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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. $937 Billion Debt What a prodigal people we are! Even at our present high rate of personal income, it would take us about two and a half years to pay off all our debts, public and private. We pushed them up to the fantastic sum of $937 billion in 1961. Government on all levels, Federal, state and local, accounted for a good half of the debt. Business incurred about one-third. Private debts, totalling $202.9 billion, were divided, $145.8 billion for home mortgages and $57.1 billion consumer debts. The Commerce Department which issued the figures, said that individual borrowing contributed less to the 1961 recovery than in previous upswings. Consumers spent cash for what they needed, instead of going into debt for it. They had it to spend. PHEASANTS FOR THE PEASANTS The Moral Climate The law will not make us any better than we a,s a community are prepared to make ourselves, 500 leaders of government, religion, communications media and civic groups were told in a "Dialogue on the Mass Media and the Moral Climate" held in New York. Mayor Robert F. Wagner told the group that television and the other mass media are not the only ones to blame for the dubious moral climate surrounding modern youth. He found fault with "the whole collection of static and materialistic values of our society." That put the blame where it belongs. For mass media reflects the standards of the society it serves. And while it has a duty to lead, it can rise only as high as we are willing for it to go. The ultimate responsibility is ours and ours alone. Century of Farming The immense technological advances in agriculture in the last century are described in the 704-page illustrated book extolling the accomplishments of a century of United States farmers since Abraham Lincoln established the Department of Agriculture 100 years ago. It traces how American farm production has become the envy of the world today. However, a great many challenges lay ahead, Secretaary Orville L. Freeman notes in a forward. He lists adequate incomes for farmers, the need to use our abundance to help the hungry and the naked in the universal family of which we are a part, and an expanded program of care and use that will insure the best utilization of the land, water and forests to meet the future needs of the nation. The century has seen the nation develop from an agricultural to an urban economy. Yet the fewer farms and farmers take care of all the nation's needs for food and fiber with enough to spare to feed and cloth the world's needy. Agriculture has good reason to celebrate a centennial that has seen such progress. The Shape of Earth: All nations of the world were invited by the United States to join in determining the shape of the earth by observing an American satellite that has a flashing light. In effect, the flashing light satellite is a triangulation point in space for determining distances and positions on earth. With a simple astronomical telescope, each nation can determine with extraordinary mapping accuracy its geographic place and size on earth. The technically less advanced nations can take part along with the most advanced. In the Past One Year Ago Reorganization: Explanation of selecting school board members . . . Appointments were outlined. _ . . Begin Market st. work soon . . . Project slated . . . State assures cooperation. Big victory for Caston backers .. . Official opinion. WALTER WINCHELL Broadway and Elsewhere How do I feel about what they- are saying about BB and WW? Frankly, I'm not sure. You've given a $7,000 a year rookie no- hitler pitcher and the Angels $700,000 worth of publicity with your constant pitches in the papers. But you can't pitch for him when •he puts on the uniform. You've sung lullabies to put him to sleep early the night before he's scheduled to go to the twirling well. But, you can't always be sure in baseball what night it will be, Walter. The Angels front-office ' hasn't eased any of his financial pressure by refusing to grant him a raise for fear it will upset the ranks. That's akin to telling Patrice Munsel she should be satisfied to make the same as the spear-carriers. couldn't find him; Eddie Samuels, the "Sweet Bird of Youth" scene- stealer; Patsy and Rose D'Amore, Hollywood's most popular acrobats, and least but not last, the narrator of "The Untouchables," who was told off in these words: "Shrudlu etain and xlgubxr." On the Lighter Side . . But—you can help to make another star—by advising Bo Belinsky to step toward Copperstown's Baseball Hall of Fame—before he worries about getting his footprints in front of Grauman's Chinese Theatre on Hollywood Blvd. Hollywood might give HIM a hotfoot. Sincerely, Bo's Man Friday and a Hearst man, too—BUD FURILLO, L.A. Herald Examiner. P. 9.: Lay off JFK—he's the greatest." Don Rickles opened at Slate's menagerie on La Cienage Blvd. for a 4 night stand and convulsed the heavily-populated-with-celebri- lies joint for an hour. His fastest and funniest frolic to date . . . His mad routines and "insults" at the Very-Well-Knowns delighted the jammed-packed .place. His targets included Eddie Fisher (none of the quips can be quoted in a respectable Tabloid), who laughed loudest at the comedian's risgay- est jibes at Liz; Connie Stevens, the darling of "Hawaiian Eye," got the Rickles Treatment, as did Angel No-Hitter-Hurler Bo Bclin- sky; Jack Warden, the Hollywood Big-Timer of "Naked City"; newcomer to the night club circuit Elliott Reid (his mimicry of Mr. White House is a carbon copy). His refreshing nonsense: belongs on B'way, Mr. Merrick . . . The Jackie "Hennessy" Coopers were also ribbed. Jack Carter, the fastest funny man in show biz, elected to hide in the corner where Rickles Have Presidents always been criticized by the press? Historically, the free press' duty to report the truth is frequently in conflict with the primary motivating force of politics: A quest for power. John Adams (Sokolsky's favorite President) sought lo stop press critics by pressuring Congress into passing a press gag law. Many newsmen were jailed or fined. But it failed to stop press criticism. On the contrary, it was intensified. Eventually voters were aroused to the challenge to their basic liberties and trounced Adams and his party in the next election. Jefferson succeeded Adams and rclen.sed the jailed reporters. Jefferson's aid to the press fiiiled to givti him journalistic immunity. He was as vigorously criticized as Adams. And it was Jefferson who stated: "If a people had to be without newspapers or without government, they would do better without government." (End ol history lesson.) What is our major economic problem? The competition represented by the burgeoning industrial power of Japan and Germany. Ironically, our former enemies managed to become our toughest competitors in world markets—thanks to U.S. dollars which rebuilt their economies. Sickening, isn't it? Why is that former pro-Red editor in N.Y.C. pouting? His girlish pout is provoked by several facts. We reported he was a top Young Communist League official. Which is true. Wo reported his paper's circulation is diving. Which is true. We reported the leftist leaning of liiif buddy- buddy Arthur Schlesingcr Jr. Which is true . . . And it; it also true that the former Communist's rag puts Walter Winchell's name on its front page trying to ped- dldi papers. Ten Years Ago Bishop John G. Bennett dedicated Shrine of St. Anthony at St. Francis of Assissi Novitiate east of Logansport. Friday the 13th held no terror for Dale Lee Griffey of Camden as he celebrated his seventh Adam's township 4-H demonstration team takes honors at Purdue university Round-Up . . . Win all-expense trip to Chicago for best demonstration on livestock loss prevention. Twenty Years Ago The local rationing board permitted the sale of seven new cars last week. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Gardner Martin, rural route 1, Camden, m Cass county hospital. • Mrs. Paul Wilson won the Ladies Day blind bogey golf tournament at the Logansport Country Club. __ Fifty Years Ago It was 90 degrees in the shade yesterday. Water in the Eel river was low and the supply was becoming alarmingly short said Supt. HaTry Klinck. Miss Faye Stiver was badly burned preparing dinner Monday. By 1>ICK WEST WASHINGTON (UPI) - Visitors to the U.S. Capitol frequently complain that the system of lettering and numljering the floors of Ihe various buildings is confusing. On the other hand, people who work in the Capitol contend that the system is logical but the visitors are confusing. WiUi a new tourist season now getting underway, I thought it might contribute to better understanding between the public and the Congress if I undertook to explain just how the system works. It's simple, really, and once you get the hang of it you have no trouble finding your way around, particularly if there is a guard handy to give you directions. For instance, if we enter the new House Office Building through the main door, we might think of ourselves as being on the ground floor. But technically we will be on the first floor. The ground floor or the ground floor, depending on how you look at it. Or, if we enter the main door of the old House Office Building, we -will be on the second floor, which corresponds to the first floor of the new building. Technically, the old building does not have a ground floor, so its street level is either the first floor or the seeond floor. You follow me thus far? Very well. If we now take an elevator lo the lowest level, we will be on what is technically known as the basement floor. Here we will see a sign which says "subway to the fourth floor,". This doesn't mean the subway runs to the fourth floor. It means the elevators run from the subway lo the fourth floor. The subway runs to the Capitol proper, where the floors are lettered, "B," F," "P" and "G." If we ask the elevator operator for the ground floor, he will let us off at "F," not "G." "F" stands for "first," but is usually called the street floor. There is no "S" floor except in the old Senate Office Building. But there "S" stands for "subway," not "street." Elsewhere, the subway is lettered "B," which stands for "basement." The level on which the House and Senate chambers are located is called the "floor." It, however, is not lettered "F." It is lettered "P," which stands for principal." In the Capitol itself, "G" stands for gallery," but in the new Senate Office Building, "G" stands for "ground." However, the "G" floor is at ground level only at cne end. At the other end, the ground, or street, level is the first floor. This completes our orientation tour of the Capitol. All we have to do now is find our way out. Reviews Of TV Shows By RICK DU BROW HOLLYWOOD (UPI) — President Kennedy, says comedian Mort Sahl, brought Big Steel to its knees "so it could face the consumer on an eye-to-eye level." Think that's -funny? How about this one? Negro comedian Dick Gregory, needling an applauding audience, says'"Don't clap. Just take me to lunch when it's not Brotherhood Week." These are samples of the contemporary angry humor examined Tuesday night on ABC - TV's "Close-up!", guided by a producer-director-writer who has become the creator of television's most exciting documentaries—-and is, I blush to admit, a lady. The lady is one Helen Jean Rogers; and she and her staff have such a dazzling and show- manlike knowledge of the use of sound, sight and editing on television that it is easy to overlook her oversights. Tuesday night, for instance, amid all the razzle-dazzle and surface explanations by cartoonists Al Capp and Jules Feiffer, Prof. Bergen Evans and others, it suddenly occurred that the problems of social satirists on commercial television had not teen brought to the fore, to coin a phrase. Timely Situation It was an ideal and timely situation for such a probe: Sahl, who said Tuesday night that "the President has to <be discussed just like anybody else," is the resident host this week on the "Tonight" show vacated by Jack Paar. And, having personally been unable to crack network television with a series of his own,. he is more than qualified to talk on the matter. Furthermore, the network dismissals of Bob Newhart and Steve Allen, combined with the return next season of Sid Caesar, were excellent fodder for discussion. The name of Miss Rogers' show was "What's So Funny?"—and- its only weak moments were attempts to analyze the "new wave" humor. The essence of humor, especially satire, is that its targets are immediately recogniz-. Me; and an explanation' to the supposedly intelligent audience it is aimed at is superfluous, except to (hose of a pedantic turn of mind. Happily, there was more demonstration than explanation. The talented "Second City" troupe offered a sketch about an American colonel in Southeast Asia who was concerned because he commanded some pacifists and thought that this might be "tricky" militarily. In American Spirit And a fellow from "The Uni- quecorns" in Washington, D.C., told how Caroline Kennedy cut in on a phone conversation between the President and Premier Khrushchev. Kennedy tells her he's speaking to Santa Clans and. says, "Nikila, would you say 'ho- ho-ho?'!'' Capp was one of those who did not feel kindly about the angry comics. Others felt that laughing at ourselves, even in such extreme form, was in the American spirit. It was generally a walloping half hour; and Miss Rogers, ' like any intelligent woman, turned on tile dazzle to camouflage any defects. She's pretty, too. The Channel Swim: Edie Adams is reported set for eight ABC-TV specials next season. , .The late Jeff Chandler stars in ABC-TV's "Hollywood Special" movie, "Ten Seconds To Hell," July 1. . .Jack Lescoulic returns lo NBC-TV's "Today" show as a regular July 9. Joe E. Ross joins Fred Gwynne, his cosiar from "Car 54, Where Are You?", on NBC-TV's "Show of the Week" play June 24. . .Bo Belinsky, no-hit pitcher of baseball's Los Angeles Angels, will guest on a segment of ABC-TV's "77 'Sunset Strip." Wednesday Evening, June 13,1962. . 4 ; under the act DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Round LUNCHEON JOKE WASHINGTON (DPI)..- President Kennedy quipped Tuesday that he would start taking. Senate Republican Leader Everett Dirksen, III, with him on trips around the world. ' The President noted at a luncheon for visiting Panamanian President Roberto F. Clu'ari that Chiari had brought with 'him Foreign Minister Galileo Solis, oppo- ^ition leader in Panama, "' "The to-partisan position is strong here," Kennedy jokingly observed,'"and I will take Everett with me whenever I go out of the United States in an attempt to follow your example." WASHINGTON. - It is now learned that President Kennedy's . cancellation of 22 subscriptions to the New York Herald Tribune was ordered by him personally, and 'what caused it was the May 23 edition. On May 22, the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee, probing stockpiling, came up with a major scandal of the Eisenhower Administration. It developed the amazing fact that a Chicago company, had been permitted to slip out of a signed and sealed contract with the U. S. government for the purchase of copper because the price had gone up. General Services officials didn't want to let the firm out of its contract, but they got orders from above, thereby giving a windfall of $6,338,825 to the company. Later it developed (hat Sinclair Weeks, Ike's Secretary of Commerce and former Finance Chairman of the Republican National Committee, had given the orders lo let the company make $6,338,825. President Kennedy, reading the newspapers on the morning of May 23, noted a page-one story in the New York Times on the stock, pile scandal. The Times headline read: "86,000,000 windfall to copper concern is tied to influence." But when he looked in the New York Herald Tribune he found no mention of the copper scandal at all. Curious, he had his staff check the Herald Trib carefully. The Republican scandal was omitted from every edition of the paper except the last. The late city edition finally got around to mentioning it, but buried it on Page 32. Billie Sol Estes Contrast On page 1 of the Herald Tribune May 23 however, the President noted a four-column banner headline on Ihe current Democratic scandal. It read: "Esles 'suicide' murder, preliminary findings indi. cale." There followed on page 25 almost a full page on Billie Sol Estes, with pictures. The Republican copper scandal involved an Eisenhower cabinet member and handed a windfall of $6,000,000 to a private company. The Billie Sol Estes Democrat scandal so far hasn't lost the government anything, though one Republican Congressman and three Democrats received financial benefits ranging from $1,000 to $4,000. The $6,000,000 Republican copper scandal, however, rated a near blackout. President Kennedy at that point canceled the paper. Blubbering Congressman H. Carl Andersen, the talkative Congressman from Minnesota, made one factual statement during his one-hour diatribe against this reporter and others for exposing his involvement in the Billie Sol Estes scandals. He was absolutely right in saying that colleagues had "shunned" him. But he. didn't tell all. His cwn party leaders furiously objected *o his behavior. But they were unable to persuade him lo cancel his speech. Republican leader Charlie Halleck of Indiana warned Andersen: "If you will take my advice, you won't make this speech. You will only hurt yourself. Can't you understand that? Don't do it." "Nope," blurted Andersen, slul> bornly shaking his head. "I know what I'm doing." "I don't think you do," snapped Halleck. "If you go through with it, you're on your own. Don't expect me lo back you up." A few days previously, elder statesman Joe Martin of Massachusetts, former Republican Speaker of the House, also advised Andersen. "Lay off that stuff," he said, when he heard the Minnesotian was planning a broadside against newsmen. Andersen again shook his head. When, finally, he took the floor to begin his blustering, blubbering address, there were looks of pained disgust on the faces of most colleagues. Joe Martin walked out before Andersen was half finished. Later, Andersen asked Martin: "What did you think of my speech?" "I heard only half of it," replied the ex-Speaker tersely. Reporter eatablUhe* 1889 Chuckles in The News By United Press International FOR COWARDS ONLY BRADFORD, England (U-P1)- The Rev. Charles Manchester has refused to many any more bridegrooms who ne'jd courage to walk up the aisle. "At least half the bridegrooms smell like a brewery and walk to the altar u little bit tipsy," he said, "If I had a couple of whiskies or a lew beers the bride and groom would take a dim view of it." UNCLAIMED ITEMS AUCTION NEW YORK (UPI)-The Port of New York Authority today auctions off thousands of unclaimed items lost in its terminals. Up for bids are an ice crushing machine, an electric massager, a box of electric shavers, two wicker bar stools, a pair of pith helmets, Chinese popular records and a skindiving outfit complete with air lank. FOR THE BIRDS BURSAGE, England (UPI) -~ Yorkmen investigating why the parish church clock stopped found three bird's nests and enough straw Co fill two buckets. ONE BIG PARTY MILWAUKEE (UPI-)-Frank ,T. Jazdzewski, 6V, veteran member of the Milwaukee County Safely Commission, was fined $iflO Tuesday for reckless driving while returning home from a pa"rty for another safety commission official. The judge who imposed the fine also attended the party. Almanac Today is Wednesday, June 13, the 164th day of (he year wifh 201 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1877, Iho Russo-Turkish war began. In 1935, Jim Braddock won (he world heavyweight boxing title from Max Bsicr in a 15-round decision at Long Island City, N.Y. In 1944, Germany's highly publicized "secret weapon," the flying bomb, was dropped on English targets J r or Ihe first lime. A thought for the day: The English philosopher and author, Francis Bacon, said: "Words and discourse aboundeth most where there is idleness and want." Public Forum The Pharos-Tribune invites views of itsi readers. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and must be signed by the writer with address. A request to use initials, and not the full name, will not be honored. Address letters to: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Ind. HUBERT PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dally (except Sntnrdny» and Bolldayn) 40c per weeta daily and gnnrtaj by carrier, 8=0.80 per year In the city of Loeaiuport 40u nir week by carrier ont»lde of l,OKnn«port. By mall on rnral ronteTlB Ca»i, Carroll, White, Pulankl, Pulton and Miami conntle., •1200 ner Tear! ontllde trading area and within Indiana, *M.OO pe» year, o P at«ldr«idlai,a, »18.00 per year. (Ul mall .nbaerlptton. paynbl. tn adTanee. No mall •nb«crlptton» cold where carrier «ervlee In main. Illned, Pharoi entablUhed Jonr«al 1 c1t.bll.hed ^^^^^ =a35W—" Tr ,bune c.tablli,l«a 184* Pnbllihed dally except Saturday and holldayx Co., Inc. 617 Bast Broadway, IioR«n»port, Indiana. *)a»> matter at the pojit oldce at Loeannport. ina •area 3. 187B. *3H«rbie Jeakiaa and 1 were tte life of the jjarty.' MEMBER i AUDIT BOBBAB OF CHlOWfcATIOHS UNITED PRESS IMTBRNATIONAI. PHABOI-TRIBCNB NattoBHl Adrerttilac ©King Features Syndicate, Inc., 1963. World rights reserved, "What'* the matter; won't it starts"