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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. FROM OTHER PAPERS— The Magic Word Is Education The number of Americans gainfully employed hit 'a new high in April, the government reports. Accompanying this good news was the better news that unemployment had finally dipped below the four-million mark. Let's take a breather, rest a moment on these laurels and- peer into the future a bit. In recent years, a persistent hard core of unemployment has marred a situation of generally high prosperity in this country. Signs point to the continuation of this "hard core", and its probable enlargement, in the years ahead. Automation, which is still just beginning, is probably the most frequently mentioned of these signs. There are other straws in the wind, however, which show there is more challenge than threat to America's economic future. It is becoming increasingly apparent that the problem will not be so much one of finding jobs for new people but finding people who can fill the new jobs that are coming into being. Two instances illustrate this: 1. A survey of 157 property and casualty insurance companies, with a total of 225,000 employes, revealed that they would be seeking 3,000 college graduates this June. These are not just salesmen's jobs but include claims adjusters, 'underwriters, accountants, actuaries, etc. The same companies last year hired 2,470 male graduates—yet one out of every six positions available went unfilled. 2. In another field, that created by automation itself in the form of high- speed computing or data processing machines, School Management magazine estimates that during the coming decade 500,000 jobs will be open for high school graduates. The categories include programmers, technicians, operators,' maintenance experts, etc. Higher up in the echelons of this new" industry is a growing list of exotic careers like "systems analyst" and "operations researcher." The story could be repeated in many other fields—some old, some unheard of a few years ago, like the two above. For the next generation, the rnagic v/ord more than ever is "education" —in the broadest sense: specific train- • ing, informed counseling, awareness of the trends shaping the America of tomorrow. (Kokomo Tribune) SENATORIAL ASTIGMATISM Name Presidents: Eminent public figures who want to try their hand at the job of heading up a college or university, without having the qualifications or the lasting commitment, came in for criticism in the report of Harold W. Dodds on administrators in higher education. The former President of Princeton named no names, but he said, "The college presidency is no place for a retired Governor (could he have meant Harold Stassen) or general (would that be Dwight D. Eisenhower) per se or a minister whose congregation or Bishop wants to kick him upstairs. The office of college or university president is one of academic leadership and not a sinecure. In the Past One Year Ago ' Fail-view district heads Urban Renewal list . . . Outline federal aid here . . . Goose creek on program. Exchange student Karl-Axel Skjolstrup, 17, Denmark youth, coming to Logansport ... He will be the fourth foreign exchange student to come to this city under, the American Field . Service program. 0. K. $109,000 project at Longcliff . . . Sewage treatment system. Ten Years Ago College students arrive to work at Logansport state hospital ... 30 will serve as psychiatric aides .through the summer months by arrangement with the American Friends Service Commission, a Quaker organization. Mother and daughter lose lives in crash ... Mrs. Edna Swisher and daughter, Sharon, 13, killed instantly on Ind. 25 tragedy. Burglars net-$38 from theft at Chickeri-on- Wheels cafe. Twenty Years Ago The last of 144 registrants of Cass county outside Logansport who registered Feb. 16 were mailed Selective Service classification ques- iionaires. A crowd of 10,000 WBS estimated to have witnessed White county's Victory Day celebration . parade at Monticeuo. Rev. E. H. Renter, pastor of the St. James Lutheran church, was in Ft. Wayne attending the convention of the central district Lutheran Missouri Synod. Fifty Years Ago Harry Martin, a Fulton product, had'jumped into fame having been the mechanic on the winner of the 500 mile race at Indianapolis. John Alber of Tenth and Broadway was t having his house covered with stucco. Mr. and Mrs. Earl Logan of Lincoln announce the birth of a son. • A DIM OF IT— WALTER WINCHELL Broadway and Elsewhere The White House Zoo: JFK's top problem (more than the Stuck- Market skid) is that his crystal- ball-experts have told him that 1964 will be a dip-prcssion year. (It's Election or Rejection year, too, Dad) . . . Insiders assure us that Bobby is masterminding brother Ted's campaign as he did Jack's . . . The Prez is also having Ambassador woes. Now it's Ambass • to - India Galbraith who wants a berth along Capitol Hill's cocktail-circuit . . . JFK's punch- line-writer ("Ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country!") is Ted. Sorcnson. (He asbcstos'd the blistering JFK attack against U. S. Steel's landlords) . . . WW's long-ago war against ratlio-tv ratings will finally result in some action by salons. The Oren Harris Committee .starts its hearings on "ratings" in the Fall . . . Will that brave committee please summon us to the stand? So I can make public why one of its sleuths lost his job when the Kennedy Clan ' won? . . . One brother phoned him ajid actually threatened: "1 don't want you to investigate my friend. Don't forget, pnl, my brother may be the next President of the United States!!!" From here June 4th: "Oklahoma's Gov. Edmundson has the inside track with Mr. Big to head the Food for Peace organization." From the June flth papers: "President Kennedy has decided to name Oklahoma's young Governor James Edmundson as the .new Food for Peace Director." Atl'n, please, U. S. Attorney- General Robert F. Kennedy: Who collected the insurance on ' the plane given to Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson by Texas pals and chums? That plane was wrecked on the Veep's ranch — killing the piolt and co-pilot . . . Washington says (according to Thomas Jefferson Ryan, of Coral Cables, Fla.) that it was Billie Sol Estes who gifted the Vice- Prez that plane ... If the plane was given to LBJ, how come Estes "collected" the insurance?... This reporter is told that the insurance records "tell the tale" and that the President of the. U. S. knows that whole melodrama . . . Troo. Mr. President?????- • Wall Streeters (as soon as they scope the backgrounds of certain get back their breath) will micro- investors. Suspicion is that the whole market frenzy was built on a few guys from Vegas. Using the market as a point-buying "numbers-game" . . . Mr. President is "very irate" because in private—Chancellor Adenauer reportedly tells intimates—that he longs for the "good old John Foster Dulles days" when it comes to dealing with East Berlin & Russia . . . Cuban newsmen (now helpers of The Daily Angry Winchell) say that Infidel Castrogue will petition the Int'l Court to make the U. 3. free Cuba's frozen assets . . . "WW is miffed (wrote a 'pal') with, the Kennedy's because Walter no longer can get any news out of thp White House" . . . "Poor Walter," sympathized. N. Y. Editor and ex-official (of The Young Communist League) James Wexla, "there is no fury .like a scorned columnist— who has lost his Washington pipeline" . . . Oh, you Squares! Your 4 corners are slicking out! Broadwayites wonder what kind of crystal-ball Mort Mitosky uses. This hit-picker added to his investments in the 3 Award-winning- B'way clicks. He also, has the heftiest chunk of the smash comedy, "A Funny Thing Happened to Me on the Way to the Forum" . . . The real reasorl Robert .T. Kennedy is trying to get a conviction (via any possible an^le) against Jimmy Hoffa (no fan of mine, by the way. When we were introduced a year ago—he shook h'ands with a pinky and walked off) is that the Gov't could then remove s.nd erase any union lead. er who has been convicted in any .court . , , Att'n our two-dozen readers in Greater New York: Please contribute to the Fal'.on & Finnegan Fund, The courageous detectives who were shot dead in that B'klyn holdup. Both wed. One left two babies, ages 2 and 4 ... Send your pennies, niciccls, dimes or tux to W. Wine-hell, N. Y. Mirror, 235 E. 45th St., N. Y. C. . . . Oultatown readers: Send • check to me care of my local editor. Never mind the Kunyon Cancer Fund for a while. Do this for .those children. Please? Eddie Fisher leads the list with $500. On the Lighter Side . . By DICK WEST WASHINGTON (UPD-Friends, •that tomato you picked up, so fair, unblemished and seemingly in the pink of condition, could be a case of beauty being only skin deep. The poor thing may be suffering from internal injuries. The theory that tomatoes are highly susceptible to internal bruising has just been resoundingly confirmed in the research laboratories of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. A report on the study brings to light some of the most fascinating discoveries that I have seen in many a day. First of all, the researchers established various ways that loma- loes can be bruised. They found lhat bruising can occur when tomatoes "are squeezed tightly together in a box," when there is "rough handling of the boxes," and "from dropping individual tomatoes- on hard surfaces." Not Previously Suspected As far as I know, nobody had previously suspected that dropping a tomato on a hard surface might cause it harm. ' The researchers then made some laboratory tests "to measure the amount of damage at various stages of ripeness when they were dropped distances ranging from 6 to 18. inches on a hard surface, and when dropped on a surface covered with a layer of foam .rubber," This led to the startling revelation that "injury to those dropped on hard surfaces was much the more serious." If I interpret that correctly, it means that tomatoes are more badly bruised when dropped on a hard surface than when dropped on a soft surface. Eureka! And that isn't a!!. The researchers also found that — hold onto your hats! — "the ripest tomatoes were injured most" by the dropping. ' Staled As Fact That may be hard to believe, but" the report states it as a fact. •Furthermore, it says' that injury from the dropping "was found to be cumulative; that is, when tomatoes were dropped two or more times, the damage was found to extend to more and more internal parts." That conclusion especially came as a shock to me. I had always believed that the more you dropped a tomato,.the better. The tomato research, valuable though it may be, had wliat I regard as one serious shortcoming. Apparently, the tests did not establish . whether the damage is greater when tomatoes are dropped at B inches or at 18 inches, . ,I trust that point will be cleared up in future experiments. And Reviews Of TV Shows Friday Evening, Juno 15,1962. By RICK DU BROW HOLLYWOOD (UPI)--To television viewers, Thurslday night's world premiere of the dance- drama "Noah and th<i Flood" by Igor Stravinsky may be significant to future programming for the way it was conceived. While music and ballet experts hash out a verdict on the master'.? latest creation — his first written expressly for television- there is hope in the fact that it was initiated by a network, CBS, which commissioned him to do it. One such act does not a renaissance make, of course. And it is to be hoped that similar gestures do not continue to be so few and far between — or await the publicity and prestige that accompany such event? as Stravinsky's 80th birthday, which occurs Sunday; ' , But there is some comfort in the thought that the lessening of single-sponsor control, because of the increasingly enormous costs of putting on a show, provides an opening for the networks to move in on — to assume more command in originating programs. The power of the "middleman" agencies, which work' between Ihe sponsors and the networks, is still considerable. But with the rising production costs, the dominant single advertiser—with his absolute control — is giving way to multi-sponsor deals for shows. It would be silly to think that this happy situation will result overnight in a golden age of television. 'But it does seem that the networks could now take it upon themselves to build up their use of talents and opportunities they have slighted. For instance: There is much talk abjout the wasteland, but not enough about the wasted land — the America between New York and Hollywood where every day colleges, local theatres and smaller television stations produce shows that could help overcome the shortage of network material. There is no rule that creativity is confined to the cultural' popinjays of Madison Ave. or the sunglasses set of Sunset Blvd. The wasteland, after all, was molded in these centers of creativity. The Channel Swim: CBS-TV's "I've Got A Secret" marks its 10th anniversary Monday. . .Buddy Ebsen guests on CBS-TV's "Checkmate" Wednesday. NBC- TV will broadcast baseball's two All-Star games July 10 and July 30. AiBC-TV's fall premiere of "The Voice of Firestone" stars Sally Ann Howes, Mischa Elman, Rise Stevens and Cesare Siepi... DBS-TV's July 3 debut of Jim Backus' "Talent Scouts" features Carol Burnett, Van Johnson and heavyweight boxing champion Floyd Patterson. Quotes From The News By United Press nternational WASHINGTON - President Kennedy, taking a long-range view of the easing of tensions in Laos: "It would encourage us to believe Uiat there has been a change in atmosphere and that other problems could be subjected to reason and solution." LONDON — Lawrence Marks, a British television critic, c o m - plaining that nearly half of the weekend television viewing in the London area is provided by American shows: "I doubt whether Parliament intended almost half our weekend entertainment to come from America." WASHINGTON - Jimmy (The Monk) Allegretli, an alleged vice figure from Chicago, testifying before the Sena/te Rackets subcommittee: "I'll have to take the Fifth." MOSCOW — Pianist Van Cli- foum, commenting on the visit of Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev to his sell-out concert: "It was so unexpected, I never thought he would come. We talked about many things, but really it was a family affair." KIRKT SWORN IN WASHINGTON CUPI) - Adm. Alan G. Kirk was sworn in ss U.S. ambassador to the Republic of China Thursday. He leaves tor Formosa June 20. then I hope the researchers will do some comparable work on the effect that dropping has on eggs. ©King Ffcataics Synd ale, ion, JJ62. World rights restive*. "It's our service for reducers. We call twice a day and eat your deseart!" PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dally («cept SnturdHyn and Holidays) 40c per week dnlly »nrt •nnctnj by carrier, »2O.8O per year In tke city of X.oB.injii>ort 40o per week by carrier ont«iae of I>ounn»port. By mall an rnral nmtei In €««», Carroll, White, Palnxkl, Fnlton «».l MUml con.tlw, •12.00 per year) outnide trading uea and within Indiana, C14.00 per yean outside milana, flg.OO pe r year. All mall untxcrlpllon. payabln in adrance. No mall labucrlptlomn Hold where carrier lervle* l> maintained, Pharo* «»tabll«lted _ rf ^8^E i _ ••ilil^i Reporter ejtabll«*e* 1H44 *•—•Jg" (••blinked dally except Saturday aad holiday* by Pharoi-Trlbna* Co., Ine. SIT Baat Broadway, Logauport, Indiana. Entered aa Meond elaac matter a* th* port of lie* at Iiocaniport, lad., under tko aet *I •arch 3. 187*. ' •EMBER* A.UUIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION* AITO TOUTED PRESi INTEKNATIOPJAL lUttmal AdTerttitec KommatattYM DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Roynd WASHINGTON—Business leaders, some of them having met recently with President Kennedy, now feel that they have him on the run. They have confided to associates that the slap-down he gave (he steel industry six weeks ago has been reversed, and that JFK is so worried over (he slock market that they have him eating out of their hand. "It's a rout," said one prominent industrialist. Business leaders may have underestimated Kennedy. Nevertheless, the factors on which they base their conclusions should be noted. They are: 1. The proposed Kennedy lax cut on big bracket incomes of 91 per cent down to 62 per cent. 2. The administration's admission that a cut in corporate and income taxes is in the works for next year. This is something business could never got out of Eisenhower. 3. News (hat Kennedy has told Sen. Harry Byrd, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, that he would compromise on dividend withholding taxes for this year. 4. Kennedy concessions on the medicare bill as outlined to ilie Ways and Means Committee by Secretary Ribicoff this week, 5. The rug-pulling on Sen. Kefauver's drug bill, which gave the drug industry almost everything it wanted to keep (he price of drugs high. Antitrust SIow-Down 6. The slowing-down of antitrust proseculion to a walk. There have been no big cases under Kennedy such as the electrical manufacturers which were initiated and prosecuted under Eisenhower. Also, word has now got out to business circles (rial the indictments against U.S. Steel and Bethlehem, announced immediately afler the steel price crisis, were slarled by Robert Bicks, Ike's antitrust man. In fact, JFK tried (o stop the indictments but couldn't. They had progressed loo far, (hanks to the push given them under Eisenhower. 7. Big business contracts — AT&T, General Electric, and other bellwethers of business are now getting the contracts they want regardless of their past antitrust records. Ralph Cordiner of General Electric, who was ousted by Secretary of Commerce Hodges as chairman of (he Business Advisory Council after three GE executives went to jail and GE was fined nearly $1,000,000, is now quite cocky about defense contracts. Recently he was quoled as having laid down the law that "GE must get apollo and no excuses." While GE didn't get the apollo capsule contract (Norlh American got it instead), GE did got another multibillion contract to land a man on (he moon. Inside industry, (his was considered quite a consolation from Kennedy in view of the recent jail sentences given GE executives. Biggest Bonanza Biggest Bonanza the Kennedy administration has handed (o big business is the communications contract to AT&T. This would never have made such favorable headway in Congress wilhout (he push given it by the White House. Most Senators considering (he AT&T contract don't know that as early as July 28, 1961, with (he Kennedy administration only seven months old, it gave AT&T the inside track for (he unprecedented communications satellite by agreeing to launch (wo satellites for the company. This was a concession no oilier company ever got from any administration. It permitted AT&T to use government facilities at Cape Canaveral, plus two Thor- Dclta rocket launchers built after years of expensive experiment a- tion, plus the use of government- trained launching crews, plus tracking facilities in the southern Atlantic, worked out by special treaty with Great Britain and Brazil. Though i( was announced (Iiat AT&T would pay hack (he Nalion- al Aeronautics and Space Administration, the terms of repayment were not. announced, and obviously (lie cost; of repayment will be very difficult (o figure. This, favor to AT&T just came naturally, however, for fhe tlep- u(y director of NASA who ok'd (he contract, Dr. Joseph F. Shea, used to work for AT&T. These are some of the quiet litlle favors which Hie Kennedy administration has done for business which make some business leaders fee! (hey now have (he upper hand with the ycung President, even if he did smack them down in (he steel price dispute. Bchinri Tile Scenes Speaker John McCownack, meeting at (he White House during the bitter battle between his nephew and the youngest Kennedy, never mentioned the contest. Nor did the President. White House aides pay tribute to 109 per cent cooperation from the speaker all during the Kennedy- McCormack fracas . . . The planned Republican deal in California is (hat Nixon will support Jos Shell, his Republican primary opponent, against Sen. Clair Engle, Democrat, in 1964. Engle slarled out as a whirlwind senator, recently has been limping. Insido (he Senate Commerce Committee he's become a backer of American Tel and Tel ... Clark Thompson, the socialist congressman from Texas, is married into one of Die wealthiest families in Texas and lives in one of the swankier homes in Washington—right next to the home of the Vatican's delegate. But inside the Ways and Means Committee lie's helping to block medicare which would help j)ay the doctors' bills of millions of oldslerii not so fortunate as Thompson . . . Tom Curtis, the GOP congressman from Missouri who poses as a liberal, has shown his true colors inside (he Ways and Means Committee, whera he's a key blocker of medicare. Almanac By United Press International Today is Friday, June 15, the 166lh day of the year with 199 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1215, King John of England set his seal on the Magna Carta. In 1752, Benjamin Franklin and his son demonstrated the relationship between electricity and lightning with a kite and an iron key. In 1922, the Permanent Court of International .lustice opened its first session at The Hague in tha Netherlands. A thought for the day: 'j'he Spanish author, Miguel Cervantes said: "The lance has never blunted the ]>en, n o r (he pen tho lance." Public Forum The Pharos-Tribune invites views of its readers. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and must be signed by the writer 'irith address. A request to use initials, and not the full name, will not be honored. Address letters to: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Iiid. HUBERT © KitiK Features Syndicate, Inc., 1962. World right! reserved. "I'd NEVER get any exiercise if it weren't itor golf."