Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on December 4, 1957 · Page 29
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 29

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Logansport, Indiana
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Wednesday, December 4, 1957
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Page 29
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Wednesday Evening, December 4, 1957. Russ Scientist Claims Great Gains in Cosmic Ray Study Editors Nolc-. The fallowing dispatch has been written exclusively for United Press by one of Russia's foremost scientists. He is Dmitri ShcW-'Itsyn, since 1951 director of the Institute of Physics in the USSR Academy Sciences. By DMITRI SKOBELTSYN (Written For United Press) MOSCOW (UP)— The year Iflfj? has been marked by two major events in the history of Soviet science, particularly :m physics. One was the creation and launching of the first and second Sputniks which caused a stir throughout DAZZLER—Princess Margaret is shown dazzling students at the North Staffordshire university college in Keele, where she danced in this very low-cut gown. The gown is of ice-blue satin, (International) the world. The second concerns a completely different set of problems_ and is also of international importance I refer to the commissioning of the 10 billion electron volt proton-synchrotron or accelerator at Dubna on the outskirts of Moscow. Last April the acccl^ erator, the only one of its kind in the world, produced proton j particles with a record energy ofj 10 bev (billion electron voltsi. These are in effect artificial cosmic rays. The particles provide science with new tools for delving deeper into the secrets of the atom':i nucleus. To obtain them, it was necessary to build a tremendous ringshaped electric magnet weighing 36,000 tons. - Better Than Ours The giant new accelerator surpasses two similar installations Derating in the U.S. in size and energy of its particles. It is a great landmark in the histo-y of science. And the launching of the two Sputniks opens new paths for science. Complex machines such as the accelerator are being built to study the phenomena in a field that may be called the "micro- vyorld" — a world of. inconceivably small space and time. This is the world of the recently discovered particles of matter, the so-called mesons, typerons and "anti-particles." On the other hand, the appear- streams' intensity. Distorts Picture Observations carried bout:by instruments r in the atmosphere are inadequate because, even 'the comparatively thin atmospheric .layer which separates these instru- | ments from cosmic space distorts-j the entire picture in many ways. | This is where the Sputniks i come in.' By penetrating beyond! the limits of the atmosphere into eosmic space they have opened up entirely, new vistas for cosmic rsearch. The first observations of th cosmic rays by instruments in Sputnik II hav already been received and will soon be deciphered and studied. The past and future observations of cosmic rays and other radiation in cosmic space are only the beginning, and only part, of-an extensive program of scientific r'ese.arch which the Sputniks will make possibe. ' In the future, and perhaps net too distant future, we will be able to test a number of physics problems of fundamental importance such as Einstein's general theory of relativity. GERMAX JEWS RETURNING - DUES3ELDORF, Ger. (UP)— About 2,000 Jews a month have returned to Germany during the last year, it was reported today. Logansport, Indiana, Pharos-Tribune Five Heinz Galinski, president of thejened by the Nazis. Mojt el MM German^ Jewish Association; said returnee:; are leaving new homei all are former German citizens I in Isral and South America tt who fled their homes when threat-1 come back to Germany, he said. THE BOUNTY'S HULK FOUND—Luis Marden, wearing a self-con- .tained diving apparatus, examines remains of the famed British ship Bounty, which he found off Pitcairn island. The Bounty, made famous by the story "Mutiny on the Bounty," was scuttled in 1790. The objects being examined by Marden, National Geographic writer-photographer, are along line of the keel. They include an oarlock and rudder pintle line. (International) space, contain not only nuclei of : Ihydrogen atoms (protons) also atomic nuclei of a number but beginning of a new era in the study of the cosmos. nl ^p^?.c«£SS ft" " h - »** -^ p articlcs tremendous speeds, which con-^ Physicists have long been using stantly penetrate the borders oti sueh natural high energy parli- thc earth's atmosphere. These are des ! " """ cosmic rays can bring science tremely valuable information on the origins of these rays, especially from observation of the fluctuation and variation of the Read the Classified Ad:s confidential CASH LOANS quickly! 500' Open Wednesday Afternoon 226 S. Third St., Logansport 2855 For the person who has everything' Give an additional telephone... in color... is Christmas. Available in 10 lovely shades, they blend attractively with kitchen*bedroom, den or playroom decor ... mean more convenience, privacy, protection all year long. Choose a color to suit their fancy. Gift wrapped. Order through our Business Office. GENERAL TELEPHONE COMPANY OF INDIANA, INC. d Memlt&i 0^ One a^ tlta Qleat Q(Htuntuiuxdi>tni. Stf^tetKi mainly protons whos average speed in this area equals 10 bev— the same as in the proton synchrotron we have now built. Source In Space This stream of particles, whose the in tiny quantities to observe phenomena of the micro- world. 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