The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on January 29, 1968 · 4
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 4

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Atlanta, Georgia
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Monday, January 29, 1968
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4
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THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION For 100 Years the South s Standard Newspaper RALPH McGU, Publuf.tr Establishad Junt 16, 1161 Issued daily except New Year's. July 4. Labor Day, Thanksgiving and ChrisUiiaa. Second-class postal paid at Atlanta, Georgia. The A llanu Constitution (morning) and The Atlania Constitution and The Atlanta Journal (Sun- fUGfNF PATTERSON, fdilor day), published by Atlanta Newspaperg, Inc., 10 Korsvth St., NW. Atlania, Georgia 30J02. Home delivered subscription ratea (including taxes). Morning and Sunday, 1 week, 65c. Morning daily only, I week, 45c. Subscription prlcea by mail on request. Single copies' Daily, 10c, Sunday, 20c. Li PACK MONDAY, JANUARY 29, 1 Not Whether, Bui How Many Over the past several years Georgia has made dramatic progress in reducing its shortage of public school teachers. In August a year ago there was a shortage of about 2,000. Last year that figure dropped to less than 700 and most of those vacancies have been filled. Substantial salary raises last year and promises of another pay increase this year were major factors in reducing the shortage. Now that we are getting out of the woods as far as the shortage is concerned, it is good that a House study committee is looking once again into the certification requirements for Georgia teachers. The major controversy these days is how much control teachers colleges and university departments of education should have over teacher certification. In Georgia it appears that they have too much. Almost two-thirds of the membership of the Georgia Council on Teacher Education, which sets certification standards, are representatives of "teacher schools." This, many critics of our teacher-certification system argue, places too much emphasis on "how-to-teach" courses for prospec tive teachers as opposed to academic courses in their chosen and allied fields of specialty. While we do not go along with the argument that no "how-to-teach" courses should be required for prospective teachers, we do believe that a prospective teacher of, say English, should be required to take at least as many, and preferably more, courses in English as a candidate for a bachelor's degree in English. Furthermore, a teacher of English should have at least as broad a general background as do candidates for a straight degree in English. And certainly elementary school teachers, who have to be "generalists," should have the broadest backgrounds in liberal arts and sciences they can get. It is not a question of whether "how-to-teach" and school-administration courses should be required. They should be offered and some of them required. The question is how many. We'll probably get a better answer to that question when control not a voice, but controlof certification standards is taken out of the hands of the departments of education and teachers colleges. Eugene Patterson Without Even Saying Please Atlanta's prosperous suburb of Sandy Springs taught the city a lesson in 1965. The suburb's citizens voted 2 to 1 against joining the city. They were beseeched to take out taxpaying membership in the central city from which so many of them take their livelihood, and to repay Atlanta's rewards to them by bringing their participation and leadership within extended city limits. The traditional referendum was held. It proved to be an unworkable instrument for annexation of such a suburb. The suburbanites preferred to look to Fulton County for their services. And little wonder. In providing those services the county is subsidized by the city's taxpayers on a scale that enables the county to hold down the suburbanite's tax rate. City taxpayers' payments to the county exceed county services they get in the city by more than $5 million a year according to the group of young lawyers calling itself Good Government Atlanta. Thus Atlantans are paying for services they don't get for the benefit of Sandy Springs citizens who aren't paying fully for services they do receive. All this at a time when Atlanta lacks the money to cope with its own growing slum problems. A suburb's unwillingness to relinquish a tax subsidy is understandable, as a practical matter. But fairness to the city's taxpayers, as well as the health and growth of the city, are practical matters too. What can the city do? It can invoke an 18-year-old law and annex suburbs automatically, says Good Government Atlanta. Mayor Ivan Allen has already instructed City Attorney Henry Bowden to make a test case. Some people have questioned the constitutionality of a law that would force suburbanites into a city when they've voted against coming in. But the Good Government Atlanta lawyers find a U.S. Supreme Court precedent which held that Pittsburgh had the right to annex a nay-voting suburb "conditionally or unconditionally, with or without the consent of the citizens, or even against their protest." Bowden's strategy is not likely to be a wide-sweeping grab for Sandy Springs at the outset, although the area all the way north to Dalrymple Road qualifies for automatic annexation under the law (on a basis of population density or taxable wealth). Most likely it will be a limited case involving a single land lot so as not to stir up everybody at once. But once the constitutionality is established, Sandy Springs may swiftly find a court order bestowing the city citizenship it voted to decline. Hilficfii! S. White When Guidance Is Needed Most While his intentions are commendable, Rep. Albert Thompson of Columbus has introduced a marriage bill that should not get past the House Judiciary Committee. Mr. Thompson's bill would permit underage couples to marry without parental consent if the girl had a doctor's certificate stating she is pregnant. His reasoning is that no matter whether the marriage was a good, bad or lasting one, such a law would legitimatize the baby. But there already are laws on the books to make children born out of wedlock legiti mate. This can be done whether the mother decides to keep the baby or release it for adoption. The procedure is simple. There are at least two dangers in the bill. The first is that it would, in some cases, encourage under-age couples to have a child in order to overcome their parents' refusal to consent to a marriage. Second, it would allow a girl, of, say 14 years, to escape parental authority and guidance when they are needed most. A similar bill was defeated in committee last year. This one deserves the same fate. Russia Arranged Capture of Pueblo? aii X i -4 j ,!kL Lai WASHINGTON - The hijacking of the American naval intelligence ship Pueblo by the North Korean Communists proves some points that have long been painfully obvious to all realists and raises some ominous possibilities that cannot be ignored. A t 4- aU. f: J. il A a iu me nrsi, mis aci 01 in- Review Jf, Then Stop It The Atlanta Housing Authority has a longstanding policy of discriminating against mothers of illegitimate children and prisoners' wives who apply for public housing. Yet if one considers needs as the primary criteria for eligibility for public housing, it would appear that poor women in these two categories and their children need low-cost decent housing as much or more than anyone else. Need should be the prime criteria. When housing authority members argue that these women are, as a group, likely to Br live Galphin be troublesome tenants, they are probably right, generally speaking. But a policy of denying them decent housing requires prior judgment of future conduct. Is the authority qualified to make such a judgment? We believe not. The authority has ample power to require tenants to conform to reasonable standards. We understand the authority is reviewing this unreasonably exclusive policy. It should be eliminated. ternational piracy, an act too bald and undeniable to be excused just now even by our soft-liners in the Senate, establishes all over again that there really is a continuing, a determined and a dangerous Communist conspiracy against free world interests. The hard, bitter meat in this coconut is the initial and even arrogant refusal of the Russians to make any effort whatever to abate the bellicosity of the North Koreans. This puts into question, at least, the sincerity of all the long months of Russian protestations that they truly wished for some general easing of tensions with the United States. For our ablest intelligence people believe that the Russians in truth arranged and directed the whole enterprise. Why? The assumption is that it was the Russians themselves, and not the far less sophisticated Koreans, who wanted this ship for their own purposes to discover the nature and functioning of the highly secret gear it carried. The more significant political aim, it is believed, was to create the impression of a second gathering military crisis in Asia so that the American doves would heighten their clamors against the war in Vietnam with cries that we were about to be "involved" in a kind cf second front. Whether or not this was the Soviet purpose and it looks very much that it was the doves have reacted precisely and predictably in that way. What it all proves in the end, of course, is that, as the leader of the free world, the United States faces a time of testing of indefinite duration from ceaseless Communist probes that will grow bolder if American resolution weakens and fainter as American resolution remains strong and unterrificd. A ''Well Done' for the Mansion's Unsung Heroes Gov. Lester Maddox stood beaming before an unusual audience assembled in the basement of his new home last week. The fruits of their labor, he told them, were precious assets to the people of Georgia something all citizens could be proud of, something that would bring special distinction to the state. Evidence of the group's work was all about them. For this was the Fine Arts Committee which oversaw the adornment of the building and grounds. Although the landscaping perforce awaits thawing of the earth, the essential work in the interior is completed. And it is an achievement of the highest quality. This has to be the handsomest governor's mansion in America. The character of the interior was in large part determined by the style chosen by architect Thomas Bradbury: the columned symmetry of Greek Revival. That was a style popular in the early days of the American republic, and so it was that the committee settled upon so-called Federal period decor. The furnishings and appointments constitute a representative collection of the American decorative arts of the period, which roughly span the years 1785-1835. This was the era when the cabinetmakers of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, New England, Baltimore and Charleston dominated the market. Duncan Phyfe is perhaps the best known, and his works are well represented in the new Executive Center. Most of the furniture at the mansion, then, is Federal American. A few pieces are English of that era, and some including several chairs are contemporary reproductions in the Federal style. As would be true in the house of a rich person of that period, some of it . f Jo p- """""" "" '" SAMUEL KING'S WASHINGTON the decorative items are imported and perhaps of a somewhat earlier era an Italian marble mantel, Chinese export porcelain (Lowestoft), Sevres vases, stunning Aubusson and Savonnerie rugs, etc. Fabrics for upholstery and curtains also reflect the tastes of the Federal period. Of particular interest is the cerise upholstery with gold medallions in the state drawing room; copied from originals of the era, it also is used in the White House. The house contains a splendid, though limited, collection of American paintings. Among these are a pair of portraits by John Neagle in the state drawing room, a superb still life by Severin Rosen in the state dining room, anonymous portraits of Jefferson and Monroe in the president's suite, and in the rotunda a portrait of Washington by Samuel King painted in 1778 and only recently returned from Dublin, Ireland. In the entrance hall are busts of Franklin and Washington by the French sculptor Houdon. Even the chandeliers and the lamps are of the period, modernized of course with electrical wiring. Atlanta has no museum of the decorative arts, but this could well serve as one. (And happily, the Mad-doxes intend to open the public rooms six days a week.) However, although the furniture and furnishings are of museum quality, the new mansion is very much a home. It has overcome the sterility of a museum and radiates an aura of liability. The story of how this splendid house was assembled has not yet been thoroughly told, nor has proper credit been given to those responsible. The Fine Arts Committee was created in an executive order by former Gov. Carl Sanders nearly two years ago. Invited to take part were several dozen Georgians from throughout the state who had special interest and knowledge in such matters. Their political affiliations were not a question. The overall chairman was Henry Green of Madison, a contractor with a life-long interest in American and especially Southern furniture. The group then was divided into committees: furniture and furnishings, with Mrs. Albert Thornton as chairman; paintings and sculpture, Edward Shorter; gardens and grounds, Mrs. Mills B. Lane; books, manuscripts and memorabilia, Franklin Garrett. For more than a year, these committees have been meeting diligently. With Atlantan David R. Byers III as consultant, they screened the markets of New York, Washington and Philadelphia. They acquired a few gifts. They made decisions about the myriad details necessary for the completed project. When Lester Maddox became governor, Mr. Green asked him what he wanted to do about the committee. Keep it just the way it is, Mr. Maddox said, though he probably had carried few votes in that constituency. In fact, Gov. and Mrs. Maddox asked them to go ahead with the private rooms upstairs as well. The value of the committee cannot be overestimated, and the concept definitely should be preserved. For the committee not only brought their expert knowledge to the service of the state. They also insulated the artistic decisions from politics. A lot of money has been spent on this project. And enemies of the governor could have a field day tsk-tsking about chairs that cost more than a hundred dollars if the governor were responsible for the decisions rather than a nonpartisan panel of experts. As with a similar White House group, this committee also can serve the important function of screening gifts to the mansion. A governor for political reasons might be hard-pressed to refuse some god-awful Victorian hatrack from a well-wisher, for instance. The committee system takes the sting out of refusals. This protection of the mansion's integrity must be continued. It is to be hoped there will be appropriate donations, so that gradually some of the reproduction pieces and other lesser items can be replaced with authentic pieces. A committee will be needed. So Gov. Maddox had reason to be so pleased last week. He remarked that the mansion would be an impressive place to entertain industrial prospects and other guests. It certainly will. It is good that the people of Georgia will be able to visit and share in the pleasure of this splendid new governor's home. f. . . . Steady . . . Steady! . . . Careful . . . Careful! . . Pulse of the Public Tax Money Taken Abroad? 1 ru i ,mmmim MORELAND - Listen to the bleats (oinks) of the fashion people, travel agencies, and all the rest who are so fat and happy largely at the expense of the Leo Ail: m an Car Takes Him To Cleaners Of All Things: They say the difference between a statesman and a politician is that a states man thinks he belongs to the 5 state and a pol itician thinks ' the state belongs to him.' . . . She. "Youv?-C keep your car, nice and c 1 e a n." He, "Yeah, andi that's the way! my car keeps 1 me." . . . Gus says, via the Graham, Tex., Rotary "Scandal Sheet," "Maybe some of those folks trying to keep up with the Joneses are bill collectors." . . . The Delta Kappa Gamma international honorary educational society chapter at South Georgia College recently honored Miss Ida Belle Williams on the celebration of her 56th year as an educator in Georgia. Miss Williams now teaches at Bird-wood College, Thomasville. . . . "Sometimes it takes a lot of scratching around to get out of a situation you were just itching to get into." . . . Singer, "You don't like my voice?" Accompanist, "Lady, I play on the white keys and I play on the black keys, but you're singing in the cracks." . . . Kelly For-dyce says, "There are still some people living on love today, but they run drive-in theaters." . . . "I fell off a 60-foot ladder today." "Goodness! Were you hurt?" "Naw, I only fell off the first rung." . . . According to Lark Bragg, the best way to get a woman to listen is to whisper. Letters should be limited to 200 words. They are subject to standard editing. U.S. economy! Don't take it out on t h e m because we are sore at De Gaulle, they wail. De Gaulle's actions are supported by his people and they are just as responsible for him and his actions as we are for our president and his actions. We cannot afford to be duped into exempting tourists when some interests pitifully hold up students and teachers as examples of the horrible injustice of tourist restriction (reminding one of the poor widows and orphans our large corporations dig up so tearfully from time to time). Many tourists are now demonstrating their unconcern about the American economy. We should eliminate all import tax exemptions for travelers, tax all monies taken out of the country by them on a graduated basis starting at 10 per cent the first $500 and rising rapidly. We should no longer keep the families of our armed forces in Europe as a grave injustice is also being done to at least one branch, the Marines, followed closely the Navy, whose forces are largely in Vietnam and at sea, and for whom there are no compensating tours with families in Europe. Further, in event of trouble, there would be a fiasco in which the sole concern would be evacuation rather than fighting. We cannot afford to remove the limit below which our gold reserves cannot be depleted as another run would be started to drain us of all we have and then we would have no choice but to buy and sell gold at the world market price just as desired by De Gaulle. We should authorize travel only by U.S. operated systems where they are available, and never reimburse civilian or military personnel or dependents when they travel otherwise, especially in France. Hie current flurry about cutting our overseas staffs by an average 10 per cent may turn out to be little more than a ruse to get the income tax surcharge law enacted. Once the surcharge is on, other efforts would be for "voluntary" self-discipline which has never worked. I personally stand to lose by a tax surcharge, but will support it on condition that the effective date of the tax surcharge is to be when, and only when, the other actions have enforced by a law and the balance of payments brought into line. Nothing should be volun tary just as paying more taxes will not be truly voluntary. J. S. McBRIER. THE BIRD: According to Franz W. Zeiske, Bellville, Texas, publisher, whom I once met at the TPA, on the 150-yard sixth hole of the golf course at Bellville, a quail ran across the fairway and the green. "Look," exclaimed one of the foursome, "a partridge on a par three." ; JEST FOR TODAY: A young bachelor was telling a friend that he called on his girl the other night and was hardly inside the door before her mother started asking questions about his intentions. "That must have been embarrassing," the friend said. "Yes," he admitted. "But the worst part of it was that my girl called down from upstairs and said. 'No, Mother, that isn't the one!"-R. E. Cross, Clayton Tribune. I LIKE THIS: "You can't keep your eye on the ball and or. the clock at the same time." HIGHLINES: Here's a bit of good news to pass on. This year may even see an end to the war between the sexes. With the advent of the miniskirt, the girls obviously have the men outflanked. Jan McKeithen, Camden County Tribune. Joseph Kraft Guns in Vietnam Prevent Detente WASHINGTON - Last year made it plain that guns in Vietnam could not be combined with butter at home. And this vear is mnkinir it plain that the United States cannot have both guns in Vietnam and a detente with the rest of the Communist world. That is the bitter lesson of getting in the way. For example, minutes before Ambassador Auatoily Dobrynin returned home for consultation ten days ago, Secretary of State Rusk was obliged to warn him that a recent air raid near Hanoi had scattered into the waters near the port delayed action bombs which might imperil Soviet ships. On the Soviet side, there appear to be moderate officials keen to maintain working relations with this country. But the moderates seem to be on the defensive on a host of issues, including economic reform and cultural liberalization as well as relations with Washington. By no mere accident, the backsliding of the Big T w 0 towards confrontation finds most of this country's closest friends across the Atlantic looking the other way. The fact is that they are less and less interested in carrying the burden in the quarrels that now divide the United States and Russia. What is happening in short, is the self-isolation of the United States. Being indignant about the Pueblo, justifiable as indignation may be, will not turn that tide of affairs. What is required, what more than ever shapes up as the most urgent task of all, is containing the war in Vietnam. the seizure of the USS Pueblo by the North Koreans. And the lesson is the more bitter because it is evident that this country's traditional friends want no part of a now confrontation with the Communists. To be sure, the Pueblo affair could be an isolated incident conditioned by very special circumstances. Moreover, the North Koreans are Asian Communists, sensitive to Peking's pressure for a hard line stand against the United States. But North Korea also has a common border with the Soviet Union. With respect to Vietnam, the North Koreans have supported Moscow against Peking in coming out for united action on behalf of Hanoi. Thus it is going to be very hard for the Russians to back away from what the North Koreans have done. The more so as abundant signs indicate that a recent era of good feeling between Washington and Moscow had about reached the end of the line anyway. Not that Washington willed it that way. On t h e contrary, having just reached agreement with the Soviet Union on the text of a nuclear nonproliferation treaty, t h e Johnson administration has been eager to go to new arms control measures. But the Vietnamese war keeps

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