The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on April 10, 1968 · 1
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 1

Atlanta, Georgia
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 10, 1968
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BRAVES OPEN At St. Louis SEASON TONIGHT See Story, Page 39 VOL.. 100, No. 252 A1. LA NTA COM TITUTION r. o. nox 1689 For 100 Years the South's Standard Newspaper ATLANTA, GA., 30302, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10, 1968 46 PAGES, 3 SECTIONS Mild HOfRlY TEMPERATURE! 4 a.m. 37 J a.m. 5? 4 i.m. 57 7 a m, lam. a.m. 10 a m. 11 a.m. Noon 77 1 p.m. n 1 o m. 7 3 p.m. 7 4 p.m. 70 I p.m. 76 ( p.m. 74 7 p.m. 70 I p.m. M p m. 44 10 p.m. 44 II p m. ? 11 M. 1 a m. i a m. 1 Estimated TEN CENTS 2AA AAA D 0 -it .n T 0 -, ; ...... . ..... .. irfs?. :. 4m;, -.tujis Hfifijjf:-7- in x: iy-- TTTJu.tUx J Leader Is Laid To Rest I fin , u J if Staff Photo Owiaht Ron Jr. Thousands of Mourners Walk fo Morehouse College Behind Mule-Drawn Wagon Bearing Casket of Dr. King RALPH Until Minds Are Changed lanoi iiew i Is Sent 7k r& viessa Ry LEWIS GI LICK CAMP DAVID. Md. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced Tuesday a new I'.S. message to North Vietnam and At the services for Dr. Mar-1 received an optimistic report of progress in South Vietnam from J , Icomrr V 4Its n tin Luther King and in mc morials about the country pre- r -. . . . ccdinR the final - ?ntes, there lf ' ,v were many ref- fc-Jerenees to the I ' VJ mcn's hearts. This figure of poech is one ommonlv used. meaning is wnU knnu-n hi it itit. has become so glib a phrase that it perhaps needs examination. Men's hearts are changed, scientists say, by heavy deposits of cholesterol, by various diseases which impair vessels and valves of the heart, and by the processes of aging. What must, be changed, and what the figure -of speech means must be changed is men's minds. Many centuries of history leach that minds change slowly and when a personal or vested interest, usually economic or social, is concerned, they change most reluctantly. This is why it always has been a falsity to say, in discussing 'the long pent-up injustices of racial discrimination in America, that legislation could do no good and that one must wait on men to change their hearts. This is an evasion of reality. Had it not been for legislation enacted by the Congress and for constitutional interpretations by the courts, there would have been no real change in racial attitudes in America. To be sure, there had been progress in this area, but it was moving with the speed of a glacier and its speed would not have been greatly accelerated had we waited for men's hearts to change. Guilt Feeling The funeral services of Dr. King revealed, for example, not merely an immense outpouring of respect and affection for Dr. Martin Luther King, but also a great demonstration of guilt Continued on Page 7, Column 1 Bunker, who arrived from Saigon early Tuesday morning. the American ambassador there. Except for a late afternoon visit from the retiring U.S. Pa cific commander, Adm. I'.S. j Bunker reported "a new sense Grant Sharp, these develop- j of danger and urgency and pa-ments wound up a one-day triotism taking hold' in South strategy session between the j Vietnam in the wake of the Red President and his top diplomatic onslaught on her population and military advisers at this centers. mountain retreat. The new U.S. message to He said the attacks strengthened the Souther Vietnamese Hanoi, the second since the long : people's "anger and hatred for deadlock over talks was broken the Communists and their de-nearly a week ago, dealt with j termination to resist." alternate sites Which could be convenient to both sides" in starting preliminary peace talks, the President disclosed. Johnson also stressed accord among the Allies is the ticklish maneuverings leading toward possible negotiations with the Reds. He said, "We have con sulted with our Allies" about North Vietnam's latest talks proposal and "we are in agreement with our allies." The relatively bright picture of developments in South Vict- "So I am very much encouraged by what has happened there and look to the future with a good deal of confidence," the veteran diplomat concluded. The U.S. envoy, who was joined at the presidential session by special peace representative W. Averell Harriman, also said he does not believe the Saigon government of President Nguyen Van Thieu is disturbed by the prospect of negotiations with the Reds. He said the South Vietna- nam since the Communist city J mcse government's position is Ullfll.MVe lfl.1L .)(1IIU(II,V l-cllllt from Ambassador Ellsworth , Continued on Page 15, Column 1 Inside Today . . . MEMORIAL SERVICES throughout nation honor King. Page 2 HUNDREDS fainted because of heat and exhaustion during funeral march. Page 11 STATE POLICE guarded Capitol building during funeral. Page 10 ALLIES ANNOUNCE end to five Viet offensives. Page 2 Abby 21 Jumble 16 Aikman 4 Kraft 4 Astrology 13 Manners 23 Bridge 16 Outlar 39 Business 45 Patterson 4 Comics 16 Phillips 4 Crossword 16 Rankin 4 Deaths 13 Sibley 5 Dr. Messer 5 Sports 39-43 Editorials 4-5 Star Gazer 18 Harrell 5 TV 14, 19 Health 20 Theaters 17-19 Heloise 24 WantAds 26-37 House Will Vote Today On Senate Rights Bill By ART PINE Constitution Washington Bureau WASHINGTON In the wake of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., House leaders won permission Tuesday to schedule an immediate yes-or-no vote on the Senate-passed civil rights bill. By a vote of 9 to 6, the usually conservative Rules Committee reversed its earlier stand and agreed to allow the Senate version of the bill to come to the House floor unchanged. Speaker John W. McCormack, D-Mass., quickly set the balloting for Wednesday afternoon. The rules limit debate on the measure to one hour and prohibit congressmen from making amendments. Democratic leaders said they think they will be able to muster enough votes to approve the -Like Atomic Power- Here's an Insight of Easter: Jesus' Dying Yielded Life Easer. even more than Christmas, is the high point of the Christian year. Easter is. the gospel a word which means good news the good news that out of death could come life and triumph. Subject of this third of jive articles about, the Judeo-Christian festivals of spring is Easter. Only those who knew the atom j could advance the astounding; paradox of nuclear energy that the tiniest particle yidded the greatest power. And only those who knew Jesus could affirm the shocking paradox of Christianitythat dying yielded life. It's incongruous. But it's the By GEORGE W. CORNELL AP RdiKitm Writer Easter insight, the special Sunday song. "Christ is risen," the ministers proclaim. And it reverberates from the congregations. "He is risen indeed!" A wild thing to think, and it didn't come easy. Yet in a world that proliferates the incredible, which knows that silence teems with sound, that voids swarm with images, that up is also down, that light floods through darkest space, the contradiction becomes the commonplace. "God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise," the apostle Paul described it. "God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong." Natural, supernatural, normal, abnormal the differentiations blur in an age when medicine overruns the meaning of miracle, and when material physics itself, in discovering that the least is mightiest, echoes the spiritual puzzle of Jesus. The "first will be last, and the last first." he said. "For whoever would save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake, will save it." He was a wandering rabbi from Galilee, warm, quick, Continued on Page 13, Column 1 Senate bill and send it to the White House on Thursday. But conservatives already have served notice that they will try to block the vote and send the measure to a Senate-House conference committee a move some fear would delay the bill indefinitely. Opponents of the Senate-passed package will have the first move in Wednesday's parliamentary schedule as they seek to have the House vote down the resolution to take up the Senate bill. If they win, the measure will go back to conference committee, and possible deadlock. If they lose, the lower chamber will vote directly on whether to accept the Senate bill. The Senate measure includes the same mild Negro-protection provision which the House passed last August, but it also Continued on Page 15, Column 3 Lawns, Weeds Will Like This Variable cloudiness and mild Wednesday and Thursday in Atlanta says the U.S. Weather Bureau with a 30 per cent probability of light showers Wednesday. Temperatures are due to range Wednesday between 56 and 73. and Thursday between 52 and 75. Georgia forecast by zones is on Page 45. Kennedy Stirred Croivd the Most By REMER TYSON Constitution Political fcditor Next to the funeral for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Sen. Robert F. Kennedy created the biggest stir in Atlanta Tuesday. Kennedy was one of several presidential aspirants who attended the funeral. Wherever he went among the crowds gathered here, people cheered him, rushed up to shake his hands, pushed to touch his clothes, and, at one point, thousands of them mobbed him. The magic of the Kennedy name, with those gathered for the funeral, was obvious from the time several members of the family entered Ebenezer Baptist Church for the private funeral services Tuesday morning. A hum of excitement spread across the crowd outside the church on Auburn Avenue when the New York senator, his sister-in-law, Jacqueline (Mrs. John F.) Kennedy, and his brother, Sen. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts, appeared. After the private services, the crowd pressed toward the church until New York Sen. Kennedy and his wife, Ethel, came outside and joined the march to Morehouse College. There were screams of, "Bobby, Bobby!" from the crowd. For a moment it ap peared that bedlam might break out as the crowd surged toward Kennedy. Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and his wife, Happy, caused a ripple Continued on Page 6, Column 1 2 3Iules Draw Body in Wagon By ALEX COFFIN Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the grandson of a slave who lived to become a Nobel Peace Prize winner only to die by violence was laid to rest in his native Georgia Tuesday. Between ISO.Ono and 200,000 persons according to police estimates, took part in the dramatic, solemn and highly emotional march and services for King, who was slain at 39 by an assassin in Memphis Thursday. King's body was drawn across Atlanta in an old farm wagon by two mules. A host of dignitaries, including Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Sen. and Mrs. Robert Kennedy, Sen. and Mrs. Eugene McCarthy, former Vice President Richard Nixon, Mrs. John F. Kennedy, Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, Gov. George Rom-ney, and scores of other senators, representatives, as well Other pictures and storie3 on Pages 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14 and 44. as notables of religion, the civil rights movement and show business were in Atlanta for the day of grief and memories. The day began with a late morning service at Dr. King's Ebenezer Baptist Church, continued with the march of 4.3 miles to the Morehouse Col lege campus, where an open-air service was held. The day was nearing its end when King's body was lowered into a Georgia marble mausoleum in South View cemetery on a grassy slope within sight of Jonesboro Road. The services and march were orderly, but some persons did succumb to the 80-degree heat. The marchers sang such songs as 'We Shall Overcome" and 'Ain't Gonna Study War No More." but when the marchers neared the Morehouse campus, they became silent. More than 50,000 persons were standing outside the Ebenezer Church, where King and his fa-Continued on Page 10, Column 1 Ferry With 730 Sinks In New Zealand Harbor WELLINGTON, New Zealand W-A drive-on ferry carrying 730 passengers and crew sank under buffeting 123 miles per hour winds in Wellington Harbor Wednesday during one of the worst storms in New Zealand history. She struck the shoal and rolled over after drifting down harbor with her engine room flooded. Passengers and crew' were leaping overboard just before she sank. The storm blew out after about 8!2 hours and the sea became calm, but the winter temperature remained bitterly cold. The survivors were suffering Continued on Page 8, Column 5 The 8.914-ton vessel Wahine went down after she struck a shoal and rolled over. There was no immediate estimate of casualties. An armada of small boats and lifeboats picked up survivors in a massive rescue operation,, landing them on both sides of the harbor. A number of people were reported still in the water. The Wahine carried 600 passengers and a crew of 130. They Came from All Over To March Again for King By ACIISAII NESMITH quickly from the crowd. Then as the crowd al- They had a hard time getting the wagon in most closed off the line of march Sen. Robert through the crowd to accept its burden, and a Kennedy and his wife Ethel came through, the hard time getting the people to move so the senator's arms held back, accepting the hands body could be brought from the church, but thrust at him but looking sad and shaken and finally, at 12:30 p.m., the mule-drawn wagon unwilling to do that. "I touched him and he's with its casket covered in white carnations and shaking like a leaf," a Negro man near the Easter lilies moved out. front commented. Black men in black suits carrying black hats other dignitaries and celebrities passed and and mopping their . brows with clean white gradually the ordinary people stopped looking handerchiefs, people in African dress, nuns in anci started marching. Past Wheat Street Bap-heavy shoes, their scrubbed cheeks pink from tist Church and the black-draped Southern Chris-the sun, bearded boys and mini-skirted girls, tian Leadership Conferpnre. past the Yeah-Man senators and governors and priests, old women Beer and Wine Store. And then they began to and young men and children. really march instead of just walk, past the First, the officials and celebrities - Gov. R0yal Theater with "Day of the Evil Gun," on Nelson Rockefeller of New York early, shaking the marquee. hands as he walked, Sammy Davis in orange Ralph Buncn6i undersecretary General of glasses, weeping. Eartha Kitt red-eyed, Floyd Patterson with hands being outstretched to him Continued on Page IS, Column 3

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