THE MORNING POST, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5 1867. THE FLAGUE OF CLLRES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE MORNING POST. Sir, Judging from the animus displayed in a letter signed " An Ex-Minister," which was inserted in your impression of yesterday, it would appear that the writer must be suffering from the i fjt-cts of a probibly richly-deserved butt from the red-laced gentleman at the Foreign-office of whom wt Lave heird so much lately, and who, thanks to your leading articles, has been brought before the public as the personification of a sort of official Trinity, uniting in his own person the attributes of an under secretary of State, a permanent clerk, and a diplomatic agent. I have no intention of running the proverbial risk of those who interfere in qaarreh?, and I have nothing to do with that between the " Ex-Minister" and hia official enemy, but I do very strongly object to the tone ..dopted by the former iu alluding to the body of iLen employed as clerks in the public service, a body of men of whom he evidently knows little, jkUd with reference to whose duties, capabilities, plication, and social position he appears to be en-tirely at fault. The " Ex-Minister" wishes to turn clerk into a sjrt of copying-machine ; he is .. j dreLt'y under the very erroneous impression Li.". the greater part of his life is spent in : j ing and in docketing other people's letters ; uja: tbis eventually untits him for anything .,-.ttr. and that he becomes quite incapable : icraiing a sound opinion upon any matter of mpt nance : and he says that neither his education nr his a'tainments can make him a safe - ;id .u politics. Are these statements borne out by facts ? Will the ' Ei-Minister " take the :ri sble to inform himself of the opinion eoter-taiced by aDy Secretary of State or Under Secretary as to the capabilities of the chief clerk, and tne beads of the different departments in his own :i :. wb.et.ier he considers that they are or are no:, in most ca?es, men of very considerable attain -xeats . upon whose knowledge and capacity he is to a great degree dependent, and upon whose pinions upon various weighty subjects he ui and dues, as it is absolutely necessary that he should, place the highest reliance ; and will he a-k him what would become of ljxi and his office if those gentlemen were to be voiced upon in the light suggested by the "Ex-Mmibter," and treated as "dictionaries of dates and facts" only I Does the "Ex-Minister" suppose that the Government clerk, after leaving his office, shuts himself up in a bandbox, and shuns all com-:....u nation with his fellow-men ; or is he aware tmij a-, a general rule, in the case of the better offices, he is a member of at least one good club, That he mixes in good society, and that he has in !cauy ways the very best of opportunities during : s leisure hours of leading exactly the sort of life v bi ;n is especially calculated to assist him to shake ofi the trammels of official routine, and to educate Limsvlf upon those very points upon which the ' E:-. - Minister deuies him to be capable of forming an opinion I Tae " Ex-Minister " appears to lonsider a clerk and an ignoramus to be synonymous terms, and to be ignorant alike of the fact ".tat the natural position of men entering the principal offices of State i9 usually such as to necessitate their receiving, under any circumstances, the best education which money can procure, and of the existence of an additional safe-giard against the ignorance which he apprehends, in the person of the civil service examiners and in competitive examinations. Has the " Ex-Minister" ever heard of Mr. Haia- ViJ . Under Secretary of State for Foreign Aftairs And is he aivare that this gentleman, "u sc talents and capabilities have met with the ;. it: best recognition, aud who has been created a i'rivy Councillor as a reward for his services, was, : upwards of 30 years, a "permanent clerk" in : Foreign -office I If so, upon what ground does ' nvsu me that there are not, as thtre most cer-" tin ; are, in the Foreign-office and iu other offices, Ji&ux men who are equal to Mr. Hammond in every . and arbitrarily limit the rauge of their abili--5 to their being able to give proper answers to r jer questions within reasonable time? If the L-Minister " ventures to write about the power tier people to form opinions upon politics, he - avoid showing his own incompetence to raj one upon a very much more simple subject. ii he writes about education, it would be better to . '.L' Uc of such expressions a9 " putting a - I o strong." If he wishes to place his own f ral position above doubt, he should hardly e&ve ii to be deduced from his letter ; by so doing, spposing his standard in that respect to be on f it With that which he applies to general iutelli-LVLCSj and which maybe inferred from the self-satisfied style in which he writes, he provokes the suspicion that he himself may be hardly accus-. to move ia those circles of society iu which "-j-..lv of the unhappy clerks upon whose social " ". ,s i.t looks down with such supreme contempt -.-ived as constant and welcome guests. ! r 4 bedient servaut, "O. H. Lie?. 3. as good as new, and the costly fittings were in admirable working order. As she arrived at home she could have gone forth to fight and coequer any enemy, proud in her undisputed efficiency. But Routine fastened on her with its iron grip. Permanent officials decreed to her the fate of the old-fashioned man of war. The magnificent ironclad, perfect in every detail, decorated by her officers with smart cabins and all the luxuries and fittings which taste, and even affection, could devise, was dismantled. The Lords of the Admiralty, in their wisdom, thought better of it, and sent to inquire whether the Pwoyal Oak had been touched. They received for answer that, in accordance wilh the orders of permanent officials, the dockyard workmen were already on board stripping her. The cost of this is some 20,000. A little later the Admiralty, so I am told, regretting the loss of so perfect a ship, asked how much it would cost to fit her for sea again. Answer, 50,000. She is now lying by a mere useless hulk ! Now, sir, I can affirm that if on the arrival of the Royal Oak she had been inspected by a competent dockyard official, in company with Captain Keane, the Commander, and the engineer, the outside estimate of repairs and refitting Deeded would not have reached 2,000 ; and she would have been adequate to many more years' service. Again, I can assert that the gold mouldings and other decorations of cabins would have been willingly paid for quantum caleat by the successors of the present officers. But they have all been destroyed by dockyard officials and dockyard paint. And why is this ? Only to maintain the huge staff of permanent officials, who would be cheap indeed if pensioned off. The maximum of labourers is maintained by keeping up the maximum of work, and the permanent clerks revel in every abuse that sustains permanency. In this instance the country, contrary to the wishes of the political members of the Admiralty, has lost a perfect ship, which it might have retained for 2,000. The permanent clerks have souandered 20,000, and have thus brought about "an inefficiency which can only be restored at an expenditure of 50,000. I am, sir, your obedient servant, Dec. 4. a. B. ILLUSTRATED GIFT-BOOKS FOR TEE YOUNG. SOME DIPLOMATIC TMUTBS. tO Tilt KMTOR OF THE MORNING POST. " our able advocacy of the cause of our ! ' - men against the sham system which degrades v .r offices promises at last to be productive of good ri a, that direction. But depend upon it we Lave not got to the bottom of it all yet. The whole s cret and un-English system practised in our public apartments generally must be exposed and abo-.ished, for it is undoubtedly too true that the permanent clerks of all our offices band and league themselves together in a manner not only extremely reprehensible, but which is much more dangerous to t'ue public safety, all things considered, than the rattening system which has caused so much indignation at Sheffield aud elsewhere. Poor ignorant men like the kiufegriuders who were in fault there, 61 the tailors who were lately brought to reason in London, could not uti'ect any very wide mischief. They were powerless in comparison to the permanent clerks of our great public offices, for they only desired to maim or ruin each other, and their rattening was confined altogether to a class. But when an under secretary at the Foreign-office, sinsle-hauded, can plunge us into a "little war" (as yen justly call ft) of which no man can foresee the issue, and add an increase of twopence to an impost so unpopular as the income tax, it is high time to look about us, and to prevent any of his colleagues in future from trving their hands at a similar experiment. I am, sir, A LONDON TRADESMAN. (From TlteOwl.) The following is the complete history of the transaction between France and Austria, whether they are to be classified under the name of convention, protocol, or exchange of notes : At Salzburg, the question was mooted between the two Emperors of an alliance between France and Austria. It was seen by both, however, that no treaty could be made, because there was no aprar ant necessity for any such treaty ; but there was a general understanding that it might be for the interests of France and Austria to keep on such relations as would facilitate a union between them in the event of any aggressive project on the part of any European Power. When the Eaiperor cf Austria was in France the attitude assumed by Itussia had become disquieting, particularly to Austria, who has a large Slav population, and Austria endeavoured to ascertain how far France would be disposed to maintain the Ottoman Empire, the integrity of which is essential to the safety of Austria. The French Government expressed itself so as to lead th,e Emperor of Austria to believe that it would join in the maintenance cf that empire, but that a great deal would depend upon the conduct of Great BritaiD. In order to ascertain the feelings of England, Baron de Beust cime over to London, and the answer was (hit there was no necessity for any renewed engagements, the existing ones being sufficient, and that the English Government could not make any pledge in advance of events. Such is the milder version of the story. Another in which we have equal confidence, though given with reserve, relates that, according to reliable information, MM. Moustier and De Beust, having signed at Paris, on the 25th of Oct., a protocol in two articles, confirming the guarantee annexed to the Treaty of Paris, and providing for the integrity of Turkey, decided on the 28ch that, in lieu of obtaining the solitary adhesion of England to the protocol, it was better to call together a conference of all the Powers signataries of the Treaty of Paris, with the view cf deciding the measures of reform which Turkey should concede to the Christians in the East; and, on the other hand, of guaranteeing its territorial integrity in the sense of the above-mentioned protocol, which in this case would only serve as a simple project to be submitted to the conference. It is also alleged that on going to London Baron de Beust endeavoured to obtain the adoption of these views by the British Cabinet, but without success, for the reasons before explained. It is further stated that the orders given by Turkey to her diplomatists for their ulterior language are to the effect that she would be much more disposed to accept a conference than to grant any of the measures which have been demanded in favour of Candia. It is much doubted, however, whether this idea of a conference will be brought to a serious issue. The foregoing statements place ia prominent relief the vacillating policy of France on the Eastern question. At fiist she seemed well disposed to the Cretan revolution. and it was stated that General Calergi, the personal friend of the Emperor, had been sent to Greece to prepare the insurrection. This was, at that period, the opinion of nearly all Greeks. The reason assigned was, that France required Candia for herself, or, at all events, for her establishments in Egypt, where, as is well known, she is endeavouring to obtain an exclusive ascendancy. The passage of the Isthmus of Suez would be very conveniently allied with the possession of Candia. When it was ascertained that the Cretans did not want to exchange one master for another, but to be annexed to Greece, France became more Turkish tban the Turks, and ner eonsui in ianeua, Ji. Uucber, pushed his Turkish sym pathies to exaggeration. In February last, however, there was a complete and sudden rcvircnunt. France proposed not only the cession of Candia, but also of Thessaly and Epiius. She then was beginning to court Russia, apprehensions having been raised of a rupture on the Rhine. On seeing, after the settlement of the Luxembuig difficulty, that nothing immediate was to be feared on the part of Prussia, France began to show a coolness towards Russia; and wo know that a telegram from the Emperor Alexander ioquired into the reasons of this sudden change, adding his knowledge of a French agent being sect to the camp of Onier Pasha, urging him to strike a decisive blow. France was alarmed, and again turned towards Russia. Again later, when symptoms of a breach with Prussia manifested themselves, Francesigned the declaration of the four Powers, only making some veiy slight modifications. This declaration we now learn is considered by Russia as terminating the Treaty of Paris. At the present moment, being mote intimately allied with Austria, and being in want of Cbnstmas and New Year gift-books for the young have become quite an institution. They are apparently looked for with as much eagerness as were formerly the less intellectual enjoyments of snap dragon, forfeits, and Twelfth Night burlesques, which till very recently constituted the chief pleasures of juveDiles at this festive season. However, whether at Christmas or any other time, it must always be regarded as a graceful act on the part ef clever men and women to devote their time and talents to writing books for the amusement or instruction of children. Of these kindly-spirited authors Mary Howitt is a bright example, as many a well-appreciated volume from her pen has lately testified. She has now added to the number by a series of sketches, woven into a tale, under the title of " Our Four-footed Friends," which holds a foremost place among the illustrated books for the young just published. It is written in her usual simple unaffected style, and is prefaced by a few equally uopretending lines addressed to her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales. The following stanzi, with which they open, will give a good idea of them and of the precepts inculcated in the work itself : " Ldy, a nation loves thy little ones ; And in that love would ask of thee a boon That shall be blessed to them Teach them to love All things that God has made." The narrative commences with a description of " The Manor Farm and the People There." At the head of the latter stands Mr. Goldilands, the proprietor, a perfect type of that admirable class, the old English country gentleman. It is the great object of himself and bis wife to make everybody and everything on the farm comfortable and happy, iu which laudable efforts they completely succeed. Animals are their especial care, and the instructions given on this point to their three grandchildren and a youthful visitor at the farm constitute the principal part of the work. The lessons are conveyed by means of a variety of anecdotes demonstrating the sagacity of different quadrupeds " our four-footed friends and interspersed with pleasant pictures of country life. Horses, dogs, sheep, oxen, and other useful animals have chapters severally allotted to them ; and some very amusing stories are also related of the extraordinary iutelligewce often displayed by elephants. Through such simple channels, then, does Mary Howitt strive to teach young folks the value of tenderheartedness ; or, to use her own words, how best to " exercise that kindness and good-will to every living thing, whether man or animal, which it was, and Btill is, the Divine privilege of Christianity to instil into the human heart." The illustrations are extremely good, representing " our four-footed friends " under various circumstances described in the text with great fidelity to nature. " The Catastrophe, "showing the little Skye terrier caught in the trap, and " Dandie turned Driver," are really superior sketches of the kind ; while " The Preaching Monkey " will probably bring Bmiles to many a youthful face. In every way, therefore, amusement is combined with instruction in this interesting history of man's 4 1 four-footed friends." The contents of the volume aptly styled " Puni-ana " are so utterly ludicrous as to disarm all serious criticism. Due credit also must be given to the author, the Hon. Hugh Rowley, for his kindly intention, which is obviously to promote the mirth that the festive season of Christmas should ever bring in its train, especially for youthful hearts. As he observes in his jocose, and therefore appropriate, preface, " the most fitting place for his book is in the bauds of the young gentleman who has undertaken to amuse an assembled party," brought together, it may be inferred, for the purpose of spending a pleasant evening. Riddles, jokes, and merry conceits follow each other iu unbroken succession throughout its pages, enough to furnish entertaicmont for many such social gatherings. The play upon words appears to be endless, most of the puzzles having some witty annotations attached to them with the answers. A large number of the puns, of course, present the usual anomaly of being good, because they are so bad ; their very absurdity, as it were, raising a smile in spite of one's better judgment. More, likewise, depends upon the spirit with which we regard these eiuirks and quips than on their relative merit, as the author points out when he says, "The moBt trifling pleasantry, spoken at the fitting moment, with effective voice and telling action, is a success. The best joke, the most successful riddle, is lost, falls flat upon the ear, if it is not met halfway by a proper state of mind or temper." In tbis disposition his "Puniana" should be accepted, and then even the most fastidious critic would readily forgive the stretch of imagination which U often rerprired to point the wit, or to make intelligible the gist of the grotesque lettering with which he sets off each divisional " canter " of his puns and puzzles. We heartily recommend his amusing volume, therefore, to all those who are not above being children at merry Christmas-tide. The "Original Poems, Illustrated," published by Messrs. Routledge, are really old friends of the last generation of juveniles in a new dress. They have, however, lain long enough on the old shelf as it were, to come out with a freshness which will ensure them a cordial welcome among the children of the present day, for whose delectatiou they are thusrevived. They describe familiar scenes and incidents of everyday life, or relate little fables of the animal world, such as combine amusement with moral instruction for youthful readers, while rendered additionally attractive by the simplicity of the versification. The style in which they are now presented is highly ornate, without being too elaborate, or out of character with the poetry. The illustrations, designed and engraved under the entire direction of Mr. J. D. Cooper, are from the pencils of some of our first artists. They are beautifully executed, whether as depicting scenes from nature in her varied aspects the storm-tossed ocean peaceful woods and meadows or fiery-mouthed volcano or as representing with simple fidelity the incideuts narrated in some of the poems. The latter will of course possess greater attraction for children than the charming nine Dies ot landscape painting to be found among the former. But this union of artistic skill with plain teaching cannot fail to elevate the tastes as well as to instruct the minds of the young, and will obtain for the volume the approval of all parents who are anxious to compass such desirable ends in the education of their children. "The Purgatory of Peter the Cruel " is one of those strange stories which convey an excellent prototype ; and the adventures of " Peter the Cruel," during his well-deserved purgatory, are drawn out to greater length than the happier experiences of " Indur." It will not detract from the interest with which numerous youthful readers will undoubtedly peruse the entire narrative, if we also add that the young man awakes from hi trance in the end a perfectly reformed character THE ST. ALBANS RITUAL CASE. some weie retained. " Where were they retained bat ; in the Book of Common Prayer? I The Dean of Arche Take a particular instance. Do you say that lights were so aboluhed ? J Mr. Stephens concluded that they were, inaamuch they were not expressly mentioned in the Book of Common, grayer. 2s either candlesticks nor candles could now be legally introduced into our churches except for their "c wueu requireci. io place a candles Uck on the COURT OF ARCHES. Dec. 4. fBefore Sir R. Philhmore, Dean of Arches.) THE OFFICE OF THE BISHOP PROMOTED BY U ART IN V. MACKONOCHIE. The hearing of this long-pending case commenced to-day for such a satisfactorv conclasii.n imob. W A number of clergymen, including the rev. defendant, were Lord's table was an ornament tn Kiv .., .1. jIT expected at the very outset of the narra- Psect during the day. light waa to introduae a ceremony. The learned geuUeman live. The grotesqueness of the illustrations adds Mr. Stephens, Q.C., Mr. Coleridge, Q C, and Mr. Swaby ""f.14 the cmoo and decrees of the Council of much to the amusement which the book appeared for the promoter. -tame is well calculated to afford young chddren. They Mr. W. M. James, Q.C., Mr. Prideaui, Q.C., Dr. meditation of divine things, on which account Holy Mother are conceived and drawn in Ernest Griset's usual Tristram, and Mr. Charles appeared for the defendant. j Chch had instituted that certain portions of the mass happy style, and no higher praise can be given, as In replv to an inauirv made bv coun-1 ' hould be said softly and certain portions in a loud Une, he is so well known to excel iu this peculiar line of : Thfu!, f , T 7 1 ? u 4L ?nd .also certain ceremonies such as mystic portraiture peculiar une or , The Dean of Arcnes said that he should hear three benedictions, lights, and fumigations of incense, with a " Tha R- V,r. ; m .iA , counsel, or even four, at each side. The case was one of riew to the mind being raised to the contemplatiou Mr eenwood gfor thS3-ry hj . such importance that he should be unwilling to deprive f di thiD "Lic,h V bidde" in ri-axr. ureenwooo, ior tee entertainment of very , . fice. Such were some of the ceremonies to which om!ill ;,.,;in.. v 3 i.t r Himself of any iezal assistance he could nrocure in eon- f j i ;.u A a..: iciciculo waa uuc, auu, wuu a now w lilrir ills- small juveniles it may be presumed, although omiseu ot ostensibly " confided to the marines." It is very S,denng lfe 1 continuance, nothing was left to the discretion of individnal inferior in merit to the tale which has int been 1 lt was then arranged that evidence should be given in clergy that which was written n as to be observed, that -j . .-i- i-.. , . . . J . I an tii " I which was not mentioned was clean sweDt awav and uouceu ; us aosuraities oeing neither instructive i '"i1" U1 ouu"5 Ul w arwcies Mr. Bean was examined by Mr. Stephens, and deposed to having attended at St. Albans on the 23J of Dec last, and also on Christmas and the f jllowing day, at the eleven o'clock and quarter past eleven o'clock services. Mr. Mackonochie was the officiating minister. W nt,f. can scarcely justify the production of such a tissue the communion service and saw defendant elevatinc the dark ceremonies," and such he regarded the ele valine of ot nonsense as his adventures are, when compelled i paten, and after consecration prestrating himself bv bowine ;he patan,' Prostratioo lighting of candles in tha day-to personate a bear, and eventually to become " The his head to the earth before the eummt. ' SfJr?. ?8e of ln,cense; e monent a clerymaa If there had only been some occa- I k J"1" a I,n9.01 ac"OQ DO accordance with sional strokes of genial humour in the narrative it , ZZ " r" ZISE? .... aTW-ffl nor amusiuc. and there is nn moral I pasnn lift be extracted from it as an excuse for the improbabilities it sets forth. The old ioke. indeed, that the sailor who relates the story is re presented as navmg " told it to the marines. which was not mentioned was "clean swept away and rejected." The matter was not left so that clergymen might act as they thoaght proper, or go back to the adoption of ceremonies which the Reformed Church had rejected. They were not a class distinct from others ; they were not to set themselves up as sab-mediators between man aad his God. The ceremonies which were swept away were pronounced to be " dumb and i-pnutuU tit. .t.tn. f . i ii. . i He attended St Albans ! ES 1'"" "I ffl? :iH j -o . j cww uio ureau anu re- Bear King." wonld hav nWl rrmrr wirh nr.W n;nf WL- I " "Pv menage, saul that of thp o;nn . p.pr r W i.,i I uc waa au unoenencea clergyman. are too crim. as it were, to eraita litnoritor Th QU1-C on t last, also on the 13th of Jan. ! ceive the pay of the Church. But not onlv wa th n talent of Ernest Griset has also been called into I la9t" Mr-Mackomocllie was not the officiating clergyman, but ruction of the statute law in hia favour, but he had the requisition to illustrate this volume, and he has he P" -isted at the altar. After the conse-; ?g1STS SlS'SSSSSS crauon tnere was a pause, and then the paten was elevated to Articles of Visitation, and quoted a number of cases in above the head of the consecrating clergyman, and the support of his argument that usage such as could be shown other clenrvmen nrostrat thm.lv.B ! in the present case acquired all the force of law. Cross-examined by Mr. Prideaux-Witness always knelt ' JtZT M coacladed his wnen ne consecrated the elements. executed his task with the same ability, making the most of the " situations" which present them selves in the course of the story as fitting subjects for his pencil. His bears and lions, that evidentlv do delight to " growl and fight," will cause many a smile, even if they fail to do so in the narrative. SOCIETY OF ARTS. At a meeting of the Society of Arts, held in the Society's room, John-street, Adelphi, yesterday evening, a paper was read by Mr. J. H. Stallard "On the Relation betweer. Health and Wages." In the course of his observations Mr. Stallard gave a view of the existing poor-law system, from which he drew certain conclusions in favour of a re placement of the present repressive measures by an active system of judicious help to those who axe drawn down by sickness and misfortune to a state of pauperism. He contended that there was a necessity for a more perfect organisation of charities, whereby the destitute and deserving poor may be supplied with what is necessary without having recourse to the system of begging inseparable from the present multiplication of charitable institutions. He also argued in favour of the necessity of supplying relief to the children of the indigent class in the shape of wholesome food. In addition to these suggestions, he recommended that industrial training should be a condition of all relief to the children of the poor, and that such training should occupy the first place in the education of a class which depends on labour for independence ; moral and religious instruction being from the necessity of the case secondary thereto. The lecturer likewise urged that, by a system of seven years' apprenticeship, with food and clothing at the public cost, a certain number ef children may be raised from the indigent to the artisan class, with the view of breaking down the monopoly now enjoyed by the latter, and to fill up the hiatus which sickness and misfortune constantly make in the ranks of the artisan. Further, the lecturer contended for the necessity of measures to transfer as many children, orphans and others, to the country districts where, as iu Scotland and France, they may be cheaply and healthily brought up in the class to which they naturally belong. By this means the physical degeneration inseparable from town would be cembated, and the tendency to scarcity of labour in the country, now becoming general on account of the facilities of transit and the attractions of large towns, would be greatly diminished. In conclusion, Mr. Stallard insisted that it was the duty of Government to provide a register of labour through the instrumentality of the poor-law, and to reform the tramp wards, in order that a stop may be put to vagrancy, and the destitute labourer may travel with safety, and with a reasonable expectation that he may obtain work. These objects, he said, could only be achieved by a reform in the present system of doing charity by proxy, and the efforts of philanthropic persons, organised and superintended by a staff of officials, which might be properly provided at the public cost, with the certain result that charitable persons would give more liberally, because they would have confidence in the executive. The rates would then be only used to supplement benevolence when the latter failed, and the rich would thus relieve the lower order of ratepayers from the undue pressure to which they are now subject. In fact, State charity, to be efficient, must be kept as much as possible out of sight. After a brief discussion a vote of thanks was aceorded to the lecturer, and ths meeting separated. REAL PRESENCE AND ABSOLUTION. irgumen What he objected to ia the services of which he spoke was the prostration of the upper part of the body. Mr. Stephens, Q.C., then proceeded to open the promoter's case. The charges contained in the articles against the rev. defendant, and which were brought under the Church Discipline Act, 3 and 4 Vic, cap, 83, were, in substance, as follows : That he had offended against the ecclesiastical laws 1. By the elevation of the paten during or after the prayer of consecration ; 2. By the use of lighted candles on the communion table at times when they were not wanted for giving light ; 3. By using incense in the celebration of the holy communion ; and 4. By mixing water in the wine used in the administration of the communion, thereby contravening the statutes, constitutions, and canons ecclesiastical of the realm, and against the peace and unity of the Church. In the formal articles it was charged that the defendant elevated the paten in a greater degree than as prescribed by the Book of Common Prayer, and that he knelt or prostrated himself before the consecrated element?, and that such elevation and prostration were unlawful additions to, and variations from, the form and order prescribed by the statute law and the Book of Common Prayer, and were contrary to the statute law and the constitutions and canons of the Church. Like statements were made in reference to the other charges. The learned counsel hsving referred to the statute of Edward VI. and the Act of Uniformity, 13 and 14 Chaa. II., which prescribed that the ministers of the Church of England should be bound to read the morning and evening services and to administer the sacraments in the same manner and form as was directed by the Book of Common Prayer, next referred to the 2d of Elizabeth, which enacted that everything should be done in conformity with the directions in the Book of Common Prayer. The clergy were therefore bound by the statutes of the Book of Common Prayer. What they prescribed as necessary to be done they should UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE. FB0M OCB OWM CORRESPONDENTS. OXFORD, Wednesday. CONVOCATION. In a convocation held this afternoon the names of the following gentlemen, who had been nominated to the office of select preacher at Michaelmas, 18t8, were submitted to the house and approved : The Bishop of Oxfoid, D.D., Oriel College; the Bishop of Rochester, D.D., Trinity College ; the Rev. Wharton B. Marriott, M.A., Exeter College; the Rev. Charles W. Saadford, M.A., Christ Church; and the Rev. William W. How, M.A., Wad ham College. In the same convocation the vice-chancellor was authorised to pay the sum of 50 out ef the university chest to the Vicar of Kirkdale. CONGREGATION. In a congregation held immediately afterwards a form of statute was promulgated abolishing subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles and the three articles of the 36th Canon of 1603, and substituting instead a declaration of assent taken from the 36th Canon of 1865, and from the Clerical Subscription Act of the same year, the last clause of the declaration being omitted, as applying only to the clergy. ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. An examination will be holden in the hall of this college on Thursday, the 12th inat., for the purpose of filling up the classical scholarship at this college. Candidates must be commoners of the college, of at least one year's standing, and not upon any foundation. The names of candidates must be given to the president on or before Saturday, the 7th inat. BRASENOSE C8LLEGE. The remains of Mr. Mervyn Prower, who died on Thursday last at this college, were to-day conveyed by rail to Swindon, for interment in the famdy vault at Pyrton. The body was accompanied from the college chapel to the hearse by the principal of Brasenose (Dr. Cradock), the graduate and fellows of the college, and the senior and junior commoners. A considerable number of the deceased's university friends, in full academicals, followed the hearse in mournful procession to the railway station, anxious to pay a last tribute ef regard to the memory o wno was so aeserveuly popular England on the Roman and Italian questions she enters ! moral through the medium of chimerical fiction, into toe engagements we have indicated, and makes declara-! T. f u tit- t r a tiens from the throne in favour of the integrity of Turkey. f 13 , bJ Ir- James Greenwood, aDC We anxiously await a fresh phase of her policy. The d I e.levfirlv illiiatrafpfl lir Tvrrmnt rjriaot The nar. j rative commences with the introduction of Peter 3 v: :i :i: r-i. a. : : a t j auu. uio luuuiuau prupeumties ior toi mring insects, TO TEE EDITOR OF THE SX0RSESQ POST. Sir, Your correspondent, " An English Churchman,'' is in some considerable doubt as to the teaching of the Church of England on these two points. Kindly accord me a few lines of space, as I think I can supply him with an answer. The voice of authority is now silent in tha Church of England, and the only speaking Church at present on matters of catholic faith is the one great Catholic Roman Communion. If this authority on what is to be received as catholicity be not accepted, where is any one to lookfsr it? Now, in Keenan's " Controversial Catechism, or Protestantism Refuted" a work bearing the printed approval of the Roman bishops, and avowedly written for the purposes of conversion, and therefore not likely to strain doubtful questions in our favour we find in the 3d edition, 1853, pp. 168, the following question and answer under the head of Holy Eucharist : " What says Dr. Parker, Protestant Bishop of Oxford (Reasons for Abrog. the Test, p. 13, 1688) ? " It is evident to all men that are but ordinarily conversant in ecclesiastical learning, that the ancient fathers, from age to age, attested the real and substantial presence in very high and expressive terms." " Indeed (continues Keenan) almost all the learned bishops of the English Protestant Church are of the same opinion on this matter, and no one cm doubt that a vast section of that Church at present are as much catholic as the Catholics themselves on the subject of the real presence." At page 201, under the head of Sacrament of Penance and Confession. I find : Mr. Stephens -Does the Church of England teach anything on this 15 subject. Tjr Stephens He had power to order that a table Yes ; the Book of Common Prayer teaches both con- should be substituted for an altar. fession and the power of absolving " I The Dea? of Arches-And to alter the material? T, . , , Mr. Stephens said that that was his contention. The order I beg to assure An English Churchman that I am received the approval of the Privy Council, and was circu- not a Roman Catholic, though I own I very much prefer lated all over the country. It served to show how the surgeon to St. George's Hospital, who attended him during his last illness, which does not bear out the letter which aDDeaxed. signed by the Oxford medical gentlemen who were called in, and which impugned the accuracy of the reports that appeared in the London papers as to the cause of Mr. Prower's death. Mr. Lee says : " I am of opinion that hia lamented death was connected with the injuries which he received as be was returning to his college a few days previously. When conscious Mr. Prower alwaysattribu;td the origin of his illness to this cause." CAMBRIDGE, Wecnesdat. SECOND GENERAL EXAMINATION FOR ORDINARY DEGREES. Esaminers Norman Macleod Ferrers, M. A., Gonville and Caius College ; John Bntteridge Pearson, M. A., Emmanuel College; Frederick Whitting, M. A., King's College ; John Bundle Cornish, M.A., Sidney Sussex Colhge. First Class. do ; that which they did not prescribe in the way of cere- , Tn referenc7 to ThU nk unX uiomiu me ciergy iiau no rigni. io nave, ana couia not letter nas Deen puDUsnea trom Mr. Lee, legally have, recourse to. That he laid down as a proposition which could not be controverted, and which was clearly established not only by the statutes to which he had referred, but by the statutes of the Book of Common Prayer. Alterations were expressly made in the celebration of the Holy Communion, and the clergy were referred to the Book of Common Prayer, and io that alone, as showing them the forms that were retained. His contention was that all that was net so retained were abolished. With respect to " external ceremonials," reference was expressly prohibited to any other book but " to this book and the Bible." The first book of Edward VI. said that " Forasmuch as nothing caE almost be so plainly set forth but that doubt may arise" 83 to use and practice to appease all such diversity or doubt, the party so doubting shall " refer to the bishop of the diocese, who shall take order fer theqaietingandappeas-ing thereof, so that such order shall not be contrary to anything contained in this book." The bishop was not therefore placed above, but was himself s-ibject to, the law. The Dean of Arches The Legislature plainly contemplated that doubts might arise. Mr. Stephens No doubt that wa3 the case ; but what he submitted was that they were, the doubts of those who loved to introduce novelties not doubts that could arise in the minds of those who honestly and conscientiously intended to be guided by the plain language of the act. It contemplated the possibility of clergymen setting up their opinions against the spirit of the act, and acting only in accordance with those opinions. In one word, the object of the act was to put down priest lule and priestcraft. The Dean of Arches You contend, then, that honestly entertained doubts are not contemplated, but the doubts of those who dishonestly wish to evade the spirit of the statute, and put forward those doubts for that purpose? Mr. Stephens said that such was his contention. The learned gentleman then referred to an order of Bishop Ridley, dated in the year 1550, in reference to the Lord's table. The order stated that some used the Lord's board as a table, some as an altar, reviving the old superstitious notions of the Popish mass ; he therefore enjoined the clergy to form an honest table, decently set in the choir or chancel, and to take down and abolish all other by-altars or tables. He (Mr. Stephens) submitted that if the statutes of the Book of Common Prayer were not now carried eut in their spirit, in every instance in which they were not the bishop had precisely the same power to order the observance of those statutes, and the abolition of all that was not in accordance with that observance, as Bishop Ridley had to make the order which he had quoted. To that order was appended an Order of Council giving, amongst other reasons for its being enforced, that Christ had instituted the sacrament of the body and blood not at an altar, but at a table ; that St. Paul spoke of coming not to an altar but to the Lord's table ; and that the primitive Church used a table and not an altar ; and then the order quotes the direction in the statute, in case of doubts arising, to refer the case to the bishop, who should take order for the appeasing of such doubts according to his discretion, with the limitation he had already directed attention to. The Dean of Arches Bishop Ridley must have thought that where there was a stone altar he had power to order that it should be taken away. Certainly, my lord Bagshawe, Trinity. Bryans, Christ's. Carlisle, Trinity. Milliken, Trinity Hall. Batty, Christ's. Bumaby, Emmanuel. Calcraft, Clare. Absolom, Trinity. Buxton, Trinity. De Zoete, Trinity. Grigson, Corpus. Hervey, S. , Trinity. Hollams, Trinity. Ayers, Trinity. Brown, K C, Trinity. Gale, Magdalen. Gillespie, St. John's. Gurdon-Rebow, Trinity Hancock, Trinity Hall. Howe, Christ's. James, Corpus ChristL Kennaway, Trinity. Led ward, Trinity. Neil, Corpus. Phelips, Christ's. Reece, St. John'?. Taylor, Magdalen. Second Class. Gardner, Trinity Hall. Staffurth, Sidney. Third Class. Kemble, Trinity. Panton, Pembroke. Simpson, Trinity. Swan, Pembroke. Williams, Peter's. Williams, Emmanuel. Fourth Class. Lister, Jesus. Miizt. Hoossein Khao, Christ's. Richardson, Magdalen. Rigden, Trinity, Toke, Corpus Christi. Turner, J., St. John's. Cpcher, Trinity. West by, Jesus. Yarker, Pembroke. SECOND M.B. EXAMINATION. EXAMINED AND APPROVED, H. Airy, M. A., Trinity, and King, B.A., Queen's. Examiners) E. J. H. Bond, G. M. Humphry, and Arthur Ransome. Tup Hti-it T.tot -.t T.r-r . Zciiu.no of Berlin has the following The bill for the ! T - " irom trie mast or a snip wnere increase of the prant to the Crown provides that, besides j he served as a young and able seaman. A three the rente of 2,573,098 thalers attributed to the civil list by ; week's trance ensued, during which time the unfor- me law oi January it, 1820, and that of oOO.OOO thalers tnnate lad was doomed to go through in lmagma-Bdded by tha kw of April 30, 18G9, there shall be paid to j tiPn a series Gf torments under the forms of various OO& fei6 JEkVLf ipsects upon which he had inflicted similar suffer- TO THE EDITOR OF THE MORNING POST. Sir. 1 rejoi'-e to see your attack on permanent clerks. They are the bane of every department. If any member of Parliament will be at the pains o ask for a return detailing the circumstance : tlative to the Royal Oak, recently arrived from ;Le Mediterranean, he may learn something valuable about the caprice of office and the vigour of the clerkly government under which we live Tiie Royal Oak, one of our most magnificent ;.rmour-plated ships, arrived bat the other day rom the Mediterranean. In old-fa&hioned times a first-rate was really so strained and worked (y four years' service that she required a compete refit ; but the case is very different now. M:er four years' service the Royal Oak returned iMu:n9 perfect in evtry tense. The vast frame was lugs, the accident is supposed to occur through his cruelty to a cockroach ; and first as a beetle so that he had to come in contact with the poor creature he bad maimed and then successively as a blue-bottle fly, snail, ant, and newt, due punishment i3 meted out to him for his former barbarities. Mr. Greenwood has probably taken the idea of such ima&inarv chanses from " The Regclating the Affaiks of a Palace. A J Transmigrations of Indur," in that old Paris letter in the Nord has the following : " General popular collection of tales for children, "The Koiin, adjutant-general at the palace of the Tuileries, and Evenings at Home." The moral, however, wSwhaiSnJfLfef marehA. ?f !of his story is more perceptible than that of its wnicn Jiarsbal aillant bears the title, has had a paraivtic J r r awacK and will probably be replaced. Th general has ' Our Feur-footed Friends. By Mary Howitt. London: rendered great services to the Emperor's household. He S. W. Partridge and Co. nati under his duection all the domestics of the imperial j Puniana ; or, Thoughts Wise and Otherwise. A new palaces, and held them in such excellent order that be was collection of the best Riddles. Conundiums, Jokes, Sells, leareo. oeyond ail espression. He had regulated in a most kc. Now newly told by the Hon. Hugh Rowley. With on vue Dran.jir-s nt that .-? uiv no- r v nr.) desurns irom nis pencil. i.onnon : jonn Camden Hotten. Original Poems. Illustrated. London and New York : Routledge and Sons. The Purgatory of Peter the Cruel. By James Greenwood. With 36 Illustrations, drawn on wood by Ernest Griset. London and New York : Routledge and Sons. The Bear King : A Narrative Confided to the Marines. By James Greenwood. With Illustrations by Ernest Griset. Lcndon ; Griffith and Farran. pyment of the following chateaux and domains situated in tue provinces newly incorporated : The chateau, park, &c,of Hombourg; the chateaux of Weisbaden, of Hanover in the Rua de la Leine, of Celle. of Glucksburg, and of Cassel in the Rue Frederic ; the edifice named Fursten-bof and part of the stables in the last-named city, and also the chateau of Wilhelmshohe in the neighbourhood. The fonr last are ceded with a reserve of any ruhts of third persona " J 1 perfect manner wi.K oc'"tuw' cmtre, kitchens, wood, washing, and ! 7h . " !?y hich presented a singular contrast with ' SfcJEW! ?hlcJ? exi8ted I"" hi. arrival. On this . ubject it i, related that the Emperor, struck with the ?raf "PB9e ?l h wrvice, comparatively modest, complained aloud, and that M. Rolin .aid that if it was I wuhed he coe d reduce ,ffairs to order. He was taken at h word, and Le fulfilled even more than he Lad under- The Institution of Civil Engineers. At the fourth ordinary general meeting, session 1367-68, held on Tuesday, the 3d inst. Mr. John Fowler, president, in the chair the first ballot for the session was taken, when 18 members and 23 associates were duly elected, including, as members : John Hallen Abbott, district engineer. Great Indian Peninsular Railway, Munmar, Bomhay Presidency ; Edmund Cooper, district engineer under the Metropolitan Board of Works ; George Gordon, resident engineer on the Madras Irrigation Company's works, Belleray, East Indies ; Francis Hawkes, resident engineer. Great Indian Peninsular Railway, Bombay; Samuel Waite Johnson, locomotive superintendent, Great Eastern Railway, Stratford ; David Logan, late chief engineer, Great Southern RaUway of India ; William Low, Wiexham ; John Stevenson Macintyre, resident engineer Great Eastern Railway, Metropolitan and Suburban Extensions ; John Mackinlay, chief engineer and inspector of machinery to her Majesty's dockyard, Bombay, and surveyor to the port of Bombay ; Walter M'Clelland, Bombay ; William Mene-laus, chief engineer and manager of the Dowlais Iron Works, Glamorganshire ; John Preston, district engineer Great Indian Peninsular Railway, Bombay ; Thomas David Roberts, resident engineer, Brecon and Merthvr Railway. statute of the Prayer-book was interpreted, and that it was I Brecon ; Anthony Sherwood, district engineer Great Indian regarded as the exclusive authority as to rites and " ex- Peninsular Railway, Sholapore, East Indies ; John Frede-ternal ceremonials.'' In theliturg'es of Edward VI. were ' rick Spencer, chief engineer to the North-Eastern Marine to be found a construction of the statute of the Prayer- Eogineerirg Company, Sunderland ; William Henry book of that reign, which statute was identical i Wheeler, engineer to the borough of Boston, and to the with that of the present Prayer-book the preface of the ! Boston harbour commissioners ; John Sheldon Wilkinson, TO THE EDITOR OF THE MORNING POST one havinS t611 adopted for the other, under the title Jiancnesier ; ana ueorze tiastwait Wngnt, district engi- c v , ,. , " , . . of 1 1 Ceremonies : Why some were Abolished and some lie- neer Great Indian Peninsular Railway, Jubbulpore, SIB,-You have received two letters on this subject, . tained," it was stated that, with respect to ceremonies East Indies; and as Associates: Frederick Edwards originating in .the Bishop of Salisbury's charge, on6 signed which had had their origin with men, some were vain and i Archer, Public Works Department, Calcutta ; Ben jamia "Christian Catholic," the other "English Churchman." ! superstitious, some had been introduced by those who were i Baker, Westminster; Lieutenant Gordon Bigsby, Will oif t t. vi i t .v zealous without possessing knowledge ; that they grew j R E., executive engineer, Department of Public Will jou admit a few lines from a humble member of the m fe more which blinded the people i Works, Bengal ; Herbert Bland Browning, aasLtant enS Church militant with regard to absolution ? I would ob- and obscured the Word ef God ; and that such ceremonies ; neer, Scinde Railway, Umballah ; Thomas Long Colley erve that that which fellows the Confession in our Liturgy j should be cut away and clean rejected. There were other Plymouth ; Charles Davie, assistant engineer Great In-does not, in my view, assume any pover in the priest who ceremonies which although devised by men should be re- j dian Peninsular Railway, Bombay ; Herbert Lis Augns- . , . .. . , ... , . wined, because they pertained to order and tended to edi- tus Davis, assistant engineer, Great Indian Peninsular reads to bestow it. Any layman might read the same to ficati08. It thus appeared that the framers of the statute Railway, Hooshnngabad, East Indies WuUhfm Henrr his household. He may tell them from the Wqid of God J of Edward's first Book of Common Prayer held that their ( Delano, Cheapaide ; Thomas Eastman, i esident engineer that all who truly repent and believe, God will freely par-, were but two ways of dealing with ceremonies one way, Santiago and Valparaiso Railway, Chili ; John Marshall don and absolve. To illustrate the great difference be- I to ath, SJSi JflL f fu bhnd e -' the con.ti action of works, , , . V, , 6 people and obscured the Word of God ; the other was to Jubbulpere Line, Last India Railway AiUkaht rhn. tween declaring the mercy of God to a penitent sinner and ,etain all that tended to order and edification. Those cere- Hyde Edwards, assistant engineer, ttreat Indian Peninsn the assumption of the power in man to bestow that mercy, monies, therefore, which were not retained were abolished. lar Railway, Bombay ; Captain Charles Wilson Faber I would beg any one to turn to " The Visitation of the ! Thfi P0 f ff-1 understand you to lay that down director, Great Northern Railway ; Charles Gandoo Sick "in our Prayer-book. He will there find the autho- j MrSiaMi 1 dii The ,mN,:a, v t and manager of the Gas Works, t ,, . . , k 4 . , Mr. atepnens said tbat ne did. The ceremonials that Smyrna ; John Howaid, Westminster ; Thomas Manson rrty fully assumed, and I much regret that it has been were retained, and the only ceremonial that were legal, Rymer Jones, assistant engineer Madras Railway ; Jmes allowed to remain there. Our Catechism teaches the truly were mentioned in the first boek of Edward VI. If the Livesey, Westminster- William Lake assistant engineer, Rom.n Pfttholir mWI rPMrdimr & an,l of ceremonies complained of m this suit could not be UDheld Delhi Railway Thom'a Edward O'Brien, assistant engi- o w " he a mfornnfto f r tVtaf Krtj-U fkn 1 i T, . -! .. -r i t-V - , - j in us l wj conaemnea. it neer, Ureat Indian Peninsular Kaiiway, ixaasica, ovwimv -, it wcic ubuo. wws u me reserved ceremonies were not fh Krfd fharl- Paitn. Wartminstar ; w uuam amau- the definition of what is Catholicity by the Roman Catholic Chui ch to the private opinions of his school-boy instructor, Dr. Wesley. Your obsdient servant, A. P. CanoBbury, Dec. 3. the Lord's Snpper. I much wish that were expunged also. I would here beg your Chustian Churchman " to explain only ceremonies which were legal, what would the clerev Deice Westminster William Tijoo, Great George-street ; what is the honest meaning of the words, " Verily and in- nave to ?J ,What "" whafc 8ide in matters of Henry ElUe Victor, district engineer. Great I Indian Penin- mistakes" (in mv yiewl Yv ' t . " e Would there mUr Railway, nreiogpwr, j .t7 . TT Z!5 mutdKes ym my view; not be room for th int.wdiw; -11 i -v . w.: i t -a. Im announced that the counciL remain m our Prayer-book, the Bishop of Salisbury is The ceremonials that were not retained were " clean cut off acting under the provisions of Section IV. of the by-laws, armed against his opponents. I beg to remain, your faith- and rejected." Language could not be plainer ; the letter had that day admitted stndents of the inatituiieu : fnl servant, A PROTESTANT. 33 " the 8Pirit of Act Pointed to that conclusion, Wiluam Be.rell, JaWz Church, jan. ; Edward Crouton, Mint oniy. now were the rejected ceremonials re- r re-eric . j-j jected ? By not being expressly retained. It is added, Tweedie, ani Antonio Augusto leira, deed taken," ka. While these Dec 4.
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