The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on October 1, 1951 · 3
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 3

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Monday, October 1, 1951
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u Editors Hit Secrecy In Government ii 'j i ; i Stalin View On Chinese In Diaries Free Pres Held Endangered by It CHICAGO, Sept. 30 (U.R) Forty-three of the nation s lead ing newspaper editors and pub lishers Sunday adopted a stern declaration of press freedom which charged that public information is "being steadily undermined by the growing practice of secrecy in government." The declaration was made after an all-day "shirt-sleeve" forum discussion with Dr. Alberto Gainza Paz, publisher and editor of the suppressed Buenos Aires newspaper, La Prensa. Dr. Gainza Paz warned that the fame fate could befall newspapers anywhere in the Americas unless the public is aroused. The newsmen pledged themselves to fight for freedom of information throughout the Western Hemisphere but directed much of their attack to conditions at home. GROWING SECRECY The declaration said the growing secrecy in government was in evidence at "the national, state arrd local level." The statement deplored "the growing tendency of public officials to feel they are not accountable to the public; that they may seal and impound public records; that they may divulge only such information as they think is good for the people to know." The publishers and editors also took a direct crack at the order o President Truman last week Be setting up "security codes of censorship on governmental news. They said some public officials believe they can "extend 'military sppuritv' into areas of news which 'n.?e!& Detectives Find order issued within the week." -'The American people are in danger of losing their right to freedom of information by default unless they demand of their pub-Irc officials the right of free ac cess to the facts about their gov emment, the declaration ciarea. Uirhn H-tH nn lpftouprs from their cGILL AMONG AUTHORS , tables, was found dead in his alley III was authored bv Richard; home Sunday night with $1,204.09 Ftnnegan of the Chicago Sun-; on his person. Times, Erwin D. Canham of the! Homicide Dets. W. M. Holland Christian Science Monitor, Alex-land J. E. Helms said they found ander Jones of the Syracuse, It. P. Kirtley on the floor of a N.'Y., Herald-Journal, Ralph Mc-Jformer servant's house behind 139 Gil of The Atlanta Constitution j Thirteenth St., N. E., which he arrd Dean Kenneth Olson of the occupied. Korthwestern University School of' A neighbor, identified by the Journalism Staff Photo Ryan Sander LEADERS POINT UP TV'S RESPONSIBILITIES L. to R.: George C. Biggers, Mayor Hartsfield, Commissioner Camp " ; tx ... tm?: n s i ti A :thi " - - f i r, V : n pi Continued From Page 1 military policy. Bui no one could ba unaware of the importance of the subject. The Cabinet meeting on September 21 was "occupied entirely with a discussion of the atomic bomb" and was clearly fundamental in the formulation of American policy on the atom. The question was presented in the form of what should be "the policy of this government in making available information in our possession to other nations." Beginning with Mr. Stimson, the President went round the table. According to Forrestal's notes, the Secretary of Commerce, Mr. Henry Wallace, was "completely, everlastingly and wholeheartedly in favor of giving it to the Russians." Commented on . . . the statement that Russian ambitions in China, Korea and Mongolia have not yetj been sufficiently5 defined for uss to have trust. He said the real reason for the Chinese-Mongolian disaffection was that the Chinese! were primarily a farming people and the Mongolians a cattle-breeding or livestock people. Sci ence cannot be cribbed, cabined ori confined; scientific knowledge is bound to spread over the world. He questioned the statement that the Russians were Orientals. He saii that particularly in Mongolia they had a Western viewpoint in contrast to that of. the . Chinese.' WHITE SPRINGS, Fla., Sept L n i IlivA n Witts l- j- m aiik lrvniirl x nuic w 6c u.c,u uul 30 - (fl - Irving Caesar, song edge would make an embittered writer and director of the Ameri- THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION, Mon., Oct. 1, 1951 3 Market Sales Conttitutlon Stats New Sarvie ALBANY The Dougherty Farmers' Market, which has been open two days a week during the Summer, will be open only on Saturdays during the Winter, J. F. Griffin, manager, has announced. Several farmers and truck growerj in this area bring produce to the market for sale to Albany housewives. la I II t . i ai 1 1 A - - J I if 1 .f JwMjfcjlr AT .Vi 'nn I I i "BRING THE BOYS HOME" Twenty thousand soldiers gather in the square opposite Manila's City Hall to air their dissatisfaction with the Army's demobilization system. South Lauded At Services For Foster Staff Photo S. Van Toole THIRD TV STATION GOES ON AIR William T. Lane and Roger Van Duzer Officiate $1,204 on Body Of Aged 'Pauper WSB-TV Continued From Page 1 Israel Sees Further Trials In New Jewish Year 5712 New York Timet New Service, Special to The Atlanta Constitution TEL. AVIV, Sept. 30 Israel ushered in Sunday night the start of the Jewish year 5712 with a warning from its leaders that the year ahead would bring continued trials and sacrifices, The entire nation began the two-and-one-half-day holiday and de Pairman. descrioea Dy nis neign-bors and benefactors as a "pauper" ties for the educational and cultural benefit of the entire State." 75-year-old painter and re- GOVERNOR "GRATEFUL" Talmadge said he Was "grateful" to Atlanta Newspapers, Inc. for making television's many services available to the 3,500,000 people of Georgia. "Citizens of this State's 159 counties now can sit before their sets in their own homes," Talmadge added, "and participate in the news and entertainment events" offered on Channel 2. even non-religious Jews crowded the synagogues to repent of the old year's errors and to pray for a good new year. Jewish tradition imposes that each man pray for his neighbor, no one for him- Suwannee river. iself. Caesar called the Southland a! Both President Chaim Wiez-"veritable treasury of inspiration ! mann and Prime Minister David to imaginative song writers." jBen-Gunon offered prayers in Tradition and culture of this en- their w year's messages for chanting country is so great thatPeace, for the world as well as for many popular songs have beenj 1Mdei- uuie:.s,eu men m- written about it by authors who sa8e to Jewish communities had never seen it, Caesar said. i throughout th world. Such was the case with Foster.! Ben-Gurion pointedly began his Caesar said his own "Swannee" i greeting - xo an jewisn communi and sour people." This trusting can snciptv of Comnosers. Authors view was not shared by the others. I and Publishers, paid tribute to The underlying attitude of near- Stephen Foster and the Southland ly all seemed closely in accord here Sunday in a ceremony with Forrestal's contribution. He marking the 100th anniversary of made the point that the bomb and! Foster's famous song about the tne Knowledge tnat produced it were "the property of the American people," which the administration could not give away until they were very sure that it was the sense of the people that they should do so. He reminded them that in World War I the Japanese had been among our allies, like the Russians in World War II; that we had afterward made naval agreements -with the Japanese and .js It True What They Say ties in tne world the government milieu wc ndu uveu up iu uui About Dixie? were written be-!Di israei senas irom Jerusalem, which they had not, and that "the fore he saw the South. J the capital of Israel, its sincerest Russians, like the Japanese, are' . . J wishes for the new year." Israel's essentially Oriental in their think-, rnrfer Momri h. th kWc proclamation of Jerusalem as its of the Suwannee was attended by capital has not been recognized by a capacity audience of more than oxner nauons. austere holiday but the government had hoped to distribute special rations to alleviate at least for a few days the severe food shortage. Anticipated supplies did not reach the country, however, and the government's new year's wishes to its citizens remained on a purely spiritual plane. WANTED CLERK-TYPISTS Intensive 8 -Weeks Course Civil Service desperately needs thousands of trained clerk-typists at salaries of $2,200 to $2,650. At the end of 8 weeks, the student takes the civil service exam. If he does not pass the test, he may continue in school at NO ADDITIONAL COST until such time as he does pass the test. Lockheed also in great need of clerk-typists. FREE JOB PLACEMENT IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY. TAKE AS LONG AS A YEAR TO PAY Small Monthly Payments DAY and NIGHT CLASSES 1 :30 p. m. and 6:30 p. m. NEW CLASS MON., OCT. 8th Enrollment Positively Limited SPEEDWRITING INSTITUTE MASSEY BUSINESS COLLEGE 23 Brood St., S. W. ALpin. 7876 Mr-Hill was chairman officers as H. Donaldson, said he -iviayor narisneia saia me mo- T hc 'jrLfiina mmmiitpp Thp lact saw Kirtlpv Saturdav outside : mentous event which took place declaration was adopted unani-; a grocery store. The detectives 'on the i third anniversary of WS3- mpusly by all delegates. ing, and until we have a longer record of experience with them on the validity of engagements . . . it seems doubtful that we should endeavor to buy their understanding and sympathy. We tried that once with Hitler. There are no returns on appeasement" He add- 1 1,000 persons. Another feature of the program was the presentation to the State of Florida of a statuette of Foster by Fletcher Hodges, Jr., curator of the Foster Hall collection at the Each message noted the heavy burden placed on the young state by mass immigration but declared again that regardless of sacrifices the "gates of Israel will remain open to all Jews.' ed that "trust had to be more. University of Pittsburgh. "Great and hard are the prob- uidii a one-way laieei jum as. Alfred A MVotVion rhMmm lems or integration.' Ken-Liunon ft aw found $1,190 in $100, $50, and $20i IV, makes us the television ; certain nations were proposing to of the state road board accepted' said. "We are supporting and It proclaimed that "freedom of ! bills in a flimsy wallet and $14.09 .capital of the world InJormatinn is not and cannot be in a small leather pocketbook a 'matter for one nation or one! Grady physicians said the man paople alone, that the right of i had been dead at least eight hours, freedom of information is the ' Detectives reported no signs of vio-basic right of all the peoples of lence. the 21 republics of the Western! Neighbors said Kirtley s nearest Hemisphere, not to be suppressed relatives were in Montgomery, Ala. or put under duress by any gov-! Funeral arrangements will be ejhment." i announced by Henry M. Blanchard -The newsmen vowed to support & Son Funeral Home. tSe inter-American Press Asso-: chition in "its battle to preserve i11T and extend press freedom YTT WTV throughout the Americas." TT JL-LiOvyl' ""The Association, with the. Northwestern journalism school.1 Continued From Fae 1 sponsored the conference. j tack $7,900,000,000 had been obli- . ! gated but unspent. Since then. "Television not only is making changes in our daily lives," he said, "but it has made a contribution to our government." Commissioner Camp viewed the switch to Channel 2 as "another mark of progress" which will en able citizens of the State to "become better acquainted with personalities in the news. . . . Television has become a great force in our government," he said. exercise trusteeship over certain the statuette for Florida. areas of the globe on behalf ofi Miss Mary Alice Henslev, New the United Nations, so it seemed, York contralto, sang several Fos- to me that we could exercise a,ter songs. Others were presented trusteeship over the atomic bomb on behalf of the United Nations and agree that we would limit its manufacture for use on such by the University of Florida band Florida State University faculty: string quartet. Stetson University choir and Florida A. & M. quartet. Several of Caesar s songs were shall support this burden fully aware that it is for our generation to discharge this primary task and in the hope that the Jewish people throughout its dispersion will devotedly join in the historic enterprise." President Weizmann described past year as one of "great achieve missions as the United Nations should designate." j included in the program, which ment in whicn Jewish communi. The President announced no de-j began with a religious service injtjes had recorded a "new and cision at tne time, out n is ciear , . .mutu glorious chapter in the long his- Itory of Jewish fraternity and de- 1 votion." that this conference was basic to afternoon the policy actually followed there after. an additional $45,000,000,000. has KrkhnH ftloil wkfM 1 been obligated. Contracts are be Macon Theater ; MACON, Sept. 30 ing placed 000,000 i month. His report said that during ths ittc; July-September quarter, "deliv- Three men, wearing the robes, of j eries ; of military goo iare expe.t-tfte Ku Klux Klan, picketed a Jed .to total more than $5,000- fSacmiSonT July 1. he said, "close to Kits g has been dclivered r JrH tirTroVe Pt total deliveries o onally toJZ lo k! closer .to $15,000,000 000 if esM-briefly with friends passing by. j mates m Wilson's last report were Negroes passing by or attending, correct, the theater mainly ignored tne : The rate of delivery in the third Quarter was aescrioea as uiuit ' than one-third above the second i quarter, and over four times the irate of deliveries a year ago. By ANOTHER FIRST In moving from Channel 8 to i UI anotner problem wnicn was , tested throughout. Mr. Byrnes de- the new Channel 2 and the 1,062-!to DU1K ever iarger tnrougn inejmurred somewhat on this point. foot tower, WSB-TV added an- miils meie.weic jei other first to its long line of omy a lew premonitions. achievements in the broadcasting FAR EAST RELATIONS field. p mi: prptestors. WSB radio was established in the early days of the crystal set. But, it grew into the "Voice of the South" with power of 50,000 watts to carry programs of public interest and entertainment to I had lunch today with Ambas sador (Patrick J.) Hurley, just back from China. ... He recalled his conversation with Stalin (in April Hurley, returning to his post at Chungking, had passed through GOVERNORS however. He stated that he was a little dubious about the advisability of such a procedure as it would give the Russians an excuse for claiming that we had furnished provocation which justified their actions. (But no informed person could doubt the gravity of the world outook. In the first days of November McCloy got back from a global survey, and he was not encouraging.) SECRETARY McCLOY 5 November, 1945 Channel 8 which it relinquished i munists in the Russian sense of Assistant Secretary of War Mc-Sundav to th new Rrnarira;t. i that word; (2) that Russia desired Cloy got in today from Japan. jntr jnr jto see a strong government in j completing his round-the-world , , .-.i. . t- -: T r - : j iu.i x ai ivnina ana recognized -niang nai- uip, xae aaiu mat mere were inree shek as most nearly able to pro- impressions that one got every vide such a government and would where throughout the world: The total immigration figure for the past year was gjven by Ben Gurion. It was a record of 210.- 729. Rosh Hashana new year is an many distant points in the United Moscow and had an interview States. with the Russian dictator) about WSB-TV was the first television !tn Russian attitude toward China, station to eo "on the air" in At- i Stalin told him (1) that the Chi- lanta. It began operations on inese Communists were not Com- With its "Eyes of the South" now beamed out on Channel 2, WSB-TV has reached into remote parts of the State with a strong signal and receotion has been a year from now. the rate should reported in Florida. Alabama, have doubled again, he added. j Tennessee. South Carolina. rnntinmrl From faee 1 SOME "SLIPPAGE" Conceding some "slippage," had not discussed Dewey's support wnich he said in a press confer-fqr Eisenhower with the New ence was sometimes "exasper-York governor. ating," Wilson said that, neverthe- t'ft SUPPORTED less' actual deliveries to date are ioutright support for Taft came frequently a misleading measure from Gov. J. B. Lee, Utah Repub- m an overall appraisal of the prolan. However, Lee said he would gram at the present time support Eisenhower as a compro- For example hadadned: "l rrjse, and added it would be finery's, deliveries o a?Pfnt 't, 1.1; - cho new airplane were 14 through mid- hOW?r MUCUUIC Ul OU. X ilia apr'v-"1 v .This opened the subject of the the delivery record asa 61 Pcent Mundt proposal for a coalition of deficit. But, he added 71 planes Southern Democrats and Northern; had been fully assembled against and Western Republicans next! 81 scheduled toave reached that year to beat Truman. stage-'nndicatmg that the mam California's Warren frowned on; ags re notJm oductl5nw a coalition, saying it would j u' lt',1B uluV,lll"";.''" And 1 iui iu mcivaj. For those weapons wnicn are still in the "tooling-up" stage, the therefore support it; (3) that Russia did not desire either revo lution or anarchy in China, that l. ine postwar problems are global; that is, the conditions of anarchy, unrest, malnutrition, un their own problems in Asia were employment, etc., which exist in far too complex and difficult to Europe and the Middle East are uch serve "no useful purpose. Georgia's Talmadge said he saw little hopes of Southerners sun-porting a coalition movement. Leaders of Georgia's Democratic STARTS AT 4 P. M. WLTV, the newcomer, is owned and operated by a group of Atlanta business executives. It began operations at 5 p. m. Sunday. Its schedule, which includes many favorite ABC network programs, will begin at 4 p. m. each week day with a variety of kiddy, dramatic and comedy programs. WLTV soon will participate in "live" telecasts over the two coaxial cables. William T. Lane, vice president, is directing the new operation. Roger Van Duzer, former pro duction manager of WMBR-TV, Jacksonville. Fla.. has been named program director of WLTV. Before entering radio and tele desire such a condition. He said a good many of the pro fessional staff of the State Department . . . had not merely been of no help but a defnite hindrance . to him. He said that many of the American correspondents . . . were communistically inclined, as well as many of the people in the State Department . . . who, he said, "felt no obligation for the United States except to draw their pay." DEMOBILIZATION The power problems latent in the Chinese situation were immense. But the American people were at the time recklessly divesting themselves of the power they possessed. To Forrestal, the coun try, as he wrote to a friend, was most serious problems continue to be specialized new machine tools H T?Hlir.an Partis nrpvimisl v and nifniy SKlliea manpuwci, F' .lilt. . v. yj . i . ... . . ..v . - . i . . . . . radio as an entertainer in 1927 and later organized his own orch estra, playing at leading clubs in the New York area. He joined WMBR in 1944 and headed production there when the station went into video. viaiuu, ue was leiuguiitu as an a0;np haf.i, n Kpri at - friPhten- outstanding organist. He entered iSfte hich is the best way I raHir oc an ontorfainor in 1Q97 ?"& rate, wnicn is tne Desi way 1 know to be sure of the coming of World War III." To another he ob served that "all hands are pulling out" of Washington, and with early winter he would be facing "a great exodus" from the service of the "lawyers, accountants, business people, etc." who had in fact been such vital cogs in the war effort. At a meeting in October (at which the notes were taken by an assistant) Forrestal protested the tendency: CEDARS, Que., Sept. 30 OP) STATE-WAR-NAVY MEETING Six persons on their w-ay to 16 October. 1945 cnurcn were uruwneu ouiiuay T. , ., . .. when their car plunged into the! was agreed . . . that it was Sonlanrec Canal. Five were mem-most inadvisable for this country duplicated throughout Asia and Southeast Asia the economic dis locations are profound and far- reaching. 2. The tremendous position and prestige enjoyed by the United States is the one beacon of hope everywhere, but the dependence upon us to be the salvation for all the ills of the world may not be an unmixed blessing; the disap pointment frustration and bitter ness of the end of next winter may oe in exact proportion to the con fidence expressed in us now. 3. The universal fear of the Russian colossus, both in terms of the size of that country and the locust-like effects of their occupa tion wherever they may be. . . The next article "The Morass of China." Car's Canal Plunge Kills 6 Churchgoers , Qr,v enr-h mnvommt UCUiariv enginef! s, ucsis"- a lh0KCT 35 3 p0SSiivNCDERSATTACK ble candidate machine tool program Is CAN IN TALMADGt hfin? attacked vigorously from Governor Talmadge said that; several angles, but Wilson said Eisenhower could easily win the ;here is no quick soiution for the Democratic nomination and the; manpower problem. presidency if he would become a Because of the top consideration candidate. ! -.vcri militarv need in the al- ;The annual conference of the, nf materials, laes in pro- rmtion's governors, about evenly Auction are not generally trace-divided between Democrats and aDje to shortages of basic raw ma-Republicans, opens here Monday, terials. Most lags, he said, "are Governor Talmadge plans to rather in particular steps in the attend the roundtable discussion; complex process of fabrication ofi state licensing boards. The ancj assembly." ueorgia Architect and txamimngi Wilson related with apparent Board and Georgia Veterinary; gratification the expansion of Examining Board are in dispute ; basic industries, with Tech and Georgia over ex-1 "The high rate of military and smmations. Gov. Sid McMath of industrial expansion is the funda-Arkansas will preside over the mental reason we are running into conference, which will discuss shortages," he said. "If we were whether licensing boards are en- expanding only moderately, we couraging monopolies. . should have enough of nearly ine oeorgia party arrived in everything to go around. In a Gatlinburg late Sunday. In ad- sense, the shortages are a symbol Dp CanerU 'Rptnrn dition to the Governor, it in- of our progress." j vtspena ieium eluded Mrs. Talmadge. Lt.-Gov. The total new investment in ROME, Sept. 30 JP) Premier Marvin Griffin Speaker Fred basic plant that was envisaged in!Alcide De Gasperi and his wife Hand, and Adj.-Gen. Ernest Van- three years was approximately; returned to Rome Sunday from dlver Jr '$50,000,000,000 to $60,000,000,000. their North American trip. India's Cities Grow NEW DELHI (JP) India's 75 cities have recorded a 43.8 per cent population increase in the 1941-51 decade in the latest gov eminent census. bers of one family. The vehicle toppled Into 19 feet of water after it crashed into another automobile. Cedars is about 41 miles west of Montreal. Drowned were: Alcide Marier. 45; his four children, Pierrette, 18; Germain, 17; Monique, 12, and Louise, 7, and a neighbor, Antonin Dault, 60. ito continue accelerating the de mobilization of our Armed Forces. Mr. Forrestal stated that this was a situation of such gravity that in his view the President ought to acquaint the people with the details of our dealings with the Russians and with the attitude which the Russians have mani- SEWER (L0CCEB? Col Yosr ROTO-ROOTER Service. 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