The Winnipeg Tribune from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada on September 3, 1939 · Page 1
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The Winnipeg Tribune from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada · Page 1

Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 3, 1939
Page 1
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llSE jnfe Wwwm Mum lEUfi f" y - 2" l J n WINNIPEG, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1939 50th YearA tL V ; feV,, ? A y WML BRTFA1BTS I IT $ : Aft ' 1 "'"Li - War Is Declared Ignores Order BUITAIN MARCHES Bulletins The Amoriitrd Prmul - LONDON, Sept. 3. (Via Radio) The British Broadcasting Corporation announced that the King k will address his subjects in a world - wide broadcast at 6 p.m. (lla.r , 13 .Later then King attended divine service at uckinRham Palace. All, air raid precaution exercises were carried out t the palace during this morning's alarm. LONDON, Sept. 3. The King held a meeting of he Privy Council at 12.45 p.m. (5.45 a.m. C.S.T.) to - ay. BERLIN, Sept. 3. The British and French am bassadors made their last calls at the German foreign Mnce today and formally hade Foreign Minister oachin von Rihbentrop good - bye. BERLIN, Sept. 3. Adolf Hitler today received the new Soviet ambassador, Alexander Shkvartzeff, who arrived here Saturday by plane with a Russian military mission. The new envoy presented his credentials to the Fuehrer at the meeting, setting something of a precedent for speed in such normally routine diplomatic moves. Freeman, Come ! WAR The fatal word has come at last. It had to Once Germany invaded Poland. The issue in clear. Shall Hitler be permitted to beat one more nation to her knees in preparation for beating us all to the ground? Nazi Germany stands only for the Ijiw of Force. Hitler rejected peaceful settlement, while Poland re peatedly gave her assurances to Britain that she was willing to negotiate. Britain had given her solemn pledge to fight if Polish independence was threatened, and today she honors her word. But it is not Poland only that is the issue. The issue is the right to freedom and independence of all nations and the principle of peaceful settlement between nations as against stark force. Canada stands riffht beside Britain in this furht. Calmly but grimly, Canadians prepare to see it through to the end. And in the end. the Force of I - aw must triumph over the Law of Force. THE PRICE OF THIS EXTRA IS FIVE CENTS L Proceed! ef the tale of this Extra will be given to The Tribute Stocking Fund Canadian PrtMl T ONDON, Sept. 3. Great Britain today declared war on r WGerrriariyr France had said she would f ollow automatically. The announcement was made by Prime Minister Chamberlain in an address to the nation by radio. It came at the expiration at 11 a.m., British Summer time (4 a.m. C.S.T.) of a British ultimatum to Germany to call her armies out from Poland. Mr. Chamberlain himself read the proclamation and ended with the prayer:. "May God bless you all and may He defend the right." "HERR HITLER WOULD NOT HAVE IT" The prime minister assured his people thant Great Britain had done her utmost to the end to arrange "A peaceful and honorable settlement" but "Her Hitler would not have it." "Consequently we are at war with Germany," he said. "We have done all that any country could do to establish peace," he said, "But a situation in which no word given by Germany's ruler could be trusted and no people or country could endure has become intolerable, and now that we have resolved to finish it, I know that you will all play your part with calmness and courage. "At such a moment as this, the assurances of support which we have received from the Empire are a source of profound encouragement to us. INSTRUCTIONS TO THE NATION "When I finish speaking, certain detailed announcements will he made on behalf of the government. "Please give your close attention. "The government have made plans under which it will be possible to carry on the work of the nation in the days of stress and strain that may he ahead. "These plans need your help. "You may be taking your part in the fighting services or as a volunteer in one of the branches of civil defense; if so, you will report for duty in accordance with the instructions you receive. "MAY GOD BLESS YOU ALL" "You may be engaged in work essential to the prosecution of war, or the maintenance of the life of the people, in factories, in transport, in public utility - concerns or in the supply of other necessities of life, if so, it is of vital importance that you should carry on with your jobs. "Now may God bless you all and may we defend the fight, for it is evil things that we shall be fighting against force, had faith, injustice, oppression and persecution. "Against them. I am certain, the right will prevail." Immediately after the prime minister's brief announcement, the government broadcast a series of instructions to all citizens. Hand rattles, it said, would provide poison gas warnings. Day schools in the evacuation areas in England. Scotland and Wales are to be closed, it said. The public was warned to keep off the streets as much as possible. "To expose yourself unnecessarily adds to your danger," the announcement warned. i All places of entertainment are to he closed until further notice. "They are being closed because if they are hit by a bomb, large numbers ! would be killed or injured." The prime minister, speaking from 10 Downing Street, said he could not believe there was "anything more or anything different" that he could have done. Up to the last, he said, it would have been "quite possible to have arranged a peaceful and honorable settlement with Germany." ' But he added: "Herr Hitler would not have it." "TO FORWARDING THE VICTORY": In the House Mr. Chamberlain, his voice trembling with emotion, emphasized his words hy hanging the table with his hand as he exclaimed: "There is only one thing left for me and that is to devote what strength and powers I have to forwarding the victory of the cause for which we have to sacrifice ourselves." Arthur Greenwood, acting leader of the Opposition in the Commons endorsed Mr. Chamberlain's statement s When Germany To Cease Fire "In this titanic struggle," he declared, "unparalleled, 1 believe, In the history of the world, Naziism must be overthrown. - " - - "Mar trre war be nwift "and short and the peace which follows stand proudly " forever on the shattered ruins of an evil name. . . "Poland we greet you as a comrade. 0 ur hearts are with you and all our power until the angel of peace returns to our midst." The ultimatum was to fix a time limit on a "final warning" Britain and Fiance gave Germany on Sept 1. It came on the third day after Germany's invasion of Foknd. Two columns of the German army were reported by German military authorities Sunday to have gone in from East Prussia and North Germany to pinch off the entire Polish Corridor (Pomorze). There had been a one - day delay in - the declaration of war in the hope that peace might come out of a five - power conference which Premier Mussolini of Italy proposed. Shortly before Mr. Chamberlain's proclamation 10 Downing Street had issued a communique setting the time limit and announcing that Sir Nevile Henderson, British ambassador in Berlin, had told the German government that if assurances were not received by then a "state of war" would exist between Great Britain and. Germany. The announcement said Sir Nevile informed the German government at 9 a.m. (2 a.m., C.S.T.) Thirty minute before the time limite expired the German embassy in London disclosed it had "no news" and acknowledged it was in "constant communication with Berlin." French Zero Hour 10 a.m. Germany Has Until Then To Reply To Ultimatum Or Poilus To March Bv Tht Canadian Ptm DARIS, Sept. 3. France gave Germany until 1 5 p.m. French Summer Time (10 a.m. C.S.T.) today to reply to her ultimatum demanding that German troops leave Poland or find herself at war with France. French Ambassador Robert Coul - ondre delivered the note In Ber - ' - . ,. iin at noon (5 a.m.. C.S.T.). It was i wer' , near" Germany and could announced officially. declaring ; ,m tlon mow quickly while France would bo to the aid of Pot - i ,Bri''" "erdc.d , ew. more hour and if a satisfactory reply were not ; ,0 .m, ner ttteciv , J received ' At the moment that Coulondre entered the Wllhemstrasse in Ber - France's latr behind Great Bri - ilin, Premier Daladier went to the tain in going to war wan explain - Elysfe Palace to confer with Freed by the fact that Frcnrh forces isidonf Albert Lrzrun. The radio announced to the French nation that Prime Minister Chamberlain had proclaimed Great Britain at war with Germany. Chamberlain's proclamation loft no doubt that France must follow suit. The rapidity with which the crisis came to a head caught the French public by surprise. A drizzling rain rendered sf reels of the capita! even more deserted than usual on Sunday. Mr. Chamberlain's radio announcement which heralded war was heard by only a few here. At the moment of the prime minister's historic announcement Premier Daladier was receiving Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet at the war ministry. The City Hears The News IN the clear, cool light of a late summer morning Winnipeg awakened today to war. It was 4.13 a.m.. Winnipeg time, when Great Britain went to war with Germany. It was hours later before there was any excitement in the streets of Winnipeg, either in downiown or residential district. Milk wagons clattered and rolled along streets. Late home - comers sobered suddenly as they heard persons who had heard reports of the war talking of "Britain coming in." "We've Got to Save It" In the hallway of a downtown office building a wizened little janitor slowly and methodically swept the dirt of the day into a pile. lie stopped and looked suspiciously at Tribune reporters who brought hnm the war news and asked his reaction. When it seeped through that England hd at la - t taken the tp h grur,td "And ''rh i W didn't w - arnt It but I guess we've got to 'ave it. 'Itler will gef war for now." He went back to his sweeping There a only the slow and always unnatural looking movements that are to be found on the streets of a big cityas dawn breaks on a holiday weekend. Bells did not ring and whistles did not blow. Winnipeg took its early morn ing war in sleepy calm. In front of an all - nig' garage, a sooer - iacea jouilg fellow shrugged his should.. 'Its a heluva note, ouft guess we ve got to take Deeper heactio The oung consiamy on nj. Military beat on May; gj na(j heerd the news, h r'rtlon ni a lime neepe ,.n - t majjf r ft "1 a terrible thin lion should have to this?" AcrnM the tt a!l - n'gM rf r i at civiliza - n come down et from an nree or four inp fal lows were apparently on their way home to bed A loud and jocular "Heil Hitler" from one of them brought an even louder raspberry from his companions. In the cafe itself, what had seemed from the street to be a radio turned out to be an auto gramophone, playing a jisy dance tune, ine nair - dozen youngsters In the place did not seem to know or care. Finish the Job But the counterman, 31 and married, was resentfully emphatic. "They should have finished the job last time." he maintained, "and kept these dam Germans under control. Then we wouldn't have it to do again now" just bow this could have been accomplished he was not prepared to explain he merely took it for granted that r cnuid have ben done. Three or f""r older people

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