THE WEATHER FORECAST: CLOUDY. MILDER Maximum '.CTfrature Thursday, 129; minimum during the night, 10. Sun ri' - ei 8 59 am; sun sets 9 20 p.m.; Moon hies 933 a.m.; moon seta 20 PAGES WINNIPEG, FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1946 PRICE 5 CENTS FILMDOM'S OSCAR WINNERS Tirp MOD ulfiKolGlldls eft . - , , r r - r . - v - TJ TOP ACTORS: Ray Milland (left) was chosen best actor in 1945 for his performance as the alcoholic in Lost Weekend, which was chosen the year's best picture and brought numerous Oscars to other members of the cast and producers. Joan Crawford was judged best actress for her part in Mildred Pierce. She is pictured with Ann Blyth, the daughter in that movie. Crawford, Milland Get Oscars HOLLYWOOD, March 8 Joan Crawford, - who has - been making movies ever since they were silent flickers, finally had her Oscar today, but had to accept it at home from a sickbed. That's where (he was last night while 2,100 tuxedo ind fur - clad stars flocked to Grauman's Chinese theatre to hear Miss Craw, for and Ray Milland proclaimed the best actress and actor in Hollywood for 1945. Miss Craw - ford huddled close to her radio as Milland murmured his thanks. She won the award in her comeback role in Mildred Pierce. Milland collected his solid gold statuette for his role of a drunken writer who saw animals crawling on the walls in The Lost Weekend. The glittering audience sent up another tremendous cheer for James Dunn, who won an Oscar as the best supporting actor of the year in a comeback part, that of the drunken father in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. Best supporting actress was freckle - faced Anne Revere foV her mother role in National Velvet. It was the First Oscar for each of the top winners and nobody war more excited than Miss Crawford, who has been trying for all of 21 years. "I voted for Bergman myself." said Miss Crawford. The Lost Weekend a movie about the evils of drink, swept In Coast Stores Involved In Black Market? VANCOUVER, March 8 (CP) Nine Vancouver stores are involved in an alleged $100,000 black market in textiles and investigations are spreading to other British Columbia centres. It was revealed Thursday night Police officer. At the same time he denied an earlier report by the Vancouver Sun that a suspect or key man is being held incommunicado. "If there is such a person in our territory," the officer, who did not wish his name disclosed, said, "our men have not established his connection with (he ring." He said full report on findings would not be available "for at least two weeks, during which time we have a mountainous task of searching through the files of textile firms and dealers to establish the degree of guilt of everyone who handled the goods." Reached Vancouver By Rail All the cloth seized by the R.C. - M.P.. reported valued at between $40,080 and S60.000, reached Van couver by rail and none of the suits or bolts of cloth now held bears the label of the prices board, as re WAGE FIGHT LOOMS British Export Plan Hits Snag In Unions By BASIL DEAN . (From Th Tribunal London Bureau LONDON, March 8 The Labor government is having hard time trying to sell its production - boosting plans to trade union leaders. Britain's war - weary woikers, tired of austerity clothing. slim food rations and total absence of luxury and semi - luxury goods from the nation's stores, are showing no great enthusiasm for the drive to boost exports. Union leaders have warned the government they doubt whether the men will work harder unless more of their output goes on sale at home. further, it Is believed (he rovern. Labor party and now the rank ment has decried that a general rise in wage levels would be disastrous for the nation in view of th present perils of Inflation ar:sing from shortages. While the cabinet hu not vet had the temerity to brave the wrath of anions by announcing this Policy publicly. sbcialHt brain trusters have already warned worker through a se mi - offirial party dlvuinn pamphlet that "from the point of view of the nation, restraint should be exercised shout preslnr for indiscrim - Inite ware Increases". L'nion bosses clearly don't like this attitude. Their argument is that they elected the Labor government with the trerrer.dous weicht of heir J.ono.noo union "es - vatt buik of which went to - the the SIS Jamet Dunn Ann Revert most of the other Oscars, leading off with one for "the best picture" of the year, it won two for Billy Wilder one for the best directing job and another, with Charles Brarkett, for the best written screenplay. Peggy Ann Garner won a miniature statuette as the most promising juvenile star. Then George Murphy, president of the Screen Actor's guild, presented Frank Sinatra, a special Oscar for his film short The House I Live In. Erick Johnston, new head mn" of the movie industry, awarded the Oscar for the best picture of the year after a two - minute speech in which he said the movies were on the threshold of their greatest achievements." Frank Sinatra, Pick Haymrs, Dinah Shore and Kathryn Grayson plugged the songa nominated for the original songwrlting by a Royal Canadian Mounted quired by regulations. The officer said "charges against all firms involved likely will be similar and will likely be that they did unlawfully display for salfrgoods without the identification label of the W.P.T.B. It was learned that widening of investigations is being hampered to some extent by lack of manpower on the prices board and R.C.M.P. investigating staffs. Among cities mentioned as next on the list for search are Victoria. Nanaimo and New Westminster. Two firms already have been charged and their cases were adjourned in police court Wednesday to March 13. The investigation here has been unofficially rpportcd to be linked with the $1,000,000 waterfront and dockyard textile theft disclosed in Halifax last week. an,i file want to see the fruits of Labors political victory When lnn union leaders met in London earl er this week to hear from Prime Minister Attlee. Labor Minister George Isaacs and ex - union Icadrf Ernest Bevin. the government's arguments for more production, they spent much of the conference time criticizing Bcvin's for - e sn policy and continued austerity at home before passing a noncommittal resolution saying that more production would be a good thing. jne Labor government is once more in the dilemma which has em - ibarrafsed it several times since tak ing olfice threatened unpopularity with its own rank and f:ie. Its big - ce. - t problem this year is to pre - vent that rank and Me from gett.r.g lout of hand. award, with It Might as well be Spring, By Richard Rodgert and Oscar Hammerstein, emerging aa the winner. Bette Davis At Work Then Bette Davis, two - time win ner, put on her horn - rimmed spec tacles and passed out Oscars to Brackett and Wilder for The Lost Weekend as the best written screen play; Swiss writer Richard Schweiz er for Marie - Louise as the best or iginal screenplay; and Charles G. Booth for The House on 92nd Street as the best original motion picture story. Ginger Rogers presented Georgie Stoll his statue for t,he best scoring of a musical picture, Anchors Aweigh, and another to Miklos Rozsa for hit musical score of Spellbound. Pioneer movie maker D. W. Grif. fith started off the major awards by presenting gold cinematography Oscars to The Picture of Dorian Gray In the black and white class. and Leave Her to Heaven, for technicolor - . Walter' Wanger. who served six years as academy president, re ceived a special placque for "distinguished service." Other awards included: Interior decoration Blood on the Sun (black and white; and Frenchman's Creek (color). Art direction Frenchman's Creek (color); and Blood on the Sun (black and white.) Wonder Man took top honors for special effects; Bells of St. Marys for sound recording; and National Velvet for film editing. Oscar Winner Played Here James Dunn, who won the Aca demy Award for the best supporting actor he played the father in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn was stage player before he went Into the movies. In the middle twenties he was the leading man in the stock company at the Playhouse in Winnipeg Dunn was particularly suited to playing roles in comedy dramas which the local company featured at the time. He was highly popu lar because of his pleasing, breezy personality. It was in a film in which Dunn was a star which first gave Shirley Temple fame. After that Dunn's film fortunes declined until he made his comeback in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. Moscow Reacts To Churchill LONDON, March 8 (CP) - The Moscow radio said Thursday night that Winston Churchill spoke "in a very aggressive tone" in his Ful ton, Mo., speech last Tuesday. It was the first reaction from Moscow to Mr. Churchill's speech It included comment by Prof Harold Laski. chairman of the British Labor party executive, who. questioned whether the proposal in a speech in London Wednesday, by Mr. Churchill for virtual military alliance between Britain and the United States would be "the direct high road to the success ot the United Nations Organization " Firemen Save Largest Liner Damaged SOUTHAMPTON. March 8 CP) Fire broke oiit this morning on the Queen Elizabeth, largest liner in the world, but fire - nen extinguished the flames a short time later. The blaze started in the isola - ticn hospital on the prt side nt the R.roOO - ton ves: - el i promenade deck, an official announcement by the Cunard Lire said. The announcement sa:d the f;re the - ,3'h ship blre at Hri'ish ports within the last five weeks, British Army Men Arrive For Trials After flying to Winnipeg from Britain, a group comprising a score of British army personnel landed' at Stevenson airport, at about 8.15 a.m., Friday. They are here in connection with the court martial trial of Corporal (Acting Sergeant) John Hugh Har vey, Koyal Army nicaicai k. British Army, arising out or incidents which are alleged to have happened in a pnsoner - of - "var camp at Ocyama. Japan, The court martial Is tentatively scheduled to commence, Monday. It will be held in Building 71 in the C.W.A.C. area at Fort Osborne barracks. This Is on the east aide of the main garrison area near the recreation ground. The court mar - tial will be open to the public. The definite time of commencement will be announced later. Nine officers who were In the British party registered at the Fort Garry hotel, Friday morning. President of the court martial will be Major - General J.W.N Haugh. a Scottish officer who served in Iceland and in the Middle East during the war. He was born in GlasEnw and his forebears came from Dumfriess. Other British officers In the group include: Lieut. Col. J.A. Thompson. Lieut. Col. Charles P. Mooi Major O.C. Langlands, Major S.A A Clark, Major R. King, Captain A W. Beare. Captain M B. Onwood and Captain A W. Jones. Major C.H. Boulton. a representa tive of the British army staff at Washington DC., met the group here. Churchill Urges Unity RICHMOND, Va., March 8 (AP) Winston Churchill again called upon the people of his homeland and of the United States today to stand together "in defence of those causes we hold dear." The wartime British prime minister told a Joint session of the Virginia legislature that "above all. among the English - speaking peoples, there must be the union ot nearis based upon convictions and common ideals." That." he asserted, "is what I offer. That is what I want. Not once in his prepared address did he mention either Russia or Communism. Nor did he refer directly to his appeal In Fulton, Mo three days ago. for creation of a strong Anglo - American military alliance. Vet, l - Alu ct!y. this was the thrme of his address to Virginia's lawmakers. "In thee last years of my life." Mr. Churchill said, "there is a mess - ape of which I conceive myself to be a bearer. Stand Together It Is." he said, "that we should stand together. We should stand together in malice to none, in greed for nothing. but in defenre of those causes which we hold dear not only for our own benefit, but because we believe they mean the honor and tbe happiness of long generations of men." Then he declared that: "We ought to walk together in majesty and peace." That, he said. "I am sure. Is the wish of the overwhelming majority of the 200.000.000 Britons and Ameri cans w ho are rpreari about the globr That this is our destiny or. as most of us would put It. the will of God. seems sure and certain. How It Is to be expressed, in what way and In what hour it is to be achieved. I cannot tell" Mr. Churchill said that he had read "the other day'' that an Eng - 1 h nobleman had said that Britain would hase to become the 49!h state of the union; he said. too. that he had read only yesterday an editor's argument that the United States should not be asked to reenter the British Empire. Between Extremes "ft seems to me." he went on. 'Continued on page 5l Elizabeth was d.vcn.cri by the line s own fire patrol, but the cause had nif been de'ermined. The vessel arrived here from New York Wednesday. She had just rmpietel her wartime troups transport service and was being refi'ted for entry into the Nor'h Atlantic passer.Ver service. She carried hundreds of thousands of troops lat'erly Canadians exclusively acr - ss the Atlantic during and f'.cr the war. '( ' ,J & - .r. . ...; V MAJOR GEN. J. U. N. IIAl'C.U arrives from England by plane. Sewage Disposal Scored By Stubbs Charging that the aewage Greater Winnipeg Sanitary district was dumping millions of tons of raw and semi - processed sewage into the Red River. Lewis St. George Stubbs in the Legislature, Thursday, moved for appointment of a 3 - man commission to investigate its opera tion and management. Mr. Stubbs claimed that from the time the plant opened up until around 1043, the processing of sewage had been earned on more or less continuously. Since then it had cut down so drastically on the final process of filterization that last year the filters crated only 63 days out of the 3B5. This meant the plant was operating at about 25 percent efficiency. The result of mismanagement, he declared, was that huge quantitict of sewage, v?w and partly - processed. was diverted bark into the river at the Old Kildonsn outlet. This was the cause of the obnoxious odors at the Kildonan golf course and In Old Kildonan and North Kildonan municipalities. South of Old Kildonan the rivers were kept clear of raw sewage and the pollution had been transferred to that part of the river north of Old Kildonan. When the river was low, its shores were covered with sewage which ought to have been disposed of in the plant. Rased On Letter Mr. Stubbs said that some of his Information was based on a letter he received from R. B. Russell, gen eral secretary of the O.B.U, The O.B.U. had named him its represent ative on a board of conciliation appointed by the dominion govern ment to settle a dispute between the commissioners of the Greater Win nipeg Sanitary district and its em Vote Recount Asked By Maj. Kavanagh Major Arthur C. Kavanagh, one of the 14 army candidates for a st - at in the Manitoba Legislature, in the recent war service election, on Thursday filed an application for a recount before Judge H. W Whitla of the Winnipeg Country Court. The chief electoral officer declared the election of Lieut. - Col. Gordon M. Churchill who has occu pied his seat in the House since opening of the session. Major Kavanagh was six votes behind L!:iit - Col. Churchill. Loan Costly Britain's Interest Averages BY TORCHY ANDtRSON 'Fro - ths Trlbun'i Ottawa bureau) . OTTAWA Mar. 8 - The 50 - year loan to Britain of $1 2Sn.0W.000 that is wrapped up in the nine sections of a three page agreement made public last night, may cost Canadian taxpayers more than $30,000,000 for each of several years before the 2 percent interest is due in 1951. In subsequent years, depending on the rale of intercut at whirh Canada is able to borrow, it may cost about S12.0O0.000. Basis for thre figures was ad mitted last night by Can.iduii treasury officials who answered questions about the tc agreements hich cover: Main loan tf $1.2.'n r - .'io.OOO. Repayment of the balance of the interest - free loan, approximately $.vio.oon.noo. Writing olf Britain s an training plan debt, I423.Ofjli.000. Squaring accounts between gov - ' ' v '., , . ...nition that writes off the .425.000.000 alia ftfivin - liiuiuan; iu'". - j since V - J Day Amount involved more than $300 million. Canada ge's balance pa ment of $150 million. When the parliaments of the two countries ratify the main Inan agreement and tht - second agreemrnt covering other finan - disposal plant operated by the ployees. The dispute had been going on since April, 1042. Over a 4 - year period the employ ees could make no headway. Always they had been blocked by the com missioners and their solicitor Finally the conciliation board .nade a unanimous report and succeeded in getting an agreement acceptable to both sides. Its terms were made (Continued on page 5) Labor Leads In London County LONDON, . March 8 CP - The Labor party won 34 of the first 44 seats to be decided for the 124 - seat London county council, returns from 10 London boroughs showed early today after the first council election since 1937. seats and the Liberals two In the council which had a pre - election division of 78 Labor members and 4B Conservatives. The remaining R0 seats will be decided later today when the other 17 London boroughs announce the final counts. On the bnsls of returns so far announced Ijbor .gained four seats and Liberals two while the Con servatives lost six. Bracken Calls For Food Production OTTAWA. March 8 - (CP) - John Bracken, Progressive Conservative leader, today called on the government to lift the arbitrary restrict - Ions on the export price of wheat from Canada and to take steps to encourage greater butter and wheat production in the Dominion. In a 600 - word statement, which cnticizeil the government's lack of "leadership and direction" at a time when there was a world shortage of food, Mr. Bracken urged the government to inaugurate new production and price policies for fr.rm products. To Canada's Taxpayers rlal transactions that hang - over from the war, Canada will be a creditor to an extent undreamed of before Finance Minister llslry scrawled his signature along with that of Malcolm MarDonald, British high commissioner, - at the bottom of two documents. How much depends on the passage of the American loan 'covering a total or t niuionsi now ocmre congrcs, became evident when the terms of the agreement were mafic public. The mam loan asrfement carries a r. - r by Mr - llslry stip.i - 1 - iting that three sections of the document w ill not cme into operation until the US. congress ratifies the loan by that country. This! virtual rewriting of would mean a the whole agreement. Sitiicna under this reservation dc.il with exchange and import arrangements, the amount outstanding on the J7O0.fKift.0O0 interest - free l'ian by Cannria to Britain in i presently a lit'le more than $"O0. - ooo.Off) outstanding! and the ac Britain owes Canada on the Commonwealth f.ir Training Tlan. The main loan agreement Is written in iilmost Identical terms and words is that of t oiled States with Britain and now before congress. ErUain undertakes tj py 2 pcr - Washington Waits Moscow's ar WASHINGTON, March 8 (AT) Official Washington today anxiously awaited Itussia s reply that Soviet troops leave Iran immediately. Some officials believe that reply may go far toward determining whether Amrriran - RiiH.iBn relations Improve or continue to grow worse. There was no indication when it would arrive from Moscow. It was believed likely that the state department would make public some timo today the second of the notes sent to Moscow Tuesday. It concerns reported Soviet removal of industrial equipment from Manchuria and proposals for Soviet - Chinese operation of Manchurian The Iran note, delivered to Mos - - cow Wednesday, saia mat inc United States "cannot remain Indifferent" to the Soviet decision to keep troops In Iran, and asked an answer "promptly," In the BXO - word document the United States declared the Russian action contrary to the assurances of the American - British - Soviet declaration of Tehran In 194.1. LONDON. March 8. BUP The British cabinet met today and pre sumably discussed Russia's delay in answering a British note on the failure of the Red Army to withdraw from Iran. The meeting was scheduled for yesterday, but was put off because certain ministers were tied up with a production conference. A foreign office spokesman said no official communication from Moscow had reached London, but added that the government did not conlcmolate steps to hasten the Soviet reply. It expressed the "'earnest hope' that Russia would "do its part, by withdrawing Immediately all Sov let forces from the territory of Iran to promote the international con fidence which is so necessary lor peaceful progress among the peoples or all nations. U requested that It be "promptly advised" of the Soviet decision. The nole also said Washington had been Informed the Soviet de - cis'on to kctp its ttoiips in the middle eastern country had been, (Continued on page SI ' Canadian Cheered LONDON, March 8 (CP Cable) The British House ot Commons Thursday received with a hearty "hear! hear!" the news of Canada's $1,250,000,000 loan to Britain and following Prime Minister Altlre'i announcement, members of various parties immediately offered their appreciation to the Dominion. C. E Davlcs, Liberal asked the nrime minisier to convey to Canada "the gratitude of the whole house - for only the latest instance of the memorable services Canadians have rendered." Amid cheers, Mr, Attlee said: "The feelings of this house will be conveyed by me to the Canadian government." R. De la Bere, Conservative, shouted: "Canada has been magnificent" and new cheering broke out. W.J.Brown, Independant member for Rugby, asked If It was not conceivable i'uxl similar loan arrangement made between the t'niled Kingdom and other Dominions" might spare ns a a nation the humiliation of what now Is going on In Washington." He was referring to the proposed 1.62 Percent cent beginning 1951 but with a clause which allows for waiver of interest if the financial condition and trade of that country falls be low a certain specified level. The credit is placed at the dis - po:al of Britain when the parliaments of both countries ratify the agreement - This is likely to be ,, , , . .u11' HUB KMJI.IIV 111 inLlllinilllK soon, itn am expects to u.e up the ... , , " . ' ., ... .j. 'orderly transition to I peacetime major portion of the total creoit in. the next tuo years, rr.:;;t!y In purchased in Canada. On the over - all average Canada is now paying about 251 percent for her borrowings. Until 19)1 she will have to finance this credit witnnut interest tncreiorft the trrest will tie ay"r'x''ely I percent. I nlcs, C anada", borrowing rate drops she will have to finance the whole of the $1,250.000 000 for a period of about three years J at about 2.51 percent - After the five year period, if Britain Is able to, she will pay 2 percent interest, or an average oer the whole period ot about 1.63 per - rent. ranaili ui!! have to rav the difference between that and her current rate of borrowing which is is now S percent on lnng term nonev and averares about 2 51 per cent. Replv to a United btates demand industries. Two Killei In Traffic Accidents Traffic accidents took a heavy toll Thursday night and early today, two being killed and six injured. The dead are Sieve l awny, zi. 1KH F.lgin avenue, crushed by a Winnipeg Electric trolley bus en Noire Dame avenue, near East street at 6.01 a.m. today and David Rahlno, SK, Lot M, Trsns - rona, fatally Injured by a track at 8.30 p.m. Thursday on the road opposite his home - Yawny was killed when the trolley bus crashed Into his parked auto, while he was underneath It making some repairs. He had stopped the auto near East street but left the motor run ning. He then crawled underneath l tht venici. Police statement said Yawny'a ante was enveloped In a cloud of exhaust smoke and the operator of the trolley bus, Hugh MrKentle l.lg Montcalm street, apparently did not sea It. Death waa Inatan - (Continued on paga B) Loan In Britain $750.0000ofl United States loan to Britain which now 1 before Congress for approval. Mr, Attlee replied that there was a difference between loans in the sterling and dollar areas. Anthony Eden, acting leader of the Conservative opposition. Mid as far as the opposition could see, it was satisfactory arrangement which, while carrying obvious economic advantages to the United Kingdom, would in the long run prove equally beneficial to Canada. Interest Rate In London financial circles, how - ever, there was some feeling that the two - per cent interest rate waa not as favorable as Britain would have wished. One Informant said, "However, it must be recognized that it is a matter for the lending government - and Canada could not be wholly uninfluenced by event farther south." The loan was warmly welcomed In the British press today. "Truly, we British have reason to glory in the solidarity of tbe F.mplre." Canadian - born Lord Reavrrhrook's Dally Express commented. "It is a very generoos art." the Liberal Newt Chronicle said. "A really remarkable contribution" declared the Conservative Daily Trlrgraph. The Daily Express said: "This is a loan which we can accept with gratitude .and with a resouned conviction that we can honorably discharge our obligations" The Times said: "The agreement will provide invaluable assistance economy." i ne Jjaiiy Mail said: "The thanks and gratitude of the British people Hie again due to Canada, as they were at all timet during the war ' The Daily Telejraph said: "On the many services which Canada in - 1 has finiih rendered to the Empire and worid during the war must now he added a really remarkah'e j contribution towards setting Britain tJ - HM. iiri rvM iiii 1 1 ict,, Driver Drowns When Tractor Breaks Ice FLIN FLON. Man. March 8. CP) Grant A;mus, 20. of Flin Dm was drowned Wednesday Chen the freicht tractor he waj driving crashed through the ice on Reindeer Lake, about 200 miles I north cf here. It was the second - fatality of its kind within live weens.
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