Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on March 14, 1891 · Page 2
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March 14, 1891

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 2

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Logansport, Indiana
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Saturday, March 14, 1891
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ROLLING IN STALL. A Device Thiit Is Sure to Cure Horses of Thin Vicious Ilnblt. Some time ago I noticed a half humorous account of the experience of two elderly Indies in buying- a horse -which had"the had habit of rolling in its stall. Invariably when the horse ' attempts this ho gets -f.ast." 1 laving- had some experience with an animal so . inclined, and having successfully solved : the question how to prevent the ocenr: rcnce, I will explain my plan. Properly to use the device requires a •tout leather halter with a metal ring securely fastened to the top directly between the animal's ears. A stout leather strap is firmly fastened overhead, so CHEAP SMOKEHOUSE. A Now One Gun Bo Had Whenever There In Occasion for Use. I have noted hundreds of smokehouses, from the hollow log to the elegant brick affair, muffing in price from a dollar Or two to a- hundred or two dollars: and have seen nothing in my experience that would compare favorably, either in utility or economy, with the kind I invented and have used for vears. It is easily constructed and so cheap that any family can have a new clean one every Lime there is necasion for use. A large clean sugar or suit barrel is placed on a box that is wide enough for the ban-el to .stand on clear of the edges of box and twice as long (or more) as wide, and eight to twelve inches high. Three or four auger holes •foat it will hang about where the head o"f the animal would be when lying down. To the end of the strap a good snap is fixed. The strap should be put long enough to allow the horse's nose to touch the. floor when the snap is hooked in the ring on the top of the halter. With this arrangement the animal can lie down comfortably but cannot lay its head on the floor, and consequently cannot well get cast. This tic was originated through necessity. It may not be new but I have yet to meet the person who ever used it. I have imparted the knowledge to many, but I think it has never been published. It invariably cures a horse of rolling.— Eugene Starkweather, in Country Uen- Heman. _ COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS. They Should Be Scattered Over the Surface as Early as Possible. One of the principal advantages in using commercial fertilizers is, that if of a good quality they are usually more readily soluble. In order to be of immediate benefit to the growing plants it is necessary that the plant food be soluble. On the average f ar»n it is difficult to At manure enough from the stock, and if the fertility of the soil is to be kept tip and at the same time good crops •made, it will be necessary to use some green crops as a manure, and with- some crops it will be found an advan- ta"-e to use more- or less commercial manures. This is perhaps more especially the case with land that lias been cropped for several years without ma- nuring. A better growth and yield of wheat is often secured by broadcasting 200 or 800 pounds of good fertilizer. Care- .should be taken to scatter 'as early a? possible over the surface. This work can be done at any time now with gooo, results. Commercial fertilizers are well adapted to grasslands, especially when well- rotted barn manure is hard to get. "With meadows, the garden and the potato patch, it is not advisable, to use -fresh or coarse manure, and when well- rotted manure cannot be had readily commercial fertilizers can be used to pood advantage. With meadows and all small garden crops the better plan is to apply broadcast and then work into the surface. There is no necessity for working deep into the soil With potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage and the class of plants that are usually grown- in hills, the more' economical plan is to apply the fertilizer in the hill. —St Louis Republic. GARDEN AND FARM. IT is better to grow fifty bushels of corn on one acre than two. A SHADE tree should never be taken irorn a dense forest, and be set out in the spring. BY keeping the fruit trees trimmed well .when small less pruning will be needed later. IT is an important item to have good teams on the farm if the work is done in good season. , IN planting., trees for a windbreak, care should be taken to get those that nave & close-growing habit. IT is a wise plan for fruit-growers to f invest in new varieties in order to test their, value in that locality. IF manure is an item, it is of more ; V nortanee to save the liquids than the guilds. Use plenty of absorbents. THE improved breeds of stock have made farming more desirable as well as more profitable, at least in a majority of cases. iABGE seeds are better than small, for the reason that they furnish a muti larger amount of nutriment to the young plant. IT is for the farmers to see that the agricultural colleges and experiment stations are properly rim, and to aid in running 1 them. To Strengthen Weak Flower Stems. Helen Warburden, according to the Michigan Farmer, advises the use of a solution of sulphate of iron to give jj& strength to weak flower stems. Many taU-°-rOWing plants like roses, carnations and fuchsias have such weak stems they are unable to support the large full flowers, and must be staKed, and the supports are by no means a craceful adjunct. Water the plants with a weak solution of the sulphate •when the buds are beginning to grow. The color and beauty of the flowers are enhanced by its use; and there is little danger of injury unless the .application i» too strong. must first be bored through the box on the end where the barrel stands, to allow the smoke to coine through. Strong wire nails are to be driven through from inside close to top of barrel. Place the barrel on the box over the holes and chink tight with clean clay mud around the bottom - of barrel. Box stands on the ground. Hang your nhams on the wire nails, some with short string, others with long ones, if you wish to utilize all the space in the ban-el. Place a strong clean paper or canvas over the top of the barrel and enough gunny sacks or blankets can be added to keep the smoke in. A depression should be made in the ground under the front end of the box, so that when the fire is made up on a piece of sheet or tin, the whole can be shoved under the box. Leave the fire close to the front end of the box. A half head of a barrel can be crowded down by the end of the box, closing the fire hole when the loose earth is banked around it. The cut shows the half head in place. With this contrivance you need only-to have the smallest possible amount of fire and yet owing to the construction, the smoke is bound to be reasonably cool even if there is considerable fire. If one is afraid thieves will carry off hams, smokehouse and all,.cut a. hole, in the front end of the box to put the fire through, and place the smokehouse on the cellar floor. Very little inconvenience is experienced from the .smoke, if a little care is exercised in ventilating cellar.— Cor. Ohio Farmer. NOTES ON GRAFTING. NITROGEN IN Iv'.UCK An Intt-rcstlns: Question Viewed from Two DLstluct Standpoints. Many of my fellow farmers have little faith in the assertion of the chemist that muck contains nitrogen, when air- dry, sometimes three times as much as an equal bulk of average barn manure. A little consideration will convince us that it would be more wonderful should mjick -not contain nitrogen than that it does. What is muck? The partially decomposed remains of trees,. shrubs, grasses. Xow, we all know that nitrogen entered into the composition of all of these when they were alive: why, then, should it not exist in their remains'? H not there, then it must either have passed" off into the air or •been washed down into the soil and disappeared in the drainage. To have disappeared in either of these ways, it would be necessary that the vegetable remains should be thoroughly decomposed; whereas, owing largely to the presence of water, decomposition has taken place to but a limited degree: they are in a partially carboni/.ed condition, near the Iminus stage, when the plant food elements, being in an inert condition, are securely held, being neither soluble in water nor volatile, and therefore liable to pass oft' into the air. The coldness of water-saturated soil is a check on the chemical changes which are necessary to change raw material into plant food. By draining such soils we remove the excess of water, and by tillage we admit the air and warmth, when these chemical changes begin, which, helped by the fermentive action of barn manure, or by that of potash in a caustic form, as it exists in unleachcd wood ashes, convert the inert nitrogen into plant food. Let us look at the matter from another standpoint. Muck and barn manure are each but the residuum of plants, and more or less of the same plants! In their passage through the bodies of animals nothing is added to them; on the contrary, about one- fourth of their elements are taken to sustain the vitality of the animals, promote their growth, and, in the case of cows, to make their milk. If, then, we find nitrogen in the manure of animals, even after one-fourth of that which exists in the plants _is absorbed into the bodies of the animals, it obviously follows that the same elements, plus the one-fourth, must exist in the plants themselves before they are free. Different lots of muck vary considerably in the percentage of nitrogen they contain. This is explained by the fact that they differ in the degree of decomposition in the different deposits, and in part also by the difference in original composition of the different plants growing on the deposits,—.7. ,T. H. Gregory, in Country Gentleman. Vronrterfully Smart Cow. Westville, Ind., has a cow which quenches her thirst at the village pump, tossing the handle of the pump with her horns°until sufficient watsr flows for her needs. . BUTTER is not improved any by kee'p- ing. Hence tie sooner it is got^ into the consumer's hands the more likely he will be to be pleased with it. The important ^t purifying tlie Wood cannot be overestimated, lor without pure blood you cannot enjoy good health. At this season nearly every ono needs a. good medicine to purify, vitalize, and enrich the blood, and we ask you to try Hood's n ~,,i;->i' Sarsaparilla. Itstrengthens r6CUliar an( i builds up the system, creates an appetite, and tones tlie digestion, while it eradicates disease. The peculiar combination, proportion, and preparation of the vegetable remedies used give to Hood's Sarsaparilla peeul- T_ Ifo olf iar curative powers.' No « u ' LOCI ' other mcdicinehas such a record of wonderful cures. If you have made up your mind to buy Hood's Sarsaparilla do not be induced to take any other instead. It is a Peculiar Medicine, and is worthy your confidence. Hood's Sarsaparilla is sold oyall druggists. Prepared by C, I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass, IOO Doses One Dollar P[NE-APPLE SIRUP FOR YOUR COUGHS, COLDS, ASTHMA AND It Is unexcelled a8 a CROUP REMEDY, So pleasant that children cry for it. Cures all Throat, Lung and Bronchial troubles, and is pleasant, positive and PERFECT. For sale toy J. F Coulson & Co.. febSd&\v3m '•From the fullness ot the heart the mouth speaketh/' hence fair and high-minded people everywhere delight in speaking the praise of those who, or the things which, are essentially good. Out of thousands of written testimonials to the worth and merits of the Americanized Encyclopedia Britanni2a we append a few from well- known and respected Chicago men. We t>elieve •we have a • thorough The BcnVffimo to perform the Operation Is Early Spring. An Illinois subscriber asks how to graft apple and plum trees, what land of wax to use, and the best time to do the work. There are different modes of grafting, known as "wedge," "whip," side graitr in"-, 'Cte. Wedge grafting consists in sawing off the stock to be .grafted and shaping the cion or graft like a wedge, splittin"-the sawed-off stock an inch or two, and inserting the wedge-shaped graft, being careful that the bark of the graft is exactly opposite the bark of the stock. If the stock is more than an inch in diameter it is customary to put in two grafts, one on each edge or side of the stock where split. The whip graft is used for small stocks that are the same thickness as the cions to be used. The stock and cion are cut with a similar slope (opposite), an inch or more in length. In order to keep them in place until the wax or'wax cloth is put on it is well to cut a "tongue" in the center of each, so when placed together the cion will keep in place, the tongues being interlocked. This system is mostly used in root grafting. _ Whichever system of grafting is used it is necessary, after the cion has been attached to the stock, to cover with some adhesive substance. The. most common is grafting wax, which may be obtained at most seed stores. If quantity is wanted it may be made in the following manner: Take four pounds resin, three pounds beeswax and two pounds tallow; heat and mix thoroughly. The object of the wax is to exclude air and water, so it must be applied over the end of the cut-off stock as well as around the sides. It is often convenient to have the cloth which is wound about jhe stalk and cion dipped in the wax and torn into strips as used. Thin calico or muslin is the proper cloth to use. . . The best time to do grafting is in tne spring before the leaves come out.— Farm, Field and Stockman.^ FARM AND GARDEN. WHEN you find a bull to head your herd that suits you, buy him. Don't quibble over a few dollars. SOMETIMES a cow that gives plenty of milk .is not worth keeping. Quality has quite as much to do with profit as ^Cun IFI-OWEE should have a strong, rich soil, which should be liberally ma- nured with good fermented manure. I- is planted in early spring and should have a. moist location. THE cost of a'quart.of milk at the 'New Hampshire station averaged, for the herd 2.74 cents. The best cow on ™od feed made milk for 1.59; rmlK fOT- the poorest cow on the same food cost 4.S6. Danger Threatens every man, woman or child living in a region of country where fever"and ague is prevalent, since the gjrmri of malarial disease are inhaled from the air and are swallowed from the water of such aregioo. Medicinal safeguard is absolutely necessary' to nullify this danger. As a means of fortifying: and acclimating the system so as "to be able to resist the malarial poison, Hostetter's Stomach Bitters is incomparable the best and the most popular. • Irregularities of the stomach liver and bjwels encourage malaria; but these are speedily rectified by the Bitters. The functions of digestion and secretion are assisted by its use. and a vigorous as well as regular constitution of the system promoted by it.' Constitution and physique are thus defended against the inroads of malaria by this matchless preventive, which is also a certain and thorough remedy in the worst cases of intermittent and remittent fevers. tolS of all ! the ins and outs of newspaper advertising, Ptained in an experience of successful business; ~Vf& liave the test equipped office, by far Advertising Bureau, placing contracts and verifying their fulfillment and unrivaled facilities in all '-.pa.rtm.onts for careful and intelligent service. We offer our services to all Trho spending newspaper . comprehensive as too inost convenient . ton Attractive and Promising inveshnants DR. J. MILLER & SONS—Gents: I can speak in the highest praise of yourVegetableExpectorant. I was told by my physician that I should never be better; 'my case was very alarming I had a' hard cough, difficulty in breathing, and had been spitting; blood at times for six weeks. I commenced using the Expectorant and got immediate relief in breathing. I soon begun to get better, and in a short time 1 was entirely cured, and I now think my lungs are sound.—Mrs. A. E Turner- dec7d&w6m Randolph, Mass. Rucklt-nV AriiK-n.Suite. The Beat Salve In t!ie world tor Cuts, Bruises. Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, bever Sores, Tetter. Channed Hands. Chilblains Corns, and all Sun Eruptions, and positively cures Pile.', or no pv rwinlred Ills guarai.teed to Rive perfect sat- Son, or raonry refunded. Price k cente per box. FOE SALE BI B. F. Keesling. (W Miles' IServi- n» tivcr Pills. An important discovery. They act on tlie liver, storoachanrt bowels throw* the nerves. Anew prindple They speedily cure biliousness, tad tnste, torpid liver, piles and constipation Splendid for men, women and children. Smallest mildest, surest. SO doses lor 25 cents. Samples tree at B. J?. Keesling's. 1 Biliousness, constipatioa, torpid liver, etc., cured by Miles' Nerve and Liver Pills. Free samples at B. F. Keesling's. 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PEE3?AK£D ONLY BY Klincli Catarrh & Bronchial Remedy Co, 82 JARKS-" ST., CHICAGO. IU- ' The Hon. Frank Baker, Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County, says: ••In some respects it is a vast improvement over the English Britaanica. The English edition contains no biographies of eminent Americans or Englishmen now living, and the biographies of those who are dead are less complete. These deficiencies are remedied in the Americanized edition,- making it an. invaluable compead of facts absolutely essential to historical information- I consider it a most valuable book in any way you look at it. For the man who waDts% book of reference for use I consider it invaluable. It is also a marvel of "cheapness and an indispensable auxilary to every library." Lvrnan J. Ga^e, President World's Columbian Exposition " ^dvice president of the First National Bank, say: "The movement inaugurated to supply the people with the Americanized Encyclopaedia Britannica % a marked indication of an advance in the intellectual taste of the community. L Under the easy conditions of purchase of the work it ought to be in every library, however humble.' 1 From the Chicago Herald: -•The Americanized Encyclopaedia Britannica is a magnificent and valuable possession for every household. It presents for the first time a complete reference library at a price and on terms within reach of every family. Prom Colonel Geo. Davis, Director General of the World's Fair: /•The work is a most praiseworthy undertaking. Any legitimate method by which the people are presented an opportunity for the purchase at a reasonable cost of works of standard literature or works of importance « th* means of acquiring a practical and substantial education deserves the fullest possible recognition. The Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica appears to hi met the requirements in all respects. I commend the work wna pleasure." E. St. John, General Manager of the Rock Island Rail- Road System, Kxpre-es his conclusions in the following direct and emphatic language: , -The '-emarkable enterprise in offering to the public on terms so inviting - a work of such merit as the Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica can but .result in benefit to every person securing it. The Encyclopedia needs no commendation. Every t age speaks for itself and attests its value. 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