The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on June 17, 1968 · 37
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 37

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Monday, June 17, 1968
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37
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THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION, Monday, June 17, 1968 Gonstitution Wins Pulitzer Medal for 1930; Women Given Awards for Best Novel and Play r i if ) A f I ; via Dt V Calls In His Loan i imners 1 '.AidtesXiOmerx ( I Etc . fly imnr. jai,phin J Cmpt. Con. Zack ("ravey's loan ! examiners were t olf I in a cnllivl . iiHTliiri Monday that Cravcy! i would lie present to hear any Ins--.tim-niy tliry ni'dil give the new' I-'nI: cm drawl .Jury. ; Tliiit iiifnrmallim u.ns delivered i by Cravcy' ntmniey. Uokp tfmith, .it a salheriiv lulled by the !U.MM""; '.:.inr': t :: : .''ir o.'i-'i Vi.ui' 10. a i.'r.:::.-! hi'l rrin.V fnr sV. Fwj cn Paper's Graft Expose Is Called "Most Disinter-ested and Meritorious Public Service" in Journalism During 1930. BY THE ASSOCIATED TRESS. Vigorous editorial trarfare against virulent corruption in tho municipal government -wod the Pulitzer goM medal tor The Atlanta Constitution', one of tb oldest and wost progrts-. American Bewnaper mderiric the most disinterested and meritorious public service, during J!)30. 1 Established June It, 1S68, when Atlantn Mill lay in the ashen oC th Civil War; The Constitution for thrci generations ha been controlled ami ' guided by the Howell family, the jour- statistic forbear oE which wag a dU tinguished Confederate officer, Captain. Evan P. Howell. Many of its enterprises have been closely inter wovea with the irojress o Georgia and it has been regarded as a factor in shanine ODinion in the entire south. In its latest endeavor, the paper, under the leadership of Clark Howell, editor and publisher and son ot cap tin Hnwell. wared a relentless cam paign on political racketeers in the city hall. Beginnins late in 19-11. The Constitution pursued the crusade thmm-H a juries of irrand jury in quiries and a score of trials in 3930. iri?e nns rcsmicu in involving chain gang iuy fines for council I Margaret Ayer B a r n e s; Takes Novel Prize and' Susan Gla spell Wins' With Play; Robert Frost Honored for yerse. J'A 1 lit ASSOCIATED TRESS. NEW YOliK, May 4. The Pulitzer ; prizes in journalism and letters were" awarded todny for achievements, which! ranged from a Tiovtl ot war-time America to the solution of a murder ly a newspaper reporter. "Tw .ot Grace," by Margaret Ayer Barnes, was chosen 'by the jury ot awards as the novel published In 10"0 which "best presents the whole atmosphere ot American lite." The prize winning I'll"? .Misons, , House," written by Susan dispell, , and produced by Eva Ee Gallieffw at ! . the Civie Repertory theater. Its I characters disguised by fictitious, i'nst names, the rlay deab with the- be-, ..mOUS hted recognition ot the poetry of m allh Emily Dickinson. ! Above ire Tlx of the 1930 Pulitzer rme winners, whose selection other prizes in the field ot letters, irasun tivii-i - .......... .t j v.. i. a... :.u ii ..... ! wirpil relentless cam-.wJS announced oy ins roaro oi trustees t icw ivi. raunui uigm. m were awanieu to me x-niowing: me eu in inc mp iuw i v,nu huwch, tuuui nu i'u.uu ii iu& v..n- ln mrr, to lue coming oi mej stitution, which was awarded the prize lor the most meritorious puNic; w ,,114' bv r.ernadotte E. Srhmitt: iu biography, to 'Charles 0ry ciinptrtillpp Koiirrai at liif Capitol ' Mi'iiilay iiinrnin. It was thp p)l!'l j-'irh :ni!mntv . in;: of employes by Cravcy in tlip . iitfi cWit days. I 'J"!ie comptroller cencral hntl hi . loan'cxaminers called in from all ; I over the slate by telephone to the Monday conference. There ba introduced them to Smith. vhn. 1m said, was rpnrp. ipnlmi Ihpm nmne fhpi rn:ir!'o that he instructed employes to campaign for him at stale expense last summer. Zack Cravcy Jr., himself an at torney, also sat in 011 the meet ing, along with Cravcy Sr. anct Ralph Cadle, chief deputy loan. commissioner. Smith told them that In effect, none of the evidence submitted in the case to the grand jury which went out last Friday was valid. This was in line with his contention in Fulton Superior Court last week that no witnesses could Continued on Fage t, Column 1 Can Face Accuser Code S?vs A new Fulton County grand being sworn in Tuesday may some instructions on a 1943 Riving certain state officials rislit to cross-examine gran i witnesses, it was learned Mil i Judge Jesse M. Wood is tiled to charge the May-June i jury which probably will be . sented evidence against . Compt. Gen. Zack D. Crav whose attorneys have pointf. 1 the law s requirements ' CAN CROSS-EXAMINE . Inner the law, a sla faced with a charge I wrongdoings in office 1 i. . ii V. ,'xJ i.nis accusers ociore me &'rl cross-examine them befo mttrms-M net inn la' Staff Photo Chjrltl Pugh n.LPII MeGILL GETS TOP AWARD ('u!i.:t:t!tt;(iu hMiliii- Cited or Editorials and Leadership service performed by a newspaper. Second from the left is Susan Was cell, author of the prize winning play. "Alison's House." Kext is .Mar garet Ayer Barnes, author of the prize novel, "Years of Grace." On the rieht is H. R. Knickerbocker of the Philadelphia Public Ledger and the New York Evening Post, who won the prize for th test newspaper cor- ty otficials-30 pleas' respondence. Below on left is Charles R. Ryckmsn of the rrcmont ersons awai'ting trial! (Neb.) Tribune, who wrote the prize winning editorial and zi the riRht is Edmund Dulty ot tne uiuimore un, wno crew ine prize winning ca.-toon. Photos are by he Associated Press. .if puiltv: J'J oersons and only seven acquittals. Fifty-three indictments were returned. The campaign was long ana bitterly fought, for in th- words of the urand juries a clique bad "managed to get into office and to perpetuate themselves in office because ot the indifference of the Voters." And so far-reaching was this rin?. said the investigators, that not one pint of disinfectant, not one jwund of floor clean er nor one ounce of lavatory supplies could lie sold to or bought by the city ; without payment f grafr. , It was not until 17 month arter Old-Styled Reporting Job i Wins Prize for MacDonald on for organ-Tucs-i cL Dr. W' ' cntal Kan- i McGiWs Columns Win Pulitzer Prize The Atlanta Constitution's Editor Ralph McGill has won the Pulitzer Frize lor Jus editorial writing;. The Pulitzer Prizo is generally regarded as journalism's highest award. The award was Riven McG'ill Vebi ti. for the body of Ills work during lfij.1. Specifically cited was an editorial column written immedi- McGill. on the Sunday of the bombing", bad been to Copper Hill, Tenii.. to make a speech, lie re turned to The Constitution Sunday BE he ) tcf HT SIDNT.V B. WmPPUi NEW YORK. May 4.-(lT)-Fflr doinjf an 'old-fashioned job of news- i l'.Ktl, that The Constitution was aw-raperreportins an all-inclusive term, to say: "inc main naiue nas ucrn jt embraces any thins from solving a murder mystery to "writins the facts won. . Atlanta, at lasi, is ncru wi the vampiw of Rraft." ' Thi Constitution is the third southern and second tieorsia newspaper to be awarded the Pulitzer prize for the American newspaper rendering the most disinterested and meritorious public service in a given year. In Continued in Page 2, Column 5, tersely and accurately." A. It. Mac- Donald, reporter for th? Kansas City Star, was awarded today what is con-aidered on of the finest distinctions in the newspaper world The 1'ulitzcr I'rire. MacDonald was jent by tia news- W. Eliot" bv Henrv James, and in vi-rse, to "Collerteii Tocms of Kohkrt Krost.." The jury's tlrcision marUrd tlx- second time Mr. Ernst had won a Pulitzer prir.c. His "New Hampshire'1 was chosen in 102-1. , Prizes of 5J.OO) "i'ompany an awards in the foreRoinp croup erccpt in historv. in which the award is ?2.fKX'. 'n. stliintuPnncfJhilinn was chosen J" as the newspaper which rendered "the tation 'most disinterested mut meritorious jiv ill. ! publie service' in 10.'!0. Th! award f' 1 was based on thp fart thf.t The Con-, dircc- I Simmon connnciru a Kiira!-iu posure of municipal jrafr, with conse iitipue rnnrietinns. i - . . .. . . . . . a A. IJ. Ma'Ooinld. or tn stair nt .to.fje tbf Kansas City Star, win the Sl.wij prizf for the best cample ot a re- mft 5 porter's work wbieh aci-omplishel some ptinliP gooa conimanuuiR i'uu proles- ill be paper to Amnrillo. Teas. to "jef murdor story. A. I. Payne. .1 prominent attorney, bad Wt hi' hme. one day in June, telliiip his wife he would .'it. . - t.:. . rri M... ln.i.n nml n Will i I'l I"" ' "' -.'.'" "" I - .",,, 11 Son. A. J). .UiVIie. .Ir.. emrrCH tnes nueiunui nnu . tu.U. .n r.1ln-.i,n. lSnth'werp. MarDnnald was fent to Amarilio. f ti ri. I'nvne. 11 was sa n. nan rn-i i'isn hi ia INSIDE TODAY U.S. Testing Red Sincerity niely following Iho dynamiting of afternoon and learned of the the Jewish Temple here last Oc-1 bombing. He sat down at bis type-lober. Tlie award winner is re-; writer, and 28 minutes later the produced in column one.) j column was ready for the type- The announcement Monday cit-1 scllcrs ed McGill's "long, courageous The standards set tin by the and effective editorial leadership." Pulitzer Commitleo for the edito rial section of the prizes read "For distinguished edi- m (tin TnmnTn ,T,-n-i. J SCfllOn pinion High School S Jik? ,this Page 2 ' CUT fS 1M on any tax raise, Atlanta asks Fage 7 URBAN RENEWAL financing completed here rage 12 Annie Lou Hardy is Billy Graham It Business S7 Cclcstine Sibley 2Q Classified Ads " ' 23-27 Comics 30, 31 Crossword Fuzzla so "EJ -VfTft 4 Hte ..1. -i ii . 1 iia.si .is uiu luiiR 01 1 auiu, ninii ! dog minds." JIc said in the column that "this is a harvest. It is the crop ot things sown. . . It is not possible to preach lawlessness and restrict it." lorial writing, the test of excel lence being clearness of style, moral purpose, sound reasoning and power to influence public Continued 00 Page t, Column 1 emies." but who they were could not be discovered; An afiahl-! man. this attorney. Continued In Tift 2, Column 5. and GlobXy of MrsX X Tiff ssr pK.r,. ftfi N j son Gets Pulitzer News Honor Constitution reporter John H. (Jack) Nelson Monday was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for local reporting. The award, journalism's highest, WINS PULITZER PRIZE Jtrporfer JackNelion. was for Nelson's articles about the State Hospital for the mentally ill at Milledgeville. The stories appeared in The Constitution dur ing 1959 and led to an overhaul of the hospital, its staff and its organization. IN ATHENS ON VICE STORY Pulitzer Winner Last to Get Word By BRUCE CALPHIM Jack Kelson himself was one of the last Constitution staff members to know he had won a Pulitzer award. It required some' time to locate him by telephone to apprise Dim of the award He was in Athens at the time ef the announcement, following through the story of vice in the university city with the same tenacity which distinguished his Milledgeville articles. This "total involvement" in a ; a driving ability g into matters u!d prefer kept in tEtaS) shadows, is the Nelson trademark HOSTILITY AT FIRST . The revelations about Milledgeville encountered no mere foot-.dragging, but open hostility from hospital officials, state political 1 j leaders and for a time from some segments of the medical-profession. But Nelson kept the spotlight of shame trained on the hospital. . Continued on Page 12, Columa 3 Milledgeville Stories Won 4 Top Awards Jack Nelson's reporting on Milledgeville State Hospital led to four awards, all presented in recent weeks. They are: 1. The Pulitzer Prize for local reporting. 2. The rational Sigma Delta Chi (professional journalism fraternity) Award for public service. 3. The' Green Eyeshade Award of the local Sigma Delta Chi professional chapter. 4. The Bell Aw aid, presented by the National Association for Mental Health. The Pulitzer award committee in New York made the award (and $1,000 prize) to Nelson "for a distinguished example of local reporting in a United States newspaper, published daily, Sunday or at least once a week, during the year, the test .being the quality of local news stories written under the pressure cf edition time." The judges cited his "excellent reporting in his series of articles on mental institutions in Georgia." This is the third Pulitzer Prize won by The Constitution and the second in successive years. Last year editor Ralph McGill won one for editorial writing. 3n 1931 The Constitution won the prize for meritorius public service for Herman Hancock's reporting on graft at City Hall. HERE SLNCE 39S2 Nelson, 30, has been a reporter on The Constitution since 1952. He attended Georgia State College, is an Army veteran and a native 0! Biloxi, Miss. He lives with his wife ar.d three children at 2IC7 Clcndale Dr.,! uecaiur. Other-winners of 13 Pulitzer Prizes were: Fiction: Allen Drury's "Advise and Consent"; Drama: "Fio-rello": Public Service: The Los Angeles Times: Local Reporting (no edition time): Miriam Olten-berg of The Washington Evening Star: National Reporting: Vance Trimble cf Scripps-Iioward Newspaper Alliance; International Re porting: A. M. RosenLhal cf The New York Times; Editorial Welt ing: Senoir Chambers of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot; News Tho- Continued 00 Page 12, Column 1 j To Co Eiscnhi craft tr' Tuesd; of th and 11 . the t Wash) noon.( The leave ( for ai.. and s (EST) tStory And Now For The Next Century Of Publication On this day June 17, 1968 The Atlanta Constitution enters its next 100 years of publication. On this page are four accounts of the Pulitzer Prize this newspaper has received since the awards were first given in 1917. Grayson Kirk, president of Columbia University, has this to say concerning the administration of the prizes: "The first Joseph Pulitzer, in the fullness of a useful life, devoted his great energy and ability to the task of making people think. Today in this half century of the Pulitzer Prizes after his death, his influence continues to kindle creative efforts of men and women through the medium of the prizes which bear his name." The stature of a newspaper is often, the measure of its influence. And the leadership offered by a newspaper in sound reasoning and power to influence public opinion in what the newspaper believes to be the right direction also measures its success. We would hope this newspaper and its spokesmen will be worthy of recognition in the years to come. We hope more we will continue to stimulate people to think. Churchill Arrives, Jabs Montgomery action on an indictment i Former Rep. Hoke Sm of Cravey's lawyers, cot that Sol. Gen. Paul ! Snnrlal PrncrnJnr Paul head illegally presented evirr-against Cravcy to the no'.'" charged March-April term by not complying with that 0 Smith, it was learned, discu' the mailer with Judge VJ Monday. DELAY HALTS PROBE Delay caused by the tion Cravey brought jury's investigation of h. held up any action on a pi indictment against Cravey the matter will have to be died by the incoming jury, 'f said. I ' ' Webb also said after the was raised that he "pre. ' will" allow Cravey to apne 1 fore the jury, although he conceded that Cravey tl right he claims. The solicitor said he migi' , Cravey go before the jury to keep down any argumer court. 'n The jury had subpoen ; ords of a number of Cra ployes involving their expense accounts durL mcr s political campt ' Bruce Edwards, Craveyv poncnt, charged him wit state employes for politic j , poses. T r ri X if " V'.'":" V;, ; J 4 CONSTITUTION' EDITOR' Eugene Patterson. Drive Is On to Bias, GOP Chai By SAM HOPKINS ; m Constitution Political Editt' Gov. George Romncy of Michigan i I woo votes for a possible presidential race party movement'would seek to "legalize Such a movement expected to be headed by former Gov. George Wallace of Alabama-would be "futile" and "a tragedy to the South and to the nation." Romney said during a series of speeches and press conferences in Atlanta. "States shouldn't hitch their wagon to a fallen star," lie declared. Romney, who is shown ahead of President Lyndon B. Johnson in some popularity polls, said he definitely will run for the Republican presidential nomina- UUI. egr : fed to Patterson Named Pulitzer Winner Eugene Patterson, editor cf The Atlanta Constitution, Mon dav was named winner cf the 1967 Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing r lion it want 1) Althe the Jot "the gr-. tral ney I portini Vietnai. ' some . lege, wh t ; students f U.S. invci ; The Gf ' eral antil students? who wo teaerai Vietnam 'We a. Romney s; ican shouh says abot said he want to f of the pr rung or Romnel Sis his rX. 43. was attendine ! ward AIbe.e for Ks'. 'a.tesL Broad-. he did ' r . 0 U'jv Tr(viiirinn "a nn nils s i. Balance, and to author Bernard a meeting of the U.S. tomrnis sion on Civil Rights in San Francisco Monday when in- j formed that he had won the ! prize. ! Patterson told a wire service I reporter that the prize was an (honor for his newspaper and his staff and added: j "It's an honor above all -to .' renders cf The Constitution for being fair enough to read it even if they disagree. I appreciate the audience of the State I cf Ceorgia." The awards were announced by trustees of Columbia University after an hour and a half meeting longest in the 51-year tzer competition. hes of the Chris- lor.itor won ever Harrison E. Salisbury of the ramp 's Malamud for his best seller,! nam. i , i under raueiauii 5 awara was ior gen-1 eral excellence in editorial writing during Georgia's turbulent political year of 1966. Specifically mentioned was an editorial supporting the seatine of Julian Bond, a Xegro. in the Georgia i Atlanta uenerai AssemDiy. .,r,mory f me editorial Pulitzer was the '.during withdrl How was "ri calatic Romi fourth time The Atlanta Consti lution has been awarded top journalistic honors. It won a Pulitzer in 1931 for a campaign be a tr to the j. '.the prf against municipal corruption; to decit Publisher Ralph McGill won a extend Pulitzer m 1959 for editorial writ- with wh J ing, and Constitution investiga- dowed 1 tive reporter Jack Nelson wont He one the following vear for a Wallatf campaign for mental health re- racial THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION wo i - isew iore umes m ir.e inter-1 lorm at Milledgeville State Hos-'banner c rational reporting category. , p;tal. Neison now is southeast-'ernment I Hughes won for 'thorough re-, era bureau chief for the Wtirmprf A Tl. I A ' m: porting cf the attempted Co: munt coup in Indonesia in 1965 and the purgs thai followed in 1965-66. Awards in literary fields in cluded these lo playwTight Ed- n-i-.n iimcs. .. - equality Patterson, who succeeded Mc- rights wiP Ccntipuedoa Page t, Column ifS

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