Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 20, 1957 · Page 2
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 2

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 20, 1957
Page 2
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PAGF TWO THE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, XOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20, 195T School For Handicapped Plays Use ful Role 36 Pupils Now In Two Classes With Tutors A group of children, who just a few years ago would have had only a barren, unproductive life ahead of them, now can look forward to taking a-useful part in society, thanks to special classes i . •• * . xi_ £ H T (^^nYlO^ diana State Teachers College, un-j der.the direction of Dr. Rutherford . Porter. The results of the tests are used bo determine whether the chi . ld being .provided for them in Logans- j port. yy Vlt'V^ii* t**w " ~— ~* \* -. would profit from special train- handicaps. . At present- there are 36 such children attending special classes at Jefferson and, Washington grade schools. Four of them are physically handicapped. The remaining "32 are mentally retarded. Not too many years ago children such as, these were allowed to remain in regular school classes where it was impossible for them : to 'keep 'up with- the work. Eventually -th^y dropped out of school entirely. Some 'Of them were fortunate enough to obtain jobs and become at least partly self-sufficient. But the majority of them were doomed to become either burdens of Children in the classes are giv- Newnum said such projects are assigned for a definite purpose- to develop coordination which is often lacking. This type of train- ing'will lead .to skills'which will enable the children to obtain jobs when they become adults. In addition, they are taught reading, writing and arithmetic to the extent of .their capacities, and other subjects as they progress. Money for the special training classes comes primarily .from two sources—taxes and two local .organizations that were instrumental in starting the-program. State Helps With Bill In the class at Jefferson, the state pays 80 per cent of the "ex. their -the state. •• - At the left, pupils in one of the special education classes study reading exercises, they learn to solve simple arithmetic problems at th e blackboard. (Staff Photo). On the righ Two Groups Vie For Right To Protect The Musicians By HUGH MULLIGAN NEW YORK W—The discordant notes coming these days' from. Tin 3 an Alley, the 10-story collection o± tiny offices and tinny 'pianos on upper Broadway, drown out ;he old adage: '. "Music hath charms to soothe teeast." the- savage uecJou. : • Instead, you hear the raucous napping and-.sn-ariungs of song writers and publishers belaboring each other in a -real dog' figbtr-a hoimd dog fight, you might say. Arrayed on opposite sides are the '' American Society of Com- tbem by being kept from hearing anything better. To understand the nature of the fight it is necessary to go back tot, the days before ^ASOAiP was formed. In 'Europe, song writers and publishers have been, collecting fees for more- than MX) years, but Americans never bothered -about it until Giacomo Puccini arrived in New York in 1010 for the world premiere of "The 'Girl of .the Golden West." One day, with George Maxwell, ibis . American publisher, Puccini walked into a erican society ox wiu- r— > - --—— .-- . : 'Authors and ; Publishers, cabaret and heard the orchestra teir-•pareiiLs IH uic •»««.*« JWL-~ r~j» — , , u. inf Today that picture has been | penses, over and abov e the amount changed. The children are being paid for each student in regular given constructive help. Can Be Benefited classes. The class at Washington school an rse jjeueiiicu .•..«» ---~ — — children lack the capacity to become really proficient at reading, writing and arithmetic, many of them can be taught special skills that will enable them to hold good At the same time, they can be taught-enough'of the three R's to permit them to get along reasonably well with other persons. The classes here are taught by four specially trained teachers, who through patience, understanding and skill, will be able to.tram the majority of the children-to .be, comg self-supporting, taxpaying citizens with jobs, homes and families. • Robert E. Newnum teaches a class of 19 at Jefferson school, with the assistance of Mrs. Gertrude Morris. A class of 17 at Washington school is taught by Mrs. Ann Fries and Mrs. Dorothy Hipskind. Newnum, who was a regular classroom teacher befor € taking extra courses to qualify him for his present job, explained that children are recommended for specijtl training after they have fallen two or. mor e years behind in sohool. • Tests Determine Course They are given intelligence tests, by .clinicians from, the Special Education Clinic s of the In- Children, Inc., and the Cass County Society for Crippled Children and Adults, Inc. Th e former receives most of its money from the United Fund, while, the latter obtains its money •from the annual Easter seal sale. 'Classroom space at both ( schools is furnished by the school city.- Mrs. Dorothy Levy, secretary of the Council for Mentally Retarded Children, said her group also raises, money by sponsoring special events each year. 'In 1955 they sponsored a "hoedown" at the Berry. Bowl and made a net profit of $2,000. Other programs hav e netted smaller amounts. The money so obtained is used to pay for intelligence tests— at class, and, 15 at the private class in Washington'School. The outlook' for these children is much brighter than previously.. Some of them eventually; will be able to resume their studies at regular schools. They are tested periodically to see how they are progressing. In the' second year of the program, two children .were returned to their regular .classes. Last year one was .able to go back. Those who must remain In. the special classes can do so until they .are 1/7 or 21'years old,-depending on whether they are in the state supported class or the privately supported one. Mrs. Levy said that age limits imposed by the state are eight to seventeen- years. The privat e class will take pupils from six to twenty one years of age. Likes Second Plan She believes.that the second plan is mwp helpful -and hopes that the reluctant, parents and.explain the! attitude once they see how'their children are being helped. There are some, however, who still Defuse, the aid.-offered : them.' Tn'strueior ' Newnum said 'those CUnSlSUUg (H pCUCUWj VI uvrm i~- 11M>ULUV,WA . iicw "» , tarded and crippled children., The who refuse and probably, do so be- •*• * - _ - .4 -ni ' lf'_1J fn nVi*/*'nnrf •fiaQY*O objectives .of fche training. .. Jn September .of 19S5.the Council organized a special study -group, consisting of arents of both re- group meets once each month, with ;he purpose of helping the parents understand th e capacities and limitations of their children, -and to stimulate public interest in the need,for adequate training programs. • Parents Pleased •Mrs. Levy said that most parents have a complete change of cause of : old fashioned,,tears. . He summed up' the :new attitude toward- mental deficiencies with this statement: • •''.". • ; • . ' "There should be no more stigma attached to a person with a mental disorder' than to one with a common cold.' It's something that-cannot be helped, but it can b e controlled." . '' .'. By DOC QUIGG United .Press Staff Correspondent NEW YORK (iOP)-^With that 15 HlWp JldJ-'J-UJL- di*u nvi'^' •**«-- »»—i lOT - puuii 5 state eventually will lower its min- w*b]y orbit over our heads like 1 worry - wart moon,-the wave Doc Quigg Goes Way Up There in Space Travel kruijv**w> - -——— — ( • - f better known as ASCAP, "and Broadcast'Music -Inc., better known as BMI. Both Collect Fees Both- are engaged in.collecting performance fees "under the: Copyright Act of 1909, which .guarantees .to owners of -musical copyrights the exclusive.right of public performance for profit. The courts •have held this'to mean that' whenever.>; song is played :ori radio or television, .in armovie sound track, in a restaurant', dance hall or burlesque' 'house, someone nnust pay both the piper and the writer of the .tone he pipes., . A song writer cannot belong to bothi :but a publisher can-if he sets up separate ^companies. Congress and the federal courts have been busy looking into cfearg- es that BMI, set up by the broadcasters in competition to ASCAP, is'engaged in'a conspiracy to keep ASCAP music off the air and thereby curb the earning power of some of 'the nation's leading song 'writers. for a dumping -ground for radioactive atomic -waste. The. disposal »/V7 ^w*y * w— •--- u - ,i ten dollars each—and for trans- . portation and special supplies. imum age h'mit. "By. startiing the children, when they are six years old, we save two years that otherwise, would-be wasted," 'Mrs. Levy explained. She said the best time to pick the children is ; when ^they are in kindergarten. This is usually _the first place where their deficiencies can be noted,-she said/However, she added, it is possible for the parents, themselves to recom- •men a child for the special train' Started in 1954 The two groups started the program in September of 1954, when they formed a Committee on Special Education. The first class was held Nov. 15, 1954. at the YMCA building, ; Eleven chUdren, ranging in age from 5 to ii years, were enrolled. In September of 1955 the class was moved to Franklin school, where 20 pupils were enrolled. The 'two present classes were set up in 1956 with 14 pupils at the'class -LiTt/U, Tt *vl'« *• *• f »-* -* state supported Jefferson school MONTOOMCMY WAflO for quality and value Ul'g. There are more children in the county who need such help, but there is no room for them at the .present time. When the special education building, now under coh- struction on South Cicott street, 15 completed early .next year, facilities will be availably for about 60 children. 100 to 150 in City Statistics show that about two to three percent, of all ; children need special training/On the basis of' Logansport's school population, this would indicate there are from 100 to 150 such children in the city alone. 'In th e county as a whole there are probably nearly twice that number.- Aside 'from the problems brought about by lack'of facilitie and a shortage/of teatchers, one of the greatest" obstacles to over come is the initial reluctance o parents to send their children to such classes. The two councils • have helpe to overcome resistance by sendin; parents of 'children already 'enroll ed in the program to talk with th< rf the future seems to be -beeping oward us at. a- faster rate than it did in .aete^potaJk days. And ideas' are spouting -fast for he out-of-this-world days ahead. One of the most intriguing of hese 'came' from an American dentist attending the repent-Im- ornation'al Astaronautiical Congress n Barcelona.' "•'••» Why not, he'suggested; make the. onoon 'an.' international -bufceye? Tests on Moon .His plan was for .the powers of the earth to test. their hydrogen jomlbs on the moon, which pre- 5umably- couldn't" be amy more ouled-<up .than it 'already, is— ^ith-its face pqoted with craters and no life showing on its bald ate. Public Loses Out strike up a • f a m i 1 i a r,; tune. "They're playing our song," he oried, or words to that effect, and wanted bo know how ; miuch he would receive. , ASCAP Since 1914 Spurred by Piuccini's objections to-, free ' musk, Maxwell, . Victor Herberts John Philip Sousa and a few otlhers founded ASCAP ..in 1014 as a non profit collect^ agency. The society brought sui against various restaurants an< •hotels, losing-'every round; until Henhert finally worn vindication before .the U.S., Supreme Court -i a famous case aigainst Shianley' Tames Square Restaurant. Justic Oliver Wendal-Holmes won -musi cal immortality, with his .ludin that whether music in a- restatu rant "pays or not, .the purpose o implying it in for profit, and flr is enough." • ' • When radio oame along v ASCAiP was strong enough to again battle successfully all the way to the U.S. Supreme" Court against the contention broadcast The public has been dragged into -the act with claims that it is , western and hillbillf ources neglected by ASCAiP. ' It found 140,000 tunes, but to .the 139,000'of them seemed to se endless variations of Stepnen. 'oster's "Jeannie with the Light 3rown Hair," 'a public domain lumber.' -' Had "Name" Writers When ASCAP finally ,came to eims it had to settie for "a good deal less- than it asked, ; although :s" revenues continued to .grow with the radio and later the tele- ision boom. In succeeding .years, ASCAP.still claimed the big name writers and brought in .the .lion's share of broadcasting fees. But BMI with,hits like ."Tennessee Waltz," "'Memories Are Made of This" and most, though not all, of the rock 'n' roll, .ditties, developed into a. strong ; comipeti- tor. BMI flourished "to the point where, it now finds 'itself :• on. the defending end of a 360 million dol- ,ar- monopoly, suit .--brought-.-by 33 ASCAP writers arid publishers. The ASCAP writers charge that BMI, completely owned by broadcasting interests, which in turn control several-of the largest recording companies, has conspired to favor'BMI-over ASCAIP music to the detriment of public taste and the earning-power _ of the nation's leading song, writers. A House Antitrust, subcommittee headed by Rep. Emmanuel Celler (D-NY)' looked into the hassle and'found that in 1955 ASCAiP.ac- counted for about 80 per ecnt of line . competing powers would develop mterplanetary ballistic missdites with H-bomlb race'would iu-ra into a. contest .to- see . who could make the biggest splotch in ;he moonglow. /' , There is the hint of a suggestion' here that war in. the future could 'be reduced to an international shooting match, ;with the winner being the country that makes the biggest moon - cnater. It's a 'nice, thought, but/ it won't work. Wto.wauld be the umpire? Even I we got some MertiaJi to stay on Ms planet and do the job, it wouldn't work. Too much danger df the loser -turning iiis' fire on. Marsi- Dispose Atomic Waste A more feasible plan would be five 'use -of .& dead heavenly., body . r .,&. real problem in- the nuclear - energetic future. The earth and its seas can become polluted -through, -carelessness. The >moon — if, v indeed, it is utterly 'lifeless-would. then as a dumping -ground become .eternally lifeless' and as much to 'be .avoided by space travelers as if it exuded- an overpowering green cheese odor. "OH limits to tourists"'would, be - its inter - stellar 'highway -warning,'.and its only visitors would be the lead-shielded workers on the space, garbage^scows from earth. Travel to Planets ,Of course, you 'pan say'.that the enthusiasts among the rocketry scientists can't 'be serious when they talk of human space travel between planets,, and of course that's • what people said about Columbus amid Magellan in--their time. "Reaching for the moon" may become an obsolete; and meaningless saying • before the •century's end. Meantime "life; whirls along lightly, and today a fellow earthing who works, in- our office dripped in to work .whisfcKag. a peculiar little -melody that constantly re •^vjii^j •*•»» "~~ ~~— tural depths by some.disc jockeys playing - ' -trashy, sometimes ob- peated a refrain: three monotone like notes followed by a To those who stared curiously at him he explained:' "that's Sputnik, going by Venus." FOR YIAKS larrin^ton's MEW JEWEI CUB. ^j -7 w. £ j LJiaY'.u.ii5 nt*v*A»jf MW»»»W -•— • scene songs behind a sinisterly controlled electronic curtain.' Is America's taste in'.popular •music going to the hound dogs? Several entertainers, Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra and Gisele Mac- Ke'nzie among them,, seem to think so". "It galls me," said.Crosby, 'to see so much orash on our airlanes and TV screens while the work of dedicated song writers is crowded out." Crosby's-objections, however, did not prevent him Irom contracting .to do an album of BMI Christmas music. , Before leaviing the "Hit Parade" to do her own show, Gisele .MacKenzie took a blast, at the caliber of 'today's hits and was particularly all shook up about a number called. "All Shook Up:" What Is "Junk?" But; practically ''.the same. criticisms were leveled in another day against other musical, innovations. Gilbert and Sullivan were.assailed for • producing^ junk. Victor Herbert was regarded as culturally uncouth,' 'and George Gershwin tnard : the word trash echoing in his talented ear.- What the courts and .Congress are interested in is"...hot whether the songs, are good* or trashy, but whether, as has been changed, the that "radio doesn't m music, ' it emanates electrical energy." But its-' success and dominant position in the music field soon bred other difficulties. Some song writers and publishers complained that they could not get 'into ASCAIP and denounced •* it • as a closed shop. Others claimed that .ASCAP's complicated 'payment system favored the old guard over new writers by putting a premiun' on seniority. Twice' the federal courts found ASCAiP to be a monopoly. In 1M1, the sociiety and' its officers paid $35,230 in fines as a result of a .criminal.'antitrust action brought iby the Department of Justice. Through^consent 'decrees, ASOAP w.as made to do away with its self-perpetuating board' of directors, change its eligibility rules from five to one published song and desist from entering, into exclusive agreements with foreign societies. he music played on the air but MI had 43, per cent of the 'hits, he committee recommended-that tie Department of Justice make an extensive antitrust investiga- lon of the music field. Committee igures .shoved that 25 per cent f BMI stock is owned by the etworks, 65 per cent by network ffiliated stations and 10 per cent Dy various independent. stations, .stations with BMI stock represent about 15-per cent of the nation's ,000 dtations. Currently' before Conigress is * ll sponsored by Sen: George Smathers (D-Fla) to divest broadcasters of their music and record- ng interests. "The public today to a great extent is a captive audience," said Smathers In a Senate speech. "It- is being force fed a >r and of music not always to its liking." CBS and NBC, which own Columbia Records and RCA Vic;or respectively, vehemently deny !hat they favor BMI music on the. air or on recordings'or that they lave foisted BMiI songs on their stars, as Frank SiirVara charged. ASCAP stirred' its biggest .feud in 1939 with its biggest customer radio, by declining to discuss con tract terms' in advance. Broad casters • retaliated by setting - up BMI as a rival organization anc rejecting ASCAP's demands for a 50 per cent-increase in license fees. • From January to November 1941, ASCAP's catalogue of mor than a million songs' went off the air-because of the contract deac lock. BMI \yent about .scraping ur what music it could from-Latin FOR QUICK, SAFE RILIIF TAKE TUM5 ' • PMSCRIPTtON fORI IMORIWIHT* •r suu YOV on THI OHHHHAL TUMS STILL ON1Y JOC ...WO«TH A AWUON WHM YOU NKD 7MM a sheer delight for all her tomorrows ,.. the charming new S ere it is, Wards bright and beautiful Christmas Book! It's exciting as _ . a peek into Santa's pack, to see that delightful display of Christmas gifts.. : .the taste-tempting array of Christmas goodies! And here it is, Wards bright idea for easier holiday shopping ... just shop at home by telephone. Or,'if YOU don't, have a copy of Wards new Christmas Book, see it and shop it,, in our Catalog Department... today. 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