Daily News from London, Greater London, England on November 26, 1862 · 5
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Daily News from London, Greater London, England · 5

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Wednesday, November 26, 1862
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-iiCimtAPIIICjNTELLIGENCE. (REl'TEB'S telegrams.) THE PRINCE OF WALES. CIVITA VECCHIA, Nov. 24, Evening. T1,PPriJe of Wales has embarked here in the royal yacht Osborne, for Toulon or Marseilles. THE ITALIAN PARLIAMENT. 1 TURIN, Nov. 25. in to dav's sitting of the Chamber of Deputies, or Niootera sought to prove that Signer : bad at the commencement of his administration endeavoured to effect an alliance with the martv of the Left. ... Stmor Nieotera also spoke of promises having hpj made to him by Signer Kattazzi, relative to the national armament and reforms in the ad- W r1nS,t,!.vaiCiiia explained his conduct in the go-ent of Sicily. He stated that Garibaldi W promised to leave the island, and that it was rjswv to temporise, in order to avoid sanguinary collisions' -- - . Garibaldi suddenly entered Catania. SiTior Rattam will reply to-morrow. ... ? . IHlVUlcr i it j cuwu.vua PRANCE. PARIS, Nov. 25. The Patrie of this evening contradicts the report that Marshal Raudon had been sent to Rome on an extraordinary mission. The Paris journals of tins evening state that the Turenne has been despatched to the Greek waters. HESSE CASSEL. CASSEL, Nov. 25. An orderly with despatches from the Prussian oovevnroent arrived here early this morning. It is reported that he luis orders to wait 24 hours for auv answer it may be decided to return. Lieutenant Field-Marshal von SchmerUng is expected to-day upon a special mission from Austria. PRUSSIA. BEKLIN.Nov.25. The Prussian government forwarded a despatch yesterday evening to the government of Electoral Hesse. The contents of the despatch are not known, but are supposed to refer to the recent measures of the Elector. BERLIN, Nov. 25, Eveothg. ti :,. -scoorl in diplomatic circles that in the I n(-P Snatched to the government of Electoral Thence the reports of secret conspiracies, the pub-nL this morning, Prussia reminds the Elector lioation by the govermnen, iiowvdataonr of the engagement entered into by mm in June last, and points out the steps that the Prussian government might take should the budget not be laid before the Chamber. THE PARIS BOURSE. PAKIS, Nov. 25, 3.25 p.m. The Bourse has been irregular. Rentes closed at 70.25, or 15c. higher than yesterday. PORTUGAL. SOUTHAMPTON, Nov. 25. The Tagus, Captain Hall, from Madeira on the 13tkand Lisbon on the 19th iast., arrived here this evening, with seven passengers, 491?. in specie, 30 oxen, and 745 packages of general cargo. She spoke the English barque Hercules off the Start, on the 24th inst. The English corvette Perseus arrived at Madeira on the Uth, and sailed for the Brazils on the 13th inst. At Madeira the weather was fine, and the orange crop large. There were few visitors. The English ship Ruby, bound to Vera Cruz, had put into Vigo, to repair the damage she had sustained inconsequence of bad weather. FRANCE. (FBOlt CDR OWN CORRESPONDENT. ) The following appeared in our Evening Edition of yeateruay.J PARIS, Mondav Evening. The Patrie made a sad mull of it last night when it represented, as a piece of recent and startling news, that Baron do Bruunow had formally informed Lord Russell of the intention of Russia to stand by the protocol of 1830 with regard to the throne of Greece, and would not recognise any sovereign belonging to either of the three inter-lint nrl f-ivmlips The France, with a tender eupbem- asm, now explains tnat us uuinraujnMoij . mrmf won nvf that it was the British government, and not the rtrfip.ismv correuu a-uo w cabinet of St. Petersburg, wnicn took tne initiative in the matter, and the despatch of Prince Gortchakotf, alluded to by the Fatm, is but a reply to one from London. Some days before the revolution broke out at Athens, Lord Russell thought it advisable to sound the governments of France and Russia as to the possible consequences of that revolution, and be put the direct question whether those powers considered Article 3 of the protocol signed at London on February 3, 1830, as still binding. Both France and Russia answered in the affirmative, and there has been no exchange of diplomatic notes on the subject since. Such is the statement of the France, which I have no doubt is correct. But the English government has in all probability many proofs in hand that since that time Russia and France have been moving heaven and earth to secure the election of their protege, the Duke de Louchteuberg. Now, therefore, that the Greek people are manifesting their desire to elect Prince Alfred, these two powers are hoist with their own petard. It may be true, as some of the journals say to-night (although I know nothing of the fact), that the English government has no idea of allowing Prince Alfred to accept the throne, but that it would not be sorry to see him elected, in order that a basis of negotiation might be attained for extinguishing the pretensions of the Duke do Leuchteuberg. The precedent of the Belgian election in 1831 is referred to. The Duke de Nemours was chosen for king by the Belgian Congress. Louis Philippe refused the throne tendered to his son, and it came out that his name was only allowed to be used for a time in order to get rid of the Duke de Leuchteuberg, the father of the young man whom France now wants to set up m Greece. The France says that the news of Prince Alfred s candidature has made an immenso sensation in St. Petersburg, and that the Russian government lias resolved not to take any step without an understanding with France. Meanwhile, all the letters inillislif.H 1- i,o TTrMiph innrnals confess, with muni, w;i;.v .,,,! .,,!, tli.it, the Greeks will cer tainly elect Priuce Alfred by an overwhelming maioritv. imW tliov shall be orevented. In this peculiar state of circumstances, the best thing evidently is to let the Greeks alone. They will say whether they best like Prince Alfred or the Duke de Louchteuberg, and then the governments may discuss their treaties afterwards with reference to the general interests of all parties, not forgetting of course, in the discussion, a great deal of modern doctrine about treaties which France has recently mtroduced and acted upon. The Temps observes that the sudden respect for treaties professed by the government journals has been wrought as if by the stroke of a fairy wand since the name of Prince Alfred has loomed m Greece. The Bourse has agaiu been very heavy. Rente fell 20c. for cash and 10c. for account, closing at 70fr. and 70fr. 10c. Mobilier fell 25fr., and the Italian Loan 10c. The Lyons Railway fell 7f r. 50o. , and Southern 10c, and the other lines are about 2fr. Otic, lower. A Greek journal observes that, by a singular coincidence, tho deputation charged to offer the crown of Greece to Prince Otho arrived in Munich on the loth Oct., 1SS2, nnd that it was on the 13th Oct., 1862, that King Otho left Athons to return no more. POLAND. (from a cobbesponeent. WARSAW, Nov. 17. The preliminary measures for the recruiting are nearly concluded, and the population is awaiting with dread the execution of this wholesale act of proscription. Warsaw presents the aspect of a town taken by storm ; the garrison is increased, patrols and guards doubled, private dwellings are daily broken into, and their inmates carried away. Young and middle-aged men are lodged in the citadel, there to await their final incorporation into the imperial army. The brutality and the insolence of these domiciliary visits baffles all description, and no other resource is left to the families but bribery and passive submission. As any prey the police might make is paid and rewarded by the government, people have great difficulty in rescuing their relatives by ransom, They pay only for tlie alleviation of the brutality and rapine of the agents of the government. No day elapses without a certain number of young men being dragged to the citadel. The recruiting is not yet commenced, but they are kept thare to make sure of their services for their Imperial master. Although ostensibly this recruiting is to be made according to the census, the numerous exceptions in this mode of impressment, specified in the special ukase issued on this matter for the Polish proviuces, and the extreme latitude given by it to the local authorities, leave every one at the mercy of the government officials. Even the usual laws for recruiting, issued under the terrorism of the Czar Nicholas, are suspended for this occasion, in order to facilitate the wholesale gathering in of the youth of the nation. The large number of conscripts allotted to Poland, and the exceptions made for the peasants, leave the whole weight of the visitation upon the middle and upper classes and the town people. But these advantages given to the peasants, in order to detach them from the national union, preserve their Muscovite character ; for some additional clauses screen only those who are out of age for military duty, and restore the fullest liberty of action to the satraps intrusted with the carrying out of the measure. On looking upon the present state of things in Poland, and considering the doings of the government, any impartial witness can perceive that j it does all in its power to provoke an open outbreak, iseing at tuis moment in u posiuim lu face and to crush any insurrectional movement, the government wishes for such an event, for it would place it, in certain quarters, in the advantageous position of the attacked, and to some degree justify the pang inflicted upon Poland. Public opinion, abroad and in Russia itself, sides with the victims, and the Muscovite government wants ease and glory ;,, : nrdiov of aserrandisement and agglomeration, proclamations purpuitcu uavo uccu owavu abroad, the incessant irritations and defiance of the normlation. and the facility given to the circu- K .'. . - l .1 J lation ot innammaiory pampmeis aim uimmoo-tine journals, such as the Buck, the Straznica, the Kossinier, which, under such watchful and suspicious regimen as is the Muscovite, are allowed to be almost publicly sold by street boys. Fortunately, the nation is on its guard. It bears with superhuman fortitude this incessant martyrdom. It asserts by daily victims its rights and its vitality, but confronts with dignified and serene pas-siveness all provocations, leaving the responsibility and the disgrace ot its sunenngs upon muae wuu, in the midst of civilised and humane Europe, tortures, decimates, and demoralises a people once its barrier against Asiatic barbarity. We are here again informed by semi-official organs that the schools for the upper classes are to be opened shortly. It is a periodical rumour, brought forth in moments of organization to serve as a useful telegram for Europe ; but for the inhabitants there is very little prospect of gratification on this vital want oi the country. Pirst, several important chairs in these schools are as yet vacant through the impossibility of procuring able professors, many of them having declined to serve under such an educational system. Secondly, the gathering and matriculation of the students meet with serious .difficulties under the exceptional regimen ; and finally, the government will certainly draft into the army all the young men it can lay its hands upon before opening the schools. The long deprivation of educational institutions has aroused in the youthful generation rrrontoat BROTimess for studies, but many of these young men will be forced to spend their best years as sentries on the Persian or Chinese frontiers, or in the study of regimental exercise for the gratihcaUon ot tne urauu j-nus.es aim wic who constitute their entourage, and are alike the curse of Russia itself as of the peoples buuiuhipuu. iu . GREECE. A lofto from Athens of the 15th, in the Salut Public of Lvons. says : Tho oikiintinn of the countrv is not the same as it was a week ago. All the persons exiled for the affairs at Nauplia have returned, and they are, without exception, ardent partisans of the oandidateship of Prince Alfred of England for the throne of Greece. In foot, that name has become bo t.w, in manv towns the Prince's bust has been orowned by the peoplo and carried in prooession through the streets. The old parties, English, French, and Russian, have been re-formed in this crisis. The English party is the t t.,irlmlmt. the most exacting, and the most daring, because it comprises all the madmen who style themselves the principal authors of the last revolution, and because the government feels too weak to oppose them. They parade the bust of Prince Alfred, who is to bring to iiiiorm of THiunds sterling, an increase f tr,.;t.n nnd to embraco the Greek religion. The Trench and Eussian parties, as they are called, seem ainmWinir. How. indeed, could they act? They await, from France especially, from public opinion at least, since diplomaoy is silent, instructions how to act. Meanwhile, at Syra, the most mercantile town iu Greece, the merchants are shouting for Prince Alfred as King of Greece. They have crowned the Prince's bust in several commercial clubs and have paraded it through the town. There are the same tendencies in Messenia, Achaia (Patras), Corintlua, and all Acarnania (Missolonghi). At Athens, and even at the Phwus.the English party meet with no obstacles. And if .bnnia not officiallv declare the Prince's election impossible, I consider the demonstrations of the Greek tinn a k nd of mebiscite, wmcn wiu w oiBions of the future National Assembly. ITALY. Airaiftnraim amounts from Turin, the ma ioritv of the Chamber contemplate the establish- J 4- 1 nn,v,virapil n.a follows : ment oi a new numaw, i uv - . MM. Farini, President of Foreign Affairs ; Peruzzi, etii. Finances : Delia Rovere, War : Lougo, Navy ; Buoncompagni, Worship and U UWUO , v - - merce. PRUSSIA. T..,i; . Tnoini Pnh ic vv orfes ociaiu. a, win- The Kreute Zeitung gives the following as the text of the King of Prussia's repiy to a uepuMuou Resenting a loyal address : Your assurances strengthen me. I need support. I have recently had some sorrowful experience. I did not expect what has happoned, for my principles have not changed since my regency and accession to the throne. A bad spirit of seduction and error has spread in the country. It is necessary to put an end to this state of things ; for, should it continue, it is impossible to foresee the issue. I have remained the same, but many others have changed. By spreading tha false report that the Constitution is in danger, it was wished to make the people believe that the prerogatives of the Crown ought to be restricted. That is what I will never suffer. I know that I can always rely on your support. But there are others who stand aloof from me, and with those you must exercise all your influence. The Emperor Napoleon and his guests were out shooting on Saturday in that part of the forest of Com-piegne comprised between the Moulin and Croix St. Ouen roads. More than 1,400 head of game were brought down. THE DAILY NEWS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 26, THE SLAVE'S APPEAL TO GREAT BRITAIN. Bf FREDERICK DOUGLASS. Hear, I beseech you, my humble appeal, and grant this my most earnest request. 1 know your power, I know your justice, and, better still, I know your mercy, and with the moie con6dence I, in my imperfect speech, venture to appeal to you. Your benevolent sons and daughters, at great sacrifice of time, labour, and treasure, more than a quarter of a century ago, under the inspiration of an enlightened Christianity, removed the yoke of cruel bondage from the long bowed down necks of right-minded thousands of my race in your West India Mauds ; and later, a few of them, in their generosity, unasked, with silver and gold ransomed me from him who claimed me as his slave in the United States, aud bade me speak in the cause of the dumb millionsof ray countrymen stillin Blavery. Iam now fulfilling my appointed mission in making, ou the slave's behalf, this appeal to you. I am grateful for your benevolence, zoalous for your honour, but chiefly now I am concerned lest in the present tremendous crisis of American affairs you should be led to adopt a policy which may defeat the now proposed emancipation of my people, and forge new fetters of slavery for unborn generations of their posterity. You are now more than ever urged, both from within and from without your borders, to recognise the independence of the CO' called Confederate States of America. I beseech and implore you, resist this urgency. You have nobly resisted it thus long. You can, aud I ardently hope you will resist it still longer. The proclamation of emancipation by President Lincoln will become operative on the 1st day of January, 1863. The hopes of millions, long meted out and trodden down, now rise with every advancing hour. Oh ! I pray you, by all your highest and holiest memories, Must not the budding hopes of these millions by lending your countenance and extending your honoured and potent hand to the blood-stained fingers of the impious slaveholding Confederate States of America. For the honour of the British name, which has hitherto only carried light and joy to the slave aud rebuke and dismay to the slaveholder, do not in this great emergency be persuaded to abandon and contradict that policy of justice and mercy to the negro which has made your character revered and your name illustrious throughout the civilised world. Your enemies have even been compelled to respect, the sincerity of your philanthropy. Would you retain this respect, welcome not those brazen human fleshmongers those brokers in the bodies and souls of men who have dared to knock at your doorsfor ad mission in to the family of nations. Their pretended government is but a foul, haggard, and blighting conspiracy, against the sacred rights of mankind, aud does not deserve the name of government. Its foundation is laid in the impudent and heaven-insulting dogma that man may rightfully hold property in man, and flog him to toil like a beast of burden. Have no fellowship, I pray you, with these merciless menstonlers, but rather with whips of scorpions scourge them beyond the beneficent range of national brotherhood. You long ago fixed the burning brand of your reprobation upon the guilty brow of the whole slave system. Your philanthropy, religion, and law, your noblest sons, living and dead, have taught the world to loathe and abhor slavery as the vilest of all modern abominations. You have sacrificed millions of pounds and thousands of lives to arrest and put an end to the piratical slave traffic on the coast of Africa ; and will you now, when the light of your best teachingsisfindiugitsway to thedarkest corners of the earth, and men are beginning to adopt and practically carry out your benevolent ideas will you now, in such a time, utterly dishonour your high example and long-cherished principles ? Can you at the.Mdduig or importunity of those negro-driving lords of the lash, Mason and Morehead, whose wealth is composed of the wages of sable labourers, which chey have kept back by fraud and force, take upon you and your children the dreadful responsibility of arresting the arm now outstretched to break the chains of the American slave? Ah ! but I know the plea- the North as well as the South has wronged the negro. But must you, because the loyal States have been guilty of complicity with slavery, espouse the cause of those who are stdl more guilty? Must you, while you reprobate the guilty agent, embrace in the arms of your friendship the still more guilty principal ? Will you lash the loyal States for their want of a genuine detestation of slavery, and yet, in open day, form an alliance with a band of conspirators and thieves, who have undertaken to destroy the loyal government in order to make slavery per-not.nnl nnd universal on this continent? Will yon stand in the way of a righteous measure because it is urged by wrong motives? Will you prevent the slave from getting his duo because necessity, and not a sense ot moral omigauon, im. pels the payment ? Oh, Great Britain, again let me implore you by all things high and Bacred, fling away all false and selfish reasoning, and bear aloft higher than ever that standard of justice and humanity which has justly exalted you to the head ot cmusea nations. That the loval States have srievously wronged xne oiacK man, slave and free, is, alas ! too true. That these States even now, tor tne saue oi an empiy peiwe iui mmo us uone other while slavery continues), might be induced to receive the rebels, slavery and all, nacK into me unum, cannot well be disproved, and that their immeasurable blood-guiltiness is drawing down upon tnem ine nerce judgments they now suffer, is a most solemn and instructive truth for your contemplation, as well as for ours. There is no more exemption for nations than for individuals from me JUBS louiuuuuu uiw Hb.v t r---------- ------- gression. For the time being, America is the blazing iuus-tration of this solemn truth. But yesterday she sat as a queen among the nations of the earth, knowing no sorrow and fearing none. She killed some of her prophets, and stoned those who were sent unto her, and pointed to her great prosperity as a proof of her honesty. Tjt. thn evil dav is unon her : and she rnalriiiiT one wand ettorc tnrougn mooa auu tears, through tire and deatn, to return to ins oiro nf 1-TfirntnnnRrmsR HTH1 DSaCe. XII fclMJ 11U1UO.U1 W1D ourc, fotj fnr mwl nr for woe. trembles in the balance, and for the sake of a woe-smitten oountry, now straggling to save itself by doing right, I.entreatyou to beware what you do concerning us. Can it bo doubted that the hope, so persistently kept alive by such organs of British public opinion as the London Times and by such eminent statesmen as Mr. Gladstone, that the recognition of the independence of the Confederate States by Great Britain is only a question of time is one grand source ot tne strengw auu ioui uUi o.c.o-holders' rebellion ? Your early concession of belligerent rights to the rebels the adoption of a policy of neutrality between the?two the oft-repeated assertion in high places that the rebels can never be subdued the ill-concealed exultation sometimes witnessed over disasters to our arms the prompt aotion of your government m the Trent affair, happily settled by a ready and friendly com pliance with yonr aemana, Buuougu uuupiou irritating menace with much else wmcn it can no nogouu, ana might do harm to mention here, have evidently served the bad purpose ot Keeping lire ana sproi m wi horrible rebellion. I have no hesitation in saymgtnat it you, Great Britain, had, at tne outset oi mis lerauie ww, Bternly frowned upon the conspirators, and given your earnest and unanimous sympathy and moral support to the loyal cause, to-day might have seen Amenoa enjoying security and peace, and you would not have been the sufferer thBt in all your commercial and manufacturing interests you now are. The misfortune is, that your rebukes of the North have been construed into approval of the South. Your good opinion of the slaveholders has been construed as a renunciation of your former abhorrence of Blavery.andyou have tkuskeptthese Confederate slaveholders in countenance from the beginning of the war. But I will not deal in the language of reorimination : there has been far too muoh of this already on both sides. Nor will I argue the questions of difference between us. I can only appeal and entreat. Nevertheless, I will say that the issue between the North and South is seldom feirly stated in Great Britain by those who take the Southern side. The Federal government is held to be fighting for iuterests entirely apart from any connection with the welfare of the four million slaves of the South, Theoretically the statement has a show of truth, but practically it is entirely false. This sophistry found its way where little expected, into the speech of Mr. Gladstone at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, when he argued that the interests of the negro were likely to be better cared for under the Southern Confederacy than in the old Union. An intelligent and truthful answer to the question : Why did the South rebel against the Federal government ? will exhibit the unsoundness of that pretence. The whole history of the rebellion will show that the slaveholding rebels revolted, not because of any violation of the constitution, or any proposed violation of it, but from pure and simple opposition to the constitution itself, and because in their judgment that constitution does not sufficiently guard and protect slavery This first se nous objection to the Federal constitution dates back to 1S, and was raised in the Virginia Convention met to ratify that constitution. Patrick Henry, one of the leaders of the rebellion for severing the colonies trom tne bitosu i, declared himself against the constitution, on the ground, as he said, that it gave power to the Federal government to abolish slavery in all the States, and with a strong anti-slavery sentiment that power would surely be exercised. The answer to this objection by Mr. Madison Is sigmncant of the state of public opinion concerning slavery at that time, and shows that the objection of Mr. Henry could act be met by positive refutation, for he simply said he hoped no one W'ould refuse to vote for the constitution upon an objection so discreditable to Virginia. The constitution waV too anti-slavery for Mr. Henry. The moral sentiment which he anticipated three-quarters of a century, ago asserted itself in the election of Mr. Lincoln twoyears since. !r .i. i f i,!o fno-Wmns administration Mr. Buchanan nroposed several amendments to the constitution, of slavery. The proposition, as embodied by him, happily for the interests of freedom andhumamty, found but little favour, North or South-the former evidently opposed to the measure, and the latter, believing it impossible to carry 'in this simple brief statement may be clearly deemed the real cause of the rebellion. Wanting a slaveholding constftS the Southern States have undertaken to make Z and establish it upon the ruins of the one under which ,n hB d seouraeed. crippled, and abolished. Ihe wr. therefore, for maintaining the old against "71 Vt. t tr mnintninins the old aeainst the new con w,ition even though no proclamation ot emancipation um tutionXessentially an antl-slavery war, and should command fhfl ardent support of good men m all countries. thearaenjBupp s imiktrat on at Washington, abrinkinc froi Tthe logical result of their own natural posi-tin H atthe fin refuse to recognise tha nd character of the war, and vainly attempted to conciliate, by walking htekwarf to cast a mantle over the revolting ongm of the 582SKS What though they instructed their foreign BS to conceal the moral deformity of the rebels You Sflnrfftfl to know that the primal causes of this war t stery?andadetomLtienenthe part of the rebels to make that stupendous crime and curse all controlling and perpetual in America. But I will not weary you with argument. The case is plain. The North is fighting on the aide of liberty and civilization, aud the South for slavery and barbarism. You are suffering in your commerce and in your manufactures. Industry languishes, and the children of your suffering poor cry aloud for bread. God pity them ! The calamity is great. But would any interference bring relief to these sufferers ? You have shared with the American slaveholders the blood-stained products of slave-labour, preferring Carolina slave to India free, making Manchester a party to the slave-plantation, and largely in sympathy with the slaveholding spirit of America. What else could have come of this but participation with us iu a common retribution 1 Must the world stand still, humanity make no progress, and slavery stand for ever, lest your cotton mills stop, and your poor cry for bread ? You are unable to obtain your" usual supply of American cotton. Would this be made better by plunging yourselves into the hardships, expenses, and horrors of a war, which would in any event feed the fires of our national hate for a century to come, and just in the present time of need greatly diminish your American supply of corn? Can any thinking man doubt that intervention would be an aggravation rather than a mitigation of the evils under which your poor labourers mourn 1 It is insisted that you ought, from considerations of humanity to both sections, intervene and at onre put an end to our civil strife. Ah, but there is thu rub. Could you end it 1 Never was there a greater delusion. The United States, though wounded and bleeding, is yet powerful. Heavy as have been her losses in life and treasure, her weakness offers no temptation to foreign assault or dictation. But I will not dwell upon this view of the subject. The lesson of our civil war to you is the cultivation of cotton by free labour. It tells you that you should base your industry and prosperity on the natural foundations of justice, and liberty. These are permanent all else transient, A house built upon the sand can as well resist the wiuds and floods as slavery can resist enlightenment and progress. The moral laws of the universe must be suspended, or slavery will in the end go down. Look therefore to India, where your laws havo carried liberty. Look to the West Indies, where your philanthropy has planted ChriBtianitv. Your resources are ereat nnd ample. You have the islands to the west of yon, India to the east of you, and Africa to the south of you. Intervene there, not with swords and guns nnd other warlike implements, but by means of peacof ul industry, and thus convert calamity into prosperity, and a curse into a blessing. I fully believe in the general rectitude of the British heart concerning slavery. The poorest of all the sufferers in Lancashire would hardly ho willing even to purchase life itself by replunging a libeiated slave into hopeless slavery. Much less will they do so when another door is open for relief. Abraham would even have slain his son, but that the angel pointed out a more appropriate sacrifice. You have a far better alternative than war with us. But I will not weary you, The case is before you. No excuses, however plausible ; no distances of time, however remote ; no line of conduct, however excellent, will erase the deep stain upon your honour and truth, if, at this hour of dreadful trial, you interpose in a manner to defeat the emancipation of the American slaves. If at any time you could have intervened honourably in American affairs it was when the Federal government was vainly endeavouring to put down the rebellion without hurting slavery. That gloomy period ended on the 22ud September, 1862. From that day our war has been invented with a sanctity which will smite as with death even the mailed hand of Britain, if outstretched to arrest it. Let this conflict go on ; there is no doubt of the final result ; aud though it is a dreadful scourge, it will make justice, humanity, and liberty permanently possible in this country. FREDERICK DOUGLASS. Rochester, N.Y., U.S., November, 1862. THE HYDE-PARK ROAD. TO THE EDITOR 0B THE DAILY NEWS. Sir, In the Daily News of Friday last an article appeared inveighing against Mr. Cowper for the destruction of the temporary road across Hyde-park without waiting to consult parliament, and strongly urging the necessity for the continuance of that road. I trust to your fairness to allow me, however, briefly to suggest some con siderations in opposition to your views. It cannot be said with justice that Mr. Cowper has acted in contempt of parliament. Iu February last the House of CommonB forced his withdrawal of a bill for making a per manent road through Kensington-gardens. In March it sanctioneda vote for 2,C3G7. for making the temporary road on the express understanding that it waB to be removed when the Exhibition closed, Mr. Cowper undertaking to do it for so Bniall a sum on the statement that nomething would be got by the sale of the old materials. He is, therefore, in now removing them, simply keeping faith with parliament which has already pronounced on the matter. Nor can it be alleged that now any unforeseen change in the auestion has taken place. The road, most serviceable during the Exhibition, became of very limited service the momant the Exhibition closed. So little was it used for any other purpose by the poorer classes that it never supported a line of omnibuses except in the morning and evening to and from the Exhibition doors. Cab3 and carriages no doubt used it at other times. But this fact only raises the old question, ought the park to be cut in two by a public road for the sake oi those only who drive in cabs and carriages ? Let me recall some of tho arguments against this once defeated, but now revived proposition. 1. The cost. Mr. Cowpers temporary road, being com' posed only of flints laid down on loose gravel, would never have stood winter work. The whole must have been taken up and relaid on a proper foundation at a heavy expense, Nor would the bridge have served without enlargement, Its narrow way and low parapets made it most dangerous for horsemen and horsewomen (to say nothing of the enforced nroximitv of foot passengers to the horses heels), in the event of any animal taking fright at the vehicles, the gilt coaches and liveries, the cabs with polling placards, the excursion vans with flapping curtains, which, on the suppO' sition of its being used by the public, must have ever and anon appeared upon it. Unquestionably we should speedily have found that either it must be closed to riders altogether or a vote taken for enlarging it. 2. The injury to the park and gardens. Nothing in London is more valuable to the excited and overworked ner vous system which high civilization engenders among the poor as well as the rich than the opportunity of getting away to the deep repose and sylvan beauty of Hyde-park. A roaring dusty road driven through it would go far to ruin t.hi beneficial influence. I put the objection on turn prac tical ground I say nothing of the sentiment which justly (and perhaps not altogether unpractically eitner; revolts against every fresh encroachment made by the demons of wealth and business upon our few metropolitan spots of quietude and rustic scenery. 3. The impediment to our getting better lines. Park, lane on the one Bide, Palace-gardens on the other, might at very trifling expense be, the one widened, the other thrown open, so as to accommodate with esse all the traffic. If this were done, they would be of use to far wider districts than the aristocratic regions of Bayswater and Kensington-gore, which are almost alone served by tho late temporary road. But these side routes will never be improved if the centre one is conceded, for the interests which are concerned in their being.kept impaBsable are too strong to be overcome save by necessity. Finally, I will only recall that the parties and the parishes immediately interested, though the most wealthy in the metropolis, have declined to incur any outlay to establish the road in question, while the proposition of a toll wa universally scouted. Would it be reasonable to tax either all London, or the country at large, to make and maintain o vnnfl which those concerned will not subscribe to, or even pay a toll for using, which has not traffic of the humbler class to make even a line of omnibuses pay, which will destroy with dust and noise our most cherished remnants of seclusion, and which will be an obstacle to the improvement of existing and more useful ways 1 The intrusion of horses into Kensington-gardens, which you succeeded in saving us from, was, I venture to submit, a comparatively harmless measure to that which you now support. Iam, &c., jTov, 25. SOUTH KENSINGTON. Mr. P. H. Pepys has been appointed by the Lord Chancellor to be his principal secretary. It is with much, regret (says the Surrey Express) we announce the illness of Mr. H. T. Hope, of the Deep-dene, which assumed so serious a charaoter in the early part of last week, as to occasion much alarm to his family and friends. . According to the latest advices received, Prince Adalbert of Prussia reached Baku, on the Caspian Sea, on the 22nd Sept,, and remained there two days. During hia stay he visited the neighbouring town of Sukhaneh, many of whose inhabitants are Guebirs, or fire-worshippers. The republic of Geneva is about to revise its local constitution. The principal question to be decided will be with reference to the abolition of capital punishment. A membor of the church of Geneva, M. Bost, the author of several remarkable works, lately wrote to M. Victor Hugo, asking him for his influence in the debate. That writer, who is an ardent advocate of the abolition of capital pumsnment, naa now repiieu m a lebtoi- wuu uvvu-nnn,T nliimnn nf thn French nabora. In reply to several Bavarian journals, which have endeavoured to discredit the statement made by the Carls-ruhe Gazette, to the effect that the young Queen of Naples was firmly resolved not to join her husband again at Borne, that journal declares that, however unsatisfactory the fact maybe to certain parties, it has good reason to believe firmly in the truth of the statement which it has puc 1862. MONEY MARKET. Tuesday Evening. The funds to-day showed more strength than for some time past, and have closed firmly at a fresh advance of J percent., although the government broker did not make his usual purchase for account of the Post-office savings banks. The market has been strengthened by the bond fide purchases which have been effected recently, and which are partly due to the circumstance that transfers iuclusive of the dividend will be allowed for xmly a few days longer. English railway stocks, the settlement in which will commence to-morrow, were steady, but the only inquiries of importance were for Caledonian aud South Eastern. Foreign bonds were likewise well supported. The firmness of the foreign exchanges contributed to produce a more favourable impression in some of the markets this afternoon. The discount market remains quiet. Good bills continue to bo taken at 2 per cent. The applications at the Hank of England to-day were agaiu limited. At Paris to-day the Three per Cent. Rentes opened at 70.05, and closed at 70.20 for money aud 70.25 for the account, showing a recovery of J to per cent, since yesterday afternoon. The telegram, however, describes the Bourse as closing heavily. Consols, which closed yesterday at 02J to ex div. for the 4th December, opened this morning at the same quotation, and closed firmly at 92 5-16 to f. For money the last price was 93 to I with div. The official business report is as follows : Three per Cent. Consols, for money, 93, , I, g ; ditto for account, 92 ; Three per Cents. Reduced, 92, ; New Three per Cents,, 92, I, h i ' Thirty Years Annuities, 1885, 15J- ; India Five per Cent. Stock, 109f, h f ; ditto Bonds, 26s. prem. ; ditto Four per Cent. Debentures, 1863, 100; Four per Cent, "enfaced" rupee paper, 94 ; ditto Five per Cent., 105 J, 104J ; ditto Five-and-a-Half per Cent., 112J, 112. After the close of the Stock Exchange Consols were still somewhat better, at 92 5-10 to 7-16, or 92 J, ex div., for the account. The India Five per Cent, stook wa3 quoted 109 to 4. India Bonds were sold at 26s. prem. Exchequer Bills were rather firmer, both the March and June closing at 8s. to 12s. prem. Business in the foreign stock market was not quite so active as of late, but prices generally showed firmness. The Turkish loan of 1858 has risen per cent. The Consolides opened buoyantly at 38 to 39, owing to the proposed establishment of a National Bank of Turkey, but sales on foreign orders caused then a fall to 38i to . The closing quotation -38 to S was below that of vesterdav, but the market was firm. Greek Jjonus declined in tne morning, iu consequence of the questions which have been raised as to the willingness of our government and Court to give Prince Altred to the expectant trreeir nation, but there was a rally in me aiteruoon. Egyptian stocks have risen 1 per cent. Venezuelan scrip remains nat, tne accruing cans luuucing saiea by weak holders. When this loan shall have been paid up it will probably take a better position in the marlcet. Mexican ana opanisn jrassive ximu were rather flat, while Italian Five per Cents, left off per cent, better than yesterday. The closing quotations lor ioreigu stuiuta are auu- ioined : Brazilian Old Five per Cents., 100 to .... . innn I IDEA fin i. 102 : ditto if ive per uents., abo auu ioua, w w mi . AM TiW nor f!iit.. 1843. 101 to 103: ditto Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 1852, 1858, 1860, QRitnflfii: Buenos Avres Six oer Uents.,tor account, 91 to 93 ; ditto One per Cents. (Deferred Three), 37 to 39; Chilian Six per Cents., 102 to 104; ditto Half ner Cents.. 85 to 86; Dutch Two-and-a-Half uer Cents.. 65i to 664 (exchange 12fl.) ; ditto D our per Cent, uertincates, jlux u 103 ; Equador New Consolidated, 17 to 17 ex div. ; Egyptian Seven per Cents. , 90Ho 91 ; ditto . i XT ie mi j oonnnrl laailB. XH to DU4: UTeeH., Oi vuupuuo, 17 to ; ditto Coupons, 7i to ; Italian Five per Cents., for account, 70J to 71 (ex change 25f.); ditto Maremmana Hallway, a to 73; Mexican Three per Cents., for account, 33 to & ; Moorish Five per Cents., 93 to 95 ; Now Granada Two per Cents., 28 to 29 ; ditto Land Warrants, 4 to 5 ; ditto ex overdue Coupons and Hectares, 12 J to f ; ditto Deferred, 5 to 6; Peruvian Four-and-a-Half per Cents., for account, 98 to 99 ; ditto Uribarren Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 98 to 99; ditto Three per Cents., for account, 87 to 88 ; ditto Four-and-a-Half per Cents., A scrip, 731. paid, 2 to 1 dis. ; Portuguese Three per Cents., 1853, for account, 474 to 48; ditto 1856, 57, 59, and 60, 46J to ; ditto 1862, 46 to 47 ; ditto scrip, 202. paid, 2f to 3 J prem. ; Russian Five per Cents., 95 to 97 ; ditto Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 93 to 94; ditto Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 1860, 93 to 94; ditto Three per Cents., 1859, 59$ to 60$ ex div. ; ditto Five per Cents., 1862, scrip, 471. paid, itoj dis. ex div. ; ditto paid up scrip, 93 to 93 ex div. ; Sardinian Five per Cents., for account, 83Jto 84J ; Spanish Three per Cents., for account, 54$ to 55: ditto New Deferred Three per Cents., for account, 46 to J; ditto Passive, 22? to 231 ; ditto Certificates, 9 to 9 ; Turkish Six per Cents., 1854, for account, 83$ to 84 ; ditto Six per Cents., 1858, for account, 70$ to 71 ; ditto Six per Cents., 1862, scrip, 60f. paid, If to 2 prem. ; ditto, paid up, 69$ to 70; ditto Guaranteed Four per Cents.. 102$ to 103$; the Consolide's, 38 to ; Venezuela Three per Cents., for account, 24f to 251, ex a11 ' ditt0 scriP 42K?a,d' 1?- to li dis. ex div. ; ditto One-and-a-Half per Cents.. 12 to 12$, ex all. Transactions are recorded as follows : Austrian, 57$, ex div. ; Belgian Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 99, ex div. ; Brazilian Old Five per Cents., 100$ ; ditto, Four-and-a-Half per Cents., 95f ; Buenos Ayres, 93 ; Dutch Certificates, 102$ ; Egyptian, 90$, 911 ; ditto second issue, 89$, 90 ; Greek, 17, 16f, I ; ditto Coupons, 7$, , 7 ; Italian, for account, 70$ ; ditto Maremmana Railway, 72$ ; Mexican, lor account, 33, I ; Moorish, 95 ; New Granada Land Warrants, 4, 5 ; ditto ex overdue Coupons and Hectares, 12$, J ; Portuguese, 1853, for account, 47$; ditto 1862, 47, J, i &ito scrip, 3, 2 prem. ; Russian, 1859, 60, ex div. ; ditto, 1862, paid up scrip, 93$, i, ex div. ; Spanish New Deferred, 46$, ; ditto Passive, 231, 225, 23 ; ditto Certificates, 9 ; Turkish, 1858, for account. 71; ditto 1001!. Bonds, 76; ditto, auto uaia-uD Bti.il, , . , i : ,i; The' half-yearly dividend is announced on the Swedish Provincial Mortgage Loan. About 11,000?. in gold was taken from the Bank to-day for exportation. The bar silver by the West India packet was sold to-day for Bombay at 5s. If d. per ounce, being R below the price recently current. The fall is caused chiefly by an announcement from the Peninsular fral Sf.Bam Navieation Company, that the charee for freight on specie shipped to the East, - ;n 111 Via IX I by way ot jciarseuies, wui iu iuum per cent., showing a reduction of $ per cent., while that on silver sent via, Southampton will still be 2per cent. The natural effect is that some amount of silver for Bombay will be sent by the former instead of the latter route, the extension of time allowed, combined with the lower freight charge, being a consideration. Owing to the detriment which may occur irom tms arrangement, uucyci, rt4-i,aT11-mrirTihn11inTi trade, an influential rettresenta- "U UU . . ,1 ' IK. ..t,i 4. 1862, scrip, 1 prem. ; ditto paia-up v, 70, 69f ; ditto Guaranteed, 102& 103 ; Venezuela, for account, 24, ex all; ditto scrip, If, $dis,, tion has been .maae to tne company ""IS", presented to the above insti- It is urged that; tne rates at jriarsemcs auu Southampton ought in fairness to be equalised. The steamer Massilia will take, on Thursday, 409 5602 in silver and 48,1981. in gold for Bombay, T .1, . , il... jj.6. i.: : "ii and 1.DWS. in goia lor lexanui.-ia, , m.uui.8 The foreign exchanges this afternoon were firmer, and as regards several places the rates were slightly more favourable for this country. Subjoined is our usual list : Amsteroam, 3 months, 11.16J to ; fiitto, 3 days, lU3i to 14J ; Rotterdam, 3 months, U.16J to ; Antwerp, 3 months, 25.40 to 5; Hamburg, ms. banco, three months, 13.6$ to 7 ; Paris, 3 days, 25.15 to 22$ ; ditto, 3 months, 25.40 to 2J ; Frankfort-on-the-SIaine, 3 months, 118 to 119 ; Petersburg (per rouble), 3 months, 34 J to 35 ; Vienna, eff. flo., 3 months, 12.40 to SO; Trieste, off. flo.; 3 months, 12.40 to SO ; Madrid, 3 months, 49.J to $ ; Cadiz, 3 months, 49 to J ; Leghorn, 3 months, 25.55 to 60 ; Genoa, 3 months, 25.55 to 60 ; Milan, 3 months, 25.55 to 60 ; Naples, 3 months, 39$ to f ; Palermo, 3 months, 1191 to A j Messina, 3 months, 119. to ; Lisbon, 90 days, 52 to 5 ; Oporto, 90 day3, 52J to j. The Liverpool cotton market to-day was steady, with sales to the extent of 5,000 bales. The remarks in the Daily News of this morning have elicited the following letter from one of the gentlemen interested in the original concession for a Bank of Turkey a concession which, it is understood, the Ottoman government contend has lapsed. TO IHE EDITOR OF THE DAILY NEWS. Sib, My attention has been called to an article in your journal of this day, referring to the concession some time since granted to myself and others for the establishment of a National Bank in Turkey, iu which you take upon yourself to state that the failure of our scheme arose from our inability to raise the required capital, aud not, as alleged, from any default of the Ottoman government. If you had taken the trouble to refer to the correspondence which appeared in your own journal in the months of July, August, and September, LSG1, you would have found that so far from there being any failure to raise the required capital in this country, tlie whole capital was subacribedforand a deposit paid upon it, except as to the portion required to be set aside for the Turkish government aud the directors at Constantinople, aud that proceedings were adopted against the directors here, aud which you advocated, to compel the refunding of the deposits to the English subscribers upon the sole ground that as the bank was not to commence business till throe months after the withdrawal of the paper money, there was no prospect of any such measure beiug accomplished, inasmuch as the Turkish government, instead of calling in their paper money, had been increasing their issue. Although myself and my colleagues wero very unwilling to abandon the subscriptions which had been made, they felt so much difficulty in controverting tho arguments used in favour of the restitution of the deposits, that they at length agreed to return them, in tho full confidence, however, that whenever the Turkish government kept faith with them by the withdrawal of the paper money, fresh subscriptions would be obtained and the necessary capital raised. The best proof that we did not intend to abandon the undertaking altogether was that we left in the hands of tha Turkish government, where it still remains, the large deposit required in the shape of caution money. I will only add that myself and my colleagues are pre-oared with the necessary capital. I am, &c, " Nov. 25. M. E. ltODOCANACHI. Another new undertaking connected with the Cape, of a promising character, and aiming at useful objects, is announced, under the title of the South African Irrigation and Investment Company (Limited). The operations proposed are threefold, namely, those of a laud and irrigation company, a company to construct public works of improvement in towns, and a trust, loan, and investment company. Reasons are assigned showing that the Cape colonies present a very favourable field for transactions under each of these heads. The company will raise money on debentures in England, and re-invest it on first mortgages in the colonies. We notice the highly satisfactory assurance in the prospectus that " such provision has been made by the directors for the preliminary expenses as will secure the company against paying any sum wnatever iu uie naiuio vi promotion money, and the articles of association will contain a clause giving the shareholders the power to fix, year by year, the amount of the directors' remuneration." The direction is highly respectable, and composed for the most part of mercantile names actually engaged in the Cape trade. The capital is fixed at 1,000,0001., in 20,000 shares of 50i. each, of which the first issue will consist of 10,000 shares. A fall of i per cent, has taken place to-day in Great Western Railway Stock, it beiug said that the company have come to the conclusion that they cannot any longer withstand the claimniade against them in the Mackintosh suit. If we are not misinformed the amount of this claim is about a quarter of a million, exclusive of interest. It ia stated that the question of the latter portion of the claim is to come under discussion next month. The accounts to be submitted at the meeting of proprietors of theLondon Chartered Bank of Australia on the 6th December are of a fairly satisfactory character, inasmuch as they show a balance of profit and loss lor tne nail year enunig me oumj June last amounting to 46,O0OZ., which is about 10,000J. more than was shown in the previous half year's accounts. The amount of capital on which dividend is to be paid having, however, been increased to 1,000,000!., the dividend is at the same rate as previously declared, viz., four per cent, for thehalf year. 5,000L is proposed to be carried to the reserved fund, and the balance to be carried forward to next half year is 9,5262., the balance brought into the present account having been 8.5261. . , A call of 5s. is to be paid on the shares m the India Freehold Land, Colonization, Trust, and Agency Association by the 17th December. The first ordinary general meeting of this company is convened for the 19th December. The adjourned meeting of the creditors of Mr. W. Buss, Irish provision merchant, trading under the firm of Buss and Leedham, took place to-day, when Mr. Humphrys, of the firm of Honey, Hum-phrys, and Honey, accountants, submitted an amended balance-sheet, showing liabilities to the amount of 27,192!., with assets estimated at 26,674!. net ; the deficiency is consequently only 518!. After some discussion relative to the position held by the creditors on Mr. Greaves' account (who failed in the Australian trade), and the claim, made by his assignees, it was resolved that the estate should be wound up under a deed of assignment for the benefit of the creditors, no offer of composition being made by the debtor. A transaction to a small amount took place today at 195 per cent, in the Hudson's Bay Company's stock, a security very rarely dealt in. In the market tor oanit snares sumewuau improved prices were quoted for Bank of London and Bank of Queensland, while a slight reduction occurred in Ottoman Bank, Union Bank of London, and Union Bank of Australia. In miscellaneous shares there were some inquiries for London General Omnibus and Telegraph to India. Ocean Marine shares closed to-day at 5 to 6J prem. ; Thames and Mersey, 2 9-16 to 11-16 prem. Universal, 1 to 0J dis. ; North British and Mercantile, 15 to Vol; Commercial Union, par to $ prem.; and London and Provincial Marine, $ to dis. The closing quotations for shares in new undertakings were as follows : Union Bank of England and France, to 1$ prem. ; Metropolitan Cab, J to ft prem. ; London and Northern Bank, ljtolj prem. ; English and Irish Bauk, & to 1$ prem. Oil wells ot uanacia company, jiui and Greenland Company, $ to f prem. Natal Government Debentures were inquired for. Subjoined are the quotations of insurance, gas, dock, and other shares, as given in the Stock Exchange list of this evening : Insurance. Atlas, 11 ; Crown, 244 ' EaSlei 6i Globe, 1151 ; Guardian, 51J ; Imperial Fire, 346 ; Law Tire, 4 ; Legal and General Life, 7 ; North British and Mercantile, 16J, 16; Ocean Marine, Hi; Phoenix, 145 ex div.; Universal Marine, 4, i, 4. Gas Light and Coke.-City of London (B), 7J, g; Commercial, 44 ; European, 15 ; Great Central, 14j, 15 ex div. ; Imperial, 90, h ! New ditto, 70, 2J ; Imperial Con-tinental, 64J, 5 ; Ratcliff, 27 ; Surrey Consumers, lb.J ex div. ; United General, 33 ; Western, 18 ex div. ; West minster Uhartered, .New, 42$, a. Docks. East and West India, 1364 5 London, 61J, 2J, 2. Canals. Birmingham (Guaranteed il. per cent. London and North Western), 93J ; Eegent's (or LoDdon), 24. Waterworks. Berlin, 6, J ; East London, 127 ex new. An "Automatic Eyeball." An interesting contribution to medical science has just been made to the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital. It consists of a most ingenious apparatus for exhibiting the muscular mechanism ot tne numan ve. auu iu wtuow . j It was sent by the inventor, jnrotessOT iaauei ot . rragu ! J-l. Ail-rionlirf. Austrian Court ot tne iDiernawouai jc-xiuuimuii, auu , -- - Tie apparatu8 consists technically of a l6f). ejei,ai the movements of which are regulated by i strma attached to keys.whioh are worked .like the keys of j a pianoforte. There is also a graduated dial attached, upon -fli, w means of indexes affixed to and moving with the .u. , .itent o each muacuiar action is accurately Thiasimnlfl fifmtrivnncfi thus exmbits. at a glance. the beautiful arrangement of the muscular structure of the eye, tho knowledge of which, hitherto, could only be acquired by dissection or oral instruction. In short, the "automatic eyeball" performs for the exterior what tire ophthalmoscope has already done for the interior of the eye, and the gift of the learned professor is therefore an important addition to the clinical resources of the above-named hospitali

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