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PAGE FOUR RE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and 1OGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, NOVEMBER , Editorials... Deputy Sheriffs A deputy sheriff needs a. wide knowledge of both civil and criminal law to properly perform the duties of his office. Yet under the present political spoils system few deputies are in office long enough" to acquire that knowledge. The Indiana Sheriffs Association at its annual convention this week recognized the shortcomings of the present system when it decided to sponsor • legislation in the 1959 General Assembly to provide job security for deputies. Its three-point program also calls for pension rights for deputies and a benefit fund for widows and dependent children of deputies killed in the line of duty. Deputy sheriffs should be far more carfeully. selected and should be on a non-political basis, as are the state police department, the FBI and some city police departments. Career men not only can acquire a much more thorough knowledge of their duties, but will be more interested in their work. Increased efficiency would be the inevitable result. The sheriffs also should work for more realistic salary schedules for their deputies. As_long as the pay scale is lower than it is in many other occupations it will be impossible to k;eep qualified men even if the deputies' jobs are taken out of politics. Considering the length .of time required to train a new deputy properly, it will be more economical in the long run to make the job sufficiently attractive so that qualified men will not be lured into other lines of work. Challenge To America President Eisenhower was entirely right when he said that there was nothing in the state of the nation's defense, science and economy to warrant any "morbid pessimism." It is gratifying ti know that the President intends to spell out the reasons for his confidence in a series of addresses to the nation. The Soviet launching of Sputnik, and that event's Implications in the fields-of science and military preparedness, have shaken the people of the United States more than a little. The stock market decline since Sputnik began orbiting has not helped matters. Yet it is evident that, despite these rude shocks to our equilibrium, we still can speak to the world ' from a position of great strength. To a considerable extent it is true, as President Koosevelt once 'said in a different context, that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. President Eisenhower's reports to the nation ought to go a long way toward-alleviating fears that our economy, our defense machinery and our scien-r tific prowess may be seriously lacking. That will be all to the good. In making his report, however, the President appears to be avoiding any temptation' to suggest that all is well and that there is nothing to worry about. All is not well. There are things to worry about. If ever there was a time when the facts about these things needed to be laid on the line, that time is now. If ever there was a time when the nation needed leadership to assess those facts and to act wisely and strongly in the light of them, that time is now. The nation is not so much lacking in confidence as it is lacking in a full understanding of the situation that now confronts us. What we need is not a soothing "all's well," but a challenging call to endeavor. Events have presented the chief executive with a striking opportunity to issue such a challenge. If he does so, the American people will surely respond to it with vigor and courage. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q—How many levels of Trojan civilization have been uncovered? A—There were nine successive .Troys, one built above another. •It is believed that the level Troy Vila was the Troy of the Iliad. * * * Q—Can a dog be identified by 'his noseprint? A—A dog's noseprint is as in- fallible for identification purposes as a human' being's fingerprint. * * * Q—Under what name was the city of Naples, Italy, founded? A—When founded by the Greeks, it was known as Par- thenope. * * * Q—Who signed the surrender terms for Germany at the end of World War H? A—Col. Gen. Gustav Jodl, chief of staff of the German army. CARNIVAL KTADRANT/ T.M. a«S- U- s - C»*- Off> f) t«7 tty HEA >«r>rct. ••You don't know how I envy you—having a business of your own!" George E. SOKOLSKY These Days FALSE EVALUATION It is incomprehensible that a government with all the facilities that are available to the United States should have made such an incorrect evaluation of the place of Marshal Zhukov in the Russian government. The same error was made at the time of Stalin's death in a misappraisal of the' relative positions of Malenkov and Khrushchev and of the ultimate role of Zhukov. The same error has been made in the upgrading of Chou En-Lai in red China, ignoring the primacy of Mao Tze- Tung. Whoever does this evaluating of the data that come into the State Department and the OIA and other agencies of government apparently- cannot distinguish between wishful thinging and facts. it is not merely an incorrect understanding of data--bf that we might • all be guilty. It is a wilful ignoring of demonstrable data — a pushing away • of the inevitable to satisfy an egotistic vestment in a position previously held and stated. ON A STRUGGLE between Zhukov arid Khr.ushchev,. it was impossible for Zhukov to win and this column has so stated for more than a year despite Wash T ington opinion to the contrary. .The reason why Zhukov could not win is inherent in the soviet system, namely that the party - the communist party — must be over and above everything in the state. The legitimate successor to the czar> according, to this doctrine, is not an individual but the communist party. The downgrading of Stalin must be viewed in this perspective:. Stalin was dead; if the cult of personality persisted, the communists party would be split widely between .pro-Stalinists, and anti- Stalinists; that is between orthodox communists and revisionist communists. Such a quarrel could revive all the conflicts of the lS20's which seriously weakened Russia and which Stalin ended by his frightful purges. KHRUSHCHEV brilliantly choked off the possibility of a revival of an ideological quarrel within the party which could have been devasting. He downgraded Stalin; he elevated Lenin. He heaped all the errors of nearly 40 years upon the dead Stalin and he established a category of communists, namely, those who are "antiparty." For being "anti-party" even a great man be exiled from Moscow. Khrushchev makes no preten- tions of being a great man. He. is, in fact, an ordinary man. He gets drunk in public; he talks off the cuff; he even makes foolish state-' ments. But all the time be is building power and building it on what, in Russia, is absolutely sound ground, namely that the party must prevail. Each country has- its .own. way. ' ZHUKOV,IS BEING accused of "Napoleonism." My readers may recall that I have often suggested that he would be accused of '.'Napoleonism." It was inevitable because of his popularity, the plethora of medals on his breast, the praise for him out of London and Washington. In France, ttie same fear exists and although" there are Frenchmen who believe that General Boiflanger and General De Gaul- le' might-have saved France from its present disasters, the French were taking no chances. They still attribute their misfortunes to the campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte and although there was a moment of glorious splendor between the French Revolution and the Congress of Vienna, France has suffered ever since. The Russian people want no "Napoleonism." And Khrushchev hurls a second sputnik in the.air- this -one containing a live dog and the people see that it is the party and not the army that produces sputniks. And therefore Zhukov's day is done, at.least until Russia has to go to war again when all reserves are called out, of course. 'i THE RUSSIANS WILL do things their way just as we shall-do as' we do. The assumption that the Russians must be like us or we must be like them is nonsense because it will not happen that way^. When President Eisenhower likens, the dismissal of 'Zhukov to the resignation of Charles Wilson, 'even humorously, he is either mistaken or misinformed or confused. Our governments are not alike in any respect. When we shall have learned that lesson, we will have made tremendous progress in our relations with other countries. All hu- THE SUNDAY PHAROS - TRIBUNE ' and LOGANSPORT PRESS Published each Sunday by th« Pharos-Tribune and Press, 517 E. Broadway. Logansport,. Indiana. Entered as second class mail at •the Postoffice at Logansport, Indiana, under the act of Marchi 8, 1879. The Pharos-Tribune-est. 1844 The Press-est. 1921 The Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Losansport Pross, lOc per copy. The Pharos-Tribune, evenings and Sunday. 35c per week by carrier. The Eogransporc Press, morning-s and Sunday. 35c per week by carrier. The Pharos-Tribune, the Logansport Press, and the Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Logansport Press. G5c per week by carrier. By mail on rural routes in Cass, Carroll. Pulton, Pulaski, Miami and White counties, each paper Jlfl.OD .per year. Outside .trading area and within Indiana, $11.00 per. year: outside Indiana', S1S.OO per. year. All- maiL subscriptions payable In advance. No mail subscriptions sold where carrier service is •maintaine'l. National Advertislnr Representatives: Inland Newspaper Representatives 'Keep tn Mind, You Represent Our World of Tomorrow" 70 S&U Al>£ ALOfT WALTER WINCHELL On Broadway Man Playing The Typewriter Odd Peter Ustinov, author-»t«r of "Romanoff * Juliet," ii the latest to icold critics . . . Nobody likei critlci. Everybody bnef good notice) . . . Smud-A-IJkei: The new di "April Love" Gerehwta't " You Is My Woman" from "Pi gy Ic Beu "The Cave Dwell erg" it Saroyan'i first itage in 16 yean Talk about Infla tlon. The Autom now get* 75 o for tome sandwiches Note: Chaplin get* a toothache at all his premieres . . . Trish Dwelley, last month's Broadway Cinderella, knows .how fragile glats clippers can be. She'i jobless . . . "Till," Hie new tune, sounds better when Roger Williams tinkles It on the 88. The lyrlos are typically corny Island . . . Genevleve, the Frenchantress, wings to Venezuela *o often because the owner of .Tony's there is her soon groom-to-be . . . Advance reports on Noel Coward's new show, "Nude With Violin," are sugary . . .1 Walda Wlnchell, who reconciled with the husband she started divorce proceedings against (and then final decree'd Oct. 16), made the column a grandfather Nov. 6th. A darling daughter. Angelo PATRI Understanding Can Correct Misbehavior Simon was "new boy" in the school. Soon after his arrival scrawled words appeared on the wails. A sharp watch proved this to be Simon's work. The teacher talked things over with the Head and they decided that Simon should become official wall washer. Accordingly Simon was appointed. He was to have charge of walls just as Tony had charge of the playroom floor. He had a badge, a bucket, cloth, -powder and a brush. At set times he patrolled the halls and should a mark ap-' pear it vanished under his prompt ministrations. The walls were spotless under his reign. I have known supervisors of children and teachers in elementary schools to spend hours and hours in searching for the sinner who marked a wall, or made an unholy racket in the hall. That is a sad waste of time and energy both of which could be put to far .better use. In Simon's case nothing was said to him about his being concerned in the mischief. Nobody was certain that it was he who made the marks. He was suspected because until his appearance there had been no such marks, and they -looked like what he might do, so he was elected. His responsibility, and activity helped make him feel needed and wanted in the school, something that had not been his lot in previous experience. He thrived un-. der the feeling of being important, an he was. _ . Often a nuisance of this? sort can be managed, in silence. Too much questioning, too much emphasis on the untoward act only serves' to lengthen its life. A prolonged investigation is enjoyed' by the boys. One passes the word to the next, mentions the fact to the supervisor of this other lad's knowing something about the matter. A session'with the supervisor, has been known to relieve a person of a dreaded period with the geometry teacher. . . What is one to do when there is a series of thefts, of obscene •'writings; of catcalls in quiet, halls? Watch and listen. The custodian, the trusted monitor; the alert sup- man beings are not alike and their responses to challenges are not alike. Drew PEARSON Washington Merry-Go-Round Drew Pearson Says: Russia invites American sculptors and doctors to Moscow; State Department forgets Russian who pioneers moon-travel; Dr. A. D. Alexandrov to get visa after newspaper interview. SAN FRANCISCO. — Out of the clear blue the other day, Benjamino Bufano, California sculptor, received a telegram from Moscow. It read: "We invite you to visit Moscow as the guest of the Soviet Government to help promote an exchange of art and culture. You will be free to travel at will through the Soviet, Union. Please contact the Soviet Embassy in Washington to arrange travel details." The telegram was signed by the Russian Committee for the exchange of artists, professors, and scientists, equivalent to the "People-to-People Friendship" Committee appointed by President Eisenhower. Mr. Bufano has pioneered sculptured art in stainless steel on the West Coast. His statue of St. ervisor, can keep a watch and in time discover who is behaving childishly in circumstances that require more maturity of thought. When the culprit is found, the case against him clear, the Head can say, "You have done this. Can you tell me why?" The boy rarely can tell why but the experienced supervisor, listening to him, watching him as he talks or s'quirms in his chair, can soon tell, and go to work to remove the cause. Malnutrition of body and mind, mental defect, are among the causes. Punishment never cured any -of them. Understanding and sympathy accompanied by active help has. Small children do not know it .is wrong to take things which do not belong to them. Dr. Patri gives his excellent advice to parents on how to deal with this situation in leaflet P-27, "Pilfering." To obtain, a copy, send 10 cents in, coin to him, c/o this paper, P. Q. Box 99, Station G> New York 19, N. Y. .(Released by The Bell Syndicate Inc.) HUBERT © 1937, K&t F«lum Syn&itt, Inc., Wotii tijhtt moved. "Each night we'll draw straws to see who gets control of the TV armchair-control button!" Francis stands in the North Beach Catholic Church: his statue of Sun Yat-Sen in St. Mary's square; and The San Francisco Chronicle is presenting his statue of "Peace" to the municipal airport. Astutely, the Hussian Government picked him for an all-expense paid visit to Russia. Naturally, he accepted. Red Tape t Culture Meanwhile, here is how People- To-People Friendship, announced by Eisenhower at the Geneva "Summit" Conference as the official policy of the United States, is progressing In Washington. Last April, Alvin Eurich of the Ford Foundation, returning from Russia on a survey of education, was asked by the State Department to come to Washington for a conference. While in Washington, Eurich asked Ambassador William Lacy, in charge of cultural exchanges behind the Iron Curtain, to permit Prof. A. D. Alexandrov, head of the University' of Leningrad, to come to Washington. Alexandrov is properly the top mathematical physicist in the world. He is the Hussion scientist who is working on plans to reach the moon, and has stated publicly that it will be quite feasible to place an observation platform on the moon. , Ambassador Lacy asked Eurich to write him a letter, which Eurich did on May 20. In-it he again told how Professor Alexandrov desired to come to the United States, and outlined bow such a visit could benefit American scientists. As of this writing, Eurich had •no reply to that letter. He did get one telephone call from the State Department in June. "Do you -know what's involved in bringing Dr. Alexandrov to the United States?" 'asked W. Paul O'Neill, a member of the State Department 'Office on Cultural Exchange. "Would you be prepared to meet him and accompany hhn every place in the United States?" Euri&h said that he would be prepared to meet Alexandrov but could not accompany him every place in the United States as he had other commitments. "Would you be prepared to_have a responsible person meet him at every airport?" asked O'Neill. "Yes, I would." "Would you be prepared to have a responsible person accompany him on any train?" Eurich replied in the affirmative. "May I then invite him?" Eurich asked "Yes," said O'Neill. "But we are not yet prepared to issue a visa." "Then I'm not going to embarrass Dr. Alexandrov by inviting Wm and having him wait for a visa which might not arrive," said Eurich. . State Department Forgot He was so right. As of this week, Dr. Alexandrov had not received the visa and had not- been invited. This despite the fact that Alexandrov had shown Eurich the Russian Cyclotron and everything else in the University of Leningrad laboratories. • Furthermore, since Russia seems to be far ahead of us in developing the Sputnik and other means of space travel, it would appear that Dr. Alexandrov could steal no secrets from the United States, while American scientists might benefit from talking with him. Learning these facts, I telephoned Mr. O'Neill at'the State Department. Be did not remember an "Alexandrov" and seemed completely vague regarding any application for : his. visit. He said he would have to look the matter up. I also called Ambassador Lacy. He did remember Dr. Alexandrov, but he didn't recall that permission had been asked for his entry into the United States. Thirty minutes after my phone call, however, Mr. O'Neill Rot on Talented Joanne Woodward, who made stardom in Nunnally Johnson's "Three Faces of Eve," attracted 20th Century-Fox attention while understudying in Broadway's "Picnic" . . . Bing recorded "Don't B« Afraid" before eloping •with Texas beaut Kathy . . . Giving Texans something else to brag about . . Joni James' memo on Bob.Hope being fired by his watch sponsor for helping Sinatra start his new tv season: "Don't they know how to tell big time?" . . . The movie biz is like this: Loew's grossed $172 million last year. Netted 5 . . . All those flickers about reluctant - to - fight -sheriffs 0 are echoes of "High Noon" ... Time mag's' movie critic has declared war on Elvis . . . Mike Connolly's lime: "Jack Benny says reaching sixty is exercise enough!" Billy Reed, the Little Club landlord, recalls the Ruayon Fund- Gillette pony contest in which children were gifted with Shetland thoroughbreds for many weeks via our microphones. Reed sends this clipping from the column of April 27th, 1363: "Yesterday's 2nd pony went to the Hollander kindergarten (for colored children) near Little Rock, Ark." . . . Gov. Faubus, by the way, is reported sick. Someone prob'ly sent him Lena Home's rave notices . . . Gary Grant's groan: "Try making love to someone you can barely, say hello to, at 9 in the morning, in full evening dress, with a crew of a hundred-or-so hardboiled guys watching" . . . Helea O'Connell's "No More Tears To Cry" is juk- ey-doke . . . Most exciting feature of the "Slaughter On Tenth Avenue" cinema is the title music. A Richard Rodgers classic . . . E. Kovacs' skeleton: He once did a col'm. important words: I am proud of you . . . The four most important: What is your opinion? . . . Th« 3 ditto: If you please. . . The two ditto: Thank you? . . . Th« least important word: I . . .News item: "in the rocket race th« U. S. running into money trouble" . . . Yeah, it doesn't have a U. S. to borrow from . . ."CQmpulsion" is not one of the shows you can easily dismiss. It follows" your conscience home . . . Signorina Masina's portrait of "Cabiria" il-. lustrates what makes acting an art . . -. Variety's neat word: Terra-vision" . . . Phillip Wylie, who once scored "Momism," coos like a mama (about the delight of children) in McCall's . . .Recommended: Hitchcock's: "Stories They Wouldn't Let Me Do on TV" . . . June Allyson's trim torso fits into her 8-year-old daughter's blue jeans . . . Not many actors know the legal limit of a contract with an agent is 3 years. L. H. Mayer once explained the secret of bis success: "I never made a movie I wouldn't want my mother to see" ... All Marion Brando asks producers (for star- ding in a film) is 85 percent of the profits . . . Lana Turner was born a redhead, won fame as a blonde, is ackchelly a brunette ... If you enjoy a hippety-ioppy tune listen to "Classy Babe" . . . Leslie Caron, the star, is a smartie. Invested scads of her movie money in New York real estate . . . Joan Crawford's pretty image, Christina, brightened the tv screen. Resembles Grace Kelly . . . This Rita Haywcrth fan protests the unflattering views of the star in "Pal Joey" . . . Gene Kelly is one of Girltown's few all-around- wonders. He has clicked as a hoofer, actor, director and choreographer. Hipsters have shelved "That's file Way the Cookie Crumbles" for "That's the Way the Mop Flops." We feel aony for tile police looking for Anastaala'i killers. Looking for twc nnknowai alwg Broadway —where there are » many . . . The Mellow-Lark* aerer enjoyed a recording bit, bat are all over the tv dial. They juit got $20,000 for one ilnglnc commenhill . . . Bob Hope and Ken Murray were exchanging quip* on napkin* in. a restaurant. To which Army Archerd chuckled: "The laundry man should have a good act!" . . . Natalie Wood's chums call her tiger . . . Jack Paw's disclosure Oat he (helved school in toe 1Mb grade, remind* is of the note to the editor of the Satevepoil: "Because of hU lack of schooling, George Raft is unable to reply to the many letters he received"... Overheard at Undy'«: "Zhukor found out that one day yoo'ro on top—the next you're on bottom" . . . "Yeah, it's just like being a teevee star." The sputnik achievement reminds us of a newcast Secy, of Defense Forrestal suggested (in 1948) because he was concerned about a phrase sweeping the nation: "Oh, I suppose we will have a war with Russia one day, but-have they the know-how?" . . . Mr. Forrestal told us about two Red pilots, who non-stopped from Russia to Muroc Field in California . . ."Know- how? A year later they did it again. Now with the new route (headed) over the pole, they can do it in half the time and the first American frontier city would be Minneapolis" . . .Following that broadcast our editors in Minneapolis rapped us hard editorially under the title: "Wlnchellifis." N. A.' Bailey, dean of American University's School of Business, sums up how to maintain good h,uman relations. The five most the telephone to Mr. Eurich in New York to tell him that Dr. Alexandrov was now cordially invited to visit the United States. Note: Dr. Alexandrov visited Canada last month, but, unable to come to the United States, went aE the way back to Russia. Merry-Go-Ronnd Another prominent American given a free trip to Russia was Prof. Selman Waksman^ head of Rutgers University Microbiology Department and the pioneer of streptomycin. Some of his staff have also been invited . . .Three expert Republicans spent several weeks in New Jersey trying to swing that state away from Governor Meyner—Ab Hermann of the Republican National Committee; Lou Guylay, former Public Relations Director of the Republican National Committee; and Bernard Shanley, the White House assistant . ; .They were driving to make New Jersey the' answer to Wisconsin > . .The "Negro' vote, expected to go Republican as a result of Little Rock, stuck pretty much ,with the Democrats in both New York and New Jersey. Though NAACP leaders are close to Nixon, the bulk of Negro voters, at least in the North, still seem to remember who helped them most in depression days whispers have started among some Nixonites that Ike should resign after 1958. It's not likely to happen. Desi Arnaz, reminiscing about the first "I Love Lucy" program (6 years ago), told Leo Guild that it was panned . . . Steve Sond- beim, who did the rhyming for "West Side Story," has a millionaire fadder . . . Broadwayites'are being picked up for questioning in the Anastasia murder because their names were found in gangster address books . . . Imperial Records guaranteed Grace Kelly $200,000 to cut an album . . . Rowan & Martin, who romped into the high brackets following a column-plug, suspect that the Uni- versaHnt'l studio brass are happy about their initial picture, "Once Upon a Horse" . . . "They just sent us a commissary pass!" . .*. Slogan of a has-been movie queen: "Better late, late show than never" . . . Russian scientists are concentrating on more powerful satellites. Too many of ours are busy bettering ciggie filters . . . The "mysterious" object that frightened some Texans when it suddenly appeared (and darkened then- headlights and stopped motors) was a scene in a science-horror film which flopped at the B'way Palace last .June. Trip To Moon Possible Bvf 11 Isn't Cheap SAN ANTONIO, Tex. Wl - Dr. Alan T. Waterman, director of the National Science Foundation, today said a trip to the moon is possible—if the American people decide they want to spend tremendous sums of money for •such a project. He took part in a symposium at the Southwest Research Insti- tude's conference on "Science in the Next Decade." Dr. Waterman said the trip would take about 10 hours, and the first trip could be a landing or simply circling the moon and returning. "If we want to beat the Russians to the moon, do we want to dp so badly enough to spend the millions of dollars that might instead profitably be invested in a half dozen other promising lines of scientific inquiry?" he asked. Dr. Waterman said that under conditions as we now know them, flights to'the two nearest planets, Venus and Mars, would take years rather than hours. Arkansas is one of the most important sources of cinnabar (the ore from which quicksilver U made) in the United State*.