girl into the blackness. Teeth Kicked Out In the next few moments-of terror and brutaility she was assaulted and beaten .unmercifully. Three of her teeth literally were 'kicked from her mouth.. One of her ribs was broken. Police arrested the Heckart girl's attackers. A gang of teenage Negroes marched on ,a white area of South Philadelphia—to retaliate for what they considered unfair police' action.' The rumor fanned out that Negro bands intended to rape six white girls for every Negro youth arrested. Luckily for- all concerned, police headquarters got wind of the' march and dispatched a flying j squad. A few fists flew out but 'quick police intercession' prevented a major riot. • Philadelphia Police Commissioner Thomas Gibbons said the situation stemmed directly from Little Rock. Others blamed a breakdown of discipline among the juvenile segment of the city's population. What is the city of brotherly love doing about all this? Mayor Richardson D i 1 w o r t h says "that racial tensions here are at their highest peak in 30 years." "The Southern situation," said the mayor, "has had tremendous repercussions in the North. "Our problem in the next few months is to see that these tensions, these primitive hatreds, d : down. We must calm ourselves down." Jvious report but it was "prelimi- jnary.'-' This was their final re- NEW'YORK-.(UP)—Science isn't, port, to a technical organ of the By DELOS SMITH United Press Science Editor yet able to make precise' comparisons of old niinds with young American Psychological Association. minds but the newest effort to do' Th acknowled ged a primary so shows that old • muids ar.e_more weak . ness of their study. This is " s that the minds studied in''yoifth • and in age were not the same The ideal way to study •at • ease, with words and numbers than young ones. But one of the first losses ing imposes on minds is in the mm( ] s would be 1 to take a large U.S. Satellite Will Contain ex Brain memory department. Also old minds don't work as quickly, don't reason as well, and'have trouble relating events to time that young minds don't fiave, \ according to this quite comprehensive study oi old minds. They were the minds of 50 retired college teachers and professional people who were 70 to 88 years old. "They were* equally divided>as to sex." AH were university graduates and' at any stage of their lives all would.have been classified as mentally superior. Scientists Prepare Study Scientists Charles R. Strother K. Warner Schale, and Paul Horst of the University .of Washington rounded them up for a series o: complex psychological tests th<a' were designed to Show how their minds worked and how well. By dividing th e 50 into five groups of 10, (with five men and five women in each group), they were evenly spread put according to age. The mean age of Group : was 71 and of- Group 5, 54. The mean ages of the groups between _was 73, 75, i and 79, From previous studies of the minds of young adults who either were university students or university ' graduates, ' the scientists had statistical "norms" for young minds -with which' to compare their'.measurements qf old minds. In comprehending the meanings of words the old minds were statistically superior to the young ones up to _and through the 79 years mean^age group." The 80 years-plus group were inferior to the young niinds. This held true also in comprehending and using numbers. But jn reasoning, in mental argil- Dwniber of minds when they are young and study .them, periodically over the many years of their By ROBERT G. SHORTAL United .Press Staff Correspondent, NEW YORK CUP) — America's jity, and in relating to' time, even ultimate reconnaissance satellite!the youngest of the old minds'-(71 will be a complex brain with "eyes and mouths" that will report vital information back to earth stations. ; That is the prediction of Sherman M. Fairchild, noted' inventor and chairman of Fairchild Camera & Instrument Corp. He told United Press the photographic "eyes" 'of the satellite already are far advanced. "But they will be just a member of a team of infra-red, radar and ultra - sonic detectives that will furnish the''Outer-space brain with information," he said. Fairchild, who invented the modern aerial camera and pioneered in aerial reconnaissance, sai d information will be. sent to earth ''by various types of-radio signals and sometimes in photo j graphic form, carried earthward by messenger rockets and parachutes." He noted- that one of his company's World War M cameras has taken good infra - red photos 100 miles up and clear black - and white photos "from higher up than Sputnik's lowest -trajectory." Infra-red pictures, he explained, can be taken in what appears to the human eye to be total darkness. "In addition," he added, "we seem to have made a good start toward giving -radar clearer vision. "We have developed a device which uses sound wave lengths :oo high for the human ear to rear. The device is called an ultra-sonic light' modulator. Firchild said military security prevented him from suggesting just how the "mouths" of the Now Open Year Round . TONITE! 2 HITS! One Complete Showl JAMES STEWART AUDIE MURPHY in Night Passage - -PLUS- Ray Millond Ernost Rorgnine in "3 Brave Men" HOT DELIRIOUS PIZZA PIES years, mean age) were not up to the young ones (17 years up to 26 years.) . Ease With Words A curious matter appeared, in the comparative statistics on the ease of-using, words. The 71-year- old group showed less eas e than the' young minds,- but the 73-year- old group showed more ease. This greater ease was even greater in the 75-year-old group, but thereafter it declined to a little less thant hat of young minds. The scientists had made a pre- satellite brain could report to earth stations. However, it is known; that one system- — called . telemetering — already is supplying* 20 or more simultaneous reports -from highflying-'guided missiles that are undergoing test firings by the U.S. and its allies. MENTAL FIRSTS •FRANKFORT, Ky. — Kentucky and Virginia were the first states to provide institutional care for the mentally ill. Kentucky began operating its first state'mental hospital in 1824,.and now has 'four such institutions, plus nine mental health clinics. Read the Classified Ads MER-DBL'S APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS. BUY OUR "THANK YOU" SPECIAL VTL Ga 59c VANILLA KE CREAM FRI., SAT. & SUN. v "By Most Ref oilers" •aging. Push-Button School of Science Pictured for High School Pupils NEW YORK (UP)—Many scientists are keenly aware, that there is going to be "a crisis in education" which will make, the present so-called crisis seem to ' be nothing at all, and so they have been stirred by an. outline of an electronic, -mechanized high school which .could theoretically prevent or solve the crisis, although at great cost. In this' high school most of the teaching would be 'done- by machines. It would be staffed by a .arge number of .clerks to coordinate machine .- taken records , of Dupils and their progress in learn- .ng, and a small-number of high- y skilled teachers who would function only on the- highest educating levels, thus teaching only what machines couldn't. Ramo Makes Outline , The outline was made by Dr. Simon Ramo, noted scientist, electrical' engineer, and member, of the faculty of the California Institute of Technology. After he made the : outline, the Russians both launched an earth satellite and proved their mastery of long- range .rocketry. Unanimous scientific opinion is that such developments brings the., big crisis closer. It is an always increasingly technical world, Ramo pointed out; this world more 'and more takes scientists and engineers away from teaching and into industry. But the always increasing complexity of this world "makes science seem unattractive to the youngsters," he said. The mechanized high school would concentrate the identities of its pupils into.codes "punched" into* bits of metal- like "charga- plates."- Entering a classroom, the pupil would insert his plate into the machine built.. into his chair which would automatically record his .presence and also give him some 'access to the mechanical teacher at the head of the room, through a number of push buttons, ' ' No Trig, No Sputnik Ramo -used trigonometry as an example. Without it, there can be no Sputniks and' no rockets capable of putting Sputniks into orbits. The mechanical = teacher would "enunciate or narrate" its principles with sound movies using '-'human -actors and .various and sundry fixed and animated geometrical diagrams." At various- times, the students would be required to push buttons, to show their attentiyeness, and the machine would ask questions which the students would answer with push buttons. That machine would be for mass -instruction. There would be .another machine for individual instruction, one for each pupil. This machine has been adjusted to the special requirements of the .'individual. Mixed in with these machine lessons-would be "a special session with a skilled teacher" who would have complete machine-made records of "\veeks of intensive machine operations" to guide him. Students Could Romp Ramo said "a brilliant student could romp 'through trigonometry in a Very small fraction of the course time. A dull student would have to spend more time with the machines." He said the machine principle could be a.p p 1 i e d - to chemistry and .other technologies, to • English, -. to foreign languages. Technically those machines could be designed and made on the basis of present knowledge. But they'd be extremely expensive. Indeed, they'd' require a new industry and a new technical' profession, that of "education engineers." He made his outline in a recent unpublicized speech to a California educational meeting. It is now being circulated among scientists by Cal Tech. He emphasized that he wasn't .urging anything, except to "look ahead." Scientific technology can now, blow up the world, he said. That is one alternative unless "the coming crisis ;in. education" is solved. The other is "a robot-control world that consists largely of ignorant and uneducated masses who are slaved to a few individuals, who push all the-buttons on the machines." 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