The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on April 1, 1973 · 2
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 2

Atlanta, Georgia
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 1, 1973
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2-A Sc Atlanta Journal and CONSTITUTION ft : SUNDAY, APRIL 1, 1973 Last POWs CLARK AIR BASE, Philippines (AP) The last group of American prisoners freed from Hanoi prisons headed for home Sunday and officials here awaited the arrival of an Army captain billed by the Communists as the last U.S. POW of the Vietnam war. A C9 Nightingale medical plane left Clark at dawn for Saigon to pick up the latest returnee, Army Capt. .iobert T. White, 32, of Newport News, Va. Officials expected White to be freed later Sunday in the Mekong Delta by the Viet Cong. "We can't say exactly when he will arrive at Clark because of past delays, but we are hoping to have him here today," one reported. A crowd of well wishers cheered, kissed and hugged the departing former prison-e r s , garlanding them with flowers and giving them parting gifts. The first of four C141 hospital planes, carrying 16 men, took off at 8 a.m. 7 p.m. Saturday EST ior Andrews Air Force Base, Md., via Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii. Three other C141s, their departures staggered at two-hour intervals, were bound for Sheppard A i r Force Base, Tex., with 17 men March Air Force Base, Calif., with 20 and Travis Air Force Base, Calif., with 16. Returning with the 69 Americans was Lloyd Oppel, a 20-year-old Canadian missionary captured in Laos last October. He was freed by the Communist-Pathet Lao in Hanoi along with nine Americans captured in Laos. Air Force Capt. Keith H. Lewis of Goldsbort, N.C., limped heavily on his right leg as he prepared to leave Clark for the United States on Sunday's first flight. But this did not prevent him from following the other men to the onlookers to thank them for their hospitality and concern. Boycott of Meats Scheduled Here ;.; By CHET FULLER "The ceiling the Pres!dent has placed on meat prices does prove that consumer pro-test is effective," said Lynne ' Hanagud of Fight Inflation To- gether (FIT), "But," she warned, "as for the meat boy- v cott starting Sunday, all sys-" v terns are go." ; "Meat prices are still too ; high for the average consum-; er and we think we can do -something about it. At least '. ' we're going to try," she said, ; ' FIT members have been . demonstrating in front of many Atlanta-area supemiar- ; kets since Thursday and have 1- passed out many leaflets urg-; ing shoppers to support the 1 scheduled meat boycott to last ; through the following Sunday. THE GROUP is asking that during this week people re-- lrsurW:buyihg,.c& sating" - mcatr" That doesn't '- Include I - fish. : 1 7 "So far we have had no bar-- assment from any of the store - managers or owners," said 1 Mis. Carolyn Haskell, one of I the organizers of FIT "And surprisingly, at one If. Big Star supermarket, the ; manager, came out where we were passing out leaflets and '.4. meatless recipes and offered XSiywt'pockets for 'OUTTause'shSatci. "He told vTiis the', iky-high meat prices Xhave really cut into his X" profits. It stunned us so much we dida't know what to say." X ' Saturday,' was the heaviest ; ; day of demonstrations by the I y group who got help from I ; volunteers home from their jobs who joined in distributing leaflets. FIT'S aim was to hit the six major supermarket - chains and the three department store-grocery stores also operating in the area. GEORGIA Farm Bureau President II. Emmett Reynolds was quoted Saturday as saying, "Farmers are in the process of increasing beef and pork production so that the price can go down. But if the door-to-market opportunity is shut in their face, instead of increasing production, farmers will have no alternative but to reduce production accordingly." He added, "Meal boycotts, ceilings on agricultural products and so-called meatless meals will accomplish little more than get us deeper into the problem we're already in." "I realize that this is a very complex problem," said Mrs. Hanagud. "But all I see is that until the housewives started talk of getting togeth er to have boycotts, nobody seemed much interested in our problem. I know that the prices they are now charging for meats are just too high. ' My husband makes a good salary and we can't afford to eat meat. I think the boycotts can help." FIT has proposed that after the boycott ends next Sunday, people continue the meatless meals at least two or three days a week until prices go down. "We are amateurs at this," she said, "so we don't know how long it will take, but we hope people will support us and stick with it, because we just can't continue to let prices stay this high." Mrs. Haskell said that she has seen some evidence that a few stores are running a little scared of the boycott. "Some stores have been offering super specials this weekend on meat," she said, "They're hoping to get more shoppers to defect from the boycott. But I think enough people will support us. After all, some of these meatless recipes are very good. A SPOT CHECK of restaurants In metro Atlanta revealed very little about the meatless week slowing down business. "Really, we don't expect to see much of a change at all," said Ray Fletcher, manager of the Piedmont Road Old Hickory House restaurant, He estimated his restaurant goes through a thousand pounds of meat a week. Fletcher said he understood at least two restaurants are planning to participate, by having special vegetable dinners on the menu next week, but he declined to name them. NONE OF the other restau-r a n t managers contacted Saturday said they were adding anything special to their menus next week, although several said they always have vegetable plates available. Herren's Restaurant at 84 Luckie St. NW has a vegetable plate at lunch but not at dinner, manager Taylor Wise said. "But I think most people who want vegetables at dinner will go to a cafeteria anyway," he said. He, like Fletcher and other restaurant managers, said the effect of the boycott probably will be felt at the meat counter and not at the restaurant. "People who go to a restaurant expect to pay the price," Wise added. Early End Seen To Meat Controls WASHINGTON (AP) - The ceiling on meat prices imposed by President Nixon will probably be abolished by late summer or early fall and is not expected to be extended to cover other food products, Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz said Saturday. Butz also said current negative reaction to high meat prices in the form of boycotts has worked to reduce prices at least temporarily. But he said he doubts the negative reaction by consumers will last. Asked his opinion of various groups' plans for a meat boycott beginning Sunday, Butz f ' . , " '-!' " r 1 . ...V : i'. r::!. M yu, ..i a .-OV- s'ii Cuieftaiii Falls Fulton DeKalb's Fuqua To Retain Helm In Republican Balloting - -"J Stockbridge Residents Rush Possessions From Demolished Mobile Home ! l 4 n i ' 1 1 i t t - t- .1 a ,w . t . i lit M iS i - ' f " r J4j' v ; x ' .4 - - y i - - ..... n;. s 5v mo-" ' 4 11 'iBgfjj'nji Asiociated Preu Photos Elderly From Stockbridge Nursing Home Find Shelter at Local School MOTHER, CHILDREN UNDER BED Twister Roars in Like a Plane By JANE LEONARD Brenda Hawkins, who lived in one of the two hardest hit trailer parks on U.S. 23 near the Clayton-Henry county line, was clearing away her dinner dishes when "I knew something was happening." She recalled i smelling "something burning" and noticing lightning and heavy winds. "I wanted to do so many things," she said, but grabbed a blanket and tried to get her two children, age 7 and 2, out of the trailer. But as she ran for the door, her husband, Roger, shouted for her to take the children in the bedroom where he put them under the mattress and then laid on top of it. ..MRS. HAWKINS said she was sitting on the bedroom floor when the neighboring trailer slammed into the side of her own trailer, breaking glass, and smashing in the wall. She said she was thank-f u 1 that the trailer of the neighbors had protected her own home. The neighbors wer e in Alabama. "If it wouldn't have been for it, the tornado would have hit us harder," she said. Mrs. Hawkins said she remembered sitting on the floor and asking her husband if the loud noise overhead was an airplane. Barbara Sutton, -whose home on nearby Fielder Road . was not- fouched,- thought she" heard a train go by.. Her husband told her there were no railroad tracks near by. MRS. HAWKINS thought the whole ordeal could not have lasted more than five minutes but Mrs. Sutton thought the tornado had come and gone in five seconds and, "It looked like the sun was going to come out." Mrs. Sutton said the twister swept through an open field about 1 5 0 yards from her heme. The tornado uprooted trees and cut in two those left standing, ; literally "clearing out a path." ' . She - said the tornado was about "as wide as a street" and was smoking "like a big 'smoke stack ot some kind." . The tornado was so dark that she could not see the house on the other side of the open field, Mrs. Sutton said, adding that the twister, was "not like the little funnel you are supposed to see." By BILL MONTGOMERY Incumbent Jack Fuqua held onto the DeKalb County Republican party helm and south Fulton County forces wrested control of their local party from the established leadership in county GOP conventions Saturday. Conservatives were judged to have the upper hand following the DeKalb and Fulton conventions, the most hotly contested of party conclaves held across Georgia to determine what face the GOP will wear during next year's elections. CONVENTIONS were held in most of Georgia's 159 counties to elect party officers and select delegates to attend district and state conventions later this year. Fuqua, leader of political forces aligned with former County Commission Chairman Brince Manning, easily turned back a challenge from a faction led by incumbent chairman Bob Guh! and state Sen. Bob Bell. In Fulton, GOP chairman Dick Guthmann was unseated by South Fulton party leader Carey Schulten, an airline pilot who campaigned on the issue of a greater voice for his section of the county in party affairs. In DeKalb, the Bell-Guhl Republicans, who were back-ing oil company executive Ron Toms for the party helm, saw the signs of defeat early when their choice for tempo-ra ry convention chairman, Wendell Willard, was whipped two-to-one by Fuqua-backed Houston Smith, a Decatur accountant. Toms withdrew from the fight, after trailing Fuqua by the same margin three-fourths of the way through the balloting for party chairman, and moved for Fuqua's nomination by acclamation. Guhl was philosophical, and cheerfully predicted the party would unite against the Democrats after what he termed a ' traditional "family feud." GUHL HURLED a barb at his adversaries, with the remark that the victorious faction has some members "who call themselves conservatives, but where I come from they would be called radicals." Fuqua partisan Frank Miller, a former state senator and candidate for lieutenant governor, replied .that Guhl "has some people just as conservative as we have." He contended the losers in the DeKalb political fight were mainly political office holders elected by independents and Democrats, rather than "grass roots, working Republicans." A coalition of south Fulton and Sandy Springs Republicans, Conversatives and some blacks, elected Schulten the first Republican chairman from the southern portion of Fulton County in recent years. Backers of Schulten termed the Ohio-born pilot a hard worker, who would work for a more diversified Republican party, attractive to disen-; chanted conservative Demo-! crats who predominate in! south Fulton. !; State Sen. Armstrong Smith termed Schulten's victory a change in leadership from the "Buckhead buccaneers" Northside Atlanta Republicans whom he said controlled the party in the past. SOURCES IN the defeated camp, however, said Schulten's victory was put together by a coalition of ultra conservatives and local party functionaries who wanted more power for themselves. Guthmann, who stepped aside when the convention overwhelmingly adopted a Schulten-led slate of officers ,as an amendment to the nominating committee's report, , said he intends to stay in politics. He said he was interested in running for a newly created North Atlanta-based seat on the city council. Elsewhere in the state: Columbus Republicans elected Dennis Jones, onetime campaign manager for the late Mayor J. R. Allen, chairman of the Muscogee County party. Jones was recommended by the party nominating committee over acting chairman Foy Cason. MOER MORE State party chairman Bob Shaw and national committeeman Howard "Bo" Callaway attended the Musccgee convention to prime party workers for a special election to replace Allen. Former county chairman Bob Hydrick is running to fill the vacant seat. The Bib County (Macon) convention unanimously elected J. Hardwick Butler, an engineer, head of the county GOP at the behest of the party nominating com mittee. Bibb Republicans also elected Paul Jones, former state GOP chairman, first vice chairman of the local party. Richmond County (Augusta) chairman Herbert Kernaghan was elected without opposition to another term as local party chief, as Augusta Republicans organize to sweep three remaining Democratic held seats on the five-member county commission. GEORGIA BEING INVADED Asiatic Clam Multiplying Like Kudzu said, "The question is, do you really change your eating habits" over the long term? "Probably very little. You live out of the top half of your refrigerator and eat canned goods for a week." "Most Americans have a week's reserve of food" in their freezers and cupboards, he said. Butz's comments were made to a gathering of Young Republicans here Saturday and in talking with newsmen. Butz said that if all goes as planned among meat producers and the economy in general. ' By SHARON BAILEY The fancy tongue-twisting name is "Cor-bicula manilensls." That's what the scientists call it when they're in an academic frame of mind. Other times, they dub it the "Asiatic clam" or, more to the point, just plain trouble, because that's what this small yellow-shelled organism from halfway around the world spells for Georgia. "All biologists I know consider the Asiatic clam to be a plague," declares Edward Hall Jr., chief aquatic biologist with the Environmental Protection Division, state Department of Natural Resources. And, laments the state scientist, Georgia is faced with an invasion of the pesky critter that no one knows how to stop. Why do the clams get such a gloomy reaction? IN THE FIRST PLACE, they have a bad habit of swimming into intake pipes such as those for city water systems and attaching themselves when they're still microscopic in size. Then they grow up and block the easy flow of water through the pipes. This hasn't been a major headache yet but it's happened once or twice, and officials were concerned enough to send out letters last year to all the surface water plants In the state warning them about the clam. Then there's the matter of the Asiatic clam vis-a-vis the homegrown variety. "Where ever this clam spreads it tends to reduce the populations of native species, which many people consider much more desirable. You might think of it behaving like kudzu does when it gets loose," says Hall. And, finally, the clams have no redeeming economic value. You can't eat them, so the commercial fishermen aren't interested. Well, to be accurate, you could eat them if you like tough clams but no one much does except in Asia. CORBICULA MANILENSIS made its first recorded appearance in the United States in 1938, when llvas found in the Columbia River on the West Coast,' says James B. Sickel, a Ph.D. biology student at Emory University doing research on the species. Almost 30 years later scientists discovered it in tiny northwest Georgia mountain streams with pioneer-sounding names such as South Chickamauga Creek and Lookout Creek. That was in the mid-60's. Since then.'. Hall says, the clam has spread "like wildfire." It's been found in the Coosa. Chattahoochee, Ocmulgee, Ochlocko-nee, Flint and Altamaha river systems and where the environment is friendly the clam likes "relatively unpolluted waters" and sandy stream bottoms "you may literally find stream bottoms covered with them," he adds. The clam has been a problem in areas like California and Tennessee for years. But its officially documented history of causing trouble to man-made systems in Georgia probably began in late 1970, when the species invaded an intake canal at the Georgia Power Co.'s Plant Hammond on the Coosa River. THE CANAL WAS standing idle pending completion of a new unit at the plant, says Dr. W. Robert Woodall, a Georgia Power environmental specialist. Clam shells clogged the water pumps during a test run of the unit. The pumps were cleaned out manually and there's been no trouble since, Woodall says, "but we're worried about them (the clams) and we're looking into them. These little clams just grow by leaps and bounds." About a year ago, after the clams were found in the Ocmulgee River, the state issued letters of warning to all surface water plants in Georgia, some 100 of them, says Robert H. Byers, chief of the water supply section, Environmental Protection Division, state Department of Natural Resources. The only way to keep the clams from clogging up intake pipes in city water systems is to chlorinate the water as it first enters the pipe, he explains. The chlorine which is added to the water at some point during processing anyway kills the clams in their larval stage but does not pose any threat to human health. AFTER THE STATE ISSUED warning, Columbus officials checked their waterworks and found Asiatic clams "by the carload" in their intake pipe, Byers said. In another case, the clam was suspected of clogging up a several-miles-long water ' 1 1 J vf ? , iTtv v 1 j j Photo Uwiglit Hon Jr. CLAM TRACKER JAMES B. SICKEL His Quarry Is Under Microscope pipe used to supply industries in the Savannah area, Byers says. While Corbicula mani-lensis was never proven guilty ,it could well have been the encrustation that results in a diminished water flow through the pipe. But it's the effect on natural systems, not man-made paraphernalia, that bothers Hall and some other scientists the most. "Biologists are greatly opposed to the introduction of any foreign species because it upsets delicate relationships which have been worked out to perfection through millions of years of evolution," he explains. "There is no natural control over an organism which is introduced such as Corbicula, and as long as there is a food supply it will keep producing and spreading until some natural control develops. Our native species are not found in the density Corbicula is found." SEVERAL NATIVE CLAM species in the Altamaha River are endemic that is, they exist nowhere else in the world, adds Sickel. Scientists are concerned that the Asiatic clam might pose a threat to the long-term survival of these unique species. While it's "possible" that a biological control for the Asiatic transplant might be developed in the future, Hall says that at this point "I don't know what it would be and I've heard no discussion about such research." Sickel's research, to be carried out in cooperation with Georgia Power, will focus on the use of chlorine as a control mechanism. "A lot of work has been done in this area and I'm just carrying it further," the Emory student explains. Useful for guarding intake systems, chlorine cannot be used wholesale in rivers and streams because of possible toxic effects on many species, not just the Asiatic clam. Isn't there any good thing to be said for Corbicula manilensis? Hall thinks hard, and comes up with an answer. "Californians use Asiatic climis for fish bait." That's possibly one way the clam got spread around the country in the first place.

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