Dayton Daily News from Dayton, Ohio on August 22, 1939 · 1
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Dayton Daily News from Dayton, Ohio · 1

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Tuesday, August 22, 1939
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DAYTON'S UJIREPHOTO NEWSPAPER BAYTOf DAILY NEWS ONLY AFTERNOON PAfER IN DAYTON RECEIVING ASSOCIATED TKESS NEWS AND WIREPItOTO SERVICE HOME! EDITION vol lxiii.no. i. THF WFATMFP Cl"u7 imw tltM! Ii4mu It XL, TI tr I i IL. ,,,,, n,ialJ,4 p. DA'iTON, OHIO, TUESDAY, AUGUST 22. 1939 Mailer, fuMfdra, lmiuii, (I, 20 PAGES PRICE THREE CENTS n azi-oovie it As Ti errinc nonaggression i reaty is ow To France El G rea Vi ewe nta in Mrs. Gilbert Wins Women's Target Title American Is Placed Under State Control The American Loan and Sav- B BEN (iAHI.IKOV With Mrs. Lda Hall, the comely Strasburg, Mo., defending champion confined to her hotel room with a kidney ailment and a temperature, Mrs. William Gilbert, 27-year-old newly-wed lrom Madison, Wis., Tuesday captured the Women's Clay Targets chamDionshin of ings association was taken over j North America, one of the three for complete liquidation by the , feature events on the second state building and loan depart-inual Grand Amcrican trap. mrnt under orders issued by I shooting tournament at Van- Valia field. . Mrs. Gilbert, making her first j appearance at the "Grand," won the title from a field of 22- with a I 98x100, The distance was cut in P- m- half this year after Mrs. Hall won Clair Summons, Dayton real the crown last season for the estate and insurance a"ent was lourin scraint lime Wlin i-"--cstdte ana msur.mcc aecnt, wasj Meanwhilef Joe Hicstand of Hills. boro, the mens defending champion and winner of the North American crown last year for the third time in his last four tries, was one down to the half-dozen leaders at the half-way mark, with 99x100. Men still shoot at 200 targets. Charles II. Jones, Ohio commerce director, Tuesday. The order became effective at 2 named liquidation agent, and Attorney Philip It. Becker, of the firm of CooLidge and Becker, was appointed special counsel for Attorney General Thomas Herbert. The American Loan and Savings association has been in gome form of liquidation since Sept. 20, 1933. The action of the state Tuesday relieves the directors of their offices and places the institution in the same category as that of the Mutual Home and Savings association, with the state in complete charge. Pact Seen As Accelerating Nazi Demands BV inns P. LOCHMCR BERLIN, Aug. 22. UP) The, momentous "hand shaking'1 between Germany and! Russia was seen by Germans today as having the effect of accelerating nazi determination to regain not only "war lost" Danzig but all the rest of present-day Poland which once was Austrian or German. From the German viewpoint the outlook shapes up this way: Poland is now "surrounded" by German troop3 from the eastern border of Slovakia via Bohemia and Moravia up to the Baltic. Germany, moreover, has non-aggression pacts with all other neighbors of Poland, meaning that they will not attack Germany in rase she decides to move into Poland. The dream of England and France that Russia might join them in the event of an attack on Poland by Germany is held here to have been shattered. England and France may regret that their military mission told the Russians what they have to offer Importance Of Pact Doubted By Washington WASHINGTON, Aug. 22. C'P) Observers close to the state department expressed belief today that the proposed new non -aggression treaty between Russia and Germany would be in effect the same as a pact already in existence and therefore "not so important as it first appeared. After receipt here of unofficial information on what the new treaty will contain, these persons also expressed the opinion that it docs not rule out the conclusion of a pact of mutual assistance between Soviet Russia and Britain and France. ' In some informed quarters it was believed that Germany was delighted to announce a new agreement at this time because of its possible effect in forcing a settlement of the Danzig quesion, Russia, it was thought, might also expect to make diplomatic gains by the announcement in that she might frighten Britain into accepting her demands before con-elusion of the pact of mutual assistance. Count Jerzy Pofoeki, the, Polish ambassador, discussed the situa- roNTi.vi'i:n on 'mob' is, rou mn 4 TREATY IS VIEWED AS REVERSAL OF HITLER AND STALIN POLICIES - f 'erf:5i' r Here is Airs. William Gilbert, 27-year-old Madison, Wis., shooter, who broke 98x100 targets Tuesday to succeed Mrs, Lcla Hall of Strashurg, Mo., as the women's clay targets champion of North America in the Grand American trapshooting tournament at Vandalia field. Six gunners posted perfect 100 scores as half the field of 305 reported at lunch time. They included Art Carmody, Trenton, Neb.; Ralph Leist, Pataskala, O.; C. F. Morgan, Corning, O.; P. O. Harbage, West Jefferson, O.; C. A. Gunning, Lnngmont, Col., and J. D. Clay, Houston, Tex. Mrs. Gilbert has been shooting only a year, Aug. 16 being the first anniversary since she picked up a gun to compete in the scatter-gun sport. Married in January, she considers this tournament an extension of her honeymoon. Coming here without a gun, she picked up the first one-she found in one of the ammunition companies' tents, and went out to splinter all but two targets. That 98 is her best score ever, only a few weeks ago she won the rO.NTIM Kn ON MOB IS. COI.I MN ( fO.VTIM ON MOB IS, rot.I'MN Describe Soviet Action As Defeat For Chamberlain BV t. C. ST A It K LONDON, Aug. 22. CPlSoviet Russia's surprising about-fare in policy to join Germany in a nonaggression pact was described in most British political circles today as a major blow to the British-French front at a critical turn in European affairs and a personal diplomatic defeat for Prime Minister Chamberlain. Political critics of the prime minister called the new development a direct sequel to his former policy of "appeasement" and Russia's revenge for her treatment by the western powers during last year's Czechoslovak crisis and her exclusion from the Munich conference. The immediate question raised in political quarters, apart from the military effect on British- liberal conservatives to hasten a pact with this World War ally. He was told also that eontinufd British "snubbing" of Russia, as his political critics expressed it, might eventually drive Russia into the arms of Germany with disastrous consequences for the western powers. Russian alignment with Britain and France was a highly contro- Paris Asserts Soviet Parley Will Continue PARIS, Aug. 22. (TP) French foreign office officials announced today the Anglo-Franco-Itussian military conversations in Moscow would continue despite the announcement of the German-Russian non-aggression pact negotiations. The announcement preceded the emergency cabinet meeting called this afternoon which is to put the finishing touches to a chain of military decrees enabling France's armed forces to meet any eventuality. The superior war council met this morning briefly as it has frequently during the crisis. Many military precautions, routine in time of crisis, already have been taken, but how many men were under arms remained a M'ar ministry secret. At the foreign office an official said that "there is no reason why the. staff talks between Britain, France and Russia should not continue" and that they "will go on." Officials made no secret of the fact they were shocked bv the news CONTINl BI ON MOB IS, OM'MV S V: y H T - ! V -v"? I i , - 'I 1 r- ; r a JOSEF STALIN ADOI.F HITLER LONDON', Aug. 22. MB A complete about-face, startling and full of possibilities in turning the course of future events, apparently is involved in the pact of non-aggression which Germany and Soviet Russia have announced they proposed to negotiate. The pact would make passive' friends at least of nazi and soviet regimes which have attacked each other bitterly with tirades, against "Jewish bolshevism" and shouts of "facist aggression," Uncompromising foe of communism and all kinds of international socialisms, Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany on a program of uniting the nation against "reds." In power, he became one of the world's bitterest enemies of communism and the Soviet dictator, Josef Stalin. At the Nuernberg nazi party congress Sept. 12, 19.'!(i, he spoke in longing words of Soviet Russian territory "if we had the Urals, if we possessed Siberia, if we had the Ukraine, national socialist Ger many would he swimming in surplus prosperity." While he did not say Germany had any intention of taking the Ukraine, his words were interpreted as meaning Germany had not forgotten the treaty of Brest-Litovsk of March .1, 1918, when she came into power over that territory as well as most of the territory that is now Poland and the Baltic states and naturally might not be adverse to holding sway there again if the opportunity presented itself. Long before the September crisis of 19:!S that ended in the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia, nazi Germany pictured the destruction of state as necftssiiry for rONTI.NI KD ON MOB 17, I Ol.l MN 1 London Paper Ask If There'll lie War ONDON, Aug. 22.-r "Will there be war?" in thick black letters, glared up from newspaper placards at Londoners bound for work this morning this was the News-Chronicle poster. "Comrade A. Hitler: Moscow Sensation," read a poster advertising the Daily Express. Other placards read: "Ribberi-trop, going to Moscow" for tho Daily Telegraph; "Soviet-nazi jubilation" for the mid-day Standard and "nazis and Russia, world fears," for the Evening Star. NAZI-SOVIET PACT CASTS SHADOW OVER EUROPE 7 French pledges to aid Poland in , throu.,hut the ClMA crisis event of aggression against her, j t ,.f was the political consequences for '" ' p d th(i f((rmpr the Chamberlain government, ; O.echo-Slovakia were linked in Long before negotiations opened ' mutual assistance, treaties under a' Moscow in April for a triple i which Russia was to go to CWho-.ilianro r,f Rritnin. Franc and Slovakia's aid only if Fiance Rusjia. Chamberlain had been ! chose to do so. I pressed by aimott the whole r,f his I At the height of the crisis, Brit-political ojipwiiion and by many j coviimbd on mob i. colcmx t BALTIC STATES MAY PALL TO SOVIET MOSCOW & O V. I K R U S .S.I A . , . : r - V ? X T BERLIN 4 s ) a v t? Ar a vvHi i n i. a isrn IJIXKMHOHRO - C .' 'tM ( GERMANY MASSkb 7., MAyVi-vvi 1919 wo FRANCK MEN A NO BIG h VATX I UKKAINiV fjj GUNS HIRE SXS - CORSICAfJ V .pjlULGARIAf n ic( POO lodlSARVlNJA V. Ltf f'? U lM)F.HH.fA 1 BUuk I Sett HRUI'jH MAY I OS I HACK DOOH TO POI AN!) K K K Y Ml LPS UM'I'.ANI I I Parliament Is Expected To Be Called Soon LONDON, Aug. 22. (TP) An emergency session of the British parliament was forecast in informed political quarters today as Britain and France considered their positions in the new European situation created by the projected German-Russian nonaggression pact. Both the labor and liberal parties have made strong representations to the government to call parliament back from recess, it was understood, and a decision was expected at this afternoon's cabinet meeting. If the decision is favorable both houses probably will meet Thursday. Both France and Britain received the news of the proposed Germnn-KiisHum pact as a terrific blow, but they cautiously awaited further details before making any comment. (Under a non-npgrewmm pact, each country would undertake not to fight against the other. Germans tints take the development to mean a heavy blow to Britisti-Freneh efforts to negotiate n mutual assistance pact with Russia and a strengthening of their position against Poland in the dispute over Danzig.) Official circles in Paris and London indicated no action was plannedimmediately, at least to break off British-French-Russian military staff talks now going on in Moscow. The British cabinet was scheduled to meet at 2 p. m. (9 a. ra. c. s. t.) and the French cabinet planned to meet two hours later. Fan's and London were centers of intense diplomatic activity. Downing Street was packed with curious crowds who watched ministers and foreign affairs experts entering and leaving the prim minister's residence, Hope was expressed in some 1 quarters that tho proposed Ger man KUKHian pact might be phrased in such a way as to permit tho Soviet Union to join llritain and France In the tri-powcr mutual assistance pact which has been under negotiation for more than two months. It was pointed out that Russia now has a non-aggression agreement with Italy providing that the pact would become vuid in the event one of the signatories committed aggression. Such clause, it was said, might be included aUo in the German-Kussian pact, If this should prove to be the cane, the present situation might not be greatly disturbed. There was fear In some quarters, however, that tho pact might be su.'h that It would exclude Russia from the British-French front. Among the callers at 10 Downing Street were Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax, Home Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare, Air Minister Sir Kingsley Wood, Sir Robert Van-sittart, chief diplomatic adviser to the government, and Sir Alexander Cadogan, permanent undersecretary for foreign affairs. Halifax talked with the prime minister for an hour and a half. Another caller was Stanley M. Bruce, Australian high commissioner. While Halifax was with Chamberlain the German charge d'affaires, Dr. Theodore Kordt, visited the foreign office, but it was not learned immediately what his mission was. Official circles, both in Paris and CONTINUE ON MOB . t'Ol.l.HN 1 Today's News Features Angelo Patrl i Comics 8, 9 Cross Word I'uzzlc... R News Sidelights 8 Editorials 4 Hetty Fairfax 6 Markets-Finance 16, 17 Alice Hughes 6 Hugh Johnson ,,, 4 Grantland Rice 13 Radio 5 Travel Time Tables 9 Serial Story 9 Society 7 Sports 12, l.'i Theaters 15 Washington Merry-Go-Round. 4 Women's Page 6 Wirephoto ....10 Ribbcntrop On His Way To Sign Pact , BERLIN, Aug. 22.-W) Nazi Gjermuny rushed today toward conclusion of a nonagrgrcs-sion pact with Soviet Russia a diplomatic "putsch" that startled all Europe. Te move Upset the whole structure of the tense middle European situation, apparently nullified four months of effort by Great Britain and France to get Russia into their bloc of nations and greatly weakened the position of Poland, on whose frontier German troops were massing. Disclosure that Germany and Russia long proponents of rival political systems were preparing: an agreement not to fight each other was made in Berlin and Moscow late last night by brief announcements of the respective official newg agencies. "The government of the reich and the Soviet government hav decided to conclude a nonaggression part with each other," said the German news agency, DNB, in London. "The reich minister of foreign CONTIM'MI ON MOB IS, COLIM t Baseball Schedule B lilt ASMIIUA IUU fKbtHt NATIONAL LEAGUE Cincinnati at Philadelphia, partly cloudy, 2:ir) p. m. (broadcast by WIIIO). Chicago at New York, clear, 2:15 p. m, St, Louis at Brooklyn, clear, 2:00 p. m. Pittsburgh at Boston, cloudy, 2:00 p. m. AMERICAN LEAGUE New York at Chicago, clear, 8 :.'!(! p. m. Washington at Cleveland, cloudy, 8:.'!0 p. m. Philadelphia at Detroit, clear, 3:00 p. m. Boston at St. Louis, clear, 4 p. m. Britain And France Plan Air Force Aid To Poland LONDON', Aug. 22, 'jT1 A "shuttle service" by bombing planes ! across Germany was believed by foreign military experts today to be the most striking plan of British-French action to help Poland in I event of war over Danzig. Many suppose the British,- French and Polish general staffs, quietly devising a new European war strategy, have worked out a plan for virtually continuous round trip raids on Germany. Germany's own "Blitzkrieg" (lightning war) theory of air attack might be met with sudden, devastating raids on German plane and munition factories. Britain and France probably would concentrate on air force assistance. Poland wedged between nazi Germany and Soviet Russia has a trained, well-equipped army of around 1,000,000 men. Many observers believe it could hold a German land advance days, weeks, or even months. Tacticians pointed out, however, the new German-Soviet agreement Starting from French bases ' British and French planes would ; wnl,,j complicate the problem of Kiubv meir ooiiioB over unrman), aid from lintain ana r ranee, par-! fly on to Poland, refuel and reload j tiettlarly if the agreement ex- with bombs, and make another j eluded Russia from furnishing ! raid over Germany on the way ; supplics to a foe of Germany. i ""'k' . i Some observers believe Britain big bomb and gasoline reserves mignt try t0 Mp an expeditionary " . " ! '"'us" l force to Poland from Palestine, 'Ti M IHU'IIOTO : believed established in Poland. LONDON, Aug. 22 new nnn-aggrcs-ion pact projected between Germany and Ruisia today pro-aged possible partition of Poland, which has been defjing Germany on the Danzig and Polish Corridor question-. If would be the fourth nartili'm for Poland, territorial origins of which are seen tin this map. Speculation a raised that the Soviet might regain llcsarahia, Bulgaria to take the Dobruja territory, Hungary might regain Tran) hanig and the Soviet take the Baltic states, llalv, which ln has a non-aggression part with Russia, has historic claims on the Dalmatian coast. If Kngland wanted to fight for Poland she "iild have a hark d'r through the Black Sea into Rumania unless Russia closed tt, , where approxl mate ly 100,000 Because most experts agree the i ,.ri,ivi. .i,i,, , ctaH,",ned. jiMtial phases of "the next war" proU.ctcd by Britain's powerful will be fought in the air, and be- Mediterranean fleet, these observ. j rauHft to get land forces into Po- ' en MV troop ships could skirt the I land would take her friends with ' 'ft difficult strategic jrubltm, I covriMto ox mge s, fouus

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