Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on November 10, 1957 · Page 58
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 58

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 10, 1957
Page 58
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PAGE TWO THE PHAHOS-TBIBUNEand LOGANSPORT PRESS, 1OGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 19ST PRAISE BETTER INCENTIVE THAN CRITICISM Patience Key To Teaching Special Classes All teachers must love children, I tion and the like. At the same but teachers of exceptional chil-1 time, the children are learning dren in special education classes' about history and geography, should love them even more thanj visual aids are used considera- regular instructors, according to j yy -j^ Tne ' teachers/ try to I Robert E. Newnum, who teaches sno ' w a mov i e once a week and such a class at the Jefferson grade ' ti e it in with classroom work. school here. • •• After the movie they hold a dis- Along with this love, the teach- cussior. and weave in such' sub- ers shoulc 1 be generously endowed jects as hygiene or traffic safety, with patience and understanding,: o ne of the current projects in Newnum said. However, he be-' the class at Jefferson is 'the mak- lioves that if the first requirement; j n g. O f traffic signs. The children is present, the next two will come' make the signs themselves, eut- na:urally. . ting them to the proper shape and Handling a class of mentally re-, painting them the proper colors, tarded children is no job for a 1 in this way the children .are person who becomes easily dis-. helped to remember the meanings coi'raged or is quick to criticize. O f suc h "signs when they arfi on Kewr.um and hk three assistants, the highway. Newnum said they r.Irs. Gertrude Morris, Mrs. Doro- would retain the meanings much thy Hipskind and Mrs. Ann Fries - longer this' way than if they were know that from experience. . merely shown pictures. In their classroom work in the! The traffic signs were even used two special classes at Jefferson' to help the children with their and Washington schools, they try spelling..The children erected the *o make the children feel they are signs along the aisles in the class- doing the same work as other! room, an( j. appointed a "traffic children. However, their methods' cop." If one of the children was vary considerably and they do; caught going the wrong way on not follow a strict routine in their j a one-way street, or failing to stop classes. j at a stop sign, he was fined and "We try to tie everything to- had to learn to spell two' new SPECIAL EDUCATION STAFF gother as much as possible," Newnum said. "We have what we call words to pay the fine. Such methods may seem unus- a unit plan, where we find a field j ual, but Newnum said that he is of interest that all the children! willing to try anything once in 'order to help the children. Special education teachers examine some of toe materials with which they conduct classes at Jefferson and Washington schools. In the back row are Mrs. Dorothy Hipskind, left, and Mrs. Gertrude Morris. In the-'lront row are Mrs. Ann Fries and Robert E. Newnum. (Svatt Photo) For example, they may spend a morning talking about Indians. "We're more interested in re- :extent . in ° rder that they may suits than methods," he said. The ] Uve useful ^ves when they be- Djring the discussion the teach-: results he and the other 'teachers i come adults. ers explain elements of family are after is to develop the facili- 1 Much of the reading instruction life, community life, transporta- ties of the children to their fullest I It's so reassuring fo know that, with one telephone ca! 1 , experienced help is on the way. A day and night resident staff is always on duty, ready to serve, at Kroeger's. KROEG East Market at Seventh Ph. 5154 is combined with spelling. The children use regular readers, but they are on no definite time schedule. As soon as they can read and understand one book they can progress to a more difficult one. The most important thing here is the understanding. The teachers go over the material with the children to see how much of the story they have retained. Some are able to read words but are unable to comprehend the meaning of the story. Others, who can reafl only half the words, will obtain a much, greater understanding. ' Arithmetic is another subject the teachers consider vital. They are ers; and educational comic books, i just starting to college can in- One problem facing the teach- •. corporate the special courses into ers is the scarcity of text books' hi regular four years o£ school designed specifically for such ' _ 6 , , , ... .. .. training. A great deal of impro-1 Persons alread y holdm e teaching vising is necessary to prepare the j licenses can complete the work in class work. And because no two about three summers, children are on the same level j The entire sequence of courses, - in which psychology, testing meth- sary to make individual assignments for each child. ods and 'supervised practice in actual classrooms are stressed, is Newnum explained that one child aclual «f srooras are siressec u ui <. j r _«. • j I required for state certification, may be able to do fourth grade; arithmetic, but will be able to do only second grade reading. For these reasons, no grades or examinations are given. Instead, the teachers hold occasional conferences with parents to keep them posted on the progress of their children. • ' The teachers try never to criticize when work fails to measure The Space Race: Expert Tells Where US Stands Questions and Answers With DR. WERNHER VON BRAUN Leading American Missile Expert COPYRIGHT 1957 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS EDITOR'S NOTE — The U.S. in the words of President Eisenhower is behind Russia in development of satellites and "in some missiles in special areas, "v The Associated Press has obtained this exclusive signed story w.Hh Dr. Braun, director of the Development operations division at the Army's Redstone Arsenal in- Huntsville, Ala. Dr. Von Braun was asked a series of questions relating to the military aspects of the Spu.Dik program and the future of space in general. Here are his answers. Q. How do you account for the U.S.S.R.'s apparent ability to outstrip the United States in reading intc space? A. The main reason is that the United States had no ballistic missile program worth mentioning between 1945 and 1951. These six years, during which the Russians obviously laid the groundwork for their large rocket program, are irretrievably lost. The United States went into a serious ballistic missile program only in 1951, with the decisions to weaponize the Army's JPL Corporal rocket and to develop the Redstone. Thus our present dilemma is not due to the fact that we are not working hard enough now, but that we did not work hard enough during the first six to ten years after the war. taught as much as they can ab-'up to expectations. They have sorb, including simple multiplication, division and fractions. Here again, visual aids play an important part. To teach fractions, the teachers use such devices as paper plates and milk cartons. By using number of paper DEPEND ON YOUR PHARMACIST for Professional Health Services The knowledge and skills of many years go into every prescription compounded at our drug store. Now, restock your medicine cabinet- from . our superior- quality supplies. Come In For Quality Toiletries CENTRAL DRUG CO. GEORGE K1MBROUGH, R. PH. 4th at Broadway Phone 3131 •plates, cut in sections, they can demonstrate just what % or V* or any. other fraction represents. One plate is left in one piece, one is cut in two pieces, one in four pieces; and so on. Then, for example, they will have the student take two quarter sections and place them over a half section. Such methods present a-clear picture of how fractions, are . added and subtracted. Milk cartons .ranging in size from a half pint to a half gallon are used similarly. Using money and making change is taught by playing store, Any articles at hand, such as pencils, paper and books, are marked with prices and the children are given a supply of "play" money. With one child acting as the storekeeper and the others as purchasers, they learn to make and count change much easier than they could by other methods. The children love competition, Ne-wmim said. Frequent spelling matches and arithmetic matches are held to satisfy their desires for competitive games. To make sure that all the children pay attention during a spelldown, the teacher may call on anyone to spell the same word that someone else has just had. Most of the children know, the ABC's, and many of them can count fairly well, but some of them are unable to, identify the letters or numerals when they are out of order. Flash cards, with both printed and written characters, are of some help in overcoming this obstacle. Newspapers and radio are..used for keeping up with current events. The classes have' a large thermometer with a sliding scale to demonstrate how to read temperatures. The children are asked to check the temperature in the newspaper or on the radio, and then point out the correct spot on the thermometer. Other devices used in the classes are colored cubes, which help in counting, identifying colors and developing muscular coordination; leaflets published by manufaetur- tyfi&at Offi couffijaleaAe Aex, ?tu>*e... Lay-away De'posit reserves her SINGER NOW for Christmas delivery SINGER SEWING CENTER Us'.ed in the telephone book under SINGER SEWING MACHINE-CO. OPEN EVERY NKJHT UNTK 8:30 911 fourth Street Phone 34T7 found that praise is a much greater incentive than criticism, and they do not hesitate to use it. Rather than 'tell the child that his work in a certain subject is unsatisfactory, they will tell him it is good, but that he can do better the next time. For anyone planning to become a teacher in special education classes, courses now are offered at several Indiana colleges, including Indiana State Teachers College, Indiana University, and Purdue. Indiana State was the first to introduce a ' full sequence of courses and is said to be one of the best in Indiana and nearby states. Newnum said a young person such a must be prepared to face many unusual problems not present in regular classrooms. Although a certain amount of routine is followed in the classes, Newnum and his staff will drop it if an opportunity arises to turn a current event into an educational experience. A few days ago, the class at Jefferson school spent halt' the morning talking about "Sputnik." The discussion led to talk about the moon, and because an eclipse was scheduled for Asia several days later, Newnum seized the opportunity to give some scientific instruction. Using balls and a globe, he showed the children just what an eclipse is. Q. How long before it will be possible for the United States to launch a rocket to the moon: How long before manned space travel will be feasible? How soon might '. we build a space platfsrm orbiting around-the earth? A. Launch,an unmanned rocket one-way to the moon: two to three years. Manned flight to an orbit and return: four to five years. Construction of a manned space station could be tackled after manned orbital flight has become ia routine. Q. Is it probable that the U.S. public is in for additional shocks insofar as Russian scientific pro- gress is concerned? If so, what form do you believe these shocks will take? A. Yes, it is most likely that we are in for a few more shocks. With the powerful . multistage rockets they must have used to launch Sputnik II, _the Soviets have a definite imn.ediate capability-to fire a payload of possibly over 100 pounds on a one-way trip to the moon. Another possible surprise they may have in store for us is a manned ascent into an orbit with ensuing return and recovery. Q. Is it now possible for the United States to launch a satellite with the military hardware now available? What is this hardware and what could it do? A. Yes. But any further comment in this regard would have to come from the Department of Defense. Q. What can be done by the United States to achieve superiority in the satellite and missile fields? How long do you estimate it will take? A. Before we can achieve superiority in these fields we have to catch up with the present Russian lead. Even with no holds barred, I think it would still be well over five years before we could catch up with the Soviets again, because they are not likely to idly sit by in the meantime^ Q. Is money a factor in the development of missiles and satellites at tils time? Do you think more money is needed? Why? How much money? A. I believe that, by and large, our five key ballistic missile programs (Jupiter, Thor, Polaris, Atlas and Titan) could not be speeded up appreciably by increases in funds. We don't need excessive amounts of extra money—we cer^ tainly don't have to double our present missile budget. But 'some additional funds for basic and applied research and developments for future growth potential, would help tremendously in the long run. Q. With present techniques woUld it be possible to launch satellite and call that satellite In on a target at will? A. Yes. In order to return the orbiting satellite into the atmosphere, it must be retarded by a short rocket blast. Once the original orbit has been accurately determined by optical and radio tracking, it is easy to calculate how much the orbital speed must be reduced in order to place the lowest point of the new orbit into the uppermost layers of the atmosphere—say 50 miles up. After the satellite has thus been slowed down sufficiently, a parachute may be deployed to carry it safely to the ground. By triggering the initial retardation blast from the ground at a carefully precalculated moment, it appears possible to restore the satellite with a sufficient accuracy to land within an area > the size of European Russia. Transfer Suit To U.S. Court DELPHI, Ind.—A $100,000 personal injury damage suit was filed Thursday in federal court at Lafayette on a petition of removal from the Carroll circuit court, in which it had been filed Oct. 11. The suit was brought by Joseph H. Seele, Rockville, against Earl Ezell, U-Drive-It compan y, and U. S. Chrome Metal company, all from out of the state. The suit was the result of the collision of a truck driven by Ezet with two autos, one of which was driven by Seele, on U. S. highway 31 near the Bunker Hill Air Force base on Oct. 12, 1955. The complaint alleges that Seele was unable to work until Jan. 10, this year, because of a neck injury, and that he still is undergoing treatment LATEST IN SHAMPOOS OEDAR FALLS, Iowa (TIP)—Dr. V. D. French of Iowa State Teachers College got to the root o! the problem when a student turned ia with an unusual affliction. He prescribed a scalp rub of ether, ace- ione and boric acid. The student had spilled rubber cement on nil crew cut. YOU GOT TROUBLES? CHICAGO ('UP)— What with, the strange assortment of animal freaks offered the Lincoln Park Zoo, Director Marlin Perkins doesn't know if he's coming or going. A recent offering was a "silver blue mink with its ears on backward." Give Him the Gift he will appreciate most A New Electric Shaver W« Have the Frve Top Shavers In America -^ SUNBEAM BLADC-ELECTRIC if REMINGTON "ROLLEtECTIHC" if SCHICK POWER SHAVE •£• RON SON "66" if MORBLCO SUNBEAM BLADE-ELECTRIC Less $5.00 Trade-in .-$28.95 REMINGTON ROLLELECTRIC Less $5.00 Trade-in .$31.50 SCHICK POWER SHAVE Less $5.00 Trqde-in ...... $29.95 RONSON "66" with Super Trim , Less $5.00 Trade-in .$28.50 Also, Free A $4.50 Ronson Lighter. NORELCO Less $5.00 Trade-in .$24.95 ALSO FOR THE IADIES $23.95 $26.50 $24.95 $23.50 $19.95 Lady Sunbeam $75.95 Lady Ronson $14.95 Lady Schick $14.95 Remington Princess $17.50 We Carry Parts and Supplies for All Electric Shavers LAY AWAY ONE TODAY FOR CHRISTMAS. A SMALL DEPOSIT WIU. HOLD ONE AMD WE CAIN ARRANGE SMALL WEEKLY PAYMENTS. Timberlake's Gift Shop Th» Stars of a Thousand Otfts" NEY AL WAY S FIRST QUALITY /usf ffclnJr, only 6 wseks 'til Christmas SHOP PENNEY'S NOW AND SAVE! Penney's Mixed Bouquet of "Regulated" Cottons Proud Penney perfectionist prints and go-together solids—unmatched at this low price—to interpret softly into the new dress silhouettes. Such easy care—crease-resistant, sanforized, machine washablel YARD KEEptE 'N THREAD PRINTS Diminutive or giant — Penney's prints look fresh and exhilarating in fashionable huesl All in Penney's Sanforized, high-count broadcloth that machine washes to perfection. 49* Yard NEED A NOTION? Penney's has a zomplete assortment of every important sewing accessory! — Find mem all at Penney's, and for less! RONDO HIGH-COUNT PERCALE Pick Rondo "for fashion —"pick Rondo for freshness/ easy-care, long wear! Toss" Rondo in youi- washer . . . see it emerge fresh and ready for another round of hard wearl 39* Yard SEE PENNEY'S CANNON TOWEL EVENT IN A BCAUTtFUL OHOKZ Of COLORS ' On page 2 and 3 of Today's Family Weekly

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