The Journal Herald from Dayton, Ohio on June 1, 1941 · 47
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The Journal Herald from Dayton, Ohio · 47

Dayton, Ohio
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 1, 1941
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y 14 The Sunday Journal-Herald Spotlight. June 1, 1941. Sharecropping Will Provide Theme For Two Speakers Tomorrow Night Monday night at 8 o'clock at the McKinley Methodist church, Hawthorn and Fitch streets, citizens of Dayton will have an opportunity to hear two women. One will be an old woman, Mrs. Annie Waller, of Virginia, whose son, Odell Waller, now faces a death sentence for a fatal affair with his farm landlord. The other woman and principal speaker will be Miss Pauli Murray, not yet 25 years old, but who spoke so brilliantly in Los Angeles last week that she drew this comment from Ted Le-Berthon, columnist, In the Los Angeles News: "Frankly I thought of Joan of Arc when she spoke, and wondered if at some fortuitous time she might not become something of a deliverer of her people from bondage, from long-suffering ghastly Indignities. "Listening to this lovely and tawny young Joan of Arc, I wondered whether the north really won the Civil war, and if we are not two nations with two economies, rather than one, in hard fact. And I wondered how we ostriches who calmly Ignore this social horror George Washington Carver Praised as Foremost Scientist By Irving A. Williamson Late last month in Atlantic City 1,100 people witnessed the presentation of the 1940 Humanitarian award by the Variety Clubs of America to Dr. George Washington Carver, born of slave parents and once traded for a horse and who today is praised by many as the world's foremost scientist. Modest Dr. Carver has heard many mean speak of his deeds and standing in the world of science. Henry Ford, in reply to a recent question as to whom he thought was the greatest living scientist, said: "George Washington Carver, of Tuskegee. He tops all men I know." Christy Borth in "Pioneers of Plenty," writes: "George Washington Carver, the first and greatest chemurgist." The scientist was born a slave in Diamond Grove, Missouri, where when a child he and his mother were stolen and taken to Arkansas. He was ransomed from his captors with a horse valued at $300. His mother was never heard of again. Worked His Way As a gangling boy, determined to better his lot, he worked his way through public schools, received the degree of bachelor of science of agriculture from Iowa State college in 1894 and got his master's degree from the college in 1896. He was a member of the Iowa faculty a short while before going to Tuskegee Institute at m CHURCHES Candles will be lighted today at the Zion Baptist church for the soldiers in Civil, Spanish-American , and the World war, deceased members of the church and workers in the civic life of the community. Among the members to be honored are Hugh Hague, former deacon; B. F. Oldwine, long resident; Strawby Nelson, former schoolteacher; Mary Thomas, church school worker; Willis Jefferson, official in the church for nearly 40 years, and James Snell, member for over 50 years. Tributes will be given Dr. Len-dell Charles Ridley, late pastor of the Allen African Methodist Episcopal church, and Lansing H. Moore, former teacher at Dunbar high school. "Family night" at prayer services was introduced Wednesday evening at the Tabernacle Baptist church. Individual families will lead the weekly prayer devotions. Rev. and Mrs. J. Welby Broaddus and family spent Memorial day with friends in Richmond, Ky.; Rev. Broaddus will occupy his pulpit at Tabernacle today, t . The City Baptist Young Peoples' union will meet today at 3 p. m. lit the Zion Hill Baptist church, -1 ft m au !bv; MISS PAULI MURRAY (condition of sharecroppers and economic disparity), blithely call ourselves Christian and adherents of democracy." Miss Murray, born in Durham, DR. CARVER Tuskegee, Ala., founded by the famed Booker T, Washington. At Tuskegee he is director of re search and experiment and as such during, more than 40 years of research has given the south a new meaning of chemistry, agriculture a new outlook and industry a new alliance. In 1896 Dr. Carver laid down his plan of attack on the farmers' problems of the south by five ap proaches to solution of them: Soil conservation, diversification of crops, live-at-home, finding new uses for farm crops and the utili zation of native plants and farm crops. Creative Research Through his creative research Dr. Carver has found numerous uses that can be made of southern products and waste materials. From the clays of Alabama he has developed face powder, pigments, paints, stains, and has also dem onstrated their value in ceramic work. He has made the peanut yield over 300 products, including milk, cream, buttermilk, cheese, condi ments, coffee, plastics, paper, stains and insulating boards. The sweet potato has been pro' ductive of 11S products among which are starch, tapioca, mock cocanut, syrup, breakfast food and satins. He has made paving blocks, insulating boards, cordage, paper and rugs from cotton. From plants generally regarded as weeds, many products have been created, as well as hundreds of dyes. Over 5,000 letters seeking information or expressing grati tude have been received by Dr. ; , M -i , .1 M y - fit - - f - r At, , -is ' " r 41 N. C, did all kinds of work to finish Hunter college in New York city and tne Brookwood Labor col lege. Jfor 10 years she has, In addition to her work as a writer and poet, carried on a ceaseless struggle ior tne rights or Negroes and maltreated persons of other groups. In the words of LeBerthon, Miss Murray tells " of the wornout soil, the frightful diet, the vile housing, the diseases that make for decay among those Negroes and poor whites, both far worse off than many slaves ever were." ' Miss Murray and Mrs. Waller will speak In a mass meeting at McKinley Methodist church under the auspices of the Dayton branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, co-operating with the Workers Defense league of New York city, which is conducting a nationwide campaign to save the life of Odell Waller. Admission will be free. The two women will also speak Monday morning at Wilberforce university, and at 4:30 p. m. at Antioch college. Carver In connection with his peanut oil treatment for the aftereffects of infantile paralysis. Although Dr. Carver has a world-wide reputation as a scientist, he has received much recog nition for his paintings. One of his paintings, "Three Peaches," was hung in the Luxembury gal lery in Europe. He used pigments which he got from the clays of Alabama. Many honors Tiave come to Dr. Carver, including the Spingarn medal in 1923 for distinguished achievement, the unveiling of a bust of him at Tuskegee in 1937, but the greatest is probably the creation of the George Washing ton Carver foundation to carry on extensive research begun by Dr, Carver on the use of native south ern plants, waste materials and the formulating of solutions of agriculture problems. Dr. Carver himself gave his life savings of 533,000 to the foundation for re search and many others are ex pected to swell the endowment. SOCIAL An election of officers and ex pressions of determined effort to advance a wider civic and social program marked the final meeting last week of the Dayton chapter of the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority at tne nome of Mrs. Cal Crawford of Home avenue. Those elected were Mrs. Craw ford, for a second year as basileus; Miss Ethel Gibson, anti-basileus; Miss Susanne Bass, grammateus; Miss Elizabeth Ryans, eplstoleus; Miss Julia Richardson, tamiochus; Miss Lucille Kinchen, philacter; Mrs. T. P. Turner, publicist; Miss Ruth Smith, local representative for the sorority's national publication, the Ivy Leaf. The local chapter was host recently at a breakfast honoring girls who will graduate from local high schools this month. . Miss Helen Lindsay Carter, prominent organist and music teacher of Columbus, will spend today here in an effort to organize a local branch of the National Association of Negro Musicians. She would like to meet all music lovers and musicians at the YWCA today at 4 p. m. She is state organizer for the association. Mrs. Claradean Wilkes, Mrs. Alice Goodson, Mrs. Rose Hart and Miss Anna Jones of the West Side YWCA industrial clubs attended the recent institute for industrial clubs at the Phyllis Afro- AMERICAN News News Jot this page thould b submitted the Wednesday before publication to Irving A. William' son at the Fifth Street Y. U. C. A. with name, address and telephone number of peraon submitting news included. ? ' as-:.: f - w - MISS GRACE MAE YOUNG was recently elected president of the women's senate of Fisk university in Nashville, where she will be a senior this fall. She is also chairman of the student YWCA and a secretary of the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. Her sister, Miss Delores Young, has been named sophomore representative for the senate. They are the daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Hickman, of Ridgewood Heights. Wheatley YWCA in Indianapolis. Miss Bessie Howard and Mrs. Anna Woods attended a party for members of the Ink Spots group in Middletown recently. Mrs. India Evans, of German-town street, has returned from Indiana where she was called on account of the death of her brother. Mrs. Henry Jones, of 104 Olive street, is very ill at the Miami Valley hospital. She is the mother of Mrs. El wood Wiggins, of South Broadway. Mr. and Mrs. John Richardson, formerly of Relst avenue, have removed to their new home at 227 Mercer avenue. The Sojourner Truth Civic society will meet today at 4 p. m. at the Fifth Street YMCA. Mrs. W. J. Matson reports that the recent public reception of the Delphinium Garden cluh nt th De Soto Bass courts was largely attended by members and friends. The Alumni club of Dunbar high school will meet Friday at 8 p. m. at Linden center. All graduates wno expect to attend the club's prom June 20 are being asked by Miss Mary Crews to attend the meeting. A popularity contest of which the winning girl will be crowned "queen of clubs" was opened Monday by the Modern Juliets club and will end June 17 when a formal dancing party will be the scene for the coronation ceremony. contestants are Miss Rena James, Miss Lula Henderson, Miss Betty Hummons. Miss Dorothv Thompson and Miss Claudette wropps. More than 200 eruests were nres ent recently when the Friendly tsoys' ciub gave its spring dancing party at the Elkhorn cluKJohn Richardson was Ereneral rhairmnn and was assisted by Oscar Hickman, James McClarin, George Fisher and James Davis. Officer? and other members are: Edward Hickman, president; Dan Lowden, vice president; Joseph Kelly, secretary; Herbert Shelton, treasurer; Charles Harris, Walter Brown, Homer Caldwell, Theodore Fisher and William Settles. The Allegrla club was recently organized at the home of Mrs. Oscar Marshall who was elected president. Members are Mr. and Mrs. Marshall, Mr. and Mrs. Julian Peasant, Sr., Mr. and Mrs, Carl Gibson, Mr., and - Mrs. William Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. George Mc- Lemore and Mr. and Mrs. Ran-some Wills, Among the 225 graduates of Hampton institute this month will be three Daytonians: Miss Louise Lane. Harry E. Whatley and Robert Whatley. Many persons have made reservations for the dessert bridge which the Modernettes club will sponsor Thursday evening at Linden center. Reservations may be made until Tuesday by calling Mrs. Eva Frazier at ADams 9073. Members of the Louise M. Troy club decorated the grave of Miss Louise M. Troy at Woodland cemetery Thursday. The committee in charge was made up of Miss Ethyl Stewart, Miss Nellie V. Young and Miss Janet Smith. Participating club members were Mrs. Fay Stewart Robinson, Miss Tecora Neil, Mrs. Flossie Cox, Mrs. Rasolee Dugger, Miss Charlotte Jarman, Miss Catherine Jarman, Miss Julia Richardson and Mrs. Robert Nelson. MRS. C. N. FLANIGAN, of 109 Bank street, attended the recent commencement exercises of Gammon Theological seminary, Atlanta, Ga., where her husband received a bachelor ol divinity degree. Mr. Flanigan is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John D, Johnson, of Bank street, who were present at the exercises. ; .' ., ... j f ' ' - I "V -J

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