The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on October 1, 1951 · 1
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 1

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Monday, October 1, 1951
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TLANTA CONSTITUTION FiNALcitY EDITION For 84 Years the South9 Standard Newspaper Partly cloudy and warmer. Monday's expected extremes, 53 and 78. Tuesday's expected extremes, 60 and 80. Sunday's extremes, 59 and 76. VOL. LXXXIV, No. 91 ATLANTA (2), CA., MONDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 1931 Price Five Cents Warming TOE A RALPH One Night At a River EVANSTON, 111. One night last Spring a small group of men came to the bank of the river Plata, which flows between A r-gentina and Uruguay, and at a point where it is about 40 miles wide. There was a small fishing boat waiting. There were whispered goodbyes and handshakes. One of those on the bank stepped forward and entered the boat. It was pushed off. For a while it was a vague, departing shadow. Then the mists and the darkness swallowed it up. The small group on the bank watched until it was not to be seen. Blinking away tears they, too, quit the scene. Back in and about Buenos Aires, at the railway stations, especially the suburban ones, and at the airports, large and small, soldiers with guns waited. But the man they sought was In the fishing boat on the dark river. That man was Dr. Alberto Gainza Paz, father of eight children, member of one of the oldest and proudest families in Argentina and publisher of the politically independent newspaper with a tradition of editorial integrity since its founding in 1869. Peron Since 1943 when Juan Peron seized power, and took over in totalitarian fashion, including the courts, silencing of Gainza Paz and La Prensa had been two of Peron's chief objectives. The constitution of Argentina 1 copied from that of the United States. It contains all the guarantees of personal lioerty and freedom found in our own Bill of Eights. Peron, who had favored' the Nazis until the war turned against them, copied Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini. Their countries, too, had constitutions. Laws were passed. Peron had silenced the courts, and suspended all civil rights. The laws are untested. Police take people to jail at any hour if they differ with the Peron policies. There is no bond, no habeas corpus though the constitution provides for both. Slowly the newspapers were silenced. General taxes were adopted but applied only to those newspapers which were in opposition. Safety restrictions and building codes impossible of observance were adopted, but applied only to those newspapers and businessmen who did not contribute money and support to Peron. The Constitution of Argentina iorbids all this. But there was and is no appeal. Method At last there-Avas left only one formidable opposition the newspaper La Prensa, its editor and its staff. Peron stepped up his pressure. He framed a strike and pickets by the street vendors. He was shocked by the La Prensa staff pressmen, printers, stereo-i typers, reporters they all crossed the phony line and went to work. They were attacked by hoodlums in the Peron mob. A j pressman was killed. Fifteen i ether employees were injured. j But they got out the paper. Peron couldn't understand it. But he acted. He closed the paper because of the "riots." Dr. Gainza Paz said Peron had no authority to pass the "law" under which Peron acts a law which forbids anvone to criticize a public official. They sent for him. He received warning just in time to leave his house. A few nights later there was that scene at the river. Now, Dr. Gainza is being honored in this country by newspapers and all those who believe in freedom. There is here at Northwestern University a special program there will be others elsewhere in the future. . Dr. Gainza believes in that future if we are all alerted. The people in Argentina now chaff under the conditions imposed. The news cannot be printed. There are acute shortages of Jnany consumer goods. And all the while Peron screams to the people that secret enemies, plotters and conspirators are about to destroy the country the familiar device to take the minds of the people off Peron's tyranny. In this country the people are guaranteed free newspapers, free speech, and free assembly. There . are evidences here and there in our own country that power-drunk office holders and political schemers think they, too, should be able to blackmail the American press. Are the people tired of hearing bout it? Dr. Gainza asks them to look southward. I HUB BMBPB I iT" ' "" 1 ' ' mmmmu-nuimm wwbws)smpwwmmiimimwbwwwiwmwmswsiii I TV Debut Tonight For Vietcs of Netcs "Views of the News." radio news program that switches to television Monday, will be the first public service presentation of WSB-TV over the station's new 50.000-watt facilities. "Views" will make its video debut at 7:30 p. m. Monday when Journal Managing Editor William Ray interviews Journal Editor Wright Bryan concerning his recent tour of Europe. On Tuesday's show. Constitution Editor Ralph Mc-Gill will interview Hugh Mc-Whorter, president of the Georgia Press Association, in connection with the Georgia press observance of National Newspaper Week. The nightly "Views" will feature Constitution and Jour- J nal personalities and individ- j ual in the news. j Dodgers, jyjass ArmS Giants Meet j in Playoff 'Output Near, Wilson Finds Defense Production Chief Sees U. S. About Tooled Up Bums Win in 14th; N. Y. Trims Boston By JOHN DREBINGER Ntw York Time Newt Service j Special to The Atlanta Constitution NEW YORK, Sept 30 The j National League pennant race ended in a first-place tie between the Giants and Dodgers Sunday as the Giants con cluded their amazing late sea- Labor Party Unites for British Vote By JOSEPH A LOFTCS New York Timet Newt Service. Special to The Atlanta Constitution WASHINGTON, Sept. 30 Charles E. Wilson, director son spurt by defeating the of defense mobilization, reported to the President Sunday Braves, 3 to 2, while the Dodg- that deliveries of military goods since Korea totaled $14,- ers downed the Phillies in a uuu,uuu,uuu, or li percent of the defense program this nation Uerrific struggle, a home run ihv .Tarlrio T?rVuncnn rJoir1incrl jthe game, in the 14th inning, 9-8. Mr. CONFERENCE IN WASHINGTON AT WAR'S HEIGHT Truman, Right, Talks with the Late Sec. Forrestal and Sen. James Mead in 1944 Governors Boom Ike At Parley By 31. L. ST. JOHN Constitution Political Editor GATLINBURG, Tenn., Sept. 30 j A Republican chorus of "Eisen-: jhower for President" went up; I from the pre-sesslon gathering of' the National Governors Conference here Sunday. j There was some support for a j coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats behind Ike as the presidential candidate. ; I Georgia's Democratic Gov. Tal-i I madge joined in the appeal for j Eisenhower for President but as a Democratic nominee instead of Republican. And Talmadge, in his! first public statement on the mat-! ter, said he didn't think a coali- j tion of Republicans and Southern i Democrats would be advisable. t Demobilization Haste Caused Arms Collapse (Fifth in a Series) As the war ended, it was clear that the tides of demobil ization, which in the space of a few months were to wreck New York Timet Newt Service Special to The Atlanta Constitution Thus, for the second time in the 75-history of the league, a best iwv m mice &diiic: (Jldjuil will f be needed to determine which 1 i tea in snau iace tne xanicees in ;the world series. This play-off iwill start Monday at 1:30 d. m. j in Ebbets Field. The second game j 1 will Tn y-'CkA Tiiucfej Vt a SCARBOROUGH. England, Polo cros .hh T,TS0 .whl be' aionaay, uct. i i ne leit ana ngnt tne scene of the third game, of Britain's Labor Party joined Foi"d Frick. National League Sunday night in endorsing the S fd aS6cal! Cmjtl A , , .. . , sioner-elect, said Sunday night party s election manifesto, which that the World Series will not be-by an adriot bit of manipulation gin until Thursday even if the ignored the issues on which these Brooklyn-New York National lea- factions were divided. . S'SiSSf 'gSilSSlvJ There was nothing in the state-; World Series was scheduled to ment on which the labor govern-, start Wednesday. ment based its appeal for re-elec-' The only other playoff series in tion Oct. 25 to which Aneurin National League history was that in 1946 when the Card- i i . iBevan and his left-wing rebels Played wnat was men me wunas mo.i poweriui mnuary macnine, couM object Neither w thcre inals then winning the playoff in anything in it to bring blushes to two straight games. the faces of government and party! The two games that threw the leaders. i pennant race into a deadlock Sun Gov. Val Peterson, Republican ! eign Economic were already running strongly. CABINET 17 August, 1945 There was a discussion of the question oi continuation of Selective Service. ... The net of the discussion was that the politically expert people in the Cabinet seemed to have a very strong conviction that Congress will vigorously oppose any, extension and that it would be unwise for the President to make any recommendation which he knew in advance would be turned down. . . . 7 September, 1945 . Mr. Leo Crowley (then For- U. S. Seeks Oil Solution In UN Council The controversial subject of re- aay were pernaps among tne most armament, over which BevanJ dramatic seen in the majors in Harold Wilson and John Freeman many years. Larry Jansen. hurling had resigned from the government. 21I,Jt.ne way for tYe pants and was hardly mentioned. ; holding a two-run lead going into i '. v. ."..s'-y '... w ..v . k mm HARMLESS PROOF I victory slip away from him as the "PRODUCTION Charles E. . . . UNITY' Wilson This happy result from the party ( Braves scored one run and hai viewpoint was achieved by select-; two runners on base as a result ing a' fiAal drafting committee of loose fielding by the Giants, whose personnel guaranteed an But Jansen grimly collected the innocuous maniiesto. its memoers: tnira out ana tne oiants. once c- NeT JiT(V.r;.S,.r,!;,.f,1, are Morgan Phillips, General Sec-; 13'.2 games behind in the race, Special to The Atlanta constitution " . , , . , , . i , - . , . , . " NEW YORK SeDt 30 The retar7 tne party; Hugh Dalton.'were assured of at least a tie. ' -,,, who is a left-wing mugwump; Sam! Even more spectacular was the United States has not given up Wats0n, one of the labor union. Dodgers' game in Philadelphia hope of a compromise in Britain's. leaders accused by Bevan of rub-jwhich saw the Dodgers trail early. ley (then For-1 critical oil dispute with Iran and i ber-stamping government policy 6 to 2. and then 8-5. But they Administrator)' ... ...... . . .. in contravention of his own mem-itif. it with a . tVirpo-nin cnli.roo t t.i i j t.- i ' ...... . ... .win ronriniip to speK sucn a soiu-s : . . . . .. . . T. jiiuin ixeuidKa, beuu iseiuiuwei , saia tnat ne naa just rexurnea . ;".;,".. c ibers' wishes, and the archrebel in the eighth. In the 12th Robinson i should declare himself a candidate from the Middle West and was tion when the United Nations 5e-jBevan himsel j saved the dav for the Dodgers jfor the Republican nomination byjSUre that the country would be curity Council takes up the ques-j Together they concocted, or, with an electrifying inning-ending January "or else Senator Taft violently opposed to the continua- tion Monday afternoon. rather decocted, a manifesto that catch of a low line drive by Eddie j will win by defaut." Peterson was ; tion of any universal military, Thi inHiratpH Sunday nisht dodged most of the issues that Waitkus with the bases full. And ;anxious to know something now training. He said the assumption . "'sv.mQiwiraouuud, Vs. had been causing friction within in the 14th the Negro star won it : from Eisenhower. If he is not was that we had fought a war now in a statement issued by trnest A. party. , with his tremendous circuit clout. going to seek the Republican nom-jto get cf war that we had the . The party manifesto in its final ination, the opposition to Taft can atomic bomb and we had the Iranians unite behind Mos- ,f0rm never once mentioned re- oegin uniting oemna anotner San Francisco Conference and all sadegh. Story on Page . 'armament by name. It did go so candidate immediately, Peterson tne vari0Us affirmations of faith 'far as to say that Britain "muit saia. Gov. Earl Warren canaiaaie lor vice-president m world peace and that universal .declared that the country's "first 1948 and potential presidential ,,.,,, ;nr. ixaiions. 'aim" m.ict ho tn the nM tn-n -, j v uiw...b vy.i-. .u.v. v.... t 1. 1. :.. I " China Reds Echo Chant For Peace ' - - mc vdiiuu. eixxllltcil.lviit ui laiiu ittt aa lu saj liiav uuiaiii uivi-i , . . j in the possibilities of an organiza- Gross, acting chief representative play her full part in the strength-, of California, tion to create the foundations of of the United States at the United ening of collective defense," but it -President in j i x ,,n:....i aa w. n,,r.r... candidate in 19o2, declined to com- ence that we didn,t havo faith in Sir Gladwyn Jebb arrived at of the world j ment on the issues of prospective candidates until sometime in 1952. York, the presidential nominee 1948. told newsmen in a confer our own platform. To this Sec- New York international airport at gjAXD ON WAR retary Stimson made an eloquent 7:50 p. m. Surmay mgnt io ieaa; manifpstn marip it riPsr. council ior - - - - . . . . r . i . of the Abadan lI111 111 view ui us numvi:, the world. laoor party was me oniy one wortny ot Deing entrusted witn Gov. Thomas Dewey of New .. chci.no. ,..v,.nh T.ritain' hattl. in the council for . 11 m . ... , ,j i: l r,( 4V. AhaHan mat was that the onlv wav we could cominuta coniiui . nt.vm- tho .,-rT-iH urn ' cp- nil xpfinprv. lareest in ,ence lasting about three minutes. i . , tu tj; Tr.ni.n nnnnsitp in the de U. S. Planes Knock Out 4 Red Jets By LI.VDESAY PARROTT VNew York Timee New Service Special to The Atlanta Constitution TOKYO, Oct. 1 The Chinese radio Monday took advantage of j the second anniversary of the es tablishment of the Communist mnni .-m.;j ha so npaper to date. The country is emerging from the "toolirg-up" stage on many military items and is at the threshold of volume production, Wilson said in his quarterly report. He acknowledged "some exasperating slippages" in original planning schedules, but said some items were ahead of schedule. "SLIPPAGE" One evidence of the "slippage" is postponement of the build-up peak. In his July 1 report, Wilson said that plans called for total national security spending to reach an annual rate of more than $65, 000,000,000 by July, 1952. His report Sunday said that peak would come a year hence. The mobilization chief labeled his report "three keys to strength production, stability, free-world unity," and emphasized thes points: The period of greatest stringency has now begun for metal-using industries: complacency about inflation would be a mistake; unity of the entire free world is the key to full strength mobilization against Communism. AVAILABILITY With respect to stability, Wilson declared: "This fundamental fact must be kept constantly in mind by every person: We are passing through a period when the goods and erv-ices available to the American people cannot be significantly increased. "Any person who is in a posi tion to demand ior nimsell a greater share of the limited supply of goods and services and who enforces his demand, whether through unreasonable pricing, through strikes, or by other means jfc can only do so by taking those goods and services away from i someone else. We cannot permit ! the strong to trample on the weak ;in this emergency." CONSTANT VOLUME Wilson said he believed the "total volume" of goods and services for consumers would remain constant dwring 1952. but the would not be but supplies foods should of be government to reassert China's the same. Goods using metal will desire for a "peaceful settlement" in the Korean war but to attack American good faith in the long drawn out armistice conversations at Kaesong. Peiping broadcast a long article Prices. written for the occasion by Tung , "r . ... ....... "for the TOKYO. Oct. 1 (U.P.) Ameri- Pi Wu, vice premier of the Gov- pects totai fall in volume. soft goods and larger. With incomes rising, more money will be bidding for these goods, putting upward pressure on unless consumers keep on as they have been doing past few months. He ex- output of goods and that Eisenhower can win the Re- cun, un , ht. Prpmipr Mohammed Mossa publican nomination and the elec-' 0r.;Kn:t-r : tVin tmn ripeh. is not scheduled to leave t c.mnnrf. Tphran until the council decides tion next year. Warren said he Continued on Page 3, Column 1 i Slightly Warmer i Weather Slated A slight "warming up" will hit Atlanta and vicinity Monday and Tuesday after a chilly fall weekend, the weatherman says. The official forecast is "partly I cloudy and warmer" both days. The mercury is expected to rise jfrom a low of 58 to a 78 high Monday. Tuesday's expected extremes are 60 and 80. Sunday th ;high was 76, the low, 59. responsibility in that with great seriousness w i ui ci v otiiuuouvco( jl o ui. uu t- . , , . . ed the Secretary of War's point of is is competent to nanoie tne cu,- endor ment of ridgeline west of Chorwon to com rwi-r1.4 .va Ylcr-rir DUte. 1 niS WOUld mean ne tuuiu - nlpfp nnp nh.w rf fipn .Tampc A view anKx iuiaii-u mai. "nww --. , , . , nvrnmm s noiirv tn rparm this task. The manifesto rejected ?n -86 Sabrejets shot down one eminent Administration Council, services will reach an annual rate Claiming "brilliant victories" for of nearlv $350,000,000,000 by the the Chinese armies with more than end of 19.52 fiS"I jn 1951 Prices. compared to sauu.uuo.ooo.ooo at of aged tnree otner Monday, wnne on any idea or the inevitability npu; wnrlH war The section dealing with world in ground Allied troops seized a snowed mat an new weapons ai- Hf"' "V without anv snpoifir Porinrmpn ways developed, countermeasuretu vveanesaay mw8. of extent of the beginning with what the Romans eaf- disDuted deadiine for the program that had been adopted, developed to counteract Hanni- . J 1S1 British technicians This is where Bevan and the cab-bal's use of elephants. The Pres- dertme o Britisn rniiaans ident interjected Alexander in that wortme On the domestic side, the labor first tank. Mr. Crowley's viV'PllA partv soueht to match th. con. plete one phase of Gen. James A, Van Fleet's new autumn offensive. The air battle raged in the skies above Sinanju where 27 American planes tangled with 40 MIGS. It was the first fighting in "MIG Alley" in three days after last week's massive aerial battles. 317,000 United Nations casualties since the intervention in Korea last year. Tung added: "The Chinese people have consistently advocated a peaceful settlement in the Korean question. xne rime oi me is.orean invasion. $100 BILLION PROGRAM Mobilization is now described as a "one hundred billion dollar program." This includes funds unspent at the time of the Korean invasion, plus appropriations for However, as American imperial ism does not Show the least good the two fiscal vpare PriHinc .Tnn The Allies on the central' front fai.h thLc hinese people have no:30 1952. This covers all military opuon dui 10 sxand reaay 10 Deai procurement and construction, in- militarv continued to be, however, mat no servative pledge to impose an ex-1 VT i ...... ..v,.., ' . . .. fnllnws: HJCJ;c uu;u2t. on ex-, fought off a sprips of rountpr at- mTrr r An! m . n xirp to I r c av . . . f : . r .1 i : . c. - - . . - M. ... . . a m thp ,:V vn,iiH 1 nnt in "ur Pollcy has Deen ana con" ia iu uic uuidwrn i , tacks on the captured ridge posi-;DacK.ine "elY oiiensive 01 Amen- eluding the program of did, the country would not sup- .. f; Ka had'on the hone the rearmament emergency bv the ...... j can imDerialism at the same time1-.--. T.nrt that noint of v.PW miv... vv. - kivmiui j. ..u ui.-muMu ...:...:....-:,,-,:: ,,.'.;''" w iui..u iuuiiuics. that agreement can De reacneo De- x cw wa uu mpudi Kiu'a series of probing attacks by fa- -riving logeiner wnn me ivorean, ATOMIC INFORMATION ' tween the parties which would do that so far had been exempt from! people for the success of the arm-! Probablv no one then realized justice to both. Our effort in the taxation. j Continued on Page 10, Column 2 istice negotiations." j Continued on Page 3. Column t At the time of the Korean t- Government Critics Face Smear, GOP Solons Say By CLAYTON KNOWLES New York Times Newi Service, Special to The Atlanta Conttitution the extent to which the atomic United Nations will be directed bomb alreadv lay at the core of toward this objective." 1 the whole problem of postwar This constituted a clear indication that, at least at this stage of Continued on Page 3, Column 4 the dispute, the United States j would not throw its support be- 1 hind the resolution sent to. the council on Saturday by the British. This proposal would flatly tell! Iran to abide by the request of the j International Court of Justice; asking both parties to maintain ;the status quo pending adjudica tion of the dispute. Iran turned down the court request Cox Alerts TV Industry to Major Duties In Dedicating Powerful Facilities of WSB By PAUL JONES icated the most powerful TV fa cili-, WSB-TV on its new channel, a It can be used as an instrument for James M. Cox, Jr., vice chair-J ties in the world WSB-TV's third Atlanta station, WLTV, went gauging the sincerity of political mem v me uuniu ui Audum news- ; viiaiiiici 4 auu us Kiaiu new iwwer. on me air over unannei o candidates, he said, and for con- the dispute was an internal one television industry to its mo-' executives of Atlanta Newspapers, has become more than an instru-,veyin8 to viewers event? of local The Iranian contention was that papers. Inc., Sunday alerted the; Shortly after Cox and other, Cox pointed out that television WASHINGTON, Sept. 30 Twenty-five ' Republican Senators and beyond the competence of the mentous duties as a "medium of Inc., and State, City and County ment of entertainment when he and national importance. joined Sunday in denouncing "smear tactics and propaganda tech niques they say are being used by some in the administration "to silence any opposition. "There is evidence that no man i can criticize our government to-J day and escape intemperate re- prisals," they asserted, j "This is an alarming situation. : It cannot be ignored. ; "We therefore . . pledge to j the American people that we shall j fight to guarantee that, in the dif-i ficult day ahead, no man's voice will be silenced. We shall vigor-, ously resist any attempt to conceal the facts from the American people. world court thy's conduct in the Senate is now the subject of Senate hearings on a resolution seeking his expulsion. Other r;ners insisted, however, the statement of freedom of speech! was not occasioned particularly! by this situation. j ben. ierguson or Michigan, told reporters that the group that drafted the statement, led by Sen. Bridges of New Hampshire, were protesting such matters as Presi- Come Inside "We shall defend, to the utmost, dent Truman's executive order the fundamental rights of free last weei-- tightening up on dis- .unlimited discussion of contro- seminatkr. of security informa- versial questions of government, tion by government agencies. i We shall rally to the defense of. None in position of party lead- any person against whom repris- ership in the Senate and only one als are directed as a result of his or two who vote with some con constitutional right of freedom ofisistency with the self-styled lib speech." j eral Republicans were among th Speculation as to the motiva- signers. tion for the statement arose imme-1 Republican leaders not record-diately from the fact that Sen. ' ed included Senators Tft of Ohio, McCarth. , Republican of Wis- policy chairman; Millikin of Colo- j consin, was among the signers, rado, conference chairman, and Relentless in his . attacks on the Salstonstall of Massachusetts jnin- j administration for alleged softness ority whip. In all there are 45 to Communism at home, McCat-i Republicans in the Senate. .1 MOVE TO CUT military spending follows Senate trimming of tax bill Page WONDER WEAPONS will not soon supplant blood and courage of the foot soldier, an editorial Page 4 Agnes Olmstead 12 Bisher 7 Classified Ads 16, 19 Comics 20, 21 Crossword Puzzle 20 Dr. Brady 20 Editorial Page 4 Ida Jean Kain .12 Know Your Georgia 5 Leo Aikman 4 Mary Ha worth 13 Obituaries 16 Ollie Reeves 4 Radio and Television - 21 Society ,12. 13 Sports ,7-9 Star Gazer 13 Theater Programs 6 Today's Events 10 Womea'i Features . 7-9 education and lniormation as well governments participated in brief said it is the modern counter- as entertainment, when he dedi-1 inaugural ceremonies launching part of England's Town Meeting. i His remarks were followed by talks by Gov. Talmadge, Mayor Hartsfield and Fulton County Commission Chairman Tom Camp during the 12 noon dedicatory program J. Leonard Reinsch, director .f Cox radio and television properties since 1943, introduced the speakers. "There is no substitute for looking a man in the face," Cox said, in pointing up the visual impact of the new medium. "With an enlarged audience we are aware of our new responsibilities," he added. Cox welcomed the new station. WLTV, which he said "is operated by men of high reputation. We wish them good luck." George C. Biggers. president of Atlanta Newspapers. Inc.. reviewed WSB's progress from the inaugural in 1922 of the first radio station owned by a Southern newspaper. "It is fitting that we now have a television station with the tallest tower in the world to cover the J 6tf Phote yn ider State as we have done on radio WORLD'S MOST POWERFUL TV STATION LAUNCHED HERE he said. "We will use mese facili- James M. Cox,- Jr., introduces Gov. Talmadge to Chonnel 2 Viewer Continued on Page 3, Column 2 i JT:: ., fern i . i mtm. & )

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