The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on September 26, 1951 · 1
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 1

Atlanta, Georgia
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 26, 1951
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First Installment of Diaries Appears - Today Cloudy and Mild Cloudy, mild; chance of showers. Wednesday's anticipated extremes 65 and 84. Thursday's 67 and 88. Tuesday's 63 and 80. TH TITUTION FINAL CITY EDITION For 84 Years the South' s Standard Newspaper VOL. LXXXIV, No. 87 ATLANTA (2), GA., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1951 Price Fiv Centa ATLANTA CONS RALPH Once We . Paid a Price Ar American, and more p a r t ic u larly, perhaps, a Souther ner OPS Checks State Meat Violators Crackdown Here Hits Majority t - J- I . ' S r X 1 ren though WJ they hav America dislocated its economy, bankrupted a large region, subjugated it economically, and thereby created wounds which after near a hun'dred years are not yet healed. It produced, too, what is most dangerous to any nation fanatics. America did this in a civil war. Before it began fanatics refused to talk peace. But, in January, 1865, peace talks were held, though they were so restricted and circumscribed by the stubborn vanities and fanaticism of a lonely, bitter man, Jefferson. Davis, for whose impeachment much of the Confederacy was clamoring, they could not succeed. Blair r Br BILL BORING Government inspectors de- ' scended upon scores of slaugh- lookine at his i ter houses in Georgia Tuesday own history, j and in the Atlanta area found i will the more jthe majority of them were rumption'or j violating OPS meat control cease-fire talks regulations " . The drive began before dawn from Atlanta and Savannah,) spreading out into all sections of! the state. . - . The Savannah OPS district of-! fice reported its inspectors were operating in a 65-county area and results of the investigation prob ably would not be available until Wednesday. The lightning checkup " was a part of a nationwide drive which the OPS conducted from 50 key cities. TO ASK WRITS Following the drive here, Robert A. Blackwood, OPS district enforcement director, said in most cases his organization "will bring suits for injunction prohibiting the slaughterers from continuing slaughter operations until they bring themselves into OPS compliance." Blackwood said the inspectors All Freedom By JAMES RESTON New York Timet Newt Service, Special to The Atlanta Constitution WASHINGTON, Sept. 25; President Truman assured! Prime Minister Alcide de Gas-peri of Italy Tuesday that the United States favored the res toration of all Italy's rights as a free nation. A declaration to this effect will be issued by the United States, Britain, and France Wednesday. It foil make clear that these three countries favor releasing Italy from all restrictions contained in the Italian peace treaty, economic and moral, as well as military. The Italian peace treaty con- uary 14, riding in a carriage. The even weighing their meat but es- velt and Truman administrations, playing an influential part in the waging and endingltained a war-guilt clause, which Old Man Fr. ;: Is P. Blair was first seen in Richmond on Jan- FORRESTAL SWORN IN James V. Forrestal is shown here as he was sworn in as, secretary of the Navy. The oath was administered by Rear Adm. Thomas L. Gatch, Judge Advocate of the Navy, as Adm. Ernest J. King, commander in chief, witnesses ceremony. The first installment of the late secretary's diaries appears belowv ":- " , . - - '.,,.' THE FORRESTAL DIARIES ' ' ' i 1 ' ... , . First Defense Secretary Foresaw Future Hanging on Reds' Aims ; v . First of a Series) James Forrestal. the first American Secretary of Defense, was in many wavs an ex- found many Slaughterers Werent -.-. 1 flmira irrrri rt Viq ViirrVi (imrBrnment rffirorc nf tVio war anrl ' nrtct.war noririrlc (keeping records as required by , ... ... t.6i.j t i.. ; . : T3 national law and "some weren t s-nuugn never aixew ieaiei, uc seivcu xui ntxLLy iauc caia ui mc iup vc ui uic ivuuac UN, Red Negotiators Resume Discussions - - : " . . Of Parley Conditions Big 3 Favor Italy ' - T Hi ! I 5 I ! " . ' 'XJi i Richmond Examiner was angered. Old Man Blair had a son in Lincoln's cabinet. Another son was a corps commander with Sherman. What was Old Man Blair doing in Richmond? Was peace talk going on? It was. Lincoln had allowed the "Elder Statesman" to pass through the lines. Blair had a dream for Davis. It involved coming back into the Union and heading an army to drive Max-imillian out of Mexico, where Louis Napoleon had put him and where Benito Juarez "was pecking away at him with not too much success. But he made it plain, as Lincoln had insisted, the discussion should be concerning the future of "one common country.". Davis agreed, orf Blair thought he did. For the first time since the Capital was moved to Richmond (1861). Jefferson Davis asked his Vice President, Alexander Stephens, "The Pale Star," to eome there. The frail Stephens argued Davis should go alone. He refused to go at all. So, at last, three were named Stephens, John A. Campbell, Assistant Secretary of War, and R. M. T. Hunter. They went without too much hope, especially Stephens. Davis had changed his mind. He would not discuss peace and one common country. He bound them to the purpose "of securing peace to the two countries." Stephens knew Lincoln's passion for the Union. They crossed into the Federal lines on Jan. 29, and there met Gen. U. S. Grant, who sent them on to Fortress Monroe. There they received Lincoln's three Items "indispensable to peace." They were restoration of the national authority, no receding from the already expressed position toward slavery, and no cessation of hostilities short of an end of the war.. Lincoln, meanwhile, ordered Grant to continue the war during the talks as the United Nations forces in Korea have done since the talks were f;-- upon. Talks timating its weight." He said suits will be filed : against violators in the federal district courts here and elsewhere in Northern and Middle Georgia. Both big and small slaughterers ; were inspected, Blackwood said.' He added that the inspections would continue "until all violations are wiped out." AIMED AT PRICES James F. Hollingsworth, OPS district director, pointed out meat is one of the chief items. in the cost of living and said living costs' cannot be held down unless slaughterers are brought within price regulation compliance. of the second world war and in the critical opening stages of the "cold war" which has fol lowed WSB's TV Tops World In age By PAUL JONES WSB-TV will become the most Giants One Game Behind Dodgers; Yanks9 Lead Is 3 - . t . - -. . The " National League race tightened to fever pitch and the American League stretch loosened Tuesday. .: The New York Giants moved to within a single game of Brooklyn as Atlanta's Jim Hearn beat Philadelphia, 5-1, for the King Gains; Able To Take Nourishment New York Timet Newt Service. Special to The Atlanta Constitution take some nourishment." An earli- which said the signal was excel- The talks began, but the mis-fion was helpless. Grant wired the President he thought the men meant well, but were stalled by Davis insistence on peace for two countries," not one common country. He wanted Lincoln to talk, Lincoln agreed. In the north, when word leaked, the critics were fearful of Lincoln's kind heart. Great .was Stephens frustra- tion. He had long wanted Davis , impeached. Lincoln advised him ; to go back and get ;the governor I to call the states together and have them recall the troops, elect senators and congressmen, and ratify ' the amendment outlawing slavery to take effect after five years, 1 n .1' .. r .1 a t - "rr ? . l J w uuucui mmi "ie. ."'s lent. Other reports came from passea anoiner resum rugni ana Leesburg, Macon and Cordele was luuuuuius w ,i uHi,L. Immediately after the ruling k"??.?6 g"arded Ptinusm of granting the increased power was the bulletins, jt was apparent the handed down, set manufacturers King has stood up well in the w v,;J -v,; L -.-', :- av.r Tennessee and Alabama which "V".S the reach of u any television station lung still was short of completion. 'trf,": ' Several days must elapse, it W1,!.!: stressed in competent circles, be- . them m determining fore the doctors know all details i the covering range of the new of the King's affliction. ; Continued on Page 9, 'Column 3 3,000 Persons See Opening Of $6 Million JLxpressway clubbed Brooklyn twice, and 14-2. - . The New YorR Yankees hiked their lead to three games with out picking up a bat. Second- place Cleveland fell, 4-2, to Chicago and Washington's Bob Porterfield two-hit the third-place Boston Red Sox.. ' ' Meanwhile as first reports Of the nnuorfnl toWisinn station in the' fliants anH ih Ttnsfon Rravps i: j: i i itu . 1 Lunipudnci; uuve icaciieu "s"" j -world Sunday, ington, the OPS announced there. Tests Tuesday night proved this that it is establishing dollars and to be true when perfect reception cents ceilings on wholesale Pork was rep0rted from such distant prices and instructing retailers to places as- Thomasville (230 air Continued on Page 6, Column 4 miles away). Montgomery, Ala., - . and Seueca, S. C. ' The Federal Communications Commission Tuesday granted the Journal-Constitution station permission to increase its power to a maximum of 50,000 watts when WSB-TV moves to the giant new tower and Channel 2 on Sunday. Thus, the World Series, which begins Oct. 3 and the scores of other programs offered on WSB-TV will come within the range of thousands of people who have never had television. Thomasville. farthest noint an- LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. 26. swerinsr Tuesdav's test, reported King George continued to gain the signal the "best it had ever strength Tuesday and-for the lirst received." Monteomerv. aonroxi time since his lung operation Sun- matplv i7n air milpa awav rallpd day morning took nourishment No it a g0od, strong" signal. Other details of the nourishment nor:reports came m rapid succession now it was administered were jrom Senecaf S. C , 120 miles made public. . - . " away, which reported a booster A bulletin sixth since the op- was not necessary for perfect 'fr 3e 1"ng resection ;ception; Albany, 190 miles distant . VZ, J 5 u C" J; r which termed it a "beautiful fortable day and has been able to signal. and Greenville, S. C He coupled outstanding administrative abilities with an unusually reflective and philosophical bent of mind;- he was a keen observer, and was moved throughout by a demanding sense of public duty qualities all of which are clearly reflected in the papers which he left behind him. ' ' He was born on Feb. 15, 1892, at Matteawan (now Beacon), N. Y the son of a local builder and contractor who had 1 come from Ireland as a boy. After going through Princeton, Forrestal entered the investment ' banking . - Til - r i a r ' i nouse oi uiuon, neaa oc o., ana 6-3. I (with an interlude as a naval avia tor during the first world war) made a rapid and brilliant success in Wall Street, reaching the presidency of Dillon, Read at the age of 46. Two years later, in June, 1940, Franklin Roosevelt then broad ening his administration in face of the crisis precipitated by Hitler's onslaught on Western Europe, enlisted Forrestal's services as a' Presidential assistant. In August, 1940, he was appointed to the newly created post of Under Sec retary of the Navy: and as such he was to serve through most of the war as the officer chiefly responst blefor the material and procure- np Tni - I ment side of the Navy s. immense I HX IaStIIItIlL wartime expansion. in xviay, isn, rorrestai replaced WASHINGTON, Sept 25 (U.B. UirinVn ripath' Rprr-tar, nf thP The Senate Tuesday refused to Navy.- Shortly afterward he began increase excess pruiiis iacs auu wnat ne caned his "diary" an voted instead to provide relief for Accumulation of private notes and corporations sullering "nardsmps papers, more or less regularly kept under present excess prof its tax Up from that time onward and laws. I ultimately running to some 3 000 The action was a defeat for typewritten pages covering his Sen. O'Mahoney (Dem.. Wyo.). years of service as Secretary of who waged a day-long fight to the Navy and later Secretary of include provisions for a S720.000,- ueiense. un leaving the latter or 000-a-vear increase in excess fice in March, . 1949, Forrestal Drofits taxes in the Senate's $5.- recognizing the confidential na onn ooo nno tax bill . ture of much of this material t v,- rAm.n asKeo xnai me aiary pe deposited administration efforts to raise the " wu"...u'. Finance Committee Chairman "w Jrr..",i" George (Dem.. Ga.), leading the t JKiS., V Publication,' subject only to .ilai6t oU...4UaUa..iv,. vuu- cofuritv roi-iour nv thp nonaHment mg is responsible fpr innaUon and Qf Tpfpn!e '' that President Truman is seeking ln coiiaboration.with Eueene S to lax me puouc oeyono us ca- Duffield. assistant publisher of pdeuy 10 pay. The Cincinnati' TP.nniiirpr. thp left a certain moral condemnation upon the Italian people. It also limited Italy to an army of 250,-000, an air force of 350 planes and navy of no more than lil snpis. A communique issued from the White House after de Gasperi's 45-minute conversation with President Truman this afternoon dealt with these restrictions in the following terms: , "Mr. de Gaspert referred o tne contradictions between the spirit of the Italian peace treaty and Italy's present position as an equal member of the community of free nations. He informed the Presi dent of the legitimate desire of the Italian people that these contra dictions be removed. . . Senate Votes tions Corpora By ALEX JOINER To long-suffering Atlanta motorists, neurotic with traffic kinks. Slavery was doomed anyhow, ; the star-spangled dedication Tuesday night of the first completed! portion oi tne new super nignway system was just what the doctor ordered. - City, Fulton County, state and roared over the no-red-lieht. no- Federal officials who took part in left-turn speedway that halves officially opening the $6,000,000, traffic time from Brookwood Sta-three-mile north leg pointed out tion to downtown Atlanta. it is just the beginning of the mul-j Assisting Tarver in the ribbon-timillion-dollar expressway sys-( cutting and representing the four tem. But some 3,000 persons clus-; groups who are co-operating in tered about the platform near 16th sponsorship of the expressway Street seemed encouraged that a; system were Mayor Hartsfield, segment of the artery - softening Chief Engineer M. L. Shadburn undertaking was actually going' of the State Highway Department, into operation. . Division Engineer B. P. McWhor The Senate, after turning down O'Mahoney's amendments to wipe out some of the "hardship" relief provision in the finance committee bill, voted 7 to 15 to accept the committee's proposal for easing "hardship" cases. It then voted 62 to 20 to retain the present excess profits tax rate Under present law corporations pay an excess profits tax on in come above 85 percent of the average for their best three of the four years 1946-49. Continued on Page 9, Column BACK TO KAESONG - n Col. Kinney " ' News Lock -v ' Is Ordered By Truman By W. H. LAWRENCE New York Timet Newi Service. Special to The Atlanta Constitution Foe Is Shown Not Serious In Walkout By LIXDESAY PARROTT New York Timet Newt Service, Special to The Atlanta Constitution" TOKYO, Wednesday, Sept. 26 The United Nations and Communist liaison officers resumed talks at Kaesong Wednesday morning to arrange . conditions for new negotiations for an armistice in the Korean war. The Allied team set out by Helicopter at 9:40 a. m. from their base camp near Munsan. The meeting began at 10:01 a. m. The UN representatives were the same officers who met with th Communists Tuesday before CoL Chang Chunsan, head of the enemy liaison group, walked out of the meeting insisting he had authority to discuss only the time and date of the next plenary ses sion and not the tarms under which it could be held. The officers were Air Force Col. Andrew J. Kinney, of Atlanta and CoL. James C. Murray of the Marine Corps, accompanied by translators and other staff members, it was announced here. The new meeting which seemed to indicate that the Communist walkout Tuesday was not as serious an issue as originally supposed followed the offer Tuesday night by the United Nations command to resume the liaison talks. The Communist an swer, delivered to the Allied dela- w a cuTwriTnw c. gaiton early Wednesday morninz. - F Was not immprliatelw ma4a i,K1,. The President assured the President Truman signed Tuesday but aDnarentlv it n nrime minister that the United L pypmtivp order tiehteninff and ance. States Government is determined standardi2ing the handling of se-JheJet. no word, however. mai me siiuauoii nc iiau wto...v. . ..... . . . . "cuia tuang nas now oeen be corrected in a spirit of equity cunty information by all govern- given authority to talk terms ment departments, agencies ana Continued on Page 6, Column employees. , 7 7 - - - Taking account of protests by , " some newspaper editors that the order might restrict the now oi IVeic? Weapons No Guarantee, Lovett Reminds WASHINGTON, Sept. 25 (INS) Defense Secretary Lovett warned the nation Tuesday a g a in s t believing that "fantastic" atomic weapons will provide a "quick," easy and in expensive security." At his first news conference since he succeeded Gen. Marshall in the cabinet post, Lovett declared: "Optimistic statements on the military application of atomic energy have given the exaggerated impression that a quick, easy and inexpensive security might b.e now at hand.' Lovett said he agreed with many of the hopes expressed by Sen. McMahon (Dem., Conn.), congressional atomic - chairman, who has called for all - out A-bomb production and an atomic-age Army, Navy and Air Force. " But the defense secretary cautioned: A"guided missle on the drawing board or at the proving grounds eant win "heart-beark Ridge in Korea tomorrow morning." 10 Red Planes Knocked Out; Peak Seized TOKYO. Wednesday. Sent. 2S curity information or to covr upjU-PJ American pilots destroyed or legitimate news, Mr. Truman, in a letter to all agency heads af fected by .... the new regulations, ! said: "To put the matter bluntly. these regulations are designed to, keep security information away j from potential enemies and must not be used to withhold non-se-t British . To Defy Iran Order To Pull Oiit A Report Says mistakes made by any official or employee of the Government." In a executive order accompanied by 11 pages of de tailed - regulations Mr. . Truman directed all governmental offices to put in effect the classification system now used by the State and Defense departments. j Four grades of classified 4n-' formation are established, ranging from Restricted, through Confidential to Secret and Top Secret I The order said use of the highest classification should be held at an absolute minimum, and that the major test for stamping "Top Secret" on any document should be "recognition of the fact that I unauthorized " disclosure of information would or could cause exceptionally' grave danger to the national security." - Mr. Truman declared thai there was "no element of censorsnip, either direct e? implied" in the order and that it was his hope that by clearly segregating se curity from non-security informa tion. "The American people will receive more, rather than less. information about their Govern ment." ... The restrictions, largely techni leal in nature and spelling out in detail the manner in which red eral employees shall handle ciass- ified information, become effec tive thirty days after their publi cation in the Federal register. damaged 10 Russian MlGs Tues day in the longest jet dogfight of the war, and United : Nations ground troops matched the air' victory by capturing a towering peak west of "Heartbreak Hill." In a swirling battle of the sub stratosphere, fought by 137 lanes as high as 35,000 feet over "MIG Alley." U. S. pilots, with 37 F-8S Sabrejets, took the measure of 100 Russian-built MIG jets. American planes from the Fourth Interceptor Wing shot down five Communist planes and damaged five others for their second biggest bag of the war. A11 the U. S. jets returned safely to base. Dogfights raged at 600 miles an hour in the air battle area between Namju and Sinuiii in Northwest Korea. The U. S. jets were led by American fighter ace Cel. Francii S. Gabreski. On the ground Allied troops northwest of Yanggu stormed bunker after bunker to capture the commanding peak near "Heartbreak Hill" after two and one-hall days of fighting. Lincoln said Then Lincoln said he would be willing to be taxed to reimburse the slave owners for their property. He thought the Congress wouid vote for such a tax, and while he could not assure it, he would seek it. But, the talks ended. The great tragedy of it was they could not go on, though all present wished them to. The soldiers, the people, on both sides wanted them to go on. But, they could not. They ended because Jefferson Davis could not stomach the phrase one common country." Stephens, vice president of the Confederacy, was so embittered item would ever be finished, cut 'joint Atlanta-Fulton County Bond LONDON, Sept. 25 (JP) The British Cabinet was reported Tues- ti,. unco day nieht to have decided to defy an order of Iranian Premier Mo- voted to aDDlv the ta-x to income hammed Mossadegh for the expulsion of all British oilmen from the I 7im) rk-f I?fi over 75 r.prpnt of that -n.thA hacA Middle East country. , ' v.i.. v I rri - t ? 1 Come Inside . . . period. The tax amounts to 30 Tn aging Iranian premier, after percent in addition to regular cor- repeated threats, finally gave -the poration income taxes. ordM- Tuesday for some 200 Brit ish technicians to get out within nine days. A British Foreign Of- IT WAS AN EASY TRICK tice spokesman said the order was a "new and serious development . . to find "Tricky" through the which is under furgent considera- Atlanta Journal-Constitution Want tion." - . . . . - ; - Ads! ; ( Qualified sources" said' Prime Minister' Attlee. and his chief cab- a. giani Aoaaan rennery in Iran, n J t OA warplanes based in neighboring llGflO III Q Of o4 Trno anrl a hrirarA nf nararVrnt I - troops only a few hours away. ForeCOSt TodttY The canny Mossadegh is aware, - - ' nowever, mat any use oi lorce by Increasing .cloudiness and con- the British might be unpopular, tinued mild weather will prevail not only in the United States and over the Atlanta area Wednesday the world at large, but also among wjth a chance of afternoon or many British voters who go to the njEht thundershowers. Warmer pons in a general election uci. zo he did not again function in his office. After defeat, he did not attack Davis. , The war went on, in agony and tears. We can pray for the talks in Korea. temnerature and more scattered am. . - . i I r Aiuee, wno nas Deen crmcizea ithnndprshowers will follow Thurs- iai. rayi from no Margaret st.. met advisors reacned tneir deci- by Winston Churchill for being day Jack Tarver, assistant to the ter of the Bureau of Public Roads iln Ih iav, . Vrtct nil immediately afetr hearing too soft in the Iranian oil crisis, TemDeratures in Atlanta will president of Atlanta Newspapers, , and Fulton Commissioner. Tom turn for reward. 4 - about the order. is expected to confer wjth the ranee between a morning low of ! Inc., who on several occasions had Camp. , How tney expected to make Conservative leader, as well as 65 and a high of 84 Wednesday Liberal leader Clement Davies, and will climb to 88 degrees and ask their support of his policy I Thursday after a morning low to stay in Abadan. of 67. i he prime minister tnus aims to The Chattahoochee River re- keep the issue out of politics and turned to its normal flow, thanks assure a continuity of policy, re- to recent rams, M. T. Thomson, gardless whether Labor of Con- district engineer of the U. S. Geo- servatives win in the election. I logical Surrey reported. expressed a doubt the road sys-i W. O. DuVall, chairman of the TO PLACE YOUR WANT ADS their defiance effective may be the white ribbon which released the six-lane stretch to traffic for the first time. , Immediately afterward an estimated 500 autos, released from cheek by motorcycle patrolmen. Commission, who opened the program, said the new system drawn up by a Chicago traffic ex- pert, Harry ;W.. Lochner, in 1945 Coaitaved on Page 7, Celamn X Just Sfftlf WJIIH a f 11 TY A KU (WA. 8823) W ymtf&6 made known after the return from the United States Wednesday of Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison and Defense Minister Emanuel Shin well. Britain has : 10 warships sta tioned within 59 mile of her GABRIELSOVS PLEA for more time is rejected by ' RFC Pare 2 NO DEAL, relative of Joe Lee Bishop told after "surrender"' offer Page- 7 ' Agnes Olmstead 18 Bisher i Business - 20, 21 Celestine Sibley 18 Classified Ads 21-27 Comics . 28. 29 Crossword Puzzle 28 Dr. Brady , 28 Ed Sullivan 28 Editorial Page 4 Financial News 20, 21 Harold Martin 4 Know Your Georgia S Leo Aikman . 4 Mary Haworth 17 Obituaries. ' 22 OUie Reeves 4 Radio and Television 29 Society 16-18 Sports 12-14 Star Gazer 18 Theater Programs ' 19 Today's Events 5 Women's Feature 14-11

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