The Evening Post from New York, New York on August 31, 1835 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

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ORKAT ASTRONOMICAL W6COVKKIES LATELY MADS V 8IK JOIIK HKHiH lif.LI., L. L. D. F. R. 8. C. tr thi etrt dp ood miri. irroni Huppwuwnt to th Winbursh Journal of 8eiene - l 1 tl '....l...! I Bui w. hrcl not far lo .eeli for iBhabiimnn of lhr V.I of lb. Triad. Immediate! on the outr border of iba wood which surrounded, al tha diataaca ol nan a m,,, lb enMO.nee which lb rim of the '"'" aiaod, w. saw everal detached aamtIi of beings whom we instantly recognrsed lo b of ih same ,oet,e i our wi .gsd friend, ol Ruby Colceum, 'We lak. Lai.p - .roa. H.. admsted . mU".. f . mioui. ...m - nalion. . .ound Uiat ... v ad vidu... m in... tjKr - S m rTarr. of'"u.r"r.c:. Th.y wer. ratl u m oirualik gourd. cni.oy engag. - : - - . - - , - ',. Autoi W1, ,. oico inej y throwing cu THE EVENING POST. MON OAT. AUGUST SI. For President, MARTIN VAN BUB EN. Tor Vice President, RICHARD M. JOHNSON. tot,, an - i ... wuh r.;h.r u.ou - h y. thro. - .1 - . a irr red fniU. shaped I. y.bi had of... haT.oTa broad dark leaf, ''" ' h"P' ,h Wn r. Lvrr.l of lb. f.... . l th. only .. u!r ai.rad lomak.'fl a. aueainf it. juice, after rullmillKlwc. b P JMl "'bb,"' .. j Ti.., mmJ io b. eminently happy, "d whir, for w. . ' "'" ". "dividual, .nling earcat th pile of fruit, .elect lb. UrgMl and bright. mi .peeiiu.u, nd throw mens archwise across tlia circle to sum oppoait friend or associate who I. ad .xlr.cl. ad ib. nutriment from I hoi. acailucd around him, a at whico war unfreuuanlly not a (.. Whiltl .hut engaged .. ,k, .ural banuueie. or in .oci.l converse. Ihey Mere alwav satd with their knee. Bat upon Ib. turf, and ih.ir leet brought evenly tufrth.r mlb. form of a Irian - gi. And fur ni. rnyweriou raon or other ihi. figur. u.Bi.d to be an novcial lavourM. among thrm : kr . luuiid that every group r .octal Crete arranged mc.f in inu) ha.e belor. it dispersed, which wa. generally dona at ih. amnal of an nidin)ual who ai.pp.d into in. cenir. aJ brvumt hi. band, over hi. head in an acui. angle. At llu. ngnal eacb rn.niber of the compaor eiiendea hia arm forward ao a. lo fvria an acui. horiiontil ar gl. will) th .kirt mil of the bnger. Bui Ihia wa. not khe only proof we had thai ih.f were creature of order and subordination. W. had on opportunu. of .eeinx them actually rngaged in any work ol industry or art ; and ao tar a. we could judge, lhay ipurM their lipiV hour in collecting yanou Iruiia in Uie wood, in catine. rlruie. hathinr. aud loiier - . tog about upon ibe aummii ol prcripiee, Bui lihough aviden'ly the highctt urder of annuel in Ihi rich valley, they were not 11. oil t occuuan'. Mo.t of ill ol her annual which we had discovered eiwhr, in very dmaat region, were cullectrd here I and also ai ieasi ciftbt or nine new aprcie of quadruped. Th inot auraclive of there wa a tall white aug will) lofty aureadinn anilrr black aa ebonv. Wa acveral tunc saw Ihn elrvant rre ura iroi un io lha saaird uartie uf th aemiiunian being I have ducribed, aad Wo b nerba;. cloae be. id them, wilhont th. lea.l iiiunitroa - lion of fear on ila Dart, oruf notii.e on then, 'i'he uni - An article on Mr. Van Burcn in connexion with tha lubject ol the abolition of alavery we copy this afternoon, in eilenso, from the Richmond.Wbi" of the 25th inatant, although that print ha. not entitled it.eif to Buch courtesy by its treatment of this journal. Our reiders may remember that on the S4ih ol the present month we made full and can did reply to an interrogatory of the Richmond hig aa to whether the Evening Pot wa. to he considered, on the subject of Mr. Kendall' letter, the organ of Mr. Van Buren, and expressing his sentiment We assured the Richmond Whig that this paper is in no sense the organ of Mr. Van Buren, or of any other man or set of men, save only its editors, on the subject referred to, or on any subject , that it is in no private communication with him ; that it know s his sentiments only through publick chan nel, and that he has no more connexion, direct or indirect, with the Evening Tost, than the editor of the Richmond Whig himself whom we may add, we never raw in our lives, never heard mentioned in private discourse, and of whom wo know not a pyllables good, bad, nor indiflerent, save wh derived from an occasional perusal of bis journa , long wholly intermitted and but recently re.umed, and from the comments upmi him as connected witn that journal, which we surnames meet with m other ! ' a . .u. Ri - hmond Whig died upon ustokTw how far th..cnt,men.of Mr. Van Buren were to bo considered a. represented by this journal, we had a right to expect that, as a bare act of justice both to Mr. Van Kuren and ourselves, it would copy our reply, if we had not asked it to do ao, much more when it was made a matter of special rcqueat. That paper, however, has not cliosen to comply with our reasonable demand, un tne con trary, with our full and explicit contradiction before less. Abai - quite as if be were the incarnate , and virtue of Virginia her - v.r.ia..olam.iaiine aUcla.i.oiiu...r! . - .,,.. : . jrM , h mnaidered as I oi - . I, 1 1 nab ww aw j anil lha k lua... ... rmarrTUlJl Of oua apecie, gav. u the moat rt - hned plecure,and uuu - 1 ()ie OJM 0f ymrl Buren, It quotes a passage ZZ,,C.a:i'!..": ? !hlt - a - or?d C' Tver agam whe n I ! from the Evening Vot of a sohsequent date, calling "ay th blue vault aud b: he umut 1,h,' 1 us hi mouth - pitct ind favourite organ. recall the aceneiof beaaiy, granueur, . - i " ... L m a Uad Haa - LIu I bsheli1, upon her orUc,wii 'a Ut'ouiH a glaa qaraiy. but race lo lace j" and never a.in . ..... - . our Ibrtc noble now : . "Meek Dian' crctt "Sail tbrougli the awire air an laland of ihe bUal," without eiulling in aiy knowing ol in truth." Willi lim care ul mapectiun ol this insirUCtive val'ey, and a wisntilic ciaaiitiration of it aoima I, vegetable, and mineral proJuclioiif, tho aoronotner. clotd their labour lor lliu Mf ht . labour raiher menial than phyai - eal, and oppreaiv Ironi Hie extreme eicuemnl wnich thuy naturally induced. A unyular circumaUnco occurred th null Cay which threw the trleacope quite out ol ue lor nearly a wenk, by which lime the moon could l no longer obeerved that inonlh. The great In.a which w uaually lowered during the day, and placed lioriuntally, i ad, 11 1 true, been lowered aa uaual, but had been mconaideraiely left in a perpendicular position. According y, ahorily after unriae '.he neat mori.ing, lir. Herachel and hi aaaiatanu. Dr. Grant and Meaars It is hence we say, that the Richmond Whig has not entitled it.ell to thecouttesy which we now ex lend to it in copying its article at full lengtik But the master we serve is honour, and the cause we seek to advance is that of truth. We are not afraid, if the Richmond Whig in, to let both aides be heard We have received Martin Van Buren as our candidate for the chief office oi the Government from i sincere conviction of the soundness of his political principle, the value of his pjblick services, the force of his talents, the consistency of his life, and the excellence of his character. If we have been deceived in any fundamental point it is not yet too late to renounce him. II he is a hypocrite, if he entertains Ururaniond and Home, who slept in a bungalow erected ; designs at variance with the true interests of the a short distance Ironi the obaerv.iory circle, were - 1 conluderacy, let the fact be made manifest, and katiM.I Ik at ih. I !! ahr.lll. n.1 wn.e I ! ti latinuf ti.l rln. nieaticaied llotentot, (who were paa.ing with their .( though it were the eleventh hour, we would, so far en to agricultural labour) that ihe ' big huuao" waa on ! as this journal is concerned, cast him oft to beggar - fire ! lit. Herachel leaped out ol bad from hi brief I . . , . ... r .. , r lumbers, and ur. enough, aaw hi observatory enveloped in a cloud ot amoko. Luckily it had been thickly covered, within and without, with a coat of Uouian piaster, or it wuutd mevilatily have been dealroyed wiin all it invaluable content.; bui, a it wa, a bole h fie en leel in circuiufereuce had been burnt cimplelely through Ihe ' redacting chamber" which wa attached lo Ihe Sid. of th. obaervatury neare.i ihe lens ; through Ihe canvas held on which had been exhibited ao many won - dra lhat will ever live in Ihe hiatory of inankinJ, and through ihe outer wail. Hit tierce wa tb concentration 04 in aolar ray thiough th. .tgaiitick lei... ihat a clujpof tree, standing in a line with thetu wa cut nn fir., and Ihe pluater ol the obaervalury walla, all round the orihco wa vitrified to blue glat. 1 he ten beiug almol immediately turned, and a brook of water being within a lew hundred yard, Ihe liiewaa.oon extmguili ed, but th. damage already done wa nut inconaiderable Themicrnacope .enaei, had lurtunalcly been removed for the purpose ol being cleaned, but several of the me - lalick rellectura were ao fuaed a lo be rendered uaele. Maun and carpentera were procured Irnm Cap. Town, with all poaaibi. daaua.ch, and m about a week the whole apparalu wa. .gain prepared for operation, Tb moon being now mviaibie. Dr. Herachel directed hi. uiquirie lolhe primary planet of the ytm, ana bral to th p:aoel baiuro. W ured not ay thai line f emaikajile glube has lur many age been au obcl of the niuel ardont aatrunuinical cuwiaiiy. Th. a.upenduu phsiHMiiena of it double ring having battled the cruiiny aud conjecture uf many generation ofaatio.iomera, waa finally abandoned a. uietpiicable. It i. wul known lhat Ibi planet la aiatioucd in the (yatem 800 mil urn. ol mil dialanl from ih aun, mid thai having ihe immenae diameier ul 79.UUU milu, it i more than 9UU nine largur than th - ' aarin. I a annual motion round the aun i mil acciMiipli.hed in leM thau iweniy - ma aud a hall ol our year., whiNl Ha diurnal rotation upon n a" I accom - pliaheil in lOh. I6iu. or conaiderbly loaa than hall of a lrrtrial day. It ha not lea than aeven mount, the suih and seventh of wh eh were diaeuveri - d bv Ihe c'der Htrachrl, in 1789. It i thwarted by mysterious b:l'a or bands ol a yellowieh tinge, and la sunoundsd bv a double ring ihe outer unaul whivn i 204,000 mnea in diameter. Th ou.aid diameter of the inner ring la 1 81,000 milea, and tho breaulh ol the outer one bring 7AJ0 wilua, ihe apace between them Is 2800 miles. The breadth of Ihe inner ring i much greater than that of ihe other, being 20,000 milea; and ita distance from Hi body ol Stature i more than 30,000. The ly divorcement. We are for the interests of Mr. Van Burcn no futther than they are the interests of truth. But so iar as the great questions before the American People are in issue we religiously believe them identical. Let us see whether the article of the Richmond Whig is calculated to change this belief. The first point which requires our notice, though we have no doubt it has ere this been ably answered by the Richmond Enquirer, is the charge that the persons and journals that have vindicated Mr. Van Burcn from the imputation of favouring the designs of the Anti - Slavery Society, have done so without his having been assailed in that particular, and with the dishonest purpose of drawing the attention of the south from the points where he is really vulnerable as respects the institution of slavery. In as far as dishonesty of motive is here imputed, it may perhaps be supererogatory to say a single word, since the names are given of two individuals as im plicated in the alleged artifice from whose cliaracters any such aspersion must pass oil as breath from polished steel, and leave them glittering in un tarnished lustre. Suspicion of political trick, not far romoved from positive falsehood, can never rest on the reputation of Silas Wright and Benjamin F. Butler. The characters of those men can Bland the test of Cirsat'a maxim : they are not only pure, but unsuspected ; and the Richmond Whig is not the Clodius that can divorce them from the confidence and esteem ol the publick. But while Silaa nirht and Mr. tiutler are shielded by their impregnable integrity from all suspicion ofheing concerned in tho low strategem im puted by the Richmond Whig, there aro stubborn r.t. in nlidnilanfM In .li.nrrtvA th rtiarm a niv ringa are opupj, but o thin that their edge has not " untu now bceu discovered. Sir John tierachal a muel pneu to ttiein, or to any timer person:., ui iu ojr inierriingd;acovry wi h regard to Ihi planet is the I Inendly to Mr. Van Buren. The "loud den.onairaied lact that Ihrae two rings are composed of I , , . thelragmen a ol two daalruyed worlds,formerly belonging io our aolar ayalem, and winch, on being eipioded, were gathered around the immense body of ciaiurn by Ihe attraction ol gravity, and yei kenl from filling lo it aur - face by the great ceulriiugal force created by ita eilraor - diuary rapidity on it axis. The inner ring wa therefor Uie hi at of thoae dealroyed worlda, (the former elation ol wnich in Ihe ayalem i demonstrated in thi arguments which we.ubjmn) which wa accordingly carried round by Ihe rotary lorce, and apread lorlh in ihe manner we seo " The outer ring 4 another world eipioded in fragments, attracted by tne law of gravny as in the lor - mar caae, auk kept Iroin uniting with tne inner rinj; by the centrifugal force ut the latter. But the latter having a (lower rotation than ihe pi a ei, has an inferiour ecu - Irilual force, and accordingly the space between Ihe loner nng and the body ot Saturn. Having ascertained tlie mean den. uy ol h ring, a compared with ihe density ol ihe planet, Sir John Herachel ha. been enabled to eri'ect the following beautilul demonn rulion. Which we ointi, as loo niaiaeiiialival lor popular comprehension. Ed. Hun Dr. Herachel clearly ascertained lhat these rings are composed ol l ucky strata, the skeletons ol former globe, lying in a stale ol wild and ghaaily confusion, bui not devoid ol mountains and seas. The belt across tho body ol Saturn, he had dWovered lo be the smoke ot a number of immense volcanoes, carried in these sira.ghi lines by the esieuse velocity ol Ihe rotary motion. (And these also, ho has ascertained to be the causes of in bel.s of Jupiter, iiut Ihe portion ol ihe work which la devoted to this aub - jeel, and lo tho otl.er pUnei a, aa a!ao thai which describe lb astronomer's discoveries among the 'ar, u compar - auvelv uniulereating lo geurral readers, however highly it might luiered other ul' acieutibca and mathematical acauiremenl. i. Hun ' It via. not uuiil Ihenew mooooftli. month of March, that the weather proved lavouiible to anv conliuucd eerica ol lunar obervalh.ns ; and Ur. Her - chel had been loo en. bunas. icallv aoaorbod in demon, strating bis brilliuul discoveries m tho southern constel lations, aad in coiulru ling the tables and cmaloj. ol his new stars, lo avail hunse.l of tne lew clear uighii which intervened. Un on ol these, however, Mr. Druinmond, myself, and Mr. Helmes made those discoveries near the Bay ol Kauibowa. lo vhich 1 have aome where briefly alluded The bav thus faticifullv denominated a a part ol tho northern boundary ol ilia first great ocean which I have latalv daicribcd i aud i marked iu the chart with the letter O. '1 be tract ot CJuntry which wa eiplored on ihi occasion is numbered 6, d, b, 7, in the catalogue,and the duel mjuiiuins lo which tlie.e numbers are allien cd, are .evet ally named Atlas, Hercules, Hcraehdea V.r... nod lleracli.lea Fautus. Suil tarlher to ine norm of the. Ih is.and circle called fythagorus. and num bered I ; aud yet nearer tho meridian line i. ihe inoun - laiuu district marked C, and cat ed the Land ol Urouj'it, and U, Ihe Land of Hoar Frost ; aud certainly the name otlhe latter, however theologically boalowod, w oot not altogether inapplicable : for the lop of it very lofiy mountain were evidaully covered with snow, though the valley aurroundmg Idem were loeiuing with Ihe lux. unant fertility of midaummer. But the region which we nr particularly inspected wa that of Herachde Fal - au, (No. 7,) in weich we found everal new specie of all of which were horned an J of a white gray colour; and ib. remain of thn. ancient triangular temple which had long been m ruin. We thence traveraed ihe eoaoiry ouihasterly until we arrived al.a (No 6,) and w Was i one of lha noble valiiea al the loot of till moun tain thiw, ,he yerf iuut;rior species of Ihe Ves - In stature Ihey did not exsel tho. Iat I'V"1 wereof miiuitely greater personal VJ. ed m our eve carcly le lovely ......,.V". eelation.ol angels bv the more l - iTT . - kT. ? U Wm.era. Their social economy ,"h" . , ' .VV. '" or creraoaie. eiactly 5 .r.Ej25 & PX .. iw h ' bai detailed account IT . ,r aiural kistors ol thw I This conclude, th. supplement. ,w .. of forty pag ofillu.ir.u. and nuiihVl!!' ,cPl," which would greatly enhance Ihe siae edw!51 ! 0,,, work, without commensuraWy adding t iu geainXj,,,"" A nw Steamboat of great power and beauty i n, t....u.n. .a ihiacliv. under th direction ofCaptam W Coautock, to run aetwewi this city aad Provident. k. .. 4isi i..i ui HMic'n. by 191 in breadib, 700 Ions bur. the, aad is to be runted H Maacliusita" in honour f the Bay ttats. lament" which the Ktchinond V hig asserts is raised to distract publick attention the false fires which it pretends are kindled to " obfuscate the publick vision" are nothing more, in plain prose, than btief, categorical and manly refutations of slanders promulgated in the opposition papers, on which the changes have been rung for months and year, past, and are now ringing, as loudly and inces santly as if the utter falseness ol the alarm had not been unequivocally and unanswerably exposed, No observing man can be ignorant of the fact, no honest man can deny it, that certain leading pa pers of the opposition arc, every day, in one form or another, charging Mr. Van Burcn with being connected with the Abolitionists and lavouring their designs. The Richmond Whig itselt has laboured hard to produce such an impression. The United States Telegraph has been assiduously engaged in the despicable altem pt for two years past. The Evening Star, which is stayed by no falsehood and shamed by no exposure, is engaged in the dirty work day after day, now copying a lie from another journal, then inventing one for itself, at one time firing otTavoily of squibs, and at another con cen tratingita ammunition for the discharge of a single article filled with all manner of hints, inuendocs, calumnies end lies, and closely resembling, indeed in the character of its contents, the it in It - pot of pi ratical warfare. To counteract, as far as the native force of sim pic unadorned truth might do so, the effect of these continual slanders, a statement was elicited from Mr. Wright and Mr. Butler, with regard to Mr, Van Buren1 opinions on certain points of peculiar interest v the aoutli. These, and the repetition of mem irotn ume to time by the journals which the Richmond Whig has named, constitute the " pathos anu nathos tow,ich it now refers with such copious variety of dcr taive epithet, and the obluscatory mien ton oi wnich it deprecates with ao much more earnestness thin honesty. The sole intention was, U' haVA atalad i. - . , . s,.c , an auUienllcK lonn, Mr. Van Burcn' real sentiments on points in rela - . . I " l I . 1 la . uon io wnicn no naa oeen much misrepresented. and in the guilt of which misrepresentation the Richmond Whig had largely participate W are glad it now seems disposed to do Mi. Van Buren justice on the points in question. We now come to the new ground from which Mr. Van Buren is to be assailed, in order to create a prejudice against him in the south. "Wr.s he not in (avour of the Missouri restrictions," we are asked ; and we sliall take the liberty of referring the Rich mond Whig for an answer to a letter pobhs bed in the Richmond Enquirer ot the 6th of Aprd last, and written by Mr. Butler by J3iW Butler, as it indecently nicknames one of tbe most estimable men of the present age a man as illustriods for his eirf una aa hi. talents a man at the mention of whose name even the Cerberus of party, until now, though it barked at every other on the political toll, hushedlits hellish yell, awed by the more than Or phean power of his unspotted fame. V e shall reier the Richmond Whig to the letter of that gentleman for Mr. Van Burcn's sentiments and conduct touching the Missouri question, and if that paper wul but publish the extract, we are stare that it will 40 - ay the prejudices of such of its readers as are and just, whatever effect it spay h on We desire not to transcend those limits of com I ing. lesy which are tne only wholesome restraints of discussion in offering a reply to the statement of the Richmond Whig, that this paper has reopened tbe Missouri question and claimed the right of Congress to LnUrdict slavery in Florida and Arkan sas, oa Ihe admission of those territories into tbe Union ; but wears compelled to deny the assertion in tbe direct est terms. No warrant for it whatever exists in our columns. If there be any, let it be produced. What coarse the state of New York pursued in relation to the question which convulsed the country on t'e admission of Missouri into the Union is not properly a matter in controversy, unless Mr. Van Buren can be shown lo be responsible for the sins of the state. Kso, we presume bis claim o credit for its eontrsry qualifies wUI be eqy mitted : and in that case it win not - - to disnut ahniil a neccadillo more or :n ;.. i,i. favour, we fancy, etIV - 5 Will apf ;BS large, to say the least, as personation ot tbe vices ir . ...i ,ha!len2ed "that Mr. Van Buren's - nTor.cUvepar. - - i - New Yor k, the Post a t . ,he hed, now formally uphold and defend tbe ri"bt of Congress to impose restrictions upon a .i it... is & j.n,.i r t..t " slate entering me uwwh. bera relates to the Evening Post has been already given ; but we are not disposed to mince matters, and therefore meet the challenge as it stands, deny it utterly, and call upon the Richmond Whig for its proof. The interrogatory which is put as to Mr. Van Buren's course in the Convention of this state, on a question of internal policy, is so wholly inimical to the doctrine of state lights, ihe favourite doctrine of Virginia, that we would fain hope it was asked in advertently, and will not be insisted upon. What ! Virginia, winch is so sore, and turns upon us so fiercely, if we do but allude to her " domestick in stitutions," if we do but syllable the name of slavery Virginia, to pry into our local affairs, to inquire how our cittiens voted on questions wholly included within the boundaries of our sovereignty why the thing is monstrous ! There must be some errour in it. The Richmond Whig cannot deliberately mean lo act so inconsistently, and to set an example hich may justify such narrow retaliatory inquisition into matters which she now considers hedged securely round by the defence of state rights Our answer respecting Mr. Van Buren's imputed agency in controlling lhedccis:on of the Baltimore Convention, as to the nomination ol a candidate for the office of Vice President, is anticipated by the Richmond Whig. In the face of the hard name that paper gives in advance to such an assertion we aver, without hesitatien, and with the utmo. con fidencf, lhat Mr. Van Buren had no lot or part in the matter. He may have known before hand, precisely as the Richmond Whig knew, whom the Convention would probably select ; a species of foreknowledge which every attentive and sagacious observer of publick sentiment in this country may always possess to a very considerable extent. He may have known it, too, not only from a careful notice of Ihe general course of publick opinion, but Irotn acquaintance with the particular predilections of leading delegates to the Convention; and, in so far, his prescience is perfectly compatible with the utmost purity and reserve, and even with absolute indifference as to the result. But to charge or intimation tha t the nomination of Colonel Johnson was the consequence of collusion or intrigue between Mr. Van Buren and tha National Convention, irectly or indirectly, or that it was brought about by improper agency, on his part, or the part oi any individual or faction, is an unfounded calumny, both on Mr. Van Buren and the honour - ble body implicated with him in the accusation. The men who composed the Baltimore Convention were men of honour. Never in our political history was there convened a more numerous and august assemblage of delegates, chosen by the spontane ous suffrages of the democracy, for the purpose ol reconciling diversities of personal predilections, and making a selection in support of which all might harmoniously unite, and thus preserve that integ rity of party so necessary for the accomplishment of the fundamental principles ot their distinctive creed. To charge such an assemblage, then, or the individual chosen by them as the democratick candidate for the first office in the Government, with the baseness and duplicity of private collusion to make this charge, too, without a tittle of evidence is, the Richmond Whig must excuse us for saying, an instance ol audacity which deserves a harsher name than we like to bestow on it. The character and qualifications of Richard M. Johnson are not properly connected with the present discussion ; or we might easily satisfy candid readers how little he merit tho vindictive denuncia tions which his Richmond opponent is disposed to shower upon him. We might advert to hia Ion course of publick services, both in the council and the field. We might allude to the various important measures in promoting which he has exerted au ef ficient instrumentality. We might pourtray the be nignity and pervading kindness of his disposition, the suavity of his manners, and the integrity of his hie. We might adduce, in proof of his worth, the general sentiments of esteem which are entertained for him sentiments which embrace the whole com niunity ot tho Union in their widest circuit, and, like circles in the water, growing more distinct as they enclose the central object in narrower rounds, ex hibit him, io his own congressional district ol Ten nessee, encircled with the affections of a unanimous Deot!e. as with an impregnable wall. But it is not in place to dwell on the merits of Colonel Johnson in this article ; and we therefore dismiss that branch of the subject by barely requesting the attention of the Richmond Whig to the paragraph concernin him copied into this day's paper irotn the Frankfurt Argus. The Richmond Whig appeals to our candour to say whether, situated as the south is, it would be wise to support Mr. Van Burcn ; and we shall answer its question with all that frankness with which we arc ever disposed lo meet such an appeal There was a time when we felt a lurking sentiment of unfriendliness to Mr. Van Burcn, a vague in difinite doubt of his integrity, a suspicion that he sought to attain hi. object by indirect approaches and through the mazes of intrigue. We analyzed this sentiment rigidly, and satisfied ourselves that it could be resolved into unfounded prejudice created by Ihe bold calumnies ol unscrupulous political op ponents. We examined Mr. Van Buren's history all there was open, honourable, patriotick aud wtae, We scrutinized his conduct: it was manly, ingen uous, and bold within the limits of that boundary which separates true courage from rashness. We watched him closely, and we may add anxiously. during a period of political excitmeiit unparalleled in our annals, a season of consternation and delu sion which startled peaceful men from their pro priety, turned friends into foes, and made the braves' " hold hut breath for a time." The demeanour of Mr. Van Buren was tranquil, hiscouree decided, he kept the even tenourol his way, neither allured to di verge by the prospect of selfish advantage, nor driven into any deviation by the terrours of those evil times. We assure th? Richmond Whig; in all candour and sincerity that the vague prejudices which we once anlertainad have been wholly dissipated by tbe influ - enctoftruih. Mr. Van Burcn has our confidence and respect. We hailed his noroinstion with s;reat joy. We support him with undissetnbled zeaL We be lieve he will be the President of the whole Confed eracy, influenced by an equal regard for the con.ti tutiooal right, and true interest, of every member of the fraternal league ; and that, by his administra ion, naught will be doae to weaken that unfdt tie oi brotherly feeling and concurrent prosperity, which now holds us together in the moat interesting politi cal union which tbe world baa ever beheld. from an authentick source, these questions arid j :J. doubts, and owe an apology to ue esteem vut.,.1 wtu. rurnuthed u. with them for having so long permitted oUiex ti - Sto tum our atlentn rJL V.. - .murication. Wa ive it now in his own words, only premising that the intelligence and rr ofoor correspondent may be fully relied upon in every part"1" - m.. Eerroaa or t Evmiso Post, I perceive, by .t.temenl. which I bay. lately noticed naper and other, that there are anme very er roneous opinion aflaat respecting the erection and pro ne, of the new Custom House. I deem it my duty lo lay before you such information as I pocses upon the subject, in order thai the publick mind may be relieved from any lalso impression, given lo il either by willul misstatement or idl. rumour. The insinuation, of your correspondent that the building " i purposely kept back" with a view to affect a change iu it. location, have no foundation in truth. Il is equally untrue thai the supposed delay ci tbe work is caused fin - srlbsh pur, poses by Ihe Commusiener. or upermiendent. There has been much exaggerated gossip relative lolhe amoun, pair: to tha Commuioners, Superintendent and others. I have several times beard it asserted that there were, aome have said our, others ur, and other again eigof Cew miinontTM under pay, al eight dollar, a day each ! Now all Ihia is idle conjecture, without a word of truth Iu it. I do not conceive il my place, or that it would be proper to state here the particular amount of compen sation allowed to this or that individual appointed to offi ciate in the erection of the Custom House ; but this much, 1 think, may with propriety be said, and I can slate it with certainty, that there a - e only three Commis sioner in appointment, and one Superintendent. The commissioners have a clerk al a moderate salary and the whole amount oi compensation allowed the commissioners and their clerk, together with Ihe pay to the auperinten - dent and master mason, doea not exceed the aum of hrxttfy dollar! fir day ! There is no other publick work going ea in Ike United Slates where the pay to the over seers and directors is not greater than is allowed to those who have charge of the erection of '.he new Custom House. Bui if the pay at this building were ten limes the amount it really is, it could not retard the work, under extstin circumstance, with respect lo the b iilders and those who furnish materials: because ihe mate rials and the chief labour for the building are al contracted for ; and the Commissioners have nol authority lo prevent those contracts going into effect and being fulfilled as fait a compatible with the nature of tbe work ; and what man in hi sense can for a moment suppose that it is not to the interest of the contractors to push forward as speedily as posiib'e in supplying both work and materials, that they may, from time to lime, receive their money agreeably to the stipu lations of their several contracts ? Their payments are all mads by instalments, according to the progress of the work. But why need I reason upon false premises, as sumad by ihoae who are totally ignorant a to what Ihey aaaerl ? There i not in reality any tardmxu or delay about the work of tha Custom House what ever. I know of no publick alructuro in the coun try, of like magnitude and character, thai his ad vancrd a fast as this building. Il is bu: lilt) more than a year since ibe contracts for the base ment were entered into, and the quarry al Mori - atna, from which the marble lor thia part ot in building m taken, was not al thai lime uncovered. Since then this quarry lias been opened, and more cubick feel of marble have been taken Irom its bed and wrought (all for the Custom Howe) than were ever known much more congenial lo her feelings and tas'.e. Yet the uSuaceof such a w.man dojs more lo dignify anu reSae Ih autge, and render it worthy of publick counte nance, uaa Ibe more brilliant power, of a thousand pert I mines who condescendingly cro. the Atlantic to allow ff their foreign air. and graces before us. Again was il not known to Mr. Van Buren, Silas . f,CP At a special meeting of the ENGINEERS r i and fUKr.iviiMN ot uie JNn,w iuku r ire. un. be quarrisd in the tame given time in this, or perhaps any other country. I find that people generally Save very limited idea respecting the character and magnuude of this edifice. Comparisons have been made between il gtowth and that of the Alor Hotel, and attemp'.s have also been made to draw a parallel between the eleCients and magnitude of the Iwo buildings. The very idea of a parallel in their construction i ridiculous. The wall of the Hotel are are all built in the very cheap and common mode of piling up bricks, and veneer ing ihem over upon the eiluriour with thin slabbing of stone. Then again, ihe interiour of th e building i nothing more nor lea than a series of scantling a tim bered skeleton. There is nothing to prevent a building aft er th mode from bring run up very fast. The Custom House is a very different structure in all its compo nent parts. All the principal walls are constructed o olid block of marble of immense atze. The wall, are alo very thick, te enable Item to euuport the enorrnou. weight above, as well a. to withstand the great lateral pressure of numerous internal arche of heavy mason - work, lhat stretch over the building from pillar In piliar, and from wall lo wall, to form each ceiling and floor of the bouse. The entire edifice, from its lowest base lo the extreme aummil of the root will be constructed of wrought marble and mason - work, and all this must be so ikilfully and scientifically put together, that there shall be o incongruity of part, and that the whole shall cling together and endure by the power of it own law, with out the aid or intervention of binding timbers. There will not be fuur.d in the whole building, when done, a single stick of umber or piece of wood aa large as a hickory nul. These are Isets which it may be well fur the publick to now ; and you are al bbeity lo make ihem pulilick in any ahap. you please. The Custom Hou.e t now going on very well, and there will toon be an increased num ber of wurkn.n upon the wall, an J a different aspect ill be given to the whole woik. It may be proper lo state, in conclusion, lhat when the basement shall be completed ihe edifice will go forward much mora rap dly as already great quantities of the marble for the super structure are prepared, ready to lay on ihe building This marble come from the quarrie. of Mesar. Kain & Co., East Cheater. THE LAW OF LIBEL AND THE ABOLITIONISTS. To the Epitobj or tub Evihiks Post : GiiTLiuis : I have iust sera aa article under the aigoature of Veto in your column of Wednesday last containing some objection lo my proposition, for a law to inflict severe penalties on the libels ol the abolition - ,ts. Permit me to correct his leading errour. He imas nes the abstract truth or falsehood of the doctrines of the abolitionists would form Ihe issue on Ihe trial ol an in diclmcnt against I hem. Il is not so. The truth of a libel is not, and never was, in iuc!f a justification. Our Constitution makes it so only when published with good ufus and (ur jutlilaUe end. The most wicked libel may be perfectly true. And lha publication may be un true, and yel no libol. The essence of tho otfrn - e con Hats in the tendency of the writing, and in the malicious purposes of Ihe publisher, or writer. Ihe question is nol whether slavery is right or wren;, nor whether it is cruel institution, as Veto seems to suppose. It is enough that slavery is sanctioned by the laws of the Slates where it exists, and bv the Constitution under which we all live. Il u the law that should govern ; and thai does govern in all well regulated communities. No matter whether abstractedly wise cr foolish, moral or mmoral, obedience must be paid lo the law, while it remains in force. Any publics! itn. therefore, the direct tendency of which is to excite rebellion agamnt the law$ is libellous. Did ihe advocates of immediate emancma. ion confine themselves to a temperate diarussion eflhe justico and policy of slavery, they might be s - jlfcrt - d to pass without censure ; bui when they undertake to teach insurrcct ion to the slaves il is a very different thing; and we are called on by every principle of justice and policy to iiiflict such signal vengeaace, according to law, upon ihe propagators of that libel, as shall teach them the necessity ofobservinz moJeration.and of a regard for the peace of society in the exercise oi high privileges. I know not how I can more clearly illustrate these hasty views, than by quoting a passage or two from the celebrated speech of Lord Er&ktne, the (Treat champion of the liberty of the press, in defence of Thomas Paine' Rights of Man. After having laid down bis basis of the liberty of the pre, in the njht to discuss the subject of government, in order to enlighten the rea - on and awaken the con science ol other, he proceed thus. "If be any writ, er even admitting his real disgust against the govern ment and its corruptions, if ha calumniate! living magit" Urate, or holds out to individual that they have a rich' lo run belore the publick mind in their conduct, that they may oppose by contumacy or force what private reason only disapprove; or resist the publick will be cause ihey honesty wish to change it ; he is then a crim lull upon every principle of national policy, as well as upon the immemorial precedents of English j u stice ; because such a person seeks lo disunite individuals from their duty lo the whole, and excites to overt acts of mis. ducf in a part of the community, m3iead of endeavouring lo change by the impulse of rcnon lhat universal assent which, in this and in every country, constitutes the law for all. I have therefore no difficulty in admitting, that il, upon an attentive perusal of this work il shall be found that the defendant has promulgated any doctrines which excite individuals to withdraw their subjection to the )aw by which the whole nation cunsenls lo be governed ; if throughout the work there shall be found any sylla ble or letter which slrikej at the security of property, or which bints that the law, be it what it way, is uot the inexorable rule of action for every ind.vidual, 1 willingly yield him up to the justice of the court." The real question al issue, then, upon these sound principles, is what is ihe plain natural tendency of the abolitionary papers in rela ion lolhe conduct of the slave population, and upon the ptacc and safely of the coun try 7 Until Vela can deny lhat they are inflammatory and insurrectionary in the highest degree, and threaten swift destruction to the union and peace of the United States, let him, after the great example I have quo ted, surrender these firebrand of sedition these fanat ical disturbers of the publick peace to the indignant ju lice of their country. PLAIN TKUTH. Wright, and ihe conclave which chose Richard M. John son aa ihe Van Buren candidate lor the Vice frequency, that ihat gentleman had chosen hia consort from the Airican rare that hi c.uldren and heir were niuiai - lues - that he auoearcd to lake unJe raiher than shame in the circumstance that he had attempted to introduce them into society, had portioned and married them to white men. in via at ion ot the taws ol rVentucay " knowing iheae facts, could it have been doubted, giving him credit lor the ordinary leelincs ol human sum, mat Mr. Johnson waa an Abolitionist and Amalgamation!! in principle and affection and ihat he could nol than otherwise favour doctrines which tended io elevate and improve Ihe political and social condition of hrs children? Can this he denied ? And if it be true can a grosser insult be imagined to the whole South, than the demand upon l.inn ui elevate lo the Vico Presidency, t?c successive husband uf Iwo slaves, and the father if Uguimate mulatto cllsprmg I iiote i the conclusion to be rvaueti 7 Hut in one jv bv ausges'iii a falsehood. and averring thai Mr. Van Huren had n - j agency - n the selection ot Col; Jonnson. Are there those who ran be made lo believe this 1 Mr. Van Buren not know before hand, whom acmvention composed of his paruzar.s, and Ciiitrouled by Silas Wright, wool. I select as his Vi c Presidi - ni ! Why it was arranged lur months before hand. But this is nol all li'hy was Colonel Johnson selected, in despite of these foriiudablti objections to him, and his kinwti deficiency in talent f even a rtspi - ctalilc orJer? Was not one object to cunci hate anu gain the growing and powertul sect U Abjlili.nisti and Agrarians 1 These arc the true objections connee'et! with tho subject ot Slavery, to Mr. Van Buren What do they prove ? Thai his abstract Abolitionism u probable thai he is more attentive to his own interests than lo ill e feelings ami just prejudices of Ihe Southern people - that under his admin strauon, the South wilt have cause to tear the re opening ol the Missouri question, which PARTMKNT, held ai Fireman's Hall, on Friday eve. nine the 28th tnt. The committee, appointed at their laat meeting in ao - ' cordance with the following resolution., via Resolved, That a commute of four be appointed who, in conjunction with the Chief Engineer, shall enquire into mc ctutc ui r ire r.ngioe rso. xsi naving oeen acis - ed by a member ol the Kir and Water Committee, and at the same time a - certain how far the trial of certain members of th De pan mrnt upon a charge of holing, and thn destruction of property al the late lire in Seven terntli street, has proc essed ; in order that measure, (if any should bo drrmed necessary) maybe taken lo pro' vet them from unjust penalties, or lo defend our own interests. Resolved, That the same committee be duly authori - t - d 1 1 take such measures for ihe procuring ol information and evidence, as by them may be deemed Ihe roost expedient, and solum a report ofthe saui. in writing al a sub - equenl nieeung of this body. , Respertfu ly Repotted, Tnal from ihe evidence ad. dm rj before ihem, the truth of which i admitted by those upon whom H most directly bear, That Fire Etrine H wa Uxkrd tip in her house on the Saturday evening immediately following the fire in Seventeenth street, and the key delivered lo a Captain of the City H'atcH, and ihat, with. ml any consultanon with the oth - cers ol ihe Company, or Ihe Chief Engineer. That her Company at ihat time consisted ol 14 men, 9 of whom were in possession rf ihtir certifica'cs, and the ba anc. had paid the necessary sunt lor their into the hand of the Foreman, which wa reclaimed by them immediately aKer Ihe se rnre of the engine, they being unwilling to have their name attached o Ihe roll of a Company that had been disgraced in such a summary and publick manner ; further, that al Ihe tune the engine wa locked u;, the hoe and other appurtenances had nul been thoroughly dried, and consequently both them and th engine mut have received, and are vet auslainmg consid erable injury trom rust and mildew. And, ihat one ot their number, being duly author zed so lo dn, called ution Aldrr.nan Ue'auiater, the member of ihe Kire and Water Comiuiiteo under whose direction the seizure above alluded to was made, for the pur pose ol enquiring upon what pretext it had been doue , wiic, after having ascertained the nmnner in which the (j rand Jury had disposed or u racil s presentation to Ihem, (the particular uf which will be found in another hia partisans arc already threatening, ana ah attempt to dictate an Anti - S'averv Ci nstitunon lo Florida and Arkansas and for the same reason, civil tear a'nf con - lulsioni, consequences which the repetition and the anc - ce. - s ol that ailenyi would infallibly produce. And now we ak the Kventns rost in a spirit ol can dour .f, situated as the South is with respect Id slavery with the " wolf by ihe ears," and many aiding bun lo b. - cak loose and reud hi Let - ners would it be wise or cunaistuut would it not be madness and foil in Ihe pari ol our re(iorl) replied, lliit the cause ol his proceed - southern peop - e, to place a man of Mr. an Hurcu's i tugs did not originate in consequence the d.slurbance equivocal tcntinienl in Ihe Presidency; tvnai I nc in loin sireei, mi trainf i several cnarge, maue oy tnal thai Ihey should be hus infatuated lur him i Where - different persons, against the members ol No. 24, which in and h..w, is lie belter than one ol many of her own were such oa ne alleged io se, in nis opinion, a sumeieut cu izcns, upon whom the South can rely lo the death 7 i warranty lor his proceedings. We ask lar inlormation ; for, a we hope lo be saved, we 1 our liumiuiuce inereiure, in conclusion ol this Ivor - have never been able to understand Mr. Van buren' - . tton of their duty, beg leave to odtr the following Reso - high claims, or on what Ihey are founded, :hai principle and safely are to be prostrated before them, tie m a man of good talents, but so are many thousands of some experience, bui others have much mere and a favourite olUcn. Jackson, which we lake to be Ihe chiel merit after all. Prom the Frankfort Arcus. R. M. JOHNSON Rri - EI.KOTfc.D WITHOUT OPPOSITION, In the circumstances under which Colonel Johnson has recently been re - elocied to Congrra, ihe bank presses win dicover the higti estimate which an intelligent and disinterested community has placed, upon Ihe hlthy vi tuperation and low scurrility, with w nch they have inundated the country fur the purpose of embarrassing his political prospects. Hi district is composed ol seven ot the most respectable counties in the Stale of Kentucky, where he has f r lh last twenty tight years 6ren wtitmly, and tometimet bitterly (though uithoft tucctu) opposed. But what was tho conduct ol hi political opponent men who have net only intimately known him, but vic - lently opposed him for more than a quarter of a cemury what we ask was their conduct in the late canvass ? Ti.eir hostility lo a political competitor, lost sight uf in indigu.itioo at Ihe unmerited and foul abuse of a gallant high minded and patriotick lellow citizen, they fl iCHcd in Hiulntudes In Ihe polls, and in proud contempt hurled a pointed rebuke, through Ihe ballot box, into the term ol hi calumniators, rsol a vote w.i. given in ihe district except for R. M. Johnson. We leave lhat Ihe Bank wh:g presses lo congratulate themselves nnon their hmH character tor credibility, innuence, decency, .c. IU own. TBE NEW CUSTOM BOUSE. Some week or ten days ago we published a communication asking certain questions relative to Ihe new Custom House in this city, and intimating, as one of tbe reasons ol tbe dilatory progress of that building, that there was a scheme on foot to change its location for one further up town. We have bad in oar pooeawioo several days, the means of answer. Idf Can any reader favour us with a copy of thai number of the .llbany Jlrgus, in vhich thai print ac knowledged the receipt of a full report of the proceedings ole Publick Dinner gt'trn Jom time ago to .Vr. Benton in St. Louis, and expressed its intentiun of copying Mr. Benlon,t speech as soon as it could make room for it 1 If any one can, tc shall be much obliged to him for it. The American of this city some days since had Ihe tho following paragraph : The Indiana Senators, both of whom usually. anJ one always, we oeneve, supported Ihe measures of General .'ackton, nave now pronounced aeainst Martin Van Buren tor the succession, and in favour ol General Har rison. 1 his must have the effjet of throwing ihem the opposition on all quest ions and they wt l not be few naving a nearing on tne residential election. In reply lo this the Washington Globe .ay., that in conversation with one of the members ol the Indiana de - egatioo, who visited Washington a few davs sine , it was inlormed by htm, that ihe tergiversation of ihe In diana Senators, reported by the opposition, is utterly un truethat Ihey are openly and decidedly the friend, of the nomination of President and Vice President, made by tho Democratick Convention al Bihimore, and gave their cordial support to tbe Democrauck candidates for Congress at the lite eleetion in Indiana. Rhode Island Elictiob. A lingering hope which the whigs entertained until yeste day, that Burgia, by some hook or crook, might be elected over Pearce, was then finally dissipated. The democracy haae wholly prevailed. The returns are inserted in another column, MR. We learn lhat Ihe ship Eagle, loom Liverpool fur this port bat been lost on Sable Island. The crew have arrived at Bucksporl, Maine. Moil new. raosi Tat Moon. We copy from the Sua of this morn rag the concluding portion of the article purporting to be from a supplement to ihe July number of Brt water's Edinburgh Jonrnal of Science. The Sun maintain that thi a veritable story and not a hoax, yt it maintains it in somewhat ambiguous terms. The following is its paragrsph : The GbisT Discotebies. Our reader, may real asaured that we have not betn inattentive lo the numerous (peculation, and remark, of our contemporary editor upon the authenticity of the extract, which we nave repuauenea on ine sur.jec: ol the ureal Astronomical Discovert of Sir Jolic Herschell. The opinion of ihe publick pre seems to be pretty equally divided, but knowing and feeling as we do our power t'o place the question neyood lurther controversy by lb immediate production of affirmative proof, we feel no particular anxiety lo quell t.ie wave, of discussion. We greatly enlarge our paper to - morrow, and aaay then tak. the trouble to give each of oar acepticaJ cotempora - rie a senile quietus ; and ui the meantime our reader may depend that th. cry of hoax and humbug will b crammed down the throat, of n too ka.wwg eielaim - enia the raoet approved yle ol auca a surgical opera tion. From the Iticlnnoint V hiir. VAN KI'KtN IH.f'KMiKI) KKKUKE PKFEATEU. M 1 he wicked nee when no man uurimetii The Albany tvmiuirer (oubiiahed in Richmond) since the origin ol Ihe Abolition excilemant, has acen most dustriou in suardinz the favourite from us consequences tt nas D - trayed the most vehement apprehension ufdan - ger lo his Presidential pretension, and Ihe must ai.xious olitude to avert n. Oaleb Ualdcratone did nol display a more loyal zeal for ihu hon - .ur ol the House of Ravens - wood, than hath our neighbour on this oscasion in favour of the Ueir Apparent. Witnessing his throns with com passion, we essayed lo administer roliefhy declaimg what we conscientiously Leheved, and still believe, thai "all men (so far as we knew) did Mr. Van Burcn the justice to exonerate him from giving the least countenance to Ihe Fanaticks. They suspect him of no such thing. They believe htm opposed lo their designs and practice." This we llieught w as due lo truth, ana moreover doing the hanJsome thing by Mr. Van Buren, really manilesiirg a liberality which deserved no applause as truth required it, but also deserved lo be met in a somewhat similar spirit, ul all events, not by misconstruction. This however, is far from being the case. His partizans are not aaiisfied with lue explicite exoneration. They are conscious that the Southern people would be franuck to aid under the circumstance uf the country in the election of a Missouri Restrictionist, and an Abolitionist on principle, although not one on Arthur Tappan s principles, lo the Presidency ; withal the man wiio is supported by the bulk of tbe Northern disurgamzer. of all name and views, Fanny Wright Agrarians, Abolitionists, Amalgamators, Ate This point they do not mean lo discuss. Th y will avoid it, and in accordance with their invariable taciicks wdl join issue upon anoiher, and raise a g'eat smoke uKn that, in order lo bcl'ig tho people . and obscure the real issue. Tnal it not whether Mr. Van Buren is a favourer of Tappanisiu he is confessed nol to be by his opponent but whether objections do not he against him on the general score of alavery, which, Irani the complexion of me times, ought to be insuperable against the South' voting fur him. AW mark tote the Van Burin tactiaant unit play the game ! They will raise a loud lament, a real Irish funeral dirge at the prelendedinjuslice dune lum in identifying htm with Tappar.iam, (when his opponents have defended him from it.) Tha Enquirer and his momh pieces, ibe Evening Post and Argus, have already pitched the note. They wl.l invoke the aid of Pathos nnd Bathos. They will bring forward Silas Wright, Bible Bullcr, perhaps our cousin of Mechlmburg, in a correspondence got up lor Ihe occasion, nnd modulated to the necessities ol ihe cae, to prove Van' dove - like inno cence in the premises, and how each particular bowel of the tender - hrartea demagogue years with sympathy and compassion and love lor Ihe southern people! Finally, the Heir Apparent himself may be expected lo be drawn out, and hi exposition and its way lo uie press, accidentally and in opposition lo bis wishes. All this is lobe done, nol for the purpose which will be avowed exculpation from Tappanism but lo create a sympathy for him of being falsely accused cf that crime in obfuscate the publick vision and lead lf Southern attention from the true object which demand his consideration, Humbug is the badge of tho tribe. Laborious vindications of Mr. Van Huren have already appeared. His partizans have put the cart before the horse, and commenced the defence before the accuser opened the charge. The Evening Post, known lo be Mr. Vau Buren's favourite organ, devotes cplumns lo his defence, against the charge of Tappanism, and conclude with ihe fallowing : M It is almost a task of sufiereroparion to adduce any more evidence on this iiitt ; vet we tua!l een zild refined gold' with a few graius of troth from the Richmond Wine, a soil trom which uiurh ot lite luiininatine powder now let or azaiust .Mr. Van Buren lor Ins pretended connexion with the aliotilionists is extracted. That journal not ton? since .!m,i. ted that ' eUi men e Mr. Van Huim Ui' juttite to ejmirrnjt him from ?rtrii& Uu ttnmt cuuiJtmmre u Ute finalu.kmtify tutprrt rum or ho such inutp j ny ocurve lum vppotna to ttitu oe - tignM find prnrlirr." The Richmond Whig now slyly and hylnuerolo attempts to create contrary oiiinlons coneeriune Mr. Van IJurdn. V an. lieai to me manliness oi tn.it paer to stale whether there is a sin. - ie laci in iu Knowieu - e widen wdl justify a doubt an to the correctness of the opinion it formerly expressed ! ir it has farts, us diuy to llm people of the Koutti demands th.it they should bs published ; if it baa none, its duty to itself, and all the obltgjtMHis of probity and honour, require lhat it should not aiteinp to uestruy, ny villainous suimise anil inuendu, a man whom Uie plain truth would essentially befriend." 1 ne tticumutid vv hig is not in ine habu ol dealing in inuendo, or ol acting slyly. We have already anawrr - ed the appeal to our manliness." . We have acquitted Mr. Van Buren of Tappanism ; we have never repented the act of justice ; wi have no facts to inJuce us lo doubt that it was bui sheer justice to exculpate him; and we adhere to ihe letter of the exoneration which ihe Post republishes. Will that suffice. Will that induce a withdrawal of Ihe terms " vitiamous surmise and do," if indeed the Evening Pos - , which w e fain bono it did no , meant to apply those terms lo us ? But the Evening Post shall not raisunder.,l ... Participation in the schemes of - the Tappanists would have consigned Mr. Van Buren to infamy mil,. s,.,h - non - participation doe not free htm from other well Kiuoaeo, recorooa, uiaeniaoi, and insuperable objections, or effect a vicanou regeneration in hi behalf. Was he nul an advocate for the Missouri Restrictions The Post wid not deny the fact. The Post will not del fend bun from it, for the Post itself ha recently re. opened Uu Mutoun ouetton, and claimed the right of WK.v.. ...,.nll,lmy , rlor,ua ana Arkansas, wnen inoae i erriiorie a - .k admission mm Ihe Union Has it been, can it be, wUl U 6. druj, thai Mr. Van Buren was a Miswoun Restrict ion isl or lhat tb. Stat, ol New York was a leader in tha' war upon the Southern rights or lhat her Peon', are vet willm. na Plrd. lomaint.in the same unconstitutional and nonre. live doctrine or that Mr. Van Buren's mot active par. "y Ta.tur.s' Umom. The Second Anniversary of ihe General Trades' Union ol New York and vicinity, waa celebrated in this city on r riday laat, bv a splendid pro cession, oration. Sic. Al H o'clock, the different Societies (19 in number) canin into itue in Uie order previously drawn for, ihe right resting on tho western entrance of the Park. ThubaJj.es an I banners were very elegant, and three or lourul Ihe t rade were ac companied by some appropriate portion of their business. The Printers had an elegant press mounted on a car, drawn by lour line horses, which wa kepi lo work uu ring the moving of the procession, and an ode, written fur the occasiou, distributed auiorg ihe populace. The Bookbinder displayed a large and splendidly bound book Ihe Cahiiiet - iuakera a bureau. &;. At hail' nasi twelve the whole line, accompanied by several bands of musick, and under the direction ol Mr. A. How aid, as. sisted by Mr. John Short and Mr. Jamos Potter, look up the line of march round tho Park, through Chatham and several other streets to the Rev. Air. Miller's church in Delancey street, where an address was delivered by Mr. JoliiiCommerford. President of Ine Union, After the oration (which I highly suoken ofl was finish ed, ihe Trades returned again, in procession, lo the Park where they were dismissed. The proceedings throughout were ot the most interesting description, and reflects additional credit un the highly respectable and puwe lul uouy ui man composing me union. I imet. The paa. TatEATBE. This eatabiiahment open for th regular eaoa this evening. Placide, Mrs. WstEATLEr, and Mrs. Vaaso. bav. been reengaged. and aa engagement baa been entered into witn Mr. HiLaos), alway. and moat deservedly regarded by the New York audience with a kindly sentiment that .iten - ded further than mar. approbation of her prof ion I merit.. Her reappearance oa lha .lag. will be haded with a niiid fc.lmg ; with p!eir. at again beholding an old favourite, aad regret that cireamManeea compel her, in bar widowhood, lo ior.ake, for tbe glare and atir of UMatricai life, thai cas reuremaal which is doubtless I it in. im l... VnL ,k. d .. - i , . r1 . - - v. k. u.. . u.. . L III. Iir.M nnwm - 1 uphold and defend the nghl of Congreas to impra ,L sincuons upon a Slat eotertng the Union 1 We ap. ... m,ue ineso postulates can be denied Wo apprehend that th. Post w.U raiher claim n Mr" Van Buren the Wear of holding opinion hn.ul. to the" farther diffusion of alavery. Let us hear from the New I nk Van Ri.rnn.lM nn ,K.. - .1 . i .. " , , " - "jcc a.ei mem imitate tb. candour U which tbey give u. credit, m having exempted Mr. Van Buren from Tappanism. Lei them aol .hi.fBo, er evade, or equivocal, but meet the sail wuh a plain and manly answer. KAt"S',v dB,ed th,in Convention of N w.York. Mr. Van Buren voted to confer .k. ...T. iJ niffr&vl oa fresl Timor mmm thn. .... " Ul - r mis umi uSDortani white? 1,1 10 " 1U1,,T htbe rroinltlic Schenectady Cabinet of Aiieusl 2. Text. e owe an obligation in ihe Laws, but a ingner one io ine cominunitie in wnicti we live, and I ihe tortner be perverted to destroy the latter, it is patriot ism to disregard tbeiii." Amos Kendall, Putt AfaWa General. Cojjmi Nr. Believing that the art nassea at the last session of the legislature of this State, restricting the circulation ni o.nk notes under the denomination of pi, in uu coiurarv the spirit ol Ihe various laws incoipora - ling Ihe several Banks ol this State thv bciim . - .lal.. Ilsbed f.ir the ostensible cbiecl ol aidimr the business on. .. c .1 , ,.r c.ai.u.is oi in several communities in which they are located ai.d believing our " obligation to the community in which we live" to be higher" or greater than our obligation lo the law" or act ubove relerred lo.we hereby give notice, thai from and after the 1st ,.f September tproiimo, we sliall continue to receive bi I of the denomination ol MF. DOLLAR. contrary to, and as though aid ant had never been pa - ed. Fhom Haliiax. Halifax nauer lo the 22,1 in .mm have been received in Boston. They ccntain an article nopied from a BerniuJa paper respecting the health - l the Is.enJ of Jamaica,, whii - h state lhat private letters and papers affirm lhat Ihe ve low frvcr which had prevailed lo a great extent, was fail disappearing j ,non - "e army, navy, and strangers, however, the mortality was very great. The s.ckness of Ihe three companies ul the 7ih Regiment, stationed in Spanish Town, II continued, v.i.h unabated virulence and la - 'alt'y ; tho hospitals had been for some tune crowded with s ck, and upwards of forty men and officer, the last Major Fitzgerald, had fallen victim. Detachments have been removed to Kingiton, by which a speedy stop, it is hoped, would be put to tho disoase. Oat, Ititions. Resolved, That we view the seizure of Kire Enr - ine No. 24, as an unprecedented and unparalleled interfer ence un the part ot a member uf the Fire andVaier Committed of our Common Council, such member nul having jurisdiction over the Ward in which sa d house was locaied, or having acted in compliance with the State law which expressly say. , I he Commuted on r ire nnd W ater, unucr the adneo of the Chief Engineer, shall be authorised and empow. ered lo take any Are engine, ho.k and ladder, or hose truck from the company, and place the aame in th pub lick yard, or give ihe same tu some other company," winch, added lo liiu delivery of the key into the hands of a raplaiii ol the watch, we consider a deficient nol only in .he resjieet due him, but in tho confidence which ins uintorm conniici, a the head ol our department. justly entitles him. Resolved, J i at under existing circumstances we dcetn it im - xtiedient for Ih. present lo lake any measures fur the restoration of said Fir. Engine I her Company ; preferring to await the voluntary decision of the Fire and Water Committee. Your Committee lurther beg leavo to report that in pursuance of tho second requisition of Ihe first resolution, ihat ti - cv examined fu.ly and impartially the information ilenresl by tnia body. Whether ana; Firemen were guihy of he groas outrages charged upon members of several companies, with a view to point out those who under any excitement, or provocation euukl so far have turgutten their own interval, and Ihe respect due 10 their aa.uciaie ; (if tuch chart a wen true, and at the same time, protect inch as might have been undeservedly ins. pleaded with them. W. had, owing lo ihe tenor of Mr. U'Ncii'a uicmunal to the Board of Aldermen of this city, and the strenuous and zealous manner in which it was supported by two of that body, added to the cease, less attacks nl the daily prints, prepared ouraelve for an unpleasant task, and you no doubt, will readily admit that for this committee lo have appeared belore yon with a report corroborating but on half of the charges above alluded lo. (even w th all the extenuation of cir - cuinstances,) and thereby in our own df. - uce and lhaiol the Di'itariiuent, compelled lo have reaigned Iwo or more of i s member lo a publick prosecution, would hav been, howeer necessary such a measure might be. a source nol on - y uf rrgre't to you, but dissa:is(acttoo to onr - elves. But so lar from such being the complexion of their dunes, ihey have the satisfaction of unequivocally stating, that the individuals who worn charged with being ihe leader and originators of the dislurbanra at Ihe tune mentioned, were perleclly innocent ol ever pirticipaiing lit ihem, further than one ol ihem without offering the trail provocation received two blow upon hi head wuh a cull, which bui fr Ihe intervention ot his fir, ran miimI.1 h(l..,lu.l. I. n . . 1 f . i : i to be regretted ihat Ihe manner in which thiaaatauli wa made wa uch (the miscreant who inflicted Iho blow having approached from behind,) as to have prevented a recosuiiiun, as we would then have keen enabled tc hav. held up, tu the merited scorn ol every member of th. cominuniiy, the wretch, who cou d bu guilty of such a cuwaruly and brutal attack upun an unarmed aud unsuspecting person. In supp .rtof Iho above we had prepared a full atate - nieiit of all ihu evidence given belore un.botb, from Ih several Fiicmtn, wh.t had nut yet retired from Ihe fire, whun the occurrences upon winch the charge were made had taken plnce, fiom citizin who wero present, and from Mr. O'Ni - il, (in company with hi legal adviser) but owing lo his presen:nient having been reject - " "v T"s Uhamd Juhv, its publication nuw is render, cd both unnecessary and uninteresting. In conclusion, be beg leave to express our gratification al Ihe llalteruig tc - rminaiion uf this controversy, and trust that Ihe .pint of beneficence, which ha uniformly been a leading cbaran en.iick of our Department, may bo surpassed only by the discretion and moderation ol it ineinoer. wnen similarly iluaied. ih . which must inevitably lead tu gratifying results and men - ted praise. At the same time vnur Cnmi.uii.ii ... ... braco this opportunity to exnres their aon.n.., . ih. manner in winch some or our daily prints have indulged n Inn mrt.l I,.. - . ....... ... .. ..rt,1Ii ann unworthy epiiheia upon the conduct of our lrp, rt nem, in tin. and other c..e., and we wish the authors of all such aasertion., a Seized hi household iiood and chattels, ihr .h. nm Ihe atreet. act firo lo Ihem. a set of maniacks around the fire : thai " emrme house are used fur nothing but cambliiie houara ih.i ihn eng.nesaro commanded by boys," &e.&c. lo understand ..a, view uiihii isprcmettitoUd taUrhoodt. unl - . ih. originator are o simple as nave believed thorn, in which ...y ,,.,,,,.1, . B(llr 0, creau,w lha, cn equl. !. only by ihe idolatry ofa heathen! 1 o the citizens in general (when on duty) we merely The following le - ier from ihe eccentrick tragedian liouih, haa been handed to the Editor of the New Orleans American, by Mr. Caldwell, for publication. ttr n o . B l"",OK. Mo. My Hear Sir Your letter I have received but wculd uot reply lo fir reasons I wish Ihe nubhek in Inn. a certain Law has been sanctioned by the Populace of ."Sew Orleans tu detriment the interest of Gamblers. In co..e.,..Cn;e oi sucn a law being approved of by Ihe Mob I shall not condescend to degrade myself by aclinz !.e wnere my patrons have and do suffer orr - . .... "logiui, uvciare to vou that l hrk Yours, etc J. B. BOOTH, ttagement. July 27, 1835." RHODE ISLAND Ei.KfJTrnM The foJowmgis asiaieiiu - nt ol the vole, in all the towns in the Slate, from which it will bo sen lhat t .C'"!!V" h".,r"ul,', ' e choice of Messrs. PKARCK nnd SPRAGUK, the Administration cari - Newport, Portsmouth, Middietown, Tiverton, Little Campion, Jamestown, New Shoreham, Providence, N.Providcnce, Smi - i.heid, Cumberland, Johnston, Cranston, Burnllviiic, Cilocejter, Scituate, Foster, S. Kmcston, N. Kingston, Exeter, R icnmor.d. Westerly, Char'estowa, Ho kn;on, Bristol, VV arran, Barringlon, VV'arwick, East (ireenwhich, Pearce 1S7 ao ss 176 63 29 112 871 8S 174 Ppragtte. 17 J (39 22 173 49 39 no 288 179 Burg - es. StSS 90 51 mnj. 139 147 in. 282 144 oiaj. 158 19S 162 i 79 19 maj, 8 10b' 36 24 198 81 West Grecawicb. 116 Cavcntry, 7 nj. 91 49 maj. 139 147 maj. 231 144 maj. 149 194 173 95 79 1 9 maj. 87 101 17 24 228 82 130 27 maj. 131 68 60 S3 22 34 970 121 197 34 maj, 14J Bi 79 127 43 30 37 72 78 144 72 47 165 62 63 Cranston 34S 16 64 35 85 20 32 937 117 196 34 142 85 69 112 37 19 35 S9 72 140 68 47 126 81 39 ask 3321 3135 52 41 238 22 3362 3372 Spragus's miiontv over TW.,... Pearce'. do do Sprague'a do over Cranston, Pearce a do do dechned. - ' - . - ptac of B', Hoppin, geC,7e cZi: Wh,,7Jhn Cr - (Ad - - Use. ofGeorg. D GrSSL1.. ?AreAn':,f.h - rS'' leaver and S locum latives. ' P'"C 01 ,wo rormef " reprceen - W - B,ww'..A - i - l Pleof Mr. re.1od!,,He,,ryHLulheri,, P'ce of Mr. Hade, Admmi.H0U,eJO.R'p,e,n,,ie ""Icons. of 89 AdmiUitratan,and 38 Whig member. n.. - ..u....K. . . .... .. f , - - . HT lvUID .,l, l. bviuir f.l !..... .... I.i . i ' 7 i ' o.ciiuingor associating the acts ol unruly boys with those ofour department. C11AS. H. HASWELL, ENOCH DKAN, JOHN COX, n . r, . ,Jii,'''''EHSUN BROWN. On motion or Mr. John M.Sinds, seconded by Mr. Jhrnn R.kcr, ihe above report wa unanimously accep - Onmol.onof.Mr.U. H. Hasw.il, it wa Resolved, 1 ha. a retiring committee of three be appointed for tha purpose of dr.iiing ,uch reaoluiion. a. ihoy deem th oest c.lculated ip expres. the sense of this bodv. upon he remark made by some of the sufferer, in Ration to ihelate lire in VVaier street and Maiden lane. Whereupon the President appointed Mesara. Haswell, Llradlord and Greenwood, who re ircd and returned with the lollowing Preamble and Reolun..n : J! - '"'.'.'"' We h!lV0 bcen '"'or""! that Messrs. Calvin W . How, and David Leavitu occupant of on. or (he .'ores di - slroved at the li h.. u.. ... i I Maiden lane, and lhat Mr. Rens.elae, Havens, Presi - j L ""ru ' ire insurance Company, have staled that tne burning uf the store on Maiden I. ne, was owinj to the neglect, and unwiilir.gnea on the part of tne firemen io enter ihem. and that " Ihe fire ought to have been Mopped in Water street," thai " il would nave been ten years a?o," and thai " I hoinaa Fran lin, had ht becu duel vou:d have done H," together with' several other expression of a (miliar character : We, ihereiore, deem it incumbent upon us to offer the fo'low - ing Resolution expressive of our views, trustina tbey will receive the approbation of this body : Resolved, Thai we view the opinions expressed by Messrs. How and Leav.lt, respecting ll.e manner in which our elforte weru directed al the (ate fire ong.na - ing in V aier street, in the hrsl place, a trronecu., in - aamuchas.ihe fire waa atnpped as aoon as it possibly cuu.d have been, owing to the situation of the buildings, as Ihe llames from Smith's store in which thehre origi. naie - l, poured direel y on ihe rear ol Mr. Hunt's store in ..laiden lane, and the gable end ofthe Messrs. How's running through to Fletcher street, ln which end, there were threo windows, une immediately above tbe other, and conscq.it - ntly, both the latter stores were simultaneously fired I0 every lofi ; therefore, tu have reached the Hames from the rear, was irnj.ossible, and from the Ironi impracticable. Secondly, uujutt, as their aer - tions are unfounded aud lastly, ungenrrm, as abuse s nol the reward due those who laboured all the night for tho preservation of their properly and thai of ihetr fellow citizens. Resolved, That we consider ihe langnage used by Mr. Rensellaer Havens as ungenilemauly, and aa coming with an ill grace from th head of one of Ihe many inatuutions who derive their support Irom the gratuitous aud voluntary labours of out Department. l!MAUI c - v II llitvn I S. U. BRADFORD, H. B. GKkvEN WOOD. On motion, it was unanimously Resolved, That Ihe report be accepted and alliiediotbe preceding one, wnich, togethe. with the procee - l:ngs, be signed by the President and Secretary, and pubu hed iu oil tbe Daily paper. On motion adjourned. JAMES GULICK, President. WILLIAM CORP, Secreta - y. aSl It 1. fro Ltxingtm (Ky.) Intelli gencer ol the 81st instant, that theCnolera continue to' mkerer'"lravageeaitheneighboUfing town of Ver - saillea. The disease, at the last accounts, bad occasioned fifty deaths. Fie. By a fire at East Harwich, on Sunday, most ofthe books, toiler, ate. in ihe post office were destroyed. It ii thought to have been the work of an incea diary. IO" WANTED For a gentleman and lady, in a boarding house or private family, a furnished parlour and two bed rooms, ono of which may be small. The rooms must be nuat"d above Fourth, in any of the streets runmnc Irtm Broadway or the Bowery. Address Bos No. 776 Post Office. $ Clerks Office Cttu and County of New York, I 28th August, 1836. JCP Notice i hereby ctven. that on Saturday, tha 5ih day f September next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, I shall draw a panel or Grand Juror for a Court of Oyer an 1 Terminer for the City and County of New York. and a panel of Ptit Juror for a Cireul Court and Court of Oyer and Terminer lor said City and County; and also a panel of Jurors fur a Court of Common Plea far the City and County aforessid said courts leepecuve'y to be neld at the City Hall of the ad city on ihe third Monday of September, 1835. THOS. JEREMIAH, Clerk of the City and County of Nw York. a28 7t S. JOHNSTON'S Clauacal aad Engliah 8chool, al 654 Broadway, wdl be r - opaed on Tuesday l.t September, 1835. , all disti

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