The Newcastle Weekly Courant from Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England on May 20, 1881 · 6
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The Newcastle Weekly Courant from Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England · 6

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Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England
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Friday, May 20, 1881
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6
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6 NORTHUMBERLAND PIPE AND -"-a-uuAU M L SIC, This series of articles comtaenrrd 5 , -December 6tb, 1878, and has heln ,.?"r?"? on 5W"'3'. intermission. ' as teen "ntmued since without THE SUMMER'S MORSTEfo. a ., moss, atMhfl did nie a vitc mo flowing b owl, and dowu ry 5 . . V N I tan- - r.inJ, Mrj, a,; Iaw,t T riling ,y .ul- txitm me some money-ten guineas and a crown. It -was erne summer's morning as I Kent o'e- the mss r had no thoight of 'lisiing till the soldiers did me cross They kindly did umte me to a flowing ho-.vl, and down They euruMcd me some money ten guineas and a crown. "It's true my love has listed, he wears :i white cockade Me is a handsome yming man, besides a r..viti" blade He is a handsome jcntignian. and he's gone to serve the On . 'tun very heart is breaking, for the lo-s of Mm." My love is tall and handsome, and cornel v fur to see And by a sad misfortune a s ildier now is'lie ' i hope the ram: that 'listed him may not prosper night no- dav Tor Iuuh that the Hollanders may sink him in the sea. ' "Oh .' may he never prosper. Oh ! mav he never thrive ?or any tl ins ho takes in hand so long as he's alive. May the very grass he treads upon the ground refuse to grow, " s lesn lne only cause of my sorrow, grief, and woe. Then he pulti-u out a handkerchief to wipe her tlowinn eves-.Leave off those lamentations, likewise those mournful cries ISSV yrfne? sorrow, while I march o'er the plain, ' We 11 te mumed when I return again. ' n?,1T.y love has listed, and I for him will rove J 11 write ms name on every tree that grows in yonder n-ove here the talw he does hollow, Sid the houXbsweetly To remind me of my ploughboy until the day I die." This is a very old ditty, formerly a ereat favourite in many parts of England, but more particularly in the mining distorts of the UNorth. It fhst appeared in a volume of ballads published by the Percy Society, and edited by Mr J. JH. Dixon, to whom it was communicated by his brother, JEr K. TV. Dixon of Seaton Carew, Durham. The tune is Ter7 pleasing, and the frequent repetitious of tho first four syllables of the last line in each verse produce a singular and somewhat amusing effect when sung in chorus, which is usually done. These columns are open for the interchange of communications on things and events not generally known more especnllv p'.atters of autiquarian and historical internet connected with theJNoithof England. NOTES. THE WEATHER LORE OF " Tl:e flnwan' "VT-,,- MAY. Who from her green laps throws', 'Ihe yellow cowsiip and the pale piimrose." May is a month whose associations are peculiarly native and English. The intense historical interest that has gathered around its ancient advent grows keener as each succeeding season some lingering custom disappears. With the May poles tell the glory of May. Even the sweeps cease to celebrate their ancient revels. Maid Marian has evaporated m utilitarian mists, and Robin Hood has lost its joyousness in nineteenth century hardness of heart Jff,111;' B May has not forgotten herself, and yet ooens the buds and flowers Like all the other months she has a plentiim store ot old-fashioned lore attached to her advent and course. As uncertain as April, we hear it said of her : May come early or come late. She will make the cow to (luake. That is, in many places the custom is to turn the cattle into the green fields from their winter stalls, and they will find the weather cold. Another saying applies to colu-catchin humanity : Till May he out Change not a clout. The rains of this month are also observed and commented on : " ater in May is bread all the year ;" also A leaky M;ly and a warm June Put the harvest iiir-j tune. Eut we must not have it too wet or too warm, for that is unhealtny, as "A hot May makes a fat churchyard." January is in some manner supposed to be connected with Slay, so that it is said that " A warm January makes a cold Mav." It has been considered as very unlucky either to be born or to marry in this month. " Marry in May and you'll rue the day." Perhaps because anciently the Church forbademartia"ss for some weeks at this season.- But even the Romans thought this as we see from the poet Ovid. Aciirious superstition exists in some narts as to the meoictu powers of this month. If you have goitre or other neck diseases go to the nearest churchyard, befoie sunrise, on the 1st of May, and anoint the diseased parts with dew irom the graves for a certain cure. The buds begin to expand in May, and those who wish to keep the load of hie may go to a tree in most gardens for " He that would live for ave-Must go eat sage in .May."" But the May-tide fancies are well nigh over. Time comes and goes, and finds us so busy that we have no opportunity for issuing forth in glad companies, no flowery spoil and but little sense and acknowtedsment of the quiet presence cf .Nature in lonely grove or dale. Add,- Williams, F.K.H.S. INQUIRIES. Beax Granville or Dubilam. Did thi rlimibrv t,. any works ;. if so, what are they and where are they to be found? E. S. T. Poxtefkact Oistle. Can you give me the date and particulars of its demolition ? W. R. Justice Rokebt. To what family in the north did this worthy belong? A few particulars would oblige A Cubioes One. Wynyaeh Estate. -Who were the early owners of this Durham property ? S. L. Eixc'Hesteb. In what poem, by whom does this line occur ? " On Roman ground stands Bischester aloft." n. Morpeth Castle Are there any events of historic importance associated with this ruin ? E. M. Laxbeicost Pmoky When was this building erected ? A Visitor. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS. Hills in the Kobih Eiuixg (Courani May 13). In reply to Circular Tourist, permit me to state that to obtain one of the best views in North Yorkshire he should proceed up the Wensleydale Valley as fat as Hawes, or better still, if from the south, up the Settle Branch of theMidland, to Hawes Junction, and then take the road between Muker and Hawes, which leads through theButtertub Pass. Tir's pass is some 1,760 feet above the level of the sea, and just above the stone quarry you obtain a magnificent view of some of the highest hills in Yorkshire. Nearest is Wid-daleFell, in height 2,200 feet; then Teuend Pell, LHlDfeet-bnays Fell, 1,782 feet; Dod Pell, 2.1S0 feet; and Weather Sell, 2,019; beyond which is Shuuuer Pell, 2 32!) feet facinst which is Lovely Seat, 2,21ti feet. It is good exercise climbing any or these, and the view from any of their summits is simply charming. In Wensleydale a fine view is obtained from Addeleborough and from Penhill A "Wanderer. Bothal Castle (Courant, May S).-The village of Bothal and Castle are about four miles from Morpeth. The best way to reach them from that town is by a foot-road through fields, and it is not until you are almost within a stone's throw of the village that you see it. The locality is exceedingly pretty and the Bertram who originally settled there must have had an eye tor the picturesque. The vil. Jage stands m a little valley, through which flows a stream-let into the Vansbeck. The village itself is modern a Kodel of neatness and seeming comfort in its little Gothic cottages with their pretty flower gardens, but the church and castle are very old especially the church. The castle stands on a knoll overlooking the river. The building can never iave been very large; indeed its extent is clearly indicated ly the remnants of the walla and the form of the "round The only complete portion remaining is a gateway tower Tvhich must have formed the main entrance, and, for anything I know to the contrary, was the chief portion of the astle. From this the walls extended southward towards the Kiver Wansbeck, which flows past quite near, and in old times would contribute to the strength of the buildin" on that side of it. I should imagine that the tower which is the newest of the original buildine, may be fourteenth century masonry. The entrance is flunked by a couple of octagonal towers, or I might almost say buttresses and immediately under the battlements are carved the arms as fresh as paint, ol the founders of the castie and of those Jarndies with whom they were allied. R. W. T. Bothal Castle was one of the houses of' ihe Bertram lainilv. Which, down Tn r),r.rt.ii r.i 3 rrr - - ---- wnam iu, was one ot the wealthiest and most influential of the noble families Svelnrl111?? '- earJy every member of the family a e land to Brmkburne, and of the 200 and more grants I; ra?s re the chief contributors. Bothal Castle or rather tnat portion of it which reinj Vis has been Torn"' hat modermsed. The windows hav e faeen enlaieed Tnd the interior walls plastercdand ranercd n is' " r.i!.f w, ivp?1,ereu. ihe dining room. .- ,.t i- i ; " is papered in nel. and ovm- H.. is" ' f.. n 1 inita- was one summor'R muminff n t . . .. b A HWBI , IT IM I had no thought of listing till tho 1 They Mnd-ly 0U in. 2 by .a stone staircase at the wMCM oak cupboard but whether it belongs the castle or has been brought to it I cannot say The bed rooms are modernised like the dining room, and the west wing is modem Jn setter The best room is used as a drawing To these who lock for pioperties such as are usually fou'rd in an old Border fortress an inspection is rather disappointing It is nevertheless a charming house, and its thick wall's look as substantial as when they were first built. There Ins evidently been a portcullis and drawbridge, and nrobab'y the whole was surrounded by a moat. "The rear of the castle, or courtyard, is now a llower garden. The view all round is very beautiful. A glimpse is got of the building from the railway near to Longhirst Station. Should any of your correspondents visit the place, they must not count npon obtaining anything to eat or drink at a public house for there is nothing of the kind nearer, I believe tha-i Morpeth. Hengry Tramp. ' Bothal Castle was built by Robert Bertram, who obtained from Edward IIT. the piivilegeof transferring his manor-house of Bothal into a castle. His daughter and heiress having married Sir liobert Ogle of Ogle, conveyed the estates of the Bertrams to the Ogle family. Sir Bobert Og'e bequeathed Bothal to his youngest son John, and his paternal estate to his eldest son Hobnrt, who, after his father's death, took forcible possession of his brother's property, from which he was soon ejected. This same Robert distinguished himself by his bravery in the Wars of the -Roses, in which he supported the House of York, for which he was created Baron of Bothal and first Lord' Ogle. On the death of Cuthbei't, the last Lord Ogle, without male issue, Bothal Castle passed to his daughters, Joanna and Catheiine. The latter married Sir Charles Cavendish, and was created Baroness of Osrle. His son was made Baron Ogle, and afterwards Earl of Ogle, and Duke of Newcastle in 1CC4. He supported the King in the Civil War, and had to Hj to the Continent, His only daughter was married to ladv MlSi,V'M Countess of Oxford. & ownership'r BCastTe? Going, Going, Goxe! (Courant, May 13). -J pofcter " Tlt t TWn C f Wam Cthe nltch andrtr ' Thfi " foe tw"l be let by wRh t , soaveD?''' thistime was charged with the duties of seeing that the payments and stree'fof S3Vto iC -P-'-Hltoend tl pWb"S-VrS combination of duties. The of 'sale bvandt ' f?, f fT11 analagous to that 'thew ekof a candle ' A 13 d5u hy Halliwell as match was a spill of wood t 'I'1? atn5 that lots by the 3 w A - t0,WDS' sileauofciuneers sell their auction-by which ?ln m disppseU of by Dutch KC;I VhJhs b,:ld'S "a made by the auctioneer. is adopted bvT!n lm 18 oialmeii- This practice the ZtloneL-s VlM ih mai f . V P until the lot is claimed. Tl,,. of tCo, i 7, f t0Um'U 13).-The ancient family of Delaval existed in the township of Seaton Dehival from ine time ot the Gorman Conquest till the year ISIS. The lamily was related to the Conqueror, whose niece was married to Guy Delaval. whose second son was a standard bearer at Hastings. They appear to have had possessions all over the north, and Gilbert Delaval was one of the twenty-four barons sworn to see the Magus Charta and the Charta de Foresta confirmed by the Pope. In the time of iienry III. Eustace Delaval held Black Ca'lerton, Seaton, Newsham, and Dissington.and subsequently a great portion ot the estates was vested in William Delaval of Benwell Ihe male line became extinct in Sir John Delaval, whose oaughter married John Horsley de Ulchester, who assumed tae Delaval name and arms. This was in the loth centurv One or the descendants from this alliance, Robert Delaval' represented Northumberland in Parliament dnrin" the reign of Charles II., and was created a baronet in 16G0 Die male line becoming extinct again the estate passed to Oeorge Delaval of South Dissington. The male line became extinct again m 1771, by the death of Sir Francis Blake Delaval the grandson of the George Delaval just mentioned. His brother, bir John Hussey Delaval, then came into the estates He became Baron Delaval in 1733, and dyiu-without male issue the estates passed once more to a brother, Edward Hussey Delaval of Doddington, one of the most eminent scholars of his time. On his death in ISIS Seaton De.aval became the property of Sir Jacob Astley, Bart, of Melton Constable, Norfolk, who became Baron Hastings in 1841. F. Buhion, Tynemouth. An Inquirer does not say wiiat family of the Delavals he requires information about. In the Middle Ages they were numerous and wealthy. The old stock were located at Seaton Delaval, where male issue failing four times the estates passed into the hands of different branches the male issue becomingaltogethereitinct in 1813. One of tho most celebrated members of the Dissineton branch was Aomiral Sir Ralph Delaval, who entered "the navy at an early age and attracting the notice of the Duke of York afterwards James II., rose to the rank of captain. Accepting service m the fleet of William III., he became rear-admirai and was knighted. He was at the battle of Beachv iieadondOth June, 1(190, and on the 19th May, 1DD2 fought at La Hogue. Court intrigues deprived him of his command, and he retired into private life. His public services were not forgotten, however, and at his death his remains were interred in Westminster Abbey. G. G The Delaval family was related to the Norman Conoueror, by the mainage of Guy Delaval to Dionesia, second daughter of Robert, Pari of Mortagne, and King William's niece, bir Hendrick Delaval, second son of Guido, Lord of Delaval carried one of the principal banners when the Duke of Normandy conquered England. In 1402 one Manberge had half of feeiton Delaval, North Dissington, and Hartlawe-" and after this, a great part of the family possessions were vestedin ilham Delaval of Benwell; but in 1450, a third II"'01, ihc "5alMr of Seaton Delaval was held-by one of the hitchester family. Robert Delaval represented Northumberland in the Parliament of Charles II., and was created a baronet in 1000; but, after three successions, the title became extinct by failure in male issue, and the Sep ton estate passed to George Delaval of South Dissington, who had two sous Edward of Dissington and Admiral Owe and cine uaughter. (Admiral George Delaval was killed'bv a tall irom an unruly horse, as he was riding out after dinner near his own house, in 1723. He distinguished himself both m anus and in Hie Cabinet. He was sent by Queen Aune as Amliiissador or Plenipotentiary to tUo Emperor of Morocco and the King of Spain in 1710). Edward had issue by Mary, daughter of Sir Francis Blake, of Ford Castle, o'ne son viz., Irancis Blake Delaval, Esq., who died in 1752, having marneu Ehoda, daughter of Robert Anreeco, Esq., of vashuigley, in Huntingdonshire, by whom he had issue euuit sons and five oai id iters tlio fn,. t i n ., i Till,?. ? W 1,ePtimate . "H lsrae- Sir Francis Blake Delial, the e dest ; son, is said to have been the gayest and most accomplished Lothario of the age. And having, by a life of incessant dissipation, involved himself m great embarrassment, he, by a deen-Jaid artifice, persuaded the credulous Ladv lauiett, widow of the Earl of Thanet, with an immense fortune, and m her 60th year, to marry him. but a d soon after took place by mutual consent. He subsenuently entered as a volunteer on board the fleet destined to make a descent at St. Cas, on the French coast, where he dis piayed the most romantic bravery, and on his return in Bbl was created a knight of the Bath. Having dissipated his fortune, he entered into an arrangement with his brother. Sir John who allowed him 4,000 a year till his death m l ,,1. His brother, John Hussey Delaval was created a baronet in 1761, but he was raised to the peerage as Baron Delaval in 17SS. His lordship died without male issue m lbOb, aged SO years, and his remains were removed from Seaton Delaval to the family vault in St. Pauls Chanel, London. His entailed estates devolved on his brother, Edward Hussey Delaval, Esq., of Doddington ; but his other estates and personal property were bequeathed to his relict, with the remainder to his lordship's granddaughter, the Marchioness of Waterford of Ford Castle where Lady Delaval died in 1S22. Edward Huss4 Delaval was an excellent classical scholar, and conversant iii most languages, both ancient and modern. Chemistry and experimental philosophy were his favourite pursuits Ho was an accurate judge of music and the polite arts He was member of several Rovnl societies .W many of his discoveries a: r; !, cv.do.is ' were translated into the continental i.u- f. .... .-eceu'ed tb general approbation of men of fc.o 'l .,H: at We audi abroad, 'ihe various brilliant artificial gems which he made, the curious specimens of his mode of cxtraivuT'tlnu" from glass, and his neat Gothic house in Parliament I'lac' London, the interior of which is elegantlv formed of artificial stones, under his immediate direction, in order to be perfectly secure from Ere will long remain durable testi- .,v.,J1;t.- ilo (l vacmw, anu ;us taste as a gentleman. He died wituout issue, August 14th, IbPs, aed h-T years, and was buried at Westminster Abbey At "his decease, the valuable estate of Seaton Delaval descended to bir Jacob Astley, Bart., of Malton Constable, Norfolk, m rignt of his grandmother, Ehoda, the late Lord Delaval's eldest sister, who was espoused by Sir Edward Astlev, Bart i-ord Hastings, a descendant of the two families of "Astley and Delaval, is now inheritor of the Seaton Delaval estates Suddick. Derwentwatek House (Courant, May 13). I do not know that the Derwentwaters, or to spell the name more correctly the Darwentwaters, had any house in Newcastle. There is a house in the Side, used as a restaurant, called Derweutvvater House, but there is no sufficient reason for assuming that it was occupied by the Radcliftes. The fireplace on the basement hoor is of carved oak. The work is divided into sections separated by pilasters, the panels being imcu m vvitn scroll work, the design extending up to the ceiling Since the. fireplace was put in the room has evidently been altered the room indeed having been divided into sections. This is evident from the design on the ceilm which is at present whitewashed, and appears to be of plaster, although it may be of oak like the panelling which is probably more modern than the carved work of the fireplace. The orgmal staircases have all been removed at some time or other. The room above was originally much larger than ,t is; but the old fireplace, which, like the one below faces the street, remains. This room has been converted into a dmmg room by tho present occupier. The upper room is more interesting than that below. The wall over the fireplace is divided into panels. In the centre are the arms carved in relief of the original ith the Derwentwaters. On each side of the arms is a panel carved m strong relief. One represents the Death of Abel, and the other the Death of Goliath. The work is in a most perfect condition. The ceiling and the position of the fireplace show that like the room beneath, and those on the next floor, it has been cut up into sections. The joists of the ceiling are a series of geometrical figures, on which are vine loaves and grapes. The carving in the upper rooms if there ever was any, has long since been removed in Hie division and sub-division of the apartments into bed rooms Iv. tr. hAl'QX, Rev. Pjs ucival Stockd.ue (Courant, May 18). Pcrcivi Stockdale was the son of the Rev Thomas Stookdale vicar of Branxton. He was educated at Alnwick and Berwick and on the death of his father entered the army as a lieutenant in the 23rd Regiment of Foot, in which he served for some time. Afterwards he entnrud tlio nj,,,-i, j . " ceived deacon's orders from Dr Trevor, Bishop of Durham" Subsequently he went to London, where he spent his time society oi w.rrick, ur jobnson, Dr Brown, formerly vicar of Newcastle, and Goldsmith. Next, he lame curate to the Vicar of Berwick, but in a short time gave up his curacy, and went out to Italy. On his return in 17B0 he translat ed Ta sso' b A minta and succeeded Dt Guthrie order ?! "?eriflR Io 17S2 he to S ffitfCi'STP? yea-rvWa? Pt6dbPy Lord Dnkp nf v 1:lo,v'to,thelmneotLesburyJ to which the IJuke of Northnmberlancl added that of Lonhoughton tf l JilZT lr8gedy of Simenes." In consefuenoe tur n wrf lealt"e Pfoeeeded to Tangiers, and on his re-an d,abo:r?,te history of Gibraltar. He wrote L P08.' Published lectures on the poets ; he also TW p. lrS v lm' hich he dedicated to Miss Jane r1fcer. the novelist. He died at Lesbury on September 14, lfell, aged 78 years. John R. Tcenee. Ed-.vin as i) Emma (Ccmmnt, May 13.) This hai.lcss couple lie buried in Bowes Churchyard. Their real names were Boger Wrightson and Martha Railton. In the year 1S4S, the late Dr Dinsdale erected a monument to their memory outside the west end of the church. It bears th- following inscription :" Roger Wrightson, jun., and Martha. Railton, both of Bowes. Buried in one grave He cued m a fever, and upon tolling his passing bell, she c-v'd out my heart is broke, and in a few hours Expired, purely through Love, March 13, 1714-15." This unWammatical inscription is copied from a record in the parish books, -TllT'm110 hl lm?Sifed that the author of the Teesdale Glossary," and other works, would write it in that manner. Appended are tho following linesT- ,.m'.', S!,ch,ii1 e b,rief antl touching record coiuamed m the Parish P,egistcr ol Burials. It has i,een hnntied down by unvarying tradition that the grave was at the west end of the church, directly beneath the bells. faithful overs forms the subject ot Mallet s pathetic balla of l'.(hvin and Emim. SSbJSkSmS f J'0Ur oorresl10 wffl furnish a copv of by Somerseta.5apreaclier to Cailisle, Berwick, and Newcastle and was afterwards called by the Archbishop of ork to a be nehce in Hull. While at St. Andrew's, wL o Knox preacned with him, he had a yearly pensioi of 20 from Henry III. Uu the accession of Queen Mary he fled to the Continent where he lived by knittins. But "Iackin" yarn, he came oyer to London to provide it, and attaching himself to a secret society as minister, was be raved by t tailor and burned. Bough and Dr Watson wercur ouSlv associated in life and persecution. When in theToHh Lough saved Dr Watson's life, -'when endangered bfl sermon that ho had made there." Afterwards, he was pre siding at Loughs examination, and detected him to te a pexmcioiis heretic. Why, sir,-' cried Rough, " is this the reward I have for saying your life, when you reached erroneous doctrines in the days of King Edward VI"?" ''Vat son was a prisoner during Elizabeth's reign, for a quarter of a centuiy, on account of his opposition to her ecclesiastin-il supremacy. Rough's prosecution and martyrdom are fuUv detailed byFc-s. B, T. " J THE J neveb bepokb A SAPPHIEE RING. By RICHARD DOWLDSTG. Author of the "Mystery of Sillard," " Under St. Paul's, :i The 'Weirc! SisteM,' CHAPTER XVI. The Chanub op Respite. When Evelyn Leulhwait found himself clear of his father's house he turned to the right and without regarding in the le.ist the way he took wslked hastily onward. He had only two objects in view, to get away from the town and avoid his own home. All his thoughts were! in chaos. He.eonld not settle his mind down to anything The sunlight had left the world, and the savour had gone cut of life, and it would be better he were dead. Life was not worth living on the new terms fate meant to impose on him. What those terms were he did not exactly know yet. All that was now clear to him was that everything which had been worth having had suddenly been withdrawn from him. What ! Jerald Leuthwait an embezzler ! If he had been told so by any other lips than his father's he would have treated the thing as an excellent joke. Ay, if his father had told it to him of an ordinary morningand under ordinary circumstances he would have treated it as a joke, or as the delusion of an overworked and breaking down brain. But there was now no room for dmibt Woi t , " a aiaim TO com- polled the old man to speak, to play his last card, make his final appeal. Nothing but desperation could have driven him to make that awful confession. If Walter had continued in Blacklawn Prison how long more should his father hav been able to keep his secret? Who could tell. Somehow or other the ghastly fact would have been revealed, but not for some time; not perhaps until his father's death Even that would have been better. Anything would have been better than that this crey-haired old man should have to stand up in a dock, oh God! and answsr !. bezziement. Unfortunately for him his thoughts were clearing. What! His father! Embezzlement! Monstrous! That must not be. That should not be. It must be prevented How? His father had shown him how. If he married Helen he could affect to have received her money, and then all would be right. Helen had no relations living, and the other people concerned in the will had'neverdoneanything more than sign the necessary documents, and express the utmost confidence in his father. Everthing outside the transaction between himself and his father would be merely formal. And if this were done his father and mother, he himself, and the business would be saved and more, not even Helen would be the worse. Helen had now lost a large portion of her fortune, one-half about. That could not be got back in any way. But if he married her and took over the business, allowing his father a small income out of it, she would have the enjoyment of, say, six thousand a year, in lieu of her two hundred thousand misapplied. That seemed to be the only avenue to reparation now left open. But then this one avenue was beset with difficulties which equalled the obstruction in any other. He did not want to marry Helen; Helen did not want to marry him, and he had bound himBelf beyond the power of recall to do all he could to further Walter's plans and hopes. What then was to bo the outcome of this dreadful situation? He asked the question a thousand times to dismiss it unanswered. When the picture of his father standing in tiie dock arose to his mind ho almost lost his reason. It seemed as though no other disgrace in all the world's history could equal this which was about to fall upon his house. No doubt other men who held good positions, who had been respected and looked up to, but then he had not known them intimately as he had known his father. His heart was not around about them as it was about him. They were merely name3, forrmilie in a newspaper. He had not seen their tears fall! He had not seen their hearts bleed. It would kill his father. Or worse than that, he would linger on in a hideous captivity such as that from which Walter had just escaped. How Helen and he used to grieve over Walter's miserable lot among those men worse than savage beast3 back there at Blacklawn. What ! His father at Blacklawn or some other convict prison. The thought was unendurable. The thing should never be. It had been bad enough to think of Walter oemg tnere,- but Walter was young and innocent. Yes that was the most dreadful thought of all ; his father was guilty. The innocent man in captivity has two sustaining thoughts denied to the guilty, the consciousness of his innocence and the hope his innocence will be vindicated. But his old, broken-down father herding with these low coarse villains whose only ambition was to out-do one another in crime. The idea was simplyintolerable. What-might be, that should not come'to pass. But if that was not to be, how could it be avoided ? As to the thought of his marrying Helen, tbat of course was ludicrous. And indeed, even if he and Helen had been free 10 marry ana were inclined to marry he would not be party to a fraud in the way suecested. What ! Would not be party to a fraud after tho act to ms mra latner rrom a telon's cell when his father had committed the fraud solely because he had over reached himself in trying to do the son good, in trying to place his son in a position superior to that of any other man in Lan-mouth? Was this virtue .orjngratitude ? It looked very like the latter. AUer all waat harm did being an accessory after the fact " UI1B "one wnatever. 'i'ne evil was done beyond the power of undoing, and no earthly feood could corns of disclosure and conviction. From the legal point of view no wu"1" "as noi aesiraoie to allowsuch a principle. But then he was not a lawyer or a policeman, and the criminal was his own father. But then, of course, his marriage with Helen was as much out of the question as his marriage with the Queen of Madagascar. If Walter had not escaped all might have been well until his father died. Now all would be discovered in a few months. Of course Helen would not marry, Walter would not allow her, until every shilling of her money had been properly settled, and any lawyer would find out the embezzlement at once. There was, however, another thing to be thought of which had now struck him. The authorities would in the end, no doubt, suspect, though they might never be able to prove, that Helen, and even himself, had something to do with the escape.. If they made any connection between the schooner Sapphire and the escape, they could not help coming to the conclusion that Helen was connected with the flight. In any case, if Helen left the country now, it being well known since the trial that she had been engaged to Langley, the police would naturally watch her movements in the belief that she was leaving to join him. If Helen tried to realise her property, there would be still greater attention attracted towards her, and it would be almost impossible for her to get to him without her betraying his hiding place. Here was, C,,B, o. means oi gaming time. It would be no more than he ought to do to caution Helen against too much haste. In common prudence she could not do anything for some time; how long he could not say. Evidently when his father had spoken to him that morning it was under the impression that a few days, or at most, weeks, would expose the real position of affairs. Here now was a respite. It would not be prudent for Helen to act definitely for months, perhaps for years. There was salvation in the thought. It had not occurred' to him until now. What a stupid creature he had been not to think of it before. He would go back, see Helen at once, and explain the difficulty which lay before the speedy realisation of her scheme. No doubt she would see not ouly the prudence but the absolute necessity of delay. ' Young Leuthwait had by this time walked a Ion- wav from home, and when he turned round to return, he found the sun had long ago passed the zenith, and upon lookin' at his watch, he discovered that it was three o'clock. He, however, knew wliHvf ho ni ,3 .. u.. a, . "i uuan uy caKin a road to the left a little later on, he should come upon a ....., U11) illiu, Wmvu ne couw get back in a circuitous way to Lanmonth. He quickened his pace, and in less than half an hour entered the booking office. The next train did not start for an hour. What was to be done? Nothing at all seemingly, for it was one of those wretched roadside stations at which there was no chance of gettmgevenafiy, There was a village hard by, but that did not boast a single conveyance of any kind that carried passengers for hire. He could not walk ; i i.u. three hours. By taking the train due in an hour or so he might hope to get back to Lanmouth at about five o'clock Nothing better could be done, so he resolved to wait and take the train. There was hardly a more depressing place in all England than that wretched way-side station, with penthouse " wait-mg room, and squalid deserted booking office. While his weary wait lasted, his spirits gradually declined. He felt lonely, deserted, forlorn. All round him was a beatiful summer landscape full of sunlight and perfume, and the song of birds. But the beauties of nature could not cheer his spirit. He sat apart from all that might cheer or enliven. With his hat drawn over his eyes, he awaited the train in that shabby shed. Walking had stimulated his thoughts. Now that stimulant had been withdrawn, and he felt cold, notwithstanding the heat of the day. At last the train drew up, and he took his seat. He had been up very early that morning, in fact he had not lain down for more than a couple of hours the night before he "au " "UB al morning and a long walk that afternoon. His mind, which had been strongly exercised lately, within the past fourteen hours was now in a way at rest, and before he had gone a couple of miles on his way home he had fallen asleep. Ho had to change once, but no sooner had he got into his right carriage again than a-'am he went to sleep. When at last he got home in was five o'clock. H learned that his father had gone to his room "not verv well " and that he would not be down for dinner. Miss Courtney was the servant believed, in the drawing room alone So far all a as as Evelyn desired. Without any loss of time he had saalone?3 f0Una Hlea as the sert After a few inquiries as to how she felt after the mornin and a few common places, young Leuthwait said, "Helen I have been for a very long walk and I have thought a good deal about you and Walter and the future, and I think I have discovered a difficulty which we have not yet considered." "And what is that?" she asked placidly, clasping her hands in her lap and looking up at him. "Well, you see, we shall have to be very careful not to attract any attention to you or your movements for awhile or the authorities might think it worth while to have you watched, led if you watched and if von attpmntod fn Walter quickly they might run him to earth and so spoil all we have done." "I did not cou at on that. I did not count on that," she said musingly. "It was very good of yon, Evelyn, to have thought of if. What had we better do?" I leave myself altogether in your hands, Evelyn." Tho confidence of the srirl smntn Viim 1-1,0 i,n-i Tin...,. he had said was dictated by the best of good intentions for NEWCASTLE COURANT, FRIDAY, MAY 20 1881. her safety and happiness, but there was a motive behind his Words and well intenrTp.d Tnoonino- ,V,,pl, maa V,Ir fool Unr - ' -vuu, tiu.vu UlLU EU W1' and contemptible before this simple and trusting girl. Then all at once lie felt he had undertaken a task too great for him. He became convinced that he could uot wear a mask and talk to her as he saw her now. He rose and Baid, "I have told my father all. He and I am to speak the matter over. I think, Helen, it will be better if wo make up our minds to adopt no course until I have snoken to him again. I am to meet him to-night, and will let you kaow u hat he says to-morrow. " . " That will be best," she murmured. " I willleave all to you and him." And as she spoke Evelyn went out of the room feclinf himself to be for the first time in his life a contemptible h)i ocrite. CHAPTER XVn. T: . . .... turner was to Jivelyn that day a horrible formality. He had had no luncheon and his walk had given him a good appetite, but he ate mechanically not knowing or caring what he ate. He knew he must eat something and he took the first thing that came to hand. Helen was silent and thoughtful, and hardly spoke during the whole meal, and Mrs Leuthwait was still indignant with her son for having disturbed her husband at breakfast that morning. Not twenty sentences beyond those necessary to the meal were spoken. It was better so. The mind of each of the diners was full to overflowing oL thoughts best unuttered. There was no common ground of interest for the time between the I hree. Mrs Leuthwait thought Walter's escape a matter of no moment when compared with the unfavourable effect the announcement of it had on her husband. Helen did not thick Mr Leuth wait's illness anything more serious than disagreeableness at the fact that his nephew had got off. She was pondering what should be her next step in the face ot the point raised by Evelyn. After all it was not a matter of much importance whether an old man sulked in his room becauEe an an innocent young man had escaped from prison Evelyn although somewhat relieved by this chance of delay was still in a condition of great mental depression and apprehensiveness. All were glad when the dinner was over. When Evelyn found himself alone in the dining room, he drew an easy chair to the window opening on to the garden and hivine lighted a cigar fell into a reverie. He saw once more the ruin of his house, the disgrace of his family. He should not remain in England if the case became public. He should of course stand by hi3 unfortunate father until the trial was over. But then he should leave the country, go to Australia, Canada, India, no matter where so as it was far away from Lanmouth and all his early associations. He would find .some secluded work where no other Cornishman, no other man fresh from tho old country would ever come. But his mother, what of her ? She would not survive it. He was Bure of that. It would kill her. The bare allegation that his father had done anything wrong would be too much for her. She would sink under it. No, he could not leave England while his mother lived. She was too old fcn wui auu Miitt must net be left unsupported in her calamity besides . Stop! What was tbat? Ee leant forward and looked out intently. It was now dark, and shrubs in the shadows of trees were barely discernible. He had seen two figures pass by an opening in the tree. He was sure he had seen tiro figures, and he was almost certain they were the figures of his father and mother. Yes, beyond all doubt they were his father and mother walking in the garden together at close to ten o'clock. This was most unusual. He did not remember to have seen his father m the garden after nightfall before. His father was leaning 011 the arm of his mother, another thing he had never seen the old man do until to-night. O sorrowful, today and to-night, what changes had they wrought! What havoc had they done! It was likely the old man had grown impatient of the restraint of the house, and had asked his mother to walk with him for a while in the cool of the night. No doubt his father was very anxious as to the interview about to take place between them, and wished to cool and collect himself before it. Considering the hour it was, and that his father usually retired for the night at eleven, Evelyn thought it would he best for him to go to the library and there await the coming of his father. It would not be respectful to keep the old man waiting a minute at such an hour, and under existing circumstances. So he rose and walked across the passage into the library. The dining-room and library were both in the back of the house. Both looked into the garden. Both had glass doors opening upon the gravel path that ran the whole length of the house. There was no light in the room, except that of a shaded lamp on the centre table, so that all the room, with the exception of the table and a small circle around it, was but dimly illumined. Evelyn drew a chair to the table and satdown with his loft hand towards the door opening on tho garden. He sat thus m the light, that his father if he passed might see he was waiting. The young man then took up one of the pictorial weeKly papers, and mechanically turned over a few mre, He had not, h owever, long to wait. In less than a quarter of an hour the door from the garden opened, and his grey- ua.icu iC0UJB lamer walked mto the room and shut the door after him, He advanced slowly to the table, and havin-taken a chair directly opposite his son, sat down with a heavy sigh. As the two men thus sat, the left hand of the younger and the right hand of the elder were towards the window! The end of the table was about dozen feet from the window. The table was a large one, and as their chairs were opposite the middle of the table, which was a long one the father and son were about fifteen feet from the door into the garden. As the two men sat they could not see very distinctly the garden door, but as it was of glass, and the lambent radiance of summer night was around the door itself, formed a broad parallelogram of lucent opal in the darkness. For a considerable time neither spoke. Each was giving the other time, for each felt he himself wanted time. The old man broke silence: ''Well, my son, have you thought over what I asked you to do? "I have thought over the whole thing, father." " But only one portion of it affects you." "Pardon me, sir, you must not eay that. All that affects you affects me most powerfully, most intimately." " Well, well, well, my son, go on. I am listening" 8ee ai,r'" Baid Svelyn- drawing his chair nearer to the. table, and leaning across it, " Walter is now a convict at large, and until he gets a free pardon, and until he has an assurance he will not be brought up for breaking gaol both of which I hope may toon be, he will have to be very careful in all he does, and so dll Helen have to be very careful for his sake." "Go on." "You see, sir, it would therefore be most unwise oE Helen to take any hasty step, such aa leaving the country and following him. If she did that just now, it would inevitably lead to his capture, and then things would be worse with him than ever." "Yes." "Well, this necessary delay on her part will give you irnie to look about you." "And when I have done looking about me, Evelyn what then?" "Surely, sir, if you had a year or two " "A year or two, my son ! What good could a year or two be to me ? Do you think by any chance I could get together tiro hundred thousand pounds in a year or two ? Youknow Business too well to dream of such a thine " "But, father, sometimes wonderful things turn up in a tiveryn, we must not play with this matter. We must not befools over it. We must face it. hnllT ,i , 1 uenuc to-nigiit, j.ne only thing that could in any way J no iuu,i menu matters 111 a year or two wniilfl hn oan, Tt 4.U..J. . " - "V -iun. l,u,4lj couid m anyway mend matters why delay it. Why should "cuoi menu mem now, nere r Oh, sir, you should not say such dreadful thinus " 1-1...- i., .,, . .- 51 ' j-iicu isi. us uo mem wicnout saying them. "Let us be men and talk reason." Very well, Evelyn. Let us as you say be men and talk reason. v 111 yon marry .Helen Courtney and save me from death or gaol ? That is the only question we as men have to consiuer. My dear father, you know such a thing is out of the question, "Then my continuing to live, Evelyn, is out of tho question too." "You really must not say such things, sir." " When I give up saying I begin doing, Evelyn, Evelyn, I did more than this for you, more than you even yet dream of. More than I yet durst tell even you." "What, sir? Do I not know tha worst yet. Ps all Helen's fortune gone? " i.o no, not tnat. 1 must not tell yon, but in pity's uu x asu you, Jivelyn, and save an old man from worse than death." The young man shook his head sadly. "Then if you must know all you shall, if it were only to horrify you into doing what I ask you. Give me a mo-merit. While the old man rested his head on his hand, and the young man gazed in fearful anticipation upon his father, the door from the garden to the libnrry opened once more, and a man entered the room. So deeply were father and son absorbed, they did notice his entrance or approach waited111 St0d WheQ hB reahed th8 ead f the tabIa and J "'.Lthwf4t rai9ca his headend looking across the lu t r Saltciuiet1 " You remember the attempt to sink the barque Sapphire ?" "1 do," said the last comer without moving, "and I doiaTu" t0 PrVe mit0r LaDsl8-Tliad aothiDsto " Good God ! it is Walter himself, back from the schooner fcapphire ! cried young Leuthwait as both men rose to their feet, " Back from the gallows !" cried the old man, cramped with horror. "Yes, uncle," said Langley quietly, "with my hands washed white." TO EE CONTINUED.) The tomb of Salali-et-Din, the celebrated antagonist of Richard L, has been recently found at Aleiroo in the ruined mosque erected over his grave AlePP The island of Cyprus is overrun with locusts which are maWng fearful ravages among the wheat croo Great mdignatwn is felt by the inhabitant! at the ineffectual measures taken by the authorities for their deduct on The barley crop is bad through blight. uescruction. The Pans correspondent of the Times statpcs n,-t the Minister of Public" Works proposes to&S light now employed in four lighthouses, to tL remainin 42, at an expense of 7,000,000f., another' 1.0$MM ml also expended m steam trumnet sitmiilq r, ' V?'us '"SbJ "earner. On Saturday afternoon, the tvro favourite neacock-s of the late Lord BeaconsBeld were forwarded from Hu-hen-den Manor to Her Majesty the Queen at WindTor Castle by her desire After their arrival Her Majesty, PrincS Beatrice and Fnnce Leopold drove to the Eoyal aviary to guft and fg Itotm Messrs Dalziel Brothers are printing at their Camden Press an edition de luxe of Birket Foster's "Pictures of English Landscape," which will be limited to one thousand numbered copies. Mr J. Meadows Cowper has undertaken to compile a concordance to the Revised New Testament. The book will be published on an early date. A Hungarian translation of Miss Arnold-Forster's Life of Deak has been published by the Franklin Compauy, Budapest. Sir William Harcourt wrote the biography of Lord Bea-consfield which appeared.in the Times. Dr Jusserand has undertaken to write a short History of English Literature in one volume for French Bchools. A new novel by Mr Julian Hawthorne will begin before long in one of the leading magazines. The title ia Fortune's Fool. Constantinople is rejoicing over the possession of a complete and valuable directory produced by a British subject, Mr Cervati, and entitled "LTndicateur Ottoman." Messrs Kivingtons have published the " Annual Register" for 1SS0. Mr Murray has just issued a volume of "English Studies," by the late Rev J. S. Brewer, with a preface by Professor n ace. A series of sketches of "Journalistic London," by Mr Joseph Hatton, will be one of the most interesting new features of Harper's Magazine. Her Majesty has been graciously pleased to accept a copy of Mr Francis Eitchmam's "Public Life of the Earl of Beaconsfield." The correspondence of Talleyrand and Louis XVIII. during Congress of Vienna will soon appear at Plon's. The letters given are taken from the original documents in the Foreign Office, to which access was given to M. Thiers when he was writing his history of the Empire. Millais's portrait of Lord Beaconsfield and Mrs Butler's painting of Sorke's Drift have both been sent to the Royal Academy, by royal command. An art and industrial exhibition will be held in St. Andrew's Hail, Plymouth, from May 23rd to' June 20ih. Prizes to the total value of 200, in the form of medals, together with one-third of the profits, are offered to exhibitors. A society has recently been founded at Calcutta for the encouragement of Bengali literature. Mr Terry has purchased a new comedy from Mr Henry J, Byron, and hats paid 1,000 for it. All Paris ie talking about a wonderful new tenor who appeared the other night at the Chateau d'Eau in the " Trovatore." Madame Adelina Patti does nit intend to remain much longer upon the operatic stage. She has already decided upon taking leave of her English and American admirers next year, giving farewell operatic performances in London and upon the Continent in the spring, and concluding with an engagement of eight months' duration in America. NOTE BOOK OF AN AMATEUR GEOLOGIST. The author of this note book appears to have been a most industrious note-taker aa well as observer and rambler. Mr'.Lee has two hobbies, geology and archawlogy, and these appear to have led him over a very large portion of Europe as well as Great Britain. His notes were not descriptive merely. Besides carrying a geological hammer in his pocket he had with him the drawing materials of a sketcher and the result is an accumulation of exceedingly interesting and valuable drawings of rocks, strata, and scenery. Mr Lee seems to have studied Professor John Phillips to some purpose, and having a recollection of him he tells us that he was a bright extempora lecturer. He has been heard to saj that he never wrote a lecture in his life, and his fluency in speaking was extraordinary. "He studied," says Mr Lee, "not only geology, but, as a good geologist ought to do, he paid attention to every department of natural history; he has frequeutly been seen walking through the streets of York in the company of half-a-dozen entomologists, with an insect net over his shoulder. But he was more at home with a hammer in his hand, and studied the other departments of nature with a view especially to their bearing on his favourite science." How thoroughly he did this any one with similar tastes who has tramped through the North and East Ridimrs can testify. Mr Lee admits his obligations to Professor Phillips, as we dare say many by-and-by will admit their obligations to Mr Lee. His note book is a book of over 200 plates and dia-F'am9. representing wfcat is wonderful in strata and fossils in Northern and Southern Europe, with just sufficient text to explain each drawing and create the desire to see the localities themselves. Now 'and again is recorded the result of observations which are not illustrated by diagrams. Thus for instance, the Gilmer glacier, in the neighbourhood of Zermatt, is now actually advancing, though not at railway speed. He says : " A visit was paid to its front or termination, where the ground is perfectly even and covered with a fine sod. In front of the glacier was a huge rock, about twelve feet high, which the ice was pushing forward so as to cut up the ground as with a huge ploughshare A stake was driven into the turf in front, precisely four feet t im o e roc' ' distance was measured at noon on July 3, 1S37. On July 5, at six in the evening, it was again measured, and in 54 hours the distance was nearly a3 possible three-quarters of an inch short, thus givin" the -.m. im, ua ciuavuui, ten incites, iii course the glacier, in all probability, moves much faster than the rock, but there are not equal facilities for measur- -"6 ui uuc ice. It is impossible for great masses of rock and ice to be thus moved without leaving permanent impressions of glacial action, and we find that plate 143 is the ground plan of some very remarkable ice-scratches at Port Madoc in North Wales. The place is unfortunately now destroyed and built over. Mr Lee says: "The surface was not plane, but there were two or three shallow furrows the whole of which were scratched, evidently by ice and some of the scratches were from 50 to 80 feet in length. One peculiarity was this : The slope of the ground so scratched was not. as it would have been imagined, from the high hills of the neighbourhood, but rather towards them. The place was best observed by looking over a low wall, and the higher hills might be seen without turnmg the head, so that the glacier which caused the scratches, must have curved somewhat like the modern Corner glacier in Switzerland, or there must have been higher hills behind the spectator, which have now sunk down." Another experiment was made on the Riffelberg, where it is said the mariner's compass will not act, probably from the quantity of iron in the mountain. " When on the Kiffelrugel, on the way to Bothenbogeu," says the writer, ' it happened to be precisely noon when we examined our compasses, and the shadow thrown by the sun appeared to point llue north, not allowing anything for variation; so that there can be no doubt about the truth of tho assertion that on the Eiffel there must be something which makes the. compass incorrect." This reminds us that one of the plates is a sketch of the Taborg mountain, near Jonkoping, inSweden. It is almost a solid mountain of iron ore. " There seems to be one bed of gneiss, and several very thin beds or veins of serpentine otherwise the whole mountain, said to be about 1 G00 'eet high, is one mass of ore. There is a blast furnace fast goin to decay, as it is not worked, probably from the depression of the times; but one would have imagined that such pure ore would have repaid working." Another plate gives eome idea of the famous quarry of copper chalk at Faxoe, in Denmark. The country for miles round this vUlage is nearly a dead fiat, but near the villa-e or hamlet the Faxoe beds, as well as the under-lying white chalk, are forced up into a low dome-like form. The Faxoe beds almost entirely consist of a mass of corals with a few Crustacea; the mineral character of some of the beds resembling very curiously the Permian limestone of Humbleton Hill. Among other phenomena illustrated is what is called the Coal Hili Dike, m Northumberland, in-which a large dike of whinstone or trap passes through the coal bed, and materially alters the nature of the coal. " The dike," says Mr Lee, is about twenty-two feet in width, and is quarried for roadstone, thus leaving the coal standing, so as to be easily examined. That part of the coal which actually touched the dike appears as it were fused, while foi about Sr? j on one side' and fottr or five feet on ihe other, the bed of coal was chanced into actual coke ; and more than this. th. rnko ie fny anma inAl,nn ,v,J ji columns Deing norizontsl, or at right angles with the dike itself. In fact, where the ' fused ' part had fallen off, the prisms, or rather the ends of them, had a very singular appearance, and looked almost like the well-filled shelves of a large pencil-maker's shop. Of course the illustrations include such places as the Mal-bam Cave, briefly described last autumn in the Courant, in a Midland Railway Tour ; the natural arch, Oxarch Bay the natural cyclopean wall of granite, at Goat Fell, as well as many other views, entirely new, of marked geological chaiacter. As Mr Lee is also an arch.-eologist, and has in the course of his rambles, made similar memoranda, it is hoped he will likewise publish these, MAY MAGAZINE LITERATURE. A Ntjesisg Sisterhood. Alexander Strahan continues his papers on "Twenty Years a Publisher's Life" in the Day of Rat, and introduces us this month to Charles Kingsley. The same number contains an account of a Nursing Sisterhood, in which we read: The Sisters of the Poor of St. Michael's Shoreditch, bean their good work under the auspices and protection of the vicar of the parish. The origin of the Sisterhood was unpretending m the extreme. Some sixteen or seventeen years ago, two ladies were prompted by a most self-denying impulse to take up their residence permanently among tho poor, so as to assist them to the utmost of their power, especially such as were sick, ignorant, and outcast. Having looked around to see where wretchedness was "reat-est, they selected a densely-crowded and much impoverished locality near St. Michael's Church, Shoreditch. Their first step was to secure a room in a lodging-house inhabited by the poorest of the working classes. Here they had not long to wait before they learnt by practical experience, some .of the discomforts to which many of their poorer fellow-creatures had to submit. The first night they soaDt there, long before morning they had ample proofs that' the habitation they had selected was not only dirty and without drainage, but that it was infested with vermin of various Kinds. It was, however, notwithstanding these disadvantages, the beat in the neiphhnnrfmr,rl f. fi,n x, , . - -.v. Aujf i.ufio prismrtuc, rne had m view, and they couraeeouslv set tn wnrt ;f i. rnske the dwelling thoroughly comfortable, at any rate to render it less objectionable than they had found it. So soon as the Sisters were once fairlv pstflKIielir 1,, u - -- ......v4, IlcJr uuau men-labours m earnest. They visited the sick poor, taught the ignorant, fed the hungry, clothed the naked, and reclaimed ; . rv , J , juuieu mem, ana friends gathered round them; including soma of almost every religious denomination, And here it should be stated uuau wi j-uui, unuuL'uuui, sue wnoie ot their career, have never asked for assistance to further their own icniiiuuo v,u,ya. gretu, interest tile Sisters took m the incurable sick, especially in the cases of the aged and children, gradually so developed that, unconsciously to themselves, it became the leadintr obiecfc of h,v tion. At length, in the year 1870, they issued an appealto tnelr friends, flskmc for fntuic fn K,mT.1 n J r uusuiuu ror the reception of such sufferers. And as nursmg had now erown to be the mam occupation of their lives, we will omit anv description of their other charitable labours, meritorious is they indisputably were, and follow the Sisters in ther mission as skilled nurses. In tbat capacity they have proved to demonstration, that education and refinement in women so far from rendering them less efficient in ihe science of o-.-.-j - .uv.vjio uueic aptitude. The hopeful wording of their appeal fcr assistance, showing the r fionvirtinn that, it wnnlrl jt ' . o ui,5 ---- j .uiowercn rormeu a singular contrast to their friendless condition some five vears before when the two Sisters first spoken of took up their ridVnn in the Iccalitv. Tr tw tj ,i , re.aiaence 4. ii V , , "'i inenus max the nett in which they were held by those who best knew them. A Mercantile Marine College. The Nautical Magazine pleads for an institution of this Kind: There cannot be a question that a Mercantile Marine College is one of the requirements of the time, andZt F f 5 A ,T f'lr eo!oist- By John Biiivib,, i.O.b., i.h.A, London: Lo.Vuiii.vs. S ,i f-f fture wel 'beinof the merchant service. im f 10D' on a sound basis, and for the important purposes roughly indicated in this programme, would take rank with the colleges of the medical thf it eSlcn"S Professions. Especially would it bl r.LTf li- ieSti.abllshlIlg an Sfe corps among the Ir,T,Sr a h&tFr,e8ent is 80 picuous by its absf nee; and under a changed system they would speak with the be elated The value of institution could not the lafe If X Jhe P"?e li WffWoost, and, such being oAhTZ'J eoeive wtthout stint tQe Patronage thf, vT1ops Chambers of Commerce, of Shipowners Sllv whYfriterS' SbiIfcers. and the pubUc gen"-Ztf r lef iated ii the efficient d 't 01fiI .sta?rW and welfare of those "whoso down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters!" A Misunderstood Popular Piibase.. Ttr.sZfjs Magazine continues the "Sceptre and Ring" ot li B. Buxton, andhas, in addition, a considerable amount ot other entertaining matter. Under the title " Hotels," we have notes upon several in various parts of the world. popular Phrasea Misunderstood and Misapplied" is brief but practical. The writer says: ' savW wMrhS LbS f t olicy"y mentioned as another saying which is often wrongly interpreted Of course, really honest people ate not likely to put any but the true construction upon that phrase, whic meaL. " honesty if aclu'ate'stheVlLrV'' is that ae TncentWe whU ect of mine and thine? " I fear not; forinstance, a ragded should1 ttS P"!econtaining money; be knows that 2 h,r , er, tne 7oer he sfc likely be re-"f ed,' and bealsoknowsthat, in the eventof his keeping the purse, he would almost certainly be detected and punished-t U f!i T bpe aDd Pfers not to run the risk reward of ?f f0'' &CS to his idea, is not the reward of a good conscience, but the prospect of a bit of silver as a recompense for his self-denial in not keepin-what does not belong to him I It would be well if parents and teachers wnnhl inonloao .. V "i""""" inc. and of oth f ST. 7Z: mCtUunS 01 tms say- Inscriptions on Swords. Blackwood's Matjasine sustains its high reputation as one of the most carefully written and well-edited of the higher class serials. Besides the political and other articles this month we have one on " The Sword," the results of much research and industry. A few sentences will show this : Then there are the inscriptions on the blades. Thev almost constitute a literature, in poetry and in piose For the most part they are brag and bluster ; but here and there some few of them are pious, wise, or silly The mighty glaive of Conrad Schenk of Winterstetten (4 feet 8 inches long, and4 inches wide), which is in the Dresden Museum, bears, m antiquated German, the tenderly ssvajr-germg advice "Conrad, dear Schenk, remember 1119 Do-not let Wmterstetten the Brave leave one helm uncleft." v LSZ0ld 0tmShe,s de Chateaubriand flashed in the sunlight the noble motto won by his ancestor in the fight at Eouvmes, "Mon sang teint les bannieres de France." In the Erbach collection is an old Ferrara blade, with the sige MVrIUe-V?fS Wit5the hand tht holds me A TM?Je PRrlB Cabmet de Medailles, is reverently in-scribed, There is no conqueror but God." The rapiers of Toledo were engraved in hundreds with the wise counsel Do cot draw me without reason, do not sheathe me withl out honour." The invocation of saints are very frequent and so are prayers, like " Do not abandon me, O faiW God, which is on a German sword in the collection at and ejaculations, liie the Arabic, " With the help "Pt1'111...-" There are vaunting me opunisn, iviien this viper stings there is no 1 cure im any doctor's shop;" and pompous announce-ments like the Sicilian, " I come;" the critical observa-tmns like the Hungartan, "He that thinks not as I do thinks tolsely;' and matter-of-fact declarations like "When I go tip you go down" (only that is on an axe). This "cutler poetry, as Shakespeare called it, presents itself all over burope, m all languages, mixed up with the maker's address 50WCeS, afmS; And eo' if yu 8 to Tol w and buy a dozen blades for presentation to your friends at home, you have their names engraved upon the steel, with some sonorous Castihan phrase of friendship and gift-offering. TEE DURHAM POLICEMAN'S DOG. The career of " Old Jack," the policeman's dog of Gates-head, is almost on all fours with that of " Old Jack" attached to the Durham City Police Force. The attachment, the sagacity, the peculiarities of the two are almost identical. It is a remarkable fact that the "policeman's dog" is invariably grave, and ever wears the aspect of one on whom a great responsibility rests. He never condescends to play the tricks of Omda s beauties; but deports himself as one holding an indirect commission from the State. At any rate such is the general demeanour of "Old Jack," the policeman s dog at Durham. Like his illustrious namesake of oatesnead, his career appears rohave beena chequered one ere he attached himself to the force. His antecedents can be traced no further back than four or five years ao, whn he seemed to be despised and rejected bv all except coal getteis in and the policeman to whom he attached himself auring the weary toilsome night watches. One' night "Old Jack, -who is a smooth black collie dog, with a strain of setter blood in him, found his way to the police station with a bruised paw The police took him in, nursed and cared for him; and from that day to this " Old Jack" has not shown himself unworthy of the kindness the police have always shown towards him. He is the favourite of all- re-Vilfd by none; and the trusted and faithful companion or each officer in turn, during manv a weary vigil. Many a tempting offer has been made to divert the attachment of "Old Jack" from those with whom for four years he has thrown in his lot, sharing their meals, gamboling with them in tbeir sport, and always on .-he alert to give timely warning and assistance when danger Wfl r.llrpaf.fiTio1 ll,ft,,l 1: , ,. . . & urauui h. policeman nave tne luck to apprehend a prisoner, then "Jack's" usefulness comes into full play; and to say the least of it, it was a usefulness of a remarkable character. As soon as the enevltable crowd gathered, Jack" sprung from side to side of the policeman, catching continually at the nether garments of the crowd, and by this means kspt a clear road to the lock-up never ceasing his movements until the ofieuding party was sa.rfy lodged in the cell. It is a. well-known fact that both the city and the county police have their head-quarters in the city of Durham. There is a great resemblance in the two uniforms; and the difference is certainly not so strikine as a dog might be expected to distinguish. But "Old Jack" has never disgraced his colours by following a county officer on his beat. He will not follow one of these a yard- but singularly enough, he has been known to go out with i new llty S6?' hifi-l'st round; and 80 loaS as the new man had Old J ack trudging in front of him, be needed no other chart to mark thecourseandboundaryof his beat. Wheacity and county officers have sometimes been together of an ?.V?minconce!:ted attnpts have been made to beguile Jack from the city "blue" by the tempting offer of a penny pie," but without avail, "Jack " invariably had sufficient wisdom to become possessed of the pie, but so far as he was concerned the bargainended there. " Old Jack " knows every yard of every city beat; and everv man of the torce from Head Constable Duns down to the latest addition to the staff. The lodging houses never escape "Jack's" notice. He visits every one of them with the sergeants on cluty. If oy chance he loses tho officer in going from one to the other, he is certain to be waiting at the door of the next house on the round. Like the Gateshead dos he nearly always falls in with the night men, and precedes them until the last man is told off. Then he will select his companion for the night, and if lazily inclined he will keep duty with the officer in reserve at tiie station. The Durham force is not possessed of a band, although we see no reason why it should not be; hence " Jack " has not many opportunities of mustering with the men on "great" occasions. "tt hen a chance does present itself, he somehow or other is sure to know it, and seems to be in possession of both, the present and prospective movements of his friends. r.TviX t ,"v" ""J"' on me atn ivovemoer last, Old Jack' preceded the force alongside Head Constable Duns, m the march from the Town Hall to the New Mayors residence on Western Hill, a distance of nearly a mile. We need scarcely say the members of the force are one and all as much attached to "Old Jack" as "Old Jack" himself is attached to them. We have said he never condescends to play tricks, but in the discharge of his duty he liaa the grim satisfaction of once placing a member of the lorce, who shall be nameless, in rather an awkward pedica- .- , 'w.i.v uS vuil hi nuession, wno was off night duty and strangely enough determined to take up his quarters for the night there, and consequently ensconced himself under the bed. It is proverbial that all policeman sleep soundly when they have the chance There was no exception or deception in the case under notic During the night one o tbe children wanted something and Mrs - not wishing to disturb her husband from lus well-earned repose, slipped out of bed and attended to the wants of her child. On returning however "Old Jack had something to say, and he sturdilv "lused to allow her to return to the side t w , a!ld msstet--" Ko persuasion could alter Jacks determination, and the cold by this time beginning to make the position and condition of the wife far trom agreeable, she was bound to awake her husband A word from the officer, and " Jack" soon coiled up, appa-ri ,yast,a.sleeP' Some tweU'e months ago, the town " nT Marshall), humorously suggested that UW Jack should have a collar indicative of his position. Ihe policemen needed no second reminder. They at once subscribed, and " Old Jack's" neck was adorned with a handsome collar, bearing the inscription (which, by the way, tne Gateshead constabulary seem to have either copied or borrowed), I am Jack, the Durham City policeman's dog, Yt nose dog are you?' Such is a brief resumi of "Old Jacks' connection with the Durham city force, and we have only to add, in Iconelusion, although many stories might be told about him, that his license is regularly subscribed for and purchased by the members of the force, and that no subscription levied is more joyously and un-grudgingly paid. A TRAIN STOPPED BY CATERPILLARS. The Bangitikei Advocate states that in the neighbourhood of lurakma, New Zealand, an army of caterpillars was marching across the railway line, bound for anew field of oats, when a tram came aloDg. Myriads of the caterpillars were crushed by the wheels of the engine, and suddenly the train came to a dead stop. On examination it was found that the wheels of the engine had become so greasy that they continued to revolve without advancing; they could not grip the rails. The guard and the engine-driver procured Band and strewed it on the rails, and the train made a fresh start; but it was found thatduringthe stoppage caterpillars in thousands had crawled over the engine and carriages, A SNIPE STOKY. A well known huntsman wrete to the Uannoiwhc Co: reS2Jondertz:"Iilnm. not mistaken, it is Siebert, who mentions in his interesting work 011 bird shooting that many birds, more particularly the different species of snipe are known to bandage' their wounds. This fact lias recently been fully confirmed. About seven years ago Oberamtmann l'elber m Dieteuborn brought down a snipe which bad a self -madp bandage of feathers. His account was incredulously smiled at at the time. Last week: we bad a drive' m the woods near Nordhausen, when Director Krohn shot a snipe, which Judge Mylius had hit 'on ?I wing' only three days before, causing the bhrd to flap. On examining the snipe found a bandage on the wounded spot, made of soft feathers about ,S fLv, -1 and a mniimeter thick so firmly pasted tog ther with b2 or some liquid prepared with the bill thl f 1 ? , remove it with thefinger. We neakd it off with ? L and as a rarity and remarkable" iusten F 1k"-fe' surgery, sent the bird and bandage to tnl 0rthol. Hunting Exhibition at Cleve e Iuterllational AMERICAN RECEIPTS FOR COOKING APPLES andPiflacJ,!'"D?iI:CG,'Ia,ie, and qrter a quart of apples, o ?bi , n, ,threTut b,sin. Cover them with a 1 Lyer Li h, tt Slb rlled R,ear5y atl illch Cut a large am ies Trl an,d ad,d efficient water to stew the S t J V, wltfc.a.olose fitting tin and put a smoothing th?al? Heep m p!aoe- Set oa t:te stove, and when sugar" "e thB Cre3t wm be aIso- Set ve hot with szrjf? A.K? CABBAGE.-Cut the cabbage and cook the S. f v ! Vv'hea nearly done turn in an equal quantity of sliced apples. Season with butter, pepper, and salt, and dish as soon as the apples are done. This method was given to my mother by an old gentleman who said that once m his life he founu it impossible to procure sugar and vinegar for seasoning apples and cabbages. They proposed cooking them together and liked them well. My mother tried it, and it was thereafter her favourite method. Applks and Onions. Boil the onions and when almost tenner add apples the same as with the cabbage. Season to suit the taste with butter, pepper, and salt, OUR LITERARY CLCB. TrxE: Tbe theologian is lost in thought to-night; he in present with us in body, but not in souL Tees : Meb-be he is soonding the depths of the new spekelation anent the do:treen of etarnal poonishment. But see, he is returning to his-sel; the soond of the word doctreen has interrupted his reeverie. Aw wonder what he has got to say? Weak: New speculation, did you say? A speculation wnich certainly dates back to the time of Origen is not new. lou do not speak quite correctly when you say that it concerns eternal punishment, because it has for its subject the non-eternal nature of future punishments. Origen, who taught and wrote about a.d. 215-250, believed that punishment is corrective and remedial, and that all creature, in-cluamg his Satanic Majesty himself, may, if they will, be restored to a state of perfection. Many of Origen's speculations had the merit of originality. This one was probably borrowed from Plato, or some later Greek author. ,-?? : you, aTe "Snt in 5your conjecture, the craze wh-.cn has flurried the orthodox divines of Westminster is indeed an old one. HWear : Procid , 0 procul este profani. Speak, if you wdl, of fortune-telhng and spiritualism as crazes, but apply not that term to the opinions of Origen. His head was the seat of a powerful intellect ; in his heart there beat a great heart He was a man of broad sympathies and of an affectionate disposition, and the idea of eternal punishment was repugnant to his feelings. He was, moreover, a ripe scholar, hem? well rpad m t.hp liMtn .. , mately acquainted with their ethical and religious system;. Conceive, then, this man, whose character we have rouichlv limned, living in the city of Alexandria, whose population was half 'heathen halt Christian, and daily associating, on the one hand, with the learned, polished, and polite professors ot Greek philosophy, whose minds were imbu-d wiuu -cmionism; ana on tne otlier hand, with the zealous courageous, and high-minded teachers of Christianity, who' with all their virtues, were somewhat impatient of contradiction, and strongly prejudiced against the old and effete religious systems is it matter for surprise that Origen's neart revolted against the idea that all those amiable heathens were condemned to unutterable and everlasting torments in the next world, or that he should have sought a way of escape for them by endeavourin" to weave into the Christian system all that was best and truest m ancient philosophy? The idea that the punishment winch awaits tbe wicked after death is of a purgatorial and remedial and not of a vindictive and retributive character is tound in several ancient authors, and the gentle Ori-en seizing upon that idea, first adopted it as part of his Swn . heliei, and then strove to convince both himself and others that it was m harmony with the teaching of Scripture. . 1IS.E: Ah! Wear, you take my breath away. The religious world is all agape with astonishment at the promulgation of what is almost universally considered to be a new article of faith. Orthodox believers are in a state of fear and trembling; the heterodox are in a state of ecstacy. The former whisper each other, " What next, and next?" The latter are calling out, "What a beautiful idei-so S'tfiWailf iS0 Btrlki?gly ia harmony with the divine th?Vf -Ve rd ,Qery"-when, lo! it turns out that the idea is a twice-borrowed one, and the arguments adduced m support of it have been many times reproduced and as often refuted. Our 19th century divines are not distinguished for their originality ; in this instance they have been drawing from ancient Alexandrian wells. Surely f4,LI'5-' '-et as drop the even; we Tynesiders should speak of the Jvorthern Alma Mater in unqualified terms of praise, bne has now for some years been ministering to our intel- leusuai wants; ana recently she doubled her attentions by the adoption of the Extension Scheme, wherebv she has placed within the reach of our mechanics and artisans, aye and our Ktrnnrr-TYnn TQt,;aD si j-k- i J r.---" - menus 01 acquiring a knowledge of history and natural science. Ttsb : I see it is announced in this morning's papers that she is about to confer still greater privileges upon tbe fair s-x hy admitting such members of it as shall fulfil the requirements respecting residence and standing to her public examinations and the degree of B.i. Let us pause and contemplate for a short space, some of the effects upon society of sncn a degree. Miss Letitia Jemima will then be able to write B.A. after her name. Tees: And to appear in public with the rabbit-skin badge upon her shoulders and the square cap upon her CSpUw 1yEA,BLAn4 sfe be abIe to 1uofce Homer and Horace m her letters to Harry. Tees: And she will then have a legitimate excuse for hiding her eyes behind a pair of green specs. Tyke: The Northern University appears to have entfed upon a career f great usefulness. Her influence is e-tending, her degress are more highly appreciated than thv were formerly, her college and halls are full with students For many years the light which is set upon the hill at Durham flickered feebly and was in imminent risk of being totally eclipsed bv the incomparably stronger lights m the South of England; but it has recently shn out more brightly, and many people who a short time a"o were not even aware of its existence have now turned th'iv eyes towards it. May it continue to prosper siy I .tn: C!u,r fri?nd Tees was a11 alo,v with poetic fervour the other night when he described the natural beauties of his aaie. I, too, might boast somewhat of the scenery of tteaidale if I were so minded. I was born amon mountains, and spent my tender years in deep valleys" Or I might take up your strain, Father Tyne, and say that mv banks are the scene of busy industry, where are produced things useful to man. But there are in Weardale other subjects more worthy of man's attention than prettv scenery and the means of physical support. The good work which is being done by the Durham University has already been mentioned. That University has a short history, but the builamgs m which the classes meet and the professors lecture are of a venerable antiquity, and were th residences of men who have played great parts in the history of England and whose influence is still felt in eardale. "R hence has come that bias towards the study ot theology and mental philosophy which is discernibU even among the lead miners at the head of the valley'' If :t is not traceable to the influence of the Cathedral and the .Bishop s Palace, to what other source is it traceable ' Among the many distinguished men who lived upon mv banks, either at Durham, Auckland, or Stanhope, one occupies a position of pre-eminence I refer to Bishop Butler Ut him and Iiib times we shall speak when we meeta"ai'i MATRIMONIAL FREAKS AXB HOAXES. Eo. I. What with ru-ts for divorce and other matrimonial questions, 1 ,pers are full of strange freaks of married people, ihe w. rid grows madder also 011 the marriajo question every year. New York has its Shakers, and Utah its Mormons ; whilst a worse class seems to be arisin-' in England tnan even the Shakers of Steinway Hall or'the uecendants of the Mormon prophet Joe Smith, a ncipntl v marriage by force wa the rule; but the law in modern times tends to a p.nnt.in-m,! T-ola-rof,' : c ii. . vi otiuciiuiis 01 tne mar riage tie. tome recent cases would lead us to suppos that we were gradually adonting the Garrow plan of the brid" courting the bridegroom, the parents being soundly beaten by the whole tribe if they withheld their consent to the union Marriages are becoming more and more civil contracts made with little reference to affection, and our forefather; would have frowned upon some known modes of court-shin Advertising for a wife," says one writer, "is as absurd as getting measured for an umbrella," yet it is uotoriouslv on tne increase, though one lllnatured critic declares he always looks undr the head of marriages for the -'news of the weal;. In France there are few matrimonial freaks lien do not marry there when young. Their marriaire is a question of money, self-love, and comfort. Otherquestions come after. Hence the numerous bureaux where marriages are matters of negotiation. Few Frenchmen have scrutnes abou applying to an agent directly, or getting themselves recommended to one by a common friend. In En-dam' maniage advertisements are growing in favour; but there are many of them sheer hoaxes to entrap future hunters. An amusing case was tried some years since before the anbuiial of the Seine. In looking over his morning paper M. Locher, a dealer in skinj, read "Important notice-iach marriages Discretion and facility A youn" 'ady'of 20, with a dowry of 300,000 francs. An orphan with SO 000 francs. Several widows of various ages and dowries. Address, enclosing postage stamps to the sum of five irancs. M. Bocher sprang to his feet, exclaiming -'That's my affair. He wrote to M. Bouoner. tho nnt- n fellows:- Sir, as a widower more than nine months, with lour children all in good situations, and consequently alone under the sky of Paris, belonging to a very honourable f-mily of the south, full of health, with black eves, and an aquiline nose, a good figure, and aged only 30 years, but with no fortune but my luminous intelligence in the skin trade. I desire to marry a lady of 35 to 40 years of age, possessing a handsome dowry. Tell me if mv portrait is necessary. It is well understood that the lady must nay the expenses of the wedding. Bepiy immeuiatc-.ly.-Yours, -bocHEK.- An answer was forthcoming the next dav. it ran thus: " My dear Sir, I have just got your affair-a lady who would dearly like the skin trade. She is a widow, fche seeks net fortune; but is pious and amiable, and foud of dome; good. Send your portrait with twentv-five franco. lours faithfully and obedientlv, "Bouquer"" M Bo-her sent the money and the portrait: but when the lady calW upon him she showed her partiality for the skin trade by chaffing bim about bis skin, which was not to her liking, and wished him good day. He went in a rage to the agent, who to pacify him. gave him the addresses of several women Si ej? glove shops' who a11 refused the offer of his hand The Tribunal ruled that M. Bocher was entitled to no damages, as they thought he had been as bad as the matri-momal agent. A Jewish bridegroom was unintentionally hoaxed a few years ago: the whole affair being a strange whim. Mrs Malaprop says it s better for married couples to be-m with a httle aversion. This was the case with Lewis Crmimr ana iauny Uarter-Jew and Jewess. The lady lived at Sheffield, nd wrote his proposals. Miss Cartas renly was conditional. She said that if, on coming to Sheffield, she rw SUH?r' VV0Uld, marrr him- Thereupon Mr Conning sent her 20 to pay her expenses to Sheffield. The ,n?LCam& nd ht h Flea,ch ladr- saTr and rejected he? suitor. He was not to be shaken off so easilv and wanie value for his 20 He had offeredto marry he! UhouSu" her, and he therefore expected her tomarrv him without likiS him. Accordingly he went to her house with three friends orjitoesseMiid, pretending to shake hands with her, mZLJn?f$ n r finger' at the same time com-rw 1 6 Je'Ehmriage service. Sheresisted so stout! v that in his rage he assaulted her, and threatened her life". T,Vhen Lewis was brought up for the assault, Fanny relented, and asked the magistrates to bind him over to keep the peace. Tins case is a curious atte-rmt to rv?v. the old plan of abduction; and shows the m-cef-diy before vou send for a wife across the sea to be sure vou get her consent in writing before you forward the passage money. The strangest freak of modern times was the marrinsre-of a weman named MariaDunster witii three husbands," and her conduct ried to aSco-.nplic.itod Chancery suit. On January 23, 1850, she married her last and living husband, John Milton: in September, knowing he was alive, she married Francis Edwards, since deceased, in the name of Maria Dunster Chappie: and in May, L70, having seen John Milton, her first husband, in ISM, and at other times she again married Henry Melhuisb, who died, bequeathing to her the whole of his real and personal estate, and appointing her sole executrix thereof. After his death this woman returned to her first husband, John Milton, and lived with him at Exeter. In the meantime, the brother of the third husband, as bis solo next of-kin brought an action aeainst her for fradulently assuming to be thg testator's wife. Mrs Milton denied hav-in heard of her first husband for 1!) years, having left- him a few months after marriage in 1SS0. She confessed living with Edwards, the second husband, at Bath till 1864 when ! he died. In deciding the case in her favour the' Vice. Chancellor said it was not safe to assume that the character of wife was the only motive for bequests. -V local' case occurrrd not far from Newcastle in which a couple were united who had been betrothed 30 vears before the 7adv having married another man and had several children who had left ier and were married, before she was led to the altar by her first and last love. This Enoch Arden type of courtship and marriage is amusingly varied, as 111 "Better Late than Never " wW poor Chauncey twice returns to claim his betrothed bride The first time he finds her in the arms of an old inva.il' who obtained her consent simply because he loZ- w s But, alas, an old salt hiTtWZi .lnelrmna's constancy; and like the "FW Dutehm, TXT"a reSt' tte lUmorle TO BK CON'TIN-tjKD Tiie return of French imports and exports fort he OF Perhaps no man was more widely or generally known the North of England in connection with trade and ma-iu faetare, tl an the founder of the extensive iron works, vMc't for well nigh two centuries have stood upon the banks o ihe Derwent at Winiaton. The amount of good he did in. other ways besides the opening out of innumerable hives f industry there is incalculable. Sir Ambrose Crowley was . rar-seemg and shrewd man, by whose will every undertaking would seem to have been touched, as it were, with a magician's wand, and became an absolute success. In one of. the early numbers of " The Spectator," the founder of iha family is referred to. The writer of the note, proba'oly Addisca himself, says: "Sir John Anvil entered the worhi with a small parcel of rusty iron, and being gifted in the acquisition of wealth was knighted in his thirty-fifth year, and being intent on making a family (with a dash of goo I blood in their veins) married a woman of fashion, who changed his name to Enville, and confined her husband to the cockloft when she had visitors of quality." Itwasli the latter part of the seventeenth century that Sir Ambrose established hi3 Cyclopean colony in Sunderland. It is somewhat singular, but nevertheless a noteworthy fact that; the manufacture of iron was at this period somewhat limited and only carried on in isolated districts and after aver primitive fashion. There appears in the records of t'lj Durham County Justices, an entry which may be of some interest to the future historian of iron manufacture in Soutii. Durham, more especially as the order which there app.rs refers to a locality Witton which has become famous in. connection with the iron rail trade. The precise place whereon the works were founded, can only be conjectured, although the order speaks of their being upon the Wi'tte-a. jE10 Estate. The order of the Courtis dated Dth October Io:jU, and proceeds as follows: "Whereas John Hodshon petitioned at the July Sessions, thai whereas the Ir.:i Vi oi-s at ltton, belonging to MrGeorge Dobson, who hal charge upon them for 100 per annum as a rent char -o issuing out of the works and lands with a Corn Mill the- c-unto belonging, which ended in 1645, and in 1643 the V i-I of Iseweastle, with the Committee then in power- who U'-l upon that rent charge the sum of 21s in the book of An;--mentation, and prayed tbat it might be taken out of book of Augmentation. It is ordered that it bereferre-l -u-Thomas Bowes, Esq. and John Bowes, Esq." Th-v reported in due course that the Iron- Works and mill "w'-c erected within the grounds of Witton Castle and Townshin and paid their proportion of rates being 3s 43. in the pound, ihe upshot of the inquiry was a very great reduction in the annual charge pkced upon them. It may be added th it ihe grounds upon which the Witton Park Iron Works vrre erected some forty years ago was originally part of tiie Uastle Estates, and the Works in oneration in the time of the Commonwealtn might be and probably were, somewhere not far distant: from the village of Witton upon the "Wea-. In the year 1685. the sime Court was moved in the matter of the Iron Works belonging to Mr Crowley, and on account of the interest surrounding this record, and the-information ltcontains, and the light it throws upon the class of workau-wbom he introduced into Sunderland in order to carry , his works, its value as an historical document cannot we:i be overlooked. We shall give it verbatim from the origin.'" It recites, " Whereas the Bishop delivered into ye court vi petition and Order of Council under his Maties Privy S..'d (that is) the petition of Ambrose Crowlev, Iron Mon- 'of London, shewing, that he has sett upon" a factory in'sl-,. derlana fm-rnal-inrr nf w., i , "' I 1 1 , t "c, "ncti? ne employee .1 1 present at least an hundred men, several of wkicl-' c-m--from Liege by Culla, that being ye only place in Eurone f-,r ye Smith trade, and there ar four hundred men mo'e'in va factory, ye Dutch by their crafty dealiDg having brought v-trade at Liege very low which occasioned the workman's inclination, and to remove many of them to England if th--could be sure of (being) kindly received and not abuse-l fj-elL,r.Klor-. for not long since Mr George Harrison au-5 Mr William Arrowsmith and others bearing great sway -n. Sunderland, have lately drove out of your Ma'tv' Dominions Eighteen of your petitioners Walloons bv threatening the inhabitants neare ve factory for Lo Piu" them and other illegal waves, they" accom pan v the Fren-h Catbolicks nrtn snv th 't comprehended in ye Dec; 1- ration for French Prr,focfar,0 -. tt - . mm tiunsnnw: an', narri-son are now prosecuting a person that entertained them and tnreatened to drive (away) all petitioners workmen by reason ot his employing of Catholicks, which if allowed wii' be a great discouragement to your Ma jesty's Customs, Z' ' muuey, ana ye increase ot limiting. Th-js; Walloons that he has employed have taught the Eng-i1-workmen their to work better and swifter than for-ri-,-" an d to make such nailes as are used in Holland for shear'' of ships, insomuch that your Majestv's East India Co:mu:,v have made an order for no othsr nailes to be) used in -!:: service, if encouraged must create a trade for naV-'-s proportionable to that of ye Dutch, and he thi-k at present ye Dutch out - trade out trading! is by uucur-selliiig. Petitioners" workmen make throe or :-,;': Xuims of Iron a piece in a year, ye Custodies oi which cjm-' te os -Sd per Tu.in. Prays that ve workmen mav en-. v their religion and their peace as Protestant stranjers 0-.-; the rest of ye workmen before he emplooved CalfioiiJks. At the Court at Whitehall, on G July, upon" reading ve re-to-x 01 ye Attorney-General, it was ordered that tbe Bish j'; of Durham take speedy and effectual care that petitioners workmen be protected and quieted in ve carrvin- on ve manuiacture in the petition mentioned; aiso to s'ignifv Ills Majesty's pleasure to ye Justices of Peace in ye neiah'no-u--nooii where the workmen reside." This subiect, toeti-r with the petition accompanying Orders in ConnciC were laid before the court, which comprised the Bish:. t-.a Hoc. Bichard Viscount Lumlev, Isaac Basire, Esq., I :. I) " Sir John Duck, Bart.; Robert Delaval, Esq- K -; - -' Miller, Esq.; Thomas Haward, Esq.; William. Bradiiv-v Esq.; Gerald Salvin, Esq.; and John Wytham, Es i.. ea-:' of whom were men of local distinction and repute ar-' ---v of them were heads of old Roman Catholics, who h.id fd; the effect of persecution after the restoration of the Stuarts. The causes wbic'n in) Sir- .- quartersare apparent enough from the tenor of this"; "" vc uijjjearo iu nave icst no time in moving his mami- luciory to a region wnere he would be secure from the no. -secutine spirit which nrevsilf! in W,W1,4 HvaZ.. tw. was, perhaps after all, Sir Ambrose had other and ny,:---weighty reasons for the transfer of his factory, and his b . :; I of foreign iron-workers. The consumption of fuel was undoubtedly very great, and the quantity of coal consume! iu the factory would form a very heavy item of cxwih-. Moreover, at that period Sunderland was not faourbiv situated with regard to an easy means of acccess te the collieries, the great majority of which were distant manv raU$. Hence it was that an exodus took place from the port u:i the Wear to the more favoured site at Winiaton. Ihe number or foreign workmen, whom the rounder nf. those works introduced was very considerable, and c-: c-prised skilled workmen of every grade, who' w--re tin superiors in many respects of their English brethren, hut who were not slow in availing themselves of the on-i jr-tunity of improvement. The various branches of wr,r' cp.rned on developed year by year, A lanre nopu'M-i settled upon the banks of the Tyne and Derwent, which latter place became famous for its edge tools, and esp.-'a'iiv the manufacture of sword blades, in which the co'.onv o? German workmen displayed great dexterity and skill, .l-Ambrose Crowley did much for the large bedv of wwkm -. in his employ. Ho attended to their wsnt?." studied th-.-i-rr.oral and social improvement, and founded schools in cj:-nection with the works. Full and ample Justice has he-:-done to the character of Sir Ambrose Crowley bv t:.-i county historians, and it is therefore unnecessary that ws should make further reference thereto. The workmen at Winiaton were known in the d'stric- 1w the name of the " Crowley crew, " and if we are to believe the statements which appear in the records from which M above extracts were taken, they were undoubtlv t lot, and if not exactly lawless at all events seem to btv,-had no very clear ideas as to legal obligation. Th-v c.-.. tracted debts, and refused to meet the demands theirVc- liters made upon them. So bad had this become, and largely did the evil increase within the short period oi little over eleven years from the works being started that a ;- -.-plamt was made to the Court of Quarter Sessions. T.. -authoritative manner in wiiich it speaks, and the lity of the information it contains gives a rerr cleirp-i--traiture of the class to which it refers. It states': "Fo.s-much as complaint having been made to this Court that s great number of Smiths by trade, living in the to-.vn-f Vvmlmgtcn, alias Winiaton in this Count;-, beinz s v.;v 01 one Mr Crowley, a Londoner, have contracted?---'-.'!';! debts in the said town and neighbourhood there---'' I many of them uot only refuse to pav the same but hi 1 v.Ktt defiance to the justices, beating and abusing the .S:.er::ls bayhffs, and officers who attempt to arrest anv of -::-.' :: tor such debts, so that none of the said baviiffsdar-; c :'.-: within the said town of Winlingion alias Winl-it'ni. .r reason whereof the said creditors are discharged of invito oblaine their said debts, which if refused manv of -J.- a will be put to great straits and difficulties." fee ?:. nature of the complaints thus made were fullv di.---:;- :. The court was presided over bv the Bishop of T):if...x :: (Lord Crewe). One John Parkin", the sheriff's bailiii. w'.:. resided m Gateshead, and acted as such for the .iistsK gave evidence on the occasion. He begins bv avo'-in; -'.: 11 the Crowley men are a bad and dan-erous lot. "P .'-tbey care for nobody, even "my lord on the b-'-iich run the chance." he added, "of being m ist vHev !j.u:.iV? by the false knaves." Parkin savs that -'the men i-oatra-:: dents all over the town and refuse to pav. There : a '-public-house which has not a long chalk bei.iu.i the !-door. They fill themselves with strong ales so th.it th.v become like roaring lions. Many of them ar-.- forces cUp out ol France or thereaway, who cannot sneak a wer-1 English. Regular cut throats thev are, with .isaer i such like weapons by their sides. Only last week "my m.-.;.. Toby Smith, went to serve a process for debt uw:im-c-i tnem." There appears to have been some lUi'i.-uby in " tracting the name of the "foreign chap" who 'ow.: au-i iU-treated theiinf,i-t.iir,aT.oTn-r-,a a Ti-.-.',,r,.-, I evidence for it, and after no little inquiry and a consider nam r tlian hf rlr.iw his L-nipA nrtr, -nf r.r7 .' assistant," ihe aforesaid Toby. A month previously Park: accompanied by a p$se comitains of trusty ofuciais, wo::: : make a day of it at Winiaton, or as he says in his o-v language, "a general process diy," with what result learn from the remainder of his narrative. "They did ' turn out firmed with stoves, swords, and other wvr.v -: and never censed until they had driven us forth of ::: town.'"' which Parkin avowed he would never asair. cr.ic until the Crowlev orw w-a -rcv,,--, c ........... 1 he force of his evidence had weight with the cov; :t:: had a reassuring effect, for it was ordered bv tbe c.x-.r " That the constables of the said town of WiniiV.gto:: o:':.c: wise Winiaton, and the other neighbouring tow, villages are, upon the request of any of the sheriffs b ,:U.S to be aiding and assisting of them, and everv- of tii-:n in U execution of any lawful process, which thev or anv oi the" shall hereafter have against anv of tho ai,J S-rifV '. -be apprehending of such of them as shall r.-sit the exec:-t-.on of such process, and to carry them before the injustices 01 the peace for the said countv. there to b- ,Ui-U with according to law, for such the cVtructi-v. of .:::' and contempt of the laws of thi realm." Vine- rear we come across another piece of Crowlev hisforv: Vtt tV time it comes from one of the men in the rnwhw -: -: firm. It is an order of court under a-r 1'hb .t:Uv. 17!v. and sets forth that "A complaint has bc-n male r--t Court by William Ratcliffe that a considerable t. -e money is due to him for work and labour done bv hh; ' and about the necessary business of Sir Arr.ro-e 'Or - v: .-' hut.: and the agents and managers of the ai.l Sir Axhre-c do absolutely refuse to pav tiie same." The tinW-y m the absence of other information that the matt.- w one of disputed account- onlv The h;-iiv .h-ui !: ? investigate the matter. Thev" did. so. and or-ier-.-d "Tr the said agents or managers (namelvh Mr Cbawr.a-'. V Featherston, Mr Watson, and Mr Jackson .lo arwsr at t -- iiexi, anjonrnnient- to show cause whv the wa; saui lllnim Ratciilfe be not puid."a"d t Ralph Brown, Samuel Thompson. Wiiharr Adam Haydon, attend ns witnesses." The ; gone into, and the decision was tin? t: amounting to iT. should be forthwith ; Ratcliffe, who is described as being nr. ' tn K., Consctt. r Ar:U:;r Miekiov latter was w,i-e- ' ,i.l -I, W; Excise Licenses i-ok Railway Cxr.T.wr.. Mr Gladstone has given notice of his intention to i:v the insertion of the followine: clause in The Castor. a: Inland Revenue Bill : " Where the preprietor or ee carriage used for tbe conveyance of passengers on any r.. way shall be desirous of selling intoxicating liquors :u tobacco to be consumed therein by passenjess travehir.-such carriage, the proprietor shalfive notice of se.ch .hs-to the Commissioners of Inland Revenue, an.i ' sh:' : lawful for the said Commissioners to grant an excise ueeii; wbich shall have the effect of authorising the sa.e ot j: toxica ting lienors and tobacco in such earriai:. tm-ir;5 rami n(l;ft.-& .-,,V,;..f -. ct-ch reealhlTlor.S 111 restrictions as the said Commissioners may prescribe.'' THE "CROWLEY CREW1 WiNLATON. "f. i 11

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