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PAGE FOUR THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, I.OGANSPORT. INDIANA SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17,118? Editorials... "There's a sure way to avoid criticism. Say nothing, do nothing and become nothing." (Earl Wilson) Parking Is Still No* 1 Problem The lack of adequate off-street parMng space- in downtown Logansport becomes more apparent every day, and particularly so with the approach of the holiday business activity. More than one excellent parking lot location has been lost to the city permanently because of a lack of positive course of action. The only new added space which is now forthcoming is the site of the old Eagles Lodge, which has been leased by the city from that, organization. Other cities,around us, competing for the trade which is vital to the life ,of the entire city, are pushing forward at every opportunity to .install more well- located off-street lots in order to keep their downtown areas from strangling. It is high time that we in Logansport take whatever steps are necessary to secure additional off-street lots so that the downtown shopping center can continue to progress as a center for a large trading area. No Easy Education The parent who seeks to instill in his teen-age son or daughter the value of hard, patient intellectual effort is fighting an uphill battle. This is so because we are living in an era which tends to minimize the need for such mental discipline. Happily, there are signs that this attitude is changing. The idea that education must always be easy and pleasant was challenged by a number of speakers at pleasant was challengel by a number of speakers at the Conference on the American High School held recently in Chicago. One of these was Prof. Theodore W, Schultz, chairman of the University of Chicago's economics department. He charged that many high schools and colleges are unwilling to train students for tough intellectual work, and said that this will retard the nation's growth. William H. Cornog, a high-school superintendent from Winnetka, 111., told his fellow educators that "the discipline of hard and patient effort is inescapable." He added: "You cannot turn out a thinker with any less effort than one turns out a musician or an artist, or even an athlete. While permissiveness may lead to a charming whimsicality, it can never lead to wisdom." That word "permissiveness" strikes a sore point with anyone who is concerned about the all-too-easy course of much' high school education. Requirements should be strengthened, and high school pupils should be put through a more rigorous course. Parents can do their part by encouraging in their children a desire for knowledge and giving them a greater awareness that there is no easy road to learning. It may be a thankless task, but it is one worth undertaking. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q—what was a recent accomplishment made by two "ham" radio operators? A—Two scientists communicated directly with each other over "ham" radios between the North and South Poles, a distance of 12,430 miles. «. * * Q_Who was president when the first federal income tax law was enacted? A—Abraham Lincoln on Aug. 5, 1861, signed the first federal income tax law in our histry. The tax was 3 per cent on incomes aver 5800. * * * Q—who was the designer of the "Mercury". dime? A—A. A. Weinman. The design appeared in 1916 and lasted until 1945. * * * Q—What is unusual about the growing of cotton in Arizona? A—The state is one of the few ti-ta An atomic war wouldn't determine who is right—only who is . left. cotton-growing regions that does not lose crops because of the boll weevil. * * * Q—Was the ancient Greek Parthenon always a temple? A—No, in addition, the Parthenon became a Christian church in the 6th century; in the 15th century it served as a Turkish mosque; and in the 17th century, the Turks used it as a powder house. * * * Q—What was Mrs. Eisenhower's maiden name? A—Mamie Geneva Doud. CARNIVAL George E. SOKOLSKY These Days The Need For Reorganization On June' 27, 1956, in this column appeared the following paragraphs': .''We have recently witnessed the •? spectacle of generals and admirals and' members of the Cabinet appearing before a Senate Committee and announcing to all the world with some detail that the Bussians are beating us in the armament race. The country was as much taken by: surprise as •when it was. discovered that the Russians had the atom bomb. . "What is the real explanation for our backwardness? There is no use telling our people that we have taken second place in a field in which the American genius has been foremost, the field of inventiveness and manufacture. What has gone wrong? WHAT WAS SATO then was true until President Eisenhower announced that he had appointed a missile boss. Why the delay? Why . is unification limited to missiles? Why the lack of effective meeting of challenges when they appear? The weapons of war are rapidly changing but this has always been true between wars. However now another factor has been added, namely the speed of the changeover. There will be no 18 months delay while our factories -tool up and get ready for .the great push as there was in World War II. There will be no. opportunity to. knock- out the enemy after he has fought for nearly six years on multiple fronts as we did to Hitler. . . THE FIKST BATTLE could be the last battle in the next war. The atom obsolescence as we move into the era of guilded missiles and rockets. The distance between the .user of a weapon and the enemy may be as wide as between the rockies and the urals. When space is conquered, time disappears and what used to take years might be accomplished in time measured by minutes. The new weapons are designed to destroy cities which lend themselves to almost automatic destruction because of their complexities. Take, for instance, a city like New York. Underground is a most complex arrangement"of arteries: subways,, electric light and power "wires, telephone cables, water mains, steam pipes, -sewers, post office chutes, etc. A weapon which could put these out of commission swiftly would put the city out of commission. The streets are narrow and over-built by structures which rise to the apex of 102 floors as in the Empire State Building. The falling glass would assist an enemy as much as the fire that is inevitable even from a block-buster. THE PROBLEM THEN is to strike at Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev and Odessa before the Russians can strike at New York, Detroit, Washington and Pittsburgh. The essential problem is not only the speed of the weapon but the speed of decision. There can be no time for a prolonged Senate debate, nor for a President to make a television speech. There will be time only for decision and action. In a word, we have to revise all our ideas on the organization of our affairs-. What we have always had in American history is no longer available to us. That is time. The'clocks are spinning too swiftly for our habits and we shall have to change our ways 'if we mean to remain in the race. .THE EISENHOWER administration has been too slow perhaps •because of the President's assumption that he might some' day work' out something with Soviet Russia, perhaps through Marshal Zhuvok. In this error of judgement, he was undoubtedly supported by government experts who have too rarely been right about Russia, as the records shows. The Zhukov phase of our official thinking ought to be over now. At any ratej there can be no meeting in Washington between comrades- at-arms who will introduce a dipli- matic conversation by a recital of the good, old days when they fought the Nazi. Zhukov is now in no position to talk to Eisenhower. Therefore, President Eisenhower might just as well give up the theory that he will find a way to Khrushchev's heart; he will not because Khrushchev needs Eisenhower as a whipping boy, not as a friend. And as long as that is so, the value of speculating on what can be done by peaceful, friendly means, only loses time in the race for a balance of weapons, which is the war game we are now fighting. THE SUNDAY PHAROS - TRIBUNE and LOGANSPOBT PRESS Published each Sunday by the Pharos-Tribune and Press, 517 E.. Broadway, Log-ansport, Indiana. Entered a,s second class mail at the Postoffice at Logransport, Indiana, under tlio act of March 8, 1879. The Pharos-Trio une-e st. 1844 The Press-est. 1921 » The Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Loffansport Press, lOc per copy. The Pharos-Tribune, evening's and Sunday, 35c. per week by carrier. The Los-ansport Press, mornings and Sunday, 35c per week by carrier.-The Pharos-Tribune, the Lo- iransport Press, and the Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Losransport Press, 65c per week by carrier. By mail on rural routes In Cass, Carroll. Pulton, Pulaski. Miami and White counties, each paper $10.00 per year. Outside trading area and within Indiana, $11.00 per year; outside Indiana, ?1B.OO per year. All mall subscriptions payable in advance. No mail subscriptions sold where carrier service Is maintained. 114 "We Can't Let Anything Stand in the Way of Progress" WALTER WINCHELL On Broadway The Broadway Firing Squad Television critic John Crosby ii the most recent newspaperman to challenge his confreres -find the one-eyed monster, Joan Crawford's description of the camera lens. Mr. Crosby, whose literate opinions have! •wounded and embraced the deser Ting, was the re-l clpient of harsh appraisals from] some of his fellows . . . This i: toconsol'e him! with drama critic George Jean Na-| than's quotes: "Far from logrolling, the records, with few exceptions, show that when I o c a-1 critics (and others of the theoretical fraternity) have written plays and had them produced, the reception accorded them has been for the most part anything but over-friendly. In certain instances, indeed, it has even been unnecessarily hostile, as was to be expected from the prejudice of many critics against one of their craft .with bravado enough to exercise his wings In a craft apart." likes fo critics—then tt wHI b« dead." Although some reviewers tend to deprecate their life-or-death power over plays — actors, producers and playwrights have no such doubts. As Herman Shumlin, the producer, has noted: "Throughout rehearsal* and tryout on the road, everyone is .obsessed by one thought: Will the New York critics like H? On opening night I don't care if the actors can't be heard in the balcony. I want them to play to those seven men sitting down front in the orchestra." F.P.A., one of the pioneers of the colyuming profession, once debunked the legend that newspaper people go easy on confreres . . . He pointed to. the late Heywood Broun, columnist, who emceed a flop revue . . . "They charge us newspapermen with scratching each other's backs by log-rolling. The. only logs colleagues usually roll are logs over each other's necks!" Angelo PATRI Dress Child Warmly But Comfortably A sweater is an essential part of a sehoolchild's wardrobe. Its color is most important to him but its quality is what his mother looks at. He must be protected from the severe cold of winter and a sweater does that neatly and comfortably. So far so good. ".Remember, now. Don't go out without that 'sweater. Keep it on in school so you won't forget it at recess time. If it's on you it can't be lost." Susie and Johnny nod heads and go to school where the temperature is kept at an even seventy. The teacher looks over her sweater-bearing group, smiles in friendly fashion and says, "You'd better put your sweaters in the locker for the time being. The room is warm and you will need to put them on when you go to pirn where the temperature is sixty- eight." (Most of the boys and girls are happy to get the warm sweater off but there is always one who sits, wearing an obstinate look and his sweater. The teacher lifts an inquiring eyebrow and he says, "My mother told me to '.wear my sweater." "Very well. Then I need not fed responsible for any discomfort you may feel," says the teacher cheerfully and that's that. .But when you think about it wearing a wool sweater in a classroom all day long, session after session, the temperature seventy, can be rather^ uncomfortable. Its wearer can be conspicuous among a group af classmates who are not wearing sweaters and that is something no school child wants. There is no need for fearing a sweater or a ski suit will be lost if it is put in .its accustomed place and bears the owners name. This latter point is important. The owner's namne should be on a taped label, clearly printed, firmly sewed in place. • Cap, mittens, sweaters, ski suits, rubbers and boots, all should be clearly labeled with the child's name, the class and room number. Then in case it is mislaid its owner can be found promptly,. Every school .of any size has a lost and found room where articles picked up about the building can be placed. The losers, and there are always some, know to go there to look for their belongings. Sweaters and such things are all Drew PEARSON Wash ing ton Merry-Go-Round ' Drew Pearson says: Postmaster General delays stamp commemorating satellite until U.S.A. has one; Other problems beside satellite move slowly in White House; Senate's No. 1 humorist comes from New Hampshire. WASHES-GTON — Arthur Summerfield is a pioneering Postmaster General when it comes to painting -mailboxes red, white and blue; but he is very cautious regarding Sputnik. He is just not going to print a new stamp commemorating the International Geophysical year until the U. S.. A. hoists a Sputnik of its own into the skies. Summerfiled has already decided that the United States will honor, the geophysical year with a commemorative postage stamp. However, he's going to wait until the very last day of the year — even until Dec. 31, 1958 if necessary — before issuing the stamp. Of 'course, if a real live American Sputnik gets over the horizon before that day, then the stamp will be forthcoming. Reason for the sagacious Summerfield's caution is that the design proposed for the geophysical year's stamp would include the official IGY emblem. This emblem shows a satellite orbiting very much alike. One red sweater looks very much like, another; a cowboy boot is one of a million. If each is labeled the disputes of ownership can be reduced to a •minimum. Only -the harassed teacher knows what a help that can be. Use the thermometer as a guide for dressing the children. Use rainhats and no umbrellas. Label all belongings. Don't command children to wear them in class-. These may seem little things to a parent but how big they can be to the teacher! Do you have a slow child? One who is always behind at play and in school? In leaflet P-ll, "Slowness," Dr.' Patri explains how rhythm develops faster; motion in a child. To obtain a copy, send ID cents hi coin to him, in care of this paper, P. 0. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) HUBERT ^Frankly, young man, you are'n't making enough mom* to support her—but neither am II" National Advertising Representatives: Inland Newspaper Representative* '© \ni, Ktoj F THIS what you call 'eating out?'' through space around a globe. The Russians had not made an announcement on their satellite plan when the IGY symbol was adopted; so world scientists, enchanted with the promised U. S. contribution to -the "year," placed the American satellite on the design of the emblem. However, since the U.S.A. hasn't produced, the postage stamp- using public would view this as the Sputnik, not our would-be satellite. So Summerfield, taking no chances, will wait. He doesn't want to be accused of honoring Russia's achievement. However, one nation, Japan, has already issued a postage stamp showing the IGY emblem and the would-be American satellite. It was issued July 10, 1957. Other countries have also been issuing stamps showing their contributions to the IGY program. Molasses-Moving White House A lot of people are asking; "Why the bog-down on the missile-satellite program?" Part of the answer goes to General Molasses-motion inside the White House. This bogs down a lot of problems. Here are some illustrations: Civil Rights Commission — This was ballyhooded by the White House time and time again, beginning with the President's state of the union message in January. On July 16 Ike urged: "I hope that Senate action on this, measure will be accomplished at this session without undue delay." At that time a civil rights bill was certain to pass, and Ike could nave begun considering commissioners to administer it. But he delayed. Not until November, more than two months after the bill was passed, did the President act. Foreign Aid — No issue before Congress got more attention from Eisenhower than Foreign Aid. He especially urged a "development loan fund" to lend money abroad. He got his loan fund, from Congress — after going on television to appeal to the people. But now, three months, after winning the battle, he still has not appointed a "fund manager" to administer the money he said was so essential. Education — Beginning four years ago, the President publicly urged aid for education. Privately he gave Congress no help to pass aid to education. Scores of phone calls went to Congress to block Hell's Canyon and to block the Patman probe of high interest rates and Eisenhower fiscal policies. B'Ut not one to help secure aid for our schools, which are beginning to lag behind Russia. The delay on missile and satellites involved some other factors, but the so-called "tranquillizing" mood inside the White House was one reason for the bog- down. New Hampshire Humorist Greatest humorist in Congress, in a quiet, quaint, New England way, is Sen. Norris Cotton of New Hampshire. Here is a cross-section of his coolidgesque observations written to the folks back home: "This Congress is both a hare and a tortoise — mostly tor-" toise." . . . "We must get back to work, In my next letter I'll come down off the mountain top and report to you from the trenches." . . . "As a boy, I was amazed and impressed by a lecture on the internal mechanism of the dairy cow. I regarded bossy with a new respect, a complex machine — a milk factory on legs. She has four stomachs — one true stomach, three for storage. In one day she can cram 150 pounds of wet grass into her compartments. Then she retires to a shady place, regurgitates it in small amounts, chews it thoroughly, and digests it in her 'true stomach.' Congress should be equipped with the Incidentally, when critic Wblcott G-iblbs challenged his fellow sharpshooters with "Season in the Sun," Mr. Nathan expressed enthusiasm for the play. However, he recalled that when Gibbs reviewed one o£ his books, he had stressed his (Nathan's) flaws as a critic. Nathan concluded with a typical thrust: "When I report favorably on the bounder's play, it may be he is right and that, as a critic, I have aU the shortcomings he says I have." As another case in point, there was "King of Hearts," directed by reviewer Walter Kerr (and coauthored by Mrs. Kerr), which was more popular with the public than critics. Mrs. Kerr later observed: "I played it smart, I let Walter direct it instead of review it." The exception to the rule was G. B. Shaw, a great critic and a greater dramatist. Shaw, however, never ceased being a critic. He explained: "As a playwright, I was a critic of the human race." Playwright Howard Teichmann, who co?authored "The Solid Gold Cadillac" and the recently departed "Miss Lonelyhearts," has given a graphic description of th.3 terror he experienced while challenging the critics: "I have never been more frightened of anything in my life. When my wife had the baby, when I was kicked out of college, I'wasn't so frightened. The' feeling is, "You started all this, you brought about this calamity, this money was spent all because of you. You let down all those actors and exposed them to hostile audiences and pre«. Don't ever do it again. . ,-' Ben Hecht, a vet of the first- night wars, is a complete escapist. Despite his success, Hecht cannot face the stern reality of a premiere. He abjectly confesses: "I try to make the theatre vanish. I try to remember a favorite relative. One or two aunts I join'up with. Or I get in a historical mood where nothing matters of small consequence like an opening. Sometimes I find myseH in Mexico, or Europe or Asia." Playwright S. N. Behrmaa refuses to attend premieres. The frightened man hides at home. "I have my anxieties," be points out, "but I also have some amusing ways of getting through an evening at home. Among other things, I try to dope out what Brooks Atkinson's attack w going to be—I know his phrases *nd style. I have improvised openings for him for thirty yean, I guess. Not once have I been right. It's a delicious annoyance." One of the more enduring Broadway legends is that "Abie's Irish Rose" was an overpowering hit despite the negative notices. For years, that play's great monetary success has been a prime example in demonstrating that the aislemen are not all-powerful. Actually, "Abie's Irish Rose" secured raves from 80 per cent of the N. Y.^ reviewers. Critics are not candidates in a popularity contest. They would rather gain respect than affection. The oft-quoted comment by reviewer John Anderson stresses the foregoing: "The truth is that critics are usually right—but they are the wronrf critics for the theatre they criticize. That is one of the things that makes them right. That is the thing that makes them necessary. Whenever the theatre same kind of apparatus." . . . "The Department of Agriculture wiU hire three additional mycologists but will keep the same number of zymologists and cytopath- ologists. I am Jiot sure what these are, but here's something I know about — the same department plans to spend $125,000 to increase production of castor oil in this country." . . . "This week Texas and Arizona Senators slipped a joker into an appropriation bill to make the government buy protein meals (for cattle) and give them to their section as drought relief . . . Yet since 1934, a food stamp bill to use some of our surplus in giving a proper diet to undernourished people hasn't been permitted to reach the floor. This solicitude for animals over humans is curious, isn't it? Reminds me of the first letter Henry Ward Beecher. ever wrote — at the age of 5. " 'Der Sister, We are al wel Ma haz a baby The old sow has six pigs.'" Not all playwrights and entices are natural foes. Williah Saroyan, who argues that the world is the duckiest place and people are all darlings, has often expressed his adoration for reviewers—even after he was the victim of unhappy notices. Saroyan has written-: . "My plays are criticized by the better critics, or at any rate by the ones who seem most to cherish truth and the theatre, for two things; carlessness and an air of optimism which seems false to them. Have I an answer for such critics? I have, but first of all I must say that the charges appear justified; and I must remark that when the charges have become known to me I found it impossible not to examine my work carefully and not to feel that I must henceforth seek to improve. A creative writer can learn from a sritical writer." One of the few performers who can accept reviewers with relative serenity is Rosalind Russell. Prior to the "Auntie Mame" opening, the star confidently informed an interviewer: "What's the worst thing that can happen to me I ask myself. So they say I'm from Dixie. It's not going to kill me. I still have my husband and my son—and all the .salted almonds I can eat." Such was Miss Russell's way of saying "mrtz!" to the critics. Another cucumber is Ethel Merman. She has announced: "The way I look at reviews, if they're good, they're good, and if they're bad, they're bad. All a performer has to care about is whether, she knows inside herself that she's done a good job. Yon can't make a critic praise you by wanting him to." It has been said that the strength of criticism lies in the weakness of the subject criticized. By the same token a reviewer's approval merely reflects the skill of those who inspire it. A critic's esteem is not a gift—but a hard-won victory . . . When critic Percy Hammond received thank-you notes from actors, he invariably replied: "It isn't necessary to thank me for a good notice. I. want to thank you for giving me a good time." LAP F-A-DAY "Bobby! How was France?"