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TOurscfay Evening, June 14,1962. Logansport, Indiana Pharos-Tribune Nina Explain Underground Gas Storage Operation Porous Sandstone Near Royal Center When the thermometer tumbles to zero and below next winter, natural gas customers in this area •will be using gas that's really been around. In fact, it will have come all the way from Oklahoma, Texas and the Gulf Coast to Northern Indiana Public Service Company's receiving stations on the state line al Hammond. From there, NIPSCO will have sent it 80 miles southeast — to Royal Center—where it will have been pumped into what looks like a layer of solid rock, and kept there until needed. It's called un derground storage — a "fools pipe dream" until a few years ago. Modern know-how and equipment, however, have developed it into an efficient, cost-saving reality for the gas industry. THREE YEARS AGO, NIPSCO engineers and geologists were busy taking a good look at northern Indiana — below the surface of the earth—seeking geological structures to hold natural gas in storage. Core samples and struments showed a promising area at Royal Center, 12 miles northeast of Logansport. The big drill rigs went to work sinking wells which would be used for injection and withdrawal of storage gas. Almost daily, for the past 12 months, a huge 660-horsepower SUBCOMMITTEE BEGINS PROBE OF LIEN LAW INDIANAPOLIS'(UPI)—A legislative subcommittee today began an investigation into operation of the lien law in connection with a newly disclosed situation which threatens to cost numerous home purchasers their investment. Stale Sen. John C. Ruckelshaus, Indianapolis Republican, said "there is something more than meets the eye" in Hie case o'f the South Grove development of Sparks & Russell Corp., Indianapolis. The firm recently went into bankruptcy and families who were buying homes in the addition found themselves faced with numerous liens. The Mechanics and Material- men's Lien Law Study Committee, of which Ruckelshaus is vice- chairman, had intended to hold its final meeting Wednesday but, because of the South Grove case, it called a public hearing instead. Worried home buyers from not only Indianapolis but also from Fort Wayne appeared to urge that the 1909 lien law either be repealed or drastically modified to save others from undergoing their experience in paying twice for the same property. Bill Shelved Ruckelshaus said that at an executive session following the hearing, the group agreed its proposed new bill probably would have to be revised and that a probe should be made of the South Grove situation to determine what new protections are needed. He said he plans to start today checking records at the Marion County Courthouse on the properties involved and the liens filed against them. The subcommittee, which also includes Chairman Marcia Hawthorne, Indianapolis representative, then will report to the full committee al another meeting late in July or early in August. Bill Wildhack Jr., Indianapolis, who works for Equiable Finance Co. and said he spoke as an individual, proposed that the time for filing lions be cut to 10 days after the work was completed. He saic this would have the effect of requiring suppliers to go on notice that a contractor's bill was un paid. Mrs. Mary Ann Bays, South Grove, said workmen came back and did more work on a street in order to qualify for filing under the 60-day limit. John Weber, who also bought a home in South Grove, said, "Suppliers 'expend credit beyond what they should." Asks Closer Checks Slate Rep. Carrol Dennis, Indi anapolis, who said he spoke as a construction engineer and former contractor, said, "It is more of an obligation of the lending institution rather than the supplier. If the lending institution had a closer check on the borrower, you'd have closer control." compressor has been pumping natural gas, through the weUs, deep .nto the earth at Royal Center. Today, more than one billion cubic feet of gas rests securely in a layer of porous sandstone 1,350 feet below this Hposier farmland near the Wabash Valley. The big question all this time has been "Will it work?" FOR SEVERAL months we have known that the site of • our first underground storage facilities was about as perfect a natural structure as can be found," relates Dean H. Mitchell, NIPSCO's Chairman and President. "Water in the sandstone layer •— pushed back by injected gas—forms an excellent seal below and around the edges of the curved formation. Above is a solid,, non-porous layer of limestone which forms a 'lid' to keep the gas from rising. "We knew we had the same kind of geological structure here in northern Indiana as those in which gas is found in its natural state in the Gulf Coast area—ex. cept that this one bears water instead of gas. We had proven by this spring that gas could be injected and safely stored at the Royal Center site. One big — and important — question remained, however. COULD THE GAS be efficiently withdrawn and sent back into our transmission lines to serve "NIPS- CO customers on the coldest winter days when they need extra gas for space heating? We had risked nearly two million • dollars n the project — the answer was mportant." NIPSCO's engineers and geologists recently got that long await. id answer. Natural gas which had ieen pumped under pressure into he sandstone more than a quar- er mile below, was successfully irought up through seven injce- ion-withdrawal wells at the site, lassed through transmission lines Tossing the station site. These •ipelines link the Wabash Valley vith NIPSCO's sprawling north vest transmission system. The sandstone storage layer was ermed "efficient and economical" when it proved that it could give up gas in large enough quantities —anc5 fast enough—as well as 'take" the gas at an effective ate. THE SUCCESSFUL lest withdrawals were made a little less ban two years from the day that drilling first started at the Cass County site. Besides the seven wells which are now being used injection and withdrawal, :here are 12 others being used 'or "observation" and test purposes. "Since the project is progressing so satisfactorily," said Rollin M. Schahfer. NIPSCO's vice-president of engineering and electric operations, "six of these will soon be converted to injection-with drawal wells." The Royal Cenlcr underground storage facility is a highly import ant 'and valuable addition to our northwest natural gas system,' he added. "It will enable us to store large quantities of gas dur ing the warmer months of the year, for use during our peak day periods in the winter. It's a very economical method of storage and is a major step forward in our unceasing effort to provide Two Years to Restore Peace To Laos Tribes VIENTIANE, Laos (UPI) Diplomatic sources predicted to day it would take about two years to restore genuine peace in-Laos despite agreement among the three rival princes on a coalition government. The most formidable task be 10 integrate the armed forces of the three factions—rightwing neutralist and pro - Communist. Pathet Lao—under the new government which will have neutralist Prince Souvanna Phouma as premier. the people of northern Indiana with plenty of natural gas the year 'round, at reasonable pric THE UTILITY OFFICER alsi reported that another underground storage facility is bein; developed by NIPSCO at Lake o the Woods, near Plymouth. Some 125 million cubic feet of gas ha: already been injected into om of 11 wells at the Marshall Coun ty site, and the company eng neers report it is taking gas sal isfaclorily. At both Royal Center 'and'Lab of the Woods,, existing.transmis sion lines already run throug! the storage site, and gas can b easily injected or withdrawn from storage. "This will mean a grea savings in construction costs/ Schahfer said. He' added thai: NIPSCO is tes drilling at other locations through out its northern Indiana servic area in an effort to find mor sites for natural gas storage. • GENE COOPER of Winama has been named as supervisor • o plant operations at Royal Cen ter. He reports to George V. Ben nett, NIPSCO's manager of ga supply and transmission, wh headquarters at the utility's Ga Plant in East Chicago. Also on the permanent staff a the Royal .Center project are sii operators — Lloyd McGrew o Peru, Glenn Plummer of Monti cello, George Stepp of Star City John Stocks of Logansport, Clif ford Todd of Hobart, and Dwigh Vigus of Monticello. George Hattery of Kewanna ha been named plant mechanic Shifts have been established s that operators are at the station 24 hours a day, seven, days week. TEST MILLING—Drilling continues at Lake of coral reef, instead of sandstone. The utility is the Woods, near Plymouth, on NIPSCO's second lest drilling at other locations throughout its , underground storage facility to be developed. Gas at this location will be stared in a layer of northern Indiana service area in an effort to find more sites for natural gas storage. CROSS SECTION — William A. Summers, NIPSCO engineer in charge of underground storage, points to a cross-section view of the company's Royal Center underground storage field showing the various sub-surface rock layers. Inset at left shows a magnified view of one of the standslone core samples on the table. Natural gas is stored in the tiny open spaces of the rock. . lw*'^/ llk^_J&£ '*4 FLOW OF GAS—A NIPSCO employe opens a valve on a "Christmas tree," which tops one of the injection-withdrawal wells at Royal Center. Metering device in the center of the piping measures and records the flow of natural gas through the well. , Opponents to New Drive-In Theater Get Mighty Noisy 'CARMEL, Ind. (UPI)-A group of Carmel residents Wednesday night staged a noisy demonstration in an effort to disrupt the grand opening of a new drive-in theater. ' ' . The residents previously lost two court battles in their efforts to prevent the movie from operating.. They mounted spotlights atop roofs and beamed them at the cars lined up in front of the picture screen. Others turned up hi-fi sets in their homes, while others fired shotguns and threw firecrackers. Theater manager Edward Campbell said, he would wait out the disturbance, although there were "grounds for legal action." He said it couldn't. be kept up forever. Read the Want Ads! Seek Views For Indiana Demo Planks INDIANAPOLIS OUPI) — The 'Democratic State Platform Advisory Committee today invited the public to express views Friday on what they believe should be'included as planks in the 1962 election campaign document. Chairman Greyble McFarland of •Indianapolis said a public hearing would begin at !?:30 a.m. Friday at the Sheraton-Lincoln Hotel. Afterwards, the committee will meet in executive session Friday night and all day Saturday to draft a platform to present to 'another committee before the party's stale convention June 22. The suggested platform will be presented to the resolutions committee, which, in turn, will present it to convention delegates, with or without changes. 'McFarland said time at the hearing already has been re- DUST TRAPS—All moisture and dust particles must b«s removed from natural gas before it's sent into transmission lines. Above is a set of dust-traps through which the gas passes on its way to NIPSCO customers. BIG COMPRESSOR-This is the huge 660-horse- powcr compressor at Royal Center, used to pump natural gas 1,350 feet below into the layer of standstonc Enough pressure is exerted by the compressor to force the gas into the porous rock, push the water hack into the formation, and leave the gas under enough pressure to flow back out of the rock layer and up through (he injection-withdrawal wdls when needed. PERU Hearing by Plan Commission Held Camp Kock Set For Crippled • INDIANAPOLIS OUPI) -• Cam Koch, a recreational area fo crippled children near Troy, wi open its 1962 season June 17. . Last year 238 handicapped chi dren attended the summer camp. Seventy-six children are scheduled i to attend the first session and three-similar groups will follow during the summer. Sponsored by the Indiana Society for Crippled Children and Adults, Inc. and its county affiliates through Ester Seal contributions, the camp provides the opportunity for camping, cook-outs, swimming,, crafts and other outdoor recreation. PERU—No 1 rcmonstrators ap-l peared at the two public hearings conducted by the Plan Commission at its regular session held in city hall. The hearings were conducted on the preliminary plat of the second addition to Parkview Heights Subdivision and the other on the proposed rezoning of the south side of East Ninlh St. between Water and Wayne Streets. As a result the Commission approved the final plat of the second addition to Parkview Heights pending the filing of a letter of intent and a $34,000 performance bond. There will be 34 lots developed in the new subdivision which is located on Indiana 21 south of Peru. The" Commission also approved the rezoning of the one block long area in Oakdale which was Roberts' report was accepted by the Commission and placed on file. End Service The Peru fire department will no longer provide emergency ambulance service according to Chief Homer Ferguson Wednesday. In the future, persons wishing emergency ambulance transportation to the hospital will have to call regular ambulances. Firemen will continue to answer calls, however, in which the re- suscilator is needed but will not take anyone to the hospital. The rcsusitalor equipment is now being carried in a panel truck which also contains the department's portable generator. The former emergency car is being used as the chief's car. The Chief said that this change was recommended and approved changed from single family and by the Board of Works due to the quested by the Indiana State Bar Association, Indiana Farm Bureau, Indiana Fanners Union; American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employes; District 11 of the United Mine Workers, Indiana Citizens Committee on Migrant Labor and the Indiana State AFU3IO. two-family residential to two-family and multiple family residential. The proposed rezoning will now be presented to the City Council for passage as an ordinance to amend the Zoning Ordinance. The Commission also accepted the city council's action on the report of the joint Council and Commission committee on beauty and barber shops as home occupations. The committee has recommended that the Zoning Ordinance be unchanged and the present zoning ordinance be' enforced. Building Commissioner Lewis Roberts reported to the Commission that he had issued 45 building permits totaling $263,383 for the first five months of this year. The permits include two new churches. They are the First Church of Christ, Scientist, being built at the corner of Main and Fremont Streets at an estimated cost of $23,000 and the Church of God on U. S. 24 west of Kelley Ave., at a cost of $20,000. fact that the large number of emergency calls tied up the services of two firemen. George M. Denny of 168 N. Grant St., will serve as chairman t>f the Miami County Heart Association, Denny, plant manager at the Peru Works, Olin Malhieson Chemical Corp, suceeds Mrs. Harry M. Lamberlon, route 4, Peru. Miss Carolyn Wilkinson was also named by the board to serve as sponsor for-the Miami County Junior Heart Board. Office To Close The High School Principal's office will close this Friday and i will not reopen until Aug. 15, ac' cording to Earl Delph, principal. Two Brcaikins Peru police are investigating two breakins which occurred sometime Wednesday morning early. They were at tile Laidlaw Corp., East Riverside Drive and the East End Tavern on East Canal St. Thieves were unsuccessful in opening the safe at the Laidlaw Corp. but slole the tools used on the safe. They also ransacked (he office. At. the East End Tavern, seven tattles of wine and 35 packages of cigarets were stolen. There was also considerable damage to the juke box when the thieves pried it open to obtain the money in the cash box. List Condition Judfje Henry Bailey, 76 of 204 West .Fifth St., was described as being in a "poor" condition at the Marion General hospital, Marion, Wednesday due to the fact that pneumonia has developed in both lungs. The Judge became ill last Thursday morning while fishing on Lake Manitou, Rochester, with Peru Attorney Richard Rhodes. He wns removed from the Woodlawn hospital, Rochester, to the Marion hospital Sunday. Private License Permits for 2 Logansport Pilots Two Logansport pilots have received their private licenses from the Ixjgansport Flying Service. Bill Whitlor, of 422% North St., and Walter Rehm, rural route 4, passed their final federal examinations at Anderson. Tom Peterson, of 315 Highland, recently soloed in the first step (oward his license. Robert Williamson, manager of the flying service, reports that several corporations have used the airport during the past few days, including planes from Lancaster, 0., Detroit, Slreatqr, 111., Chicago, Louisville, St. Louis, and Indianapolis. On Father's Day (he Logansport Flying Service will provide a special rale, for the father's of Logansport in that they will be given a chance to view Logansport from the air at half fare. Fa. iher's are invited to bring their cameras and take aerial pictures of the city. On June 14-16 a refresher course for private pilots will be held at the University of Illinois and Wilbur Trinen and Merritt Hammontree of Logansport have made plans to attend.