The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. Education of a Scientist Four 'thousand physicists attending meetings of the American Association of 'Physics .Teachers and the American 'Physical Society' in,.New York were brought up short when one ' of their members, Dr. Nathalie G. Renner, associate professor of physics at Alfred University, told them that efforts to "m,a,ss .produce" scientists are bound to fail, no-matter how much money is poured into such programs. Neither the intellectual capacity necessary to produce a scientist nor adequate' training by an educational institution can be bought, she said. Since the principal peroccupation of. a scientist is to understand,' ishe said the education of a scientist should emphasize understanding versus passing specific tests, • learning versus memorizing, time-consuming reflection versus speedy accumulation of facts. As a member of the elite, a scientist. should be taught by personal contact with the elite, and money could be well spent for tutoring, educating the capable few and giving them all the care, attention and the necessary intellectual climate. Dr. Renner'.s thesis is that technicians can be taught en masse by television, teaching machines and other speed-up methods, and -as they are needed to use the information they acquire Within a specified area, such methods should be encouraged .for them. But money and tjme is wasted trying to make scientists in this manner. Here,-once those who are capable of doing the work are identified, nothing should be spared to make them the best scientists in the world. That way lies the superiority of American science, as a handful of American institutions are demonstrating. We do not need just more scientists but more superior scientists. Rural Medical BOSTON MASSACRE Centers Forty - five rural communities,, from Poland Springs, .Me., to Ipagosa Springs, Colo., have built community medical centers and have doctors- for them when general practitioners are scarce enough in big cities. Thirteen more are in the works. They are the result of the work of the Sears, Roebuck Foundation, which for many years has aided rural welfare projects of various kinds. Its services and advice are free, after a survey shows the community is able and willing to .support the project. Telephone Trapping Circuit Robert F. Pedrick, an advance development engineer, has invented a telephone circuit that- can trap and trace nuisance calls or telephone threats, while the annoyed persons calls the police or other help on the same line. Patented by the Stromberg- Carlson division of the General Dynamics Corporation, it. is already in use successfully by independent telephone companies (outside the Bell system). In many modern telephone systems, the inventor explains, the switch train is released when the person calling hangs up. In others, it is disconnected only after -both parties hang up. The new circuit allows the recipient of a call to* notify the telephone company by pressing a button to alert central and keeping the switches from being released until the source of the call is determined. Meantime, the recipient calls for help on the same instrument while the circuit remains locked. The many uses of this circuit to detect criminals and prospective criminals are obvious. Kidnappers who call for a ransom, for instance, can be traced without suspicion that their victim has given them away. Such circuits should be standard equipment on many instruments whose owners ordinarily are subject to threats and annoyance. In the Past One Year Ago Novelty machine fits needs' . . . Guy Hahn, 311 West Linden ave., demonstrated dirt remover it took him all winter to build. Progress of Queen voting for the Old Fashioned Fourth of July picnic to be held at the Cass county Fairgrounds was announced , . . Katy Hilbert was in the lead according to latest tabulations. Ten Years Ago Sale of Cass--county farm basis-of.suit inequity . . . Winamac man plaintiff in complaint involving childrlen of Sant Browning of Clay township. . ' Lela Faye Boughlon, 8-year-old of 1503 Pleasant Hill street, recovered her lost Bible. Twenty Years Ago Watermelons were 3 .cenls pound; onions were four pounds for 17 cents; polaloes were len pounds for 39 cents; eggs were 31 cents a dozen and bulter was 38 cents a pound. Fifty Years Ago C. Rowland purchased a Flanders 20, Demi Fomea auto at the Auto Shop garage. May Law was ill-with typhoid fever in St. Joseph hospital. Pharos™-™ Flashes By Pharos-Tribune News StaM The Monthly Bulletin of the Indiana Stale Board of Health lists fifteen important precautions to lake while using power lawn mowers. The U. Si Department of Agriculture reports that 75,000 power mower accidents-occur each year.. More than half the injuries are to the feet and hands.'The fifteen safety tips are: 1. Remove stones, sticks and other objects from the lawn. 2. Check all bolts, nuts and' screws to see that they are propertly tightened. 3. Add fuel before starting engine, never while the engine is running. 4. Keep hands and feet from mower blades when starting and mowing. 5. Learn how to stop the mower's engine quickly. 6. Children and pets should be at a safe distance from the mower, preferably inside the house. 7. Stop engine'before pushing mower across gravel driveways, walks or roads. 8. Be sure of footing when mowing slopes or when grass is wet. 9. Never plug in an electric mower when it's raining. 10. The mower should always be moving away from the operator. 11. Disconnect the spark wire before checking or cleaning mower. 12. Mowers with crank-type starters should not be in a charged position until ready for use. 13. Keep fuel in marked, closed container in a safe place. 14. At all times, stop the engine when the mower is left unattended. 15. Scan the path in advance of the mower at all times for objects that might be thrown. Local real estate owners who appealed their assessments lo Ihe Cass County Tax Review Board are finding out that silence really is golden sometimes. The board has raised several of the assessments which were brought to its attention on appeal. One assessment was raised $1,760 above the amount that the owner was complaining about. He probably wishes he never had complained. Cass county officials are wondering if the Stale Board of Tax, Commissioners knows what it is doing.' The board instructed local officials to purchase Iwo new assessment forms. However, when the counly council passed Ihe additional appropriation to pay for the forms at its last meeting, the state board proceeded lo reject this item. Unless Ihe board changes its mind, the printer from whom the new forms were purchased will have to wait until 1963 for payment. Two years ago when the Democratic platform was being drawn up various organizalions appeared at the local district meeting to make suggestions about planks to be included. Lasl week none of them appeared at the district meet. Instead t.hey waited until the entire platform advisory committee held its hearing al Indianapolis. Indiana has an estimated 582,000 living war veterans on the basis of the most recent survey by the. Veterans Administration as 1962 began. In the last six months of 1961, the number of veterans in Indiana declined approximately 2,000. Grave, registrations for veterans in the state average about 200 a month, he explained. Of the Indiana veterans, 396,000 are veterans of World War n. 01 these, 26,000 also served in the Korean Conflict along-with 116,000 others. There are 87,000 veterans of World War I and an estimated 3,000 survivors of the career service, the Spanish-American War and the Indian Wars. Inductees entering service since conclusion of the Korean campaign December 31, 1956, are not included, Mr. Bochicchio pointed out. Nationwide, the total number of veterans as 1962' began stood at 22,338,0(10 with 15,138,000 World War II veterans; 4,542,000 Korean veterans; 2,511,000 World War I veterans; and 147,000 from the career service, the Spanish-American War or the Indian Wars. LAFF-A-DUf Chuckles in The News NEW CLINIC NEEDED WATFORD, England (UPI) This town needs another prenatal clinic but not because of a rising birth rate. Women doing physical exercises in the clinic are so vigorous they have weakened the floor and officials fear it will cave in, CHANGE BOY FRIEND LEICESTER, England (UPD- Alison Smith, 10, wrote a school magazine for advice on whal lo do about her boyfriend's rudeness. "Change your boyfriend," it advised. HORSE DAMAGES CAR LIVINGSTON, N.J. (UPI) — William Raab'was leading his horse to water Saturday when the bay mare bolted and jumped onto Ihe hood 1 of a'passing car. Neither horse nor passengers were injured, but the car was damaged and Raab-was charged with letting an animal run at large. HOUNDS EAT WELL LILLEY, England .(UPI)- The hounds of the Hertfordshire hunt dined on roast beef Sunday when too few guests turned up at the hunt's roast and they didn't want to waste the chow. POPULATION PROBLEM CAMBRIDGE, England (UPD- RSPCA officials want whoever loosed 48 rabbits on the lawn of Trinity College as a prank lo come get their bunnies before the inevitable happens. Inspector Stanley Tynan estimates that each of 40 females among the rabbits could produce five offspring and the RSPCA would have 248 bunnies in a - month. 1 Quotes From The News 7 WASHINGTON - Ally. Gen. Boberl F. Kennedy, on [he Biflie Sol Estes scandal: "... As long as you have human beings, jou are" going to have some kind of' corruption . . . (but the) important thing is whether you take action to deal with it, whether you cover it up, whether you push it under the rug, whether you act as if it didn't exist." Reviews Of TV Shows By RICK DU BROW HOLLYWOOD (UPI) - It took television five years to .finally air. Sunday night's "Show of the Week": An H. H. Wells fantasy about a. race, of isolated, blind people who distrust those' with vision. It was worth waiting for. Entitled "The Richest Man in Bogota," and starring Lee'Mar- vin, it was rewarding not only as an exciting horror tale, but as a love story and a uniquely timely commentary on. societies which maintain fear and hatred; by preventing contact with the outside world, ' Sunday night's offering, from a short story which Wells called. "The Country' of the Blind," was" turned down by a car sponsor more than five years ago. But producer-director Ralph Nelson, who also guided Hod Serlmg's memorable telcplay "Requiem T'or A Heavyweight," saved the Frank Gabrielscn script. And NBC-TV and DuPont, the sponsor, finally okayed it after the title change was made so it would be .more palatable after a Father's Day dinner. The plot is a good adventure story in itself : Avalanche Spectacular A South American prospector (Marvin), armed with a geiger counter, sets out from Bogota, Columbia, in search of uranium in the mountains near his home. In a spectacular avalanche scene that seemed to burst through the small television screen, he is swept away' to the hidden "Valley of the Damned," where the eyeless people discover him. He is considered a strange and wild creature by the sightless ones, who believe there is no other world but their own. He is threatened with death unless he conforms 1 to their beliefs and promises to respect the mountain boundaries as the limits of all being. To survive, he conforms but plans to escape. A native girl, beautifully played by Miriam Colon, falls in love • with him and begins to believe his tales of the outside world are not so wild. She yearns to see for the first time. They run away, and she is killed by a native. He escapes. In a surprise ending, he is shown years later as a wealthy man in Bogota who has devoted his life to helping those in the isolated valley and has become blind himself. Overtones Of "1984" Beyond the adventure level, the plot had overtones of George Orwell's futuristic horror story of a closed, brainwashed . society, "1084." The natives do not understand such words as "light," "see" and "out," A history written by their ancestors is useless because they cannot read. The way to cure Marvin, they believe, is to blind him also. They have, in other words, made their defect into a self-righteous belief. In a classically staged escape scene, a native leader says: "Sound the call for silence.'' If everyone else is silent, those who protest can be heard easily and singled out. Marvin was a powerful representation of the universal hero: The man who fights to maintain his sanity and a blindly ,herded populace, who conforms only by choice. The drama, impressively produced and using a thin latex material to.cover the actors' eyes was an uplifting plea for the power of personal courage, faith and love, Monday Eveiing, June 18, 1902. PARIS - President Charles de Gaulle, on the cease-fire agreement, 'between the' European extremists and Moslem leaders in Algeria: "Algeria will live and develop herself in cooperation with France. That makes good sense. The page is turned ... after all that,'has happened it's a kind of marvel;" CHICAGO — Evangelist Billy Graham, winding up an 13-day crusade' in Chicago: "The signs that we must make a choice are all about us. T h e • historian Gibbon said Rome fell because of its high divorce rale The Channel Swim: Shirley Jones stars as a ncwlywed on CBS-TV's summer series, "T h e Comedy Spot," July 10 .., Video producer David Susskind wants Bing Crosby for the movie version of the Pulitzer prize play "All The Way Home." • NBC-TV says not one affiliate station has dropped its' "Tonight" show since Jack Paar left .,. Showman .Billy Rose is an added guest on the "Tonight" program this evening ... Louis Hayward, Signe 1 Hasso and Leo G. Carroll star in NBC-TV's "Mystery Theatre" July 4. Johnny Crawford, who plays Chuck Connors' son on ABC-TV's "The Rifleman," will have a regular girlfriend, on the series next season; a lady friend • is being cooked up for Connors . too ... CBS-TV will offer-a special about the American woman in her home July 12., and its taxes. You know about America's divorce problem, about the • movie stars who seem' to believe that the more husbands or wives they have the more of a 1 box office attraction they will be." _ 6-18 •© KinirFeiturea Syndicate, Int, 1W2. WorM right! reserved. "What shouldn't I do today so 500 wont get a headache?* PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dnll7 (except Sfttnrdny» and Holidays) 40o per week dally nad •nn<ln> by carrier, 930.80 per year In tbe city ot Lojganxport 40u per ireek by currier ontildc of Iiomnvport. By mull on rural route* la Can, Carroll, White, PnlMfcl, Fnlton anil Mlunl co«Ktl«, 912.0O per year) outride, trading area Una rrtthin Indiana. W4.00 pe« feari outride Indiana, f 18.00 per year, ill mall «Db«crlp(lon» payable In adranee. No mall «H>acrl»tion» Hold whcro carrier •errio* Im nialn* talned. Fharoi establUhed ^tSe?!D^ —e»»«o3a»«-» Reporter , "tnbll»keo 1844. <Bn£dun2QpE> g^BJJHaiap'3 , 18St >. Journal ectnbli»he< ~^ttiS"^^ "ws™—- fgHnM entabllakedl 184* ' 1110 114 »»W mfeltiihed daily except Saturday and holiday* by Ph»ro»-Trlh.»« Co., lac. 617 Bant Broadway, Lonran.aort, Indiana. Entered an nceond «la» natter at the put office at Loa-aa.port, ind., under tao ant o<. •arck S. IBTt. MBMBEJR, AUDIT BVBJDATJ OF OlBCOTjATlOH* AMD CHITED PHBII* IHTJWNATIOHA1/ PHAmOI-TMIBVNII National Adrartlilnc KopfOMntattTO* DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON — Two parties are going to be very much on the spot shortly in the stockpile scandals. They are: sincere Sen. Stuart Symington .of Missouri, who's in charge of stockpile probing; and (he circulation-hungry New York Herald Tribune, whose publisher, John Hay Whitney, is up for investigation. The reason they are on the spot is because Symington, who is related to Whitney, will have to de- .cide whether (o investigate; and the Herald Tribune will have lo decide whether to headline (he revelations about its publisher. President Kennedy, who has been the butt of considerable criticism by the Herald Trib, will be on the sidelines. Symington, a consci e n t i o u s Democrat, is married to one of (he top-flight Republican ladies of the country, Eve Wadsworth, granddaughter of John Hay, a private secretary to Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State under McKinley and Teddy Roosevelt. John Hay Whitney, better known as Jock, publisher of the Herald Tribune, is a grandson of John. Hay and a cousin of Mrs. Symington. The Symingtons' son served under cousin Jock when Whitney was Ike's ambassador in London. How Hot Is The Spot? Neither Senator-Symington nor the editor of the Herald Tribune may entirely realize the spot in which (hey will soon find themselves regarding their cousin and publisher, but this column can give (hem a brief preview. Jock Whitney, publisher of the Herald Trib, and perhaps the biggest single legitimate contributor to Eisenhower's campaign chest, has also been the biggest stockholder of Freeport Sulphur which before Castro had extensive nickel holdings in Cuba. During World War II. Freeport leased, its Nicaro ore fields in Cuba to the U.S. government at a high royalty, but this high price is not an issue in the stockpile probe. What is an issue is the manner in which Whitney and his company used influence inside the Eisenhower administration (o get new contracts. What happened was that, with the Korean War, tho Nicaro nickel fields in Cuba became once again important, and Stuart Symington, (hen in charge of stockpiling under Truman, asked his wife's cousin's firm, Freeport Sulphur, whether it was interested in reactivating the government's nickel plant at Nicaro, which had extracted ore owned by Freeport and had been closed down following World War II. Freeport re- i plied that it wasn't interested. Following (his, Genera! Services Administration, (he government's over-all conli'acling agency, gave (he Niraro operating cuntracl first to the Dulch Billiton Company, then to National Lead wilh Cuban partners. This was in 1951, during the last days of Truman. Ike's Good Friend But immediately after Eisenhower look office. Freeport Sulphur started an intensive drive (o get back into the nickel produc- (ion operation which it had previously turned down. Whitney and Langbourne Williams, president of Freeport, went to the White House one week after the inauguration of the President whom Whitney had helped elect, and next day a curt note came from the While House (o Jess Larson, General Services administrator, accepting his resignation, Larson, a Democrat, had been asked by ex-Gov. Val Peterson of Nebraska, (hen a White House assistant, to remain on the job for three months to help in the intricate job of government contracts. But Larson was (he man who had put National Lead, rival of Freeport Sulphur, in charge of Nicaro nickel production, and, 24 hours after Whitney's call at the White House, Larson's resignation was abruptly accepted. Whitney and Freeport then pro- ceeded to apply for a new contract to extract nickel from Moa Bay in Cuba and refine it in Louisiana. Ho'vevcr, Howard Young, former president of American Lead and i'inc, (hen in charge of defense.mobilization plants administration, Ijrned them down. The Korean War was heading toward the end, .ind Young estimated enough nicliiel was available in Canada. Whereupon Whitney and Free'• port went over Young's head and in April, 195S met in the New York office of James Brownlee. Brownlee was on the three-man "Borrowing Authority Review Board" of UK office of defense mobilization with power to promote new plaits. He was head of Frankfort Distillers and a power in a Liquor empire. But more important from the viewpoint of Freeport, he -vas Jock Whitney's partner in the Whitney brokerage firm. The Senate committee has now subpoenaed Freeport Sulphur's records of inter-office memos, and finds.an interesting report of (his meeting in Biownlee's New York office. It shows that Brownlee assured his Freeport friends (hat the government would be interested in new nickel production. The negative reply from Young, Brownlee said, "can be considered obsolete r.nd superseded. We are interested in your project and you should .submit a new proposal." This was just the start of a series of inside wire-pullings which led to highly profitable contracts for the company dominated by the publisher of the Herald Tribune and lo considerable loss to American taxpayers. More on this story wi.l follow in an early column. Almanac By United Press International Today .is Honday, June 18, the 169th day of the year with 196 to follow. The moon is full. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars and Suturn. The evenirg star is Venus. On this di.y in history: In 1815, Nipoleon was defeated at the battle of Waterloo. In 1935, Adolf Hitler signed a treaty with Britain, promising not (o expand the German navy beyond 35 per cent the strength of the Roys! Navy. In 1953, Egypt was proclaimed a republic by the "Army Council of the Revolution." A though': for (lie day: The Greek philosopher, Plato, said: "Without CEUSB nothing can be created." MAUGHAM TO BE WAXED LONDON (UPI)—Craftsmen at Madame Tu-ssaud's Museum planned to begin work today on a wax, life-size figure of author Somerset Maugham. The finished replica will make Maugham the first writer so honored since George Bernard Shaw in 1928. Public Forum The Phiiros-Tribune invites views of its readers. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and must be signed by (he writer witli address. A request (o use initials, and not the full name, will not be honored. Address letters to: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Ind. HUBERT "You can stop trying to keep up with the Joneses- lie's been jailed for embeaalement"
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