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_BLYTHaVlI,LB. (AUK.) COUltlKR NEWS THE BLYTHEVILLE COUUIEU NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO., PUBLISHERS 0. R. BABCOCK, Editor H. W. HAINE8, Advertising Manager Sole . National Advertising Representatives: Tho -Thomas F. Clark Co. Inc., New York, Philadelphia, Atlanta. Dallas, San Antonio, Sau Francisco, Chicago, St. Louis. Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday. Entered as second class matter at Use post office at Blythevllle, Arkansas, under act ot Congress October 9, 1917. Served by th« United Press SUBSCRIPTION BATES By carrier In the city ot Blyllicvllle, 15o per week or $6.50 per year in advance. By mail within a radius of 50 miles, $3.00 per year, tl.50 for six months, 85c for three montlis; by mail In postal zones two to six, Inclusive, J6.50 per yea.-, in zones rcvcn and eight, 510.00 per year, payable In advance. Big Business and the Tariff Condemnation hy I lie United SUilPs Chamber of Commerce of the Smonl- Hawley larifl" may or may not have any political 'significance. Wo think predictions of a general big business swhiB to the Democratic party are u little premature, although there is plenty of evidence tlial industrial and linundal loaders are none loo enthusiastic over recent Republican policies. The chamber's tariff pronouncement is indicative, however, that business leaders are wiiking up to the fact that they must 15m! markets outside of this country if production in this country is to continue to expand. The financiers and the manufacturers of the north and cast arc coming to the viewpoint of the exporter, long held by the south, and as a result the time may not be far distant when there will be u real downward revision of the tariff. ; Senator Watson professes to see no relationship between American export business mid prohibitive duties upon imports; There is no tax u|»n exports, he declared by way of answer to the complaints of tho, chamber of commerce against the Smoot-Hawlcy law. But the only way foreign countries can pay for American goods is hy sending their goods here, and our tax upon imports therefore has almost precisely the effect upon our foreign trade Hint a tax upon exports would have. Government by Gentlemen Lincoln Stcffens, who in the early part of the century stirred the country with his revelations of corruption in municipal and .state governments has written an autobiography which affords evidence that advancing years have) cooled his ardor, or at least dampened his hope of thorough-going civic reform. America, he predicts in pessimistic vein, will ultimately have "a government of the people, by gentlemen for the business men." Well, worse things could happen. Such a, government would not be a realization of the democratic ideal, but it would at least be decent. Gentlemen arc not necessarily public spirited or humanitarian, but they arc honest. OUT OUR WAY The Spanish Republic Tho Constituent C'orlcs, or Parliament, thai the. new Spanish Republic will elect in June soem* more likely to succ-jad than 'the Curies the republic of 187;) set up uflcr Amailco's abdication. Most of the difficulties which beset that short-lived Corlos, and caused it to crumble precipitately with .the new republic within a year's time, are not now present in Spain. To bu sure, the republic of 1873 started oil' with good intentions. It established wide suffrage, voted for the immediate emancipation of slaves in 1'orlo Rico, proposed the complete separation of church and state. But thcsp liberal tendencies were insufficient to offset the factors opposing thu new government. The Spaniards at that time, inept in politics, were incapable of administering the new state. Loaders tiuarrekd among themselves; the dominant Republican party split up into groups each of which declared war on the other. The Monarchists, enraged at the proposed cleavage of church and -state, threatened, to opjiosij the reforms. To make matters worse, the baby republic had three wars on its hands—a war in Cuba, a Carlist war, and war with the Federalists in southern Spain. The United States was the only government to recognize Inc.now re-public. Today few of (hose obstacles confront! Spain's new government. All the principal countries have recognized the republic. The provisional leaders have proved efficient, discreet. That Spaniards are bctlcn equipped now to handle intelligently the affairs of their government may be realized from thu fact that a school for politicians has been established recently in Madrid. The .people arc not as illiterate as formerly. They arc currently referred to us "sober," "sane," "sensible." The new republic, furthermore, isn't harassed by threats that Catalonia and Viseaya will "secede" and set up separate governments. As president Maciii of Catalonia says, it is the puriwsc of Catalans to "live in an atmosphere of brotherhood and cordiality with all the people of Spain, establishing a Federal Republic." SIDE GLANCES By George Clark TODAY IS THE-, ANNJVERSA! • AISNE OE'l-T.N'SIVi: On May 5, 1911, ibo Frencli gained anoiher brilliant victory on the front north ot the river Aissic against tlie Chemlln des names, and successfully achieved the ob)ecls tiiey had In view. More than 4300 prisoners were taken. Commenting on this triumph, General Sir Douglas Halg, I commander, reported: "The decisive action which it liaii been hoped might follow from Die French offensive had not ye! proved capable of realization; but lh3 magnitude of tiie results actually achieved strengthened our belief in Its iiltlmoic inability. "On Hie Urillsh front alone, in less than one month's fi'jiniiu.', we had captured over 19,o'J5 prison- eis. including over 400 ol fleer.-. an-J had also lakcn 'I'll gims. inr 08 heavy guns . . . and immense quantilics of oilier war material. Our line had been ud-.'.iiitcd to a greatest depth cxcerding over 20 miles, representing a gain of some 00 square miles of territory." "—And also, lady, (hat book contains 50 uproarious practical jokes to play, on your friends." WASHINGTON LETTER Wickmham Commission Finis dime Sfalislics Jumbled aii:l Unreliable, anil Hcparts Tint N'cithcr I'clicc Oniccre Nor Criminals Can Ik: Trusted to Give Kcal ''acts;. ;I!Y RODNEY DUTCllEIl SEA Service Writer ' No one objects to the epithets or a man who swears off smoking. To brill!,' a pcclic thought, up to dale: April showers bring May showers. in Vermont, where a cow is pictured on Ihe state seal, we suppose the parly chiefs arc called political bossies. WASHINGTON—Yon' can't trust illation police officers or convicted criminals for crime statistics, according to the Wickersham commission. The commission found the criminal statistics situation all jumbb;i U]) and quite inadequate from nny nailoual standpoint, diie v lo the ilure of most states and ot'nu; ills of government, to collect th:in. But beyond lhat. the commission ids lhat you can't depend on the illcc to admit the amount ot crime at is really committeed or on the mvicts to give Ihe fuels about icmselves such as are needed in i)' study of criminals, their hab- s and antecedents. Sometimes, the commission says garding criminal statistics, "a spoils abuse exists in compiling icm as A l:nsis for requesting ap- ropriations or for justifying the iislcnce of or urging expanded lowers and cquipmcnl for the ag?n- in question rather than for A Supreme Court riilhu; stipulates lhat ox- tall soup must have os-la!ls in U. More bull, as it were. A \u-itcr n.'ks what Is lo become of Alfonso's snappy military uniform. It's an old Spanish costume, now. Those girls at n western university who rc- ixirlecl for the men's Irnck learn sliouM know, of course, that not all the dashing young men at school are on the ciniicr path. By William! Pl-OVMlM i-u~Y uP v-irviw' A BvT OS commission in Chicago obtained a record of HI crimes of violence committeed in one muiuli in a single police precincl, but the cap- lain of the precincl reported only 37 of them as known to him. "No Real Facts" In one year the number of thefts repotted by police per 100,000 pop- was 1023 hi Washington, 801 in Baltimore, G33 in Rochester, 405 In Philadelphia and 1562 in To ronto. But criminfilogisis scoff at the idea lhat these figures proven there wns four or five Umes as much larceny in Washington or Toronto as in Philadelphia. Warner concludes that statisllcs of oili'nses committed arc so un- irustworlhy in mosl American cities as to warrant no place lira national publication on crime statistics and implies that it will be a long time before police chiefs and precinct captains can be relied upon for (he real, facts. State prisons olten collect figures on the use of intoxicating liquor by their Inmates, but the re- iwrt says such statistics are "of 113 value el'.her lo the institution or to Ihe country at large." Prisoners Give False D.ita nrposcs which criminal statistics :e designed to furllicr. Frequently le tables of two biiie.uis in tin- line department dealing in part ilh the s.imc subject and relating > (he same activities, arc at vaii- uce. I'clice insures Inr.mira!: 1 But police statistics as (o offens- s are especially lacking in accuracy ccause the police are olien afraid Edcnt IhR number of crimes ommiited Ii-:t they incur public isappi c.v.U. P: p ;ir: rrtr .S.'.:r. Uass Earner, who made Ills C3:i;:v.is-ion's nrvey of criminal statistic;,, points lit that "(here is a great tendency n this country to charge crimo ales againsl tlic police rather t::an gainsl Ih: community." He adds hai Ihls. "along ni:i> ti,.. pjlinc.il nd non-]irofesslonal ch.ir.ir;<.r of tmrriran police fo:ci':. itr., ;-<! ; c real reluctance cni tl-.r |:avt of nany police dopn.rtnuT.ts ;-, pub- correct figures of crur,r= kuawn o the police." An'.horily is died i.: .. .,-, that couis are apt to l:c jii'-k i \.-\m\ le mrmbr-r of crime- ^L,-.. 1 '.-, c:<- •:'d the number of nr:i>.v .\ Vr:in: "There are - use of liquor no statislics on the The Editor's Letter Box The Faun Itoaril ami Colton (To the editor:) From a recent editorial in Ih; News, I quote a sentence. "That human want and great surpluses of goods produced for human consumption should exist side by side Is sufficient evidence lhat our economics are out of gear." . In the Federal Farm Act. we can see no possible solution for our lopsided economical condition. In the practice of the thing, we find our judgment confirmed, and we are satisfied that Government in business as a general proposition is wrong, and lhat the Federal Farm Act is so much of a failure as to cause it being classed as a political crime. In the face of iis failure, we find occasionally there are mouthpieces for the present admuistralion defending tlie Act, one ot' such. Mr. Franklin W. " a bankers TUKSDAY, MAY WTUlS'tt Pf3i,MflN3 GKSiNATED IN GERMAN BcCAUSE 60TEMBERG WVENTED MOVABLE ; ABOUT KH: THE CHINESE PRINTS BOOKS HlVODREDS OF YEARS'E£R32e. A.VSO USUALLY REfREAr FROM MAN, Fort, while attending ..._ convention at Liitle Rock, used cxlraordinary language, and unheard of figures in the support, of the Federal Farm Act. Tlie Arkansas Gazette published an editorial quciitlg Mr. Fort. Mr. D. Burford, president of this association, made some comments, a signed copy ol which I am enclosing to you. W. S. TURNER, Vicc-I'rts. and Sec'y, Arkansas Cotton Trade Association. CHURCH EXCUSES — By George iV. I just told uiu 1 Preacher things don't change up soen I clon'i kuoi'.- what is lo become ot us l:,:lwccu Ihc niud'.Tiiibls, the antis, ]>rcgrcssives and what nets. They have me so disturbed I hardly know if I'm in or not. It looks to me like it's solng to lake a farm relief board cr .111 income- tax return man to figure out ins! j- if [ IniMing a larger church nnd soinf Sunday school rooms and a lot oj.. other needless things, pnn thinj i they have planned will 'not mcc! I with my approval anymore IhaiJ•! the building part of the large program, and that is a inecttn with one of these expensive fcl lews lo do the Beaching. Oil Preacher siwke of some fellow am , _. . ° " " . •-- ; - ..-..»..»*.« i.iivn^. UI mjlln; HJllu'.v' illl what is best to do. IT.on when you; his party. Well, they can have ai get it figured out it's doubtful if 1 " you gel it done or. net. The Beard of Stewards or Eld- 1 ; or whatever you call them and: on that kind the panics they want to but saying right now that they wl not gel me to put my real cas of a proposition. " — ; "" unit nuiLi ui ti ]Ji upurji uuj l, ine Preacher began w=y last year: tried to show them that our build to talk about a larger program lor' ing had been serving us for thirtv our Church, ond without showing ~ Mr. Burford's statement follows: Poets and fallacies! Successes and failures! Private business conducted on economic lines and government enterprise conducted by political pressure! The politician says the Federal Farm Board is n success, and then quotes statistics which have never been made public by the fellow who knows the facts. Why isn't the farmer quoted, non-criminals with J |lst occasionally, on this tiling? which these figures can be compared," it is explained. "Further, the figures arc very unreliable, since the matter is one upon which the prisoners hove a strong interest ir. lying, and the majority of prisons do not check up on the tmthiul- ness of [he prisoners' statements as to their use of liquor." THe U. S. attorney BcncrrU Is mildly spoofed for including imdor "liiifcits of Life" figures on federal prisoners who — "Chim to be temperate." "Admit themselves to be intemperate." V/hat. (he commission asks. Is "tcinpeinti 1 " and what is "intemperate" nmi who decides in which prisoner sl-.all be en- class tered Tli2 reliability of prison statistics varies greatly from institution to institution, one learn?. Some, times (he records are based almost entirely 0:1 the prisoner's statements and "i; is almost impossible to secure even reasonably complete information concerning the number cl csimes committed.' Heal ill Experts Push Drive to Prevent Lead Poisoning I»Y iMiltr, >li. JIOltKIS I'lS .Iminial of Ihr Hj-RCia. thp Ilcallli Lead continues lo i most rianvrercus i.J workers in vav,Gii:, Uuilarly painii'i.-. K the facl that :n dene to cducalo pri.'i standing ih,- fart i Uners arc doir..- i eliminate the h;i:-.i: crss of inamil.r.-lun o'.is cccupalions <•: Pur.Jic n-auh A inrdc available •':-.« examination ol (, ; .' fkates frcm livci >>. pcricd IKS-IP'.'? 1 their fmurcs, 31 1 "' n: I cli-ri wciv pi::::, 1 \\orkcri \v;th ;:..-. i.il.ulalinn of ir.id poisoning in wrrp 178 men who I'eporlrd I IN' I lowiti: ':i rkan cases ' at I There "M? I itom :.\iri pci'-iming. ol whom 35 : lh?!we:o j::::n':••••, an:i 13 men who :; lo j vcrkcd a^ painters, jh'jiishers. ;>nr-j saiuic;.- ar.ci r-pray painters in the .-'i.iid-| r.!itc:iu,!i:!r !r.iri:s. Lead continues jto brj a ^"rirms hazard and or.e lha; particularly concerns thr five years and is still a gooi bulding, but they hav» the large program dea and ncihing shorl^.o failure lo get the money wlll'tf* it. \\ .t i too much curiosity I have been trying to fir.d oul just what ihry M. i niear.t by larger program. I soon found oul that ii was going to take a loi of money to put, this J I haven't been going to chiic large program ove: and as Ihap-! very much. This thing seems I pen to have a litlle money and a • have started in re; absence. I fair income they are soiiiii to call j looks like I'm goii^ to hava t on me to help at ieasc'lii a finan-1 go every Sunday lo watch ther cia! way. TI:ey arc planning, on: and seo that no changes take place 1,300,000 bales of cotton the market lo relieve Ihe surplus pressure! Taken off—where? How Ihc pressure relieved wr.cn liiesj 1.300,000 bales are piled up in Hie principal markets where it may be dumped Ihe minute someone :hanges his mind and concludes it Is a good time to sell? These 1,300,080 bales are not Cooperative Association or Farmer cotlon. It is Farm Hoard specula- live colton as is also an equal amount bought by the Farm Board. speculative!)-, on future contracts, much of the deliveries of which, was from Liverpool, Urcnicn, ontl o:her EurO|>ean markets, and civil .'ro:« far-oil Japan. Importing CD'.ton to relieve the American co-.tan farmer! It was the loss ol our export business through "price \KS- Ehig" by the Farm Board, that busted our market. Let the political defender of the Fcdcial Farm Act give list one plausible citation w-Jiere tile co'.lor, farmer has taken the least particle- of benefit. A statement has betn released lhat in a single year Ihe Ccoiierative Associations increase:! their receipts from 714.000 bales t: 2.100,000 bales. Inlerestiiig statements and big figures, if true. ;uiri even if true, th? entire crop was i:i excess of 14.000,000 bales, nnd the Federal Farm Act donated S50J.- COO.OOO to relieve ail the farmers. and not just those belonging lo p-j- litical-cconomic organization. Who Indians to Present Special Buffalo Dance WASHINGTON', (UP)— A special buffalo danc-c is lo be given Interior DcnarlmeiH officials by In- „.„„„ ..„,, „, „,„„.. ,,.,„ diaus of tl:,i Saiila Clara reserva-I be finlshrrt some lime this „_ , ticn in New Mexico as a mark of j and unveiled next year, autzbij ipiireciaticn for the aid of the In- | Horslum, Belgian and Americai lerior Drparimcnt in obtaining fcuf'alo liidcs for the Indians to use in their ceremonial dances. Jefferson Monument ' , 1 : Te Be Completed sculplo: 1 , has announced. Belgium, here on a short vfica-S lion, will 30 to Poland during Jun,-! Officials of the Yellowstone Na-. willi fgnace Paderev.'ski to attaKj licnal Paik senl the Indians a ] .he unveiling of a str.uie of Wool* buff.ilc, iiide when one of the but-1 row Wibon. While there. Borglun 1 ? ' fa'.os in Ihe park died last fail, and I will model a portrait of the pianisljf Ihe hide wns tanned and furnish- j He uill return in July. f -d ihc costume for the principal; Bar&ium exhibited to Knnsaf - i:cc:i • • the "•• ilh- .'. 1:1 r- 1 to :iro- Iho (h.iiiiaM riT.ll-..- ir;:-;::?! ircm tfrn-r'.hy'i n'.ar.iirnc:i:rr tit suddenness of ;o have occurred bad whir, the this product v. .i.s fii..; :ii'i:-iiaki.'ii iii crni:ectio:i with •••" - — - * . vvjiiiiin, u.\i!;uui_ii ly r\.nlls.:^. r.c ;r in the anna! buffalo dance ' ; rjity bronze busts of Thcodorf .'.hlch was held ^in^February. The: ncostvclt and former United Slate.*' '" '" "' 'senator James A. Reed. f Kidiiional dance to IK: gives 1 , in tl;-j :irar finiivc is in iipreciation lo Ihe cfficlfils of yclln«stone National Park for Ihc b-.iffalo hide. Courier News Want Ads Pay. Playful As Kittens-Bui Lions It vcrc IS the ea i j aid. I nirasu;:.- jof !h^ ri'f I t:r,n r.iioii 1 Cov.ii;-! i tixcly :•;:: , lien?. C:i l<^r thr in- I , of aiiti-i;ncrl: nltentimi on Ihis ha/- n.v.v .ivcidcrl by .'.h :n the ;v,a:n inn and In its :lisiribu-' h IMS ,slatio:is. -i' tlvi- ho/avd i~, rol.'.- ;:1 - inulrr Mich rcndL- ::-.!- inlici' hand, cmilrcl I Inxari! us il occurs In .14 i;id:;s:rv is riiflirult. found these figures anyhow only one who Is supposed to kr.o 1 ,'.- ti:cin qtotcs no fijurcs. neither OJL-S he give any accounting for the half billion dollars donated for farm relief. Assuming that somron; has secured access to the records and hnn learned that there is or was a stock of 2,100,000 bales of cotton, where r Ihc proof that this was Cnc.prr.uivp Association cotton? Was it not bought colton to create an appe.ir- .ir.ce of Cooperative A;t.,ciatbn sii~- cess? One firm In Arkansas Is r?- |. i puled to have bought for Ihe F,.rr.-. Board, how much were they buying, wiiat price were they pay. 114.1 p |and aflcr these answers arr- tabu-j '-•- J ask the Farm Board, "-' j and :.i\ :-(o:-.:.. .• i The figmcs i'. Ppartmcnt c! Kc?!' fol- lUiis ii-.u-: I with lead bo m. fr eci.-.l taken ty T;-.C answer is cbvic.ii.-: _......, ._ boost a stale market. i;on? s;alc because of conrfi : .ioii3. piac'.icc-',. ."Ltui policies of "a political govc-rnn-ior.i.i' Cooperative which had gonr wronj sjiu])ly because it was im.sonnd. D. M. BUnKOHU . President Ark k n s cs ' lcl ' -s "'' A thcy " ' ~ IVrry Cr:s : >. asilsi.ini ktrpn ; ,t Oklahoma City's zoo. cc'.il-ln'l get Krs the :«iir lio:i ci:ts uUli v.h^ii |-. r r, show;; above until he Irickcd --iff lioness ii:cinima in r.r.r.thu c.,-. Then he picked them up Just W,: Cotton Trade Littis Rock. Asn te:ed nil o\ci- him, Lucky they wore • tuvcd, cr—well, tr.t-y have longer claws than a pussy, allhcm; j they're only a month old.