The Winnipeg Tribune from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada on April 18, 1946 · Page 1
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The Winnipeg Tribune from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada · Page 1

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Thursday, April 18, 1946
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FIDAL EDITION A uutro. THE WEATHER FORECAST: FAIR AND WARM Maximum temperature Wednesday, 53 minimum during tht night 30. ft .. 1 - - " jt I Prlc S cents; With colored com lea, 10 ent. WINNIPEG, THURSDAY, APRIL IS, 1946 20 PAGES LAM 6) ID) T0N3O en filmnc i f r ! if : - ; LACGC IF SICmCg o) BUCK ROGERS WOULD BE PROUD: This "Buck Rogers" :ontraption is a "Snooperscope" attached to a special U.S. army helmet. First used in 1944 the device, operating on the infra - red ray principle, enabled soldiers to see almost as well by night as by day, says the U.S. army. Like the "Sniperscope", mounted on a rifle, it brought death to many a foe who thought he was safe in the dark. (A.P. Wirephoto) Canada To Export ram To Limit Says MacKinnon Canadian supplies of grain will be exported to the limit to aid in overcoming the European food crisis, Hon. James A. McKinnon said here today. The trade minister stopped here briefly en route to Edmonton. The big export movement of Canadian wheat for this crop year was almost over, wnue remaining stocks were at a very low level, Mr. McKinnoirsaid. The present food crisis abroad and the fact that Canada's wheat export program could not be completed until remaining stocks of wheat on farms were deliverd at country elevators made this wheat of critical Importance. Mr. McKinnon said. He warned that the export program could not be fully completed if any sizable part of the deliveries was delayed until late J i(n e or July. In ordet to aid In meeting the severe food problem, surplus Canadian wbeat was moved overseas as rapidly as possible, during the fall and winter months. From Aug". 1, 1945, to April 12, 1948, exports off - Canadian wheat, including wheat in the form of flour, amounted to 273 million bushels. The exportable surplus of Canadian wheat for the crop year ending July 31, 1946, was currently estimated at 340 millions bushels. Consequently, there was only a balance of 67 million bushels to be exported as wheat or flour during the final months of the crop year. Packers Stand Firm On Cattle Price Issue TORONTO, April 18 (CP) Meat supplies dwindled in retail stores' throughout the country today as the large packing chains maintained their policy of refusing to pay prices for live cattle that would not afford them a margin on sales of dressed meat at Prices Board ceilings. At Toronto stocks of beef en ' hand In retail stores were fa t ' disappearing. The shortage was also becoming acuta at London, Ont., and at Vancouver a severe I shortage was predicted within 10 ' days unless cattle marketing re - i turns to normal. There were 700 head of cattle left unsold on the Toronto livestock market last night. Marketing of cattle was reported at a standstill at Calgary and Edmonton. Bert McDonald, President of the Toronto Livestock Exchange Commission Men's Association, said the large packers were offering $10 to 515 a head lower for cattle. With the reduction in bids from the large chains farmers were expected to withhold further shipments from the market until the deadlock has been broken. The packers' standpoint was ex plained by J. S. McLean, President of Canada Packers Ltd., who said at Toronto, that buyers have beet instructed to buy live cattle onl at prices which wouiq - mane possible sale of slaughtered cattle t ceiling prices without loss. There is no cattle buyers' strike either in Winnipeg or in Toronto and trading is normal in every way, it is agreed today by Josepn Harris, manager of Canada Packers, and C. E. Bain, Dominion Lives - stock office. Union Stockyards, St. Boniface. "All we ask ir. this time of shortages, "Mr. Harm told The Tribune today," is that we be in a position to operate on cattle without losing money. I think that everyone will agree that this is a reasonable position." "Can you get under the wire on this week's 50 cents a hundred Jower prices?" he was asked by The Tribune. "Yes, we can and we are back in production." "About the situation in Toronto?" "The same applies In Torcnto as In Wtnnipfg. As soon as the market showed a pnee at which w could operate out of the red we got into It again, both in Winnipeg tad Toronto." Mr. MacKinnon said that In cal culating the exportable surplus for 1945 - 44 producers's marketings for the crop year were estimated at 240 million bushels. Up to April 12, producers marketed 198 million bushels, leaving a balance of 42 million bushels still to be delivered. Producers in the prairie provinces' NEW YORK, April 18 (A have delivered their surplus grain P)RUssia was reported to - pomptly, and in good volume during j ' tn ,,. - ..,.,,. us.,ik Mr n7.vir ,.i i. AY to have lost a strenuous .t Anrii 19 nrn,,.,. h.rf m.rk.t.j 82. percent of their estimated wheat deliveries for the year. In view of the food crisis,, however, the re - Imalnlpg stocks of wheat on farms var - 'of CTltlcal Importance. Carryover of Canadian wheat in all positions will be at minimum levels on July 31, Mr. MacKinnon said. The commercial carryover will amount to about 50 million busrels, consisting of supplies for mills and other domestic users until 1946 wheat is available, and minimum elevator stocks scattered among 5',700 country and terminal elevators, partly in less than carload lots. Mr. MacKinnon added that farm stocks on July 31, will be small and widely distributed among 240,000 farms units In tha prairie provinces. Total carryover in Canada was not likely to exceed 60 million bushels as compared with 258 million bushels on July 31, 1945, and 355 million bushels on July 31. 1944. "During the past three years," Mr. MacKinnon said, "surplus Canadian wheat has served vital nur - P"' In the final stages of the war, Canadian w - neatw as available in large volume for the liberated areas and military purposes as needs developed. Since the end ol the war In Europe, Canadian wheat has played a very important part In overcoming the threat of mas. starvation during the past wintei. While the volume of wheat which Canada can export during the balance of the crop year Is relatively small. Canadian supplies will be exported to the limit of our slock position." In general, the prospect for Canada's trade with the world wai very bright, Mr. McKinnon said. Unfortunately, he pointed out, many gooos wnicn were in greatest demand were In relatively abort supply In Canada at the present time. He cited wheat, paper, agricultural Implements, lards and fata as among these. "With the long range view in mind," the minister said, "we are endeavoring to get token hipments to countries where we hope to do business." Business Houses To Close Doors For Good Friday Good Friday will be a quiet day in the business world with only essential services kept running, for the most part, though some small corner stores say they will be open to sell food. The department stores and chain stores, offices and big firms w.ll reopen Saturday for Easier shopping and regular buiness. The moving picture theatres will operate usual on Friday. Churches wi'l be very busy GOOD FRIDAY SCHEDULE The rerular 12 o'clock noon deadline for want Ads for the followirg day's paper, will be moved ahri 2 hniiri on fwvt Friday to 10 a m. Want Ads may be brought or telephoned to the office until 10 p.m. Thursday. Fridas paper will be delivered earlier than usual. Special circulation delivery scrvic will be maintained until fi p.m. Telephone 98 101. 1 Feel Terrible Guilt" Frank Tells War Tribunal NUERNBERG, April 18 (AP) Hans trank, mzi governor of German - occupied Poland, told the international Military Tribunal today that "I feel terrible guilt within me" for the atrocities of the Nazi Regime. Claiming that some of those rrimrs " only recently became known to him, Frank declared from the witness stand: "Speaklnjj from the depths of my emotion, after five months of this trial, I have gained an In - sight into what was committed in the way of terrible atrocities. I feel terrible guilt within me." Speaking in a loud, clear voice, Frank held the court with his candid admissions of guilt as he virtually threw himself upon its mercy. He freely admitted the Nazi crimes against the Jews and his share of the guilt In those crimes a guilt which he said would "not be erased In thousand of years." "Did you participate In the destruction of the Jews?" hia attorney asked. Russia Loses Fight On Iran Procedure Issue battle behind closed doors to have the United Nations Security Coun ell s procedure experts rule against further conslderaton of the Iranian case, As tha counrll prepared to meet at 2 p.m. C. S. TM the committee kf experts on rules and procedure was said by Informed quarters to be split eight to three, with the majority holding that the case could legally be kept on the agenda. Th council was expected to resume Its debate on the controversial Spanish question at the cpening of the session, while the experts completed drafting major. Ity and minority reports, expres - ' sing the committee's split opinion on the Iranian question. Sources close to the committee said these reports, based on a study of secretary - Reneral Trygve Lie's opinion that there might be no legal grounds for keeping the rase on the agenda, would be submitted to the council by 3:30 or 4 p.m. C. S. T. This was expected to open the way for a renewed floor fight over the legality of maintaining jurisdiction over the case. Meanwhile. 81 r Alexander CadooJn, British delegate, was scheduled to lead off in the Spanish debate with an assault on ' some of the arguments advanced Wednesday by Polish delegate Oscar Lance In his plea thJf members of the United Nations break diplomatic relations with Franco Spain. The British position was represented as being that Britain amen to see th ftnanich nnl. themselves throw out th Fr.mv. reeime and that it - ntrf thi. be done without civil war. starting another Ottawa To Unify Housing Administration OTTAWA, April 18 - Placing of all housing effort by the government in Canada under one head - reconstruction Minister C. D. Howe, will be announced in the near fu ture. Mr. Howe is authnrily for thi statement that an order - in - council to this effect has been passed. with services from early morning to evening. Many congregations will observe the solemn three hours on the Cross, from 12 noon tr 3 p.m. Regular deliveries of milk and bread will be maintained. There will be no delivery ol ma'l but mails will be dispatched as usual and the post office wi' - kets will be open in th( early morning. Trains will rur. on regular schedule. Newspapers will be delivered at home earlier than usual. Offices in the Legislative building will remain closed Fri day and Saturday. Federa building offices close Frida; The income tax office will a Is close Easter Monday; so wi i the Veterans affairs office anr. most offices In the Dominioi building Offices of the courts will re open Saturday, with the exception of provincial police court. Skeleton staffs will be cn duty In the offices of King's Bench, county and surrogate courts. Only provincial police court will take the Saturday holiday. All offices in the courthouse wdl fc opea iiouiay. i i l i mm iiiii i m m .'( f - J k. f... i Y v Mm HANS FRANK "I feel terrible guilt." "I say yes!" Frank replied. "I cannot allow It before my con science that responsibility for this "SKULDUGGERY TO UP RENTALS Alterations Hit Tenants, Says Scott City safety committee Wednesday heard charges by Aid. Scott that alterations being made to premises by some Winnipeg propety owners up rentals, A practice that "ty. - " ..... v . . in addition, Aid. Scott charged, these alterations, authorized by city permits, .nsutrallzed existing rental control board regulations so that tenants could be, and were being, served eviction notices. " a , , , The alderman urged action I mlts for alterations that will which could bo taken by the city under a recent Ottawa order - in - council to halt such alterations and to revoke permits for alterations not yet commenced, which would bring hardship to tenants. Th committe appointed Aid. Forkln and Aid. Scott as a subcommittee to meet with th city engineering department to bring down recommendations for presentation to next Monday's meeting of eltycouhcil. The order - ln - councll, known as P.C. 1184, gives municipalities! swecninz rowers to exercise control " . .. . over pairs. Notwithstanding any existing pro vincial statutes to the contrary, thej order authorizes bodies issuing building permits to refuse to Issue a permit for the erection of, alter ation of or repairs to buildings and, further, to revoke, cancel or suspend such permits already issued. Aid. Simpkin said his understanding of the order was that Its pur pose was to conserve materiala by curbing unnecessary building, but :he concurred with the view that "alterations that put people Into the street should be stopped." "All we have to do," said Aid. Scott, "is to advise th engineering department not to Issue pr. if v , - ; i 1 !' ,' ' 'til ECYPT SUCCEEDS CHINA: Dr. Quo Tai - Chi Heft), of, China, chairman of the United Nations Security council sliice its opening in New York, greets the Egyptian delegate, Hafiz Afifi Pasha, who succeeded him as chairman Wednesday. Each of the chief delegates cf the eleven nationswill serve as chairman order. should be handed to small people alone. I never installed concentration camp for Jews but If Adolf Hitler turned over that dreadful responsibility to people of his, it must be mine too." He said he would "bear responsibility" for tht events in Poland during his tenure as governor hut hedged with a claim that his authority was "extremely limited" and that he had no control over the S.S. He acknowledged that he Inlro - duced ghettos In Poland and issued a decree for forced labor but claim ed: "I was tninking of labor within the country to repair war damage." He said his efforts to better the lot of the Poles and give them a share In the government had been thwarted. "I didn't repeat my offer of res ignation 14 times for nothing." He denied plundering Polish art treasures and maintained he had tried to safeguard them In Poland. He said that most of them had been taken as "booty of war" before he haMm Mvrnnr Frank, who attempted suicide I three times while In confinement, appeared calm and confident as he began his testimony. constituted "skulduggery to was becoming "rampant in the . . cause hardships." ' Aid. Slmpkin wouldn't revoke such permits If the property hold - 'eni allowed thlr tenant to remain wlfere they werf. This was all right providing the new rental fee which reulted was not prohibitive to the original ten ants. Aid. Scott said. He was referring chiefly to dwellings which were being altered suites. for conversion Into The Wartime Trices and Trade board said Thursday morning tha' . '"'V '""7""' i..T... "7.1 - ..J'." "l! ,to date "very i""" maw - " "in leminmi a, a result of structural alterations! to dwellings. Under Se;. 18 of rental regula - tions it Is possible for a propertj lewner to obtain permission to ser - ve eviction notices If he can satisfy a rental control board appraiser that by proposed structural alterrllons he will add two or more dwelling units to his bull - ding. The section specifies that each of these added units must cover an area of 500 square feet, and that each unit must have two rooms In addition to a kitchen (or I kitchenette) atM a bathroom. Where there Is no question of evlc.lor. the property holder has, merely to secure a city building, permit. I in ihe country s airns - ?.xai .P. Wirephoto) MILLIONAIRE PROFESSOR: Police invettigtting belongings and stfety deposit boxes of 14 persons f icing espionsge charges in Cansd. discovered that Dr. Raymond Boyer, McCiil professor, held in a safety deposit box inherited securities valued at $1,000,000. Soviet Embassy Documents Identified OTTAWA. April 18 (CP) Capt. David Cordon Lttnan left the witness stand today in the espionage case of prof. Israel Halperin of Queen's university afttT objecting to answer ing questions on the ground that it violated his oath of secrecy before the Royal Commlsnlon on espionage Alleged head of a cell of Russian agenta said to Include Halperin Lunan balked when the Crown asked him if he had met Lt. Col. Rorov. former assistant military attache at the Russian Embassy. Lunan offered preliminary ob - l jpctlqn to testifying on the ground! that he was stilt hound by an oath of aerrecy he had taken on his appearance before the Royal Commission on espionage. Crown counsel telephoned thej Royal Commission and was referred' to a place In the commission pro reedlnes where the oath was lifted insofsr as witnesses in prosecutions: were concerned. ' l"nl ,n Krl punnny apologise "There seems to be legal point ! ' r hrT "" When she rcfusod I Involved, and I certainly don't feel,"' l"rk'' "P - On Wednesday! safe without the advice of myin "lM 'I"' "'lorney - general thai counsel." Lunan said. ?uM . frlvately to; Igor Gouzonko, former cipher!' clerk at the Soviet Embassy, was on the witness stand most of the 1 morning, testifying In the Halperin rase and also as nrsi wiinesa in me preliminary hearing of Sqrin. Ldr. Kred Poland, which was started after Ihe Interruption In the Hal - j ' perln case. I Magistrate Glenn Strike said to j. h. hA , - .. - h.j . ,wuir,n as lo committal of Dunford Smth Hull, Que., National Research Coun cil engineer, and adjourned the ra;e again until Tuesday. He has de - L"nr government's derision it elded to commit Smith on an nationalise a large part of Brl - offlclal secrets act charge. linn's Iron and ileel industry pro - The case of Erie ACams of Mnn - voked today the threat of a Con - treal was adjourned until Werines - day and that of Dr. David Shugar of Toronto to Tuesday for judg - meni.. Gouzenko Identified a number of IContinuid on Pag S, No. 3 Ditch Completion Sought To Halt Stonewall Floods Apportionment of the estimated $140,000 cost of completing Grass - mere ditch will be discussed next jweek at a meeting of representatives of the city and four rural municipalities. The meeting, possibly next Wednesday, Is being arranged by Perry Uearheii, reeve of Rosser. and will probably be at th city hall. The other municipalities to be represented are West St. Paul, Rover, Rock wood, and Woodlands. Spring overflow of the Grats - mer drain ha flooded larg areas of land north and west of Stonewall. Part of the ditch was completed as an unemployment relief project riiirtntr tha Honratilnn n f thai 1fl' tint . . nothing was ever done to clea r OUt ihe orute of the drain north and jwest from West St. Paul through the other three municipalities. While the part from West St Paul eaU to ihe Red River was be ing built, estimates were made oft i the cost of completing the west por - j j (ion but no agreement was ever I reached for apportioning the cost.' jThe city of Winnipeg Indicated It j would make some contribution but j didn't say how much. I Some years th spring ever flow In the west part of the drain I ' does considerable damag and some years little or none. Minister of public works Erick F. Willis said today that this year's overflow was not nearly as so bad as th latt two years. Representatives of the municipalities Inttnd to ask for some con tribution from lae (rcvino V.D., Dope Cases Mingle In Jail, Says AAcLenaghen "Lack of facilities for proper segregation of prisoners at the Pottage la Prairie women's jail is the real reason for outbreaks at the institution. Several of the women are suffering from venereal disease and some are drug addicts. We want the facilities for scgreation and intend to get them at the first possible moment," Hon. J. O. McLcnachen, at torney general, told The Tribune today. Mr. McLenaghen made an investigation at the jail Wednesday afternoon following the riots Sunday and Monday ma tne recurrance xucsaay. "The complaints of the Inmates, en examination, art with, out exception imaginary" h said. Mr. McLenaghen said that he talked to every one of the 42 Inmates of the jail and spent a long time at the Institution. Neither stafl nor inmates knew that ha Intended making the Investigation. Some of the women mentioned that one girl was sick and was making quite a fuu and they came to the conclusion that she had not been getting proper medical attention. Then they all started to make a row, Th facts are, he said, that the sick woman was sent to th Cen. aial hospital at Portage la Pralr. I on th jail doctor's Instructions. It was Intended that sh b givn penicillin treatment. Sh kicked up a row in th hospital, however, h said, and refused to tak th treatment. Th hospital could not handla her and sh was tskn back to the jail. At the Jail, It appears, the wom an's smokes were cut off because ' she had burned un her bedclothes i with a cigarette "I talked to thi woman" said Mr. McLenaghen, "and told her i that we wanted to help her and ! pointed out thnt this wis impossible If sh did not want to help hsrself. I asked her If sh would tak th treatment If w sent hr back to th hospital and sh said sh would, . - Mr. McLenaghen cited another case, thnt of lrl of IS. According in ih itinry tofrl lo Ihe attorney - general, this girl had refused ml u. v orners ano naa been very a nuslv Wr - Mountain, in charge f the Jail. Mrs. Mountain demand - DUI "nl ''""re tne i ,.v , . . - . - ...u. - .i i - Miriuwr inm we : are not dealing with normal people Continued on Pag 3, No. 2J j Labor's Iron, Steel Policy Called "Ramp i.u.uon Anrl 1 fPiTh. servatlve Party motion of censure and brought sharp criticism from rsecitlon of the press. j Winston ChLTrhlll, reasserting j his leadership of the Conservative Farty, presided at a special meet - Ing of the Conservative "Shadow Cabinet' Wednesday night' at which a possible motion of censure ; was discussed. Earlier, at a stormy session of the House of Commons durlnj which Supply Minister John Wll - mot announced the nationalization plan, Mr, Churrhlll denounced the government's plan as a "political ramp." Heated Freezer River Heights Ratepayers View Cold Storage Plant As "Obnoxious" With a demonstrative delegation jsigned the petition which had been of about 150 ratepayers crowding circulated. the galleries, cltiv council at a spe - j Spokesmen for the larg River rial meeting Wednesday night 'Heights delegation were W. P. Fill - heard arguments for and against imore, K.C.. legal counsel, A. E. the construction of a 'rozen - tood Johnston, K.C., and W.G.D. Martin, locker plant In River Heights. I Ratepayers In th galleries. The meeting was called oy .Mayor ,Coulter to near oeiegaunnj on w.r subiect and consider an amenrinipnt , k...l.,.. ...h.rh I 1 mn.'.r uj - in . woun resirirt in piiu" - n ;llon of the 'quick - freeze plant. ! Spokesmen argued that th plant was being erected against th wishes of 90 percent of the residents of th area, who wanted to preserv its "residential character"; as Indicated by signed petitions; that th processing of frozen food Involved plucking and drawing of fowl which would give - rue to obnxlous edors in the neighborhood. A V1n.ia nrnnrielnr nf the Dro - posed plant, appeared with his . .1 A Vfnwi.nn m n fi trtM IPgai COUP. - ,. . . r council that the quick - freezing pro - cess was a coming thing; that II sjch a nlant as he proposd to estab - ; :)ish was reje - led, Winnipeg would His plant had been labelled a 'slaughterhouse' and o?nerwie .misrepresented to residents who j "LESBIANISM" CAUSE OF RIOT, SAYS LAWYER A Winnipeg lawyer who recently visited the Portage la Prairie women's jail declaredto - day that t:. cause of rioting there was "lesbianism." "There are some very degenerate women In the jail, he said, "and they carry their perversions with them, This has been causing a lot of trouble among the prisoners." Women Break Dishes In Third Jail Outburst By JAMES C. ANDERSON ... FORT AGE LA PRAIRIE. " April 18. More trouble flared momentarily at the women's " jail here Wednesday noon, to ;mavk the third outburst of in - I mates' tempers lines the 21 - hour weekend riot was brought under ; control. The Wednesday noon unrest occurred, according to authoritative sources here, at the lunch hour, shortly before Hon. J. O. McLen aghen, attorney - general, appeared iw a mree - iour nur tour ana in - vesication of th premises. "Dishes wer brokin In th dining room, and thr was som loud talk," Th Trlbun was told. Th troubla has never really subsided sine Sunday. There still Is lots of unrest In th Jail," Outside appearances today and Wednesday wer deceiving. Thers I was no sign of Inner turmoil, work - men are busy repairing damage jdon during the Monday riot. Inmates appearing at windows wer Iqulet. and had nothing to ay to I passersby. Sheriff Calder, who was out of i town Wednesday, had no statement this morning other than: "I'm not in on the trouble at all." He laughed jwhen questioned about women prt - 'soner's demands, that he be put I back In charge of the Jail. I "I am getting a lot of unwanted ' publicity," he said. Mrs. M. C. Mountain, th jail matron, talked with a Tribune re - porter at th (ntranc to th woman's section. Two yards back of her, several women prisoners passed quietly bfhlnd th Iron bars and locked doors, which separated them from th outside world. It was a bl ight clear morning, and Mrs. Mountain smiled, "It Is as, j bright Inside today, as It Is outside." ;Mrs. Mountain refused to comment 'on disturbances during the past four days In the Jail. Debate wh ,arne t0 oppose erection of th plant and who showed their feelings several times with outbursts of jeering and applause, had to be called to order by Mayor Coulter. The amendment before council j Wednesday defines "frozen - food ilccker plant" as a building or (premises where meat, fowl, vegetables, fruit or other foods are frozen and stored In lockers in a j frozen condition, and it forbids "any iwork of cutting, cleaning, drawling, plucking or otherwise processing" these items with the exception cf the actual freezing of the : f nnH . ! Objections as Tflhmtftn WCTe outlined by Mr. that the proieci ',"..:" l.l" which ;as nn iimwuifli r wai to coniain ouu iu.ic. frozen f.iod. On the ground floor ti.ere were to be. according to the plans, the 500 lockers and an 18 by ; 25 foot processing room On the ,main im"' u..c r, - Continud on rag a, . u i

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