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PAGE FOUK THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, NOVEMBER , »JI Editorials... Deputy Sheriffs A deputy sheriff needs a wide knowledge of toth civil and criminal law to properly perform the duties of his office. Yet under the present political spoils system few deputies are in office long enough to acquire that knowledge. The Indiana Sheriffs Association at its annual ? convention this week recognized the shortcomings of the present system when it decided to sponsor legislation in the 1959 General Assembly to provide job security for deputies. Its three-point program also calls for pension rights for deputies and a benefit fund for widows and-dependent children of deputies killed in the line of duty. Deputy sheriffs should be far more carfeully selected and should be on a non-political basis, as are the state police department, the FBI and some city police departments. Career men not only can acquire a much more thorough knowledge of their duties, but will be more interested in their work. Increased efficiency would be the inevitable result. The sheriffs also should work for more realistic salary schedules for their deputies. As long _as the pay scale is lower than it is in many other occupations it will be impossible to keep qualified men even if the deputies' jobs are taken out of politics. Considering the length of time required to train a new deputy properly, it will be .more economical in the long run to make the job sufficiently attractive so that qualified men will not be lured into other lines of work. Challenge To America President Eisenhower was entirely right when he said that there was nothing in the state of the nation's defense, science and economy to warrant any "morbid pessimism." It is gratifying ti know that -the President intends to- spell out the reasons for his confidence in a series of addresses to the nation. The Soviet launching ''of Sputnik, and that event's Implications in the fields of science and military preparedness, have shaken the people of the United States more than a little. The stock market decline since Sputnik began orbiting has not helped matters. Yet it is evident that, despite these rude shocks to our equilibrium, we'still can speak to the world from a position of great strength. To a considerable extent it is true, as President Roosevelt once said in a different context, that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. . President Eisenhower's reports to the nation ought to go a long way toward alleviating fears that our economy, our defense machinery and our scientific prowess may be seriously lacking. That will be all to the good. In making his report, however, the President appears to be avoiding any temptation to suggest that all Is well and that there is nothing to worry about. All is not well. There are things to worry about. If ever there was a time when the facts about these things needed to be laid on the line, that time is now. If ever there was a time when the nation needed leadership to assess those facts and to act wisely and strongly in the light of them, that time is now. The nation is not so much lacking in confidence as it is lacking in a full understanding of the situation that now confronts us. What we need is'not a soothing "all's well,"- but a challenging call to endeavor. Events have presented the chief executive with a striking opportunity to. issue such a challenge. If he does so, the American people will surely respond to it with vigor and courage. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q—How many levels of Trojan civilization have been uncovered? A—There were nine successive Troys, one built above another. It is believed that the level Troy Vila was the Troy of the Uiad. * * # Q—Can a dog be identified by his noseprint? A—A dog's noseprint is as in- fallible for identification purposes as a human being's fingerprint. * * # Q—Under what name was the city of Naples, Italy, founded? A—When founded by thu Greeks, it was known as Pai- thenope. * * * Q--Who signed the surrender terms for Germany at the end of World War II? A—Col. Gen. Gustav Jodl, chief of staff of the German army. CARNIVAL "You don't know how 1 envy you—having a busineat of your own!". George E. SOKOLSKY These Days FALSE EVALUATION It is incomprehensible that a government with all the facilities that are available to the United States should have made such an incorrect evaluation of the place of Marshal Zhukov in the Russian government. The same error was made at the time of Stalin's death in a misappraisal of the relative positions of Malenkoy and Khrushchev and of the ultimate role of Zhukov. The same error has been made in the upgrading of Chou En-Lai in red China, ignoring the primacy of Mao ,Tze- Tung. Whoever does this evaluating of the data that come into-the State Department and . the OIA and other agencies of government apparently cannot distinguish between wishful thinging and facts, it is not merely an incorrect understanding of data~of that we might all be guilty. It is a wilful ignoring of demonstrable data - a pushing away of the inevitable to satisfy an egotistic vestment in, a position previously held and stated. IN A STRUGGLE between Zhukov and Khrushchev, it was impossible for Zhukov to win and this column has so stated for more than a year despite Washington opinion to the contrary. The reason why Zhukov could not win'is inherent in the soviet sys- ' tem, namely that the party - the communist party - must fee over and above everything in the state. The legitimate successor to the czar, according to this doctrine, is not an individual but the communist party. The downgrading of Stalin must be viewed in this perspective: .Stalin was dead; if the cult of personality persisted, the communists party would be split wide- 'Iy between pro-Stalinists and anti- Stalinists; that is between orthodox communists and revisionist communists. Such a quarrel could revive all the conflicts of the 1820's which seriously weakened Russia and which Stalin ended by his •frightful purges. KHRUSHCHEV brilliantly choked off the possibility of a revival of an ideological, quarrel within the party which could have been devasting. He downgraded Stalin; he elevated Lenin. He heaped all the errors of nearly 40 years upon the dead Stalin and he established a category of communists, namely, those who are "antiparty." For being "anti-party" even a great man be exiled from Moscow. Khrushchev makes no preten- tions of being a great man. He'is, in fact, an ordinary man. He gets drunk in public; he talks off the cuff; he even makes foolish statements. But all the time, he is building power and building it on' what, in Russia, is absolutely sound ground, namely that the party must prevail. Each country has its own way. ZHUKOV IS BEING accused of "Napoleonism." My readers may recall that I have often suggested that -he would be accused of "Napoleonism." It was inevitable because of his popularity, the plethora of medals on his breast, the praise for him out of London and Washington. • In France, the same fear exists and. although there are Frenchmen who believe that General Boulanger and General De Gaul- le might have saved France from its present disasters, the French were taking no chances. They still attribute their misfortunes to the campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte and although there was' a moment of glorious splendor between the French Revolution and the Congress of Vienna, France has 'suffered ever since. The Russian people want no "Napoleonism." And Khrushchev hurls a second sputnik in the air- this one containing a live dog and the people see that it is the party and not the army that produces sputniks. And therefore Zhukov's day is.done, _at least until Russia has to go to war again when all reserves are called out, of course. THE RUSSIANS WILL do things their way just as we. shall do as we do. The assumption that- the Russians must be like us or we must be like them is nonsense because it will not happer. that way. When President Eisenhower likens the dismissal of Zhukov to the resignation of Charles Wilson, even humorously, he is either mistaken or misinformed or confused. Our governments are not alike in any respect. When we shall have learned that lesson, we will have made tremendous progress in our relations with other countries. All hu- THE SUNDAY PHAKOS - TRIBUNE and " LOGANSPORT PRESS Published each Sunday by the Pharos-Tribunfe and Press, 517 E. 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Inland Newspaper Representatives 'Keep In Mind, You Represent Our World of Tomorrow" O WALTER W1NCHELL On Broadway Man Playing The Typewriter Odd Peter Ustinov, author-star of "Romanoff & Juliet," is the latest to scold critics . . . Nobody likes critics. Everybody loves good notices . . . Sound-A-Likcs: The new ditty! "April Love" and| Gershwin's "Bess; You Is My Wo man" from' "Por-j •gy & Bess" . . "The Cave Dwell ers" is Saroyan'i first stage opus] in 16 years . Talk about infla tion. The Automat now gets 75 ccntsi for some sandwiches Note: Chaplin gets a toothache at all his premieres . . . Trish Dwcl- ley, last month's Broadway Cinderella, knows how fragile glass slippers can be. She's jobless . . . "Till," the new tune, sounds better when Roger Williams tinkles it on the 88. The lyrics are typically corny Island . . . Gencvievc, the Frenchantrcss, wings to Venezuela so often because the owner of .Tony's there is her soon groom-to-be . . . Advance reports on Noel Coward's new show, "Nude With Violin," are sugary . . . Walda Winchell, who reconciled with the husband she started divorce proceedings against (and then final decrec'd Oct. 16), made the column a grandfather Nov. 6th. A darling daughter. Angelo PATRI Understanding Can Correct Misbehavior Simon was "new, boy" in the school. Soon after his arrival scrawled words appeared on the wails. A sharp watch proved this to be Simon's work. The teacher talked things over with the Head and they decided that Simon should become official wall washer. Accordingly Simon was appointed. He was to have charge of walls just as Tony had charge of the playroom floor. He had a badge, a bucket, cloth, powder and a brush. At set times he patrolled the halls and should a mark appear it vanished under his prompt ministrations. The walls were spotless under his reign. I have known supervisors of children and teachers in elementary schools to spend hours and hours in searching for the sinner who marked a wall, or made an unholy racket in the hall. That is a sad waste of time and energy both of which could be put to far better use. In Simon's case nothing was said to him about his being concerned in the mischief. Nobody was certain that it was -he who made the marks. He was suspected because until his appearance there had been no such marks, and they looked' like what he might do, so he was elected. His responsibility and activity helped make him feel needed and wanted in the school, something that- had not been his lot in previous experience. He thrived under the feeling o£ being important, an he was./ Often a nuisance of this sort can be managed in silence. Too much questioning, too much emphasis on the untoward act only serves to lengthen its life. A prolonged investigation is enjoyed by the boys. One passes the word to the next, mentions the fact to the supervisor of this other.lad's knowing something about.the matter. A session -with the supervisor has been known to relieve a person of a dreaded period with the geometry teacher. What is one to do when there is a series of thefts, of obscene ^rit- ings, of catcalls in quiet halls? Watch and listen.- The custodian, the trusted monitor, the alert sup- man beings are not alike and their responses to challenges are not alike. Drew PEARSON Washington Merry-Go-Round Drew Pearson Says: Russia invites American sculptors and doctors to Moscow; State Department forgets Russian who pioneers moon-travel; Dr. A. D. Alexandrov to get. visa' after newspaper interview. SAN FRANCISCO. — Out of the clear blue the other day, Benjamino Bufano, California sculptor, received a telegram from Moscow. It read: "We invite you to visit Moscow as the guest of the Soviet Government to help promote an exchange of art and culture. You will be free to travel at will through the Soviet Union. Please contact the Soviet Embassy in Washington to arrange travel details." The telegram was signed by the Russian Committee for the exchange of artists, professors, and scientists, equivalent to the "People-to-People Friendship" Committee appointed by President Eisenhower. Mr. Bufano has pioneered sculptured art in stainless steel on the 'West Coast. His statue of St. ervisor, can keep'a watch and in time .discover who is beMfeving childishly in circumstances that require more maturity of thought. When the culprit is found, the case against him clear, the Head can say, "You have done this. Can you tell me why?" The boy rarely can tell why but the experienced supervisor, listening to him, watching him as he talks or squirms in his chair, can soon tell, and go to work to remove the cause.' Malnutrition of body and mind, menta^ defect, are among the causes. Punishment never cured any of them. Understanding and sympathy accompanied by active help has. Small children do not know it is wrong to take things which do not belong to them; Dr. Patri gives his excellent advice to parents on how to deal with this situation in leaflet P-27, "Pilfering," To obtain, a copy, send 10 cents in coin to him, c/o this paper, P, O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate Inc.) HUBERT © 1937, Kiiif FeihicM Syndiale, Inc., World righli rctt • "Each night we'll draw straws to see who geta control of the TV armchair-control button!" Francis stands in ihe North Beach Catholic Church; his statue of Sun Yat-Sen in St. Mary's square; and The San Francisco Chronicle is presenting his statue of "Peace" to the municipal airport. Astutely, the Russian Government picked him for an all-expense paid vis-it to Russia. Naturally, he accepted. Red Tape & Culture Meanwhile, here is how People- To-People Friendship, announced by Eisenhower at the Geneva "Summit" Conference as the official policy of the United States, is progressing In Washington. Last April, Alvin Eurich of the Ford Foundation, returning from Russia on a survey of education, was asked by tiie State Department to come to Washington for a conference. While in Washington, Eurich asked Ambassador William Lacy, in charge of cultural exchanges behind the Iron Curtain, to permit Prof. A, D. Alexandrov, -head of the University of Leningrad, to come to Washington. Alexandrov is properly the top mathematical physicist in the world. He is the Russion scientist who is working on plans to reach the moon, and has stated publicly that it will be quite feasible to place fin observation platform on the moon. Ambassador Lacy asked Eurich to -write him a letter, which Eurich did on May 20. In it he again told how Professor Alexandrov desired to come to the United States, and outlined how such a visit could benefit American scientists. As of this writing, Eurich had no reply to that .letter. He did get one telephone call from the State Department in June. "Do you know what's involved in bringing Dr. Alexandrov to the United States?" asked W. Paul O'Neill, a member of the State Department Office on Cultural Exchange. "Would you be prepared to meet him and accompany him every place in the United States?" Eurich said that he would be prepared to meet Alexandrov but could not accompany him every place in the United States as he had other commitments. . "Would you be prepared to have a responsible person meet him at every airport?" asked O'Neill. "Yes, I would." "Would you be prepared to have a responsible person accompany him on any train?" Eurich replied in the affirmative. "May I then invite him?" Eurich asked "Yes," said O'Neill. "But we are not yet prepared to issue a visa." "Then I'm not going, to .embarrass Dr. Alexandrov. by inviting him and having him wait -for a visa which might not arrive," said Eurich. Stale; Department Forgot He ' was so right. As of this •week, Dr. Alexandrov had not received the visa and had not been invited. This despite the fact that Alexandrov had shown Eurich the Russian Cyclotron and everything else in the University of Lenin-' grad laboratories. Furthermore, since Russia seoms to be far ahead of us in developing the Sputnik and other means of space travel,, it would appear that Dr. Alexandrov could steal no secrets from the United States, while American scientists might benefit from 'talking with him. Learning these facts, I telephoned Mr. O'Neill at the. State Department. He did not remember an "Alexandrov" and seemed completely vague regarding any application for his visit. He said he would have to look' the matter up. I also called Ambassador Lacy. He v did remember Dr. Alexandrov, but he didn't recall that permission had been asked for his entry into the United States. Thirty minutes after my phone call,-however, Mr. O'Neill not on Talented Joanne Woodward, who made stardom in Nunnally Johnson's "Three Faces of Eve." attracted 20th Century-Fox attention while understudying in Broadway's "Picnic" . . . Bing recorded "Don't Be Afraid" before eloping •with Texas beaut Kalhy . . . Giving Texans something else to brag about . . Joni James 1 memo on Bob Hope being fired by his watch sponsor for helping Sinatra start his new bv season: "Don't they know how to tell big time?" . . . The movie biz is like this: Loew's grossed $172 million last year. Netted 5 ... All those flickers about reluctant-to-fight sheriffs are echoes of "High Noon" . , . Time mag's movie critic has declared war on Elvis . . . Mike Connolly's line: "Jack Benny says reaching sixty is exercise enough!" Billy Reed, the Little Club landlord, recalls the Runyon Fund- Gillette pony contest in which children were gifted with Shetland thoroughbreds for many weeks via our microphones. Reed sends this clipping from the' column of April 27th, 1953: "Yesterday's 2nd pony went to.the Hollander kindergarten (for colored children) near Little Rock, Ark." . , . Gov. Faubus, by the way, is reported sick. •Someone prob'ly sent him Lena Home's rave notices . . . Cary Grant's groan: "Try making love to someone you can barely say hello to, at 9 in the morning, in full evening dress, with a-crew of a hundred-or-so hardboiled guys watching" . . . Helen O'Connell's "No More Tears To Cry" is juk- ey-doke . . . Most exciting feature of the "Slaughter On Tenth Avenue" cinema is the title music. A Richard Rodgers classic . . . E. Kovacs' skeleton: He once did a col'm. important words: I am proud of you . . . The four most important: What is your opinion? . . . Th« 3 ditto: If you please. . . The two ditto: Thank you? ... The least important word: I . . .News item: "in the rocket race the U. S. running into money trouble" . . . Yeah, it doesn't have a U. S. to borrow from . . ."Compulsion" is not one of the shows you can easily dismiss. H follows your conscience home . . . Signorma Hasina's portrait of "Cabiria" illustrates what makes acting an art ... Variety's neat word: Terrorvision" . . . Phillip Wylie, who once scored "Momism," coos like a mama (about the delight of children) in McCall's . . .Recommended: Hitchcock's: "Stories They Wouldn't Let Me Do on TV" . . . June Allyson's trim torso fits into her 8-year-old daughter's blue jeans . '. . Not many actors know the legal limit of a contract with an agent is 3 years. L. B. Mayer once explained the secret of his success: "I never made a movie I wouldn't want my mother to sec" ... All Marion Brando asks producers (1'or star- ding in a film) is 85 percent of the profits . . . Lana Turner was born a redhead, won fame as a blonde, is ackchclly a brunette ... If you enjoy a hippety-hoppy tune listen to "Classy Babe" . . . Leslie Caron, the star, is a smartie. Invesled scads of her movie money in New York real estate . . . Joan Crawford's pretty image, Christina, brightened the tv screen. Resembles Grace Kelly . . . This Rita Hayworth fan protests the unflattering views of the star in "Pal Joey" . . . Gune Kelly is one of Girltown's few all-around- wonders. He has clicked as a hoofer, actor, director and choreographer. Hipsters have shelved "That's the Way the Cookie Crumbles" for "That's the Way the Mop Flops." We feel sorry for U>c police looking for Anastasla's killers. Looking for two unknowns along Broadway —where there are so many . . . The Mellow-Larks never enjoyed a recording hit, but arc all over the tv dial. They just got $20,000 for one singing commcrshill . . Bob Hope and Ken Murray were exchanging quins on napkins in a restaurant. To which Army Arch- crd chuckled: "The laundry man should have a good act!" . . . Natalie Wood's chums call her tiger . . . Jack Paar's disclosure that he shelved school in the 10th grade reminds us of the note to the editor of the Satevepost: "Because of his lack of schooling, Gaorge Raft is unable to reply to the many letters he received"... Overheard at Lindy's: "Zhukov found out thai one day you're on top—the next you're on bottom" . . . "Yeah, it's just like being a tccvce star." The sputnik achievement reminds us of a newcast Secy, of Defense Forreslal suggested (in 1948) because he was concerned about a phrase sweeping the nation: "Oh, I suppose we will have a war with Russia one day, but have they the know-how?" ... Mr. Forrestal told us about two Red pilots, who non-stopped from Russia to Muroc Field in California . .f ."Know- how? A year later they did it again. Now with the new route (headed) over the pole, they can do it in half the time and the first American frontier city would be Minneapolis" . . .Following that broadcast our editors in Minneapolis rapped us hard editorially •under the title: "Winchellitis." N. A. Bailey, dean of American University's School of Business, sums up how to maintain good human relations. The five most the telephone to Mr. Eurich in New York to tell him that Dr. Alexandrov was. now cordially invited to visit the United States. Note: Dr. Alexandra? visited Canada last month, but, unable to come to the United States, went all the way back to Russia. Merry-Go-Round Another prominent American given a free trip to Russia was Prof. Selman Waksman, Jiead of Rutgers University Microbiology Department and the pioneer of streptomycin. Some of his staff have also' been invited . . .Three expert Republicans spent several weeks in New Jersey trying to swing that state away from Governor Meyner—Ab Hermann of the Republican National Committee; Lou Guylay, former Public Relations Director of the Republican National Committee; and Bernard Shanley, the White House assistant . . .They were driving to make New Jersey the answer to Wisconsin . . .The Negro vote, expected to go Republican as a result of Little Rock, stuck pretty much with the Democrats in both New York and New Jersey. Though NAACP leaders are close to Nixon,-the bulk of Negro voters, at least in the North, still seem to remember who helped them most in depression days whispers have started among some Nixonites that Ike should resign after 1958. It's not likely to happen. Desl A^naz, reminiscing about the first "I Love tucy" program (6 years ago), told Leo Guild that it was panned . . . Steve Sondheim, who did the rhyming for "West Side Story," has a millionaire fadder . . . Broadwayiies are being picked up for questioning in the Anastasia murder because their names were found in gangster address books . . . Imperial Records guaranteed Grace Kelly $200,000 to cut an album . . . Rowan & Martin, who romped into the high brackets following a column-plug, suspect that the Uni- versal-Int'l studio brass are happy about their initial picture, "Once Upon a Horse" . . . "They just- sent us a commissary pass!" . . . Slogan of a has-been movie queen: "Better late, late show than never" . . . Russian scientists are concentrating on more powerful satellites: Too many of ours are busy bettering ciggie filters . .' . 'The "mysterious" object that frightened some Texans when it suddenly appeared (and darkened their headlights and stopped motors) was a scene in a science-hor- . ror film which flopped at the B'way Palace last June. Trip To Moon Possible But It Isn't Cheap SAN ANTONIO, Tex. Wl — Dr. Alan T. Waterman, director of the National Science Foundation, today said a trip to the moon is possible—if the American people decide they want to spend tremendous sums of money for such a project. He took part in a symposium at the Southwest Research Insli- tude's conference on "Science in the Next Decade.", Dr. Waterman said the trip would take about 10 hours, and the first trip could be a landing or simply circling the moon and returning. "If we want to beat the Russians to the moon, do we want to do so badly enough to spend the millions of dollars that might instead profitably be invested in a half dozen other promising lines of scientific inquiry?" he asked. Dr. Waterman said that under conditions as we now know them, flights to the two nearest planets, Venus and Mars, would tak« years rather than hours. Arkansas is one of the most important sources of cinnabar (the ore from which quicksilver is made! in the United State*.