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TW PHAIOt-TltllUNI PftOOMM lOt IOOANIKMT 1. An A<n»»l« CMc Cwrtw I. An A*mi«H few J. UMkMtt ParUni FROM OTHER PAPERS— ft, li Charitable Racketeering The National Better Business Bureau's disclosure that fake charity promoters.' are taking around 150 million dollars a year from gullible Americans is 'shocking. In view of all the calls that are. made on Americans for financial -support of legitimate chanty and social services they should be experienced and cautious. But they let themselves be fleeced on a large scale 1 . . In St. Joseph County there are certain barriers against fraudulent, pperators. The Better Business Bureau in the South Bend Chamber of Commerce offers free advisory service. The Council of Community Services, Community Chest and United Fund of St. Joseph County are watchful. But this doesn't positively discourage shady operators. They hope that the .general public will respond emotionally to their pitches. If you are not sure of a proposition stop and check. Usually the racketeer •vvill retreat at the mere suggestion of an investigation. But don't let. the matter drop. • If it is not beyond suspicion consult with the Better Business Bureau or one of the other organizations professionally competent to analyze. You will be doing a favor to yourself and the community. The National Better Business Bureau advises also to beware of the operators who avoid fraud prosecution by turning over a percentage — usually small — of their take to the charity they purport to represent. A.perennial gimmick, the NBBB remarks, is mailing unordered merchandise. In some instances the recipients are told that all or part of the remittances will go to a worthy cause. The bureau advises recipients to keep the merchandise and ignore the requests for payment. The post office ruling is ' that the recipient has no obligation to remit for unordered merchandise or to go to any expense or effort to return it. The practice of fleecing the American public with the "noble cause" excuse is as old as the nation. Don't help the racketeers. (South Bend Tribune) A man high in the electrical industry- says it is a mistake to assume electric power may eventually be "dirt cheap." In fact it looks as though use of that time-honored, designation for the price of just about anything is gone forever. IN THE PAST One Year Ago Official state highway approval of a one-way atreet system for highway 24 through Logansport "has been received by the city oE Logansport. Dr. John B. Maxwell, 97, oE 1119 High street, * physician in this city since 1933, succumbed at the St. Joseph hospital. Miss Catherine Rudolph, 87, died at the Neal home. Six traps wore set out by Floyd Stafford, Deer Creek township farmer, in an attempt to trap the wildcal which has visited his farm twice in Ihe last ten days. Ten Years Ago Approximately 400 Master Masons altended the annual Fourth of July degree work and •breakfast in the Masonic temple. Sue Jones pitched a one-hit game as the Logan Girls defeated Marion 7-1 for their 12th victory of the season. Everett Koontz posted a net 61 to win the Golf Derby at the Logansport Country' club. Dr Calvin Carney, 79, prominent Delphi physician, expired. Born to Mr. and Mrs. John Henning, Kewanna, » daughter, at the St. Joseph hospital. A son was born at the St. Joseph hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Ford, roule 2, Kewanna. Twenty Years Ag< • Lifeguard Shirley East of the Izaak Walton League was in charge of swimming instruction and Red Cross litcsaving classes which began at the Izaak Walton Pool. St. Joseph's hospital released George Unger, Rural Route 1, who, was hit by an auto on the day previous. Robert Rankin, Eugene Graf, Ben Drompp, Bobert McManus, Joseph Hoffman and Ferd Burgman returned today from a week at Hoo- iler Boys' State in Indianapolis. Miss Helen Smitely, received a National Honor Society scholarship from Drake Univerisly. E. F. Miller, 82, Washington township farmer, passed away at his home. Funeral services were held for James F. Cook, 73,' who died at his farm home near Kewanna. Fifty Years Ago J. H.- Moss, Noble lownship farmer, will com- - mence cutting wheal Tuesday, weather permitting. Professor Cornelius Fisher is going to Chicago to take a special course in music and "will be fone three weeks. J. S. Walters of this cily has the conlract for Irescoeing the new school building at Royal Center. William Engelbrccht, William Grass, Flora •urimin, and Dora Hoppe will attend the Wai- th«r Leagu* convention in Fort Wayne. Drew Pearson's MERRY-GO-ROUND Saturday Evening, July *. 199f, 500 YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS Drew Pearson says: Harry Truman reminisces about wars •rid cabinet members; He one* proposed to Stalin that Suez and Panama Canals be internationalized; He told Ibn Saud to get along with Israel. ' KANSAS City - Harry Truman •was in his usual bouncing mood when I saw .him recently. '.A big pile' of mail was .on his desk. The American flag was beside it. "I'm just back from stirring up the animals in Washington," he said. "Somebody has to do it." I reminded the former President that the last time I. had talked to him he had. p?e- dicted there would be war over the Suez Canal. "That, was" in February 1956," I recalled, "which was five months before Nasser seized' the Suez Canal, and nine moths before war started. How did you know war was coming?" "Very simple," he replied. "Russian arms in Egypt. When you have an arms build-up you have war." "Would you have stopped that build-up it you had been in the White House?" "We have enough ships in the Mediterranean," • he replied, "to throw a blockade against any vessel bringing in Russian arms. And th'e United Nations would support us in heading off war. "At the Potsdam Conference," he reminisced, "I proposed that all important ; waterways be inter• nationalized — Suez, the' Dardanelles, Gibraltar, the Danube. I offered to internationalize .the Panama Canal. Those waterways have got to be internationalized, to keep peace in the world. We should . have done it before Nasser seized the Suez." • "What happened to the proposal at Potsdam?" Slalin Laughs "The British we.re lukewarm," Mr. Truman replied. "Stalin said he couldn't do anything about the Dardanelles until the Montreux Convention expired. He wanted to control the Dardanelles, himself and take it away from Turkey. "Stalin always wanted a base In the Mediterranean. Now Russia has one in Albania and another at Alexandria, Egypt. I'll bet Stalin is standing up in his grave laughing." "What do you think is the way to bring peace to that part of the world?" I asked. "Just what I told you before," said Mr. Truman, proving that his memory was better than mine. "That is where history began. Most of our wars began down here," he pointed to the Suez Canal area and the Near East, "or in the Balkans. "That's what Hitler was after- oil and a route through Suez. But we are not going to have peace until .we readjust things. Two hundred families own most ot the Arable land in Iran. About 20 families or so 'own the best irrigated . land in Egypt. I had a survey made when I was in the White House and it showed that the only way we could have, peace is to settle all these problems," he pointed to the entire map of the Mediterranean, "From the Adriatic to Mo. rocco. "We have got to give the people here a chance to live and eat. Actually there is no reason why they • can't get along together. I told that to Ibn Saud when I saw him. Fired Two Cabinet Members I asked the former president whether any cabinet officer had ever opposed him or President Roosevelt on the budget in the same way Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey had opposed President Eisenhower. "Not on the budget," Truman replied, "but Henry Morgenthau came to sec me and said he wanted to go to Potsdam. I told him the place of the Secretary of (he Treasury was in Washington. " 'In (hat case,' he said, 'I will have to resign." 'All right,' I said 'You can write it out now' and 1 handed him a piece of paper. He resigned. "Then there was Ickes. He was a great old boy," said the ex-president. "I liked him but he opposed me on Ed Pauley for Undersecretary oE the Navy. I had a special reason for appointing Pauley to that job, He was tough enough to keep the admirals in check. But I couldn't make Ickes understand T&fEO./fJ \&fN TO that and after he opposed Pauley's. appointment he came to me and' said he wanted to resign in six weeks. " 'You have resigned'already,' I told him. "Later he came to see me, I think in 1948, and said, 'I've got to get into this campaign. They are taking the country away from us. I want to make some speeches.'. f "So Ickes made some of the best speeches of the campaign." I tried to get the ex-president to comment on some of the disagreements within the Democratic Party, particularly the refusal oE Sen, Lyndon Johnson of Texas to cooperate with the Democratic Advisory Committee on which serve Adlai Stevenson,. Senator Kefauver, and Truman himself. But he shied away. "It won't hurt us to fight among ourselves," he said, "just so long 1 as nobody is underhanded. The Democrats are .like the Irish —- if they are not fighting the enemy, they fight among themselves. We used to have factional fights among the Democrats in Kansas City. It did us good to have those fights come out of our systems. Just so long as we fight in the open and nobody nurses grudges it's a healthy system." Open Indianapolis UP Picture Bureau INDIANAPOLIS (UP) - Bert Masterson, Central Division "manager o[ United Press, has announced the opening of a United Press Nowspictures bureau in Indianapolis, Donald L. Smith, former assistant manager- of Detroit Newspic- tures bureau, has been named bureau manager. Smith will supervise the gathering of Indiana newspictures for distrbuton to the United Press Newspictures clients now on the telsphoto-facsimile network. He will work with the United Press Indiana news bureau which has offices in the Indianapolis Times Bldg. The addition of the Indianapolis bureau to the growing newspic- tures organization in the Central Division brings the number • of nawspictures bureaus to six !n' this divison. Newspielures headquarters are in Chicago with bureaus in Detroit, Indianapolis 1 ., Minneapolis, Milwaukee and St. Louis'. " The Central Division newspic- tures organization is responsible for a comprehensive newspicture ruporl in North and South Daakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan and Indiana. Texas had an oulput ot 4,100,000 long Ions of sulphur valued at $114,900,000 during 1956. LAFF-A-DAY Angelo Porri Teach True Significance Of Freedom If ever a word were abused It is Freedom'. "This is a free country," says the woman who has trodden down a wire fence and broken off branches of lilacs that took four years ol care and labor to grow. "Wtiat do you think? This is Russia?" demands a young rascal who has just torn up ai sheet of newspaper and scattered it over the newly swept sidewalk in front of the grocery store. ."No, it isn't Russia," says the indignant sweeper, "and I'll give you a taste of this broom in a .good old United States fashion if you come around here again." The teacher wrote this note on a report" card: "Does not consider other's rights." Next morn> ing an angry parent appeared at school. "What do you mean he doesn't consider? Why should he? Hasn't he any rights? This is .a free country, isn't it? "It is," said the teacher, "But nobody has the right to push, kick or shove his way through life even in this free country," "But I don't want that on my son's card. He's only a child. What does he know? You should not make such rules." That's the trouble-those rules. Thou shall not steal. Thou shait not bear false witness. Love thy neighbor. How they handicap one's love of freedom. How they cramp one's wide gestures of freedom. And ignorance of these strengthening force to Freedom's spirit is creating considerable chaos. It is time that we teach, vigorously that the Freedom we cherish is freedom within the law. Time, high time, that we teach the basic rules underlying true freedom. Even very young children learn to take turns, to give each other "a chance," to feel sympathetic with another's grief or joy, if they are shown the way. Their instinct is toward fair play, justice and good will when it is proved by parents and teachers. But when.,you hear a mother shout, "Bobby, you take that tricycle and ride it yourself because your father paid for it," you begin to understand some things that happen in the playground. When you sec a child insisting, "Me first," and barring every other child from the first place, unwilling to "line up," you see the beginning of the. selfishness that mis,- calls itself Freedom. Freedom of 'speech, freedom of the press, academic freedom, freedom of assembly, freedom to enjoy the pursuit of happiness are assured us but always, always within the LAW. That is (he point so often missed; the one that we must take time out to teach beginning in kindergarten. Library of Congress Asks Crackdown on Organized Baseball WASHINGTON (UP) — The Library of Congress went to bat today in tiie campaign to put organized baseball under antitrust laws. A recommendation to ban the farming, blacklisting, drafting and "selling" of a player without his consent was filed by the library's; American law division. It also proposed that bonuses for new baseball players be prohibited -and that the major leagues fix minimum' and maximum salaries for players. The,legal analysis was made by library official Spencer M. Beresford at the request of Sen. Gordon Allott (R-Colo.). Baseball now is exempt from antitrust laws. Professional football, basketball and hockey are mot. Congress has been studying various plans for putting all four on the same footing.. Beresford said he reached the conclusion that "legislation is needed" to make the 'antitrust laws apply to all four professional team sports, with four exceptions: —Playing rules and schedules: —League organization, so long as geographic distribution is "reasonably responsive to demand" and it isn't too tough for a competing team to enter the field. —"Reasonable" franchise agreements. —"Reasonable" agreements to restrict player employment, Beresford conceded that if bo.se- 'ball's player rules are relaxed, 'there will be a tendency for "the richer clubs to get a higher proportion of the better ball players." But he said '.his would be counteracted partly by limits on territorial agreements and on "the division of markets," In addition, Beresford said, "it will probably be necessary lo make compensatory changes in Ihe employment 'conditions of ball players." He noted suggestions for universal waiver and draft rules, and the abolition of waiver and draft prices. "Bonuses Cor new players should probably be prohibited, too," he said. "And both minimum and maxi'mum salaries should be set 'by agreement in each league." Other modifications, he said, would be worked out "by trial and error." ' One possibility was that an arbitration board could be set up to fix player salaries. Or teams might submit sealed, competitive 'bids each year for the players' services, Beresford said; Allott said his own mind wasn't made up yet but he felt four sports could neither, be completely exempted nor completely covered by the antitrust laws. If your child has bad eating habits, or Is a food lusser, you can find the solution lo your problem "by following Dr. Patrl's advice Included In booklet No. 303, "Feeding Children." To obtain a copy send 25 cent* In coin to Mm, In care of thin puper, P. 0. Box 91, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) 10,300,000 So Ik Polio Shorson Hand June 28 WASHINGTON (UP)—The Public Health service has reported that the nation had 10,300,000 shots o£ Salk vaccine on hand in th« week ended June 28. The agency said this was the highest inventory level for polio vaccine since it began issuing weekly reports last April. But the service said there was no new vaccine ready for release to druggists, doctors and health officers last week end, > PKAMOS-lttMONE QIMT. XmO rlATUNM IYNMCATV. I". WJUU} II9HT3 Walter Winchell Broadway and Elsewhere Hell of Fame Fame is a mysterious and powerful element. It frequently moves with relentless force to shape Jives in the image of joy or despair. The glory and i-| rony of fame was! exemplified byl John Paul Jones. I He was the first! man to hoist the! Stars and Stripes! on a warship. Hisl exploits will for-f ever symbolize! the grandeur of \ the Star-Spangled- Banner.'. ,Eur-' ope as well as the United States was electrified by his valor and audacity. Congress voted Jones a gold medal and the King of France presented him with a diamond-studded sword, . .After the Revolution he joined Russia's navy as an Admiral. The intrigues o£ Russian naval officers, however, compelled his resignation. He returned to France. The hero who was honored by two nations a short time ago—died in obscurity in Paris. Sometimes the margin between fame and failure is 20 feet. A fragile plane, heavy with its load of gas, once desperately sought to gain altitude after its take-off. It finally managed to clear telephone wires by 20 feet—and Lindbergh was on his way to Paris. Admiral Dewey was another who sadly learned that caprice is the primary element of fame. He was welcomed with one of New York's wildest ovations after his triumph at Manila. He was a public idol. Consequently, demands that he enter the Presidential sweepstakes •were inevitable. . .Dewey destroyed his political opportunities with an unfortunate remark: "It's 'easy enough to be President; all that I have to do is take orders from Congress, and I have been obeying orders all my life". . .The result was an editorial barrage. The blasts at Dewey inspired this verse: "The heroes we're extolling. . .A fickle public drdps. . . Folks chase a ball that's rolling , . .And kick it when it stops." When fame is motivated by the line simplicities of life, it is most enduring and inspiring. . .Florence Nightingale's name has become synonymous with mercy. With immense patience and seli'-el'face- ment she made nursing a great and noble profession. . .During the Crimean- War the British Gov't awarded her 50,000 pounds for her work. She promptly donated it to a hospital. This -Great Lady retained her innate modesty to the end. In deference to her wishes the offers of % a national funeral and burial in Westminister Abbey were dropped. There is only a brie! inscription on her tombstone: "F. N. Born 1820. Died in 1912"' . . .Her work is her monument. Fame is a crown. And a crown can be a burden. . .There is an abundance of evidence to certify its ironic aspects. Some of the greatest heroes in the judgement of historians were condemned by their contemporaries. . .Tom Paine was never endowed with the honors he deserved during his lifetime. The man whose eloquent clarion calls inspired the Minute Men was publicly vilified after the Revolution. . .Paine fled to France and was imprisoned. During liis final days he was a weary and bitter old man. So profound wa.< his bitterness that lie authored a letter abusing his former comrade and good friend—George Wasfiinglon. The historic inaugural flight of Wilbur and Orville. Wright was practically ignored. Most newspapers believed the story was too fantastic to mention. Several' devoted only a paragraph to Die event and dismissed the plane as a rather ridiculous mechanical freak. . .When the Wrights informed the War Dept. that the plane could be utilized us a weapon, the letter was filed and forgotten. They were generally considered as harmless eccentrics. . .Several years later—thanks to the interest of Teddy RooseyelU-the Wrights demonstrated their plane for the benefit of the President and skeptical newsmen. , .When Wright landed- several reporters were so impressed by the stunning incident—they dashed up to him and extended hands while tears streamed down their cheeks. Wilbur Wright, unfortunately, didn't live long enough to reap the glory of the accomplishment he shared with his brother. Some years ago Orville was asked if he regretted developing the plane- since it also functioned as a destructive instrument. Wright's philosophic reply is applicable to the moral issues engendered by atomic weapons. He declared: "I feel about the plane much'as I do about fire. I regret its damage but I am glad the human race discovered it." Amelia Earhart (the most famous woman of her time) was showered with honors following her trans-Atlantic solo. She was feted by royally and mobbed by the public . . . Amelia, however, found a bed of laurels an uneasy resting place. She could never resist the challenge of conquering space. Before her final flight she gave reporters this prophetic statement: "Someday I'll get bumped off. I don't want to go, but when I go I'd like to go,in my own plane. This is my final flight." And she winged into immortality. The flamboyant General Cusler was a victim of fate's cruel little joke. He hungered lor military victory and frequently contended that the success of a man's life could only be measured by the glory he gained . . , Ironically lie won undying fame as a result of "Custer's Last Stand" . . . The worst defeat sustained by U. S. troops. The Presidency encompasses the sad and gladdening pageant of glory plus this stark contrast: The road to the White House resounds with fanfares, while the paths from it sometimes reach a martyr's grave or a trail of despair. Misfor tune was Grant's constant companion after' leaving the While House. Failure in private business burdened him with staggering debts. Always an honorable man, lie pawned his war trophies in an effort lo compensate those who !iad lost their savings supporting liis commercial venture . . . The sorrow was intensified when Grant was struck down by despair . , . He spent the last agonizing months of his life penning his memoirs ... It was a frantic race with deaih — for Grant hoped the income from the book would provide adequate support for his family. •Hecompleted his monumental chore a week before liu passed. The memoirs represented the crowning irony of his life. Mrs. -Grant received over a half-million dollars in royalties. More than her husband earned during liis lifetime. Fame has supreme grandeur when it comes in the form of moral and intellectual accomplishments . . . Booker T. Washington was born « slave. But he became one of our greatest educators . . . Booker T. obtained liis education at Hampton Institute and founded (be Institute at Tuskegce. At his death, Tuskcgee had 1500 slu- denls and an endowment of two million dollars. .It has been said that "famous men in history seem to us poetic becauxc they are Uicre. But if we should .tell the simple truth about our neighbors — it would .sound like poetry" . . . Clearly, the famous and the unknown live amid heaps of illusions. Conceit deludes the famous as the others arc fooled by anolher tracherous characteristic — envy. Fame doesn't always sing with the angels; neither docs it follow the devils . . . Fame has a billcr-sweet quality. Journalistic glory was once graphically defined by editor Henry WaUerson's verse: "A mount! a little higher graded . . . Perhaps upon a stone a chiseled name . .-. A dab of .printer ink soon blurred and faded . . . And Ihcn oblivion — that, that, is fame." A cosmic ray study at Armour Research Foundation of the Illinois Institute of Technology uses "skyhook" balloons, because they are capable of extended, high altitude flights. HUBERT "Guess we're in for a severe storm, Hawkins. The barometer reads 29.4 and is falling, the wind is from the southeast—and the little man .came all the way out of the houa«." I'ulilUhed lUUr except »Mndnj and kolld«r* ky I'lmnln-Trlliune Co., Inc., SIT EmX'BronrfWK)-, T/OKlmiiiiorl, Ixillnnn. Bnlered i>» xcnontl cl««« nuilter'Kt the voit n>ftce •« L«Knii>in»rt, I»d., Kniler tke act of Mnreh S, MKMBBR AVD1T Bl'llKAV OF CIRCVLATIONS AND UNITED PItBSS Natloxal AdTirtlnlmc R«pr«»UtlTi> "NEW SHOES! What happened to the pair I gave htt that I found in the movUwf'