The Newcastle Weekly Courant from Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England on September 14, 1888 · 2
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The Newcastle Weekly Courant from Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England · 2

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England
Issue Date:
Friday, September 14, 1888
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2. Historic!., Antiquarian, Gesealogicil, BiBLioaftiPHiCAi.. AND OENEItAL. FilEE AND OPEN TO ALL READERS. When correspondents, in answering inquiries, make extracts from anv book or other publication, they will oblige ty quoting the authority, not only in justice to the ausboi, ous to satisfy the. inquirers NOTES. HOW NAME? ARE INVENTED. It is stated that Mrs Chapman, one of the ; women murdered in Whitechapel, was callea ' Mrs s.evey bjcaase the man she lived with was a sieve-maker. B. NICKNAMES. . It hag often been noticed how common is the habit, especially among the working classes in the northern counties, of asms nicknames of persona instead of giving them their formal" and proper names. Nowhere is this commoner than in Lancashire, I need only point out that at a well-known watering-place on the Lancashire coast, where a new life brigade as recently formed, the local papers give a list of the names and addresses ot those chosen to man the new lifeboats. Of thirty-one fishermen no fewer than thirteen were better identified by the nicknames, given in brackets, Sammie, Shifty, Crow, Tuff, Killer, Drummer, Stretch, Dawber, Dagger, Fash, Hottle, Henry's Harry, and Bold?. This is oniy a chance case, and many others might be found. J. E. S., Manchester, INQUIRIES. " A Palish Corns " at Ford. In the interesting extracts from the register of the iiarish of Ford, lately given in the Courant, I notice a curious record as follows: "A,D. 172, Aug. 2S. Atchdeacon Thomas Sharp visited the church and ordered the iollowing, ' To procure a register of parcn-ment; A Patine or plate for ye communion. A Table of Marriages. . . . A cover for the Font. A Parish Coffin. Abookof Homilies, &c.'" The compiler of the extracts has indeed thrown out a suggestion, but the entry deserves further notice, What is meant by "a parish coffin. - COCJUKT. ., , . Whitf Hoi-sk.-Is the " palace ' of the president of the United States white, and if not why is it called White Houso?-B. H. . The Bishop's Waste. Does any reader know which part of the south bank ot the Tyue is or was known as the Bishop's Waste, and why it cams to be so called? D. C, Miotlev. John Locgh, thk Sctlitoe. Was John Lough a native of Newcastle or'of Tyne-ide ? Particulars of his iife which I believe was far out of the common would ba interesting. N. G. 13. AJSSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS. Pets or' the Kkc'.ment. I trust 1 shall not be considered to be departing from the subject on which inquiry was made a few weeks ao, in giving a few cases of which the famous geese of Rome, which saved the citadel, may D3 taken as a type. Animals of all kinds naturally serve as -ood sentinels, and among other cases, Plutarch relates that he soldiers of a Greek garrison being incapacitated by drink, the enemy profited to commence the assault. Fortunately, a dog belonging to the fort ran off to the town, and succeeded by his barking in arousing the inhabitants, who bad time to arm and come to the assistance ot the garrison. Agestlas employed doga also during the siege of Slantiuca. In Greece, the citadel of Corinth was renowned for its garrison of Molosses, a large breed of shepherds' dogs. The Huns of Attila had enormous dogs, to whom they confided the safety of their camps. The Celts and Teutons always went to war with dogs, trained to give the finishing stick? to their enemies; and tiie Roman legions stood in eonsidevatle dread of the animals, A bas-relief found in the ruins oE Herculaueuni represents dogs arrayed in armour defending a post attacked by barbarians. Napoleon I. wrote to Mnrcnont, in 17B!), shortly before the battle of Aboukir, " There must be a quantity of dogs in Alexandria, which vou could easily utilise by attaching a large number at a short distance from your walls." The celebrated French dog. Moustache, which was present at nearly all the wais of ttie Oonsulat and the First Umpire, warned the French army of the approach of the Austrians by night in the Ithlian campaign of 17'J0. Some time afterwards he scented an Austrian spy who had entered the French cimp in disguise. Again, it is related of him that at the battle of Austerlitz he saved the colours of the regiment. Tne staudsid-hiarer was struck down, and the dog immediatsly seized the flag from the hands of au Austrian, and carried it oil' in triumph to his company. As a reward for this noble conduct Moustache was decorated by Marshal Launes. B.F. l:Ari.s. The pearl has its origin In the efforts of the oyster to protect itself from the irritation caused by the presence of some foreign body between the shell and its mantle, as the soft skin of the oyster is technically termed. According to a West Australian the foreign matter may, in some instances, he a grain of sand, but it is believed to be more often either a parasite of some kind, or perhaps an egg belonging to the oyster herself. To mitigate the suffering caused by this vexatious intruder the oyster deposits thereon a coating of the same material as that of which the shell is composed, and when once this process has begun, it continues till in time the pearl grows large enough to fill the oyster. It is still a matter of doubt at what age it is most advisable that oysters should be fished for, but the general opinion seems to be that they are at their best, on the average, when four years old. If the pearl is buried in the soft substance of the oyster, it is generally round and pear-shaped, and is called a pearl, or if very small a "seed pearl." If. on the other hand, one side of the pearl is adhering to the shell, while the other is round, it is called a "button pearl." Sometimes a boring parasite makes its way through the shell, bat before it gets quite through the oyster feels the irritation and pressure which it causes, and deposits a layer of pearly matter in the shell itself. This is called a pearl blister. These are often found of curious shapes, hut they are not of great value except ascuiiositias. The fonnatiou of peails is thus, in point oi fact, commonplace enough, suggesting even in the prosaic mind the formation of the comjnon corn on the human toe. A. B, C. Donkf.i.i.y's As reference has been made in this column to DonDellyand his Shakespeare-Bacon theory, it may not be unseasonable to point out a curious coincidence which even the ingenious Donnelly has omitted to observe. The name Shake-spear is rare and its origin is doubtful, but'it is not without its parallel. The name of Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of wisdom, has a similar meaning, and Durgn, the Indian representative of heroic valour united with wisdom, takes hername, like "Pallas," from vibrating a lance. To show clearly the resemblance between the meaning of these three names I need only quote a few lines written by Dr G. G. Zerffi, the historian: "Please take un a Greek dictionary, and you will see that pallo, paJi'stiiai, pulkin, fiom which Pallas, the proper name, is derived, means to brandish, to sway, to quiver, to shake. That is quite clear. The Sanskrit word Durga has the same meaning, to shake, to vibrate. Pallas Athene means, litendly. the Shaking Goddess of Athons, and as she was represented scarcely ever without a spear, whether anybody called her the Shaking Goddess has nothing to do with the fact -hat her name was derived from 'shaking,' and as she was repres' nted with a sr.ear, anybody might have called her allegorical!? 'The Shake-speare Goddess.'" Whether this is sirr.plv a coincidence or something more it is only for the scholar to say. W. C. F. i;v Sinulk Comiiat. The warlike Lombards, in the seventh century, were'the first nation who adopted the method oi deciding certain disputes by appeal to the lance. The challenge to combat was introduced into England by the Ncnr.ans in the 11th century, but was then only allowed in accusations of treason, where the evidence for and against was deemed inconclusive. Thus, in 1096, the first trial hv single combat was fought before the king and peers, by G coffer y Buyuard and the Count d'Eu, who was accused by his opponent of high treason. Baynard having conquered, d'Eu was deemed convicted, and cruelly deprived of his sight. Shakespeare, in "King Richard the Second," gives a fine illustration ot the knighly mode of challenge, where Bolingbroke and! the Duke of Norfolk dare each other to mortal combat in the presence of the King, before whom they have appeared " to appeal each other of high treason." Bolingbroke (the future Henry IV.) thus addresses his foe: Pale trembling coward, there I throw my gage, Disclaiming here the kindred of a king; And lay aside my huih blood's rojalty, Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to accept. If guilty iheBd hath left thee so much strength As to take up mine honour's pawn, then stoop : llv that, and all the rites of knighthood else, will ! make good acainst thee, arm to arm. What 1 have spoke, or thou canst worst devise. To which the haughty Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, makes reply : I take it up : and by that sword I swear Which gently laid my knighthood on my shoulder, Til answer thee in any fair degree, Or.'chivalions design of knightly trial : Ami when 1 uic.Unt, alive may 1 not light If I lie traitor or unjustly tight ! Kim; RieHAKi) : Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be ruled hyme : Let's purge this choler without letting blood 1 The two fiery peers, however are obdurate, and the king, losing patience', puts an end to the scene, thus : We were not born to sue. but to command : Which since we cannot do to make you friends. He reailv, as vour lives shall answer it, At Cove'ntrv, 'upon Saint Liinbert's day : There shall' your swords and lances arbitrate The swelling difference of your settled hate, since we cannot atone you, you shall see Justice design the victor's chivalry ! The poet here refers to a period in the latter part of the I-lth century when the custom was in its glory. Not until the I7th century was the trial by single combat rendered illegal, the last being fought between Lord Rea and David Ramsey, Esq., in 1023. Sykes, however, records ayetlater instance (Aug. 6th, 1638) in the north, in which the principals (such was now the unchlvalrous practice) were each represented by a champion. The account of the trial (though it failed of actual combat) is both curious and interesting,:" At the Assizes held before Judge Berkeley at Durham, the singular spectacle was presonted of trial by reading battle being offered and accepted for deciding the right to lands at Thickley, betwixt Ralph Claxton, ieman-dani, and Richard Lilburne, tenant. The defendant appeared at ten o'clock in the forenoon by his attorney, and brought his champion, George Chemy, in full array, with his stave and sand-bag, who threw down his gauntlet on the floor of the Court, with five small pieces of coin in it, The tenant then introduced his champion, William Peverell, armed in the same manner, who also threw down his gauge. The judge, after examining the champions, ordered them into the custody of his two bailiffs of the court, till eight o'clock next morning, when they were ordeied to put in pledges to appear at the Court of Pleas on the 15th of September (1638). It was then again deferred to December 22, and the King desired the judges of the Northern Circuit to hold conference and consider how the cause might be tried some other way. The result of the conference was, that six of the judges overruled the objection by Justice Berkeley, that the champions were hired, the exception being too late after battle waged and sureties given, and that in fact Lilburne was entitled to his trial by battle if he persisted. Means were found, notwithstanding, to defer the trial by battle from year to year, by finding some error in the record, till atlength it was ordered that a bill Bhould be brought in to abolish this mode of decision. N. Edwabps Robson. 'Father of "turbulent" John. This form of trial was not unknown to the Saxons; but did not come into general use till after the Conquest. Blackstone says, bk. iii., cb. 22 : This trial was introduced into England among other Norman customs by William the Conqueror, but was only used in three cases, one military, one criminal, and the third civil. The last trial by battle that was waged in the Court of Common Pleas at Westminster (there was afterwards one in the Court of Chivalry in 1631; and another in the county Palatine of Durham in 16SS) was in the thirteenth year of Qneen Elisabeth, a.d. 1571, as reported by Sir James Dyer, and was heldiuTothill Fields, Westminster, "non sine magna juris consultorum. peHurbatione." saith Sir Henry Spelman, who was himself a witness of the ceremony. Chiiitian, in a note to vol. iv., cb. 27 of Blackstone's work, says : " The list time that the trial by battle was awarded in this country, was in the case of Lord Kae and Mr Ramsay, in the 7 Ch. I. The King by his commission appointed s constable of England to preside at the trial, who proclaimed a day for the duel, on which the combatants were to appear with a upear, a long swoid, a short sword, and a dagger; but the combat was prorogued to & further day, before which the King revoked the commission." The inference that there ws ao award at all. J, E. F,, Felling. i ALL RIQHH BBSHBT8D. j THE RECORDS AND REGISTER OF THE PARISH OF FORD. BY WALTER B. THOMAS. IV, BCEIALS, 1684, March 6. "Tho: Carr." . 1684, March 29, "Mr ff ranch, Blake, bob to ffransia Blake, Esqr." The only son ; consequently his eWera were the heiresses to the estates of hia father, Sir Francis. lC85.6,Teb. 22. "MrWiUWinckles." This was the son o Thomas Winckles of Crookam and his wife Sasau, sister of Lady Blake. 1G85. April 13. ' Will Carr.;; 1685, June 12. " John Carr. 168G, March 2S. "W'Uttwr- 1686, April 27. " Will Carr. J'2rr wathure 3 of June 10. B.,r." This Wai68C June 17. '' Henry Collingwood." In Court Bolls, 1C58 he is styled "Mr Henry Collinwood of Catfordlaw. 16S7. "(Ralph Ord, Esqr,, dyed at Longridge ye 5 of 8 eb : and was bnryed at Norham the 10th of 2eb." See his marriage, 1684. 1687, July 18. "Tho: Carr." 168S-9. " ffrancis Ord, Esqr., son to Ralph Ord, Esqr., deceased, dyed at Foord ye 8 of Januar, and was buryd in Foord Church ye 9th." See his parent's marriage, 1684. 168S-9, Jan. 2. " Mr Charles Anealey was buryed in the Chancel of ffoord." From the fact of being buried in chancel, he must have been Borne connection of the "Lord " ot Ford. 1 11088-9. Jan. 16. " Will Carr, Esqr." Son of Sir Robert Garr of Etal, and grandfather of Sir William Carr, Bart. "Memorandum. This Mr Alexr. Polloge, the last of Mr Alexr. Davidson's curates, had tho keeping of the Register from Aprill, 1G89, to the middle of October in the year 1690, and took no better care then is sett down befor in seven or eight lines. Since that the Register has been neglected, and was not brought to Dr Chalmers, now Rector of Ford, till this present Aprill, in the year 1692." The Rev Alexr. Davison was appointed vicar of Lewisham in 1677, and probably resided there until his death in 1689, leading Ford in charge of a curate. 1692, May 2. "Mr Gilbert Carr, gent from Eatell." This would be a younger son of Sir Robert Ca-rr of Ecal. 1692, Dec. 21. "Wm: Carr from Eatel." 1693, Sept. 29. "Mrs Mary Ogle." Mary, daughter of Thomas Winckles and niece of Lady Blake, was married to George Ocle. Her daughter Catherine was married to Daniel Whitson. 16S3, Sept. 29. "Sir Geo: Sterling." 1693, Nov. 25. "Gath: Smith yt fell in ye pond from Eatel." 1694-5, Nov. 19. "Mr Ralph Salkeld from Ford." This was the murderer of Sir Robert Ogle. Query Was he the Mayor of Berwick of that name 1657 T65S ? Susan, daughter of T. Hodgson, Esq., and granddaughter of Sir William Bowyer, married, Erst, William Carr. Esq., of Ford Castle by whom she was the mother of two sons and three daughters. One son died in infancy, and the other, Thomas Carr, succeeded to his father's estates, when 6 years old. A daughter, Elisabeth, was married to Sir F. Blake. Auother daughter, Margaret, was the wife of Arthur Babingtou, brotbei of Philip Babington of Bowsden, governor of Berwick. The third daughter, Susan, was married, first, to Thomas Winckles (mentioned elsewhere), and secondly to John Carr. After the death of William Carr in 1844, hia widow married John Radcliffe, who is somewhere referred to as "the ageut of Ford," probably from the fact of his managing the estates of his stepson. He was probably a younger son of the house ot Radcliffe of Dilston, and his wife, being a Hodgson, also came of Catholic stock. It is said be endeavoured to get his stepson's property into bis own hands, and, failing in this, many disputes occurred, and Radcliffe "oppressed him by suites-at-law." Certain it is, that on 8th October, 1561, an altercation taking plaoe between them at Alnwick, Radcliffe so wounded Thomas Carr that he died from the effects. Whether he (Radcliffe) "jnayed immunity" at Durham, and whether he was tried for the crime is not known. His estate was afterwards in the possession of Sir Robert Carr of Etal, uncle of the murdered man, probably through forfeiture or fine. It is not known when he died, but Mrs Radcliffe was a widow in 1C63, and the wife of Ralph Salkeld (before mentioned) in 1664. She, through her second and third marriages, occupied the unenviable and almost unique position of wife to two murderers. Of her own character beyond this wo know-little, but aB, in 1671, a clan of Carrs burned her house at Broomrigg, we may conjecture that they were irritated to revenge by some further act of villany. She does not appear in the burial register. 1694, Sep. 24. " Eliz : Carr from Heatherslaw." 1696. Mav 29. " 'Carr, a chili of Jou Carr in I Crookbam, buried at Yettham." J -, 'fi-, Tlx-- a T Tnl.,i Ti-fluninn ' Sli.a her hnptism, 1695. 1699, Sep. 10. "Gay Oord from fford." 1699, Deer. 18. " Tho. Carr from Eatall." His daughter Jane was baptised 1694 and buried 1695. 1700, April 9. Mary Carr in Orookham." 1701, Novr. 4. " Aron Garr, Eatal." 1701, Jan. S. "Wm. Carr, fford. 1701, May 28. "James Carr from Heatherslaw." 1705, June 16. " Madame Howard, Senior, Foord." See her marriage, 1687, her daughter's marriage 1707, and her son '8 baptism 1696. 1706, June 15. "MrWm: Armourer, Foord." This was a grandson of Thomas Carr of Belford, the cousin of Thomas Carr that was murdered by Radcliffe. 1706, June 25. "MrRobt. Vint, Berrie Hill." Probably the father of the man that was excommunicated the previous March for not acting as churchwarden. 1706. Sep. 22. " Charles Howard, Esqr., Foord. See his marriage 1687, and wife's burial 1705. 1708, April 13. "Mr Jehu Carr, Crookham." The second husband of Mrs Winckles, mentioned elsewhere. 1709, Mar. 28. "Ealonor, a child, daut. to Sir Warain Corsbie, Foord." See her parents' marriage 1706. 1710, Aug. 15. "Mrs Phwhe Winckles, Crookham," The widow of ThomaB Winckles. See his burial 16S6. 1711, ApriJ 21. "Catherine, a child, daugt to Mr Blake of Twizel, Esqr." See burials of her mother, 175G, and her father, 1735. 1711, Dec. 22. "Mrs Cath. Bav"mgton, Ford Castle.' Her mother was Margaret Carr (sister of Lady Blake), who married Arthur Babington. Her sister Elizabeth was married in 1694, to "Mr Tipping, gent., of the county of Cheshire." 1713, Oct. 11. "Francis, a child, son to Sr Warram Corabie, Ford Castle." See his baptism, 1712; parents' marriage, 1706, and sister's buria', 1709. 1733, Dec. 28. "Mr Nicholas Brown from Outchester." A NicholasBrown, probably his father, farmed the West-field and Malt Hill, at Ford, in time of Charles II., and was buried in the church, 16S0, before the register commenced. 1713, Mayo. "William Carr, Kimm6rston. 1714, July 13. " Mrs Effie Carr from Crookham." 1715, Jan. 24. " William Carr of Eatel, Esqr." See his second marriage in 1709, Father of Sir Wm. Carr, Bt and Robt , Eliz., and Mark, 1716, July 19. " William Carr from Humilton." 1717, Aug. 4 "John Ludgate, Ford." fie had a daur. Elisor Ludgat, baptised 1694. I select this name for its singularity. It is in the old records, but appears to die with him. 1717- 8, Feb. 16. "Elizabeth Carr, Eatel." Is this the widow of Mr Carr, who died 1715 '.' 1718, April 28. "Richard Grieve, son to John Grieve, Foid." Mentioned in records as "drowned in the Till," aged 11 years. 1718 9, Jan. 10. " Oliver Carr, Ford." An offshoot of tho Carrs of Ford Castle. Oliver Carr. his father, in 165S, appears in the Court rolls. In 1066, he his "complainant against John Law, for grinding from the Mills, and of the Liberty of Foord, xxx., ix., xi," in which year he is a freeholder of Foord. The same year, " Will. Grey presents Oliver Carr and Gawin Todd, every one of them, one night Lair." He died 3rd July, 1669, and was buried in the chancel, as the stone there testifies. The younger Oliver had "Margret for wife." His daughter, Margaret, was baptined, 16S5, and his daughter, Isabel, in 1695. He was, in 1704, one of the first churchwardens, after the reforming ot that office. In the chancel is another stone inscribed, "The Buriall Place of Olliver Carr, and Margret, his wife, and their children. . . . h. Interred ye Body of Olliver Carr, in Ford, Junr., who Departed this life Janr. 8th dav, 1719, aged 61 years," . 1718- 9, Feb. 16. "Thomas Carr from Norham." 172C-1, Jan. 25. "Ann Selhie, Heayrslow." 1720-1, Feb. 21. "John Carr, Cartfoidlaw." 1720- 1, Mar. 17 "Thos. a child son to Geo: Can-Rhodes." He was born same year. His sister Jean baptised 1722 was buried 1723. 1721- 2, Jan. 29. Dr. Geo: Chalmers, late Rector of Ford." He was rector from 1689, and effected many Improvements in the church and schools, in several instances hearing the expense himself, and left 5 to the poor of Ford. For neglect of several years' registers he is greatly to blame, although he lays it to the charge of a curate of his predecessor. While in residence at Ford, from April, 1690, he never looked at the registers till August, 1692. They were kept very little better after his discovery of his curate's neglect, in fact they were never worse kept than in his time. See his son's burial 1781, and his daughters' bap. tisms 1693 and 169S. Charles and Alexander were other sons of his, A stone in the chancel is inscribed " MemorUe Janetre qu:e mater fuit Franciscl Mariiu Eliz: etJanetre obutq 4 April MDCC; MHD; Geo: Chalmers S.T.P. et Rector Ecclesire de Ford." 1722. After my examination of the registers I find a gravestone in the churchyard says: "Anthony Unthank of Crokham, died the 14 of March, 1722, agsd 110 years." If this be true he must have lived in the reigns of nine sovereigns and the commonwealth under the two Crom-wells. 1722, Sept. 22. " Widow Smith from Norham Mains." 1725- 0, Feb. 10. "Mrs Ogle spous to Captain Ogle of Eatele." Is this the "Mary Carr widow " mentioned in note against 1721 marriages? 1726- 7. Mar. 20. " Wm: a child son to Mr Sam: Selbieof Milfield," 1726-7, Feb. 3. "Ellen Purdie, Quaker spous to Ja: Par-die of Ford." The only instance of a quaker being mentioned. 1727, Moy 4. "John Murdo from Lion," 1727, May 24. " Isabel Carr from Norha." 1728, April 30. Mrs Eliz: Brown, widow, of Eatel ." 1728, Sept. 5. "Mr Thoaias Jaffer of Heatherslaw." 1729, April 22. "Gavin Carr of Ford." 1729, July 13. " Ja: a child son to Edw: Carr ofEateL" His sister Isabel was baptised 1721, and his brobher Edward 1723. 1729, Aug. 13. " Wm: a child son to Tho: Carr of Ford." This Thos. Carr had daughters Ann (baptiBed 1722), Elizabeth (1723), Jean (1725), and Isabel (1720) who died 1741. His wife Jane died 1745. 1731, Oct. 10. "Mr Aaron Wood of Eat si." His daughter, Dorothy, was baptised 1697, his sons, William (1698), Aaron (1700), and Is&ao (1702). "Isaac Wood, gent., of Heatherslow, had land in Crookham, called the Steel Haugh in 1743. 1731, May 20. " JeanCarr, widow of Ford." 1732, Aug. 5. " Madam Carr of Crooka." If this be Susan Can (sister of Lady Blake), wife of Winckles and afterwards of John Carr; she must have been about 90 years old. 1732, Sep. B. "MrsEHza Carrol Eatel." Sea her baptism, 1710. 1732. "Robt. a child son to Mr Wm : Stow of Berwick." Mr Wm. Stow was Mayor of Berwick, 1745. There are many other entries of this family. 1733, Jnly 3. " Ralph Carr of Ford." By his first wifa,. Mary, who died 1700. he had daughters, Isabel (1692), Marf (bap: 1695, bur: 1700), and Margaret (1697). By hiB second wife, Isabel Hall (married 1701) and buried 1727), he had daughter. Barbara (1702). All in registers. 1735, Feb. 4. "Mr BUke of Twizel, Esqi." Mr Robt. Blake of Twizel, married Sarah, daughter of Sir F. Biake of Ford Castle. See hi3 wife's burial, 1756, and baptism of an Eleanor Blabs, 1702. 1739, Feb. 3. " Mrs Cath : spous to Mr Dan : Whitson of Ford Castle." Mrs Whitson, Whitsun, or Whiston was a daughter of Mr Geo, Ogle, and a grand niece of Sir F. Blake 1739, Deer. 10. " John Carr from Felkangton." 1740, May 27. " Mr Will Youngson, Clerk of Ford. "This is the old schoolmaster, clerk and curate referred to in tecordB. On his gravestone he is styled the " P.everen Mr William Youngson." He lived 13 years after -he was "to give ever school keeping," and was 81 at his death, at which time, notwithstanding his "old ageanddeainess," la 1727 he wis still enrafce, 1741, Feb. 19. "James Alder of Watcblaw." 1742, Jan. 6. "Ann, wife of Mr Andrew Carr of Ford Castle," He was at vestries, styled "Mr Andrew Carr." Was probably a son of Andrew Carr, who died 16D8. F. B, Dclayal owned Ford Castle about this time. KOW FIEST THE NEWCASTLE 1743 Feb. 4. "Fras: Collingwood, Clerk of Ford, Fras: Collingwood, senr. and junr. signed the vestry minutes for a very long period, bnt several generations o the names all connected with the church, either as clerks or churchwardens, explains it. 1743, My 13. "Margitet, wife of Thomas Donaldson o Foord." See her husband's buria', 1755 1743 June 28. " Mr Luke Jackson of EtalL Ha married Marie Dabie by license, 173S. Was only 30 at his death. His son died 1768. Who was he ? 1745. " Mrs Jeffreys of Twizell, lOber. ol. 17-16, Feb. 1L " Will, son to VYil! Cirr, Esqr. of Etalt.' See his' baptism 1744, and his father's burial 1777. Beie? the only son, Sir William's property went to his sisters, Lsdy Erroil and the Hon. Mrs Mackay. 1716, Novr. 15. "Mr John Lithgo of Etall." Who was he ? Hud sons baptised 1722 and 1725. 1747, Mar. 24. " Mrs Carr of Etall. " See burial ot her husband, 1777. 1748 April 28. " Mr James Green of London." 1749, Feb. 18. "Isabell Allen oi Ford." The female sexton mentioned in records. 1750. Oct. 25. " Ralph fforster of Ford." He was steward successively to Sir Fras. and Lady Blake, and Edward Delaval. Esq. There ate many entries in the registers concerning his family. They became farmers, and prospering much, their descendants moved in a higher sphere. There are still existing some curious papers connected with farm- 1755, Mav IV. lho: Donaldson oi rora. ao ui.,.w., y 1698, Margaret, daughtor of the Rev Jas. Mopphatt of I of the Laird of Ford, aod sister of Sir Robert Carr of Etal, and had Issue James (1702), Eliz. (1706), Margaret (bap. 1707, buried 1708), and Jean (1708), all in registers, See his son's baptism, 1702. and his wile's death, 1743. There are entries in each of the registers of the other Donaldsons of Ford. They appear in the old court rolls, but not as freeholders. , ,, , 1756. " Mrs Blake of Twisell, lOber 7th." See her husband ? hunal 1735. . 1759. Jan. 6. "Mrs Jeffreys of Gnndon. 1760 May 9. "The Rv Mr March of Ford." Mr Marsh the elder was rector from 1722. By his first wife (buned 1734) he had issue, Richard, born 1724 (some time curate); Mary born 1730, married 1762 John Hall; George (curate and afteiwards rector), and Ann, born 1734. By his second wife, who died 1753, he had Philemon, born 1739, died 1740. All in registers. CT 1765, Sept, 23. " Mary, daur. to Mr Mark Carr of Berry-hill." See her baptism 1765,. and her parents' marriage 1762 1760. Mar. 10. "Mrs Carr, wife to William Carr, Esq., oi Etal." See her marriage 1761. 1767, July 5. " An anonymous strolling beggar. 1768, Sept. 2, "Mary, wife of Mr John Hall of Ford Hili." ' She was a daughter of the elderMarsh, the rector. Her 'daughter Mary died same year. . 1769 Jn. 31. "Mr Mark Carr of Carr's Grove. See his baptism 1711, marriage 1762, his wife's burial 1803, and his daughter's baDtiem and burial 1765. 1772 Au. 20. "Major Geo: Carr of Newcastle.' bee his baptism! 1700. He was brother of Sir Wiiliam Carr. A dauthicr of his was married to Samuel Rollesfcon, Eiqr., of the Inner Temple 1773. A Capt : Carr was churchwarden 1D 1777,' Jan. 13. "Mr Hall of Fori." 1777 April 17. "Sir Wiiliam Carr of Etal.-' See his baptism, 1703, and marriage 1701. He left two daughters, his hi it-esses. Isabella married Earl of Erroil (see their marriage, 1762) nd Margaret married Hon. A. Mackay (see their marriage 1770). At his death Etal House (which he built) aod estate went to his grandson, Hon. Wm. Hay, who assumed the name of Carr, but on becoming Earl of Erroil he. in accordance with Sir William's wili, relinquished that estate to Iris sister. Lady Charlotte Holwell. 1779, Mar. 21. "Malitia fin. Crookham." .1711, Jan. 2. "Mr James Chalmers ot Newcastle. See hb father's death, 1722. 1731, Dec. 14. " Mrs Jeffreys, wife of John Jeffreys, Esqr., of Berwick."' She was Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Pevereau, Esqr, of Westminster, and at her death was 70. See her husband's burial, 1785. 1754. " George Donaldson of Etal, Septr. 28th. Duty pd. to J. Fell for J. Robeits, Morpeth. James, son to Robert Scott of Etal, Novr. 26th." What does the Beoond line mean '! 1755, July 1. "Major John Jeffreys." He was the fourth son of John Jeffreys of Heatherslaw. In 1704 be retired from "First Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards" and resided at Berwick till his death, in his 86th year, See burial oi his wife, 1781. His son, Captain William Harris Jeffreys, of same regiment, died at Bath in 1S09, aged 70 years. See note on this family. 178S,Aug. 18. "Mrs Jane Carr of Eta!.' 1790, July 17. "The Rev: Mr John Wood of Crookham. A dissenting minister. There are many entries of members of this family in registers. 1793, "Lady Isabella Anne Hay, Dr. to the Countess Dowager of Erroil, Etal House, Novr. 17th." The second of the nine daughters of James, Earl of Erroil, by his wife Isabella, daughter and co-heires3 of Sir Wm. Carr, Bart., born 1765. See her parent's marriage, 1702. 1792, Dec. 19. " Mr Benjamin Oxley," MrJoseph Oxley, formerly of Seaton Delaval, but afterwards of Ford, agent to Lord Delaval, resided at Heatherslaw, and many of his family appear in the registers, buM did not notice his own burial. Of his sons, Benjamin (whose burial this is) and Joseph became large farmers. They also had the tile works. Mr Joseph Oxley, sen., was of an inventive tnrn of mind, and introduced many improvements in machinery in connection with mining, agrioulture, and building, the patents of which were all purohased by Lord Delaval. One of his inventions, " an engine for drawing coals out of pits without horses," was first used by Mr Thomas Delaval at Hartley Colli ?ry in 1765, and is mentioned in Richardson's Annals. 1794, Aug. 20. "Mr Robert Gatr of Berwick." Of an old family of Catfordlaw. See his bequest (in records)' of 10 to the poor of Ford, 1795, Oct, 21. "Geo: Marsh, B,A,, rector of Ford." See his marriage, 1766. 1797. " Rev Thos. Warkrnan of Ford, son of the Rev Wm. Warkrnan rector of this parish, and Eliza his wife, late Wright, died Jan. 20, buried 24th, aged 28." 1798, Aug. 7. "Thos. Yatt, idiot, of Nesbitt, aged 2b si.. " Tho first, entrv of a like description. 1SO0, June 3.6. " James Taylor, Ford, commonly called ; James the Fisher, pauper, aged b( years. ine nrst entry giving an alias. ' 1801. "William Dover, Crookham, died Deer. 2, bur : 4tli, aged 38." The "person" who died "from wounds given by a Party of thes Cheviot Legion," mentioned in records. 1802. " William Hall, a travelling chapman from Scotland, died Octr. 27th, buried 2Sth, supposed to be 50 years." 1S03, " Margery Carr, late Wrallis, Berryhill, widow of Mark Carr, Esq., died Feb. 8th, buried 12th, Bged 69 veRis." See her marriage, 1762. 1807, "Robert Sanderson of Ford, Sergeant in his Majesty's 45th Regiment of Foot, died 10th, buried 11th June, aged 81 years." Sanderson served under General Wolte at the Battle of Quebec in 1759. He was a famous markEman, and is understood to have been the man. who shot the French Commander-General Montcalm, and Richardson says he is represented in the engraving of the death of General Wolfe as supporting that general after he received his death wound. 1807. "A stranger supposed from the neighbourhood of West Weymes, Scotland, whose name is supposed to be John Dunsire, from a letter found is his pocket, found drowned near Redscar Ford, died 10th Novr., buried 12th, age supposed 50." . OE the names to be found in the records and registers the oldest and most curious for spelling and the commonest is Jafra. We find brothers signing their names side by side Jaffry and Jeffry, aho Jeffreys and Jeffries. Some of the other modes of spelling are Jaffra, Jeffre, Jaffre, Jeffrey, Jt-ffera, Jeffray, Jelfra, Jefferays. Jeffrys, Jeffraw. and Jeffery; but the greatest contortion is Jawfraw. These are by no means all. The name is probaby spelt in 30 different W The oldest family existing in the parish is the Rule or Rue! family. A John Rule attended the " Court Leet and Court Baron holden att the Castle of the said Mannor of ffoord m 1658, before Marke Scott of Barwicke Stewart." In the next century we find another John Rule marrying Mary, the daughter of Will. Youngson, the old " schoolmaster and clerk and curate." Coming into the present century we find -'John Rule, slater of Ford," in 1831, giving evidence in the ' Great Ford Tithe Suit." There are many payments to the Rules for the repair of the church. They have been a race of plasterers and slaters in Ford, for at least 250 years, and probably longer. Doubtless they have repaired the castle and church after many a Border days of old, of which we have no record. They have material in the registers for a pedigree that would pass the Herald's College. . The Carrs, at one time the most numerous family in the parish, have become very few. At one period in the 17th century there were at least 20 freeholders and tenants bearing that came, ' The Trotters are a family that existed m Ford in loi8, but for a long period the registers were void of Trotters until towards the end of last century a Henry Trotter, gardener of East Lilbnrn, settled at Crookham. Probably his ancestors had migrated from the parish. It is rather curious that, although the Delavals li7ed in Ford Castle for more than a hundred years, their name only appears in one instance throughout the records and registers, and that is when the pews were allotted. Some years ago when Redpath, the American journalist, made himself notorious in connection with Fenianism, it went the round of the papers that he was a Northumbrian. Two papers denied the truth of his connection with their respective towns. One of them, however, admitted that the father of Redpath was at one time on their staff, but stated that he was a native of Ford. I find nothing in the registers to prove or disprove this; but the Redpaths appear to have become nil. in the parish at the end of the last ceoturv. The following names extracted from the registers are curious and Interesting: widow xou.jaeoD rruDie, Agnes Thrift, William Comely, George Grumble, John Durable, Job. Merrelis, Thomas Hop, Alexr. Wanlas, Ja. Lough, Will. Smallshanks, Thomas Shrewborn, Thomas Godsname, David Putblood (married Jane Halliweli), Andrew Doglasb, George Pick, Widow Brewhouse, Thomas Old, Andrew Swine, Ealph Pigg, Wm. ffelp, English, Engliss, Eaglis, InglissIcglis, Engslie. Angslie, Aynslie," &c, &o. Of girls' nameB, we find Camilla, Eunice, Enphon, Elspet, Elissn, Billbah, Fortune, Patience, Grisell, Bb&trich, &c." Tne most popular names appear to be Margaret asd Issibel. TRADES UNION CONGRESS. The meeting of the Trades Union Congress wis brought to a close on Saturday at Bradford. In the course of the siiticg the eight hours' movement again cropped up, the president remarking that there appeared to be a feeling that the subject had not been thoroughtly discussed. The standing orders having been suspended, Mr Hardie of Ayrshire moved that the eight hours' question be remitted to a Parliamentary committee, with Instructions to take the vote of members on the following questions: Are you in favour of an eight hours' working day? Are you in favour of its being obtained by Aot of Parliament? members only voting aye to first question being allowed to vote on the second. The resolution was carried by 42 votes to 22. It was also agreed that steps should be taken to ascertain the true meaning of the Picketing Act. In the course of the discussion on the last resolution, Mr InsHp (Leicester) said workmen did not want to do anything calculated to create a breach of the peace, hnt if they were not permitted to picket, he was satisfied that they would go back to ithe old barbaric system of assault, and he claimed that if this happened it would be the fault of those who had attempted to criopl b the workmen in carrying out the law. Mr Friend (Sunderland) moved: "That this congress is of opinion that British versels are undermanned, therefore are nnseaworthy, and the cause of a great loss of life at sea, oa many vessels are.lost through being under manned; and all vessels should be required by Hw to carry for their navigation sufficient and competent crews : fhips to be manned according to tonnage; and for the purpose of carrying out hi resolution the Parliamentary Committee be instructed to take the necessary steps to either bringm a bill or insert a clause fa aDy near future shipping legislation to carry out the desired object," Mr Butcher (Hull) seconded the resolution, which was adopted. Holioway's Pills Enfeebled Bxistesce. This medicine embraces every attribute required in a general and domestic remedy; it overturns th foundations of disease lard by defective food and impure air. In obstructions or congestions of the liver, lungs, bowels, or any other organs, these pills are especially serviceable and eminently successfs.1. They should be kept in readiness in every family, as they are a medicine withont a fault for young persons and those of feeble constitutions. They never cause pain, or irritate tie most sensitive rervea, or most tender bowels. Holloway's pills are the best tnown purifiers of the blood, and the best promoters of absorption and secretion, and remove all poisonous and noxious particles from both solids and fluids. Wholesale Depot, Oxford istreeS, loadon, W,C. COURANT, fRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1888 BICENTENARY OF THE REVOLUTION. The Bicentenary of the Revolution of 168S is oa the 4th of November next. The centenary was observed all through the kingdom, and nowhere, as we learn -from the Newcastle Courant of that time, more thoroughly than in the north of England. There were then not a few living who had received the account of the momentous event from those who had witnessed it an event which affirmed that in this country at least the Sovereign ruleB only by Act of Parliament, Men were tired of the rule of James II., and looked for some other to set in hi3 place as King, and on the same day on which the bishops, who resisted his Declaration of Indulgence, were found "not guilty, a letter was sent to William of Orange asking him to come to England at the head of an army. It was signed by seven leaders of the Whig and To-y parties. Men who had once stood against one another had joined together against James IL, who had made enemies of his friends. William of Orange was the son of Mary, a daughter of Charles I. He was, therefore, both nephew and son-in-law of James. William landed at Torbay on the day named with a small army of Dutch and English troops. Both Whig and Tory noblemen and gentlemen soon came In numbers to vjelcome him. James, finding the very officers of his army t-esert bim, after a little hesitation fled to France, by the aid of whose KiDg he hoped to be set again on his throne. The throne wis thereunon declared vaoant, and the crown was given to William and Mary as joint rulers. Parliament at the same time' drew up a Declaration of Rights. This laid down the terms on which the Lords and Commons gave the crown away. This Declaration affirmed that;tha king might not raise taxes or keep a standing army without consent of Parliament ; nor might be set aside laws or fatl to put laws in force without consent of Parliament. This received the Royal consent and brought to an end the long struggle between the King and the Parliament. After the Revolution monarchy above the law was no longer possible in England. This victory was not gained without great risk ; but in those days statesmen thought a great deal of their country and little of themselves and their own fortunes. To-day it is otherwise, not a few being greedy of power and wealth. If some of these had lived then who i,re living now they would have said, as they say of the Irish Crimes Act, that the Declaration of Rights made law that which was not law before. TUb would have been untrue, for it only stated clearly, so that henceforth there could be no mistake about them, what the rights of the people were. "To imprint upon the mind of every true born hnglish-men," savs the Newcastle Courant of November 8, 1788, "the transactions recorded on the page of history of the 5th November, 16SS, Wednesday la3t, the centenary of that glorious day, was observed throughout the principal towns ot this Kingdom with every demonstration of joy. From Morpeth, Wooler, Shields, Durham, Sunderland, Stockton, and several other towns we learn, that elegant entertaioments were provided at each place ; that the day was passed in harmony, and concluded with the patriotic acclamations of those who were sensible of the liberties secured to them by the glorious defender of British freedom." The Courant then goes on to enumerate what was done in Newcastle. Speeohea W6re made, bat not reported, so that the story of the proceedings comes into very little space. Various institutions are mentioned whioh have long ceased to exist. "In this town, an elegant entertainment was provided at Turner's by order of the members of the Recorder's Club, at which the Right Worshipful the Mayor, the greatest part of the members, and several other gentlemen attended." Of course, the Depnty-Master, Elder Brethren, Wardens, &c, of the Trinity House " had a "enteel entertainment at their Hall to celebrate that memorable event, when many loyal and patriotic toasts were drank, and the Jay spent in the utmost harmony." We should like to have known a little more about this genteel entertainment, for the information might have thrown some light upon the social life of the time. The members of the " Revolution Club," which was established by the proprietors of the Circulating Library, and some gentlemen, who were subscribers to the library in 1757, held their anniversary meeting at the Ctown and Thistle Iud. The onlv reminder of this gathering which exists today is the inn in which "the elegant entertainment" was held, The toast list at this dinner was rather a long one. It comprised : " The glorious and immortal memory of King William, our deliverer from Popery and Arbitrary power," " The memory of those Illustrious Worthies who invited King William to protect the liberties of this country," "Our country and its constitution," "The King may his reign be long and prosperous," "TheQueen may the ladies of Great Britain imitate her virtues," " The Prince of Wales may he patronise civil liberty and religious." Other toasts were, "May we never have a Kirk to command our army, nor a Jeffries to preside upon the Bench," and "The memory of Major Barrlngfcon, who first joined King William," the last one being " May future centenaries see learning, arts, and sciences flourish in Britain." Another paragraph in the Courant mentions that the society of Free and Easy Johns mot at their Lodge and dined together. Who were the Free and Easy Johns? There were festivities at private houses as well, and we learn that at most of the gatherings " a great quantity of beer was given to the populace." At Wooler the dinner was held at the Angel Inn, and among those present were Sir Francis Blake in the chair, Alex. Davison, Col. St. Paul. John Orde, Rev Mr Marsh, Ktv Mr Hogarth, Capt. G. Collingwood, Capt. Home, John DavisoD, Dr Trotter, and Mr Culley. The toast list appears to have been a brief one., "In the evening the town was illuminated. The populace were regaled with as much ale as they could drink," and "the gentlemen, with all their servants, wore orange cockades." It was the same at Shields, Durham, Stockton, and York. At Durham they seem to have enjoyed themselves ao Well that they decidod to meet not once in a hundred years, but every year, or, as the Cimrcmt has it, " Several gentlemen of the first oonse-quouce in the county have agreed to meet annually, in order to celebrate the illustrious circumstance." An advertisement on the same page announces the formation of a Revolution Club at the Red Lion Inn, Durham, and the next meeting was to take place twelve months hence. The members of the club were John Eden, John Tempest, Geo. Baker, Tim Hutchinson Geo. Story, T. Batie, James Robinson, Richard Richardson, J. Wetherall, Anthony Hall, John Ralph Fenwick, Jos. Watkins, C. Spearman, John Tempest, jun., Carr Ibbetsou, William Henry Lambton, H. G. Liddell, Thomas Bowes, Wm. Hutchinson, Ralph Lambton, John Drake Bainbridge. Some ot these names are now associated with baronetcies; others with the peerage. The president was Sir J. Eden, and the vice-president John Tempest. At Stockton there was an entc-rtainment in the Town Hall, and at York the meeting of the Rockingham Club "was very numerous and respectable." Next day, Wednesday, "rhe Corporation went in procession to the Cathedral in their formalities, preceded by their band of music, where a sermon was preached on the occasion by the Rev Wm. Richardson." At Church Merrington "ths church was finely illuminated, and a tar barrel burnt on the top of the steeple." The King's ill-healthhad a depressing effect oa the celebrations in London, and there is repeated reference to this in the Courant of that time. The Whig Clubdinedat theCrown and Anchor, under the presidency ot the Duke of Portland, and "dinner being ended, and the standing toasts of the society drank, Mr Sheridan got up, and after paying an .eloquent tribute to the memory of our immortal deliverer, Wllltam the Third, submitted to the approbation of the society, certain resolutions respecting a column intended to be erected in Runnymede (a spot sacred to the llbei ties of the people) to perpetuate so illustrious an event, which were unanimously agreed to. The club immediately voted the sum of 500 ont of their fund, towards the national edifice, and near 1,000 more was at the same time subscribed by the several members of tho club then present." At the conclusion of the business a letter was received from Earl Stanhope stating that the Revolution Society had resolved to apply to Parliament for a bill to make the anniversary of that day, "which had secured the rights of thepeople."a dayof general thanksgiving throughout the kingdom. We are not aware that the bill was ever passed, The pest office and other buildings in London were illuminated, and among other great gatherings was one at Willis's Rooms, under the presidency of Lord Hood. . Since then public interest in the event hat) somewhat abated, and at present, so far as our knowledge extends, there are no preparations being made for celebrating the bicentenary of the event which was attended with further reaching consequences and benefits than many minor occurrences, the recollection of which is warmly cherished. SHOCKING CASUALTIES. ACCIDENT ON A EOLLER RAILWAY. About Bix o'clock on Thursday evening a serious collision occurred at the Crystal Palace between two cars on the roller railway, which is a simplified form of the switchback. Five persons were injured. FATALITY IN BELFAST HOSPITAL. A patient in Belfast Royal Hospital, named Jas. Jeffers, was accidentally poisoned in that) institution on Thursday night, through taking a driught of carbolic acid whioh the nurse of the ward in which he was located gave him in mistake for a black draught. FOUR MEN DROWNED. On Saturday evening four men, who were employed in lifiing sand near Glengarriffe, Bantry Bay, were returning to Bantry, when their boat was caught in a squall and upEet. The four men were drowned, and their bodies have not been lecovered, FATAL FIRE IN LONDON. A fire broke out on!Monday evening at 12, Suffolk Grove, Great Norfolk Street,Sonthwark,uponthepremisesof Messrs Ehrenfert and Co., colour manufacturers. A quantity of varnish suddenly boiled over and took fire. Two workmen were shockingly burned, and one, named Fowler, succumbed to hia injuries. FATAL ACCIDENT ON A SCOTTISH RAILWAY. A serious accident occurred on Tuesday night at Kintore, on the Great North of Scotland Railway, 13 miles from Aberdeen,- A heavy goods train from Aberdeen to Alford had been taken past Kintore, when the engine was detached for the purpose of shunting. The waggons, bing left on an incline, started off and dashed into a siding, afterwards crashing through - the end of the station and completely demolishing it. Two youns men who were travelling in the goods van wre killed. The way is much damtged. NARROW ESCAPE OF A THEATRE. On Wednesday night the Olympic" Theatre, Strand, London, had a narrow escape from destruction by fire, which broke out, about twenty-five minutes after the audience had left, in the adjoining premises, occupied by Misa Norton, 6, Wych Street. The fire was extinguished before the arrival of the fire engines by by the prompt exertions of the fireman, H. Snare, but the building wan burnt out, and the stage and scenery of the theaore damaged by water. Two women were rescued wish great difficulty. THE BODY OF A FRIES! BURNED. On Wednesday morning, one of the most distressing and shocking events that have happened in the Chorley district took place at St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Chorley. Late on Saturday night the Eev Father Hawksworth, priest of the mission, died suddenly, and the circumstance caused general sorrow. On Tuesday afternoon the lemains of the rev gentleman were removed into tne chapel and the coffin waa placed on trestles. During the evening the chnroh was densely crowded with persons paying their last respects to the deceased. The church was closed at ten o'clock, candles being left burning by the sids of the coffin, which w&b covered with a black p&lL About half-past six o'clock on Wednesday morning the church was discovered to be on fire. An alarm was immediately given, and in a few minutes the Corporation Fire Brigade were on the spot. The church was filled with smoke, and to the horror of the people, the oak coffin was found entirely consumed, and the corpse of the rev father was burnt to a cinder. The ashes were conveyed into the nchocl room, and as intended, the funeral took place at noon, after a requiem mass by the Bishop of Liverpool. The cause of the calamity is supposed tr be the ignition of the pall by a candle being upset. Throat Irritahos anb Cobgh. Soreness and dryness tickling and irritation, ISducing cough and affecting the voice. For these symptoms use Epps's Glycerine Jujubes. In contact with the glands at the morsent they am excited by the act of sucking, tbe Glycerine in thess agreeable confections becomes actively healing. Sold only in boxes. 7M, tins Is lid, labelled " Jambs Epps and Co., Homcespathio Chemists, Loadon." Dr George Moore, in his nork on " Nose and Throat Diseases," says: "Ihe Glycerine Jujubes prepared by James Edos and Co. are o! undoubted service as a curative or palliative agent." While Dr Gordon Holmes, Senior Physician to the Municipal Throat and Ear InSrmary, writes : "After an extended trial, I have found your Glycerine Jujubes of considerable benefit in almost all forms of throat disease " FLOWER SHOWS. BLA'SDON. The fourteenth annual exhibition of the BUydon Vegetable Society was held on Saturday, at the house of Mr John Bowey, Railway Ion, Blaydon. The first prizes were won by John Robson, Alec Frazer, Jos. Lowden, Jas. Carr, and Robert Allen. ALLENDALE. The forty-second exhibition of the Allendale Floral and Horticultural Society was held on Saturday in a field near the town, granted by Dr Arnison. The i chiet priza-takers were: For flowers, Jos. Ssobbs, Jas. Walton, m. Braddock, Wm. Holmes; for fruit, Miss Carrick, R. Blair, J, H. Russell, J. H. Hall, and Joseph Moore. CONSBTT. The Consett Floral and Horticultural Society held its fifth annual exhibition on Saturday in a field in sherburn Terrace, granted by the Consett Water Company. The chief prize-takers in the open section werei-Messrs W. Anderson and W. Glendinning, Shotley Bridge; J. Charlton Eb. Chester, C. and E. Robson, G. T. Egglestone, Ed. Ains-worth, E. Levitt, J. Smith, Consett, &c. S WAX WELL. The Swalwell Garden Protection Society held their ninth nnnual vegetable exhibition on Saturday in the Boara School Rooms at Swalwell. The following won first prizes: W. Spoor, John Oxley, W. Gray, James Wheatley. R. Shield, R. Forster, G. Clark, J. Hal!, W. Hepple. R. Drink-aid, W. Lsmbert, C. Norvell, Ph. McGregor, W. Oxuett, Thomas Bruce, and W. Collin. FOREST HALL. On Saturday, the members of the Forest Hall Horticultural Society held their second annual show, in a field near Mr Waiter Hall's saw mill. The following were the principal prize takers: Wm. Miller, J. Greenfield, W. Mason, J. Storey, J. Barnes, F. Storey, T. Fawcot, W. Landreth, R. Tomiinson, Mrs TurnbuD, Killingworth; Miss Brown, Killingworth; Miss Holmes, West Moor; J. Grey, N. Swau, J. Wnght, Wideopen; and Robert Sinclair, Widdrington. HALTWHISTLE. The annual show of the Ealtwhistle Floral and Horticultural Society was held on Saturday at Ashcroft, Halt-whistle. Compared with last year, the display of fruit and flowers was somewhat in advance despite the backwardness of the seasou-and the trouble that horticulturists have met. In the open class a very successful exhibitor was Mr Joseph Hunter, who took a great number of first and second prizes. Richard Honey, gardener to Mrs Thompson, Milton Hall, Carlisle, also took a large proportion of prizes, owing to the excellence of the fruit which he exhibited. W. Veitch, the Cemetery, Carlisle, showed with success for flowers and fruit. Other exhibitors of note in the open classes were Simon Shield, George Riddell, R. H. Carrick, D. Macadam, Armstrong, Bell, John Ridley, Hewitt, and Lancaster, ST. PETER'S. The third annual flower show in connection with St. Anthony's and St, Peter's Floral and Horticultural Society was held on Friday in a field at St. Peter's. There was large entries for each of the various classes, espacially for window plants. The prize winners iu the latter classes were:W.Westgarth, J. T.Moore, andG. Snowball. As a result of the bad season the flowers are not so well developed as last year's, yet the colours were fairly gocd. In this clasB the principal awards fell to Messrs W. C. Robson, J. Thomas, H. Dobbie, and W. Nichol. Mr W. C. Robson obtained both the first prizes for the best stands of greenhouse plants and fuchsia and geranium, in a com-petition confined to the parish. The vegetables formed undoubtedly the best show in the different classes in respect to quality and size. WHITTINGHAM, The forty-fourth annual flower show in connection with the Wbittingham Vale Floral and Horticultural Society waa held on Tuesday, on the lawn at EsliBgtoa Park, Whit-tingham, kindly lent for the occasion by the Earl of Ravensworth. There was a large exhibit of dahiias and panBifes, and they were greatly admired. Vegetables, in both the open, amateur, and farmers' classes were a special source of attraction, and some very good specimens of field produce were seen. The arrangements were such as to show the various exhibits off to the best possible advantage. AMBLE LOCAL BOARD. The ordinary meeting of this Authority was held on Tuesday evening last, when there were present: Mr W, R. Leighton (chairman), Mr James Sbotton, Mr Thomas Douglas, Mr D. M. Spence, Mr R. G. Huggup, Mr W. Gibson (clerk), Dr Thomas Currie (Medical Officer of Health) and Mr James McLaren, inspector and surveyor. The Local Government Board wrote approving of the proposal of the Authority in regard to the appointment of an inspector of nuisances for the district, and upon ;the motion of Mr J. Shotton, seconded by Mr Douglas, Mr McLaren was appointed to the office. The Local Govern mout Boardalso intimated their spproval of the regulations made by the Authority respecting dairies, cow sheds, and milk shops, and stated that the same would now be in force in the district, subject to the requirements of Act 14 (1) being complied with. The Medical Officer again reported that the district was quite free from disease. The Surveyor recommended that the sewer be extended from the Harbour Office to the Link End, and that the street should be raised and otherwise improved. On the motion of Mr Douglas, the surveyor was instructed to submit a plan of the proposed improvement at next meeting. On the recommendation of the Surveyor, it was agreed that the footpath to the cemetery should have a thin coat of fine gravel, and that the portion between Lillie's farm and the Link End be made. The Clerk reported that the collector's receipts for the past two weeks appeared to be 31 18s 8d from rates, and 5j 9s 4d for ashes. The treasurer's book showed a balance in favour of the Board of 72 12s Sd. On the motion of Mr Douglas, seconded by Mr Huggup, it was agreed that Mr Beattie be asked to resume his seat upon the Board. Tho meeting afterwards concluded. HOW SOME PEOPLE LOOK. I observe that paragraphists, mostly of thefemale'gender, scarcely ever mention Mr Browning's name without an expression of surprise at his personal appearance. They wonder to find him clean, well-dressed, trim, like an ordinary English gentleman. They say he looks "more like a physician than a poet," What should a poet look iike ? Like Lord Tennyson, who is a cross between a Guy Fawkes and tbe mysterious recluse of a transpontine melodrama; like Lord Houghton, who resembled a jolly old Silenus: like Lord Lytton (Owen Meredith), who looks Hebraic and modest, and is neither; like Mortimer Collins, who might have passed for ahandsome head-gardener; or O. W. Holmes, who hasa touch of the wizened groom; or Frederick Locker, an antiquated Lord Verieopht; or William Morris, like Longfellow's blacksmith without hia good-temper; or Longfellow himself, of whom I have a portrait; in nis pra-barbed days, which is decidedly commercial in its aspect? MaEy writers look like physicians; a shorter Thackeray, gray, bland, and spectacled, would have had immense succeEswith hypochondriac old women; James Payn is vary doctor-like; Wilkie Collins might be a professor of analytical chemistry. On the other hand, there is a laissez-nller air about certain physicians Dr Kidd, for example which is highly poetical. The World. The Argyleshire gathering was held at Oban this week. Tbe great annual fair at Nishni Novgorod was officially closed on Thursday, Discouraging accounts of the crops in the east of Galway have been received. Several new theatres are in course of construction in the neighbourhood of Charing Cross. Last Sunday, two violent earthquake shocks caused great destruction to property in the Peloponnessns. It is reported that the Russian Minister of Finance has declined to abolish the duty on imported coal. The Eastern Telegranh Company announce that communication to India and' the far East is now restored. About 550 miners employed by the Loire Mining Com pany went out on strike. Mr Jesse Collings, M.P., is confined to his house by an attnek of rheumatism. The, total amount realised' by the British Association at Bath by the sale of tickets this year is 2,108. A serious outbreak of pleuro-pneumonia has occurred on a large Somersetshire farm near to Evercreech. The Lord-Lieutenant fof Ireland will open a'naw wing of the Meath Hospital in Dublin on the 25 th inst. A society has recently been founded in Germany with the object of breeding pure Bhorthorns from imported stocks. The Cardiff police have arrested a local schoolmaster named James Morgan on a charge of murdering his wife. It is stated that the Marquess of Salisbury is likely to address a mas! meeting in Stamford, Lincolnshire, in the autumn. The Government are arranging to sena forty more crotfcer families from the north of Scotland to Manitoba next spring, A daring jewellery robbery has been effected at the house of Mrs Gee, widow of the late Mr T. Gee of Dewhurst Lodge, Wadhurst, Sussex. The Department of Agriculture is in receipt of advice from Manitoba and the North-West, whioh indicate that the root crops will be almost marvellous. A threshing machine exploded on Wednesday at Ciron, in the Department of Indre, France, killing eight men on the spot and injuring five others. A terrible stabbing affray occurred on September 3rd at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, arising ont of the State election. Five men were killed and threB dangerously wounded. The weather has become so cold at Aldershot that the regulation allowance of fuel for offices and orderly rooms is sanctioned for one week. The Scottish East Coast herring fishing is now over for another season, and the shortcoming !n quantity cannot be less than about 140,000 crane, The students of Prague &ze preparing a demonstration urging the Kaiser to pursue a more determined policy against Russian encroachments. Major-General W, H. Crompton Stansfield of Esholt Hall, Yorkshire, died suddenly on Thursday morning at his shooting-box at Buckden Moors, near Skipton. The officers ot the Fishmongers' Company condemned during the month of August no less a quantity than 1444 tons of fish sent to Billingsgate Market, It Sb rumoured that Mr Christopher Sykes, M.P., has been received into tbe Roman Church, but the rumour is not credited among his intimate friends. The ancient custom of ringing the curfew bell waa resumed at Stratford-on-Avon oa Tuesday afght. the same bell being used as that which was tolled at Shakespeare's funeral. A Sofia telegram states that M. Risoff, editor of the new journal Chri&ta BoUff, who was arrested for publishing articles of a revolutionary character, has been sentenced to two years' Imprisonment. At a meeting of the Liberal Unionists of South Bedfordshire, held at Luton on Monday night, Eari;Cowper accepted the presidency of the Liberal Unionist Association for the division. Accordine to the Paris Gavlois on Tuesday the King of Greece is taid to have expressed his intention of abdicating after hiB son's marriage with the Princess Sophie of Germany.' It is understood that at the next meeting of the National Rifle Association the chairman will be in a position to announce that Wimbledon has been granted for the next meeting !c July. At the Spalding Revising Barrister's Court on Monday the names of five clergymen, the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln, were struck off the owners' register on the ground that they are members of a corporate body, Eighty magazine rifles have, been received at Portsmouth to be tested as to rapidity of firing and accuracy of aim up to 2,800 yards by the Border and South Lancashire Regiments, and on board the Excellent and Northumberland. Some heavy engineering work is shortly to be commenced at Bilbao, as the Spanish Government have adopted plans for the improvement of the port, with the object of permitting the entry and exit of steamers at all states of the tide. Theilan, a Welsh vernacular paper, announces that the son of the Rev John Jones, late chairman of the Baptist Union of Wales, is about te 3ecede from the Baptist ministry, and is preparing to take orders In the Welsh Church. The Geographical Society of Paris has decided to take advantage of the presence of the many savants who will attend tbe Univerpal Exposition in Paris next year by calling together a Geographical CongretB, which will meet in August of next year. In the central Highland districts of Badenocb, Strathspey, and Laggan a frost of great severity was experienced on Sunday night, and its destructive effects were everywhere visible on Monday, potato haulms being blackened, aad fruit falKrg to the ground. CHRONICLES OF THE "CROOKED CLUB." By JAMES GREENWOOD, ASTHOB OF "TATTEBDOJt TALK" AtTD "OUT 3ATCBDAY. NIGHTS." XL A SOCIAL SAFEGUARD." Called on to explain what he knew of Moses Mungrill, whose name he had given in as a candidate for election. J oe Puddifoot, who had long been an esteemed member of the " Crooked" Clab, replied that as a matter of fact he knew next to nothing at all of the individual in question. He had made his acquaintance but very recently, and, as far as he could judge, he was one of the sort who knew everybody's business, while nobody knew his. "As for example," continued Mr Puddifoot, "the very first time I met him he was lurching about Kew Park. I had an appointment to meet a man there, and, as he did n't come to time, and I noticed this chap loitering in an inquiring sort of way, I thought, perhaps he has been sent by my friend with a message, and is not quite sure that I am tbe right the person to deliver it too. So I made up to him and remarked: " 'Eeg your pardon, but were you looking for any one?' "I was not looking for you, anyhow, Joe,' says he laughing, ' though, all tbe same, I am very pleased to meet you. How are you and ail the rest of theCrooks?' "I was naturally taken a little aback at that, and answered that he was mistaken. 'My name,' I said, 'is not Joe Crook, or anythiuk like it.' "I could have told you that,' says he coolly; 'your name is Puddiioot. and when I spoke of the " Crooks,' I alluded, as you very well know, to the noble order of wnuh you ate a member. How is old Grinder?' he says, 'and Biliy Patchman. and old Mumms? You was glad, I should thins, to have old Si. juiu you. He'll stir you up a bit. And, between you and me, Joe, you want stirring :ip. Your ciub is losing its .chr.tcter. You have let iu several of the wishy-washy kind lately. Dash-.d,' says ae, ' it I havu't more "than half a mitd to join you myself. Pretty well that was, wasn't it, from a stronger 1 had never clapped eyes on in all my iife? So I siys: '"I shouldn't spoil a good half a mind, if I was you. You seem to be a gentlemanly and a modest sort of a man, and I should say that any club would jump at the chance of getiing hold of you.' ''I don't know about any club, says he; but 1 should he a catch for the "Ciockeds," I rather think.' He has got a carrotty moustache,' s.,id Mr Puddifoot, 'and from his manner of twirling tbe ends of it when he uttered those last words, you might have thought that he was the Prime Minister, inclined to be condescending enough to join a journe-nnsn tailor-debating club. " I rather liked hts ways and manners, and we went and had a drink together. He told me where he livsd and She public he smoked his pipe at of evenings, and I have met him there a few times, and from the few lutio stories he has told me there can be no doubt as to his being crooked enough for almost anything. But his line is a novel one, and he thinks himself the cock of the walk in it, aud on that to be looked tin to and admired. He gat me to promise to propose him. and if the laws of the club had permitted it I might have taken his bet of ten to one that heis selected unanimously. It isn't for me to offer an opinion, but I believe I am money out of packet through not bem" able to take his waiter. But he is now waiting down stairs, and if it is your wish I will fetch him up, andyou can judge for yourselves." . Anil the consent of the President having been cbtain.-d, in Moses Mungrill was presently led, of course blindfolded. He was a man with a narrow face, of an unhealthy complexion, and deeply pock-marked ; his ears were large, his nose long, and of the shape that usually denotes au aptitude on the cart of the owner for poking and prying into other people's business, and his mouth was wide, and ms lips thin and bloodless. Without seeing his eyes you seem somehow to know from hia other features that they were small, and close together, and deep-set, and his hair grew low down tis steep forehead almost to his eyebrows. He was cot what might be called a possessing individual, hut there was an expression of disdainful superiority on his face, and being led in, he leant against a pillar by the presi-dent's table, and posed in a negligent attitude. The president was about to explain what was expected of him, when Mr Mungrell interrupted him. " My dear sir,'' said he, affably, " you may spare yourselt the trouble. I know all about it. You will be surprised to hear that, I dare say, but, to tell you the tru:h,there is very little going on in certain circles that I don't know. Knowing-is my profession. I live by it. "I am aware, without requiring you to inform me, that in order to prove my worthiness to become a member of your order, I must first give you a sample, in shape of a story, of my experiences in the wavs of crookedness.- I am not a man who talks about his business usually, I am not ashamed of it. I am proud of it, and none the less so because I am self-taught, and copied nobody, and followed in nobody's footsteps. It is a business best kept dark indee i, it would cease to be a business at all if there was too mach daylight let in on it. Clients would be more careful, ami a lotof numbskulls would be tempted to dabble in it, aud the whole thing wculd become so infernally vulgaris.:.!, that a man of talent and genius would retire from it m disgust. However, it is quite undeistood here,' I believe indeed, I know it that wiiat one relates in this room is sacred, and therefore, for form's sake, and to amuse you, you shall know a little of what my game is. , " If you ask me what I style myself professionally, I don't think I am putting it too high when I claim to be a social safeguard. I have heard it put lower as low as the mud and mire, I may say. Bless you, yes," continued Mr Mungrill, after pausing to take out his gold toothpick to pick his teeth, which were sharp and white like those of 3 ratting terrier, " I've been called all manner of pretty names-snake, sneak, spy, blackmailer; but mind you," and Mr Munsrill grinned, and a crease came in the handkerchief with which his eye? were bandaged as though he was winking, "mind you, I have had such uncomplimentary terms applied to me, not by people generally, only by those I bowl out and put the screw on. So it is flattering, rather than otherwise. , " Mine is a profession, Mr President and gentlemen, that requires no eaoital to work it and no assistants, and when I tell you that the basis of it is as bread as sin itself, I think you will admit it is not very likely to fail me during ray lifetime. Not that I take any interest or get any profit out of the out-and-out and ur.disgnisably sinful sort. That is tbe most ticklish part of tuejwhole joke. Those I live on are the make-believe virtuous ones who are sinful only on the sly. That's why I call myself a social safeguard, don't you see," said Mr Mungiill, laughing. "I'm a check on 'em. I bowl 'em out and make them smart, and sicken them of it. But it is a delicate business, and could not be successfully followed by anyone who did not possess tbe natural gift of keen discrimination that and a proper regard for morality. lamnot a married man myself, but if I was I hope I should respect the vows I made at the altar. Those who don't do so ar6 the class I make it my aiIairto,!ook after, and I make a very good thing of it. "What right have married men to go"ga!Iavantmg about in secret ? I know them at a glance. When I am sauntering about smoking a cigar at a railway station, especially those from which trains are uin to the pleasant suburbs, they turn up not uncommonly. I have made a study oi it, you see. and when I feel convinced, three times iu five I am not mistaken. Of course, it is no use spotting- the common sort the married journeyman tailor, who is making half-holiday with his master's maid-of-all work. Tne kind of man that I have a sharp eye for is the weak-minded family man in comfortable circumstances and who wouldn't have tis good lady at home know of his ?ay doings for a hundred pounds. It may cost some amount of time and money to trace such a case to certainty, but it pays. When once a chap of that character parts with hush money it is all up with him. You tan draw on him when you think you will, and he dare not say no. He may call names and revile you, but he'll fork out all the same for that when you make him understand that what you threaten to do you will not flinch from. "Pooh! I could quote you twenty such cases. I had a wholesale butterman, who lived out Mile End way, on my books, for nearly five years, and ho was as good as a hundred a year to me. I wish I had split, curse him, while the game was good ! He was a smart built youn fellow, and had married his master's widow with a heap of money, but it was all settled on herself, and the business was hers as well. She was an old woman, nearly sixty when he married her, but she was so fiercely jealous of him he was very good-looking that he was watched whenever he was out of her sight, although, from what I could make of it, there was never any profession of love between them how could there be ? only that he was to look after aud take care of her so Jong as she lived; and on that condition she would leave him all she was possessed of. At the same time it was of course in her power to wipe him out of her will altogether if bbe chose to do it. "Well, it seems that he had been for some time keeping company with a young woman of his own station in life before he married" the widow, and the old woman beiDg asthmatic, and not likely to live long, like a sensible young persoD, sbeaareed to wait till the widow died ; and that being the arrangement between them, it was perhaps only natural that they shouldn't altogether break of their sweethoarting. Anyhow, they didn't break it off, and I wormed it out. He was supposed to spend one day a week collecting accounts, but he always got done in time to meet her at Waterloo Station in the afternoon, and they then took a little trip somewhere, and got back early in the evening. "I found It out, and I took care to make myself master of all tbe particulars before I made a move. I had got all the incidents in order, with dates, times, and places, as though it was written for a stoiy book. He was ready to eat ma when I paid him a visit there is nothing like having the first interview on the if it can be managed. He blustered anil swore, and called me everything but a gentle-m&D, but he didn't raise his voice. We ware in the shop-parlour, and the old woman was io the, jcom ovetfeeacj so be dare not do that. Of course, he bad to pa?. And he kept on paying off and on, as I have already told you, for nearly five years. In older to make things safe and comfortable for him I used to arrange to meet him, for the purpope, at a quiet little crib down at Putney, and how do you think the vagabond showed his gratitude ? I had had a disappointment or two in business, and I wrote to him putting the screw on a little tighter than usual. He came to time. '"I intend," says he, ' to pay you off at ones, so that yon won't trouble ma any more. What shall Igive you ?' " I had made the same proposition to him before, bat he wouldn't agree to it, but now he seemed pleasantly determined, as though he at last had come to the conclusion that it would be the best thing to do. So I named a sum, and no sooner were the words out of my month than with brutal violence he seized me by the collar the cowardly scoundrel was twice as big at I am and he produced from under his coat a dog-whip, and he whealed me over the body and over the head and face till I was as blind as I am at the present moment. A mean hound! The old woman had died only the day before, and that was what he took advantage or. a selfish beast, I call a man like that. He knew what I was, and that he was only one client in a dozen or more, and that it was only in human nature that I should get consolation out ot them for what he made me suffer, out what did he care so long as be had his blood-thirsty revrage oni o 0ers f wa3 &t the rime dealing with. There was one among them you ought to listen attentive to this, it is a pretty little romance, and will make you laugh. A youngith woman she was, and she was in love with a young chap, who was confidential clerk to an old merchant swell, who somehow was in the way of frequently eeing her, and he, too, was iniove with her, and if l am to believe what I am told, the unscrupulous old gentlemat), finding there was no other way of getting the young fellow ont of the way, laid a trap for him, and made it appear that he had robbed him, and so got him a sentence cf three years. And the young woman being made to believe in his fcuilt, listened to what the old man hadgto say to her, and mairicd him. " I can't -relate to you the whole rigmarole of how it came about, but it seems that, although she oould not prove it against him, the old man's wife got certain knowledge that the young one had been put away innocently. He took it so much to heart that he fell into a consumption, and they let him off a few months sooner than they would otherwise have done in consequence. Well, she the old man's young wife, I mean found out where he waa living, without friend, in some poor back street, and, on the sly, she used to visit him and take him comforting things, and give him money as well, you may lay your "life on that. Well, I found out all about it, and, as I needn't tell you, I woiked it to my advantage. She had plenty of money, and I- . W'hy, what the deuce is the matter with you? Are you all taken suddenly ill ?" It was the dismal groaning on every side reaching Mr Muagrill's ears that made him aak the question, and while he was still wondering what was the matter, he found himself seized by the scruff of tbe neck.and swiftly urged from the room. It was Jos Puddifcot's doing, and in a few minutes be teturted puffing aud blowing, "Mr President." said Joe, " I am aware that t- Wi, , respectful to the chair to take so much on mys-lf, bu: - 'T' my word and honour I couldn't help it. Pjl;e m. a rond. Twice over if you like, and serve me ri;'t 1 introducing to your notice such a contemptible va v- 0. (TO BE COSTtSBED. " " ' JUU-, We have supped on horrors full during th? weeks. Whitechapel, teeming as it does wits a t;. ,... population, will have its evil repute still furti. r j.;... , .' by the suspicion of horrible crimes committe.i since ' mas last in the district.' The first tvo tn enacted m tne same street ana wimin a s;o::e- t- ot each other. In the nrst case a stale j or iron uiitro.-.-.j.. been run through the body of the murdered wo:r. i:;. name has not yet transpired. Number 2. ocj;:r.; August last, the victim being a Mary Tur;., r. 0:, . body no less than thirty-nine stabs were ii::;-,e:e i. s then a good deal of anxiety, cot to say terror. !;,.- pr . in the immediate neighbourhood, which hs ,: .' lessened by the inability of the pj!tc to '; -,..: '.Fa mystery surrounding these deads of iliukne's. I, " the scenes of these murders, but not -o fj,- c., Yj" a woman was terribly done to d?ath in K body being shockingly mutilated. The s!:.i , : ;,. . fo.tup.ate wwnaa Nichotls has never hi-.-u tr -.c :. .: . growing uneasiness of tho inhabitants at t.-.i, w evidence oi a murderer securely hunti:.s ;.;; p., . , hood was changed into i-auic ami terror when c:. mon.iui; it became known ti.,-t not far fr.-ra . v.;; , ' hist niuiders a weman had been muni re.'. r; : : :, .T more fcartuUy mutilated tiuu that of a-jy .:' tr.. j.: -,-. .'. victims. This time the feeling i.1! prorouiKi .. ,,r i: fierce indication ws widespread, aaa trA-,t! ' ..- , ' most brutal murder beci,ii:c the or , . throughout e-.'ery rwrt of t!u Metropolis. Tu.a-.v. 1-.... ti the s-cene of the trauniy on Saturday aud .- -..i , 1 mmy wild aud unfoumitd rumours were set . ; ... was indeed at cno time a .lander 1-st iin ou'-bre.-L.-: , : - the poor J.-w.-s w-ui'.i be the :l'-i.- v viciutu report that tlo munlou-r beloiuei n I'oiticn of the corr.mur.iiy. It was slat.-u t:.1 t!.,- .: ;. w;:s marked with suci: c;,;:Ce-s ..! b.ioarr.v .. : devilry that it was not possible for a C:.r:stin to Ami responsible papers, while (riving c.!ir-ncy to Mie , tuok no pains to point out the daniter ef soch a teu.-: -.. port. Happily, the good sense oi the peopU did . disert them at the most crucial moment ui :'..; - .: ' at-d the threatened explosion aaint the Jews, w:::c:. wi :. lave been a disgrace, was staved elf. Up to the lime writing the effort vi the p .:.v- fc-failed iu running the assasin to earth, ami th-y if. : they have not much of a clue too upon. 'i.';i- c. against the police have been loud and bitter, an.; i t organisation of the force is called (or on ail nan-i,. :-. . .. uiialy terlecis on the of the detective !v... , f . .. world's metropolis lour murders, ail w. ': :. . distance of each other, end. til tltewoik, see;:v. .:-. ... mind, should so far go undetected, ileitis r- -... to the lay mind which, if ndopt,--!, w.n! i ::-.'.'. .... light on the East End tiaslie, if n-it to tiw ,Y..-r. ot the tiend. Of late people have tost coi.tide:.:- -. .'. police force as a Iwdy. The sense ef s-.-c",r;:y hv arted: neither person nt-r property n;p.-!U- ' h aJ nl'fciuiilly safeguarded a f jrmvrly. Ti.c l--i!is t:.;-, and residents iu White.-iiapel, rueiirtj the r.o.- s-;:;- :'.: action, in order to make up tor the deficiency t t!.s. :-. Lave taken steps to form a committee t' public sitV.v. r : with the view of leaving nothing undone to ..use.'.-. - criminal, have cilered a reward for information le.ic:::; his discovery. Last year. Russia by her coal import duties sulfrtv1... severely from the coal famine that see is uct.-rmintd i '- -endure like privations a second time. With this vi- .i-, iiuge ccai magazine is being erected at Odessa, and r. , doubt similar storehouses vriil be erected ith:i t!;:'-. , boatii oi the Black Sea and Sea of Azof. Public o; indeed would sanction the removal of the tax ujb c for not only did the scarcity of coaUcsne reita :: - y among the population, hue it led to the closing of a : : bcr of factories during the winter. The coal tr-ide !: -. ; be ready to take advantage of either the- partKl er t.jt.-.t r. mission of the tax which may occur at any ., A complaint comes from Paris that the-;.! city have raised the price of bread. Tiiere api:ir. t considerable grumbling and voict-exprsseJ this act of cupidity on tne part of tne trod-. !:ikt ..'. the same all the world over, evidently. In-i-e-j. if o::- :r.,v judge of the Parisian man of flour and de : i y London compeer, the former may be said to h, rel .w, an honest man and forbearing withal. Mo--, of the l.y.. : takers weeks ago advanced tne price of the :. . cr wl:t goes by that name, and it is not at ail ii;;;..-j-i d... ti the price will be further raised. The bak.-r- b-.l'.e'.,- ::..y are masters of the situation, and act accordi:.;.y. In a crowded district lik-e Islington, wheie sj i::ir.y jn-nd for their living on needlework, there is a cert d.: :l; ; priateuess in the holding of an exhibition o! s..v., machines at the Agricultural Halt. Adjuncts a:- t!::.;-v:, ,a in the shape of rotary knife cleaners, mangles, wt i:... : -. ;.. ' other, domtstic appliances, so as to impart a va-iei.,r. 1 general interest to the exhibition. There are sewuu- .; ,s, Without tnd, the vast area of the great hall be-in.' a!:r. -. u-tirely occupied jby them. Users can judge of t:.e t mrms of tbe manufacturers of different cuiin tries Am. ::!.-.. German, and Kngiish, fiie exhibits by the two tor:r.,-r more numerous than those of the home makers. A : 1 v-fnl machine can lie seen at work here. By its means ton-holes can be cut and sewn at the rate reaching i.;; t, PdU holes per hour! There are other equally interes-.;-.; novelties on view. Now the originator of the sawing macu:. was not the American Howe, for in 171)0 a London can !.: maker actually patented a machine, cumbrous and c-.:y compared with the marvels that are. provided for ti.ep iV.; at the present day. This antiquate i piece of machinery on view at the exhibition, and looks a solitary oi-ath.-nsr.; among the new species evolved since its day and ge:ier:i;i in. The Figaro has published what purposes to be an outkc of the new Savoy opera by Gilbert and Sullivan. 1; be time enough to give an outline of the wotk after its production on November 10th. It is intended to iirod'.:.-; tn; piece on the same night at New York, and t being done to prevent piracy on tho part of our Americw ftiendt. The chorus parts have been sent over, snd reoiVlj of the scenery will follow, the dialogue bcinrr purposely .-layed till the last possible moment. The Parnell Commission will sit for the fiisi time en Monday. The proceedings will I believe be largely fori-,1 and the mode of procedure will te decided upon. Court in which the great trial will he held will i:: more than 150 persons, including counsel and tl.r rejne- r.-tatives of the press. The talk ot holding in Uiry in tr. large hail was foolish gossip. The place is so s.v, ; t indraughts that the lives of all concerned would lir. e . shortenedhad they to pass any number of lioun ds:;y is such an uncomfortable quarter. The indifferent r-.-;,::.vs to the jubHc appeal made for funds to enable Mr Iv-c-rli to defend himself proves that the Glad--, .n -d'aruci alliance has not won for itself the enthusiasm which a,;sarv.-lttoratots would have uk be'deve. I have not seen the fact published that Mr Henry Irvir., has engaged Mr Alfred Raynor, the well-known ll.i-t actor, for three years. He will make his ',;: a u Lyceum stage in December as Macduff. It mav astonish mont people to learn that an ar.i-t such repute as Mr Keeley-rialswelle is engaged 02 scenery for "Macbeth." Such is the fact, howeve.-. v i that he has returned to his first love ir ay be accoi;:.-...i :.r perhaps by the treatment meted out to him this y .r 7 the Hanging Committee of the Royal Academy, jtcted all his pictures' If my recollection serv-i riebtly, Mr Keeley-IIalswelle's tirst ambitious efforts J.::.: the brush was in the production of seenery at the old Im Royal, Edinburgh, under the tenancy of Mr Wyn i:.vri. Additional interest will be felt in the Lyceum ".Mae.'., when it becomes known that some of the principal sc -i.-', are the work of Mr Halswelle. The Home Secretary must have passed a bad quarter an hour on Wednesday, when he read in the s r.. the outspoken censure passed upon him in bi3 official city. It is many a long year since a press supporter i Government has aisailed a prominent Minister in terrr. unmistakably strong and plain, and emphatically inform 1 that he must go. In all this the TUfjrapk is but vol : r.s; the opinion of the public, and certainly of -Is :i the Conservative party. His appointment was never p .-, i-hr with the followers of the Government, and hia pr.,v! inca, acity and icepitude for his important pose has b-.:. so often "demonstrated, that It would be a relief to !.ra that gentleman had resigned. From the outset or toi official career he has been a source of weakness to tie Government. The Gburch of St. Bride, or St. Bridget, in Fleet Stree'. lias been open for several hours daily, " tor resr, devutu:!. and ptaser," for the last five years. This has never caused any serious inconvenience, and those responsible tor the --ste custody of the building " have to complain more or west the visitors leave than of what they take away, ' as soii.e people make a luncheon room of it, and leave the in:-ments behind them. Others take too liberal a view ,.: the word "rest," and come to have a nap. The o. 1 St. Bride's was entirely burnt at the fire, nothir.s remaining but the iont, which is a small but very beautiful one of white marble, upon a black marbia pedes;,! Tbe present edifice was built by Wren, ant! completed .:: 1703. The inside is most beautifully decorated. The seats are of polished oak, and sre a compromise between the vry high-backed ones and the present prevailing iaahiou. 1 tto uulpit is a handsome carved oak one, and is a "thre -cecker " cut down. The churoh has a very fine peal c: bells in its magnificent steeple. Wynken ae Word,: wm t-,; ir. rbo old church, and Richardson, the novelist, who i was also a printer in the adjoining Salisbury Square, in th new one but their exact, renting uiacc is uon kbui., neither U there a memorial tablet to either of them. NOTES AND COMMENTS. ' fie Hospital has just published some remarkable sU;U::'c of the different cost of the maintenance of beds in various London hospiials. It seeni3 that whereas one institutiw ?I ends 30 per annum on ech bed occupied, others expeni mms varying from 43 to no less than &IS0. One of the largest timber-rafts that hara ever been see:: on the Rhine has just descended that river from Miyer.ce to Dordrecht. It was 700 feet in length, 170 feet wide, curried a crew of 170 men, and was valued at 12,0C0. Tho question of the desirability of the fusion of barristers and solicitors will form the principal subject of discussion at the annual provincial meeting of the Incorporated La Society, which will be held at Newcastle-on-Tyae nei". month. A correspondent of the Ziullin Express, alter annnun-rx? that Mr Parnell, Messrs Sullivan, O'lSrisn, Se:oa, Harrington, Healy, and the two Redmond?, M.i'.'s, '"' make a considerable visit to Mr Gladstone and the Re Harry Drew at Hawarden, states that i: is mooted amount the knowing ones that Mr Parnell is no: love proof, and that Hawarden Manor may provide a mate for the master of Avonelale. Proceedings agtinst her husband have been taken in "e Divorce Court by a well-known London actresi. Ihs couple bave not been long married, and it is stated tni. revelations of an extraordinary .character will be made wa;-a the case comes Into eourt. The merchants who attended the annua! fair at M;r-Novgorod have addressed representations io the Commits of MflnBBpmonf nftlnf, f'no r!pTAnTnnfc of Russian tta-3 i with foreign countries. Thsy also recommend that British commerce Bhould be admitted into Sibeiia by way 0. Yenisei liver. ODDS AND ENDS, NOT TO BE BHLIEVED OS HIS OATH. On a late trial a celebrated counsel told .the follon; stoiy: A man was tried and convicted before Judge . ekyi , principally upon his own confession ; the jury, however ( Welsh one), thought proper to bring in 3 verdict of no, gnilty. The judge, surprised at this, asked the jury 0 what grounds they could give such a Terdic. Wueu 1 prisoner's confession corroborated the proof; - y that, my lord," said tbe foreman, " we have 7a prisoner from his childhood; he has always been so bs liar that we cannot in conscience believe anything he w Newcastle Cfurant, Sept, 13, 1788.

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