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The Winnipeg Tribune from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada • Page 1

Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
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The Weather Forecast Cooler, snow. Temperature at 7 am. 1H. and at noon 21. Maximum ThurniUy 8.

minimum 18. Sun above horlion I noun 6 mlna, Sun rise 8 51 a.m.; seta, 4 .17 p.m. Moon rlsea 4.45 p.m.; eta, a.m. HOME EDITION 48th Year WINNIPEG, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1937 32 PAGES By c.m.r wmmpeg zsc Per w.eK. No.

301 Price 8 centt; With Comics, 10 cent. Hepburn Won't Flout Ottawa On Power Sale Denies He Will Export to U.S. Without Federal Permission King Answers Duplessis' Fire By Statement No Dictatorship Policies Will Prevail. LATEST major moves in the Quebec Ontario verses Ottawa dispute today were: Premier Hepburn flatly denied that his province would export hydro electric power to the United States without permission from the Dominion government. Prime Minister King answered Premier Duplessis threat that "If Ottawa wants a fight it can have it," by stating that any dispute that might arise over the export of power would be settled in accordance with British custom and not by "following the practices of dictatorships." In I oti tr ftnfartfi urnulrl would ex port power wl.hout a permission, Premier Hepburn was replying to report in The Globe and Mall of Toronto that the Ontario Hydro Electric commission would go head and export power to the U.S.

without Ottawa's O.K. Premier Duplessis of Quebec today said that In his Wednesday night speech at Shawlnigan Falls he did not mean to Infer that the Maritime were In the "economic bloc" of eastern provinces. TORONTO, Dec. 17 Premier Hepburn today dictated a formal statement denying a report published In the Toronto Globe and Mail that' the Ontario Hydro Electric Power commission might export power to United States without obtaining federal permission. "Malicious Falsehood" "The headline, that Ontario will export power and argue about it later is a deliberate and malicious falsehood.

Dr. Thomas Hogg, Hydro chairman, says no arrangements have been made, and you Continued on Pag 8, No. 1 Children Who Lost Parents Within Ten Days Will Have Visit From Tribune Santa CONTRIBUTIONS TO FUND Previously acknowledged contributed. today $6,163.21 751.94 Subscribed to date $6,915.15 Objective 12,000.00 Still required 5,084.85 Dally average needed, six days 847.48 TONIGHT'S FUND EVENTS: Veterans' Carnival Dance at Auditorium, Buster Brown and His Winter Club Orchestra; Canadian Reunion Concert at Royal Alexandra Hotel. EFT orphans within a ten day period, Ave children, the eldest a girl oi LEFT Of 16, dreary Christmas.

The father had a small pension which died with him. An Empty Stocking fund Investigator has eased the sharp edge of necessity, has called the attention of the authorities to their need, will send toyi and, in this exceptional case, a Christmas tree, for the children. Who wants to send a hamper of food and some clothing JaT'lhese orphaned young folks? Just quote Case 103 and offer your help. Here's another Father, 79 years of age; mother, 70; daughter, 33, hopeless Invalid In wheel chair. No old age pension; cannot establish residence qualification.

There will be little "Joy to the world" In that home on Christmas morning unless some volunteer Santa Clause comes to their aid. Quote Case 104. A nrother writes from a sick bed In the General hospital: "I don't believe I'll be home for Christmas. My little ones have all written to me and said they wrote to Santa Claus. I'd feel much better If I could know Santa hadn't forgotten them." There are three boys, 14.

12 and 6 years, "small for their ages," and two girls, 10 and 8 years. Only persons with car should volunteer to take this case 30 miles out In country. Quote Case 105. They need everything. These are just three cases from Santa's mailbag.

There are others many of them. The Tribune fund believes that there are In Winni peg dozens, perhaps hundreds, of more fortunate families who would like to provide a food hamper and clothing, getting the toyj for the children from The Tribune fund and making one delivery for all. With only six giving days ahead, The Tribune Empty Stocking fund Is $5,084.85 short of its objective. Santa knows his friends will give him what he asks. Just make that donation today to The Tribune Empty Stocking fund, care of The Tribune, Winnipeg, or the money will be gratefully accepted over The Tribune counters.

Today's subscriptions are listed on an inside page. By Wlnlui and Laaaed Wlr to Tribunal LONDON, Dec. 17. The wording of the announcement which appears in Debrett's Peerage concerning the ranking of the Duchess of Windsor as third amoTltr the duchesses, where Burke's Peerage places her 29th, is: "Enquiry, in official circles reveals contrary to what has been stated, the, Duchess of Windsor derives her precedence in the normal way from her husband and ranks, therefore, next below the Duchess of Kent." This clearly indicates that sound Ings were made In official quarters either at Buckingham Palace or the lord chamberlain' department before so serious a publication as Debrett would have assumed the responsibility of publication. From Official Quarters Debrett obtain Its Information from official quarters and circularizes the heads of titled families as well.

It checks up most carefully on Information relating to such families before publication. In fact, a large, skilled and experienced staff spends the entire year before publication of the great red book In mid December in sifting, cross checking and collating facts which, generatly speaking, are accepted throughout the British Empire as accurate. This applies to both Burke and Debrett, whose status is shout equal. The palace has no influence on the publication of eitheT book and would not reek tov have. Both books are built up almost like mathematical handbooks and follow laws which neither the Royal Family nor any other Influential body eould possibly alter to suit individual predilections.

System of Precedents Precedent are observed In exactly the same way as in the English courts of justice, which DUCHESS OF Debrett's Peerage puts her next to Kent's wife, not 29th as in Burke's Peerage, I have produced an enormous body of case law to govern English Jurisprudence side by side with the ancient common law of the land. A similar system of precedents controls the building up of the genealogies set forth In Debrett's and Burke's Peerages. The College of Arms, which Is reported as having "refused to re N1 Their "Adam and Eve" Rankles MAE WEST plains the situation thus: The script was inoffensive. The trouble was caused by the sexy implications Miss West read into the lines. Miss West, say the broadcasters, never completely rehearsed the Adam and Eve skit and the love scene with Charlie.

She did not appear at a preliminary rehearsal called for last Friday. The script, as It stood then, had been rejected by NBC officials In Hollywood. It was taken to Miss West's apartment for revision. There was much wrangling between the actress and the broadcasters, but the latter won, or thought they won. i Miss West rehearsed on Saturday and, according to read THE radio story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, as presented by Mae West and Don Ameche was definitely in bad taste, agreed a number of Winnipeg radio listeners.

"With Mae West and the Garden of Eden in the script there was no doubt as to what the lines were meant to convey. Most of the Inferences weren't even subtle," said one listener. At the outset Mae announced she was bored with life in the Garden: "I need air. I wanna expand my personality." Perhaps seemed safe enough in the script but coming from Miss West meant something else again. One listener referred to the lines where Adam reminded Eve she was one of his ribs.

"Mebbe so Big Duchess Of Windsor Ranks 3rd Among Royal Duchesses cord any precedence for the Duchess of Windsor," has no right to record any special precedents for any special individual. Such precedences follow cast iron rules and there is a table of precedents in certain English year books, such as Whitaker's Almanac, wherein the details of such precedents are Incontrovertibly set forth. The college heralds would have no right to say where the Duchess of Windsor is placed In table precedence. Only the King, as the fountain of honor, can fix her place on the social staircase and His Majesty has up to now remained silent on this subject. Indication For Future It was clearly Indicated, when the order in council was published just before the wedding of the Windsors, withholding the title of H.R.H.

from the new duchess, that she would not be admitted to the Royal Family on the same plane as her husband. Debrett's announcement, quoted above, may be some indication of future Royal plaas, but nothing further can be said on that subject until some official statement is made. If the Duchess of Windsor should com? to England and. In her rank as the wife of the I uke, apply for a summons to appear at the court, some new precedent would have to be set up. As this writer, who is not entirely inexperienced in such matters, sees the situation, the lord chamberlain would have to take the King's command as to where the Duchess of Windsor should be placed.

Until such a command Is formulated, all speculation thereon is premature. ICopyrlght. 1937. by thi North American Newspaper Alliance, Inc.) DON AMECHu was innocent fun in the script, and innocuous enough for N.B.C. officials in Snal rehearsals, but the actual broadcast of "Adam and Eve," as done last Sunday by Miss West (particularly) and Don Ameche, Sunday, drew shouts of protest from all over the continent.

Mae As Eve Rouses Flood Of Protests Script, Rehearsals Harmless, But Actress "Pepped Up" Inflections On Air, and Sponsors Promise "Never Again" ttpaclal ta TH Winnipeg Tribunal EW YORK, Dec. 17. Ever since the Mae West Charlie McCarthy frolic Sunday night. N.B.C. has been flooded with protests.

Headquarters in the R.C.A. building here were bombarded with telegrams, mail, phone calls. Each day the volume of kicks from all over the country increased. Women's clubs passed angry resolutions, sent copies to N.B.C. Tho VtrtrtnHrnstfnfT rftmnnnv rir company ex the lines flatly and Innocuously, giving no inkling of how she meant to pep them up later.

The Sunday rehearsal, too, was a routine affair. But on the air. Miss West read her lines In her well known "C'm up and ee me sometime manner. Once the program was under way, there was a hurried conference of NBC offi cials but they decided that cutting the show off would raise an even bigger row than letting it run. As the protests piled in, the ad vertising company responsible for the broadcast admitted it was a mistake, and assured the public that "the same mistake will not happen again." Bad Say Listeners Here' Boy, but I'm a floating rib.

I want a man with ideas," replied Mae "If that' what we can expect to come "into our homes even on a Sunday I'm going to throw out my radio," the local listener declared. Miss West got into her stride when she met up with the Ser pent, She first aroused his atten tion, by drawling, "Hi ya, long, limp and lazy." When the snake protested he couldn't get the fatal apple because of the picket fence, Mae admonished, "Swivel your hips, big boy." Others objected to the manner In which Mae referred to the expulsion from Paradise. Adam warned her one sin would mean their hurried departure. Replied Eve, "I'm tired of fig leaves and fish. If I can break our lease I'm all for It." There were more objections because of the BDDle eatlnz scene.

mici mac iuujv ner 111 SL U11C VI the forbidden fruit she announced she felt like doing the first Big Apple dance. Later, to get Adam out of the Garden and to have the lease completely broken, she decided to feed him the first apple sauce. As Adam and Eve tasted the sauce together the skit ended with a loud clap of thunder. Adam, the first hen pecked husband, In a timid voice asked what it was. "Don't worry, son, this Is only the beginning.

That was the first kiss." One Winnipeg radio fan said: "The sketch Just might have been acceptably funny had they used anyone but Mae West as Eve. She was Jailed for a stage play and her movies are almost cut In half by censors. They can't change her voice so they'll have to keep her off the air." BRUTALITY CHARGE AGAINST POLICEMAN DISMISSED BY BOARD The complaint of James W. Palmer, west end youth, that he had been beaten up by two cruiser car policemen who arrested him for turning in false fire alarms, was dismissed by the board of police commissioners Thursday afternoon The meeting heard seven witnesses, including four policemen and Palmer. The young man was convicted by Magistrate R.

Craham Nov. 25 and fined $20. Routine police matters were discussed. The commission will sit again next Thursday for the last time this year. FRENCH SHIP REPORTS ATTACK BY SPANIARDS TANGIER, Morocco, Dec.

17 An SOS reporting she had been attacked by Spanish warships one mile southeast of Europa Point was picked up here today from the French steamship Sydney. CITY'S NEED FOR AID DESPERATE, HOUSE INFORMED All. M.LA.'s Gather To Hear Facts of Relief Financing Crisis PROBLEMS OUTLINED BY ALD. HONEYMAN Doubts Increased Taxes Would Bring In Any More Revenue CITY of Winnipeg representatives put their relief emergency case before a committee of all members of the legislature today and made plain that without financial help they could not carry the burden after the end of the year. Their one proposal, made by Aid.

E. D. Honeyman, chairman of the finance committee, was that the province continue to borrow money from the Dominion and pass over to the city whatever was needed for relief purposes. "The Dominion government," he said, "is willing to carry the load by advancing the money necessary, and that is the only way out of the difficulty now." Alderman Honeyman told the committee that as recently as Thursday the Bank of Montreal had notified the city that after January 1 it could not advance any more money at all for unemployment relief. "We are now going behind at the rate of $1,500,000 a year and at the end of thi month we will not have a dollar for relief," he said.

In the course of the discussion Continued on Page 8, No. 2 TRANS CANADA AIRLINES MAY START EARLIER Johnson Is Pleased With State of Preparations In the West Though he would venture no prophecy as to an actual starting date for Trans Canada Airlines' prairie airmail, Philip G. Johnson, vice president in charge of operations for TCA, told The Tribune today the western circuit might be started sooner than was originally expected. "We have planned our program to start the western service sometime in 1938," Mr. Johnson explained.

"The starting date depends on too many factors how soon our pilots complete their training period and how soon our equipment is ready to make pre diction yet. But there Is a good possibility that we will be able to start sooner than we expected." In town on a brief inspection trip, Mr. Johnson conferred here with D. B. Colyer, his technical advisor, Thursday and today, and I will leave tonight for Reglna, re turning east to Montreal over the weekend.

So far, Mr. Johnson has been well satisfied with the Canadian personnel employed with Trans Canada. Of the number hired since Trans Canada first started preparations, only two pilots have had to be released because they were not equipped for their Jobs, he pointed out. The remainder are more than living up to expectations. Unfair Criticism On the question of personnel, Mr.

Johnson feels that he and his staff have been subjected to some very unfair criticism. It has been erroneously reported, he said, that TCA is employing American personnel In preference to Canadian men. Actually, there are only six United States' experts employed with TCA, including himself and Mr. Colyer. None of these have permanent contracts.

All expect to return to the United States when they have found and trained Canadian men to replace them. That may take six months or two years. In the selection of pilots and copilots, TCA's policy has been to employ Canadian born pilots In preference to British born fliers, even when the latter have had mor experience. Two men who were brought up from the United States may be permanently employed with TCA, but both were born and brought up in Canada. ONLY 1 17 MY before ym Jap Threat To Hong Kong Stiffens London Stand; Britain May Send Fleet Naval Force In China Seas Expected to Be Strengthened Early In January Outrages Regarded As Deliberate British Opinion Restless Over Past Timidity IBy The Aaaoclatad Praia LONDON, Dec.

17. A high diplomatic source predicted today that Great Britain would reinforce her China Beet "early in January" with or without parallel action by the United States. A definite decision to this effect was expected from the cabinet meeting next Wednesday. Prime Minister Chamberlain and Foreign Secretary Eden were represented as eonvinced that reinforcements were necessary in the Far East to protect British interests. By SIR ARTHUR WILLERT (By Wiralaaa and LtaMd Wlr to Tribune LONDON, Dec.

17. The British note to Japan must be taken more seriously than the other "firm and stern" but ineffective communications which Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden has sent to dictatorial law breakers in recent months. The warning it contains may have results the Japanese persist their attacks on the British flag and British rights. The rumors that British naval forces in the Far East may be strengthened are not, for instance, entirely devoid of foundation. MANKIfi "t6 I.

I NOT satisfied with the capture of Nanking, Shanghai and the North China provinces, Japanese militarists were believed aiming today at a new conquest in South China, directed at the taking of Canton, teeming mainland city, and the Island of Hong Kong, British Crown colony. This map shows how the Nipponese drive has spread down from. Manchoukuo, through the northern provinces, past Shanghai and Nanking and indicates the new zone of likely operations. The Japanese have established naval and seaplane bases on islands and archipelagos near Canton and Hong Kong. Both Britain and the U.S.

are vitally interested in any southern ambi tion of the Japanese. Britain has an important base at Singapore and Hong Kong has been the clearing house for much of her trade with China. Tha U.S. must watch over the Philippines. Reports from Tokyo today also told of Russian army and navy preparedness around Vladivostok In Siberia.

various factor contribute to the stiffening ol London' diplomatic backbone. Public opinion 1 Increasingly restles at the Labor and Liberal opposition call the unsuccessful timidity of British policy In both Europe and the Far East Government supporter In Parliament are beglnrdng to asked by their constituent how long dictatorship and Japan are going to be allowed to flout British, right and outrage British dignity whenever they, feel Ilk doing so. Dominated By Fer The impression grow that, for the first time In history, British diplomacy ha been dominated lately by fear and that this is a dangerous and humiliating tate of affair. The fact that French diplomacy I continually being bluffed by dictator In Europe and that British and American diplomacy is continually being bluffed by the associate of these dictator in Asia is more and more widely resented. At the time, the anxiety regarding Japanese designs in China has been aggravated.

Th they are studied, the less are recent Incident regarded a a result of accidental Irresponsibility of people on the spot. These incidents are believed to be a result of or, anyhow, pointers from Tokyo, where militarists are In the saddle. Japan's Two Object The militarists are believed to have had two objects in view. They wanted first to test out the patience and strength of the United States and Britain and, secondly, to discourage the by demonstrating that the Japanese can treat western nation a they1 like and that Ihe Cnuiese Tie4d hot, therefore, hope for assistance from the outside and had better come to term with their The outrages, ia fact, are widely regarded her as a calculated preliminary to the opening of the second stage of the Japanese attack on China. The first stag is now successfully concluded.

Nanking is captured and General Chiang Kai Shek chased inland. Northern China is largely subjugated and th international settlement of Shanghai ha been turned into an Impotent island of disgruntled and frightened foreign business men surrounded by a sea of Oriental chaos. The second stage of the Japanese campaign 1 expected to be the consolidation of gains In the north and a new offensive In the south. The main bject of that offensive, if militarist have their way, will be to treat Canton and Hong Kong as Nanking and Shanghai have been treated and to occupy strategic point all along the Chinese coast that foreign trade may be frozen out a much as possible and Chiang Kai Shek's upplle from th outside would be stopped. Much Safer Plan The military experts point out that thi would be a much safer plan of action than to end large armies after Chiang Kai Shek into the interior and Continued on Page 8, No.

3 Defense Of Nanking Turns Into Rout Of Panic, Death (Editor's note: C. Vataa McDanlel, Aatoclated Prtaa earraapondant, ataytd In Nanking throughout Ita alalia and conqueet by th Japaneaa forcaa. Bacauaa of dlaruptad communication! ha wai unabla to transmit hia atory until today. Hla account waa ralaycd by wlralaaa from tha Japanaao daatroyar, Tauga.) vBy C. YATES MeDANIEL BOARD THE DESTROYER TSUGA, Dec.

17. The morale of Chi A nese armies defending Nanking broke suddenly Sunday afternoon. What had been planned as a slow, ordered retreat turned into a wild rout. Nanking had a night of terror. Thousands of Chinese soldiers fought to escape from the city by a single gate.

And on Monday the Rising Sun flag of Japan was raised over the city's walls. Retreating troops were enterMg Nanking In apparently good order i and good spirits. Suddenly, Sunday afternoon, a brigade which been hammered throughout the day broke from Its position and dashed into the ity. Mad Infection The soldiers scattered crowds of civilians before them, shouting: "The Japanese are within the city. We are surroundtd." The first rout was stopped by military police who opened fire on Its leaders, killing six of them and turning back the rest.

But the mad infection raced through the city. By dark, Nanking's main street i were filled with troops from all positions outside the walls. First I they walked. Then they broke into a wild run. As the pace quickened, a I stricken Chinese soldiers shed their rifles, helmets and uniforms.

Panic and Death The wounded who were able to walk wandered helplessly through the streets. Many soldiers were shot by their comrades in the stam I C. YATES MeDANIEL. heard wild cries. pede to the river gate or.

the west the doorway to escape! Near the war ministry a truck stalled. Within a few minutes the roadway was jammed with men. pack mules, new French 75 miIll metre guns, anti aircraft guns and baby tanks. Someone tried to break the jam by setting fire to a gasoline truck. Soon the flames reached ammunition wagons.

Shells exploded. Animals and humans near the jam were killed, burned or mangled. Shot By Comrades The river gate sandbag barricade turned put to be a death trap for many. Some were shot down by cursing comrades. The fallen were trampled Into a shapeless pulp.

Before the gate's superstructure was burned by guards attempting to turn the tide, thousands reached the Yangtze and crossed to Pukow In junk, sampans and launches. Many were drown ed In the crossing. I was unable to force my way through the howling mass, so I took a roundabout route to my home, which overlooks the river gate and the city wall. "Benevolent Peace" Throughout the night I heard the wild cries of Chinese, rifle fire and deafening explosions. Japan ese artillery batteries pounded steadily In the south.

At sunrise I saw the remaining city wall defenders 200 yards away, engaged In a futile attempt to halt the Japanese advance. Later in the morning I found that the Japanese had reached Nanking's northeastern entrance "the Gate of Benevolent Peace.".

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