The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia on August 3, 1930 · 9
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The Atlanta Constitution from Atlanta, Georgia · 9

Atlanta, Georgia
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 3, 1930
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THE ATLANTA TITO HON VOL. LXI1I., No. 49. ATLANTA, GA., SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1930. REPUBLICANS FROM NINE LAUNCH REVOLT AGAIN SOU ST ADMINIS THERN STATE TRATION Atlanta on JSiew CoasPtO'Coast Air M.ail Route 0. S. TO GET BIOS FROM TRANSPORT GROUPS ON AUG Link With Los Angr and New York by Plane Is Projected Under Program. VIA BIRMINGHAM, DALLAS, FT. WORTH Edison Winner Returns to Job After Triumph Contracts Will Be Let on Mileage Basis Instead of ' Poundage Basis, Glover Announces. ,25 & :les C I -BSW. v. if Mears Takes Oft To Girdle World MEETING GALLED ONSTATEFINANCES Miller S. Bell Summons Conference for Tuesday To Discuss Emergency. WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. (Special) Bids for two new trans-continental air mail routes, one of which will run via Atlanta, will be opened in the office of Assistant Postmaster General W. Irving Glover at aoon August 25, it was announced here today. The first route will be from At-lantn via Birmingham, Ala., Dallas, Fort Worth and El Paso, Texas, r.nd KW-h points in New Mexico and Arizona as may be designated by the department to Los Angeles and return, n distance of 2,559 miles. The second route will be from New York City via Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Fa., Columbus, O., Indianapolis, St. Louis and Kansas City, Ama-rillo, Texas, (or from St. Louis to Aniarillo via Tulsa, or by both routes to Los Angeles, via New Mexico and Arizona points and return, a distance ne way of 2,008 miles.) These two new trans-coutinental routes are to be operated under the terms of the Watres act, recently passed by congress and signed by President Hoover. The contracts will be awarded on a space mileage basis instead of on a poundage basis required under the old law known as the Kelly act. .Passenger Traffic Urged. It has been the contention of Postmaster General Brown that the carrying of passengers in the air should receive every encouragement possible by the government. With this end in view, the advertisements sent out today carry a preference clause providing that the department may award 'the contract to the lowest responsible bidder who has owned and operated nn air transportation service on a fived daily schedule over a distance of not less than 250 miles and for a period of not less than six months prior to the advertisement for bids. "Air transportation is a serious business venture, requiring sound and conservative financing." says the advertisement. "The department will not countenance the promiscuous sale of stock or any undue promotion of the same, where it is evident that Mi'h action is unwarranted." The bond to "be furnished with each proiwsal will be $250,000, and an td-ditional bond of $1,000 will be required when the contract is signed. The Watres act provides that the contract shall be awarded at fised rates per mile for definite weight pace, one cubic foot of space being computed as the equivalent of nine pounds of air mail, and such rates not to exceed $1.25 per mile. Where the air mail moving between the designated points does not exceed 25 cubic feet or 225 pounds per trip, the post-mastergeneral may award to the lowest responsible bidder, who has found mid operated an air transportation Mrvice on a fixed daily schedule over a distance of not less than 250 miles lor a period of not less than six months prior to the advertisements tor bids, a contract at a rate not to exceed 40 cents a mile for a weight space of 25 cubic feet, or 225 pounds. Whenever sufficient air mail is not available, first-class mail matter may added to make up the maximum io.-td specified in such contract. In order to meet the requirements ! the advertisement bidders must .::linit one bid which will cover both provisions of law. Bids submitted will I"' stated at a percentage of the maxi-nnm amount of 40 cents a mile for i'urnishinjr 25 cubic feet of space to accommodate up to 225 pounds of r ail, and of the maximum amount of 75 cents a mile plus full variables for iurnishing 47 cubic feet of space to (("commodate up to 423 pounds of mail ciider the $1.25 provision of the law. Award on Either Basis. The department reserves the right to make an award on either basis. If the award is made on the 40-cent-Juaximum basis and the poundage increases over 225 pounds, the bid will he applied against the appropriate high poundage rates, according to fig-ures prepared by the department. The fcume procedure will be followed in the event the award is made under the 1.25 provision of law and the pound-ase increases beyond 423 pounds. During the life of the contract, so slong as the 40-cent maximum provision prevails, the operator must furnish planes for transporting the mail :tbat have a capacity of at least 10 .passengers: in the event the poundage 'exceeds 225 pounds and payment is 'made on the provision with reference .to the 1.25 maximum, the planes ,1'mst have a capacity of at least seven : passengers. In the event a bid is submitted Continued on Fajie 14, Column 3 i V r7 ARTHUR O. WILLIAMS. PROVIDENCE, R. I., Aug. 2. (UN) "America's brightest boy" ran errands for the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Company today. Arthur O. Williams, Jr., 17, of East Providence, had requested only four days off to enable him to take the Edison scholarship examination at East Orange, N. J., and the fact that he won the contest and thus became a protege of the famed inventor did not cause him to forget his promise to be back on the job here this morning. Bank officials enthusiastically declared they would not have minded if Arthur had taken an extra day off, but the youth arrived in Providence at 4 a. m., almost unnoticed, and a few hours later was in his messenger boy's uniform and on duty at the bank. Arthur said he was rather weary, but thnt after a week-end's rest he would be himself a sain. He still refused to divulge his answers to the Edison test, saying he had promised not to discuss the matter. He said he doubted reports that he won by a wide margin. He believed that several other contestants had marks nearly as high as his. . Friends asked him if he would object to having a celebration arranged in his honor. Arthur replied that he wouldn't object, but that he wasn't "so wild" about the idea. PATTERSON FREED IN DRY SHOOTING Alibi Established by Testimony of Prominent Macon People. MACON. Ga., Aug. 2. G4)--Though two federal prohibition agents and a tenant farmer "positively identified" A. Lamar Patterso'n, 58, as having participated in a gun battle Friday night which resulted in the death of a third agent, prominent Macon people testified at a coroner's inquest Saturday afternoon that Mr. Patterson had played bridge at a Rivoli residence until after midnight. The evidence of the latter established what was termed a "perfect alibi" for Mr. Patterson, member of a prominent Georgia familyr and he was released from a charge of murder. Evidence introduced by the government at the inquest, held over the body of Prohibition Informer Herman Warr revealed an alleged pact between prohibition agents and Walter Caffee, laborer on the Patterson farm, to "get" Patterson Friday night with a large consignment of whisky. Caffee told of an agreement" with the agents whereby he should "turn Patterson up," but would not admit, on cross-examination by Representative E. E". Cox, of the second congressional district of Georgia, that his reward was to be a release from a cae made recently against him. C. R. Mdjuown, federal agent, said, however, that there was no agreement. The agent admitted on the stand that it was on information given the prohibition department by Caffee that the raid Friday night was made. It was McQuown and Agent W. A. Waller, and W. W. C rooms, a tenant farmer on Patterson's farm, who said positively that they saw Patterson in the vicinity. The agents said he took part in Hie . shooting, while C rooms, not near the scene of the firinsr. said he saw him a short time after the affray riding toward Ma con in his automobile. Dr. Charles A. Milbun. resident of Rivoli, told the coroner's jury that Patterson was at his residence play ing bridge from early m the eve ning until a late hour. The hour of the shooting was established to be around 10 o'clock. The verdict of the jury simply said that Warr "came to his death at the hands of an unknown party." Jbrank Uuhart. negro, who was known to have been shooting at the agents in their battle Friday night. was still at lance tonight, while state and county officers searched every nook and corner for him. He is believed to have been wounded. . . - MACON, Ga., Aug. 2. (Special.) Aroused to the serious financial condition in which the state of Georgia finds itself and anxious to seek some practical remedy therefor. Miller S. Bell, president of the Milledge-ville Banking Company, an outstanding Georgian, following a conference with business leaders from all parts of the state, has issued a call for a conference at the Dempsey hotel. Macon, at 11 a. m. next Tuesday. "As president of the middle Georgia bank and as a resident of Milledge-ville, where four state institutions are located. I am profoundly interested in the state's prosperity and the welfare of these and all other state institutions," declares Mr. Bell. "It is the opinion of all those attending the recent conference that the time has arrived when the business, farming and professional interests must unite in an effort to solve the fax and fiscal problems of the state. "The fact that appropriations by the legislature have exceeded the state's revenues has resulted in a critical situation at the staje asylum for the insane and . other state-supr ported institutions. "At the same time, it seems that fhe state has exhausted nearly every known means of taxation, and it is claimed that' some of these measures not only are ineffective but are inimical to Jbe orderly advancement of business enterprises. "It therefore seems imperative," continues Mr. Bell, "that the problems of the state's finances and tax laws must be examined and revised from a construction viewpoint, and that all- interests concerned must unite with the officials of the state in working out a sound and comprehensive means of taxation and a wise and compact budgeting system under which the tax moneys are expended. . "With these thoughts in mind, and fully alive to the seriousness of the situation confronting us, I have called the conference at Macon Tuesday and trust that the attendance thereon 1 may be both large and representative." Mr. Bell sums up the purposes of the Macon conference as follows: "To form an organization for studying and suggesting a sound taxing and financial system for the state of Georgia, and to co-operate with the governor and state officials and other competent authorities in having made a thorough and comprehensive survey of the state's finances and of its taxing system. "B'ollowing the survey, to create a committee whose function it will be to recommend such taxing and budgeting systems as are deemed best for the interests of the state. "To co-operate with the governor and members of the legislature in having such systems enacted, and for such other purposes as the meetins itself may determine." It is understood that Mr. Bell's invitation was sent to a large number of business people, farmers and professional men throughout the state and the meeting is looked forward to with much interest. ENDURANCE PLANE QUITS AT 31 1 HOURS ROOSEVELT FIELD, N. Y.. Aug. 2. OP) The red endurance monoplane, piloted by Bob Black and Lou Reichers, was forced down at 6 :05 o'clock (E. S. T.) tonight. The pilots said the motor "went dead." The ship landed in a rough field near the Salisbury Golf Club, a half mile south of the airport. The axle of the plane was bent in landing, but neither pilot was hurt. They had been aloft 3111-2 hours in a quest for the refueling endurance record held by the Hunter brothers, of Chicago. Black said the motor suddenly went dead and they were unable to get it started before they were forced down. The motor had functioned perfectly during its nearly 13 days of continuous flying up until the time it quit. Neither " pilot could explain why it went dead. . A passing motorist brought the fliers, both begrimed with oil. back to the airport before field officials could verify the report that the ship was down. It had not appeared above the field for 45 minutes when the pilots were brought in. Black said that after they learn the cause of the motor trouble they wrll sleep during the nigbt and take off tomorrow on another endurance grind, using the "green" ship which had started off with the red plane but was forced down within a few hours when one of the pilots became ill. ST. LOUIS. Aug. 2 (UN) Dale Jackson a"nd Forest O'Brine, attempting to regain the airplane endurance flight record, passed the 300-hour mark at 7:11 p. m. (C. S. T.) tonight on their way toward the 553-hour mark set by the Hunter brothers in .Chicago. ". Lands aj; Harbor Grace and Expects To Hop Atlantic Today in Effort To Beat Graf. HARBOR GRACE, N. F, Aug. 2. OP) John Henry Mears, who twice in a comparatively short lifetime has broken the round-world time record, only to see it again shattered, was poised here tonight for the longest hop of his latest effort, 1,900 miles across the north Atlantic, from this airport, to the Baldonnel airdrome at Dublin, Ireland. Mears dropped out of the skies at 1 :55 p. m., eastern standard time, today in his red and silver monoplane, the City of New York, after a speedy flight fioni Roosevelt field, New York, in the unusually good time of 8 hours and 15 minutes. The distance is 1,150 miles. With him were Henry J. Brown, 31-year-old air mail pilot, who acquitted himself perfectly in his first long over-water test, and Tailwind II, a terrier and the gift to Mrs. Mears from Mary Pickford. If all goes well, and there was every prospect tonight that weather tomorrow would be as near to ideal as possible over the dead stretch of the fog-shrouded north Atlantic which they must next negotiate, the fliers hope to be off at dawn. The world's record for the circumferential journey is 21 days, 8 hours and 2i minutes, and it belongs to the Graf Zeppelin, which made the mark last year. Mears and Brown hope to cut it to 15 days. The trim craft circled over this city twice before it came gracefully to a perfect landing. Mears alighted while Brown taxied back to the head of the field, and both were given rousing cheers by the large crowd which quickly closed in upon them. The two men posed . for about 20 minutes for newspaper and other photographers and then turned their attention to the all important iiusiness of tuning up the plane for its greatest test tomorrow. "A local aviation mechanic took the ship in hand and began a detailed check for possible flaws. In the meantime the fliers were taken to the hotel for refreshments and to confer on their plans. They reported an uneventful but enjoyable flight from New York during which the weather remained clear. Mears set a world's record in 1913 by girdling the globe in 35 days, 21 hours and 3(5 minutes. Again, in 1928, . he made a new mark of 23 days, 15 hours, 21 minutes and three seconds. On that trip he was accompanied by C. B. D. Collyer. The men used an airplane to" cross Europe and Asia and traveled by steamer on the oceans. The next year the Graf Zeppelin lowered the record mark. The Mears-Iirown flight tomorrow will be the first west to east crossing attempted in 1930. Major C. S. Wynne-Eyton, of England, who was to have made the first attempt on July 10. crashed on July 6 at St. John's during a test flight and was injured. His plane was demolished and the flight abandoned for this year at least. Mears said tonight he was confident of success. The plane he is using is a Lockheed Vega cabin monoplane. The flyer said if the weather conditions hold good the first peep of dawn will see the City of New York on its jaunt to Ireland. . EIGHT MEN KILLED IN TRAIN CRASH McNEIL, Art, Aug. 2. OP) Eight men were killed in the head-on collision of two freight train of the St. Louis Southwestern Railroad Company on a curve of the main line here today. The dead: Engineer H, W. Jennings, B. F. White, fireman, and B. L. McKenzie, brakeman, of train number 18, first section, north bound; AI E. Simpson, engineer and T. E. Hil-burn, fireman of train number 775, extra, south bound, and two unidentified white men and a negro. The unidentified white men and the negro were "riding the rods" when the trains collided, railroad officials said. ,, Between 50 and 60 box cars were derailed in collision and the two engines were , practically demolished. Working crews sent to the scene of the wreck were expected to repair it and clear it for traffic sometime late tonight. The cause of the accident was not determined immediately by railroad officials, but it was reported that one of the train officials overran his orders. - Jennings, White and McKenzie were killed instantly while Simpson and Huburn diS while being taken to a Texarkana hospital. Both the dead and injured members of the crew were residents of Pine-bluff, Ark. Railroad officials said that orders were issued to give train No. 775 the right of way and it should have passed the train it struck at Stamps. 15 miles fiuth. of the ec&ne of the wreck, , PRODUCTION OS PRICE TO COVER T, PLEA OF GROWERS Mass Meeting Held at Way cross Is Attended by Many Leading Tobacco Growers. Georgia's bright leaf tobacco belt today had passed through four days of the selling season with growers so disappointed over existing prices that relief was sought through almost every agency, including a federal investigation authorized by Attorney-General Mitchell, and telegraphic appeals to buying companies urging them to authorize their buyers in the area to raise prices to at least the cost of production. The investigation through the office of the attorney general came as the result of charges by . Senator George and " Congressman Edwards that, speculators were manipulating prices on the Georgia markets. Investigators were ordered into the belt Friday from Washington and were Relieved to have already started work. Another appeal to the federal trade commission for an inuiry was still pending before that federal agency. Monday, at Savannah, F. B. Bom-berger, a field representative of the federal farm board, will attend a conference of the directors of the South-easterh Agricultural Products Co-operative, State Commissioner of Agriculture Eugene Talmadge and growers. The outcome of the Monday meeting is of wide interest to the tobacco farmers, in that it has been urged that the farm board permit the dispensing of funds through, the Savannah Co-operative, to the extent of at least $5,000,000 to aid the growers in the tobacco belt. Mass Meeting In Waycross. Telegrams pleading for an iinprovei ment in the price being paid for tobacco on the south Georgia markets, Saturday flooded the offices of the larger tobacco companies of the United States. The telegraphic pleas bore the signatures of chambers of commerce, Lions clubs, Khvanis clubs and members of - the civic organizations representing the towns and cities of the tobacco belt. These insistent appeals followed a mass meeting of interested citizens of a number of south Georgia tobacco cities, held in Waycross at the call of D. N. Stafford, prominent banker and businessman of Baxley. The impracticability of closing the tobacco markets completely, as suggested by Commissioner of Agriculture Eugene Talmadge, was unanimously agreed upon, and a policy of dignified but insistent appeals to the buying companies, exporters and manufacturers, was adopted. Contents of Telegram. The following telegram was sent to the buying companies: . "The authorized representatives of the undersigned civic organizations in joint meeting assembled here, beg you immediately rlace your buyers in position to pay price for tobacco that will enable growers to pay cost of production. Unless price is increased Georgia growers are bankrupt." The following signatures appeared on the message : Southeast Georgia Co-operative Association, Waycross KiWanis Club, Waycross Lions Club, Waycross and Ware County Chamber of Commerce, Blackshear Board of Trade, Douglas Kiwanis Club, Douglas Board of Trade. Hazlehurst Chamber of Commerce, Baxley Kiwanis Club and Vidalia Kiwanis Club. A telegram pledging the wholehearted co-operation of the Fitzgerald Kiwanis Club and the . Fitzgerald Chamber - of Commerce was sent to the meeting which was presided over by D. N. Stafford, of Baxley. Among the speakers were such prominent south Georgia leaders as J. M. Purdom, tobacco specialist of the Atlantic Coast Line railroad; Martin Jarman, Hazlehurst: Jack Williams, editor of the Waycross Journal-Herald; Congressman W. C. Lankford, of the eleventh congressional district; J. M. Thrash, president of the south Georgia Junior State college at Douglas, and a member of the legislature from Coffee county; R. L. Oden. secretary of the Blackshear board of trade; W. D. O'Quinn, Waycross; E. K. Bennett, Waycross ; Q. L. Garrett. Waycross; J. P. Ward, president of the 'Blackshear board .of trade; E. J. Trotter, secretary of the Waycross Chamber of Commerce; G. L. Warren, Waycross. V Closing of Market Opposed. Congressman Lankford, whose activities for a federal investigation were commended by Chairman Stafford, expressed the belief that an appeal to the companies, and a federal investigation, are the only logical paths to follow for the relief of the sitiation. "To close down the market I am convinced would be an improper solution," he said, in thorough accord with the plana outlined for informing the buying companies of the displeasure of the farmers. He referred to the efforts of himself. Senator Walter F. George and other leaders, to obtain a federal investigation to determine whether there has been any "price-fixing" on the part of the trade.. , Opinion of Commissioner Talmadge. Commissioner Talmadge in a telegram to the farm board said that in his opinion that state bureau of markets was so constituted as to come within the Capper-Volstead act as a co-operative and its services could be nsed by the board in bringing federal Elopement of 'Kerf Rogers And Miss Barnes Revealed :. T" i" "" 1 ' "' . .. I if. . " - , r ' , ,..,. .,,,3 " - ! ft f $ i ... . i MANN PRAISED IS HIS SUCCESSORS HOTLY ASSAILED Convention Asserts 'Present Set-Up Is for Personal, Selfish Aggrandizement and Control. NEW GROUP URGES ' TWO-PARTY SYSTEM KENNETH ROGERS AND HIS BRIDE. Proving that his eye for beauty isfto Rogers Saturday averred that they just as good as that of his camera for action, Kenneth Rogers, manager of the photographic department of The Constitution, surprised his colleagues and friends Saturday when vague rumors of the termination of his bachelorhood were, confirmed, just a few minutes before he and his bride, the former Miss Jessie Lee Barnes, left for unannounced parts on their honeymoon. Miss Barnes, the daughter of Mrs. May Barnes, of 957 Ponce de Leon avenue, and Kenneth, accompanied by George Cornett, close friend and fellow lensman of Rogers, motored to Anniston, Ala., on July 22, after a series of - mild misadventures- such as becoming lost on the road, tire trouble and what not, and were married by a Judge Pope in the Alabama city on the afternoon of that date, it was learned. ' 1bose who work in close proximity had within the last week or so noticed a most sublimated sort of tenderness in Kenneth's usually keen blue eyes, and, although they are adept at developing negative situations in a dark room, it was not until Saturday that the secret of their friend's new poise, glance and stance, was revealed. Kenneth himself revealed it upon announcing that he was beginning his vacation. He casually said that it also would be a honeymoon. "But you've gotta have a wife to have a honevmoon," he was reminded. "That's all right," he returned. "I've got one." And so he had. said Cornett. letting the rest of the feline out of the bag. Miss Barnes, who is 18 years old, is a graduate of Commercial High school. The bridegroom, who is 23 years old, said that he and his bride bad been engaged for about two years. Atlanta Is Selected as Headquarters and Next Meeting Will Be Held Here August 15. SAVANNAH, Ga., Aug. 2. (jF) Republicans from nine southern states in convention here Saturday voiced opposition to the administration factions of Postmaster-General Brown and decided to charter headquarters in Atlanta "to rid the party of the unscrupulous and designing politicians who have controlled its development in this section." The next meeting will be ' held in Atlanta on Friday, August 15. The group declared that "a fabricated, temporary political set-up in the south has been created to control delegates to the next national convention for personal, selfish' aggrandizement." It added that it "condemns such practices and shall devote its time, personnel, an effort to eliminating this method of procuring them in the future." i The new organization praised the leadership of Colonel Horace Mann, who was in charge of the southern campaign which won six states of the "solid south" for President Hoover,, but who eince has not figured in the administration councils of the party. Southern - patronage was placed instead in the hands of Postmaster General Brown, who has worked through state organizations. . Those attending Saturday's conference included: Dr. Fred C Bedfem, South Carolina ; Lee R. Monroe, Florida; Judge J. A. Carver, Arkansas; O. A. Cotton, Louisiana; O. R. York, North Carolina; J. W. Farley, Tennessee; R. O. Lifsey, Alabama; J. S. Adams, Virginia, and J. W. Arnold, Georgia. In the chartered organization, which is scheduled to start functioning within two weeks, Mississippi also will be represented, it was stated. The convention went on record as sponsoring vigorous development of a two-party system in the south and stated that the 1928 campaign showed the southern people had broken "away from democratic moorings and definitely decided to remove the shackles of a one-party system." After the convention the delegate were entertained on M. O. Dunning's yacht. Continued on F4e Iff, Column 6. J ONES MEMORIAL GROUP S NAMED Initial Step Taken in Plan for $100,000 Tribute to Golfer. First steps toward erection at the Bobby Jones golf course of a $100,000 memorial clubhouse to the prowess of the world's golfing champion, were taken Saturday by the parks committee of council when that body established a committee of two charged with the responsibility of contacting various interests with a view of consummating a plan suggested by Eugene V. Haynes, prominent Atlanta real estate man. Under the plants outlined by Mr. Haynes in a letter to Councilman John A. White, chairman of the parks committee of council, Atlanta would contribute $50,000 to the project, while Fulton county would be asked to give $25,000 and an additional $25,000 would be sought through pub-lie subscription. - Al Doonan, southern representative of the A. A. U4 has been suggested as chairman of the citizens committee to raise the contributions anticipated from that source. Granite Structure Aim. Councilman James L. Wells and Frank H. Reynolds, of the parks committee, will interview Mr. Doonan, Mr. Haynes, members of the Fulton county commission and Sam Ven-able, principal owner of Stone mountain, regarding the matter, and will report their findings back to the committee at a later meeting. Mr. Venable and other members of the Venable family will be asked to " contribute granite for construction of the memorial from Stone mountain. The ultimate plan for development of the Atlanta Memorial park, the site or the Jones 18-hole golf course as well as the famous Battle of Peachtree Creek during the Civil War, is to link it by a memorial drive beginning at Kennesaw and extending along the banks of Peachtree creek to i A ustrian Divorce j ATLANTA'S CRIME Becomes Invalid As Minds Change KH WS H KhASh Continued on Pag Iff, Column VIENNA, Aug. 2. UP) A decision of the Austrian constitutional court in a test case involving the validity of remarriage under civil dispensation of divorced Roman Catholics today made such marriages legal only until challenged by the former wife or husband of one of the parties. Newspapers of every denomination and party expressed their indignation at the court's decision, which they say places about 180,000 married couples in an equivocal situation. Roman Catholics, who form nearly 94 per cent of Austria's population, bear the burden of the verdict since 1919, when the socialists passed a law permitting divorced persons to remarry, thousands of Catholics have obtained divorce decrees from civil courts and, in the belief that the civil law was above the canonical law, remarried before the civil authorities. The constitutional court ruled that it was incompetent to arbitrate a dispute between the political authorities and the law courts over the defining of the status of marriages made under civil dispensations from canonical law. The court said that since the law courts had declared sueh dispensation marriages illegal, in the future they would be regarded as legal only until challenged by the ex-wife or ex-husband of the remarried person. Melon Passion Lands G. Washington in Jail It might be proper and all that to lift a watermelon or two from the patch on the neighbor's farm out in the country, with no further danger than a load of buckshot, but the hand of the law forbids the pilfering of watermelons from railroad cars in the freight yards, George Washington, negro, learned Saturday in recorder's court. Judge A. W. Callaway gave Wash' ington 24 days in the f-tockade, with he alternative of a $12 fine, when Patrolman JI. F. Pittman told of chasing the negro through the freight yards while George was trying to make speed under the handicap of two. hefty melons. Lawlessness Is on Wane Here, Survey of Records Reveals. , BY BEN COOPER. In spite of all this talk about prohibition, mobs, rackets, etc., Fulton county today is nearer to a crimeless state of perfection than it was during the days of.the flowing bowl and the swinging doors. This was revealed Saturday by figures compiled by Howard F. White-deputy clerk of criminal court of Atlanta, from records of the period from 1900 to 1929. Mr. White's figures show that while the population of Fulton county increased 170 per cent during the 29 years, crime as recorded on the books of the criminal court experienced a 50 per cent per capita decrease. Prohibition, instead of bringing about a decrease in cases involving liquor, seems to have acted the other way, according to the figures. Over the 29 years, cases of drunkenness increased by 5.50 per cent per capita, and whisky cases increased 43.S3 per cent. The per capita crime in 1900, with, a population of 117H3, was 118, tb figures show. In 1910, with a population of 177,733, it was t8 ; in 192U, with a population of 132,907, it ai ti9; and, in 1929, with a population of 317324, it was 59. Larceny cases decreased 27.66 per cent per capita during the 29 years. Malicious mischief decreased .39 per cent. Pointing a pistol cases increased. 1.41 per cent, and concealed weapons decreased 3.51 per cent. Gaining decreased 8.14 per cent. The old fashioned practice f wife-beating increased 2.12, per cent; assault ami stabbing cases decreased 9.14 per cent. Cheating and swindling took renewcl life with an increase of 2.16 per cent. While per capita crime decreased during the 29 years, the number f cases made actually increased from 097 in 1900 to 5,447 in 1929. L-l .'V

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