Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on June 4, 1962 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Logansport, Indiana
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Monday, June 4, 1962
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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. How Modern is American Industry? Only four years ago, about half of America's industry producing facilities was obsolete and antiquated—over' 12 years old. Since 1957, the proportion of comparably ancient equipment has been reduced to 40 per cent. This , is shown by the fifteenth annual sur- .vey of business' plans for new plants and equipment, taken by McGraw- Hill, the trade publishers. The survey underlines the tre- •mendous modernization job that remains to be done. While 40 per cent of the plant and equipment dates back .to before 1951, 24 per cent of this goas back to World War II or even before. The'40 per cent dating back more than a decade is the average of American 'industry as a whole. Some industries -are in far better, or worse, shape than others. For 'instance, the auto industry has only 21 per.-cent of its facilities dating back to before the Korean War. The aircraft industry, is not too far .behind with 28 per cent. On the other hand, the railroads are burdened'with 1 the largest amount of antiquated facilities. And the textile, furniture and shipbuilding industries are not in much better shape. The scientific explosion—during the past decade we spent more on research and development than we had spent since the settlement of Jamestown in 1607—is streaming new ideas for new products and for cost-cutting ways of making them at breathtaking speed. To keep in step, it is up to United States producers to put these •new developments to 'work with new producing equipment. Manufacturers are well aware of this need. In the four years from 1958 ..to 1961, they spent $34 billion, or about two-thirds of their total investment, on modernization. They plan to raise -the modernization share to 70 per cent during the years 1962-1965. But the profit squeeze dulls both •the incentive to modernize and the •capacity to do so. The profit squeeze -'must be eased if American industry is to modernize fully and. provide new vitality that will speed the growth of the economy and the needed new jobs. Job Balance Sheet Three million workers have jobs supported by exports' and another million owe their jobs to imports, Secretary of Labor Arthur J. Goldberg estimates. That amounts to 4 million American jobs that can be attributed directly to foreign trade. Over the last two or three years, the United States exported annually about $20 billion worth of goods. That means that every billion dollars in exports provides 150,000 jobs. Speaking for the Trade Expansion Act, Goldberg said that it would increase our . exports by several billions and thereby create several hundreds of thousands of jobs for American workers. On the other hand, he said that only 90,000 workers would suffer injury from rising imports in the first five years of the Act, through a loss of working time and reduced income. To cushion this effect, the bill provides adjustment • assistance both to the firms and workers who may be injured. This is a new form of protectionism. Its aim is to enlist those who may be injured by the freer trade to the benefit of the country at large. BUTCHER'S HAND In the Past One Year Ago Two Bunker Hill AFB airmen killed in crash as auto hits tree' off US 24 five miles east of Logansport . . . Cass county auto deaths toll reaches 12. . Summer recreation program begins in Logansport city parks this week. Summer school begins in the Logansport high school. Ten Years Ago Claim Leland Smith and George Craig in leading spots . .. Appear to be chief contenders for Indiana Republican gubernatorial nomina- Logansport school building levy is aired at hearing . . . Proposed fifty cent tax receives tentative approval of school board following hearing. No one was injured in two auto crashes, on US 24 ... Car carrying three college students upsets at east edge of Logansport. Twenty Years Ago Andrew Irvin of Logansport and Mary Richie of Walton are among the 191 winners of state scholarships to Indiana University. A son was born in Cass county hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Albert Sharp of 1121 East Market st. • ! Eleven-year-old John Burgess, 328 Day st, • suffered a fractured 1 arm in a fall from a swing at the Jefferson school playgrounds. Fifty Years Ago The fire which destroyed the Louis May ; home was believed to have been started by a - firebug. Johnny Corriden, now with the Kansas City Blues, was believed to be on the way up in the baseball world. Logansport was continuing its reputation as ' one of the warmest towns in the state of Indi' Pharos »<™ Flashes By Pharos-Tribune News Staff The American flag was flying from many Logansport homes for the rst time on Memorial day as the result -of the large number of people ho took advantage of the offer by the Pharos-Tribune and Press to 211 them at cost. Participation in the Memorial day parade, however, is radually dwindling. Most local 'citizens were not interested in the nnual local tribute to the war dead Wednesday, either as participants r as observers. On the Lighter Side . . . By D»CK WEST WASHINGTON (UPI) had here last week an jazz festival sponsored —We've internal by the Logansport can be proud of the fact that its percentage of home owners is considerably higher than the national average. On a national level, slightly more than 60 per cent of the families are home owners, but in Logansport the home owners represent 71 per cent of all families, according to 1960 census figures. A young Clu'nese elm tree in the east end is a regular apartment house for birds. Not more than eight feet above the sidewalk is a robin's nest, out of which at least two hungry little mouths can be seen gaping, while about six feet on up the tree is another nest containing little blackbirds. This is at least one instance in which integration has been successful, with blackbirds and robin red breasts sharing the same tree. Two young rabbits also can be seen regularly making the rounds of the neighborhood yards, apparently aware of the fact that the only dogs in the vicinity are to.o old to constitute a threat to them. The recent announcement by Governor Welsh that he intends to replace Dr. Harold Hallecfc of Winamac and two other members of the Indiana War Memorials Commission whose terms expire June 18 was no surprise to Dr. Hallcck. He had told a Pharos-Tribune reporter who interviewed him earlier that Welsh undoubtedly would replace him because of lu's stand against permitting the Indiana Civil Liberties Union to use the state-owned, structure. "They have plenty of other places to meet in Indianapolis; they just want to break down our traditions," Dr. Halleck commented. A few people who were contacted by local PTA representatives in the survey to determine public attitudes toward the treatment of mentally ill children had some strange reactions. One person refused to sign the questionnaire on the grounds that it was a step toward socialized medicine. One of the survey leaders said she was glad to know this individual ' was against socialized medicine even if. she did completely misinterpret the purpose of the survey. Believe it or not—There are 765 housing units in Cass county which have neither bathtub nor shower. The authority is the U. S. Bureau of the Census. A few disgruntled residents of Union, township, Fulton county, have seen a lawyer about challenging the legality of the Fulton county school reorganization plan which was approved by the voters in the primary election. Why do so many pet owners ignore the law by permitting their dogs t<i run loose around neighborhoods? . . . With children free of school worries beginning next week, autoists should be extra careful in driving around our city. Be on the alert lor kids popping in and out of streets, alleys . . . Just think no more PTA for three .months! ... When was the last time you had the brakes checked on your car? . . . The last two weeks of June are supposed to be wet, very wet . . . join our Vacation 0ub—send us a card and we'll put your name in this spot. But don't give us that ol "wish you were here" bit. Emotional problems Cranked third behind respiratory and skin diseases among university'students, a 10-year study showed today. The study was conducted at the University of Wisconsin from 1949-58. Respiratory infections, not including flu, "far outnumbered" all other causes of illness recorded at the university's student clinic and infirmary, the authors said. Respiratory ills, skin eruptions, psychiatric problems and gastrointestinal upsets were termed the "Big Four" among the 10 most common diagnoses in the young adult student population. LAFF-A-DfcY the people-tc-people program. I use the pronoun "we" because this is the first administration cultural promotion that I have felt qualified to participate in. I offer my v services not as a musician but as a long-lime student of jazz trends and directions, some knowledge of which is essential to the development of a well-rounded personality, Many people have said to me that they like jazz but it makes them nervous. The reason is that they lack the background to appreciate its nuances and finer points. Prepares Notes , As my contribution to the festi- ,val,.I have prepared some ,notes on the inner meaning of jazz in the hope that it will help create a broader base of understanding, people-to-people-wise. In order to grasp what is happening in the jazz world, it must first be understood that- jazz moves in cycles, as opposed, for example, to the stock market, which moves in circles. Each jazz cycle lasts until the musicians begin to suspect' that other people are enjoying what they are playing. Then they move on to another cycle There is .nothing more distressing to a jazz musician than the thought that someone, other than himself, enjoys what he is playing- This is a sure sign that he is supping and is likely to wind up with Lawrence Welk; Several years ago,, as a desperation measure, jazz moved into the "progressive" cycle in which new sounds were introduced to counteract the "bop" cycle, which was becoming alarmingly enjoyable. Audiences Obstinate The emphasis was on esoteric . arrangements for incompatible instruments, as in "fugue .for two flutes and a pneumatic drill." Jazz audiences, however, are ' extremely obstinate and before Jong they were enjoying that, too.' The musicians, therefore, were' forced to move into the > current cycle, known as "third stream." The third streamers abandoned entirely such' nuisances' as rhythm, scale and-tonal patterns,, which were just barely hanging on anyway. , , So now we have formless jazz, and thus far it has succeeded admirably in curtailing enjoyment. : Some authorities believe that if the current cycle ever becomes 'enjoyable, jazz will have no/place; left to hide.-That would be a pity for I have forgotten how. to waltz. Reviews Of TV Shows Monday Evining, June 4, 1962. By RICK DU»ROW HOLLYWOOD (UPI).,— Eighteen years ago this Wednesday, Adolf Hitler relaxed at his 'mountain retreat with his mistress German Field Marshal j Erwin Rommel was home for his wife's 'birthday, and Gerii Dwight D. Eisenhower prayed. It was D j Day, June 6, 1944, and the Germans had been lulled into thinking bad weather would deter an Allied invasion. Sunday night, with rare .films that swept from the highest headquarters to the most. lowly invasion boats, NBC- TV's "Show of the Week" told the story of that largest military landing in history. . Narrated sparingly- and poetically by actor Hichard Basehart, and accompanied by a musical score by 'Elmer Bernstein th a t caught the. clashing horror of war and the exhilaration .of triumph, the program's newsreel shots were abetted . by captured film never before aired. And out of this film emerged, once again, the fascination of .the . tragic military genius, Rommel — "The Desert Fox" — who eventually realized -Hitler's madness, who became involved in the unsuccessful generals' plot to kill the Nazi dictator with a planted . bomb, and who won tributes from Sir Winston Churchill and other foes. Captured footage showed Rommel inspecting the "Atlantic Wall" of German defense, which appalled him with its inadequacy. He bolstered: it with devilish devices: pointed logs,, barbed wire and millions of mines which later look their toll when invasion forces slogged ashore. There was also a superb shot of Eisenhower munching on a sandwich as the then president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, spoke to him in a car. But perhaps the most brilliant and suspensefully edited film was of the fighting men themselves 5 American and British soldiers on an invasion boat softly singing "Home on the Range"; paratroopers being visited personally by Ike before they took off; English music hall entertainers performing for many men who soon would die; and the bloody beach scenes caused by wrong landings and lack of protective 1 fire. One wishes that producer David Wolpe r had made this fine achievement into two hour-1 o n g shows. The wealth of material.be- ing compressed into 54 minutes of air time ma'de the program, of necessity, virtually a series o£ climaxes. Expansion would have allowed for more use of individual experiences as counterpoint to the massive whole —a technique employed masterfully by Cornelius Ryan in his book, "The Longest Day," the story of D-Day now being made into a movie by Daf- ryl Zanuck. Along these lines, it might have . 'been illuminating to hear from Rommel's chief of staff, Gen. Hans Speidel, now a top NATO officer; and dramatic to hear first-hand, recollections by G, I. survivors, One also wonders whether, with all the captured footage and personal stories now available, there might not be a unique documentary in telling the story of D-Day entirely from the German side. According to "The Longest Day," Rommel told an aide he could finish the war in two weeks if ha commanded the Allied forces. The Channel Swim:. Mickey Rooney and Jackie Coogan guest on' Red Skelton's OBS-TV 'show 1 June 12.'. .NBC-TV programming vice president Mort Werner issued a letter "reaffirming" the network's call for a fair shake for Negro performers and an accurate depiction of Negroes. _ An ABC-TV crew finished shooting in Russia for a one-hour Bell and Howell "Close-up!" special on Soviet elementary and secondary education; the writer is Robert Lewis Shalon, television-radio columnist for tlie Saturday Review magazine. Controversial artist Thomas Hart Benton is featured on the premiere of OBS-TV's "'Accent on American Summer" series Thursday.. .NBC-TV's Chet Huntley was named by President Kennedy to the Woodrow Wilson Commission, which js charged with recommending a memorial to the nation's 28th chief executive. ESCAPES INJURY BARNET, England (UPl)-TIie archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. A.M. Ramsey, escaped without injury near here Sunday when th'e car he was riding in.was involved iri x a collision. ' "I feel so sorry for that Mrs. Lushley—her husband's such a bum." PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dally (except Saturday* .and HolWajw) <Oe per week dully and Bnnda; br eairlor, (20.80 per year In the city at Logmupoit 40a per meek by currier outside of logmnffOTt. By mall on riirul routes IB ,Ca»«, Carroll, White, Pnlankl, Fulton and Miami conntlM, f 12.00 per year) ontnlde trading urea .and within Indiana, »14.00 per reari ontnlde Indiana, »1S.OO, per year. Ul mall «nl»erlptlon» payabl* In advanoa. No mall antnerlBttam .old when carrier «errlee I. main* talned. •;•-•.••.•.' ' ' , ;..:•.•.-• . ~- Pnaroi extablliked -^SgHBBjw. Cn^BBflKa *** orter ««*»»"»«•* Journal eatabllnked '• i *iH«S^ ti-lbnne e»tabUih»d Pnbllaked dally except Saturday nod holiday* by. PharOB-TrfbnBV Co., Inc. BIT BJaat Broadway, LoffaMayort, Indiana* entered aa •econd - fdau matter at the pbat office at Loraniport, lad., under the aet of Marea Jt, 18T». MBMBBRl A.UUIT BURBAE OF CIRCULATION* AHD UNITED PKEII urramNATioirAii > rHAB01-TBIB17flBI Rational AdmttaUB Bepreoentatlvoi DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON. — Here is a case of scandalous grain finagling which the Fountain Committee should investigate. It involves bribery of Texas officials, deceit practiced against U. S. Grain Inspectors, and political pull exercised in the highest places in Washington. It is the case of an Argentine company, the Bunge Corporation, mixing Canadian frost - bitten wheat imported, into the United States as "hog-feed unfit for human consumption," with top- grade government wheat, and then shipping it abroad to foreign buyers. As a result, West Germany and Switzerland rejected this wheat and the foreign grain market was damaged for the American farmer. The fraudulent mixing of Canadian hog-feed with top-grade wheat was put across in conspiracy with E.H, Thornton, manager of the Galveston docks, who was indicted criminally. "I gave orders," Dock Manager Thornton said under oath, "to slug as many ships as possible. " 'Slugging'," he explained, "was to put as much of these off- grades on as you can get by with." * Asked why U.S. Agriculture Department Inspectors didn't catch this, Thornton replied: "it isn't the inspector, it's the sampler. He is there, but it's a hundred feet from one hatch to the other. He has to walk that 100 feet, and these ships that we might have selected to slug would start at night. And he can't climb from one hatch to another in a few minutes." Bribery of Dock Manager Testimony indicated some of the big grain companies deliberately . shipped, spoiled wheat from Canada, where inspection is much stricter, to American ports where ' inspection is lax. This gave them a three-way advantage: 1, Lower duty on wheat classified as hog- feed; 2, Getting paid the U.S. gov. ernment subsidy for export; 3, Getting a share of top-grade U.S. government wheat for which their spoiled wheat was substituted. AH this was accomplished through friendly elevator managers. Testimony revealed that $5,500 was paid to D. J. Sweeney, Assistant Superintendent of Elevator B at Galveston during the three-year ^period that Canadian hog-feed was secretly mixed and loaded. The payments were made by S. P. Perich, vice president of the Stone Forwarding Co., which handled all shipments for the Bunge Corp. One revealing, letter to W. G. Kellogg of the Bunge office in Minneapolis from R. E. Bailey in Fort Worth, indicated that other corporations were trying to get in on the wheat "slugging" racket. "The Galveston wharf manager told me that Cargill had been applying much pressure to get a good mix out of the gulf but that he was going to take care of Bunge first, as he appreciated file current association. You, of course, know the details of our arrangement with him." When this letter was read by the Senate Agriculture Committee to Elevator Manager Thornton, he commented: "Well, we take care of oudi customers. Cargill was not a customer of ours." Ike Intervenes When E. H. Thornton and officials of the Burige Co. were about to go on trial, following their indictment, Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas flew to Washington, Jan. 25, 1955, lunched with President Eisenhower, and on Feb. 12, at . a hurriedly called special Saturday session of the U.S. .District Court in Houston, the Justice Department asked that the criminal indictments be dropped. Orders had come direct from Attorney General Brownell. E. H. Thornton is the father of- E. H. Thornton, Jr., then Texas Highway Commissioner and Gov, Shivers' campaign manager. They were roommates in college. Although the Bunge Corporation, which cannot go to jail, pleaded guilly and was fined $5,000, the incident created a bad precedent air; to law enforcement for grain inspection in Texas. Some other <:ases did go lo trial. Three officials of the Transit Grain Co. of Fort Worth, who a!so slugged shipij, were fined $20,000 each and givtin three years in jail, while the agiinls for Bunge Corp. in Houston, who were caught bribing Willinm Fellrath, manager of the Houston Public- Elevator, to the tune of )l (4,228, did go to trial and were co wictcd. Nevertheless, the word got around Texas that if you knew the right people in Washington you didn't have 1; > worry about cheating Uncle Sa n on crop surpluses- This lax alriosphore unquestionably led to :-ach cases as that of Billie Sol Esies. As E. H. Thornton bragged under oath to Die Senate Agriculture Committee: ! '0n foggy days the windows of lie elevator would be conveniently left open to permit moisture to enter the elevator, thereby increasing the weight of the wheat. This practice would inure to the benefit of the elevator as ovenijes. "During a five-year period we made a profit of over a million dollars on o"erages." This did n<tt take into account, of course, thii effect on the American wheat market abroad when foreign customers received moldy wheat. Headlines and Footnotes While Housie aides have appealed privately n Henry Ford, II, to build a Ford plant in Berlin to help bolster that city . . . Gen. Fred Smith is not retiring PS the Air Force's vice chief tecause of poor health, as claimed. There is nothing wrong with him except for a mild i.ase of hypertension,which was Iknown before his appointment la ft year. The truth is that Gen. Ourtis Le May, the cigar-chomping Air Force Chief, simply didn'l like Smith, offered him a lesser job he couldn't take, then gruffly fired him ._. . Adm, George Andirson, the Navy Chief, has urged Ciat the United States turn the tallies on the Russians and send spisce ships into northern waters to witch their forthcoming nuclear test!. The Russians have been using six ships—three on station at a time — to observe American tails in the Pacific. Almanac By United Press International Today is Monday, June 4, the 155th day of the 'year with 210 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The mor.iing stars are Mars, Jupiter andi Saturn. The even jig star is Venus. On this c ; ay in history: In 1800, the finishing touches were put m the White House. In 1896, lienry Ford wheeled the first Ford 'jar from a brick shed in 'Detroit i:nd drove it around the darkened city streets in a trial run. In 1942, the Bailie of Midway began and Ihe Japanese fleet suffered its first decisive defeat of World War n at the hands of the United Staf >s. In 1944, U.S. and British soldiers occupied Rome, the first axis capital to fall lo the Allies. Public Forum The Pliaros-Tribuno invites views of its readers. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and must be signed by tbe writer with address. A request to use initials, and not tbe full name, wil not be honored. Address letters to: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Ind. HUBERT King Features Syndicate, Inc., 106g. World rfehta "The bill's high, because when. I droveiia to have the fender straightened I wnaated their garage door." i

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