gjjjl 11 Panama City News-Herald, Monday, Oct. 8. 1951 The Forrestal Diaries First Secretary of Defense is Named Amid Mounting Crises; China, Greece Studied 11. Firtt Secretary of Defense At the Harvard commencement on June 5. 1947, the Secretary of State delivered the address which became the starting point of the Marshall Plan for European recovery. At the time, the dangerous developments in China b u l k e d much larger in Forrestal's diary notes. At a State-War-Navy meeting of June 19 Admiral Denfeld gave his impresion thai the Chinese situation was one "of a continuing and general disintegration with the clear indication that the Russians will come in as we go out." At a Cabinet lunch on June 23 the subject recurred: \ CABINET LUNCHEON i Â£3 June 1947 Mr. Marshall said he had been searching for and inviting some suggestions of some positive action that we might take. . . . i The C h i n e s e are apparently . starting another drive around town ; to enlist further help for the N a : tionlist government, using particul- : ly the danger of Communism as their chief argument. Snyder said that he had four or five invitations in the last ten days to dine . with the Chinese Ambassador. . . .At the State-War-Navy meeting on June 26 the "first and only sub- j ject was China.") RISING ANXIETY OVER CHINA STATE-WAR-NAVY 26 June 1947 The Secretary of State stated that he had been searching for a positive and constructive formula to deal with the Chinese situation which, he said, showed every sign of disintegration. We were confronted, he said, by the dilemma created by the incompetence, inef- ficency and stubbornness of the C e n t r a l government--qualities which made if very difficult to help them. He cited the military ineptitude of their leaders, the cashiering of the only generals who had produced successful campaigns, of the instability of their leadership and the appalling lack of an organization to deal wkh the vast and complex economic and social problems on China. . . . I made the observation that we could not draw entirely oblique conclusions about C h i n a today without realizing that part of the antipathy, which Marshall h a d quoted was now m o u n t i n g in China, derived from the Yalta agreement in which we gave away- certain of the sovereign rights of China in order to get the Russians Into the war. . . .Marshall agreed that this unfortunate fact was a substantial factor in the present rising unpopularity of the U.S.A. j in China. } I gave it as my view that we should continue to supply support : and ammunition to the Central j government troops, pointing out | that this was in consonance with j the commitment we had taken with i that government along with Rus- j sia, that no matter how difficult i the situation became we should j not withdraw entirely from China ; TASK OFFERED TO FORRESTAL ! 'The diary notes show the Ad- i ministration's continuing a n x i e t y ; about China during the following ' weeks; they do not, however, in- ; dicate that any clear-cut decisions ' were achieved. In the meanwhile, ; Forresters own career was ap- | preaching a new cli:n:::c The rnili- ' tary unification bi'i w;r- :it k-:v-.t, nearing enactment in substantially Â· the form for which Forrestal had , been working for nearly two years; | but even with the adoption of the : conference report on J u l y 25 there ; was still no definite word as ro i who would become Secretary of j Defense, and Congress was to ad- ' journ the next day. : (Forrestal was at the White House on the morning of July 26. i The President's aged mother. Mrs. : Martha E. Truman, was sinking : in her last illness zr-.d the Presi- i dent's plane w a ~ ready at the National Airport ;o ' Â« k e him to h^r in Missouri. Hi; w;-- w a k i n g only to receive the ?r:cro--r-r.! "opy of the unification l/ili 'ron; th'- C a p i - tol.) CONVERSATION-PRESIDENT T R l ' M A N 26 July 1947 Talked with the Pro-.-:.(Â·' President told me he p r o p send my name '.". a - . f- of Defense. Bob P a r - r - r fir. v take it. He said he had Â·:Â·. him about it. but Patter: so hard put to -'. 'or r.v,' he felt he was unabk- \^ Â·Â·Â·Â·. PT in tfovernmr-n'.. T '"id *'Â·Â·. dent 1 would have br-f-n :Â· r to serve under P;it' r -r--'/.". long as I could be ' ; s f f - ; i of them. The Pre:-:dfn' i that Patterson ro ; ;H r.o' Bldered for the r^;i--';r; Â· Â· ; - . ' I asked the Pr'..-.-;dÂ·Â·Â·-.: he intended that co:/o: of Itary establishm'-:'.' Â·.-':Â·,Â·Â·:'.' civilian hand';. \. r " Â·Â«:;-Â·: I :Â· Â·was the way I propo'-'od cis-e the POWT-- ;.-. *hr- repeated ino:: f-rr.-.:..Â·-.Â·;' ;Â·Â· that v/a- hi.s "Â·Â·:. Â·::Â· *:.': had his f u l l ^ ;jr;." v. ;,: :;. ; ing or, thfe*. 'Â·Â·;Â·.:Â·Â·. Air a:;d for ti.^- N ^ v - ; Â· frequently more difficult as partners than strangers. NOMINATION QUICKLY APPROVED (Ultimately the President departed for the airport. There, sitting in his plane, he received and signed the bill; he also signed the nomination of James Forrestal as Secretary of Defense. The nomination was favorably reported to the Senate the same afternoon, and confirmed by a voice vote in an end-of-session jam, in the early hours of July 27. (The appointment brought Forrestal to a new apex of popular acclaim. His replies to the con- gratulat/ory letters that came flooding in reveal the deep sense of dedication with which he faced his new tasks: those to his older associates also reveal the doubts that accompanied it. "This office," he wrote to Robert Sherwood on Aug. 27, "will probably be the greatest cemetery for dead cats in history." "If I don't do this job well,""he wrote to Symington, "I certainly can't blame lack of support--although, as you observed this morning, honeymoons are soon over and roses are soon followed by bricks." To another he declared that "when I finish this assignment my public service is ended, period. You have got to like politics if you w a n t to be successful in it, and I frankly don't." And in still another letter he observed that "the difficulty of government work is that it not only has to be well done, but the public has to be convinced that it is being well done. In other words, there is a necessity both for competence and exposition, and I hold it is extremely difficult to combine the two in the same person." CRISES IN MANY LANDS 'And then in the same letter he added one of his favorite dicta: "The removal of human frictions is a substantial part of administration, whether it is in government or business." Such was the spirit in which he took up a post which was to involve more "human frictions" perhaps, than any other in government, and which at the same time carried the most direct responsibility for the security and survival of the United States in an increasingly darkening hour. fHow dark it seemed is apparent from a Cabinet in early August. CABINET 8 August 1947 Secretary Marshall made a brief presentation of the world situation. Conditions b o t h economically and politically critical in Britain, Greece, France, Italy. He expressed .sharp resentment of the British action in precipitating now their d e c i s i o n f o r troop withdrawal from Greece, pointing out that they had substantial numbers in Japan, Germany and elsewhere which ror!d be reduced without any effect, and also pointing out that the announcement of the decision for the w i t h d r a w a l from Greece was timed to occur the day after the Russian vc;o m the United Nations of the proposal for a continuing border commission on the Greek- Macedonian-Yugoslav frontier. The British decisions and actions were obviously conditioned by political considerations a t h o m e , p r i n c i p a l l y the desperate struggle for s u r v i v a l of the Labor party. H a r r i m a n . asked for his views, expressed himself as being most concerned over the course of British policy. The extreme Left-wingers: have been pre:;sing: (a) To reduce British m i l i t a r y strength, b i To get out of Greece. i c To push even more vigorously on nationalization of industry. It is a serious question whether we should u n d e r w r i t e the stability of a government, whose objectives seen to be moving f a r t h e r to the Left as they lose the .support of (_Â·'.Â·;Â·Â·] ir,'':'\'-V ."Â· I . Â· Â· ' Â· : ' Â· Â· : ; \ \ ' - . Thp Next Article-- "Men and Issues". ' C o p y r i g h t . 1951. New York H e r n l d T r i b u n f , JITM Fire-Prevention Practice Urged Damage Here Far Below Year Ago Fire Chief Alfred Norris today i called for observance of Fire Pre' vent ion Week, proclaimed by Pres' ident Truman for Oct. 7-13, "by : actually practicing fire preven- i tion." ; Fire damage in Panama City this year is far below 1950 figures for the same period and the department is stressing added safety during this week. "We answered 328 calls for the first nine months of 1951 where property was damaged in the amount of $17,339," said Norris. "Last, year 285 calls were received and property damage totaled $46,426." A seven-point program was out! lined by Chief Norris for continued fire safety. He quoted the National Fire Protection Association that ; nine out of ten fires could be avoided just by taking a few simple \ steps to eliminate common haz- , ards. The chief urged local residents to inspect their chimneys, heating apparatus, and electrical connections. He said added caution should be taken with cigarets and matches and that flammable liquids should ; be used with care. Crash North of Jax Kills 1, Injures 2 JACK.SOXVT-.I.F: '.? - one man Â·Â·'Â·Â·Â·. k!;Â·Â·".-Â· ; t i ; r : ;-.vo h u r t in a t h r p e - ; i ' J ' o ' Â· ; Â· ; : :. :.o;-'h o! the c i t y e a r l y ^"Â·i: f \::y. ' I h " r i ' M f l i i a n was i f l n n - . :.::Â·Â·'! :..Â·Â·. H:,ro!ci p; H-ails. W,. J a : k - Â·-.Â·-:.-.Â·:;:Â·Â·. I ) : ; v ; i i C o u n t y P a t r o l m a n : Â· ' Â· Â· ' ' ' w.-.- Â·Â· '.oppfd ;u;ci swunc; i t nit.o ' Â· ' Â· Â· Â· Â· Â·Â·Â·'.' i'i;:r.:.i; t h f opposite "Â·"Â·'Â·"Â· Â·''Â· K I)'-:-.t.in;i:!. Esoni Hi!l. 'Â·'- . ! ' ! ' Â· : . ' i f i r - d by the p u ' r o l n i a r ; :.' f . p c - r a i o r of t.hf c a r t h a t \v:is '.-.'I'i-.i- t:,;!!i ;i h f U i of t h o w o r l d ' s '".,Â· 'Â· :. ; Â· - Â· Â· : -,'.Â·" _ Â·'Â·Â·'Â· ; ' ; b b ( : n ' h n News of Soil Conservation BY J A. SORENSEX EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL SERVICE AGENT The presence of oak wilt in Buncombe and Haywood Counties in western North Carolina and in Green and Coclte Counties in eastern Tennessee was reported recently by the United States Department of Agriculture. The infested trees were found by a survey crew of forest pathologists from the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering searching for indications of the disease in that area where oaks have a high commercial value as forset trees. "The finding of oak wilt in these ! and a number of new locations in j other states during the summer is i a cause for increasing concern j that the disease may be much ! more widely distributed than pre- I viously known," says Marvin Fow- I ler, in charge of the forest tree I disease surveys. "If left uncheck- Â· ed, it may eventually spread over j the entire eastern half of the Unit- I ed States." i The wilt attacks shade and orna- I mental oaks as well as those in forest stands. No oak species has yet been found to be immune to this killing disease. Oaks of any : age or size may be attacked. The fungus causing the disease develops more rapidly on red and j black oaks than on white Oaks. Red oaks show it first in the upper ! crown. The leaves become a dull I light green, curl upward, and then i before falling may turn yellow to ; reddish brown. All leaves may fall ' within a month from the first ap- ; pearance of symptoms. I Trees may be dead within a ; year. Sucker growth often appears ; on trunk or branches of wilt-in: fected trees, but it soon succumbs to the fungus. On red and black oaks the wilt kills the stump and . roots, so that the usual regenera- l tion method of the oaks (by stump sprouting) cannot take place. The fungus spores may survive two years in stumps. In white and bur oaks one or more branches in any part of the top may first show wilt symptoms leaves or parts of them turn tan to brown or dark green and may appear to be water-soaked. Some dead leaves cling. The wilt does not spread so rapidly in these oaks, but it kills them. Mr. Fowler suggests that owners of suspicious trees send short sections of branches to the plant pathologist at their State agricultural experiment station for diagnosis, or contact their county agent. Oak wilt has been discovered and is now known to be present in localities in Wisconsin. Minnesota, Nebraska. Iowa. Illinois, Missouri, Ohio. Kansas. Arkansas, Indiana, Michigan. Pennsylvania, West Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennes- Fortunately, oak wilt has not been found in our fine oaks in Florida, and we know everyone is hopinsr that it. will not show up in our .state. We have presented this information to let you know that the disease has shown up in other , states and to suggest that you send a b r a n c h specimen to the Agricul- t u r a l Experiment S t at i o n in Gaincsvillr, Glorida. if you notice symptoms such as the ones we ' have mentioned on your oak trees. machine ;ould Dr. McDonald added. Dr. McDonald warned, however, against indiscriminate use of the X-ray shoe-fitting device, pointing out that too frequent use of even a correctly-adjusted be dangerous. "Customers should be limited to a maximum of three fittings in any one day and 12 fittings in any one year." he advised. "Customers should not be allowed to operate the machine and the number of X-ray fittings in any one store should be limited to 50 in any one day, as a protection for gales personnel and others assigned to work near the device. "For continued safe operation the machines should be kept in good repair, the metal filter in the floor of the foot opening should be protected from wear, and the intensity of stray radiation should be checked frequently." STUDENT COUNCIL OY J^HS--Twelve students wui lead stnaent attain at Jinks Jomor hirh school durini the 1951-52 school year. They are (seated, left to ri e ht): iÂ»n Bailey, eighth rrade secretary treasurer- Sally Barlowe, seventh jrade council president; Joyce Nichols, seventh rrade vice-oresident- MUlard SinÂ«letary, ninth grade secretary-treasurer; and (standing) Ronnie Rutherford ninth rrade council president; Ted Haney, eighth grade vice-president; Jackie Jackson, ninth grade vice orcsident- Paul Cooley, ninth grade vice-president also; Cindy Brock, ninth grade secretary-treasurer- Jim Hokanson' ninth grade council president; and Martha Gotten, eighth grade council president Not 'shown is Carol Schneider, seventh grade secretary-treasurer. (Staff Photo). Jinks Junior High Elects Officers For Year's Term Student council presidents for the coming year at Jinks Junior High School are Ronnie Retherford and Jim Hokanson from the ninth grade; Martha Cotton from the eighth grade; and Sally Barlowe from the seventh grade. All except Hokanson won in the second primary held Friday at the school. Each grade voted on the candidates from that grade. Hokanson was elected Wednesday on the first ballot. Vice-presidents who will take office for the first time this year are Jackie Jackson and Paul Cooley. ninth grade; Ted Haney, eighth grade; and Joyce Nichols, seventh grade. The office of secretary trearurer of the student councils will be neld by Cindy Brock and Millard b'.n- gletary, ninth grade, Ian Bailey, eighth grade; and Carol Schneider, seventh grade. This year marks a change In the student council operations procedure. Each grade will have a separate council with the Ninth grade having a council for the Morning sections and Afternoon sections of Basic Education, the new curriculum offering at Jinks Junior High School. The voting was brisk and spirited with campaigning continuing up until the time of vote-casting Friday norning. Campaign posters covered the walls of the corridors and candidates did everything but kiss babies. Campaign slogans were both artistic and original. For President Gotten of the eighth grade, one poster stated simply "Stuff the box with cotton," and a picture of a box with real cotton hanging out the top was displayed. An interesting sidelight of the election is that both presidents from the ninth grade did no campaigning- No posters requesting votes were made and only one campaign speech was made at the assembly program last Tuesday. X-Ray Machines For Shoe Fitting Kept in Repair JACKSONVILLE, --fSpecial) -Of the U shoe - fitting X-ray machines in Florida found emitting too much stray radiation, eight have been corrected and placed back into service, says the Florida State Board of Health. The remaining six are being readjusted and are being withheld from operation pending a check to be sure they can be used within safe limits, says Dr. John M. McDonald, director of the state health agency's Division of Industrial Hygiene. That division made a survey of 110 of the X-ray shoe-fitting "machines in Florida and found only 14 operating beyond safe limits, Hoover Dam on the Colorado River is 726 feet high. Untied Church Men's Campaign: Protestant Laymen Launch Community Service Program CINCINNATI OW--A movement to mobilize Protestant laymen everywhere io a program of church and in a program of church and corn- community serv' -e will be launched here Sunday with the inauguration of the United Church Men. The new group, backed by 31 million Protestants of many denominations, aims to "find a Christian solution to the ailments of society and the bewildering problems of our fellow men," in the words of one of its spokesmen. It was organized by the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A., an interdenominational group of 29 Protestant and And Comes Now A Singing Mouse From Mississippi BRANDON, Miss. fjJV-Comes now a mouse that can sing. Don't believe it? Neither did Ernest Barton, staff writer on the Jackson, Miss., Clarion-Ledger, until he heard the inch-long creature warble here. He got the serenade at the invitation of its owner. Bill Bass. Bass caught the mouse after a week of disturbance by what he thought was a mocking bird. He put the mouse in a jar and the musical twittering came forth with hollow-sounding reverberations as if the mouse were singing in a shower. Bass couldn't believe what he beard and the family pledged to teep the thing quiet lest the neighbors think. . . Finally Bass told a brother who called the Clarion-Ledger. | "We listened sympathetically to j his story, hoping all the time he | would go to bed and sleep it off," j said Barton taking up the story. ! "Skeptically we agreed to go in- j terview the mouse," said Barton, j 'We were convinced and we got out of there fast. The blamed thing j might have started talking." four Eastern Orthodox bodies whose membership totals 31 million. The inauguration of the laymen's group, to be held in Taft Auditorium Sunday night, will follow a two-day session of its 200-member board of managers. They re sent all denominations in the Na tional Council. E. Urner Goodman of New York, general director of United Church Men. said he was certain the new body would "open the front door of the church to laymen." "Too often," he declared, "the layman has shuffled in at the side entrance and left by the back door." Here's how Goodman describes the objectives of United Church Men: "To help laymen give a more effective account of their Christian convictions; to encourage them to enter into a reciprocal help agreements with their local ministers; stimulate a Christian action program in the local church and in the community; and to build a fellowship and a sense of oneness among Christians of all denominations." Many well known persons are on the board of managers. They include Grove Patterson, editor-in- chief of the Toledo Blade; Dr. Arthur S. Fleming, president of Ohio Wesleyan University; Harvev S. Firestone, Jr., of the" Firestoi; Tire and Rubber Co.; Charles Wilson, director of defense mobilization, and Harold E. Stassen, president of the University of Pennsylvania. Travancore is a popular vacation area in India. You may know what your costs are but ... do you know what they should be? GEORGE S.MAY COMPANY C5u*vm**- c-w4oiu4iuii4 Cintral DIvilUn df. CWÂ«9Â« i. III. E*tablltb*d 1*25 Wounded By Strafing Navy Plane, Gl Says BATTLE CREEK, Mich. (M-- A hospitalized Korean War veteran says that a strafing Navy plane shot off his left hand" and killed or wounded an estimated 40 other members of his rifle company. The account of an apparent mix- up came from Pvt. Peter K. Pivato, 22, of Cleveland. He arrived at Percy Jones General Hospital here Thursday after being flown from Japan.- The soldier's story has been denied by a qualified source of the Far East Naval Command. The source said that the command had no planes in the area at the time described by Pivato. A confidential report, however, has been sent to the secretary of the Navy in Washington, this source said. The N a t i o n a l Geographic Society snys U. .S. auto license plates now arc- v a l i d in many European coun- trir:; under a United Nations agree- ROBBERY SUSPECT HELD JACKSONVILLE W -- Jack A. Donahey. 23. of Largo, Fla., is charged with the robbery of T i m u - . quana Country Club here Saturday. Deputy Sheriff Mel Drane paid Ti- muquana Manager J. T. Larkin identified Donahey Sunday as one ! of two bandits who tied him up 1 and robbed the safe of $2.500. "Hot flashes" of change of life stopped Was W known together. I ?..?.; 'j BetterCoHgh Relief ail to stop When new drugs or old your cough or chcit cold i -/t dciav. Creomuhion contain', only rfc. hcip- faJ, proven ingredients and no narcotics to disluib nature's process. It fjM right to the seat of the trouble to Â·id nature soothe and heal raw, ten- tnftamed bronchial membranes. Meed to pleate you or druggirt i money. Crcnniukion has atood At tnt of many million* of u*ers. CREOMULSION or strikingly relieved in 63-80%* of the cases in doctors' tests! Â·Thu:r- .suffocating "heat wavrs" --- ;i!; " m a t i n g with nervous, cl:u;;;\y let-lings -- and accom- ]r..::. :Â·:'.[ often by restless irri- Â· : i b ; l : - y ;inci nervousness -- arc nown to women suffering nctionally-caused distress ddle life '"change"! want relief from surh s u f . And -- chances are- you Â· Â·;-.:; Ki-l it. Thrilling relief! T'lrir:!::; to two fcnnoiiS Lydia I':ji'':ham medicines.' Quests Hf/to strayed to dinner spread disease and filth! ound and Tablets brought from such distress in 63 and Tftectively of the cases U::,U'd. Complete or tlrikiny relief! Amazing, you say? Not to the many thousands of women who know from experience what these Lydia Pinkhara medicines can do! Their action-- actually -- is very modf-m. They exert Â· ncientlncally calming, toothing effÂ«ctl Try l,yd;a PinWwun's on the baMs of medical evidence! See if you, too. don t gain Mewed Â«Uef from those Urnble "hot fUthes" and weakoeM M common in "ebaof* of life." . wwrfc. It BCM through e. ircmtcn's mtm- Â·patli'-tu- ntrvoits tyitrm to yirt rriinf /rum tt\t "hot flathfs" ana. Otfifr of "change o/ life." Don't put it off! Get Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound or new, improved Tablets with added iron llrioUizf only 9fj. Wonderful -- too -- for the functional pains, crarape. "dÂ«f|Â«dHMit" feelings and other dlMomfort of monthly menstrual ptrtodftl Vote For The Dog Track * * You Should Be Proud To Vote "For" Greyhound Racing Bay County Your Obligation As A Resident and Tax Payer Depends Upon The Way You Vote In Tomorrow's Election.... VOTE "FOR" THE DOG TRACK Let's Do OUR SHARE In Helping To Increase Bay County's Revenue By A Vote In Favor 0 f Greyhound Racing.... IF WE CANNOT GIVE LETS STOP RECEIVING Think This Over and Cast Your Vote Tomorrow For A Greyhound Race Course Bay County. PANAMA CITY GREYHOUND ASSOCIATION, BAY COUNTY. PmM Harry Edwards, Acting Treasurer.
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