The Journal Herald from Dayton, Ohio on August 17, 1964 · 4
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The Journal Herald from Dayton, Ohio · 4

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Dayton, Ohio
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Monday, August 17, 1964
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4
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Journal Herald Clcnn Thompson, Editor "YOU DID SAY YOU WERE BEHIND ME, DIDN'T YOU, BARRY?" OK Tase I Monday Morninjr, August 17, 11X51 Omit prate hare they which hvc Thy law: and nothing shall offend them. Psalms lld;U5, Murray Hill And Change One day last week rhilii Wagner, a fine columnist, had a touching piece on this page about Murray Hill, an Italian section in Cleveland which doesn't want to change and is having to. The change, of course, is coming from Negroes moving into Murray Hill. The reason this is touching is that every one of. us knows a1, place that he is sad to see changing. Sometimes it's a little creek valley with grass and trees that the bulldozers have gone to work on. Sometimes it's an old home town where the old, cool, sleepy houses, unless turned into funeral homes, are being pulled down. Or maybe it is new people taking over an old neighborhood. Sure, change is painful. And it isn't every change that's progress. Even if it is, people may not want it. We sympathize with Murray Hill. Hut Mr. Wagner did not bore to the bottom of the question he raised. At the bottom is the fact that the change in Murray Hill comes only when someone rents or sells a piece of property to a Negro. To halt the change, one must halt this transfer of property. And the reason he must have, as. he refuses to rent or sell, is only that the other man's skin is black. Turn the coin to the other side. Is any American to be told today that he cannot rent or buy property, which is known to be for rent or sale, simply because of something he has no control over, namely, that he was born a Negro? Our society, we think, has decided that the answer is No, and rightly so. This is too great an indignity to be thrust upon any American today. So we shall see some changes take place that we might wish to avoid. To avoid them would be to perpetrate a greater wrong. 1 1 a rd i n g-Ph i II i ps Lei t ers It's a knotty problem the courts have to unravel over recently discovered love letters from President Warren G. Harding to Mrs. Carrie F. Phillips of Marion. The letters were found after Mrs. Phillips died in 10(50, and were turned over to the Ohio Historical society. The society later turned them over to the probate court. It is estimated the letters could sell for between $100,000 and $200,000. Understandably, Mrs. Phillips surviving daughter has an interest in the letters. Hut so does the Harding family. A nephew of the late President has filed suit for $1 million damages and asking that the letters be sealed. One historian, named in the suit, has already prepared an article from the letters and American Heritage magazine has complete copies of them stashed in a New York bank. The magazine says there has been consider-, able talk of destroying the letters. Hesides the personal issues at stake, it would seem the public also has an interest to protect. We have a right to whatever we can learn from our past, particularly from the activities of those who voluntarily place their characters and reputations before the public in seeking elective office. The Harding-Phillips letters may not be the most important pieces in the jigsaw-puzzle of history. Hut too many pieces are lost anyway, through accident or design. It would seem a mistake to set a precedent that would allow a family (and if a family, why not a political party or a business firm?) to withdraw and destroy information that seems to be a part of our history. Ifs A Fair Season County fair season is with us again, and though the fair might seem to have lost some of its reason for being in a largely citified society, we hope it never dies. The spirit of the county fair is one we need, even in the cities. It is the spirit of excellence in little things as well as big; the spirit of pride in individual accomplishment; the spirit of friendly competition with the neighbors. In most areas, county fairs have pulled in city as well as farm participants, in hobbies, crafts, sewing, baking and other competitions, thus retaining local strength in spite of changing conditions. And even for those of us who do not participate, it is good once a year to tramp the midway, get the smell of hay and dust and animals, and inspect the craftsmanship on a small boy's blue-ribbon bird house. These are reminders that there can be joy and satisfaction not just a paycheck in tutting mind and hands to work. Who's Complaining? Somehow, we had the idea the government was mad at coin collectors, and not too pleased with vending machines. "Hoarders." we read, were blamed for a coin shortage about which something ought to be done. Well, it's being done. Husiness is better than ever at the United States mints, with production up 77 per cent over a year ago. and the treasury stands to make between $20 and million profit on the deal. This is bad? Progress lias lis Price The onward march of progress has its disillusion-ing moments. One of those comes with a brief business note out of Canada. It concerns the Hudson's Hay company, a name that automatically brings to mind a thousand adventure stories set in the great North country. Mention Hudson's Hay and the mind's eye still sees grizzled trappers, dojr sleds, and I. ova! Motilities. Of course we knew things nn;t have charged some. Hut it was still something of a .!: k to read that the Hudson's Hay conipanv is now expanding its earn rental service. Canoes can ? picked up at ore point and turned in at another, jut as in car MT.taK It's called and this is the worst Mow of all U-Paddle." It's as though Wells Fargo whs advertij ? as the -ciund-Iaigcsi ririvc-ii-yourself ttagvcoaui ua'ud. .11 K 1 I I :.!' . M U "X . ' ' ' . t r.K s3' . I .tW' -'- TCP. h-J: ' Our M orning Mail: School Lunches Editor: Those reading the column by Roz Young, Aug. 8, should suddenly bo awakened lo a sense of guilt which has been lying dormant. We who have been the beneficiaries of more than eees-sary are prone to overlook, or not be disturbed, by the realities of life as they affect others in our midst. The subject (underprivileged children) has been publicized at intervals locally, but. publicity has never quite filled a youngster's empty stomach. When will we awaken to the fact that there are children of tender years who need a lunch at noon while attending school but; for reasons, of which there may be many, are forced to do without. As a S(x:icty, we pride ourselves on our out-reach in many categories. Recently, we have been much disturbed about the teeth of children, so we decide to fluoridate the drinking water. P.ig deal, but why, when the subject of lunches at noon for school children arises, do we suddenly realize there are no funds available for that purpose? Perhaps less stress on carpeting on school floors might divert The Neighbors those funds into another channel, and some' bright morning we might discover that a start could be made at least toward a long neglected humanitarian need. Let's be big enough to face the fact 1hat noon lunch is just as important in the life of the student as transportation to and from school and . . . the three R5s ORVILLE R. HEGEL Dayton More On Ibises Edilor: I just read that the City of Dayton is considering an ordinance giving Ihe City Transit buses the right-of-way in pulling from the curb into moving traffic. Should the city water department be allowed to enter one's home to read the water meter whenever they wish? No! Why? It may violate the owner's privacy and rights. Are the police cruisers given unrestricted use of the streets when not on an emergency? No! Why then should the company in question have an ordinance passed to vio- by George Clark V I 1 1 if "Do uii know joifrp Hip 1ph) popular ineniher if the .and box. social sel?" laic my righis to move with the traffic? The only possible answer is that the transit, company is transporting people to and from 1hcir jobs, recreation, etc. Why can't these people allot their time properly? What about the others on the street who drive for a living? Are we going to give them any advantages? I doubt it. If the commission passes this ordinance, I think it , . . will result in more traffic congestion and accidents caused by the cily buses than we now have. We all know congestion and accidents are two of our major problems already. RAYMOND L. KLINE Day Ion -V ! ""Proboscis" Policy Editor: If we are to survive in the world of tomorrow we must face the facts of life today as they have occurred and will continue to occur unless we change bolh our thinking and our foreign aid policies. . . We are failing dismally Ihough-oul the old world in trying to maintain peace . . . We are virtually spending ourselves into bankruptcy. We . , , are not capable, nor do we have 1he necessary money, to keep up the stupidity of sending billion after billion down the rathole of Europe and achieving nothing in return . . . Neither are we strong enough, or have Ihe necessary population, to police the old world. According to the dictionary, the word "proboscis" means a long, flexible extension of the nose, such as the elephant and could mean the followers of the donkey political group as well. This certainly describes the policy the United Slates has followed vainly through the years. . . Let us admit, for 10 ears. three wars and the loss of many American lives, we have tried. Must we continue . . . when we see daily tbe frustrations and failures of our existing policy? I say "No". We are living in a new world, a successful form of government which has surpassed the old world's capabilities. And for us to try to keep peace in the two worlds is beyond our limited resources and we are fools to think we c an do so. . . CARL YENGER Keltcring Talking It Over By Dwight Young There is at least one forensic battle going on in Washington right now that is not even remotely related to presidential campaign politics. At least up to now neither President Johnson nor GOP Nominee Barry Goldwater has publicly exhibited an awareness of this controversy within the federal establishment. The reference is to the hefty argument between the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries and the federal Food and Drug Administration over the manufacture and proposed sale of ''fish flour" as a food supplement. Hearings on this subject were started last Friday by the senate's Merchant Marine subcommittee, of which Sen. E. L. Bartlett of Alaska is chairman. Maybe we should pause right here for a moment to explain precisely what "fish flour" is. It is a concentrated food product made of whole "junk fish." And what are junk fish? In the fisherman's world they are the kind that are too small, bony or unappetizing to have much table appeal. They abound, we are told, in astronomical numbers in coastal waters everywhere. High officials of the Bureau of Fisheries insist that, when properly processed to eliminate bacteria and odor, these protein-rich "junk fish" could perform miracles in feeding hungry humans all over the world. However, those phrases "whole" and "properly processed" are the basis of the controversy. Whole of course means complete, and the Food and Drug Administration contends that includes the fins, tail, bones and viscera. Such a food product, it is charged, would be 'filthy" and "regardless of what is done with it, is unfit for human consumption under the law." But the fisheries people retort that the Food and Drug Administration has not been particularly squeamish about issuing permits for the importation into the United States of such table delicacies as canned worms, chocolate-coated ants and smoked reptile meat. In the meantime the Bureau of Fisheries has set up a large-scale research program that it hopes eventually will convince the public that "fish flour" is chemically pure and at the same time will induce the FDA to withdraw its objections. Moreover, William B. Dickinson Jr., staff writer for Editorial Research Reports, who provided the material for this piece, opines: "Nothing prevents the United States from sending dehydrated fish flour overseas aa part of our Food-for-Fcace program. Noth-ing, that is, except the certainty that Amer-ica would face a violent propaganda attack for trying to feed foreigners a food not considered suitable for American tables." It requires no educated imagination to comprehend how avidly Mr. K and his counterparts in China and elsewhere in south, cast Asia would pounce upon such a tidbit as that. Mr. Dickinson, who obviously has been exploring this subject extensively, goes on to tell us that "the distressed American fishing industry believes that, if a sizable market for fish flour can be developed in this country perhaps through the school lunch program it could be expanded rapidly into a new and major world market. While the United States debates the suit-ability of fish flour, other nations notably Sweden and Morocco are developing do-mestic and foreign markets for their own ground fish products. Among the "pro" arguments advanced in behalf of fish flour are these: That marine biologists estimate the presently unharvested and unwanted fish crop in U.S. coastal waters alone, if converted into fish flour or meal, would supply sufficient animal protein to supplement ade-qttately the deficient diets of one billion persons for 300 days at a cost of less than half of a cent a person a day. That more than half of the world's population suffers from lack of adequate food in both quantity and quality to sustain health, growth and physical vigor. That by the year 2,00036 years hence the population of Asia, Africa and Latin America will have increased by about three billion people an addition equal to today's world population. In conclusion this corner sizes up the conflicting arguments anent fish flour with this observation: Let everybody take his or her stand as his or her stomach dictates; but so far as "Talking It Over" is concerned, fish entrails would be no more palatable to us than those of worms or ants or any other form of animal life. Backlashes Galore By Philip Wagner WASHINGTON The cliche of the year, and sooner or later it creeps into every Washington conversation, is "white backlash." All agree that the backlash is going to be a tremendous factor in the November, voting. The question is, how tremendous? As used by the flaming liberals backlash stands for something evil. It is the response of narrow-minded and vengeful people (ready to take cowardly advantage of the secret ballot) to the efforts of liberals in behalf of the Negro population. As used by practical politicians of the Northern Democratic persuasion it is something to flog the Republicans with. The Republicans are expected to be the chief beneficiaries of this backlash. So naturally they are invited to accept the blame, or guilt, for it though the backlash is plainly not a Republican invention but something of spontaneous and popular origin. A suspicion grows nevertheless that these simplicities, while they sound well enough in Washington's heavily insulated atmosphere, do not really cover the situation. Congressmen who have lately ventured from Examining Goldwater Charges My Max Freed man WASHINGTON Senator CoSrl-WHter has said "this nation has gone to war only under one party and that is n-t the party that I represent." This is not the same as accusing the Democrats of lie longing to the war party, but is m-:-ou-ly close to that despicable charge. To remove all doubt, Senator Goldwater said the weakness and mistakes of Democratic administrations brought America into two World War, into the Korean War. an,! into the new ;hase of the war i:i Viet-rtam. Let u examine this charge in Kif'y j ears ago. at the start of the !;;' WorM War. thi otn'f wanted! to lie i..;,itel f:o:n Etir ag-ny. Ti e tn,t'.1 Spates b id no pou e-r j-:ivcn' the outbreak of that M. uggV. At 'hat i;;:ic it counted f..r hr.'.e in ' : war iian f she g.Cdt jwci-v Tho '.'antr v,i;;'.d to pin- 1'"' t !H rights f. jjip fl to .-..t .i, end if j;b.e he: shorten the conflict by a pirn ess of mediation. Tlirse aims wptp almost inii-vrrvil. They helrd to re-elect I'resident Wilton in 1916. His Republican opponent. Charles Kan Hughes, shared Wilsun's desire to stay out of the war. The voters, hv a small margin, decided that Wilson rather than Hughe should lie trusted with this task. It should be remembered that only a small minority, at this stae. snj-Irtcd the demand of former President Theixlore Roosevelt that America should join the war on the side if Britain and France. Most Americans, without recant to party, still preferred armed neutrality to participation in the war. Jim m In April 131" this country went to war because Germany's new policy -f un.rstricte.l submarine warfare, with its unlimited attacks on American shipping, seemed to ffer the Anicrii an people no choice. lie Senator Ciolwater now mt that the Kepulilican party could have prevented Germany from applying that policy? Or doe lie argue that America should meekly have submitted to the submarine attacks and done nothing about them? There has never been any evidence that (iermany paid the ttlighest attention in shaping her own war plans to what Republican politicians were saying or doing? .Moreter, it is a repulsive insult lo Republican to suggest that they would have been less eager than Democrats to protect American interests and American honor front erman attack. On analysis the myteruiu wisdom of the Republicans become as non-existent as their cowardice. What is dear is that the Republicans in II'IT. n less than the Demo. rats, could not have kept Amenta nit of the war without serkiis 'an a.e to its freedom and honor, i-cn- ato Goldwater has chosen to rewrite lii.story, and to convert a national tragedy into a pattern debate, to advance his personal ml,tical fortunes in an election campaign. Before the second World War the outstanding Republican in congress on all matters of foreign jwlicy was Senator Borah. He denied that war was com;ns in Europe and insisted that he had better information than ihe state department. In 19W President Roosevelt was able to win en extension of the draft in the house ol representatives by only one vote. IN en those Americans wlio wanted 1 aid the allies alwas insisted that they wanted all aid short of war. Then came I'earl Harbor. Once again one must ask the iiii sii-,n; could the K'tililic.nis have pre-rnted the atlark or would they have ilone nothing about it? If this question answers ilsclf. what right has Senator (oldwater. in logic r in honor, la cast slurs n the Democrats now? Capitol Hill into the great outer spaces where ordinary people live come back with all sorts of unsettling distinctions and qualifications. The white backlash, it seems, is of many degrees and varieties. The Southern backlash is a known thing, of course the dominant political issue in what amounts to a subnation. But elsewhere the backlash takes protean forms. White mothers of New York City and other metropoli are digging in their heels against the plan of the school people to use busloads of their children as guinea pigs in a social experiment. They don't necessarily hate Negroes or wish to oppress them. The people of Rochester and Paterson and Chicago and many another place look on in dismay at what can only be described as civil disobedience run to seed. Some take out their ire against the Negroes. The more perceptive put the finger on those well-meaning people the men of God and what H. L. Mencken used to call "the hope brokers" who put a gloss of respectability on civil disobedience by breaking laws they did not personally approve of, and now see a lofty principle put to uses they did not anticipate. In city after city it is the legal helpless-ness of unassuming people who bear no real grudge against the Negro as they behold the collapse of once stable neighborhoods. In city after city it is what might be called the switch-blade issue. If most of the wieldcrs of switch blades are Negroes, that is but incidental. The people are concerned about the switch blades, which is to say the insecurity of life on city streets, not about the color of the people who carry them. Over and over again, what is 'called white backlash turns out to be protest against the prevailing confusion of civil rights with social privileges, a very different thing. " But most unsettling of all are the reports brought back by returning explorers about backlashes that have little or no connection with the race issue. These range from harassmenfs by housing inspectors, imposed in the name of urban renewal, to indignation about over-zealous administration of the antitrust laws. There is more anxiety abroad than Washington seems able to realize about the capridousness and the arbitrariness and the free way with other people's dollars of the Washington agencies. These are the stirrings of a people reared in the tradition that the government governs best which governs least, and never quite weaned from that tradition. They represent a feeling that somehow government has gotten beyond control of the citizens. They are protests against what the French call dirigisme and others call authoritarianism. In this multitude of backlashes, the white backlash takes its place. It is the most vivid, certainly, and hence at the head of the line. But it is only one. There are backlashes all over the place, all loosely related yet different in their specifics. And it is the combined force of them, not just the force of the one that liberal Washington is obsessed with, that promises to keep the coming campaign from being a Democratic walk-over. The NcjilecU'il Hich (I.o'iisviilp Courier. Journal) Wh.le educating our poor child! en w e had better pay some attention to our rich ones, ten. since they are the ones who seem mott likely to be elected to high of! ice.

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