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THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE PROGRAM roR looANSpon 1. An Ad.quot. Civic C«il«r 2. An AdMjuat* S«wag* Dt*po»I Sy*l«m 3. Juffiicint Parking FacilttiM Injustice to Writers News stories about censorship are in, termittent, and many who are concerned with freedom of expression for the artist forget that the fight against censorship must go on day in and day out. Those who seek to censor books work constantly and steadily. The fact that there have been court victories has not deterred them; nor will it.- The issue of book censorship is a bigger one than is often realized, and slowly there is a creeping paralysis inching its way through creative literature in America. A large body of the public does not care. Many actually favor censorship, and in the same breath they will brag about freedom. The late John Sloan, the artist, used to say with some bitterness that in America "the artist is put in the kitchen." The censors want to boot him out of that kitchen and confine him to the woodshed. And while there is danger that this might happen, public indifference remains. Writers are not receiving fair play or fair treatment in this country. And during the last 10 years, the fight to ban serious American books and writers has made more progress than has the struggle against those evils—vice, racketeering, corruption in various areas of life— which can rot American society. No writer, nor even Maupassant had anything to do with Dave Beck, the Lanza case in New York, or with many other cases revealing the continuance of all of the evils which can wreck free government. But American writers continue to be persecuted. And there is public indifference to the injustices being done them. It costs a million dollars a week to clean the litter and trash dropped by trucks and cars along the nation's highways. Concerned with the rising cost, State Highway officials are discussing a uniform nationwide fine of $50 for iit- terbugs and mandatory policing of the roads by industries responsible for much of the trash. A team of physicians at Vanderbilt University has successfully combined polio vaccine with protective agents against diptheria, whooping cough and tetanus. The combination is given in the first two shots and the third is the polio shot alone. The preliminary results of a ten-month study shows the response to the polio shot is somewhat higher in the combined vaccine, but immunity is achieved for all four diseases. IN THE PAST One Year Ago William Fulmor, 00, of route 4, died at tho St. Joseph hospital. Charles 0. Patterson, 72, succumbed at his home two miles south of Walton, Attorney George Brubaker and Claude Barber were appointed by Judge Clifford Wild to th« city planning commission. A petition for Ihe consolidation of tho Tipton and Jackson township schools was presented to tho Tipton township trustee. Ten Years Ago The assessor's report shows 0,W)2 autos In Ca:« county now compared with !l,302 last year. C. G. Addlcman of Richmond was named dean of boys at Logansport high school, Horn to Mr, and Mrs. Leo Prui'tl, Delphi, a ion, at Ihe Cas>s county hospital, Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Shriver, route 1, Flora, are the parents of a daughter, born at the Cass county hospital. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Wolkor, Monterey, oro the parents of a son, born ait the SI. Joseph hospital. Cool, wet weather has delayed corn plant- Ing in Cass county. Twenty Years Ago Dr. James W. Stowarl, 79, w«ll-known local pliysiclan and surgeon, passed away at his homo, HIM North street. Ch.-vrles Baor, 74, was found dead In a summer collage al Norway, north of Monticollo, the victim of a heart attack. Mrs. Julia Helton. 74, of B23 Holm slccot, <lied at Ft, Wayne. Mrs. Klla Clawwon, 7«, of nonr Delphi, expired at the Homo hospital, Lafayette. Miss Lids' Wortblrvgton, 78, succumbed at tor Kust Monticelki home, Two milk cows owned by Hcrborl Straw were struck by a Pennsylvania Iruln northwest of Winamac and killed. Fifty Years Ago Sam Graham, Morris Jcnnoss, and Honry F. Bergmann of Iho local Panhandle office i»ro making a Irip over the C. <c E. B. F. B. Day, E. S, Cootu, and 0. J. Flory huve been employed as Vnndulla firemen. A point of a needle which broko off In the heel of Fred Gross last May, came out a few clays ago through tho big toe. William B. THus, who formerly operated the Dunn hotel, has purchased the Commercial hotel in Peru. Drew Pearson'i MERRY-GO-ROUND Friday Evening, May 24, 1957. NEW ARRIVAL Drew Pearson Says: Certain Senate economies must make the Kremlin Laugh; Senate won't cur- tall its own lunches or business subsidies; It docs curtail U. S. budget for cold war propaganda. WASHINGTON — The Kremlin must be having a lot of fun watching the antics of the U. S. Senate these days. Last week the Senate spent almost one whole day harassing and curtailing the U. S. inform ation agency which combats Russian propaganda. . Simultaneously, the Kremlin was doing the following: 1. Staging another world peace conference at Colombo, Ceylon next month. 2. Sending mobile exhibits of Hiroshima victims around India and Sountheast Asia to show, the horrors of U. S. atomic wars. 3. Preparing for the 6th world youth festival in Moscow in July which big delegations of Young Africans will attend—expenses paid by Moscow. 4. Filling the airwaves with charges that the U. S. A. is preparing for aggressive atomic war. 5. Spending $125,000,000 on documentary films alone as against the total U. S. information budget voted by the Senate of $00,000,000. The cut which the Senate voted in U S. information funds was $15,000,000. A few days later here is what the Senate voted for others: Voted a $30,000 subsidy to give cheap lunches to senators.? Voted a $100,000,000 indirect subsidy to bankers by • giving them government deposits interest-free. Voted a $30,000,000 subsidy for western miners and mining companies. Voted various public works which will help individual senators get re-elected but won't help wage the cold war against the Kremlin. If the Kremlin isn't laughing, it just hasn't got a sense o[ humor. Itnzor Vs. Meat Ax Most conscientious economizer in Congress is Sen. Paul Douglass ol Illinois, the former economics professor at the University of Chicago who enlisted In the Marino Corps as a private at the age of 50. Douglass economises with a razor, not with a meat-ax. Here is part of his record. "My purpose in rising is to help keep Secretary Humphrey's hair from curling," he said, us'the Senate voted on a 7 per cent increase for the personal staff of the Secretary of .the Treasviry who wanted the budget cut, "There is no better place to do that than right in his own office." The Senate, however, overruled Douglas. "I propose cutting $2,000,000 from the 1958 funds requested for Coast Guard facilities," continued the persistent Illinois Democrat. Douglass' fellow senators did not agree. They preferred to keep pork in the budget. Sen. A. Willis Itobertspn (D., Va.) protested that his stale needed a new Coast Guard lighthouse station. Charles Potter (R., Mich.) insisted on new Coast Guard barracks at Sault Ste. Murio. The senator from Illinois next shlftod to a hidden $100,000,000 bunk subsidy In that treasury budget, proposed that at least $10,000,000 bo knocked out. "The amendment which I have offered would reduce ... a hidden subsidy which Iho treasury now pays to tlio banks by making huge deposits of public funds without receiving an Interest payment In return," Douglas declared. "Tho bunks are able to increase their earnings approximately $100 million a year by thoiio Interest- frou deposits," said Douglas. Ho demanded that they pay 2 per cunt. He was overruled. Douglass noxt exposed an onti- mulod $11)5,000,000 In post offlco subsidies to the railroads, for Initil- ing parcel post und surplus bng- gugu-cur spnco for mall. "This," said Douglas, "Is a test of whc.'thcr power and wenlth aru going to remain In the saddle, or whether government activity is tr> bo carried on In the Intercut of llio public who now pay those absurd and Illegal overcharges through excessive mail rates or through taxes." Mnilbag •Ambassador Ricardo Aria* of Panama—I apprecinte your advice pointing out that the United States did not buy the Panama Canal Zone, but rather that Panama granted the Canal Zone to the United States. Thus, you point out, the United States could not sell or even lease tho Canal Zone, as if it was the actual owner, nor could it use the Canal Zone for any pur-, pose other Mian the maintenance and protection of the canal. Thanks also for tho assurance that Panama will never be a prey to Russian propaganda and fall for Nas- serism , . . Correction: Friends oE Sen. Lyndon Johnson have suggested that I was unfair to him In reporting lhat he deliberately Btuyed out of Washington during tho recent Democratic dinner, thereby boycotting the Truman- Stevenson'winy of the Democratic party. Lyndon's friends point out that he hud not known about tho dinner until March by which tlmo he had accepted two conflicting engagements in Texas thnt he could not break. However, he purchased one luble of Ion $100 tickets or $l,t)00; also helped sell, with his staff, n total of 230 tickets, In fairness to Senator Johnson, I am delighted to present these facts . . . J. Irvln Wnlihsn, SnruHotn, -Fin.—I have your letter correcting my statement that Senator Smuthers of Florida refused to Introduce Adlul Stevenson in Tampa in 1M2 unless he was given a chance during the inlroduckm to explain why ho couldn't entirely support Stevenson. Though you describe this as "absolutely untrue," I have-a photostat of n letter from Senator Smothers June 27, Jl)5!i, to Hampton Dimn of Tampa, stilling "I offered to introduce 'Sloven- son, but on condition that 1 muko it clear that I was not supporting PKPC lit all." According to Iho Associated Press, Senator Smalh- ors wont even further on Oct., I, 10!)!! by slating Hint ho would "bo happy to Introduce Ktevunson provided he was permitted to slate that ho did not agree wllh Iho'can- dlduto on FKPC, Tldolands Oil or adoption of a 'gag rule' In the Senate." The issue is important now bticnutw of Lyndon Johnson's idea of making Smuthers Democratic National Chairman. Veteran NmvHimin Dies WASHINGTON (UP) — Walker 8. Bucl, vuloran Washington correspondent of Iho Cleveland Plain Dealer and Cleveland News diod Thursday In Uoorgo Washington Hospital. lie was (17. Jiuol underwent an emergency abdominal operation early Sunday, May 11). Subsefjiionl complications caused his condition l« grow rapidly WOIVU). LAFF-A-DAY EXCELLO PANGING SCHOOL Angelo Potri Need Special Aptitude to Be Engineer "Will you please nay something about >boys talcing engineering courses when they don't want to because they can't do math? I am a dumb al math, and my Dad, because of something he read in the paper, Ihlnks I have to work harder and learn faslor at H so I can, bo an engineer ,nnd make a lot of money. Can't I make money at something I can do ami tike to do? I hate math," A boy or girl who hntes mnllic- ntolics is not a good candidate for that course and Is Ilkoly to be far bettor off taking another road to usefulness. Mathematics is n spe-* cial field in whteji men and women with a special nWltly think, talk and work. To bo a mathematician ono must think as one, and not everybody has ihul. peculiar gift Why should ho? The world necdjf all sorts of thinkers mid workers. Teachers of arithmetic can pinpoint, the pupils who will do well In higher maihematrcs. Those children will have to have this think it out qulckily and accurately wl'-h little trouble. CHher children wll Ilinvo lo have this problem road aloud lo them, analyzed, explained, before they can start to work on, It, which, by the way, will h» without enl.lni.il- nsm. The mulhemail.les students think in Lerjrxs of number and Iho others do not. Language and Ihe thinking underlying II: control abll- ily here ns elsewhere. The otcllenicnJ; about engineering for 1 college sludenls uroso with Lho reports Lhnl Itimsla was breeding them rapidly and that wo wotikl IM) oiilclnsso-d In (.lint <lo- parlimcnl.. Neither Russia ntw any other country will haw. 1 more Uum the insiinl portion of scientific malliomaticlans. You cannot cronlo a mnlhomallcui mlml. That Is done by Somebody Digger. Whal you can do is cultivate Iho mind Unit. Is present; und when Iliiit Is dmii; In nit the schools and colleges, we need Iwvve no con- corn nbout wlint educnllon Is glv- ion the youth of nlhor coiuntrloK. Coi'talnly, we nnort en|.(liiecrs'; nlwnyn have needed thorn; always have had them, loo; and they never needed to stop back for Ihu engineers of any other country, t seem lo remember a group of HUP engineers going lo Russia to lench HHS engineers Ihni'e how In use tho mnchJnaH they had taken out of Germany. And while 'wo are talking about this innltcr, lhoi'0 Is another point to l>« made. In Home quarters our schools arc being decried because of the* easy discipline, the freedom allowed the pupils. This behavior .Is compared with the silent, obedience and politeness of Russian children, Think « minute. Which man Is going to be able to think fast and accurately und ncU--on his own—In nn emergency? The one trained lo obedience to orders or tho ono trained lo lean hard on himself und got along on bin own? Ours, of course. Look at the record I Manners are nice, pence Is wonderful, but. cheers for tho Initiative of Iho American on- glmior, the Marines, airmen, Infantry—America. Accounting Code Drawn By AFL-CIO WASHINGTON (UP) — Main points of the now financial code adopted Wednesday by the AFL- CIO Executive Council for all A ; FL- C10 unions: 1. Calls for adoption by the 'Unions of "minimum accounting mid financial controls" drawn up by a committee of union secretary- treasurors and advisers of six large accounting firms. 2. Directs affiliated unions to secure competitive bids for all major financial contracts. S, Bnr.s use of any union funds as loans, investments or other purposes which would result In "personal profit, or advantage" of any union officer, representative or employe. 4. Bans any union conlracls to buy goods or services which would result in "personal profit or advantage" to any union officer or agent buyond Ihulr regular union salary or compensation, 5, finns any loans to business enterprises with which u union bargains. (1. Cans any personal loans of union funds to union officers, representatives, employes, members "or members of their families for the purpose of financing the private business or Investment of such per.sons," The ban on union investment!) was qualified lo permit Investments in publicly traded securities of widely held corporations so long ns tho liivewlmoii'l could not "influence Uie course of corporate decision," It, also permits Investment in union ownoil enterprise's or a business operated "for the benefit of .Its members." Deny West Germany Used as Atomic Base BONN, Germany (UP) — Wosl; Germany today denied 'Russian charges thai Wesl Germany is being used as an atomic base by North Atlantk Treaty Organl'/.n- llon forces. In n note linndod lo Soviet Ambassador Andrei Smlrnov the Bonn government also stressed Hint Uiu Gorman Bundoswchr possesses no atomic weapon and has not asked for any. Tho note was In roply to Run- sin's atomic "warning" of April 27 that Germany would be transformed Into a "cemetery" In tho ovunt of n huclonr war. llussln sent similar warnings U) the Sean- dlnnvlan nations, Franco and Greece. STRANGE KQUH'MKNT CINCINNATI (UP).— William Slokes, f>7, Mtfhop of the Spiritual Church of God charged with currying a blackjack, told iwllce It wan for On,' "protection of myself and my congregation." We said Hie botUo of gin ho wan carrying was for "sacrificial purposes," lira tnnny way*) Ift k<!<!p n chltil occupied when »lvk without ciiuxliiK fntlguo. Dr. I'ntrl Unix KIIIIUW, liookn, puxilci, mu|>K anil initny other w»yn for nntarlnln- ineril In lil« leuiM )>-7, "C'<nivnli>it- ccnt Chlhlrai." To obtain u copy, xouil 10 cnnlH In coin to him, c/o this paper, V. O. Kux IH), HtuUun G, Now York 10, N. Y. PHAROS-TBIBUNI Dully Wo 9»r w«*k kr mrri» *IH.1O»« j>««r, n/ Mull «» m**l ">•«•. i» », Carroll, Whl«, 1'nlimhl, fullon nn<l Hlmiil miiotlm, I1D.IMI |Mir >-••<"• I IrmllnK nr«» «nrt wllhlx IniUnnn, »11.IMI p mr y««r| omlmUm ln<llm»m, *r yaiir. All HI«|| MtifeffoKltilloMii »fiynl»ltt IH NI|VHM««, N* M«|| nul** a M>M «rh«r« unrrtor ••I'vlo* IH mmltitllmitl, Journal .»l«hll«li«il Id-It "Before we dlscusfl hiring you as an instructor, do you 1 mind getting off my foot?" fM«.. H17 Kmitt mutter •< 4b« pout olflua •• LovNn IH7». Trll™»» ..<.bll>k>4 ItMT l<l> 7> kr rburnoTrlkMn* C MMII, IQntarnil n* H«III>M«I <*IM 4., u»4«r the •«( «f M«r«k Walter Winchell L Broadway and Elsewhere Memos of a Girl Friday Dear WW: Yankees' star Billy Martin says thanks for inviting him with you on the town when you thought he looked lonely the other night. ButS since the Copa incident he must bel in'bed by midnight! or Buffer a fine. I He said the head-l lines made hisl mother cry. T he feels awful fork Hank Bauer, who! was helping him! celebrate his birthday. 1 asked Billy if he heard anyone make an insulting remark about Snmmy Davis,. Jr. who was doing his act at the time. Martin said someone (not at the Yankees table) called Sammy a "Mau-Mau" but that nobody wanted to make a fight out of it ... The Mickey Cohen- Mike Wallace comments about the Los Angeles police heads will probably raise premiums on libel-insurance again. Things seem to have changed somewhat since you were called "too controversial." The friends of Nina Dyer (former wife of Baron Thyssen) believe ' her romance with Sadruddin Khan (the Aga's youngest boy) is over. He's been with his mater in Southern France since early April. Nina's been in Paris all that time and he didn't bother to see her, they say ... I hear the late Marquis de Portage's very wealthy mother may send bundles of money to the families of those killed when the Marquis lost control o£ his racer . . . Linda Christian's other admirer, Belgian lennistar Philip Washer, flew to Madrid to console her. The Earl of Carnarvon-socialite Ann Hunt wedding plans apparent, ly have hit a snag. The date was May 1st . . . After almost ten yours apart Duke Ellington's No. 1 trumpeter (Shorty Baker) mid, Mary Lou Williams will make it legal ... It will be a Fall wedding for Nancy Bovard and David Wilson. His grandad was U. S. Ambassador to Mexico . . . Bruce Cabot, a long time abroad, is expected to return with a bride, She may be Italian actress Olga Villi, a former Countess . . . Lorraine Manville's most attentive bwiu (since she filod for divorce from Clias. Baxter) is Cornelius Dresselhuys, her former husband. Guy Mitchell and his Danish bride, will purl for a few weeks. She must go to Canada—so she can ru-enler here under lliu Canadian quota and become a Yank . . . They'll npprccinle a line on thai— to stop wild rumors . . . Hen Harrison will bu NHC's host for the Ford spectacular in Sepl. To launch Ihi'ir new model, I he Kdsi'l. .Kvory nnn'Mlo! 1 in .show hi/, hoped to get Unit fancy-paying spot . . . 1 wondered what, huppemsl to talented Joy Hodges. Klio's (he insomniac doll in those Simonex tv commercials . . . Movie star Paul Nuwinnn. has eslrangoii wife and Ills Klrl friend (Jiuinne Woodward) are trying to work out this divorce by going to analysts . . . Mrs. Mel Tonne is ill, which explains the recent conclusion-jumping. Oops, my fault, soddy. Wo said Denlse Colletlu (of The Follies) was Iho dglitr of the wrong 1'npn. Her Daddy is Albert St'hwing, a traffic cup . , . llorolliy Shay phoned. You told IICT to remind you when Kelly U'sti-r, n siiwr, opened hero. She's at llui Villain Vanguard. Maybe Ihu Blue Angd next . . . Yes, it's Inns about Look's exec Shap Shapiro and his wife, Separated, no divorce planned at this time . . . Friends of Marilyn's husband (Arthur Miller) say lie will write a play nboul. Ills .current troubles with Hie Invest!- gnllng Comni . . . Harris Hhevel- son, editor of Pageant for III yours, was fired tho Httnw week he rec'd a BnnJ. Franklin citation (for Public Service) from Illinois University. John Crosby mentioned IMen Morgan's grail generosity when Helen was a star. This reminded Irv Hoffman of the lime hi; piw- suaded her to take out nn annuity. Broker Mnx Itolbelsen arranged one with N. Y. Life. Ten yeari later, when the policy matured. Max urged her to buy. a guaranteed lifetime annuity. But Helen insisted a lump sum be given to her and she got a check for $75,000 . . . Within one week she gave away or spent all of it ... Cosmopolitan's August issue will be devoted to the "Author! Author!" crowd . . ~. Lena Home's littl* girl (now 20) get her first teeve» role next month . . . The reason actress Geraldine Brooks can be found around the Steve Allen show is Herb Sargent, one of the writers. Paiti Page was forced out of th« last show al the Latin Casino, Philly, because of severe laryngitis.-First time she ever missed a performance . . . Norma Douglas is back from Buffalo, where Th» Newspaper Guild gave her a citation . . . The Newspaper Reporters Ass'n of here sent $1,000 from its recent By-Line Ball for th« Runyon Cancer Fund . . . Lynn Stanton auditioned as the vocal- lure for Richard Mallby's band, which'll make a national tour . . . I was sorry to soe "Livin 1 The Life" close at The Phoenix. These younsters deserved a better 4fate. A lot better, in my opinion, than some of (he current hits. Harper & Brothers will publish Ben Hecht's book about Charlie MaeArlhur, his long-time colla> borator. June 19th. The advance copy just came in. II contains a lot of the wit Charlie and Ben swapped with Alex Woollotl, Gene Fowler, George Gershwin, Dorothy Parker, Noel Coward and ths Marx Bros ... A committee of IB now runs The Communist P.ir- •ly. They meet once a month. Next date is June 9lh . . . Wm. Z. Foster, former chairman, is now "Chairman Emeritus." He and Eugene Dennis have broken openly ... Geo. M. Cohan, Jr. and his sister Mary wrote the book for a musical show. Mainly about their talented father. The Dr. Albert Schweitzer ar- tide, "If World Fnil.s To End H- Tests" (which ran in The- Daily Workers), was reprinted in leaflet form and widely distributed in St. I/oiiis by local Reds ... A survey by the communist. 1 ; themselves reveals that nearly all th« comrades in Boston arc college people . . . ArlrcsR Elaine Slrteh, I hear, visited Tin 1 Vatican between scenes of "Farewell To Arms." The Snrdi's crowd wonder If it means she and actor Ben K-nz- znrn will be able to marry. Ben was divorced a year ago . . . Tho Kenny Bros.' old hit, "Love Loiters In The Siind," is now lied (in Kst placx') with Presley's "All Shook Up." . . . Fran Warren resumes as female lend In the tour- Ing "Pajamn Game" at City. Gernldino Paige may return to (he Broadway lights In "The Slnmgc'.st." It is listed for Fall production . . . Georgia llockofol- ler will mnrry J. Harden lio.so June Mb, according to hw gal- pals around Armando's . . . Bubo Rockefeller is over her flu iiltm-k. Those daily nnknys are from M. Fabrny ... 1 ihnuglit I saw Ann Woodward (whoso husband was accidentally .shot dead In their homo) at. Iho (!2nd and Madison Hamburger Uonvon. Very ntlraclivc person . . . Rl'vls Presley's nmmllir.i guarantee him $500 a week for lifo — nfler his Mill year . . . This Is also Fal.'i Domino's year. He Is only 211. Just, got hl.s royally check ($115,000) for the first' :i 'mmilhs of '!J7 . . . Keillors now suspiTt J'lvn Bnrtok and cx-hnsband Kurt .Tnrgen.v fooled them again. Their re-wed ouch other flash apparently wns In promote his new film ih'n nnmo of which will oosl the u.mial rates. — Your Girl Frldny. HICADH COAL MERCHANTS TORNOII I,K!K (UP)—The Indiana Coal Men-limits Association Heeled James K. Moore, Munrlc, us president today at a convention. Moore succeed!! L.1C. licllingn 1 of Now Albany. Kennclh Sines. Fort Wayne, ami Frank KLnichten', Hnl- ford. were oloctecl vice presidents and O.C. LHy.elmnn, Indliinupiills, reeled ed Kficrclnry treasurer. New directors wnr<> Harold ttena- naijcl. Auburn, and Harold Chnml- lor, Hope. HUBERT MUMIIIDH »«JI)IT » CIMCUI.ATIONI AMP DNI'I'MU I'HBIS "He wa» burying a bont and itruck oU,"