Friday Evening, May Iff, 1934 APPtETON POST-CRESCENT Page Nine Wealth Will Flow From Siberia Is Hope of Russians Kich Mineral Resources, Forests, Rivers Await Development fThis is the second of a series of m. Mori's '-it Siberia, ' where the Soviet Union now is spending- oil-lions to blo'k ambition of Japan to r-xpand westward. How Russia is duplicating America's "winnins of tUf. tv?M" in Hi Far l.Saat is told inf eretMujly by William Philip Simni!", in tfii series, the fourth writtoii by lnm on hln present world tour for the PoFt-Crescent and other SHA rjf wepapers ) .y ; ; : ..;... BY WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS " (C"puiittit, l'3i, NEA Service, Inc.) Khabarovsk, Siberia On the blizzard-swept morning of Feb. 17, 1897, a column of ragged and shivering men, women," and children, some in chains were shoved into line by their Cossack guard and given the order: "Forward, march!" Ahead, thousands of ice-covered miles away, beyond the Urals, lay Siberia and exile. Siberia! The very name struck terror to men's souls. Among the prisoners was one Vladimir Ilyich UJyanof, later known to history as Nicolai Lenin, sentenced to three years at hard labor. Today, 37 years after, another col- umn of men, women, and children is steadily pushing toward Siberia, J directed thitcher bythe dead hand of Lenin, whose body lies embalmed in its red-and-black marble tomb in the Red Square in Moscow. But they do not go in chains. They are going voluntarily because they hope for a brighter, future there, as workers and homesteaders. They are going in much the same spirit that led American pioneers to plunge into the wilds beyond the . Mississippi and on to the Far West Larger Than All Europe "Siberia," a Soviet official remarked, "was discdvereri as a territory, back in 1581, by a fellow named Ermak. But it remained for the Bolsheviks to discover it for what it really is. 350 years later." I asked him to explain. He led m over to a map. "That," he said, "is Siberia. It's bigger than all the countries of Europe combined. It's bigger than the United States. Yet, until . recently, almost nothing was known about it even by those who professed to rule it. "The maps they made of it were wrong. If you tried to go by them, you got lost. They showed rivers where no rivers existed and we have found rivers where none was marked down. "In czarist times, Siberia was just a prison camp. Or a vast region where a few grew rich by scratching the surface here and there. To the masses all it meant was dread, exile, prison, torture, gloomy forests frozen steppes, unutterable loneliness, death. "That is what the old regime made it. Great Rivers There "We are making it quite something else. We are making it a place to live. "In it are four of the world's greatest rivers the Ob, the Yenisei the Lena, and the Amur every one longer than the Mississippi unless you count in the Missouri. "Americans know the Volga pretty well, thanks to the song. They also know of the Amur, because of the war-scare along its valley. But how many, even educated,, Ameri cans can tell, off-hand, where the Ob is, where it rises, and into what it flows? Nevertheless, the riches along its course will some day make history. American women, or. course, know the loveliest furs come from Siberia sable, beaver, ermine, blue and gray polar fox, tufted-eared lynx, marten and the rest. , Rich In Minerals "But only a few people have the faintest conception of its incalculable wealth in coal, iron, copper. lead, precious stones, gold, silver, and other minerals. Or that the end less steppes are not perpetually fro zen bad-lands, but are really fertile plains, waiting to bring forth bumper crops of almost every de scription. "In the area around Minusinsk the very same Minusinsk- to which Lenin was exiled are approximate ly 500 billion tons of coal and many millions more of iron. Siberia has almost as much coal, and of the very best quality of anthracite, or coking coal, as England, Germany, and France put together. Much of iws on the surface. Hardly any of it is deeper than 600 feet. "Now look: Here is the Ural Mountains, separating European Russia from Siberia. This is Mount Magnitnaya. Iron Found By Warrior "About 150 years or so ago a fellow named Ivanovich Pugachev roamed this region. Behind him rode several thousand rebellious peasants, Cossacks, Kirghiz, and deserters from the army of Catherine the Great. - "Deciding to march on Moscow, he first commanded his men to halt at this mountain, and dig. Melting down the "dirt," as they called it, they made a lot of spears and poured cannon balls from the ore. "Pugachev took a beating and Catherine had him brought to Moscow in a wooden cage. She cut off his head in Red Square. But he had . started something which will be the making of Siberia and of Russia. "Recent assays reveal that there are at least 275.000,000 tons of high grade iron in Mount Magnitnaya and that in the adjoining Urals are upward of two billions more. "So we have the coal and we have the iron to make Siberia an industrial empire as great as the United States. "Along with this is unlimited agricultural acreage enough to support 200,000,000 population' and more. Pioneers Flock In "No other area has so much timber. None has so much water power. Soon, as lives of nations go, Siberia will be invincible all by herself, industrially,'" agriculturally, and militarily. Pioneers are pouring in and settling. Blastfurnaces are belching WHOeFIRSTp IN AMERICA f By Joseph Nathan Kane Author of "Famous First Facts" Who was the first president to own a telephone? When, was taps first blown? Where was the first vineyard planted? Answers in next issue. PlRST AMERICAN INJURED IN WORLD WAR NOV. 15,1914. PWICWT B. HUSS WINNER OC FIRST TRANSCONTINENTAL AUTO RACE- BOSTON OPENED FIRST HIGH SCHOOL" MAY, IS20 ,a Answers to Previous Questions. A CORPORAL BOULIGNY. an American , enlisted . in" the French army, was the first American casualty when he was eliot through the knee at Crao-nelle cemetery while attacking a German outpost. Huss left New York in a curved dash Oldsmo. bile. May 8, 1905, and arrived at Portland, Ore., on June 21. First known as the English Classical School, the first high school became the English High School in 1824. Scouts Registering For Gardner Dam Camp With one period completely filled and two others almost filled, registrations for periods of the annual Valley council summer camp at Gardner Dam are rapidly being received, according to Walter G. Dixon, council executive. The period July 29 to Aug. 5, which will be known as mystery week, has been completely filled, according to Mr. Dixon. Rodeo week is almost filled arid there are about 50 per cent of the necessary registrations for the first week, beginning July 9. smoke and flame. Waterpower is being developed at a phenomenal rate. Railways and highways are snaking out into the wilds; What the future holds in ..store for this colossal experiment only the future can tell. Siberia may not be the Eldorado which" Soviet enthusiasts now seem to believe it is, but I found it tb be at least a land of hope. NEXT: Siberia's Jewish Daniel Boones. a jT til f r i is -v JT a 3 U B - w p mmmy own v ,-' if rn fi-. ii.ts w nun 1 1 m m. imahi limii. m i i rr iF i nmmu. ,. iii n ll.lii i trurnimm nm lm- ,, , .t'i wnmm- . I don't know how to say it in the right words . what my beauty specialist told me about Palmoliye beihg a safer, scientific soap. But I got the idea . . its marvelous for keeping a girl's complexion lovely. You'll think so toot I m so glad I gave Palmolive a reql chance! Night and morning, for a whole month, I massaged its creamy, velvety lather into my skin . . . Rinsed with warm water .then enld. - V, See what this treatment will do for your skin! I ..... :V a . . Wirephoto System Will Speed APNews Pictures New York ( Perfection of the wirephoto system to be used by the Associated Press in transmitting photographs is "based on 200-year-old principles. So closely linked is telephotography with telegraphy and telephony that the advancement of one has advanced the other, say scientists of the Bell Telephone laboratory who have labored years in bringing wirephoto to its present stage of development. Grey in 1727 and Dufay in 1733 made perhaps the earliest attempts to send electricity over distance, and Charles Morrison in 1753 is credited with describing a telegraph system. The idea of a telegraph line and a code occurred in 1787 to Lomond, a Frenchman; but it was not until 50 years later that Morse utilized the Sturgeon electro-magnet to transmit his Morse code in America. Pictures Then Were Blurred All those steps, and many more, were necessary in the development of today's wirephoto machines, scientists say. Chemical, mechanical and electrical devices were used in sending pictures by wire and wireless in the nineteenth century. The commercial history of electrophotography is said to have started with the use of Professor Arthur Korn's selenium machine in Europe in about 1907. Pictures, somewhat blurred, were transmitted from one foreign capital to another and published by newspapers. Attempts were made to eliminate interference or static in wires and wireless through use of purely mechanical methods of transmission. An elaborate code of words was developed to designate a particular degree of shade in a photograph to guide an artist at the receiving end in reconstructing the picture. Typewriters were made with dots instead of letters, "the dots varying in size and shape. Pictures were typed in hundreds of dots on thesame theory used in photoengraving today. Claim No "Invention" But 1925 marked transmission of the first really technically perfect picture by wire in America, and that particular principle has been developed into the present wirephoto maaskine. Although it was brought to perfection by Bell Telephone laboratory scientists, they claim no credit for its "invention," regarding their machine as the result of a slow development. The wirephoto machines to be used by member newspapers of The Associated Press are being manufactured by Western Electric company and will be put into service over lines of the American Telephone and Telegraph company. Sending and receiving machines are so small they could be placed on an ordinary business desk, and a nationwide network of wires connects all sending and receiving points. Light Beam Used A photograph is inserted in the sending machine, and sensitized film is inserted in the receiving machines in the distant cities. A beam o flight 1-10,000, of a square inch in the sending machine is focused onto the photograph and from there is reflected back into a pho PAD I TV . : X cJi acamcs so.deeplu -fjuzns camiylzz&cxiiy so Ho r -.. -, I -..; , - .:- toelectric cell which translates light into electricity. Since the photograph on a cylinder is revolving 100 times a minute and slowly moving left to right, the light beam strikes different segments of the photograph in succession. The succeeding reflections into the photoelectric cell vary with the light or shade of the photo, and consequently the electricity sent on to the receiving station varies. This electrical energy operates a light valve which allows more or less light, depending on the light and shade of the original photograph, to strike the film which is revolving 100 times a minute on the receiver, exactly the' same speed as the sending machine. Like Gramaphone Record As the photograph "unwinds," the film "winds up," until the entire film is exposed in tiny strips through this scanning method. The lines on the received picture much like the grooves on the old cylindrical gramaphone records are so close-together and so perfectly matched that they cannot be seen with the naked eye as was the case with the old telephoto experimental pictures. In today's wirephoto . machine, speed and clarity in transmission are paramount features. A photo 11 by 17 inches can be sent in 17 minutes, a more rapid pace than formerly, and whereas the older machines were checked for accuracy in synchronization to one in 500, the wirephoto machines are accurate to one in 500,000. See Senate 0. K. On Indian Bills One Amends Law Concerning Timber Operations Oh Reservation BY RUBY A. BLACK Post-Crescent Washington Corre-" spondent Washington The Senate is expected to pass the two Menominee Indian bills passed by the House of Representatives Monday. Both bills are on the Senate calendar, introduced and reported by Sen. Robert M. La Follette Jr. in identical form with the House bills, introduced by Rep. Gerald J. Boileau of, Wausau. One of these bills amends the laws concerning the timber operations on the reservation. It provides that, insofar as possible, only enrolled Menominees shall be employed in the extensive timber-cutting and saw mill operations; that the Secretary of the Interior shall determine the fair stumpage value of the matured and ripened green timber cut and shall pay this amount in equal shares to the enrolled Menominees,, providing this amount shall riot exceed the actual amount earned during the year; and that the budget of expenditures for the timber operations shall be submitted to the tribal council for its advance review and approval. The other provides for the proper enrollment of the members of the vmnA AR1ED C-OEKES - OPILDE It's just nice to think about asoap made only from pure cegetableoih 1 1 know that Palmolive is made from a scientific blend of gentle, soothing olive and palm oils. And to my way of thinking, that's a real beauty formula. a 1 v-af4t ;:: .-:; velt! End Hearings on Milk, Cream Bill Further Endorsement Given Proposal by Washington Lawyer (Poat-Creacent Washington Buireaa) Washington Hearings on the Henney bill for regulation of the importation of milk and cream and its products including butter and cheese were brought to a close before the House Committee on Agriculture Tuesday with further endorsement given the proposal by Homer . Sullivan, Attorney of this city. The subcommittee before which the hearings were held plans to go into executive session shortly on the legislation with a view to mak- tribe, to determine through legal means who are entitled to the benefits of the tribe. - : - Previously, the revenue from the timber operations went into a fund in the Treasury for the Menominees, and per capita payments were made from it to the Indians by special acts of Congress. Mother Guards tho Family's Health When you see a father working happily to support his family, and making a good job of it when you see healthy ruddy cheeked children enjoying- their play you can be sure there is a mother in that home who knows how to feed her family. Whatever else she gives them, they probably ge&t least one meal a day of Shredded Wheat, milk and fruit! Shredded Wheat is whole wheat nothing added nothing taken (M Au.r..?.vjs v.v.v.v.v jj jl js .5 iu i iu is iyj tjsasiL i i .A in I cVAu s-3 mmm it y-- 1 -' ' 4 ff - i--, -'V v: QUAtmr wm"- fBx ' -CvSn Gtedb diven O JVD wl uv igKl rlO St6-75 volw foa a ksnaotM mofcer, lortowry A W I ' fcrtobl.. ottoocWv eWd and wik oll-q. . .' t . iy . lmahm' T-cccrGcbfo coil springs 95 inted boigow wjiv.v.r. C-.T.-.V.V.-.Y. J OH cod aMaoiw 8oal pkstn HclcMg. Tim J J - m owoJiiy fa a low pneat pxS - : 123 S. Appleton St. . . WiiM . . ) Phone 266 Appleton . MM pvX , ..-...-xrw.riw.w. vXv -.r.v.r.- ..v.;.v.v y- ing a favorable report to the full committee. Although support was given the measure by numerous witnesses during their appearances before the subcommitte, prospects for ' passage of the bill this session are not considered bright. In the first place, , it is said, the proposal does not have the approval of Secretary of Agriculture Wallace and in the second place it would run counter to the tariff plans of the Administration which is to remove restrictions on imports into the United States with a view to stimulating purchases of American products abroad. The aim of the bill introduced by Representative Charles W. Henney of Portage is to improve the mar ket for American cheese by restricting imports from abroad unless they meet with certain rigid sanitary restrictions imposed by the Secretary of Agriculture. Under terms of the measure importers would be required to secure a permit from the Secretary in order to import cheese. Penalty provisions of the Act call for fines of from $50 to $2,000 and imprisonment for not more than one year or both. - Mr. Sullivan argued before the subcommittee ' that the legislation should be enacted as a protective measure for the health of the American public. He pointed out away in most digestible form. It contains the carbohydrates you need for energy; the proteins you need for tissue building; the mineral salts you need for bone structure; the vitamins that help you resist disease ; and bran to keep you regular. Nature might have made a better food than wheat but the didn't! Eat plenty of Shredded Wheat it's good for you will pay you big dividends in health and happiness I NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY ' i i rn GoodUoolcmo. datobiy eoweJ, pnckol Pem fleece cotnfoitobie twin beds oc large bed by and on attractive cowdi by day. QwoWy com. Shjougnowt. '..... CLmI. rn& vmimns buUt bv SwMBwm and gtfor- (of long We ond matttmm contort. A me at eer pnc. msM m&mam with 100 coe fi1l9. that cheese manufacturers of the United States are under rigid sanitary regulations and foreign products therefore should be subjected to the same restrictions. MAY WOfcK EIGHT HOURS Workers on the work relief project may be permitted to work eight instead of six hours a day if they must be transported for. more than six miles, the public relief commissioner was informed today. ABOUT LOW FARES Jj)ok at these I from APPLETON am mmf round trip In coach u. Go V C I II "iday, Saturday or Sunday f Jt I. M l J 10-day return limit (f? TtTt round trip In coaches. Go say wm wl.1 day 15 -Jay return limit. VUlWU Zgtcth Hsj 23rd $7 'round trip first class. Go tar 30-day return limit Ectht Msy 23rd n fi di n tn L L PI : TALK XlnjJ j i ' J I 30-Uy return limit ! SSeesIng and Parlor Car ratts rtductd ene-ftM Up goes the curtain on the biggest show in all history. A thousand new thrills. A bigger and brighter Midway. Eren foreign countries have "moved in exact reproductions of German, Irish,English,Swiss,Russian,Spanish,Tunisian Villages. More funmore gaiety more color. Go "North Western" lot comforteconomy. Ask about low cost, all-exnense tours, includ ing round trip rail fare, hotel accommodations, World's Fair admission tickets, sightseeing trips, etc. R. Thomson. Passenger Traffic Manastr Chicago North Western Ry. 400 W. Madison Sc. Chicago 111. For full Informa-tlon see any C. & N. W. Ry. Ticket Agent or mail coupon Fone 505 .W W i ONVEHIEN7 TERMS Administrative, technical or supervisory workers may not work more than eight hours per day. nODEHi: WOLIEM Natd Not Sflfftf monthly pain and delay due to colda.nervdusstrain, exposure or similar cause. Chj-chea-tera Di atnond Brand Pil l are effective, reliable and give Quick Keller, bold ry all druggists lor over 4 o years. Aik lor fc u I iilA i IrOTii iTTI il TNI PIAMONO BRANS?, r i If: i fYVl MA Jr. day 1 rj1 . . . ,L V 111, f ill! I ..... . . ... i 5SI Pleas tend me, without cost or obligation Illustrated booklet. "A Century of Progress Expos It ion." Your folder, "How and Where at Chicago and the Fair." Also send complete information about tow cost, til-expense tours, including hotel accommodations, World's Fair admission tickets, sightseeing trips, etc Name..........................'........;............ Address Town...... State I I I I .v.v.v...'.,..'.-....'.'J'..' Jr. ;.; v.v . ;.y v.;. ;.;v;.v .mm ' t'f y - .UV.-V.V.V.T . X-Xvt-Xvi XXvXv? 3 f tt J & ' - X-XXX-Xr rl'ii y. .J-if , t.-.r.-.v.v.-.v. e V . i f-.v.v.v.;..; ?' MATCSI V 1C0 KIW j MATInlAL"
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