The Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet, and General Advertiser from Truro, Cornwall, England on March 1, 1850 · 2
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The Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet, and General Advertiser from Truro, Cornwall, England · 2

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Truro, Cornwall, England
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Friday, March 1, 1850
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2
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ROYAL CORNWALL GAZETTE, FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1850. POEEIGN XHTBXiXiXOBNCE. FRANCE. In the discussion last week of the clauses of the Education Bill, an amendment proposed by M. Fayolle, to the effect that primary instruction should be obligatory, and gratuitous for children of both sexes, was rejected by 430 to 179. The Minister of the Interior has addressed a circular to the prefects, instructing them to take measures, in concert with the religious and military authorities, for the celebration of a commemorative and funeral service on the 24th inst., the anniversary of the foundation of the Republic, which the law had sanctioned. A Te Deum will be chanted after the service. A circular to the same effect has been addressed to the Bishops by the Minister of Public Instruction. At a Socialist meeting of the quarter Po-pincourt, it was agreed that a series of queries should be put to the candidates for the representation to the following effect: " To propose or vote for measures that shall enable all citizens to consume all they themselves produce ; for the establishment of gratuitous and obligatory instruction ; for means to avoid the preponderance of majorities; for the organization of gratuitous credit; and for the organization of the public force! The Socialists of Goudon, Lot et Garonne, having heard of the riot in Paris that followed the cutting down of the trees of liberty, attempted to get up a similar scene. They were at once dispersed by the troops, and 20 ringleaders arrested. Letters from Lyons of the 19th mention that a few days previous more than 400 vagabonds, no doubt recruits for the Socialists, without any known occupation, and strangers to Lyons, had been expelled the city by General Gemau. A demonstration was attempted during the carnival at Tulle (Correze), Where the Socialists prepared to parade the streets iu costume with chains round their necks and with scythes in their hands. The authorities interfered, and instead of 800, as intended, there were only 20 to 40. When summoned to disperse they resisted, but the ringleader was, after a scuffle, arrested and taken to prison. The Socialists in the Vosges have obtained a triumph. The Municipal Council of the town of the Bruyeres having been dissolved, a new election took place on the 14th inst., wren the entire Democratic list obtained the majority. Two Socialists were convicted before the Police Court of Paris on Tuesday of having concealed arms in their possession since the 13th of June. One was sentenced to two years' imprisonment and a fine of 200f., the other to 4 months and 50f. Sunday the 24th, was the anniversary of the French Republic, and down to 11 o'clock, a.m. the greatest tranquillity prevailed. Not the slightest doubt was entertained but it would continue. The Democratic Socialist Committee have determined upon the three following candidates for seats in the Assembly Lieut, de Flotte, one transported for taking part iu the June insurrection, and afterwards pardoned ; M. Vidal, ex-secretary of Louis Blanc ; and M. Carnot, cx-Mi-minister of Public Instruction. It was expected that M. Girar-din would have been chosen, but he was rejected. The Napoleon states that Prussia having thought proper to place her army on the war footing, the French Government had resolved to reinforce the garrisons along the eastern frontiers. SPAIN. On the 13th inst., Dr. Castello, the first physician of the Queen, officially announced to the major-domo of the Palace, the Duke de Hijar, that Queen Isabella had entered the fifth month of her pregnancy. The Duke hastened to convey that intelligence to the Prime Minister, who immediately summoned a Cabinet Council, at which it was decided that both Chambers should be convoked on the 14th to receive the communication of the bulletin of the physicians of her Majesty. At 2 o'clock on that day, the Ministers presented themselves first to the Senate, and afterwards to the Chamber of Deputies. The President of the Council read in each the official notification, which produced the greatest enthusiasm, and elicited reiterated cries of " Long live the Queen !" The two Houses then appointed deputations who, on the loth, proceeded to the Palace to congratulate their Majesties, and to offer their felicitations to Queen Christina. The Chambers did not meet on the 16th, but it was supposed they would be prorogued on the 18th, until the accouchement of her Majesty, when, after receiving a communication from the Government, they are to be dissolved. The Gazette publishes a Royal decree ordering prayers for the safe delivery of the Queen. The Crontca, of Seville, announces that the Prince and Princess de Joinville were expected in that city fo the holy week. PORTUGAL. The people of Lisbon continue to feel greatly dissatisfied at the harsh dismissal of the Duke of Saldanha from his official position in the Royal household. His Grace demands a court martial, that he may vindicate his character. Ths circumstance keeps alive the excitement consequent upon the injustice inflicted; and it is feared that this unpleasant affair will not terminate so pacifically as the Queen and Count Thomar had confidently expected it would do. PRUSSIA. The Berlin correspondence of the 17th, states that a deputation from the inhabitants of Schleswig had arrived at Berlin to lay before the King a statement of the confused state of affairs under the administration of the Commissioners of the three Powers England, Prussia, and Denmark created by the armistice. The deputation consists of i 3 delegates. As it has no official mission it was doubtful whether his Majesty would receive it. It was probable that the Upper Chamber would reject the bill introducing an income-tax and abolishing the octroi. The Administrative Council has resolved to adjourn on the 12th of March, and to resume business at Erfurt on the 15th. A telegraphic despatch of the Kolner Zeituug, dated Berlin, the 19th instant, contains the news of the removal of the Radish troops from their own country to Pomerania, and the March of Brandenburgh. The measure is on the point of execution. The Minister of Trade had declared in the Upper Chamber that the Government look forward anxiously to the time when it would be able to undertake a revision of the tariff of the Zollverein. That revision, it was indicated, would have the result of increasing the present amount of protection. The Kolner Zeitnng has two electric despatches from Berlin of the 21st instant, one stating that his Majesty the King of Prussia is confined to his apartments in consequence of an accident he met with in walking ; and the other containing the announcement that the Lower House of the Prussian Parliament has voted an extraordinary supplv of 18,000,000 thaler for the War-office. A despatch from Berlin of the 23rd, states that the First Chamber had, on the previous evening, rejected the bill relative to the income tax, and had ac-cepted another of a very different character. The Second Chamber had that day come to the resolution to adjourn the debate on the new bill during the present session. The Second Chamber has voted an increase of the tax on beet-root sugar. SWITZERLAND. Letters from Geneva, of the 19th inst., state that affairs in Switzerland are becoming every day more complicated, and the fermentation of the public mind greater. The political refugees of all nations congregated there feel that the critical moment has arrived, and that something must be done now or never. Rumours of approaching insurrections in France, Germany, and Italy were rife ; and for the last 15 day6 an incessant movement of the chief conspirators has been remarked both at Lausanne and Geneva, and correspondence exchanged with London and Paris. The secret committees are in permanence, and agents have set out in various directions. The activity of the propaganda has increased a hundred-fold, and incendiary publications issue daily from the Lausanne press. Speni, the former Secretary-General of the Roman Triumvirate, had arrived at Geneva, and has had various interviews with Ricciardi, Montecchi, and others. Letters from Berne of the 18th, also describe the effervescence that exists in that canton, occasioned by the fierce attacks of the press on Austria and Prussia. These letters assert that Ledru Rollin bad visited Belgium, and that in all probability he would also visit Geneva. Letters from Breisach, of the 16th and 17th, and from Basle of the 18th inst., state that the late rumours of a concentration of a French corps on the frontiers of Switzerland are confirmed by the marching of troops, horse and foot, fi om Colin ar to Neubreisack, while the garrison of Mulbausen has been marched off to Dizon. The Berne papers state that Sir E. Lyons, the English ambassador at Switzerland, has entreated her Majesty's government to oppose the interference of the continental powers in the affairs of Swit-cerland. A letter from Berne of the 14th instant, in the Kolner Zeitung states that Baron Wildenbruch, the Prussian agent in Switzerland, has informed the President of the Confederation of the demand of Prussia respecting the execution of the resolutions of the 20th of July and the 19th of November, according to which the Swiss are bound to expel foreign revolutionists from their territories. The President's reply, as might have been expected, was that the said resolutions should be conscientiously executed, and that the refractory spirit of the canton of Geneva should be humbled to the level of the law. Letters from the Jura of the 20th state that Mazzini has definitively quitted Switzerland, and has proceeded to London. He passed through that department, and a few days before had been seen at Lons le Saulnier. The Council of State of Friburg had decreed the expulsion of five refugees for bad conduct. ITALY. The Papal States. The Giornale di Roma, of the 11th confirms the reports of the events which took place on the 9th on the Corso at Rome. It states that, on the 9th, a French soldier of the 53rd was killed, and that, on the 10th, an officer of the 2nd battalion of chasseurs was severely wounded with a stiletto. Several arrests were made on the following night. The Statute of Florence has a letter from Rome of the 12th stating that the person guilty of the attempt against M. Musig-nano had not been discovered, but that the Government bavins taken the precaution, before the commencement of the Carnival to summon a certain number of persons to sign ii paper declaring them responsible for any thing that might iiappen 'during the Carnival, upwards of 60 persons had been arrested. The commission of enquiry was still actively engaged in dismissing judges and other functionaries from their posts. The A'azionae publishes a letter from Rome of the 13th, statin"-that upwards of 500 persons had been arrested since the preceding day. Most of the persons arrested are shopkeepers, functionaries, and persons in easy circumstances; even ladies had not been spared. On the Pith, three or. four Frenchmen more had been stabbed, ana from 40 to 50 persons arrested on that account. The advanced sentinel of the Campo Vaccino had been stabbed immediately after the publication of General Basaguay d'Hillier's proclamation. Two Trasteverins were to be shot on the 1 3th for having knives about them. The French and Roman police were actively engaged in stopping and searching people in the streets. Eruption op VESUViUB.In a letter dated Naples, Feb. 12, we find the following passage : " I must not forget to inform you of the state of Vesuvius. For a week we have now enjoyed the most splendid eruption which has taken place for many years. The ashes have been carried as far, we know, as twenty miles, and no doubt much farther. The lava descends in two streams upon Ottajano, where it has destroyed a palace and much land belonging to a nobleman of that name, and another towards Torre dell'Annunziata, whilst the flames and the immense masses of rock which are ejected form at night a splendid and terrific spectacle. The roaring of the mountain on Saturday night last was such as to disturb the whole country for miles round, and here in Naples our windows shook with every repetition of it, which was unceasing night and day. Immense crowds, of course, walk over to the other side of the bay to get a nearer view ; religious processions are moving about for the intercession of the Madonna and the saints ; and it is said that the Pope is to perform some ceremonial to cause the mountain to stay its ruinous proceedings. I am sorry to add that the accidents to those who went over have been very sad. On Saturday night, a young Pole was struck in the leg by a burning stone, which cut through the limb, and he died on the mountain from loss of blood. A young American officer was struck in the arm, which hung suspended by a bit of flesh. On his arrival in Naples he had lost so much blood that an amputation could not take place, and as no re-action has up to this time taken place, it is not expected that he can live. A gendarme is also reported killed, and two men who had fallen a sacrifice to the eruption were said to have been buried yesterday at Portici. Some anxiety has been felt for an Englishman and his wife who had not returned from a visit to the mountain ; and yet the crowds roll on night and day to see this wonderful phenomenon. From the neighbourhood of the mountain all the inhabitants have fled, and the powder from the magazine at Torre has been removed. GREECE. Letters from Corfu, of the 10th instant, state that the situation of Greece was the same as by the last accounts . The British vessels had seized about 30 small craft at Spezia, Hydra, and Syra. The embargo extended as far as Galaxidi. The people were highly exasperated against the English, and an outbreak was apprehended. A few small coasters had been permitted to leave Sira, but two Greek brigantiues, which were in that port, laden with corn, and bound respectively to Leghorn aud Trieste, bad been taken to Salamina. The auniversary of the arrival of King Otho in Greece had been celebrated with unusual enthusiasm. The French squadron was still anchored in the waters of Mytilene. It was believed the Greek corvette Ludovic was there too. A French vessel was stationed at Smyrna. The Austrian schooner Fenice, which was believed to be lost, had arrived at Tenedos. Two Greek schooners had been brought to Corfu. The conduct of England towards Greece had produced an unfavourable impression. A supplement to the Cjficiul Journal of Corfu of the 5th published two notes of S?ir 1. Wyse s to the Lord High C ommissioner, which the latter had communicated to the Senate of Corfu. They are written in the same spirit as the official documents already published on the Anglo-Greek question. Letters from Malta of the 18th inst. state that Her Majesty's steam-frigate Odin was the only ship at the Piraeus, the fleet being still at Salamis. The smaller vessels were distributed at Patras, Zante,and Corfu. Captures continue to be made of Greek vessels; the duty of blockading, as of capturing, devolves on the steamers. The merchants at Athens were get ing weary of the check on commerce, and some had remonstrated with the Hellenic Government. At Athens the people were by no means disaffected towards the English. At Patras the feeling was more hostile, and was kept up by the fact of two war-boats being seized and towed to Corfu. ''he Consul had intimated to the English, who desired to land for the purpose of sporting, that he could not guarantee their safety from insult. Letters from Smyrna of the 6th state that the French squadron was still anchored at Mosconissi, and would shortly return to Smyrna. Letters from Athens state that King Otho and his Ministers were determined not to yield to the demands of the English Government unless they were advised to do so by the other ' protecting powers.' New declarations of adhesion were coming in from all parts of Greece. The pirates had profited by the disarming of the Greek naval force to attack the merchant vessels. M. Landos had demanded the assistance of the French and Russian navy to protect the Greek coast and European commerce. Mr. Thomas Wyse had denied the intention of mixing up in his claim anything respecting the two islands of Cervi and Sapienza. THE DANUBIAN PROVINCES. A letter from Bucharest of the 4th inst. announces that the Russian troops in the Danubian provinces have received orders from St. Petersbnrgh to evacuate those principalities on the 20th of the present month, with the exception of a garrison of 10,000 men, with 30 pieces of cannon. EGYPT. Abbas Pasha does not attempt to conceal his contempt of Christians, and the poor Copts, or native Christian population, suffer particularly from his exactions. Mr. Murray, our Consul-General, is the only person having any influence over his mind, and this undoubtedly proceeds from the Consul's firm and independent bearing, connected with his knowledge of the languages of the country, which exempts him from the inconvenience of communicating with His Highness through the medium of an interpreter, and it is entirely owing to Mr. Murray's representations that the transit through Egypt is now kept in a very efficient state. Two new steamers for the canal service have recently arrived, and the road between Cairo and Suez is undergoing great improvements. Lord Lincoln arrived at Alexandria, on the 26th January, from the Archipelago, in his yacht Gitana. When off the coast of Troy the Gitana got on shore, and, had it not been for assistance rendered by the English steamer Rosamond, she would have become a complete wreck. Lord Lincoln having brought a letter from the Grand Vizier at Constantinople, a special steamer was placed at his disposal, and his Lordship and party, consisting of his brother, Lord Clinton, Messieurs Harcourt and Vernon, started for Cairo and the Upper Country on the 30th. GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES IN THE INTERIOR OF SOUTH AFRICA. A communication of great interest and importance has just been received by the London Missionary Society, from the Rev. David Livingston, dated " Banks of the River Zonga, Sept. 3, 1849." Mr. Livingston, in company with Messrs. Murray and Oswell, has succeeded in crossing the large tract of country called the Desert hitherto an insurmountable barrier to Europeans and discovered a magnificent river of clear fresh water, the banks of which wire beautiful beyond anything the travellers had ever seen, " except, perhaps, some parts of the Clyde." Gigantic trees lined the margin of the stream : two of the Boabob variety measured seventy to seventy-six feet in circumference. The farther the travellers ascended the river, the. broader it became. " The fact that the Zonga is connected with large rivers coming from the north," says Mr. Livingston, " awakens emotions in my mind which make the discovery of the lake dwindle out of sight. It opens the prospect of a highway, capable of being quickly traversed by boats, to a large section of well-peopled territory." One remarkable feature in the river is its periodical rise and fall supposed to be occasioned by the melting of snow in the mountains. COLONIAL. WEST INDIES. The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's ship Trent arrived at Southampton, on Friday morning with the West India and Mexican mails, and specie, value 531,392 dollars, of which 450,000 is on merchants' account, and 81,392, on account of the Mexican dividends. In Jamaica the cultivation of cotton is being entered upon with considerable energy. Samples of the article have been exhibited, and pronounced by good judges to be of very superior quality. The House of Assembly was expected daily to bring its labours to a close. Several bills had been sent over to the Council for their concurrence, and many of them had been rejected. Two of the most important bills before the house, and which it was generally reported would be thrown out, were, a bill to make prevision for the better payment of the public debt, and an act for the better regulation of the Receiver-General's Office. Crime in the island was alarmingly on the increase. Accounts from British Guiana are to the 18th of January. Since the departure of the previous steamer,noth-ing had occurred to disturb the political tranquillity of the colony. At Barbadoes, the Legislative Council had appointed a select committee to inquire into the financial condition of the island ; the Retrenchment Bill has been referred to the same committee. The agricultural prospects of the island were still favourable, and a large planting of canes for the next year's crop had taken place. At Bermuda, the Attorney-General had introduced a bill for increasing the number of clergymen in the Bermuda islands, and a bill for granting allowances to members of the Legislature. CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. Cape of Good Hope papers have arrived, bringing dates of the 29th December inclusive. The Neptune still lay in Table Bay waiting orders. All was peaceable, and the colonists were looking with a ray of hope that the convicts would be ordered to another destination. Some English journals had been received, containing rumours that Lord Grey's obnoxious decree had been revoked. The Anti-Convict Associations were, however, determined not to relax their exertions until the object they had at heart should be crowned with success. CHINA. At Canton all is quiet. The determination on the part of the Chinese authorities to return to the old system which existed previous to the treaty, becomes every day more apparent. An attempt is now making to confine the storage of tea to a few individuals, and to make all tea pay a tax of 2 mace (Is. 2d.) per picul. The system once established, the tax will no doubt be increased. It will be employed as a source to pay off the old Hong debts, to get back the ransom money paid during the last war, and to meet all other similar eases that may occur. The consumers of tea in Great Britain and elsewhere will have to pay for all. It is considered a most serious violation of the treaty, and the circumstance is now occupying the attention of Dr. Bowring, the consul, and the Canton Chamber of Commerce. The head and hand of the late Governor of Macao, still remain in possession of the Chinese, but the three Chinese who were taken prisoners after the murder have been released. This is considered as a prelude to a better understanding between the Portuguese anil Chinese au thorities. At Araoy, on the 23rd inst, an extensive fire took place, destroying 450 houses and much property. The loss is estimated at 170,000;. Her Majesty's steamer Reynard, Capt. Craycroft, rendered valuable assistance. MALTA. A very melancholy accident occurred on the 7th inst., by which 12 lives were lost. Lieut. Michael Breen, a young man who had but recently received his lieutenancy, and at the same time an appointment to the Ganges, 84, Capt. Smith, had been sent with the pinnace, containing 19 hands, from the Bay of Salamis, to the Piraeus for water. Having accomplished his duty he set sail on his return, and when near Pigeon Island, the mnnam mnn TV-I -w . j . .1 . . . J.am.aJ iiuuqu: nos 131JBUeU. Jj lulS uCClucot SIX. IUCU vveiw uruwucu. The lieutenant, with the remainder of the crew, struck manfully out, and succeeded in reaching Pigeon Island ; but here, owing to the intense cold, he, with more, were frozen to death before uaMomucw was seui. DOMESTIC. Cottrt Lev BBS. His Roval Highness Prince Albert will, by desire of Her Majesty, hold Levees, at St. James's Palace, on behalf of her Majesty, on the following days, at two s'clock: Wednesday, 0th of March neat; Wednesday, 20th of March next. It is her Majesty's pleasure that presentations to his Royal Highness at these Levees shall be considered equivalent to presentations to the Queen. Addresses to Her Majesty. Addresses to the Queen may eithe r be forwarded to her Majesty through the Secretary of State for the Home Department, or may be reserved until her Majesty shall hold a Levee. The Court. His Royal Highness the Duke of Saxc Coburg Gotlia, attended by Baron d'Apel, arrived at Buckingham palace on Friday night, from the Continent, on a visit to the Queen and Prince Albert. The Duke of Richmond had an audience ef the Queen on Tuesday afternoon, and presented to her Majesty a large num ber of addresses from various parts of the country complaining ot distress and praying for a dissolution of parliament. His Grace also presented to the Queen memorials in favour ef the Ten Hours Act, and praying that it may not be evaded by the shut or relay system. Colonial Appointment. G. J. Crawford, Eq., has been appointed Second Judge of the'' Supreme Court of the eeluny of South Australia. Stbwartry of Kirkcudbright. John Mackie, of Bur. paly, Esq., has been elected in the room of T. Maitiand, Esq., who has accepted the office of one of the Judges of the Court of Session iu Scotland. The Marquis op Granby, M.P. We deeply regret te near mat me Marquis oi urunoy, m. r., is very unwell, ana unable, in consequence, to attend to his parliamentary duties. The illness ef his lordship will account for the absence of hi name in the division on Mr. Disraeli's motion in the House of Com mens an Thursday night. The Chancellor op the Exchequer. Sir Charles Wood is gradually recovering from his recent severe illness, and was able to recehe Lord J. Russell and Sir G. Grey on Saturday afternoon. Some time must elapse ere the riyht hnn. baronet will be able to attend to business in the House of Commons. Sir Charles, at the advice of his medical attendants, wili shortly leave London for the country, in order that the change of air may recruit bis strength. Death op General Lord Aylmer. We regret to announce the demise of the above nobleman, who expired somewhat suddenly on Saturday nightt his residence in Eaton-square. The deceased peer waa general in the army, colonel of the. 18:h Foot, and formerly Goveruor-Generul of Canada. The Dean op Westminster. It is stated that the health of the very rev. the dean is so much deranged as to preclude all hope of his bein,: able, for at least a very long time,, to attend to any duty. John Bull, Death op the Common Serjeant. On Wednesday morning, Mr. John Mirehouse, the Common Serjeant of the City of i ondon, departed this life. The learned gentleman was taken ill a few days since at the Old Bailey sessions, from which indispositiou he never recovered. He was chosen as Cemmon Serjeant to the City in Hie year 1833, so that be lias held the important office about 17 years. The appointment of his successor is vested iu the Court of Common Council. Thb Post Office. Declarations signed by the Primate and fifteen Bishops, about 300 of the London clergy, and a great body ef merchants and bankers, have been advertised in the leading papers. Lord Ashley is to move a series of resolu tionson the subject, having for their object the suppression of Sunday labor. The Queen's Avenue at Windsor. Just before the departure of the Ceurt from Windsor Castle to Buckingham Palace, a new avenue of trees was planted in the Home Park, leading from the Royal residence to the terminus of the London and Windsor Railway, in Datchet-lane, which is situated just beyond the walls of the park. Her Majesty, accompanied by the Prince Consort, the Roval rhildrpn. nnri n niimrna nartv vat present at the ceremony of planting the tree, of which there are between 30 und 40. The first tree was planted by her Majesty close to Datehet-laoe. The Prince Consort, the Royal children, and the visitors present also planted one each until the required number was completed. By means of the private d live which has - been formed, her Majesty can now proceed fram the Castle, through .the Roval domain, to the Royal terminus, without having to travel more than 100 yards on a public road. County op Warwick Memorial to the late Queen Dowager. The first meeting ef the committee was held on Tuesday last, at St. Mary's Hall, when it was unanimously resolved" That as St. Michael's Church, Coventry, is the largest and finest church in the county, measures be taken to form a committee to eollect subscriptions twwards filling, with stained glass, the five chancel windows in that church, now partly blocked up with masonry, the estimated cost of which is about 2000L" The Great Exhibition op 1851. A meeting to forward this object was held on Thursday, at Willis's Rooms ; F.Smedly, Esq., Hixh Bailiff of Westminster, iu the chair. Mr. Brown proposed the fellowiug resolution : " That it is the opinion ef .this meeting that the proposal of his Royal Highness the Prince Albert, to hold an Exhibition of the Works ef Industry of all Nations in 1851, is entitled to the cordial co-operation of all classes, as tending to the advancement of art, agriculture, manufactures, and trade, and to thedevebprncnt f the reseunes of the British nation, its colonics, and dependencies." The resolution was seconded by tbehftajrl of Carlisle. M. Drouya de l'Hoys, the French Ambassador, moved the second resolution : " That it is the opinion of this meeting, that the opportunity given by this exhibition for the intercourse and peaceful rivalry of various nations, will be the most effectual step towards the accomplishment of universal -peace throughout the civilized world." The Bishop of Loqfta, in seconding the resolution, said, that he viewed the approaching exhibition as a peace movement. Varieus other motions having been mevedandadopted, a committee was appointed. ! Exhibition op the Industry of all Nations. a mast interesting meeting took placo on Saturday afternoon at the residence of her Grace the Duchess of Sutherland, for 'the purpese of aiding his Royal Highness Prince Albert in carrying out the great exhibition of industry of all nations. The gentlemen present were : Lards E. Howard and Dufferin (who were elected secretaries to the ladies committee), Earl Granville Mr Lesley, and Mr. Francis Fuller. Resolutions for the purpose of promoting the object of the meeting were agreed to by the following ladies who were present: The Marchionesses of Aylesbury, Westminster, Londonderry, and Clanricarde; Viscountesses Jocelyn, Waldegrate, Palmerston, and Clanwilliam Ladies Grey, Dover, Peel, Foley, Stanley, Mary Stanley, Caroline Lascelles, Shtlburne, Amburton, Granville, Fiahault, Grey, Anson, and Edgecombe. Southern Whale Fishbii y. The first annual meeting ef the Southern Whale Fishery Company was held on Thursday, the Earl of Hardwicke in the chair. The report stated that three whale ships and a store ship had been sent out to the Auckland Islands, together with a small body of settlers, most of wham were accompanied by their wives and families; that five more whale ships were now in progress of consiruelion, and that it was contemplated, as soon as possible, to increase the total number to 10 or 12; A motion for increasing the capital wasreserved for future consideration. The Great Tubular Bridge over the Mbnai. The second tube was last week lowered to its permanent seat on the Carnarvonshire side, in the presence of Mr. Stephenson. So successfully was every part brought to bear on lowering the tube on ihe rock tower, that an extension of three-sixteenths of an inch took place, denoting great rigidity. The recent gales, when the wind was at right ungles with the bridge, did not affect the structure in the least, though a pressure of 17 lbs. to the square foot was ascertained. The only unfinished operations conuected with the bridge are the filling.up of the gap on the near side, &V u grad junitioa wh the Carnarvonshire tower, for which a period of three weeks will suffice for laying the rails so that the line will be in readiness for opening within a peiiod of five weeks. The Arctic Expedition. The Admiralty have pur-chased the Baboo and Ptarmigan sailing vessels, and tbe Eider and Free Trade screw propeller steam vessels for this expedition. J lie two former are to be commanded by Capt. Austin and Capt. Ummanney, and the two steamers by lieutenants. Sir John Ross s offer to undertake another independent expedition has met with so much public favor, that 2000. have been already subscribed, and there is no doubt that tbe remaining 1000Z. will be raised m a few day. Dr. King has also this week offered to undertake an overland expedition, the plan of which is said to be approved by Sir Edward Parrv. By the United States news, received this week, we learn that Mr. Grinuel, one f the merchant ship-owners of New York, and formerly a member of Congress, has augmeuted his former subscription f 500 dollars towards fitting OUt an Amnrionn pn.Piliti.m. tr, the nri, ,..1- donation of 15,000 dollars. It is intended that two small vessels ot 160 and 00 tons respectively shall proceed to Barrow's Straits in May next ; and it is calculated that the cost of such an expedition wiil not be more than 25,000 dollars. 'Munificent Foundation op a Ragged School. A short time ago, the friends of a ragged school, who bad fitted op one of the arches of the South Western Railway, near Lambeth Walk, as a place of instruction for noor mbmH cliildran plied to Mr. Beaufoy, the eminent distiller, of Soath Lambeth. ucmo lowarni mnn to erect a suitable edifice. Mr. Beaufoy so far complied with their request that, at his expense, he has erected, in Doughty-street, Lambeth, at a eost of 3000Z., a.maenifleeut building, covering an area of 1230 square yards, calculated to afford ample room for the instruction of 1000 children. Martlebonb Vestry. The Pauper Children. There was a crowded meeting of the vestry on Saturday, to consider the propriety of removing the children from the workhouse to an acricultural industrial school. The proposal was approved by Mr. Joseph, and supported by Mr. Wilson. Mr. Hume, MrP., objected to the propwsa' .because even government was opposed to the establishment of public manufacturing establishments by public bodies, as tbey interfered with the wages of the industrious c'asses, and because it would incur an expense which would have to be defrayed by the ratepayers. The Rev. Mr. Gurney and the Rev. Mr. Baring wished to see the pauper children brought up in an industrial establishiuent.apart from the woikhuse, in order to remove them from the contamination of evil example. Mr. Williams opposed the scheme in toto, assuring the vestry that the children in the workhouse were better cared for and better educated than those brought up in many metropolitan boardin.-schools. Finally, the proposal was rejected on a division, by 35 votes to 13. Itinerant Hawkers. We have, in common with our contemporaries, metropolitan and provincial, repeatedly cautioned the public against a class of traders who pay occasional isits to the principal towns in thf kingdom , and under the pretext of selling" confiscated goods," salvages from unknown vessels, and such like claptraps, dispose of articles at a price frequently ten times beyond their real value. An instance in point has this week come to our knowledge, and which the bargain hunters would do well seriously to reflect upon : a clergyman, who was lodging in this city sometime since, purchased goods at one of their sales to the tune of 1257., which, our informant tells us, did not cost SOL ! Bath Herald. Prizes for Virtuous Conduct. A ladv proposes to give Five Pounds every year, as a christening present, to each of two mothers, of the peasantry class, whose first child shall be born at the regular time after a marriage contracted on the following conditions : 1st. That the young woman shall have been engaged twelve months to a young man of good character. 2nd. That the engagement shall have been declared te the clergyman of the parish twelve months before the marriage. 3rd. That the clergyman shall have approved the general conduct of the parties during that period. The engagement is required as affording time to exercise prudence and self-respect ; to become acquainted with each other's dispositions ; and to make such provision for future wants, as shall secure their marriege from being the beginning of greater poverty than they had known hefore. It will enable them to look forward with hope, around them with caution, and whether they marry or not, they will look back without regret. If they marry, they will enter on their new duties with respect for each other, and with the respect of their neighbours. Whatever hardships they may have to endure, they will never be ashamed ; and as temperance and chastity are essential parts of that guuuiicss wuicu hath the promise of this life, as well as that to come," those who wish them well may reasonably hope that a course thus begun will be continued with ' Progressive virtue and approving Heaven ." An application has been made by the much respected and benevolent rector of Wraxall, to the lady, who resides in Kent, with whom this philanthropic plan originated, on behalf of Sarah Carter, the daughter of William Bruce, who has been a laborer on the Charlton Estate for more than thirty years, and the five pounds have been given to Sarah Carter, who is the first young nuiuau iubi uusootainea ine premium. Sisters op Mercy. At the recent anniversary of ih German Hospital in London, the healths of the Lord Bishop of Manchester, and of the other English Clersy who suDnorted the institution, having been drunk, the Riht Rev. Prelate, in re turning thanks for himself and the Clersv. snoke with vmt force, and with a sincere conviction, on the benefits which were likely to accrue to English charitable institutions by the introduction into them of Protestant Sisters of Mercv. He h ! ..fian admired the Roman Catholic Sisters of Mercy' He was free to uuu.css-wujeiy mougn ne diltered from the followers of that persuasion ne Honoured and respected a Roman Cathli if k. was sincere in his religion. That wemen should devote themselves to the christian duty of visiting and comforting the sick was originally and genuinely christian. It was not enough to wnu me aiseaseo ana afflicted, to assuage the sufferings of thair bodies, and to smooth the dying pillow under their droopin-heads. Those who watched beside the bed of sufferin and death had a higher, a more important, a mere sacred duty to perform. They ought to enlighten, U comfort, and to speak words of love and peace. This the Rnm.n r-amii .. derstood ; and ought we, who owned the same obligations, but . ... .u.k.uii iiemoui a nixnerand a puror hope, to turn J ' " 7 ""wing, oi ne soui, and confine our are and attention to the body ? Such a course of action would be unworthy of the principles of Protestantism. He was aware that so harrowing a subject was likely to grate on the feeling of the company ; but addressing them as he did, he felt it a duty to express his conviction, and hpr Bin. . a.-. J fluence of the Protestant Sisters of Mercy, as proved by the example of tbe German Haspital at Dalston. Sudden Death in an Omnibus. On Wednesday evenin-an instance of the awful uncertainty of life, occurred in an omnibus which was travelling through Moorgate-street. It appears that Mr. Joseph Phelps, stationer, of Paternoster-row, was in the habit of leaving his place of business about six o'clock p.m., and taking an omnibus at the Bank, to be driven to his family residence in Pentonville. When he left the Row " he was apparently in his usual health, and walked down to the Bank, where he bailed the omnibus which was going in his direction. He got in, and the conveyance beginning to fill it set off at a slow pace down Moorgate-street. He in the meantime hal been chatting familiarly with his fellow-passengers when all in a moment he was suddenly observed to turn pale and then to fall back. The omnibus was immediately stopped, and the unfortunate gentleman lifted out, and conveyed to a neighboring surgeon's in Moorgate-street. Before, however, he reached the medical man's house he bad breathed his last. Death op an Eccentric Lady.-A lady named Joachim aged sixty-two died last week in London, whose history i8 a singular and melancholy one. On the 1st of June, 18081 deceased s father, an officer in the Life Guards, was murdered and robbed in the Regent's park. A reward of 300J. was offered for the murderer, who was apprehended with the property unon him and executed. I 1825, a suitor of deceased, whom her mother rejected, shot himself while sitting on a sofa whith deceased, who was covered with his brains. From that instant she ost her reason. Since her mother's death, eighteen year? ag. she has led the life of a recluse, dressed in White, and nS going out. A charwoman occasionally brought her what 5 phed he, rwanfc. Her only companion, werea talMogTwhieh M Z h,?fWM.d two cats. Her house vfas fil ed r,LrH "l8 8ldier9in ,ead' wch called her bodv iZ tfa81n attended h "utly during her illness, but she locked him up in a room, and, on escaping the aexT day he found the deceased dead. On forcing open The door of h value of sixty-two shares of the Hope Assurance, of 50Z oom S nT f PrPerand Kfc o. policies The room and furniture were in the same state as they were at hZ Z TherC " a8tUI more terrible romance San Z 113! 8 othhir lf ii L(.,ndon' ihe o ocUeTf si" iiie lady who has been the involuntary cause ef death of two lovers-was when the first tragedy oeZrred! oi 22, and re- SS. iC1Dalin8inmiod and 'i-GioSeTshL Incendiary Fires in Berks and BccxsIncendiarv fires in these two agricultural counties have been very numerous during the present month, aud threatening letters have been re- , . y lue upiers ot land n Bucks The wh.,l of the farmers around Brill, in the vicinity of AyiesbVrv have had letters of this character sent to them, threatening The de! s ruction ef heir farm produce by fire. A fire broke out in a iS if: nom"fd Mr. Osborne, the tewnt of Buttermilk-hall farm, at the moment he was engaged in comparing a threatening letter he bad just received with others of a like purport sent to farmers i the neighborhood. The e disCK'ercd in e to prevent its spreadfng to the extensive neks, barns, and outhouses. Three fires have broken out within the last three weeks on the farm of Tr &LJML M? Place the oiiiH k m rii. - . - . uccu re- neighbourhood of Cookham, neaT 1SSSS Z mg Z o7 W r Ph K l83t fCCUrred a feW niht9 St Llftf P3' cl03e to the village. The prooertv consign included all the farm property consumed buildings and quantity of noultrv arge four ricks of Cand'o! if r lPJ kiUinS' and Keadinf on Mr ?r i CaTers3,aD0' Wlthin two miles of zveamag, on air. Oraves's farm, a most dptrnniic flr implements, a large consumed the nmflno f ' iTmsw.,'"'i l.ul"y - . . ', " U'V 'v acres, consisting of n ne "ta 'k ay' slrawaftd clover, besides reducing te aahes ?SS 8!able9 8nd Chouses, several wa-ons and a thrashing machine. Two cocks of straw on the farm of Mr. Farrow, at Tilehurst, close to a large quantity of valuable farm produce, were fired a few nights ago. 'aluable "raordinary Attempt at Swindling.-a few days ago Count Von VVladdislaw, by name, according to his tfdSl 852 Tmm Franc!, or German" sTr 5hiow( w urougiii before the trates at Bliston, near Birmingham, as a swindler. E niagis- He victi tl r V n I9T a week in Princely style, and then walking off. Pretending that he was commissioned to PJeha i"J"M 9r Cracow R,iiwmT r.nmT I nrm ,n Birmingham and ordered two oair. " w,0 to 140-horse power, and two pair. 0f 80-lm I! ' marine e"Rinw coat, to suit the same, which he iSfSl fR C Danube in connexion with the Cracow SIS ! n th contract for 27,000., giving references STl S ,,rned sponsibility, and to pay 1 5,000 7uFm !S2Ia5 hU re made, and the contract immediately cancelled S? next distributed his favors in the neighbour hoad i w 9 Coant and Bliston, including a 500-horse 3K2S1S2S Messrs. Perry, of the Highfleld Foundrv oOO?,t nefron from Messrs. Lloyd, Foster, and Co. L'-hlZ tlZ V"' pressure engine, from Mr. Joseph Spencer, of BliZn 'J't' tons of best steel, from a manufacturer at Moxlev k?n, the Count, in giving his orders, discussed the merits bottle, of wine, at tbe expense of those whom he w h with his command., but this.ppears to have been the 5& mediate benefit he derived. A the technicalities of the 22 m' unable to reach him, he wa., after due ewtia" mJ. Shocking Railway Accident. Berwick Monti very deplorable accident happened yesterday afterno Belfont station, on the tfewcasrle nd SIS which a nentleman named Robson (formerly in th. ' 7 the late D-.ke of Northumberland and Earl Grey ) ZTSSS death. Mr. Robson had, it appeared, arrived at thesti ? 9 his gig, and was attempting ro cross the metals, when the 7 'a mail-irain from London came up, and altha Mi the , driver used every effort to prevent a catastrophe; he was SKS to heck the train, and the nnf .r.unate gentleman was knoel down the whole ot the carriage, passing ever his body f frightful was the mutilation of his body that id.ntitv ' dcult. He was hiahlv esteemed in ih Wa wa3 held on his remains, when, it being clearly shown h3 quest It no . "j me railway omcers, Accidental death" was returned. a 'erdict of Dreadful Case. At theMarylebone police-court on Wed. ana ro terminate her own k m M , . v..- w,c raiut; means. f) Monday evening, at a quarter te seven o'clock, the prUonerw seen on the towing-path of the Regent's canal, with the Sah in her arms, and the other two children by her side lowered the baby gently into the water, in order to avoid noise which a splash would have caused, and upon he, L observed, an alarm was instantly gi.en. The prisoner ifcJS another child into the canal in the same wav, and ha-it? that she went in herself, ,lrag,ing the third child i SLlS A daring young fellow, named Rollins, jumped into t,. and succeeded in rescuing them. The wretched crcat , ' said she was urged to the commission of ihe dreadful u the brutal conduct of her husbaud, was remande-l '"CC tobacco morni chest honest nurnoses. informed th fn.m,. ,or it there and Htth I" l'U "im to leave behind the chest to a room on the ft , ., ey UP It. IVUH" I A VT to a stick which served as a sort of float for ft , 6 hurriedly removing the parcel below mini r.n perso give the signal up stairs. As the men were leaving the LIT factory tbe man on watch saw the fl ,al dip, ad r?n down stairs secured the parcel on the person of a rn . . George Roberts, and with the fJfflTlTS! act was complele, and the line of evidence connected Roberts who was one of tbe workmen in the warehouse, has been com mi t ted for trial. frn clonn Qlkan t. A ... .IJ i . of the mom he saw something burning, and immediately got" an ... .. urn ne vU3 suu'ieniv awoKe rv a t.niun r.. . - ,,c bsctwm " so, it eapioa mense violence, 90 that his escape seems ahno-it miraculous. ine root ot the house was lifted off. Ill rh - -- .uc yaiuuons house were blown down, but Thomas, although severely is considered out of danger. His wife and three ehildrei partitions in the urnt, -..v. ... vi 1Uu, at me ume, escaped unhurt. Upon exa minalion it was found that a stocking, filled with about 2 Sa of gunpowder, to which a fusee was attached, had be-n thrown threugh the window, the breaking of which had most probably awoke Thomas and his wife. It appears that the cause of ihl diabolical attempt arose out of several strikes which have taken jmccc UCice me wornmenoi mjseveral collieries in tbe lentigh- uournoou. Lxtenszve Bank Forgeries.- Brighton, Sunday This town was thrown into a state of gn at excitement on ian-turday evening by the discovery that a gang of swindlers were extensi vely and successfully (in part at all events)uttering forges notes of the Bnghfon Union Bank. The mea are in custody. Their operations have been extensive. The magistrates' examination will take place on Mcnday. Incendiary Fire at Reading On Saturday eight, about half-past 10 o'clock, the farm prenWof George ll, ri?iw!S Ithy gentleman, living at a fine suburban villa on the Oxford road, about one mile from the centre of the borouzb. were discovered to be on fire. The place is a complete rmW ashes, and the loss mast amount to a few thousands of pounds. The property destroyed consists of barns, one or two ricks of corn stables, cattle -sheds, granaries, agricultural implements, insu'red"69' The ProPrietor fu"y diSnrHT Pi3.turbarice among the Wesleyans.-A terribie 2ri n ,PRaCe.? TTUeSday niht' at tne Langton-strect Wesleyan Chapel Bmtol. It would seem that the Rev. Mrs. SviLmodf tKtW0 fr the 6Xp8l,ed Wy having made preparations fir preaching in that city, the He. beL oTtho9 LlS Mr- J-k-n.invS.heni 2 SSL t Bristol South Circuit to meet him at the Lanzton- f fhi'lT ' W,tha 'ieW t0 hearin from him a" explanation of the matters in dispute, and a vindication of the Conference E2& ,k fl? 83 the Pre9iat and some of the ministers ascended the platform, they were assailed with foud cries for the no.7'3 55 ?U!!n- TfMJ Pre8ident tempted to speak,but m.l f ih J i Z d be heard ff0,n ,ne ince59ant clamour of the majority of the congregation, who demanded the admission of the expelled ministers. Other ministers tried to get a hearing, but with no more success, while Mr. Griffiths, a brother of the expelled minister, who applied that he mihc aumureu to hear the charges against him, was were some other heard with tolerable PatlPiM. nn parties who spoke oa the s,. The president aad there at length declared the meeting dissolved, building, having previously given notice that a H and left the , , ! ttununceu tor the following evening, at Ebeneier Chapel, would not be attempted. The affair has caused a good deal of excitement, and en Tuesday night, Mr. Dunn preached at Bridge-street . (Independent), and Mr. Griffiths at Lodge-street (Independent) Chapel, both of which places were crammed to the doors. A Tale of Mtstert. It may be remembered that we gave a wee or two since a report from the Berkshire Chronicle oi hnriLema,t, a ff'a? 6 Wherein a female had been recently buried, and the charge brought aeainst a young man, who had been engaged to the deceased, ef being concerned in the viola-SJg thV ,omJ- Doubtless the fallowing case, which was brought before the sitting alderman at the London Manien-2 ,a8t wetk has reference to these singular proceedings. A addrfiLTft a m aPPra who gave his name and address to Alderman Carden, applied to him for advice. He manrS! 1 ?' Wnttto lhe Secretary of State for advice in what manner to proceed in a case which bad, i the part of the cenntry in which it occurred, excited a great deal o surmise te m22? S i t0uWhm he wa to have been united had Ei?? wddenV,eda,otthe middle of January. He mrtfaLt T ml PaJ "g hf9 add'ees to her, and the SSsS ha'C ,ake" pIace in a fe'days, bat her mother and stepfather, who were opposed to the match, had placed her under violent constraint, and the rapid approach of death, iZ7 . u Tarie f circumstances connected with that f.tt'L -V 6 W" that the patient had been prema-nateyvJ""ed H0tK0f,the Wr,d- The be,if that the unfortu-Sim ?h ??.,a,dy h8d n0t died a naloral death gained ground rh-S681 lbat,re f the ho had whispered that in law haTL""''1? h moth" a"d that her father-SsrSfS I f he,Wuld han rather than that the Shocked I HU1?, take P'aCe' Wa9 aiised from the service, sensed th? I 8ffliCted by 8UCh intel"Kence, the applicant repre-Z !, ,9U9 m,tera Which had come to his knowledge to unlTfortifiprKWV,diSi,,.d.in ' hoId an in1ue9t on the b0dy deceased h iy pinioD f the medical attendant of the ' hat.lhe Phycian, upon being waited udoo, declined Ilg.a ffCerLt,ficaie a to the necessity ot such a proceeding. ty ot such a pr cciocat oi neighbourhood joined la rmGu V 1 ! CO oner UP the 9tthJ'ect, on the groood el Mor r ,' 1 wuel,ier an improper influence ha.i oeeu vpnH 7 G P"pose of stopping inquiry, or means f prevention had been adopted in any other wav, certain it was that 5.,rJ t ?'er!e'er'l his determination not to summon a J. 7 "qre into the remarkable circumstances of the case- Alaermnn Pap, . in.. . .. . . , " " c was the opinin of the medion ftS i fed '6 ? "rhe Applicant : He said that sh "J 01 d,"'as0 ?f the brain. I had not seen her for Si before she was rakn ill ,. . .. . .... ri,i q 1 1. 1 ... -i mm in- niuu tnree ciays awr nr. I ill ck;Aiderman Garden : Had she any property ?-Tho Applicant : She was to have come in for some property in a "y short time, and she was about tw.nty-seven years of ago. The property she was to have inherited from he? father. SirOeo. urey, upon reading y statement of the facts which I have re-presonied advised me to apply t the magistrates; but I apprehended that an application to them would not be so effective as a: application to the Lord Mayor or his representative, and 1 therefore determined i, ; npwwsarv that 1 .."uu Bime one tact of a ino r The vault in which the deceased was buried va opened in the night, and next clay I was charged as one of the violators of the sepuichre.-Alder-mun Carden : It ia quite impossible that the Lard Mayor eouio interfere in a matter of such a nature wholly out of his Jur,s' . r-'.T . r . , 7, ni'iama, me wile of a wh.i wrighf, living ,n L-ttle Carlisle-street, Portman-tnarket LY went an examina:ion before Mr. Broughton, on the rhar r having attempted to murder her three children, of there n- sges ef seven years, five years. andseven month,. h ,j LV . . 6 Angling for a Thief. O ne ot tho man : manufactory, at Bristol. hain u r-Vnsg'i nga parcel uf abont 31b. of n..fP , , n triuay in a room where it eaulrl nnlv h.. k ' . u.IKier a Diabolical Attempt to Murder. Bristol ?.,. -On Friday night a collier, named John rhomif 1 1 J of Messrs. Wayne, ef Aberdare. had eKS V? ? -"i, aim iicui faiieil

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