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The Independent-Record from Helena, Montana • 1

Helena, Montana
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Vol. XII-No. 170 Helena, Montana, Tuesday, May 10, 1955 Price Five Centi Eisenhower Asks Vjl FINLAND, jt I Sabres Knock Down MIGs In Yellow Sea Dogfight -WZKL NETHER, WfiJ Red Aircraft Jumps U. S. Patrol Planes Court Test Looming on Interim Group Claims; Gov.

Aronson Supports Committee of Solons Nl I ij PORTUOJPAIN cision holding the 1953 interim legislative council to be illegal and declared that "by that standard the present legislative council is as well illegal for the same reasons." As these reasons he declared the members, who are THE NEW Western European Union gives this geographic picture with addition of West Germany (black). Other WEU nations (cross-hatched) are Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg. The new setup went Into force as the Bonn republic became sovereign a decade after end of World war II in Europe. Vaccine Reappraisals Will Start Wednesday; Salk Advises No Loss of Immunity Between Shots Soviet Switch Fails to Halt Treaty Plans Optimism Prevails That Big Four To Sign in Vienna Vienna, Austria Ml The West went ahead Tuesday with plans for signing the Austrian independence treaty this weekend despite a new monkey wrench from the Soviets. In continuing talks here on the treaty draft, Russian Ambassador I.

I. Ilyichev demanded Monday that economic concession Moscow promised last month to the Aus-trians be left out of the pact. Wants Original Instead ilyichev insisted that the original treaty draft provisions for reparations to Russia remain as written in 1949. He said the reductions Soviet Foreign Minister V. M.

Molotov agreed to in March should be covered in a separate pact, to be signed later by only the Russians and Aus-trians. Discussion of the issue was renewed Tuesday by Ilyichev and the British, French and U. S. ambassadors to Austria, who have been working out a final treaty draft since May 2. They have agreed on most other questions.

Despite the hitch over reparations, an optimistic belief prevailed that the Big Four foreign ministers would come here this weekend to sign the treaty ending the 10-year occupation of Austria. In Moscow, Austrian Ambassador Norbert Bischoff said Molotov told him at a reception Monday night he is ready to sign the treaty in Vienna next Sunday. Reports from Paris said U. S. Secretary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Harold Macmil-lan and French Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay planned to fly to Vienna Thursday, after conclusion of a NATO council meeting.

Russ Want Much Reparations to which all four occupation powers agreed in 1949 awarded the Russians extensive Austrian oil holdings for 25 to 30 years, assets of the big Danube Steamship Shipping company and 150 million dollars in cash for 300 industrial enterprises seized by the Soviets after the war. The three Western powers made no reparations claims. Moltov agreed in a Moscow conference with Austrian Chancellor Julius Raab to return the shipping company, exchange the oil holdings for a million tons of oil annually for 10 years, and to accept goods instead of cash for the other properties. Peiping Claims Sabre Downed Tokyo (IT) Peiping radio asserted Tuesday that one Sabre jet was shot down and two others were damaged in a clash with MIG jets off North Korea Monday. A broadcast said the U.

S. planes flew over Manchuria. The Peiping radio said Chinese Red planes intercepted the Sabres over some islands of Liaon-ing (Manchuria) province southwest of the Red air base of Antung. Peiping called it a "grave military provocation" and said S. authorities will have to bear full responsibility for all the grave consequences arising therefrom." Russ Premier To Top Parley France, Britain Join U.

S. in Extending Invitation to Soviet Moscow Ml President Ei senhower Tuesday invited So viet Premier Bulganin to meet him, British Prime Minister Eden and French Premier Faure for an informal discus sion of world problems. Similar invitations were delivered by France and Britain from their heads of government. U. S.

Charge d'Affaires Walter W. Walmsley delivered the invitation at the Soviet foreign min istry. Contents Not Known Walmsley declined to disclose contents of the note. The time and place suggested are not yet known in Moscow. When the invitation arrived, Premier Bulganin was en route to Warsaw by airplane with Foreign Minister V.

M. Molotov. They will attend the Warsaw conference, which is expected to set up an eastern NATO of Russia and its East European Communist allies. Consequently, there was no im mediate Soviet reaction to the in vitation, but it is believed that it will certainly be accepted. Wants Peace Washington (JP) President Eisenhower said Monday he stands ready to "do anything meet with anyone, anywhere" in the interest of world peace- In an informal talk to a national conference of Republican women, the president said the only condition for such a meeting would be that the United States could confer and maintain "self-respect." The president said: "We will not stand on minor points of protocol if there is the slightest chance to bring about a better world for our children and those who come after them." His statement brought cheers from the 1,500 women.

Administration Says Peace, Prosperity Aims Washington VP) President Eisenhower told the national con ference of Republican women ruesday morning that his administration has two main objectives widespread prosperity at home and peace abroad. In talking of peace, the president repeated that he believes the prospects for it on a lasting Dasis are on tne upswing. He called peace the central factor in the struggle against the "implacable hostility" of the doctrine of communism. As for the other main obiective of his administration, "widely shared increasing prosperity at home," the president said prosperity "never is the product of a static organism." He called for progress in highway construction and in the health field, as well as in education. Activity in those fields, the president said, will help to as sure higher wages and a een.

erally higher standard of living tor everyone. Uranium Proves Nuisance to Oi Industry St. Louis (JP) Most people would be happy to find a little silver, gold or uranium, but not members of the oil industry. Delegates to the midyear meet ing of the refining division of the American Petroleum Institute were told Tuesday that more than 30 different metals ranging from copper and zinc to gold and even uranium are found in oils, But if left in the oil the metals inactivate and make useless ex pensive catalysts using in making high-octane gasoline, Marvin Whistman and Barton H. Eccles- ton of the petroleum experiment station, U.

S. bureau of mines, at Bartlesville, said. The speakers added that petroleum won't become a profitable source for those metals as they are present in such small amounts. Attends Fair Tokyo (JP) The emperor and empress went to the fair Tuesday Tokyo's gigantic international trade fair. They saw chemical goods, industrial machines, toys, cameras and other products.

Tokyo Ml American sabre jets, jumped by Communist MIGs between North Korea and Red China, shot down two of the Russian-built jets and probably destroyed another Tuesday morning, the air force announced. The dogfight started over international waters of the Yellow Sea, the air force said, when "eight Sabres were attacked by 12 to 16 Communist fighters." The area is about 50 miles southwest of the mouth of the Yalu river, boundary between North Korea and Red China. Com munist China has a large air base at Antung and North Korea at Sinuiju, on opposite banks of the Yalu. Nationality Not Told The air force gave no clue on the nationality of the MIG's used by the air forces of North Korea, Communist China and Soviet Russia. It said all the Sabres returned to their Korean bases.

The air force said the Sabres, from the 35th Squadron of the 8th fighter-bomber wing, were on a patrol mission off the coast of North Korea and the MIG's fired first It said the Sabres returned the fire. Two Communist pilots bailed out and "the third plane was last seen, diving straight down trailing smoke." American pilots who scored were Capt. R. V. Fulton, Ber-nardsville, N.

Lt. B. C. Phy-thyon, Wadsworth, Ohio, and Lt J. E.

Mclnerney, Garden City, N. the air force announced. Third Incident It was the third almost identical incident in the same general Yellow Sea area in 16 months. Tuesday's battle the third Korean air clash since the end of the Korean war in July, 1953 brings the U. S.

MIG toll to five kills and one probable. The Sabres were flying alone this time, Far East air forces said. The United Nations Command charged at Panmunjom that the MIGs last February rose from North Korean air bases to make the attack and accused the Communists of an armistice violation. The Korean Communists countered with a protest that the American patrol flight had violated North Korean territory. Power Balance May Swing To Red China Paris (JP)V.

S. Secretary of State Dulles told NATO leaders Tuesday the Chinese Communist buildup on the mainland across from Formosa may shift the balance of air power there in the next few weeks. Up to now, the balance has been in favor of U. S. and Chinese Nationalist air forces.

Dulles said the massing of Communist weapons and supplies is so great as to threaten to give the Communists control of the air over Formosa Strait That control probably would be necessary to a successful invasion attempt. In a presentation on the Far East that occupied the Atlantic Council ail morning, Dulles said the United States has been under pressure to let the Chinese Nationalists hamper the build-up. The Nationalists have been asked not to, however, he said, and so far they had responded. He said this restraint entailed no little risk. House Military Okays Doctor Draft Program Washington (JP) The -house armed services committee Tuesday voted 24-0 for a two-year ex tension of the controversial military draft for doctors and dentists.

The measure, which now goes to the Hiuse, continues until mid-1957 the present law which makes all doctors, dentists and veterinarians subject to military service until they are 31 yean old. Future of the 1955 interim! legislative committee on the study of state governmental reorganiza tion appeared headed into the courts Tuesday after the board of examiners, by a one-to-one vote, refused approval of the committee's claims for expense money. The examiners' action came at a meeting at which Gov. J. Hugo Aronson signed his approval of the 11 claims submitted by the interim group earlier ir the day and Atty.

Gen. Arnold H. Olsen refused to approve the claims. The third member of the board, Secretary of State Sam W. Mitchell, was absent due to iliness.

Mitchell previously had de clared he would not approve the claims. Two affirmative votes are necessary for board of examiners' approval of any claims. Sen. Earl Moritz (R-Fergus), chairman of the 12-member interim committee which is composed of six state senators and six representatives, said late in the afternoon the committee had taken the board of examiners' action under advisement. Senator Moritz indicated the committee was considering the possiblity of securing the services of an attorney to take the matter into court but said final deter mination of that move would not be completed until Tuesday's session of the group.

He said the committee had con sidered the possibility of having one of its members who is an at torney in private life to handle the suit, or to secure the services of an outside attorney. Governor Aronson, in support of his vote favoring th payment of claims, said that "when I singed this bill into law, I hoped and believed that a legislative study committee could materially improve the functions of state government and submit to the next legislative session some studied programs and bills." "I would personally welcome a legislative committee to study any and all phases of my administration," he added, "I understood that the bill was drawn to eliminate the illegal parts of the previous interim committee which was declared unconstitutional by the supreme court. I hope that this matter might be settled once and for all in the courts. "My duty as governor dictates that I should attempt to carry out the laws and actions of the legislative branch of the government." Attorney General Olsen issued a statement in which he said that the state supreme court has said "that if the legislature in any of its functions is to sit for longer than 60 days, a constitutional amendment to that effect must be approved by the people." He referred to the court's de Today1 Baseball By The Associated Press National League Brooklyn. 000 001 101-3 9 0 Chicago 000 000 0000 1 1 Newcombe and Campanella; Hacker and Chiti.

Pittsburgh at Milwaukee, night. New York at Cincinnati, night Philadelphia at St. Louis, night American League Chicago 000 000 1304 7 1 Boston 100 010 0002 9 0 Keegan, Dorish (6), Fornieles (8) and Lollar; Brewer, Kinder (9) and White. Detroit at Washington, night. Kansas City at Baltimore, night.

Cleveland at New York, night. Conference Postponed Denver (JP) Gov. Ed C. Johnson said Tuesday a scheduled meeting of governors from the Missouri Basin States has been postponed to sometime between May 23 and June 6. The meeting had been scheduled for May 17 in Omaha.

To Confer With Chou Hong Kong (JP) Indian Diplomat V. K. Krishna Mcnon passed through Hong Kong Tuesday, en route to Pieping to discuss prospects for a Formosa settlement with Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lai. legislators, would be sitting for longer than 60 days, they would be holding civil office other than legislators, they would be "usurping functions" of other governmental department, executive and judicial, and, under the act in question, they would be receiving extraordinary allowances for officers. John McKeon Retained for High Court Jest Morftana's between-sessions legislative commission on reorganization of state government Tuesday decided to test its legality in the courts.

The commission chairman, Sen. Earl Moritz (R-Fergus) said the group had hired John L. McKeon, Anaconda attorney i nd former assistant attorney general, to argue its case. McKeon will be assisted by these attorney members of the in terim Little Hoover commission: Sens. R.

C. Harken (R-Rosebud) and Robert G. Dwyer (DSilver Bow) and Reps. Patrick F. Hooks (DBroadwater) and James Felt (R-Yellowstone).

itz and McKeon and the oth er attorneys will ask the Montana supreme court to take original jurisdiction in the matter, thus bypassing district court and ex pediting a decision. "The legislature," said Moritz, "appointed us to do a job. It's a mandate from the legislature. We have no alternative but to go ahead with the work we have set out to do." McKeon said he would advise Moritz on the court action next week. The commission's next meeting is to be June 1-2 in Helena.

This decision to resort to liti gation in an effort to continue its life followed failure of the admin istrative board of examiners to approve commissioners claims for travel and expenses. Joan Crawford Weds Bottler, Is Very Happy Las Vegas, Nev. (JP) Movie queen Joan Crawford mpde a flying trip to Las Vegas and was married in a surprise ceremony early Tuesday to Alfred N. Steele, president of the Pepsi-Cola company. The civil ceremony was per formed at 2:10 a.

m. in the pent house of the Flamingo hotel. The 47-year-old star was in a gay mood and after the ceremony said: "This is the happiest mo ment of my life." For Miss Crawford, a veteran of more than 25 years in the movies, this was the fourth mar riage. She was married to Doug las Fairbanks, Jr. in 1929 and they divorced in 1933.

Her marriage to actor Franchot Tone in 1935 ended in divorce in 1939. Three years later she and Philip Terry were married, and divorce came in 1946. War Is Inevitable In Opinion of Thailand Leader New York (JP) Thailand's prime minister, Field Marshal P. Pibulsonggram, said Tuesday "World war III is inevitable." "I am sure it will be won by the free world, with Thailand standing as one of democracy's partners," he told a news con ference. Talks such as are being conducted in various places are sim-iliar to those that have preceded every great war in the world's history, the prime minister held.

He said it was possible commu nism might "talk itself out" with out a shooting war but felt it more likely that the question of war had narrowed to "when, where and under what circumstances." Washington (IP) Rep. Priest (D-Tenn.) said Tuesday the gov- ment evidently plans a "much closer" check in the future before clearing supplies of Salk anti- polio vaccine for public use. Priest described as well In order" the recommendation for a temporary halt In mass vaccinations. He is chairman of the com merce committee, which handles most health legislation. On the basis of consultations with admin istration officials, he said in an interview he understands the Objectors Test Radiated Food For Army Menu Denver (JP) Nine conscientious objectors are eating food treated with atomic radiation so American soldiers of the future may not have to battle, the tradi tional tin can.

At Fitzsimons army hospital here they are experimenting to see how much nutrition is retained in food when it is preserved with radiation instead of stored in cans. Maj. Gen. M. E.

Griffin, Fitz-simons commandant, joined the nine volunteers in their first such meal Monday with Lt. Col. Carl J. Koehn, head of the medical nutritional laboratory. A hospital spokesman said there is no danger in eating the foods.

"The only significant change observed in the irradiated foods" in experiments on animals, he said, "was a minimum loss of vitamin content which is similar to the slight loss of vitamins in heat-canned foods." In Washington, Maj. Gen. K. F. Hertford, chief of army research, said the radiation may preserve a greater variety of foods "with far better taste and texture than available from conventional methods." Armies for 150 years have been eating out of cans, he said, and the defense department with a 1-billion-dollar annual food bill regards the advantages of radiated food as "of tremendous magnitude." The official Helena tern-perature at 2 p.

m. was 65 National Station Max. Min. Pep. Bismarck, N.

63 35 Calgary, Alta 53 34 Cheyenne, Wyo 51 34 Chicago, 111 51 48 .30 Denver, Colo 60 41 .11 Kansas City, Mo 73 60 .10 Las Vegas, Nev 83 58 Los Angeles 71 56 Paul 51 47 .11 New Orleans, La 90 67 New York City 55 43 Portland, Ore 66 43 St. Louis, Mo 76 65 .03 Salt Lake City, Utah 66 35 San Calif. 75 48 Seattle, Wash 62 47 .07 Spokane, Wash 60 46 Washington, D. 68 54 BUTTER LUCK NEXT TIME Freckled Robert Maslin, 12, was disqualified when he tried to enter his bullfrog in the butter churning contest at the third annual Butter Day celebration in Mansfield, Mo. Robert wanted to drop the frog into the bucket of cream and let the croaker churn it by kicking around.

Might have worked, too, but the judges thought the boy should do the churning himself. Bulganin Leads Delegation To East NATO Moscow (JP) Premier Nikolai Bulganin led a Soviet delegation to Warsaw Tuesday for the birth of- the Communist version of NATO. Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and Defense Minister Georgi Zhukov accompanied the premier for the Soviet bloc security conference, which opens Wednesday, The delegation also included a number of top officials from various Soviet republics.

The conference was called to pool the armed forces of the Soviet Union and "its seven East Eu ropean allies under a joint com mand. The eight 'nations had pledged in Moscow last Dec. 2 to take that action if West Germany were rearmed. A declaration following the Moscow meeting said: "All these measures are. in conformity with the inalienable rights of states to self defense, are in conformity with the United Nations charter, and with previous agreements di rected against remilitarization of Western Germany." The Soviets will be joined in the unified Eastern command by East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bui garia and Albania.

Red China, which had voiced its support of the earlier Moscow pledge, is to be represented at the Warsaw conference by an observer. Hawaii, Alaska Statehood Bill Evokes Charges Washington (JP) Rep. Pillion opposing a bill to admit Hawaii and Alaska as states, told the house Tuesday its enactment would "deliver the Hawaiian state government to the Communist party on a silver platter." On the other side, Delegate Bartlett (D-Alaska) said the state department believes that admis sion of Hawaii would strengthen this country's position in the Far East, and be an effective reply to Communist propaganda against U. S. "colonialism." Republican Leader Martin who opposes the bill, told newsmer it has "a chance to pass," but added that he wouldn't be surprised to see it shelved by being sent back to committee a move opponents planned to try.

Explosion Kills 49 Taipei, Formosa (JP) Forty- nine persons were killed in an explosion Monday aboard a small military ship at Kaohsiung, in southern Formosa, Chinese Nationalist newspapers said Tues day. World war II Japanese shells were being loaded aboard the 100 ton craft for dumping at sea when the blast shattered the vessel. health and welfare department is planning a much closer laboratory check on future supplies before they are released. Chairman Spence announcing his house banking committee will resume hearings on polio issues Wednesday, gave a little less enthusastic backing to administration officials. Spence said he thinks Dr.

Leonard Scheele, surgeon general of the public health service who called for the inoculation standstill, is "a good public servant, doing the best he can in a tough spot." Scheele said Tuesday that a reappraisal, ordered made bofore any more vaccine is cleared for use, will begin Wednesday with an inspection at the plant of one manufacturer. He did not name the manufacturer but it had been indicated previously that Parke- Davis would be first on the list for visiting teams of federal ex perts. The surgeon general said is no danger that the holdup on new supplies of vaccine will be so long that children given their first shots will have to take them over. If the interval between first and second shots runs a few weeks past the two to four weeks originally scheduled, he said, no immunity will be lort. Asked if he had any word to give to worried parents, Scheele said "Salk vaccine is a wonderful vaccine" and added: "The only trouble is we just don't have enough." Dr.

Jonas E. Salk, developer of the vaccine, gave assurance in Pittsburgh Monday night that in jection No. 1 will not lose its potency if shot No. 2 is delayed be yond four weeks. Europe Problems Discussion Is Sought by NATO Paris (JP) The Western Big Three, backed by the whole NATO alliance, invited the Soviet Union Tuesday to a top level conference this summer on East-West prob lems in Europe.

Notes suggesting such a meet ing were being cabled to Moscow for delivery at the Kremlin Tues day night or early Wednesday, diplomatic informants said. Armed with President Eisen hower's consent, American, French and British experts fin ished up the text of the invitation and quickly obtained the ap proval of the NATO ministers, in eluding West Germany's Chancel lor-Foreign Minister Konrad Adenauer. Under the proposal, U. S. Sec retary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Harold Mac millan, French Foreign Min ister Antoine Pinay and Soviet Foreign Minister V.

M. Molotov would meet a day or two in ad vance of a meeting "at the summit" of Eisenhower, Soviet Pre mier Nikolai Bulganin, British Prime Minister Eden and French Premier Edgar Faure. British Diplomat Talks to Chou, Reply Set Later London (JP) Britain said Tuesday its diplomatic representative in Peiping has discussed the Formosa situation with Premier Chou En-lai and was told Red China will reply with its view "in due course." This was announced by a foreign office spokesman who said Humphrey Trevelyan, the British charge d'affaires, had met Chou. State, National Weather Forecast, Helena and vicinity Partly cloudy through Wednesday. Low 38, high 70.

Montana Station Max. Min. Pep. Billings 64 43 Belgrade 61 33 Broadus 60 39 3utte 56 30 Ou' Bank 56 37 Dillon 63 35 Orummond 59 25 Glasgow 59 39 f.reat Falls 63 43 Havre 64 41 Helena 61 31 Xalispell 59 28 Lewistown 60 33 Livingston 63 44 Miles City 65 39 Missoula 60 32 West Yellowstone 54 24 Whitehall 64 34 Maximum temperatures for preceding calendar day; precipitation for 24 hours ending at 5:30 a. minimum temperatures for 12-hour period ending at 5:30 a.

m. Montana Partly cloudy through Wednesday, scattered showers mostly in north and in western mountains. Lows 3545, highs 60-65 west, 65-75 east..

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