SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1939 THE WINNIPEG TRIBUNE PAGE 10 London's Poultry Market To Be Moved From Leadenhall To Billingsgate Removal Of Famous Market Recalls History Extending Over Nearly Six Centuries LONDON A record of nearly six centuries will be broken before long, when London' wholesale poultry market move from the comparative seclusion of Leadenhall to the Thames - side at Billings - gat. The change is involved in the 600,000 Billingsgate extension scheme; although Leadenhall will not cease to be a market, it must lone its poultry. Poultry was aold t Leadenhall In 1357. The present market stand on the site of the old manor of Leadenhall, once the property of the Nevill family; during rebuilding, ls than 60 years ago, excavators discovered Roman remains. Sir Richard Whittington, who bought the market and manorial rights of Leadenhall, handed them in 1411 to the City Corporation, which has held them ever since. Thirty - four years after the city took possession, the "famous and mighty man, Simon Eyre, citizen of London," had a granary erected "of his own charges," also a chapel where priest celebrated Divine service "to such market - people as repaired to prayer." Leadenhall was used for the weighing (on the "common beams") nd sale of wool and cloth, and later for the assay of leather. CurtouJy, while the city corporation discussed the market recently, Dekker's rarely - revived comedy. "The Shoemaker's Holiday." was running in London. The principal eharacter is Eyre himself, and the play ends with his petition that "for the honor of poor Simon Eyre and the good of hia brethren, these mad knaves, your grace would vouchsafe soma privilege to my new Leadenhall, that it may be lawful fir us to buy and sell leather there two day a week." The King answers: Mad Sim, I grant your suit, you shall have patent To hold two market - daya in Leadenhall, Mondays and Fridays, those shall be the times. Will this content you? In the year 1512, when London suffered from a scarcity of wheat Roger Achley, then Lord Mayor, secured great supply and stored it In the garner at Leadenhall. Achley was an early riser, keeping the markets so well that he would be at Leadenhall at four on a summer's morning. About 1534. Stow records, there was a proposal to turn Leadenhall into a merchants' bourse: Many common councils were called to that end; but in the year 1535. John Champneje being Mayor, it was fuily conciuaea inai uic burse should remain in Lombard street as afore, and Leadenhall no more to be spoken of concerning that matter. For a while in the middle of Elizabeth's reign a mathematical lecture was given periodically in the chapel. Soon, however, when the authorities needed the chapel and other parts of Leadenhall for the "stowage of goods taken out of a great Spanish caracke." this lecture "ceased any more to be held." Butchers came to Leadenhall during the 16th century; then, in 1622. it was made the only market for cutlery in the city. Later it became, above all. a meat market. Great Fire Drama The Fire of London, which occurred not long afterwards, damaged only the western front of Leadenhall. A certain alderman ti rew a hatful of money among the people, urging them to further efforts. "He alone there, under God, gave a check to the tire," said a spectator. Later Leadenhall Market was entirely rebuilt in freestone and divided into three courts; during the 18th century It ranked as the largest market in London. A survey of 1824 described It as the "greatest for the sale of country - killed meat" tnd "the only skin and leather market within the bills of mortality." At length, in 1879 - 80. the old buildings came down and the first stone of a new market. 26,900 square feet in area, was laid in 1881. Although the modern Leadenhall with its glass roof the city dragon - crest, may be less of a household word than it was In the time of mad Sim Eyre, its fame is permanent; the poultry - sellers may go, but the life of this historic market will not cease. SIR EDWARD BARRY'S HOME LONDON. Sir Edward Barry, himself 80 and the owner of Ockwells Manor, a priceless house nearly 500 years old, is most dis tressed, for a new by - pass road is to be built only a few hundred yards from his home. Ockwells, near Bray, in Berk shire, is Vtill almost exactly as It was when built. It has priceless stained - glass windows. And the danger of allowing heavy traffic to pass at speed so close is that after a few years the vibration will destroy these. Bronte Relic For Sale LONDON. Some anxiety la felt in literary quarters, especially those who follow the Bronte cult, about the fate of one of the famous houses in the "Shirley" country, which has just come up for sale through the death of its owner - occupier, a West Riding doctor. This is the Red House at Gomersal, in the Spen Valley, which Charlotte so faithfully described as "The Briarmains" of "Shirley," and which she made the home of Hiram Yorke, one of its principal characters. For Hiram Yorke she took Us owner, Joshua Taylor, who was the father of Mary Taylor ("Rose Yorke"), Charlotte's school friend at Roe Head, Mirfield. The Red House is finely built and spacious, with attractive period features, but it now stands in the centre of the town and the fear is that it may be acquired for purposes other than residence, which the, Bronte enthusiasts feel will Inevitably result In its eclipse as a place of pilgrimage. Such it has been for more than half a century, since successive owners have, with pride and interest, always made it accessible to visitors from all parts of the world. a .1 . fi 4 ' ' 'ml. - A I .i: .: - :.' - :":''v. - ' y ' - ':'.;.. . - r., :';";'.. ' ," 4 - X Ihiii'" I ii mi iii in! r'h iiJ i ii ii " 'Urn mil'") '" i n n ' r r Princesses Entertain At Yuletide Party LONDON (by mail) Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret gave a big Christmas party at Buckingham Palace. Just oveo 100 boys and girls personal friends of ' the two Princesses attended. There were 50 grown - ups present. Including the King and Queen, Queen Mary, and other members of the royal family. Prince Ed ward and Princess Alexandra or Kent, cousins of the royal hostesses, were there, as were several relatives of the Princesses on their mother's side, Marionetta Show Tea was served In the stale din ' ing - room, with a huge iced Christ - mas cake, and there were crackers and all sorts of games. One of the chief attractions was a marlon - ette show, and, after tea, there was dancing. The boys and girls and their elders walked at will through the state rooms on the first floor, all of which were thrown open for them. After tea the Princesses and the other children were taken on to the terrace at the back of the palace, and, with the King and Queen and other guests, watched display, of fireworks in the gardens. After the fireworks the children went back into the palace to finish the party with dancing. Friend Buys Pusey Horn For Museum LONDON The Victoria and AW bert museum, South Kensington, added to its treasures In mid - December through the generosity of a woman who prefers to remain anonymous, one of the most historic pieces in the William Randolph Hearst collection of silver, which was dispersed at Christie's. From King Canuta It is the Anglo - Saxon ox horn, with English silver mounts of the fifteenth century, known as the Pusey Horn, and given by King Canute to William Pusey for services rendered. The horn remained in the possession of the Pusey family till 1935, when it was sold to Mr. Hearst for 1.950. At the sale Mr. Francis Mallclt, acting for the anonymous woman, gave 1,900 for it. Another Hearst' piece to go to the South Kensington museum is a commonwealth peg tankard and cover, by John Plummer, of York, 1657. This was purchased by Sir Alec Martin, acting on behalf of the National Art - Collection Fund, for 820. (Mr. Hearst paid 604 for it in 1936.) Ancient Mace For Museum The National Ait - Collection Fund, In conjunction with the Bov ton Preservation Trust, purchased for presentation to the Boston ' (Lines) museum the silver - gilt mace in the form of an oar by Benjamin Pyne, 1725. An inscription engraved on the oar reads: "fills Oar, a Badge of Authorltj, used by the Ancient Corporation of Boston, was sold by the modern Town Council in 1832 (the price is said to be a little under 30), and purchased by Francis Thlrkill, an Alderman of the Boro', by whose widow it was presented to the Earl Brownlow In 1840." In the Brown - low sale, 1929., it brought 1,800. At the December sale it cost 1,100. . Miss Bishop Becomes Bride Of Lord George Douglas Scott LONDON Tie Duke and Duchess of Gloucester attended Dec. 16 the marriage at St. Margaret's, Westminster, of Lord George Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 10th Royal Hussars, youngest son of the late Duke of Buccleuch and of the Dowager Duchess of Buccleuch, and Miss Mary Wina Man - nin (Molly) Bishop, only daughter of Lieutenant - Colonel and Mrs. H. O. Bishop, of Harewood, Andover Down, Hants. Canon V. F. Storr officiated, assisted by the Rev. Dr. G. A. Cooke, the Rev. H. D. Dale, and the Rev. R. B. Parker. In the absence of her fa'. her through illness, the bride was given away by her brother, Mr. Timothy Bishop. She wore a gown of heavy white crepe, the high - waisted bodice fashioned with a deep, heart - shaped neckline, and smocked with diamante. The full bishop sleeves were gathered into a tight - fit'.ing cuff smocked to match the bodice. The skirt, moulded over the hips, was extend ed to form a train and finished with narrow border of diamante. Her veil of aquamarine - tinted tulle was surmounted by a small diamond coronet. She carried a shower - bouquet of mixed white flowers. The Bridal Attendants Tne Hon. Davina Cecil carried the train, and there were fixe other child attendants Lady Caroline Scott and Diana Phipps (nieces of the bridegroom), Neclia Plun - ket, Doon Plunket, and - he Hon. Shaun Plunket followed by two grown - up bridesmaids Lady Iris MounthRtten and Miss Jocelyn Wingfield. The page wore a jerkin of ao.ua marine - blue velvet smocked with j pearls, a white muslin blouse with bishop sleeves, and white satin breeches. The little girls were in full - skirted frocks of white '.ulle over white satin, the bodices smocked with pearls and made with bishop sleeves.1 The grown - up bridesmaids wore full - skirted dresses of white stiffened lace with short light - fitting jackets of aquamarine - blue velvet. They all wore flal hair - wreaths of blue forget - me - nots with flowing veils of white tulle, and carried posies of the same flower tied with tulle. Mr. John Scott, 9th Lancers, cousin of the bridegroom, was best man, and a guard of honor was formed from the 10th Royal Hussars. A reception was held at 2, Gros - venor Place, lent by the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Among the Presents Queen Mary sent cn eighteenth - century silver teapot to Lord George Scott and his bride. The Duke of Gloucester and the Duch - e.ss of Gloucester who Is a sis'.er of Lord George Scott) sent a canteen of silver. The Duke of Buccleuch sent silver entree dishes, and the Duchess of Buccleuch gave a blue fox cape to the bride. The Dowager Duchess of Buccleuch's presents Included two armchairs, a card - table, and other furniture and cushions, ag well as a pearl necklace for the bride. Lord George Scot', gave his bride a fitted raw - hide dressing - case. Memorial To Noted Coachman Is Woman's Head Carved On Pin LONDON A bronis pin. the head of which U a delicately carved portrait head of a woman, has been discovered during excavations of a Roman building at Dorchester, Dorset. The pin is 2 inches long, but though it is only about the thickness of a match - stick a perfect image has been carved on it Nearby were the remains of a pot hearing the maker's name. Uxopillus, a potter who is known to have worked In North France belweer A D. 140 and 180. LONDON It Is a far cry from the days when coaches went spanking down from London to Brighton, passing on their way those new - fangled motor - cars, most of them broken down by the roadside;, and when Jim Selhy, greatest coachman of his time, won a wager of 1,000 hy doing the double journey in less than eight hours. But the memory of the old coaching days Is not allowed to die. The late Mr. Bertram Mills was an enthusiast: it was he who secured the "Old Times" coach driven by Selby now almost a heirloom In the Mills family and he had looked forward to com memorating the fiftieth anniver sary of the death of the old coachman by unveiling a tablet to his memory. Dec. 15 the ceremony was performed by Mr. Mills son. On the exterior wall of No. 7. Edgware road, where Selby lived and died, there has been affixed a tablet which tells of the notable feat he performed In July. 188S. The original coach, with, as passengers, some of Mr. Mills' coaching friends, drew up on the dny of the unveiling outside Hatchel!. in Piccadilly it was from the White Horse cellars that Selby set out on July 13, 18S8, on his celebrated journey and drove off to Edgware road. Mr. Bernard Mills was the whip, the youngest hy far of this coaching fraternity, In which 70 Is regarded but as approaching middle age; on the box seat was Mr. J. Roy Lancaster, a well - known coaching man for manv years, who. with Mr Edward P. Watts, was associated with the late Mr. Bertram Mills in the presentation of the tablet. In the brake seat was Mr. Cyril B. Mills. After the unveiling ceremony i tnere was luncheon at the Con - ! naught Club. The guests w ho I were coaching men wore rhemier - I d striped waistcoats, at one time the pride of "horsey" men and the despair of motorists. Mr. Bcr ; tram Mills' memory was honored In silence The company then re - called coaching competitions on the Brighton run. Jingle JSridge 0n S)econ "Here is the place where loveliness keeps house, Between the river and the wooded Jiills Fingle Bridge, pictured here in midsummer, is one of the beauty spots in Devon. The picture was taken for The Tribune by J. Dixon Scott, London. J Sir Edward Lutyens Named President Of Royal Academy ONDOjrC1 LORD ROTHSCHILD'S OFFER Lord Rothschild has offered Tring Park, Including the mansion and certain parts of the grounds, as a gift to the Trustees of the British Musvum (Natural History!. It will be recalled that Lord Rothschild's uncle, who died lust ear, bequeathed his natural history collections and private museum, which stands just outside the park at Tring, to the Trutees ot the British Museum for use as an annex to the Natural History Museum at South Kensington. TREE WITH 13,000 TOYS! Blackpool always does things big. It took thirty men an hour to carry a Christmas tree from the street to the floor of the Tower ballroom. It was 50 feet high, and weighed nearly two tons. Before the tree was ready, a thousand scarlet and green lights, 15.000 dolls and toys, and three - quarters of a mile of glittering tinsel were in place. STUDYING TO BE BARRISTER A young girl who is very well known in society is Miss Ardita de Lenbcke, twenty, raven - haired, good - looking, presented two ears ago. She has taken up a very unusual profession for a joung woman. She is studying to be a barrister at the Inner Temple, and took first part of her exam in December. Lord North Succeeded By His Grandson LONDON Baron North, twelfth holder of the title to which he suc ceeded when he was 71, died this month at his home, Klrtling Tower, Newmarket. He was 78 years of age. His father, who died In 1932 in his 86th year, was England's oldest peer. The family is well known in Oxfordshire, where in 1933 they final ly severed their connection wttn Wroxton Abbey after an unbroken occupation since the beginning of the 17th century. Lord North married Miss Arabella Valeria Keppell North, a kinswoman of the Earl of Guildford, in 1885. and their only son, the Hon. Dudley William John North, died In 1936 at the age of 48. His only son. Mr. John Dudley North, a midshipman In the Royal Navy, who was born in 1917, is the heir to the barony. Deepest Building LONDON Excavation is to begin immediately at Portland place, London, for the extension of Broadcasting House to more than double its present size. The depth to which the building will go 54 feet below pavement level will be lower than the vaults of the Bank of England. So Broadcasting House will become probably London's deepest building. It will be ready in 1940 equipped even for air raid emergencies. LONDON. Jan. 7 Sir Edwin Lutyens, world - famous architect, was elected president of the Royal Academy, Dec. 10. This is always the date chosen for such a ceremony, since it v.s on that day In 1768 that Sir Joshua Reynolds was chosen as th academy's first president. The voters are the 40 full Royal Academicians. It is an old R.A. custom that every newly - elected member present a piece of silver - plate to the Academy for general use. Spoons, forks, salt - cellars and mustard pots used at council dinners and luncheons are all inscribed with the names of the donors and the date of the gift. A large silver inkstand presented by Sir Joshua Reynolds is always placed on the council table, together with some beautiful candlesticks and snuff boxes, also gifts from past mem bers. Sir Edwin Lutyens is 69 and the third architect to be elected president in the history of the Royal Academy. He is a good speaker, with great grace and courtliness of manner. Among his best - known works are the Ceno taph in Whitehall, the Somme Me morial at Thiepval. the Australian War Memorial in France and the George V memorial at Windsor. He designed the Roman Catholic Cathedral at Liverpool and is adviser to the Indian government on the planning of the new Delhi. Sir Edwin's appointment must be approved by the King, who then invests him with the chain of office whclh was first presented by, George IV to Sir Thomas Law rence. Bust Of Lord Snowden Is Unveiled In Treasury Board Room LONDON A bronze bust of the late Lord Snowden was unveiled In the board room of the treasury In mid - December. A short address was delivered by Lord Baldwin, in which he emphasized the integrity and courage, both physical and moral, of the late chancellor of the exchequer, as shown supremely in the way in which he steered the financial ship to safety in 1931. It was not an easy thing to' take the line Lord Snowden had In severing himself from his old colleagues. Lord Baldwin spoke of occasions when he visited Lord Snowden at his home at Tilford when, as he believed, each saw In the other something akin to himself which brought affection and regard. ELLEN TERRY'S HOME LONDON The National Trust are considering taking over for preservation the Tudor cottage, Small Hythe, Kent, which, for the last years of her life, was the home of Dame Ellen Terry, it was announced recently. The Boar's Head Feast LONDON. The pageantry of the Boar's Head Feast of the Cutlers' Company was held In London In December. Nona of the historic customs of the City of London is of greater antiquity than this feast. It goes back at least 2,000 years, the Master' Cutler told the assembled company. At the season of Yu - ul, when the earth was ice - bound, he said, the Vikings, to accelerate the sun's return, sacrificed a boar and feasted on Its head. The Vikings passed, but their feast remained. The boar's head was borne Into Culler's hall fo - iis year's feast, at which the Lord Mayor and sheriffs of London were guests. Beadle and heralds led the way, and' the knife - bearer, banner - bearer and mustard - pot - bearer followed.
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