Eighteen Logansport, Indiana Pharos-Tribune Protests Over Court Mounting WASHINGTON (UPI) - Pro-1 Americans to seek other ways tests against the Supreme Court's I than rote recital of prayers in prayer-in-schools ruling continued to reverberate across the nation today. Former presidents, members of Congress, civic organizations and, religious leaders assailed the ruling as a denial of America's heritage as a "nation under God." Here and there a voice was raised in support of the court. Some Protestant leaders accepted the court's interpretation of. the Constitution as forbidding any state to prescribe a particular form of prayer. They urged N-Ships Are Needed, Says Adm. Rickover WASHINGTON (UPI) - Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover thinks the Navy is all wet in its opposition to building more nuclear- powered ships -because of their high cost, congressional testimony showed today. The outspoken father of the atomic submarine told a House appropriations subcommittee recently why he feels that way. "The Navy claims that nuclear surface ships are too expensive," Rickover said. "'For this reason, they are not interested in building additional ones. The cost of a nuclear ship over a 20-year life, taking building and operating cdsts into account, comes out to be a'bout one and a half times as much as for a conventional ship; "While an increase of 50 per cent is considered a reason for not going to such naval ships, I have not heard any naval aviators advocating that we should not use naval aircraft even though their cost has gone up about 2,900 per cent. "Actually, almost everything •has gone up in cost. Even th# cost of having babies has gone up. I believe it is now about 1.7 times what it was in 1950. On that basis, we should stop having babies, but I see no visible evidence of this." Rickover, who is manager of naval reactor development for the Atomic Energy Commission, also had some barbed comments on the type of graduates the service academies are turning out these days. "If you want to compare their scholastic achievements with those of European students," he said, "I can give some basis for such a;comparison. J 'I don't believe that the average graduate of our service academies has been much better equipped intellectually than the graduates of the higher secondary schools of continental Europe. "If you look at the examination questions that must be passed by the 18 to 19-year-old boys /and girls on completing the course at the better secondary schools in Europe you will see that many of the graduates of our service academies would have a hard time passing them." classrooms to foster the spiritual growth of children. Jewish leaders and other minority groups welcomed, the decision as a buttress to religious reedom. Cries of Outrage But the pro voices were vastly outnumbered by cries of outrage and dismay. Roman Catholic leaders and conservative Protestants were especially distressed by the decision. ;, In Congress the court was denounced in the sharpest terms hat have been used since its desegregation decision of 1954; Bills were introduced in both the House and the Senate to amend the Constitution to overrule the decision. White House Press Secretary Pierre Salinger said there would >e no immediate comment from President Kennedy. The President was certain to be asked about the ruling, however, at his news conference later today. Former President Herbert loover, in New York, urged irompt enactment of a constitu- ional amendment permitting re- igious exercises in schools. He called the court's prayer ruling 'a disintegration of one of .the most sacred of American heri- ages." Ike Opposes It At Gettysburg, Pa., former 'resident Dwight D. Eisenhower noted that the Declaration 1 of In- lependence, adopted before the Constitution, "asserts a religious oncept—that we possess certain rights as an endorsement from >ur common creator." Former President Harry S. Truman declined to join in the denunciations of the ruling. He said nly, "The Supreme Court is the nterpreter of the Constitution." A similar position was taken by . Irwin Miller, president of the National Council of Churches, and he Rev. Dr. Roy G. Ross, its jeneral secretary. In a joint statement, they said: "The Supreme Court bears the -esponsibility for interpreting the aws of our country. However, his does not relieve the churches, he schools and individual citizens rom the imperative need for find- ng, within the letter and spirit of he laws of the land, ways to •ecognize the importance of re- igion and to emphasize the strong religious' convictions which have >een the foundation of our na- .on." The relatively calm reaction of some Protestant leaders reflected heir long-standing conviction that required prayers in public schools have little positive value in religious education, and may even have a negative effect in caching children to look upon irayer as a sort of ceremonial 'ormality. BROWNS SIGN TWO i CLEVELAND (UPI) — Bob G£in and John Morrow, a pair of veteran linemen, have returned signed contracts to the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League. The 260-pound gain signed for his 10th season and Morrow signed for his third. • .In Indiana an estimated ..75 to SO per cent of the 18,'000 patients now committed to state hospitals and schools receive little psy chiatric treatment. PROTECTION NEW YORK (UPI) - William Buck) Ewing, who played with Cincinnati and Troy, N. Y., be- 'ore joining New York of the Na- ional League in 1883, was the 'irst professional baseball catcher .0 wear a mask. Roger Bresna- lan, Giants' catcher in the 1890's, invented and was the first to use shin guards. Report Several Hurt in Failure Of Nuclear Rocker HONOLULU (UPI) - Eyewitnesses returning from Johnston Island saaid Tuesday "several" technicians suffered minor injuries June 19 when large.fragments of a thermonuclear rocket rained down: on the island during an ill- fated attempt to explode a nuclear device in • the Van Allen Belt. The rocket and its megaton warhead were destroyed minutes after the launching because of a "malfunction." The. test was scheduled for an altitude of between 100 and 500 miles. The witnesses said some of the debris weighed more ' than 100 pounds, and that there would have been "extensive casualties" had not most of the . Johnston Island workers been evacuated earlier by boat and taken to' a safe distance offshore. One source said injuries to personnel were certainly more extensive than Joint Task Force 8 indicated in an official announcement, which said there were no injuries. A task force spokesman, asked about the report of injuries, said today that he had no comment He added, that any comment would -'_J,-«- v~ come from Washington. One eye witness said the 55- ton missile was blown up in the air when it was "only a few thousand feet" off the launching pad. He said scientists are still investigating the failure of the Thor rocket to determine what caused it to malfunction. The witness said AEC officials posted warnings to all personnel not to touch any of the debris that was widely scattered over the island. AtLEY REGULATIONS NEW YORK--(UPI) - A regulation bowling alley must be 62 feet, ,10% inches from the foul line to the edge of the pit and 60 feet from the foul line to the center of the No. 1 pin. THREE AND THREE BALTIMORE, Md. (UPI)-Exterminator won the first three runnings of the Pimlico cup with three different jockeys—Clarence Kummer in 1919, Laverne Fator in 1920 and Albert Johnson in 1921. Postpone Estes Trial In Texas PECOS, Tex. (UPI)- District Judge J.H. Starley today indefinitely postponed Billie Sol Estes's trial on felony theft charges. But he held the case in session pending a decision on a possible change of venue. The defense had requested a six-to nine-month continuance on state charges that the onetime farm tycoon bilked a farmer of $16-2,144. "The problem now is whether to change the venue on the court's own motion or to invite counsel to file a motion for a change of venue," Starley said. Both prosecution and defense said they will fight any attempts to move the case from Pecos, which is Estes' home town. The defense asked for a continuance of the case on the grounds that it was impossible to seat an impartial jury. Estes only Monday had asked for an immediate trial. He also faces even other indictments on charges of felony theft from farmers through fertilizer storage tank-mortgage deals. Defense attorney John Cofer announced in court Tuesday nighl hat he wanted to withdraw the defense's "announcement of readiness." He blamed excessive publicity about Estes, and said only one member of the jury pane" had not read about the Estes case. "All with the possible exception of one have read extensively in the papers of the offenses -the defen dant has .been charged with," Cofer said. "In two or three terms this situation may not be in ex istence." Each court term lasts three months. Starley admonished • the jurj panel not to read about Estes in the newspapers or watch or lis ten to any reports about him on television or radio during th 13 Convicts Still Atop Catwalk PITTSBURGH (UPI) - Penn- ylvania's top prison official was expected to 'arrive at Western Correctional . Institution today where 13. convicts were perched OT the catwalk of an 80-foot wa- er tower to protest "inhuman reatment" by guards. .Convict Robert Payne, 28, start. ed the demonstration Monday after the noon meal when he broke away from guards, scaled a 10- oot high cyclone fence topped with barbed wire and scrambled up the tower ladder: , The tower, located at one end of the prison 'recreation yard, iverlooks the Ohio River and homes in the-Woods Run area, described by police as a "tough iection." Payne attracted the attention of nearby residents by waving a white night shirt and told them wanted to talk to newsmen, le shouted down that he was pro- esting the "cruel and inhuman' reatment" inmates suffered in 'the hole," the name prisoners have given the prison's maximum detention area.' Spent Lonely Night Payne, formerly of Washington, XC., spent a lonely'night on the ower. Guards made no effort to ;et him down. Then, after the evening meal Tuesday 12 other prisoners defied prison guards and joined Payne on the tower. They carried food and water in. their pockets for Payne. Once atop the tower they displayed bedsheets with messages saying "help us, we are >rotesting against brutalities." When word reached state Corrections Commissioner Arthur T. ?rasse in Harrisburg that the demonstration had gained nationwide publicity he' announced that ie would go to Pittsburgh. "I'll talk to Payne—if he comes down," Prasse said. Warden James F. Maroney said ie had no plans to try to get he convicts down from their rer'ch. He ordered guards to ig- lore them. Maroney denied Payne's claims :hat prisoners sent to the confinement section, which replaced the old solitary confinement cells, were subjected to inhuman treatment. He said the prisoners sent jiere for disciplinary action were tept separated from other prison ers and lost their privileges bul received the regular prison fare. "The hole," where the protest's were likely to be sent when :hey do come down, is a shabby, ;rey brick building with the jarred windows printed over. Newsmen Refused Admission When Payne, who was commit ted to the prison in 1960 for a aarole violation after servinj time for robbery, first climbec the tower newsmen were refusec admission to the prison. In an effort to get his -story they went to the upper floors o nearby homes and shouted ques tions up to him. He told them that he had been "put in the hole for 19 days.. for no reason at all." "I'm not coming down uriti there is an investigation of con ditions here," he shouted. Iharlie Chaplin, lusk Get Oxford Jniversity. Awards OXFORD, England UPD-U.S. ecretary of State Dean Rusk jo- ially downed a peaches and hampagne toast with comedian Charlie Chaplin 1 today and then maiched with him in a procession s they became honorary doctors t Oxford University. Rusk, a "Yank at Oxford" 27 'ears ago, was awarded a doctor til civil law degree for being "a trong bulwark of justice and reedom." Chaplin,- often accused of Communist leanings and barred from ie United States, was cited as 'a man who sympathizes with the inderdog." He received a doctor if letters degree. But Maroney described Payne is "incorrigible and; a discipll- iary problem." He said newsmen vill be able to check the condi- ons Payne complained about, ut only after he comes down rom the tower. The 12 other inmates managed o join Payne shortly after the [inner hour Tuesday night. Fif- een prisoners rushed the water ower, but guards turned back all iut six. A short time later, six more managed to scale the fence t the bottom of the tower and made their way to the top. night. He put, them on their honor The indictment Estes is bein) tried on alleges eight counts o theft over $50. But separate in struments attached to the docu ments listed a total of *82V,57 Estes is accused of stealing from six Reeves County farmers in fer tilizer tank-mortgage deals. Estes asked for immediate tria on charges of stealing $1B2,14< from farmer Thomas A. Bell in liquid fertilizer contracts, Este also is under federal indictmen in El Paso on 29 counts of frau< and conspiracy. SUCCESSFUL AUCTIONS ARE ALWAYS WELL ADVERTISED! m — • • The poorly attended auction, the one which brings in low prices, is usually the one which has not been properly advertised! - ,•(....' Your auction will be far more successful if you place your sale bill in the Pharos-Tribune and Press, where more than 80,000 people of this area will see it. Be sure to tell your auctioneer to run YOUR sale bill in these newspapers two or three times—or better still, bring it in yourself. You'll find you'll get a crowd of buyers—with better prices, and end up with a successful sale! ALSO, when you run your sale bill in the Pharos-Tribune and Press, you get a FREE listing in our daily sale calendar! There are as many people in lospitals with mental illness, at my one. time, as all other- disuses combined. - Call New Hearings On Airlines NEW YORK («rt) - Federal Judge George i Rosling called renewed hearings today in Pan American .World Airways' efforts to stave off a renewed flight engineers strike by means of an injunction. • Rosling put off making an expected ruling on a preliminary injunction Tuesday and instead extended a restraining order against the Flight Engineers-In- ternatiibnal Association (FEIA) until 4 p.m. EOT July 6. The FBIA's attorney, Daniel Kornblum, angrily charged the court was abridging a congressionally granted right to strike. Rosling countered that he wanted time to conduct an "orderly" hearing to bring out all the Tacts and-to study the law. Rosling scheduled additional testimony and arguments for this afternoon in federal court at Brooklyn. There was no immediate indication how many days the hearings might consume. Kornblurr, at first said he would appeal immediately to the Circuit Court of Appeals. But he Jater modified that by saying he probably would not appeal right away, awaiting instead the outcome of today's hearing. Rosling's delaying a walkout by Pan American's 500 flight engineers had no effect on an FEIA strike which has grounded East Wednesday Evening, June 27,1962. ern Air Lines since last Saturday at an estimated loss of $1 million- a-day in revenue. Pan American conceded Tuesday that uncertainty in the minds of passengers over continued operations had hurt its business during this heavy vacation period. The flight engineers-also went on 'strike against Pan American last Saturday, but returned to work a few hours later when the airline secured the temporary restraining order from Rosling. The restraining order was extended by Rosling less than 15 minutes before the 4 p.m. EOT deadline. Although they obviously did not not like -the new .delay imposed on them by Rosling, union leaders said they would advise their members to obey the order. The union had been prepared to resume its walkout Tuesday if the court order had expired or been lifted. Pan American and Eastern engineers took the strike route to enforce demands that they be guaranteed a seat in jet cockpits in planned reductions from four to three crewmen. HILL SIGNED CONTRACT ST. LOUIS (UPI) - Defensive halfback Jimmy Hill has signed his contract with the St. Louis Cardinals for the 1962 National Football League season. Hill intercepted four passes and returned them 92 yards last year. Read the Want Ads! AFL EXPANSION EXPECTED IN '63 BOSTON (UH)-A decision ts expand (he young American Football League to nine, and possibly 10, teams for the 1963 season was expected today in the final session of the league's spring meeting. The eight club owners or presidents making up the AFL's executive committee had three franchise applications pending before them after twice delaying a decision on whether to expand and if so, by how many teams and how soon. The owners wore expected to pick one of the three current applicants, Kansas City, New Orleans or Atlanta, for inclusion in the league in 1963 and possibly would earmark a second franchise for 1964 entry. The single 19<i3 addition was the result of a compromise proposed by Houston Oiler President K.S. Bud) Adams Jr. after opposition developed to adding two learns for the 1963 season. Opponents of two-team expansion for 1963 said that slocking two new clubs would take seven or eight players from each of the eight charter members, They said they would rather space the slock, ing losses over two season jby giving up three or four players per year. $4.96 was the average daily cost of caring for a patient in an Indiana: Stale Hospital in 1961. You C';»n ( ouisi on I I Pre-Season Savings Now Mfl M41UEY NU fflUNCI Atk about Stow Modernizing Credit Plan ... 36 months to pay. Our Best Basemeht Gas Furnaces Regular $234.95 199 Complete installations, furnaces, bailers, conversion burners, wall heaters ... all types of home heating. Call Sears for free estimate. Save $35.95 Now. Our best "600" series 80,000 BTU gas basement furnace with LIFE-CLAD ceramic coated heat exchanger for long life. Has ovresize blower with capacity for central air conditioning. 2-stave silent ignition. A.G.A. approved. (Ask about our other sizes, too.) 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