The Independent-Record from Helena, Montana on April 12, 1955 · 1
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The Independent-Record from Helena, Montana · 1

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Tuesday, April 12, 1955
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Vol. XII-No. 142 Helena, Montana, Tuesday, April 12, 1955 Price Five Centi rW IWWmi1JWIIMIM' III IJIMWl lini)i ! , '! ' ., ' , . V 1 I ' , i V; ! Pj Hi J REDMOND CRIBBINS (above), 42-year old ex-convict, is sought for questioning in the $305,000 robbery of the Chase Manhattan banks in Woodside, Queens, New York. Bank employes identified Cribhins from rogues gallery photos as the man who herded them into the vault. In I !)32 Cribbins was sentenced to from 30 years to life for the holdup killing of a butcher. Cribbins was released in 1948 on lifetime parole. Secretary of State SaysCorsi Made Reckless Charges After He Was Dismissed From His Job Washington (P) Secretary of State Dulles said Tuesday Edward J. Corsi made reckless charge after his dismissal from a state department job. Dulles added that Corsi's ouster was in no way dictated by a desire to get along with congress. Corsi, special adviser to Dulles on immigration matters, lost the post Sunday when Dulles abolished the assignment. Dulles said it had been temporary all along. Corsi, Italian-born veteran of public office in New York state, came back Monday with a letter to the secretary turning down the offer of another post. He said "an intolerant minority both in congress and within the department" have sabotaged the ad ministration's refugee relief program. Dulles referred to this as a reckless charge. Corsi named Rep. Walter (D-Pa.) specifically in his complaint about congressmen'." acti ns, and later criticized by name W. Scott McLeod, chief of the refugee program, in discussing what Corsi said went on in the department. Tuesday Dulles told a near-record number of reporters at a news conference that Corsi was dismissed because he wanted to be named administrator of the program to admit refugees into this country. That, the secretary said, would have been in defiance of the law which gives the job to the department's security chief, McLeod. Testing of Bomb Effect Delayed Las Vegas, Nev. (JP) An elaborate test of atomic blast effects on military supplies was postponed until Thursday at a weather conference Tuesday morning. The shot, originally set for last Friday but delayed since then because of unfavorable weather, is to be detonated from a 400-foot tower at the Frenchman Flat section of the Nevada proving ground. State, National Weather Forecast, Helena and vicinity-Increasing cloudiness, light rain or snow through Wednesday. Low 32, high 40. Montana Station Max. Min. Pep. Billings 47 29 .... Belgrade 41 25 .03 Broadus 47 35 Tr Butte 41 21 Tr Cut Bank 48 25 ... Dillon 45 25 .... Drummond 46 19 Tr Glasgow 55 30 ... Great Falls 50 30 .... Havre 54 31 ... Helena 49 26 ... Kalispell 48 26 .01 Lewistown 44 26 .01 Livingston 43 28 Tr Miles City 53 30 .... Missoula 49 24 Tr West Yellowstone .. 46 Whitehall 45 24 Tr Maximum temperatures for preceding calendar day; precipitation for 24 hours ending at 5:30 a. m.; minimum temperatures for 12-hour period ending at 5:30 a. m. Montana Increasing cloudiness, occasional rain or snow, snow in higher elevations, windy, west through Wcdncsv. Lows 25-35 west, 28-38 east; highs 40-48 west, 42 50 n-4. Sen. George Says Administration To Seek UN Resolution Banning Use of Force in Formosan Strait By Jack Bell Washington (JP) Sen. George (D-Ga.) disclosed Tuesday the El senhower administration is con sidering asking the United Na Hons general assembly to pass a resolution against the use of lorce in Formosa strait. Adlai E. Stevenson proposed in a national radio broadcast Monday night that this country submit a resolution condemning any attempt to "alter the status of Formosa by force. The 1952 Democratic presidential nominee also urged efforts in the assembly to "seek a formula for the permanent future of Formosa." In New York, UN diplomats Churchill Leaves London (JP) Sir Winston Churchill, clutching a last-minute letter from his sovereign, took off from London airport Tuesday for a two-week holiday in Sicily. Pre sumably Queen Elizabeth II was wishing Godspeed to the 80-year-old former prime minister . Secretary Dulles appeared to have committed a potentially costly political error in the Corsi case. Dulles bounced his "old friend" Corsi out of a job after Walter said Corsi had once belonged to groups later tagged as subversive. Corsi disputed that and said his support for liberal immigration policies was responsible for Walter's opposiUon to him. Corsi is a veteran GOP officeholder in Nev Y'ork state. The political implications were pointed up by the public plea of Republican National Chairman Leonard W. Hall that Corsi continue to serve the Eisenhower administration. Democratic Gov. Averell Harri-man of New York promptly jumped into tho matter by saying he had offered Corsi some time ago a job on the state refugee commission. Aides said the job is an unsalaried one. jury Dismissed In Butte Boy's Trial for Death Butte (P) A district court jury was dismissed Tuesday when it was unable to reach agreement in a manslaughter case. The eight-man four-woman jury had spent nearly 6Vz hours considering the evidence against Craig Dietrich, 17, when the foreman announced that eight ballots had been taken unsuccessfully. Dietrich was charged with manslaughter in the street fight death last May of William C. Sagar, 47. Really Good Job Vancouver, B. C. (JP) Police, who stopped a man here over the weekend and asked if he had any visible means of support were speechless at his reply. "I repair hotel and roominghouse doors broken down by raiding city and mounted police liquor and narcotic squads," he said. "Business is brisk." The official Helena tern- CA perature of 2 p. m. was National Station Max. Min. Pep. Bismarck, N. D 60 44 ... Calgary, Alta 44 26 .04 Cheyenne, Wyo 43 24 .83 Chicago, 111 59 56 .22 Denver, Colo 49 28 .38 Kansas City, Mo 71 52 .95 Las Vegas, Nev 67 40 .... Los Angeles 82 61 .... Mpls.-St. Paul 76 54 .... New Orleans, La 81 69 ... New York City 82 48 Tr Portland, Ore. 51 45 .40 St. Louis, Mo 66 54 .10 Salt Lake City 48 31 .... San Francisco 61 46 .... Seattle, Wash 48 40 .22 Spokane, Wash 48 30 .... Washington, D. C 74 58 .60 said they knew of no move pending along this line. But George, chairman of the senate foreign relations committee, said in a telephone interview from his home in Vienna, Ga., the proposal to put the assembly on record against the useof force in the Formosa area has been under state department consideration. "But they haven't been quite willing to risk it thus far," he said. "That is one possible way to bring the United Nations in on a ceasefire agreement, if it could be accomplished." George said he believes Stevenson's proposal for general as sembly consideration of "a formula for the permanent future of Formosa" is all right if the Russians would agree to line up against the use of force in the area. "There might be some possibility of moving in that direction if we could get the first step taken and obtain a cease-fire agreement," the Georgian said. "It is something that cannot be done out of hand now." He expressed belief that Red China would not attack National ist strongholds if Russia could be induced to join in such an agreement. lie also said the possibility of getting such an agreement was one of the reasons behind his proposal for a top level big power meeting. Wyoming Snow Said Not From A-Test Las Veras. Nev. (JP) The atomic energy commission doubts that radioactive snow reported in a Wyoming community could have come from last Saturday's atomic blast in Nevada. An AEC spokesman said the main portion of the cloud from Saturday's explosion drifted west. He said it was considered doubtful the portion which headed east could have carried as far as Riverton, Wyo . It was there that Lawrence Gib son, a radio repairman, reported that snow which fell at Riverton boosted the radiation count about 30 times normal. Gibson said he discovered the radioactivity in the snow while testing instruments he had repaired. He said his meters read 300 counts, compared with a normal background of 10 or 12. An Ae,C official pointed out late Monday that it didn't know if the "counts" referred to bv Gib- son were milliroentgens or frac tions ot milliroentgens. "Even if this were 300 milliroentgens, it would be a relatively low and harmless dosage," he said. Clouds from larger atomic tests frequently travel around the world at least once. Some sci-nentists have said radioactivity could accumulate in the atmos-phere during the course of a lengthy atomic test series like the one in progress near Las Vegas. Helena Physician Takes Part in 'Operation Fatty Tripoli, Libya (JP) "Opera tion fatty" is trimming waistlines for bulgy members of the 17th U. S. Air Force at nearhv Wheelus field. Lt. Col. Claude M. Mears, 42, Helena. Mont., commanding nffi. cer at the base hospital, said he lost 14 pounds as the result of a slimming diet he drafted in conjunction with Air Force dieti cians. The diet provides 1,000 calories a day and admonitions to eat nothing between meals and cut out both alcoholic and soft drinks. Each member of the Air Force is weighed weekly. Bulgies are directed to the base hospital for trimming down action. Parents and Six Children Die In Burning Home Saratoga Springs, N. Y. (JP) A mother and father and six children perished early Tuesday as fire leveled a downtown business and apartment building. More than 60 persons lived in the three-story frame structure in the business section of this up state horse-racing resort. Many fled, screaming, to the street, half-dressed. One man was hospitalized with burns. Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Abeel, their five children, and 10-year- old Garry LaRue' were trapped as the flames engulfed the building. The ages of the Abeel children ranged up to 11. MRS. ALMA FERGUSON, 52, does not appear unhappy at prospect of six months in jail in Chicago. But she may have to serve it, or cough up a $25,-000 alienation of affections judgment to Mrs. Theresa Prit-chard. Mrs. Prikhard would would have to pay $3.50 a week to have Mrs. Ferguson jailed on the malice charge. . Fifty Witnesses Discuss UN Before Solons Denver (JP) Fifty witnesses at a U. S. senate subcommittee hearing clashed sharply here Monday over the United Nations and what the U. S. role should be in relation to it. The hearing was the 10th in a series to sound out public opinion on proposed changes in the UN charter. Presiding were Sens. John Sparkman (D-Ala.), William Knowland (R-Calif.) and Mike Mansfield (D-Mont.). The senators, in afternoon and evening sessions lasting six hours, heard recommendations ranging from immediate U. S. withdrawal from the world organization to expansion of power for the UN. Two witnesses who recommended immediate U. S. withdrawal at the evening session were Harry II. Hoiles, publisher of the Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph, and Robert LaFevre of Colorado Springs, representing the Congress of Freedom. Despite the fervent pleas of Hoiles and LeFevre, newsmen at the hearing estimated only 10 per cent of the witnesses definitely opposed U. S. participation in the world organization. One of the strongest supporters of the UN was Charles Brannan, former secretary of agriculture in the Truman administration and currently attorney for the Na tional Farmers Union. He proposed the UN be opened to membership by any nation acceptable to the general assembly instead of the security council. More Than 30,000 Montana School Children Are to Get Polio Vaccine Shots When Available More than 30,000 first and second graders in Montana schools are expected to get polio vaccine shots as soon as it is made available by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. There was no report Tuesday morning, soon after release of the favorable report on the Salk vaccine, as to when supplies of the vaccine would become available in Montana. Details of the Montana outlook Vaccine License Announcement Delayed Today Washington (JP) The department of health, education and welfare put out Tuesday and then cancelled an announcement that the Salk polio vaccine would be formally licensed at 4 p. m. for public use. "The announcement that the Salk vaccine will be licensed at 4 p. m. (EST) today was premature," the department said shortly after 2:25 o'clock. The original statement came out about noon. A spokesman for the department said another announcement with respect to the licensing will be forthcoming later. In answer to questions he would only say that "technical difficulties" had arisen in making the official evaluation of the product. Formal licensing requires the signature of Secretary Oveta Culp Hobby. That was the ceremony set for 4 o'clock and then cancelled. Without her signature the vaccine cannot be sold commercially. Salk Polio Vaccine Termed Safe, Effective, Potent Stevenson Sees Retreat or War in Formosa Chicago (JP) Adlai Stevenson says the United States has put itself in a position in Asia where it faces "ano her damaging and humiliating retreat, or else the hazard of war." He called Mondi, night for a joint declaration by the free na tions condemning the use of force in the 100-mile wir1? strait between Nationalist Formosa and Communist China. The 1952 Democratic presidential nominee, in a nationwide radio broadcast, said a "dead end policy," of the Eisenhower admin istration put the United States in its present position in Asia. The administration's "policy of extravagant words" in the Far Eastern situation, Stevenson de clared, "has alarmed our friends a good deal more than it has deterred the aggressors." The tragedy is that the possi bility of war just now seems to hinge upon Quemoy and aMtsu. small islands that lie almost as close to the coast of China as Staten island does to New York," Stevenson said. "I have the greatest misgivings about risking a third world war in defense of these little islands in which we would have neither the same legal justification nor the same support as in the defense of Formosa," he added. He said the United States should enlist both its friends and the neutral nations in "an open declaration condemning the use of force in Formosa strait." He said Russia also should be asked to "declare its position." Stevenson said the United Nations general assembly also should seek a permanen. solution to the Formosa problem. At UN headquarters in New York, diplomats s..id the question of any UN action on Formosa of the offshore islands has been resting quietly on a shell since Red China refused several weeks ago even to discuss the security council's attempt to arrange a cease-fire. Will Investigate Tokyo (JP) The education ministry Tuesday promised an in vestigation of radio Tokyo TV. The station started its second week Friday telecasting a weekly, 20-minute strip tease. were expected to be made public late this afternoon at a news conference called by Dr. G. D. Car-lyle Thompson, executive officer of the state board of health. In anticipation of a good report on the polio vaccine, as a result of last year's tests, educational material was mailed to all Montana counties. Eligible to get the free vaccine, to be furnished by the national foundation, will be children in the first two grades of public and parochial schools. Written consent of their parents will be needed. In addition, the first four grades in Missoula, Mineral, Park and Gallatin counties will be eligible. Those are the counties in which about 4,000 children got shots of vaccine or of neutral material. Montana was one of 11 states in which these dummy shots were given to some of the children. Monday, the board of health received the code numbers for the Montana children in the four test counties. A list is now being compiled that will show which children got the polio vaccine in the state and which received the dummy shots. Thompson said this list may be available by Wednesday. In addition to the free supplies to be distributed by the state, commercial drug outlets are to receive the vaccine at the same time. Purchase will be through doctors' prescriptions. Fleet Is at Sea Taipei, Formosa (JP) Vice Adm. Alfred M. Pride put to sea Tuesday aboard his U. S. Seventh fleet flagship, the USS Rochester, after conferences with top Nation alist Chinese and American officers. Unconfirmed press reports said he was to observe maneuvers in Formosa strait. Mrs. Emma Woodson Baker, Helena Centenarian, Will Mark Her Wist Birthday Here Wednesday Emma Woodson Baker, Helena's remarkable centenarian, will blow out one candle on her birth day cake tomorrow, when she will be 101 years old. "No sense fill ing the cake with a lot of candles," she says. The pretty little woman is active, alert and stronger physically than she was on her 100th birthday, her daughter, Mrs. Samuel V. Stewart, with whom she lives at 420 North Park, said Monday. Mrs. Baker two years ago expressed the ambition to live longer than her mother, who lived to be 100 years and six months old. "Mother was blind from the time I was three months old," Mrs. Baker says, "but I've never been sick. I think that's quite re-m rkable." Arising at 8 o'clock every morning, Mrs. Baker spends most of her time knitting. It is very important to her to "keep busy." She takes an active interest in events of the day and interprets them with the wisdom of one who has lived through the administrations of 20 American presidents, five major wars, inventions ranging from the peda? sewing machine through the atumic bomb, depressions, international chaos and a pretty fair chunk of American history. She can remember when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated and she can't imagine how any American could become a Communist. The oldest living graduate of Stephens college in Columbia, Mo., Mrs. Baker was born in that city .April 13, 1854. She was the youngest of the 11 children of Judge Warren and Amanda Dick Woodson. One week after her graduation from college, she was married to William R. Baker, who was known as Colonel Baker. Thr couple had five children. They came to White Sulphur Ekalaka Bank Official Is Highway Victim Ekalaka (JP) Marion R. Ems-wiler, 26, a director of the First National bank of Ekalaka, Tuesday was injured fatally in a highway crash. A companion, Paul Robey of Ekalaka, suffered cuts and bruises. The banker was the last ot" three brothers to be killed. Emswiler, returning from Miles City, swerved his car to avoid hitting a cow on Montana high way 7. His car turned over about one mile from home. Emswiler was able to help Robey from the wTeck. They hailed a motorist who sent an am bulance. Emswiler died in an Ekalaka hospital about two hours later. He had gone to Miles City to have his eye glasses fixed. It was Montana's 47th traffic death of 1955. A year ago there were 44 deaths. Emswiler's two brothers were casualties of WTorld war II. T oday's Baseball By The Associated Press American League Boston .... 120 102 1007 13 0 Baltimore . 001 000 0001 5 2 Sullivan and White; Coleman, Kretlow (3), Ferrarese (6) and Moss. Chicago 000 001 Cleveland 220 010 Trucks and Lollar; Lemon and Hegan. Detroit 000 Kansas City .. 011 Garver and Wilson; Kellner and Astroth. Washington at New York, postponed, Rain. National League St. Louis 100 100 Chicago 650 200 Lawrence, Schultz (1), Jacobs (2) and Sarni; Min.?er and Chiti. Cincin 000 000 Milwaukee .... 100 000 Staley and. Bailey; Spahn and Crandall. Pittsburgh at Brooklyn, postponed, rain. New York at Philadelphia, postponed, rain. Springs from Missouri in 1889, the year Montana was admitted to thi union. Five years later they returned to Missouri, but they went to Virginia City, where Mr. and Mrs. Stewart lived, 43 years ago. The family came to Helena in 1913, when Mr. Stewart be came governor of Montana. Mr. Baker died in 1926 and Governor Stewart on Sept. 15, 1939. Mrs. Stewart and Mrs. IB Photo Emma Woodson Baker Baker have lived together in Helena continuously. "Mama's younger than I am in lots of ways," Mrs. Stewart said. "We received a letter from a nephew of hers recently, asking for some words in a song she used to sing to us children years ago. He remembered some, but had forgotten the rest. Mama remembers the words and she's going to fill in the missing ones for him." In addition to Mrs. Stewart, Mrs. Baker has another daughter, Mrs. J. P. Baldwin of Eureka, Kan. Among her four grand children, three will help her cele brate her birthday tomorrow. They include Mrs. James E. Brickett of Ronan, Mrs. R. G. Keeton of Bozeman and Mrs. Philip H. Stephens of Helena. She has five great-grandchildren. "I've enjoyed this life, but I know there is a better one ahead and I have no desire to live if and when I beconv a burden to anyone," Mrs. Baker says. Attorneys Argue Segregation Before Top Court Washington (JP) A South Carolina attorney told the su preme court Tuesday the white people in the Clarendon school district of his state would not send their children to public schools with Negroes. S. E. Rogers of Summerton, S. C, made the statement when Chief Justice Warren asked him whether an "honest attempt" would be made to comply with whatever the court orders as to when and how segregation must end. "Let's get the word honest out of this," Rogers replied. He added that the white people would not comply if it meant sending their children to school with Negroes. Justice Burton spoke up to suggest that Rogers was not saying the white people would "violate" the decree, but merely would not send their children to unsegre-gated schools. Justice Frankfurter demanded whether Rogers was suggesting in his argument that the supreme court reconsider its declaration of last May 17 that race segregation in public schools in unconstitutional. "No sir," Rogers replied. "We are asking an opportunity to work it out on the local level." Rogers was the lead-off attorney for school districts in South Carolina and Virginia which are demanding an indefinite delay in wiping out of the color line in schools. Rogers followed two attorneys for Negro parents, Thurgood Marshall and Spottswood Robinson III, who demanded that the cmrt issue decrees ending segre gation by the next school year in September or by September, 1956, at the latest. ; ir i Scientists See Full Triumph Over Disease By Alton L. Blakeslce Ann Arbor, Mich. '.D The Salk polio vaccine is safe, cf-fective and potent, it was officially announced Monday. The vaccine was found 80 to 90 per cent effective in preventing paralytic polio in tests last year, anxious parents were told Monday by Dr. Thomas 1-rant-is, Jr., of the University of Michigan. Dr. Jonas E. Salk of Pittsburgh immediately declared he is sure the vaccine is potentially almost 100 per cent effective and can bring complete triumph over polio and its lieutenants of terror and tragedy. Dr. Francis' official report de clared the vaccine had produced an extremely successful effect" arrong children with bulbar polio, the most dangerous type. There is no doubt that children row can be vaccinated successfully to end the threat of polio and the anxiety it causes every year. The vaccine was found incredibly safe and with only .4 of 1 per cent of children suffering minor reactions. No Major Reactions So called "major reactions", were almost completely lacking. The time of protection from the vaccine appears reasonably good. "The effect was maintained with but moderate decline after five months," the report added. Paralysis occurred in 33 children who received the vaccine in areas where children were given either the real vaccine or dummy shots. None died. Just one child given the vaccine died of polio and this death followed removal of tonsils two days after his second shot of vaccine in an area where polio was already prevalent. Dr. Salk urged that children this year be given only two shots of vaccine in order to step up the effectiveness of the vaccine. He said the shots should be spaced two to four weeks apart with the third one delayed for at least seven months afterward. Best Protection Dr. Salk said he finds the best protection comes when the shots are spaced this way instead of being given all within five weeks as was done last year. He said some variations in the vaccination results were apparently due to some bad or impotent batches of vaccine. Salk also urged that children vaccinated last year be given a booster shot as soon as the vaccine is available. Licensing of the vaccine by the National Institutes of Health is expected within 48 hours to make possible a quick beginning of the huge vaccination program. For 30 Million It is estimated there will be enough vaccine for 30 million children, but if Dr. Salk's recommendation of two shots instead of three immediately is followed this would make possible inoculation of 45 million children. Dr. Francis revealed his report at a meeting of 400 scientists and doctors. Out of 1,800,000 children in the test program, 1,013 cases of polio developed. In areas where the vaccine and dummy shots were used interchangeably 128 out of 739,236 came down with polio. In observed control areas where only second graders were inoculated 585 of 1,080,680 children developed polio. Of children receiving dummy shots 115 became paralyzed. In the areas where vaccine was used on some and others merely observed, 38 children became paralyzed as opposed to 330 who did not get the vaccine. The vaccine protected well against outbreaks of polio within families. The vaccine was given only to children none to adults. However, it has been recommended that vaccine h future be given pregnant women. There is not yet sufficient vaccine for injection of adults generally. Isolated by Snow Vienna, Austria (JP) Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands and two of his daughters were isolated temporarily Tuesday in an alpine hut by heavy snowfalls and avalanche danger, it was reported from Innsbruck. They art on a i skiing vacation in Auitria.

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