Extracted Article Text (OCR)
THE DAILY NEWS, SAUKBAT, ''SEPTEMBER 12, 185T. corresponding increase in the revenue. After de-1 LITERATURE. the country. These great reservoirs are filled by moderate freshets of the river, and the waiter is discharged from them as necessity requires.
1. i i ducting the amounts lor ordinary repairs ana 3 per tons they could noitlier see Ewnrt Barber breathe their last-every one against ilt, man snatched away pistol os he gave nnntW intrf o. fc. "lm link. i NARRATIVE OF SUFFERING FROM 'The: following accotntt; of vShft ufferiugs of the wigcmi ituciuw ns no MrmtiM drink from the man's brass vessel t)uv to drink from the man's brass vessel tliey hiJS? cent, interest on tne total capita invested un -we works, they have returned the governmental cent.
The vaKieaf ixealf property has increasdUfoi he seemed dead, then plundered him he rose whm were gone, and God directed his steps to a vil'tge rt 7 in nil me inounus wan prevent me cauvery from falling into one of its branches, called the Cole-roon, were in the territory of Trichinopoly. The Nabob of the Cnrnatic, Mohammed Ali, claimed the amount by a sum'equal So nearly two militon atcr- ling. The nobulatioif by the census of Irriiation in Southern India. The Cauvery, Kist-imh, and Godurvry: being a Report on the Works constructed on these Rivers for the. Irrigation of the Produces of Tanjore, Guntoor, Musulipatam, and Rnjahmundry, in the Presidency of Madras.
Published by orilcr of the Most Noble the Governor-General of India. By K. Baird SMITH, F.G.S., Lieut-Colonel Bengal Engineers. London Smith, Klder, and Co. smith, already well known for his "Re 43per-sq-uax-mile, rivalling the plains of Lombaxdy right of ropamrtg, or rather neglectiajj, UieM.inwndsr anu Deigiuni goou rouus, ruiav-u oo iu uc jjussuuic at all seasons; bridges over nearly every istream.jsome: of them, as those across the Cauvery and Coleroon, in the Trinchinopoly district, truly noble works which, even in England, would excite admiration and an immense number of minor works of communication stud the country, and ensure the meanB of free movement to the people at every season of the as uemg in uis uti iiory.
n. poruon oiny oi ins own lands were fertilised by the river, while the continued neglect of the works would have rendered Tanjore a desert. The Rajah of Tanjore, Tuljajee, the friend of the missionary Schwarz, had been compelled to pay tribute to the Nabob, but had never been subject to him. He appealed to the British to protect him in his right to repair the works of irrigation a right which had always been exercised by the Baiahs of Tan port on Italian Irrigation," addressed to the Court, of Directors of the East India company, in 1000, obtained the permission of that body to make a personal examination of the great works for irrigation, already constructed or in process of construc year. We take our leave of Colonel Smith's valuable tion, in the Presidency of Madras.
In following out his investigations, this enterprising officer made a report by another extract, which shows the work which remains for the government of India, when jore, and for which, he contended, he paid his tribute. The British, however, took part with the mer, George Dick, the African, was killed by men of the 14th, near Mhow. Mr. Carme, at Malwa, was very kind, and we stayed his houss till the night of Ihel7th. He could not get people to obey, and had got the Churkharee Rajah to take-ore of.
the district for hiui. Pn the 17th we moved off southwards, get to the Ganges, No tents for any one. I had brought a cartload of wine, from Nownog, snd a little tea I foundon'tho road behind my house. It was useful while we had it. Our guide took us off the proper road to a 'village, full of men; we found them all ready armed with clubs, seemingly dreading us.
We passed through. I had ordered the whole not to enter till came back from a visit, and was determined not to enter it. Some one said I had sent word to move on, and when too late I found the party in the village. The road lay on through a pass between two hills. We camped opposite it under trees.
The hills were covered with men, some armed; some were in.the pass, too. I thought they feared us, and went towards them so did Jackson, and said they had nothing to fear. By noon a message came that we must give 1,000 rupees, or wo should not pass. I told the men to get ready to force a passage at four, and all were in high spirits for a while. But some time after, to my horror, a native officer came and said wa must pay the money.
We had a long consultation about it, and resolved that we must either allow the transaction or be left by tho Sepoys, so 700 wore paid (he head of the party, and 300 more promised on our getting safe to Callingur. The man was to aid us by the way. It was very humiliating, but, after all our anger, we had to agree. We had nearly iO women and children to look after, and 79 men were quite unable to protect them on the march, and they were the real masters now. AH our orders were obeyed, and the men were servants to us, cleaning: our horses, but we could not enforce their presence with us on our way.
Next morning at daybreak the men who held the pass fired into us. Our men fired in the air, or without an aim, and then fell back. The Major now came to his senses, and was himself, from being a child, who spoke of a mango, or something to eat or drink, as if it were his life, and he and Jackson and Franks did their best to bring the men up to the attack; but they all melted away fast panic-stricken. Poor Barber never had strength to do anything from the moment we started. Ewait, poor Townsend, and I kept our ground with a few men, tenor twelve, who stood by us, and we fired away at the rascals.
One of them afterwards saw the drum-major elsewhere, and said we had killed fourteen. I saw none fall. I could not go for. more men, 'est the few that were standing besieged laniore lilS, took it by assault, once her power is again re-established, by meanB of made the Rajah and his family prisoners, and sub palankeen journey of 1,500 miles, and we have now the result of his "labours before us in a valuable report, accompanied by a portfolio of maps and working plans of all the principal works he visited. The chief value of this production is of a profes which she may cause peace and plenty to cover xne plains of India, and secure her position, by the jected nis territory to Hie iMaoob.
in consequence, however, of the disapprobation which these proceed lire puopiu oueuerca mm nna gave mm money I thmC i must have called himself tho miritrate of'Miibn man who told me of this said he was that oll'u-'al' -a still at Churkarec, or was when wo last heard 13 carrying Mrs. Kirchoff behind him she was tied ti with Henry Kirke to a village in a native state was well received, and sent on here after a few d-uV He is now second in command of a small force bc-i 1 hereabouts by the Rajah of Itewati. Mrs. Maw hislpftkf palkee for Mirzapore, whence a steamer takes her ani to Calcutta thence she goes homo. Poor wotnm' suffered awfully she expects her confinement in I was afraid of its taking place every dav.
Servant Mrs. Kirchoff have gone to Mirzapore. Frank It are detained to serve with the 30th Regiment here Tt loyal that is, it consults its own interests, and i 'nhcJ It could not well get away if it rebelled i may bo true. I have tried to get away to get to AiLhafai and join an expedition. You will feol that we who are alive have much cui, thank God.
I am glad to say Jackson and Frank f-tlli-and see the finger of God in many events that tnHf us. Everything I possessed has been destroyed mv I ruined lastof all by the spear wound. I bad to'thr pistol away in order to hold Lotto. How that child tJ years old, lived I know not anwls must, have hart-wings over it. On the 19th and 20th its head was for h-n bare to the sun.
On the 22nd I made a rag into a soiH turban She, aged three years in mind, during her rill, as healthy as any child in England. She felt more hoS than Leonora after her ride wf.h William, and could dure my approach after her mother came. Monday, Juv 8(1 "I was very sorry on the 10th to lose sight of he stragglers, but it could not be helped. I could Thank God, all got safely to places of shelter save theS of Mr. Langdale, who wrote for the Treasure Chest ofc Her husband left her, and she died or was killed M' i a terrible labour in carrying Mrs v- choff behind him, which he did from the 20th to the2 24th.
She sat la I'urmm. rlM IwV welfare of the people committed to her charge entrant elnso mv renoi-t without reverting for a moment ings met with in England, the Rajah was restored sional character, and to the field of improvement presented by the Presidency of to his former independence in uDO. Tho irrigation works were constructed and main bv the civil engineer. In these times, however, in iuuunis tne Minnie ueyuruiieuL vi injnuuu. imuiy" of India profit to the state and tho people follows, as certainly ns eitect tollows causo, tne provision ot an aounaanc supply wfllfir fop ttm-Doses but in Madras the ro- tamed by the native government, the necessary funds for their formation being supplied by the treasury a special tax on irrigated land ptoviding a constant income for repairs.
The cession of the which everything relating to India is so extremely interesting to the public, we need not apologise for culling from this report some very valuable knowledge on a subject which concerns the very existence of thousands, nav, millions, of fellow-creatures who English party of officers anJ-their families who were at Nowgong (or Nagound), in Bundclkund, jn-hen the mutiny broke out, is full of painful interest Our Notfgofig' tale is this On the 5th of June our men volunteered, company by company, to serve tho rebels, to revenge the Hon. Company upon them. They were in the best possible spirits they were thanked and praised, and then told the Jhansi news at a parade at 3 p.m. They were unanimous and enthusiastic in declaration that they would stand by us so were tho Artillery. The Cavalry were cool, and professed their allegiance, as if it were absurd to ask such a question of such honourable men.
We were very glad to find tho three arms show loyalty, and I thanked God, who disposes men's hearts. On tho 8th we got news of poor Dunlop's death, and heard from MoUraneepore that every European at Jhansi was murdered. On the 9th the Artillery company said they were anxious to serve against the rebels. We had heard about the 1st of June of Borne plot being hatched in the company, had seized four of the most mischievous, dismissed them by a word, and walked them off instttntcr to Chutterporo as prisoners. AVe dared not hold a court-martial; a sudden and successful blow was our only course, and this one told the company was quiet, and, rid of its worst, was well- inclined.
Our own men had all along shown us tho utmost good will, and it was unfeigned with tho exception of a few. On tho 10th all was quiet till at sunset, when the six artillery guns were as usual brought on our parade, and our new guards wore being marched off to relievoold ones, when a tall, dare-devil Sikh and two others walked forward, loading his piece. He made for the Havildar-Major, a very nice, faithful man, and shot him dead. Mrs. Mawe, Mr.
Smalley, and Mr. Franks and others saw him shot. He fell dead. The three Sikhs then dashed to the guns. The Artillery sergeant made some attempt to defend them, and several muskets were fired at him, ha says.
None of the gunners stood by him, and so he made off. One sergeant-major, as big as Fal-staff, did so too. One Sepoy pushed aside a musket that was being fired at him. For some time we had all dined at i p.m., as we went early to the lines and to guards to prevent mischief. We had done dinner, and Dr.
Mawe had been urging our making a move, because it was impossible that our men would stand fast after their brothers at Jhansi had rebelled, and wore still so near. 1 had said that, great as the danger was, we could not abandon the station without orders; we could not move until carriage came, and it was almost certain that thefirst mention of collectingcarriage would precipitate a revolt, A few days before I had sent for the government camels, to see them. They were only eight or nine, and those who wished a mutiny set abroad a story that I had sent for the camels in order to remove the treasure; it was our danger all along, and the rumour warned us that there was a party who intended to mutiny, and to stimulate the courage of soma and to quicken matters, gave out that, if they delayed, the treasure would be gone. You may fancy how anxious we were from the 23rd of April, when the fires began, till now, one event after another adding to the proof that mischief was being hatched by some. The Uth Irregulars told us on the 23rd nf War tfcnt nil sults go fur beyend tho general average.
The staple of aericulturo in the irrigated districts being' rice, the want of hrinsrs with it abiect poverty and country to the English in 1801 threw the mainte have been subjected to our swafi We do this the nance of these works on the British authorities in abundance, wealth and contentment. Every acre that is newly watered pusses at once from the revenue rate of dry to that "of wet cultivation, guaranteeing to the government an immediate return paid with far greater case to tho cultivator of the land than tho lower tax leviable before. The return more willingly ns Colonel Smith's work bears undo-ninhle testimony to the fact that the Indian govern India. The river Cauvery rises among the Western Ghauts, and drains a basin, including the delta, containing between 31,000 and 32,000 square miles. ment have not been, and are still not, unmindful of in immfviifllo.
and its amount creat. I have almost hesr tin? welfare of the Indian nopulation. The principal districts visited by Colonel Smith tated in adopting tho data given by the Madras Cdtoniis-sioners of Public Works, so extravagantly large' dojthey were the three great deltas 01 tne rivers vauvery, TCistnuh. and Godaverv. and the creat tank system Portions of tho river locally important are made available for irrigation before the stream enters the delta proper, but these ore comparatively unimportant when compared with the delta portion.
The appear. But they are statements tcundea on omciai-reraraij, finm tn vftn'flfintion. find nnlitf'iv fn lie seriousiv in'error, of the Presidency of Madras. To form some idea of should follow me. We kept the rascal- the value of artificial irrigation in Southern India, doctor, and not lrft uv "Lu tt to both and long out of shot of the last poor head of the island of Serin gham divides the main When these show returns varying from' if' lnlninAim of 77 to a mnximuin of 250 per cent.
on the original cost of the works, it is unconceivalle-'ttiat fields paralleled only, if paralleled at 'by. 'those sit, feet on one siie, lacasou; tno poor woman wa tied to hiin. we must remember that the inhabitants exist almost entirely on rice, and that this semi-aquatic plant river into two channels, the southern retaining the name of the parent stream while the northern is Townsend fell, shot through the b. ho said, My fcrod, I am hit," and fell, turning over and over. I lifted him, and saw the blood coming from his heart.
I said, I think we must go." At any rate, we all moved back. The main They went 40 miles one day the poor woZ had to ride on the nearly bare backs of the horses, or woraan andtautt andtZ demands during its cultivation a continuous flow of called the Cbleroon. The course of the Coleroon to nave sunerca mucn. of Australia and California can bo left much bilgei un-wrought. Whether the pictures given to us' in public documents of the state of the people and the country, except in a few favoured localities, be correct or not, it is certain that the sea is more direct, and has its volume but little diminished compared with the Cauvery, by the party were a long way off, the men, I am ashamed to say, walking very quiek.
I knelt beside the poor fellow, when we were left alone, and prayed that he might speedily rise in tho resurrection to joy. I brought away his sword and water. It is estimated that 40 acres of rice require the supply of one cubic foot of water per second during the growth of the plant, in order to raise it to maturity. The following extract vividly sets forth the necessity for the irrigation works which drain upon it tor purposes ot irrigation. the government of Madras cannot increase its resources nny more certain, or more legitimate, or more profitable way than by extending over the length and breadth of the tern-tnripa nnitfip it control, tho means of turninc: to useful ac Tho Coleroon having a larger volume of water, more rapid slope, and more direct channel than the lett the body.
He was a brave, warm-heartea leuow, ana would have been a fine officer. We walked or rode all that day till 3 p.m. not a buggy or carriage was brought away. Mr. Mawe and Mr.
Smalley walked from daylight till have been erected, ana are now course ui completion uauvery Drancn, caused tne progressive deterioration of the latter. The consequent formation of de past noon on toot. 1 was alone in the rear an tne time, count the vast volumes of water which are annually poured into tho sea through hundreds of now useless channels. I have spoken in this report only of those tracts which I have seen and judged of for myself. But other authorities equally trustworthy, and, from local knowledge, far more competent, bear testimony to the rich capabilities of other regions ni-T ti rinia.iavn with some of tho women and two children.
1 sent It would seem strange, but that the history of our progress in India is full to repletion of such facts, that while nature had done so much, and while there was nothing whatever to conceal the practical value of her arrangements from our posits at its head tended to divert the main portion of the stream into the Coleroon branch. In 1804 Captain Caldwell, of the Engineers, came to the conclusion that unless something was done to prevent Ewart on to find out where the main body had gone, as they were a long wav out of sight. He seems to have lost his the Christians at Delhi had been murdered for their belief nrori fthsfirviitionfl have been confined and I LETTERS FKOM MA.70II EDWAHDIS. The following are extracts from letters from Lieutenant. Colonel Edwardes, C.B.
(the Major Edwardes of the war in tho Punjab), dated from June 21 to July 6 ii Peshawar. As yet we have made no impression on Delhi. General Reed's, or rather General Barnard's, force was too ireak to besiege Delhi, and has had to stop and wait for reirjforo mentsjust as General Whish had at Mooltan. The retS far exceed him in numbers and in guns. The numbers 8ra of little consequence, for disorganised fragments of refe! regiments never can contend successfully with the serried battalions of a well-appointed army led by English often But it is a serious matter to have 150 pieces ol artillerj (taken out of our own magazine) playing upon our camp Engagements take place every two or three days, and we are easily victorious in the open field.
The enemy loseB lmj. dreds in every skirmish, and the heaps of dead ate re-plnn-dered by our soldiers of all the plunder they had secietel round their waists. We lose very few men or ofiicers. But we do not get into Delhi, and the delay damages our reputa-tion, and encourages the belief, artfully disseminated by tha Brahmins and Moollahs, that 'all prophecies agree thattba English rule is now to So the deluded people ria here and there, and add to the anarchv and confusion nnlw hnriB that, the results in these, most successful as they it, the Uauvery brancn would become annihilated as an irrigating stream. The Grand Annicut, already senses with the sun, for he told the corps I was in a city close to them, when I was miles behind the main party pushed on, and every one had to follow as they best could.
Our enemies followed till we came to a native chief's lands, and then stopped. A village fired on us, and we were threatened have been even already, may ensure tho steady progress of alluded to, at the lower extremity of the Island of that course ot improvement oi wnicn tney are tne iirsn anu Sennghara, prevents the junction ot tne uoleroon most encouraging evmences. uii every Blue. mr. iarne, wuo uuujumeu Aem un uuw, and went to the Ghorkoree Raiah.
who took him in and pro ana uauvery orancnes, aoout. io mnes neiow me di kmnvleuge, seeing tnat tney -were pointea out oy tne native works in existence when the country fell into our hands in 1766, and still more palpably by the official reports of engineer and civil officers a few years nearer the close of the century, nothing whatever was done by the British government to turn these advantages either to its own good, or the good of its subjects. There were, doubtless, fiscal difficulties in the way a wretchedly inefficient revenue system left the progress of the country dependent on a class of landholders who were extravagant, debased, and utterly indifferent to the fortunes of their people, with no capital in money or mind to apply to the improvement of their estates. Bat a Zumindaree tenure in the hands of a proprietary always on the verge of oankruntcv (and now, happily, almost entirely bankrupt), ucsusi. i uiu not uiarm tne otners, nut 1 knew what we might expect from them, as, with four or five exceptions, they were all Mahomedans, and very fiery ones.
They were very independent after that announcement, doing duty in a gay, careless manner, that seemed to say, It will soon be at an end we are merely amusing ourselves obeying I had to go among them and give orders, and I did so with no pleasure, feeling that my life was not safe a moment with them. The native officers were chillingly polite, as Mahomedans Know how to be well. Barber never would believe anything against them, and went continually to their lines to the laat. I rW ot iM vergence ol the main stream. This dam was raised LiqH in the Valley.
My Experiences of Spiri tected him. My part that day was terrible. I had to try to lug along two fat old women, while I carried three children on my horse, and tried to keep back the Sepoys who were tualism. By Mrs. NEWTON UROSLAND.
iKmdon Published for the author by G. Routledge and Co. The age of mooncalves is not yet extinct. The table-rappers are a body in the state, they possess an organ, they publish books, they bemoan the was even then no insuperable obstacle to the progress of at the corner of your compound on the back road, with two guns all ready for the Irregulars, but I never got a chance. works like those oi the iustnan, naa tne true value or sucu works been discerned.
The period between 1766 and a trust that 20,000 soldiers are now embarking from England, but they cannot reach till September, and you may judge) what has to be endured and done during the intervening months. There never was anvthinir a hundredth Mr aa considerably, so as to retain a larger quantity of water in the Cauvery below it. The effect was beneficial, but only for a time, as the root of the evil, at the separation of the two branches at the head of the island, was untouched. For twenty-five years an incessant struggle was kept up. The head and many parts of the channel were periodically cleared of deposits by manual labour.
Expensive embankments were carried across the bed of the main stream, so as to force a larger supply of water into the Cauvery branch. All efforts were ineffectual the extent of land irrigated decreased yearly, the revenue fell off, and the condition of the people grew worse and worse, till, in 1829 or 1830, the crisis was reached. About materialisation oi our popuiur uieruiure, aim, aa we find by the work before us, they endeavour to spiritualise it by confession of their own personal experiences. Not content with seeing strange visions Well. Dr.
Mawe and I had hardlvandiVI i. wn; very recent date presents us, howover, with a retrospect of with me. Tne senior uavitaar got moreana mors savage, ana wanted me to leave the children and wemen, but I would not, and, thank God, they did not leave us. I came at last to Mr. Smalley sitting beside his wife she seemed dead, but it was doubtful, so I took her up before me, and gave a boy to my writer who had got hold of my horse.
I was on poor Townsend's, and I went on thus some distance. It was a most Mduous task to keep the utterly inert body on the horse, so I placed her as women ride but after a while she seemed dead. I held a consultation about it, and we loft the body. then got on foot, I was lame from an awful kick of a horse, and had only a strip of cloth on one foot, but poor Smalley was worse off, and he got on my horse, and Mrs. Tiernay behind her two children each got a seat on the two horses, and thus I reached the main bsdy, I found on the way a golosh the poor major had dropped it was very useful to me.
At noon the sergeant-major died before me in the moat awful way of apoplexy he fell as if about eighty years ot dreary waste, vanea only dj- tne occurrence of tames or pestilences, but unrelieved by a Bingle great work calculated to prevent a recurrence of these themselves, and personally beholding the dancing of when we heard several musket shots in tho lines. There was no doubting what tbey meant. I went to the top of the raesshonse to reconnoitre and learn the state of things, and form a plan before going to the lines. Ewart and Townsend mounted and galloped straight to tho linen. IVonVo haA ecstatic tables, they now attemptto proselytise, and serious in India before.
This post, so far from being mots arduous in future, will be more secure. Events here taken a wonderful turn. During peace Peshawar was an incessant anxiety. Now it is the strongest point in India. We have struck two creat blows rre have disarmed disasters.
While the number of these periodical calamities has been endeavour to remove the film from the eyes of the unbeliever. Because Wesley was credulous, Baxter considerable, the latest in date was the most destructive of weak, and Cardan mentally deranged, the agile gone there some time before, and was speaking to Mr. Smalley, and he saw what happened from the first, and rode off to tell us all. Poor ownsend was only in time to see his guns in other hands. I tried to get men to collect and mrouettes ot the graeetm Pembroke, and the der own troops, and raised levies of all the people of the country.
The troops are confounded; they calculated on being backed by the people. The people are delighted, and a better feeling has sprung up between them and ih this enlistment than has ever been ebtained before. I hava also called on my old country, the Deragat, and it is quifa delightful to see how the call is answerstl. Two tnmismfl to maKe a dash at the guns with Ewart, who joined us, but no one would move. They were panic-stricken or muti 1830 the series of operations commenced which issued in a successful removal of the evils described above.
From 1830 to 1836 the works were limited to the construction of various under-sluices in the vish-like boundings of the mahogany dining, are to betaken as demonstrated facts. Wehavebecn thoughtless in heaping ridicule upon the household altar nous. At last I got a bugler who was too nervous tn eonral. I blew the 'assembly' several times, but with nn ((fcnt; tin the table round it we read, we eat, we write, we all. The total taituro oi tne rams ibm auecrea tne wnoie region below the Ghauts in degrees proportioned to the efficiency of the artificial resources of the different districts to supply the want of water caused thereby.
It was only in the richly irrigated districts of the south, in Tanjore, Trichi-nopoly, and limited portions of the districts immediately adjoining these, that famine, more or less severe, was unknown, In Guntoor, where no effective irrigation existed, the results are represented in un-exaggerated terms when they are described as having been terrible. This district lies on the south or right bank of the Kistnah it has a superficial area of about 4,700 square miles half its soil is indifferent or un-culturable, but the other half is of the richest alluvium, requiring only water to make it capable of the most abundant assemble, we quarrel, we are reconciled so says the more joined me than before. One gun loaded with grape had been fired over the lines, and I thought another would ba fired at me for sounding the buele. Porhann thAvknow struck, rose and fell, and staggered. The major ere I reached had died of the sun too.
I had lost sight of some of my party. I went slowly, and did all I could for them, but I was obliged, the country being so hostile, to join the main body, and save those on my horses. The Sepoys were very glad to see me they feared I hadbeen murdered at Malwa Ewart had said I had entered it with him, and that we had been fired at there, and that I had not Grand Annicut and on the left bank of the Cauvery, through which the sand was to be swept during freshes into the Coleroon, whose bed at the places spiritualist and who can wonder that there is something about it to which spirit appropriately clingB horsemen, formerly in myarmyat Mooltan, are now moving on different points, according to order, to help us in this difficulty, and every post brings me remonstrances from chiefs as to why they have been forgotten. What fault have they committed hat they are not Bent for? Thiai! really gratifying. It is the heart of a people.
Itdoesous good all through. The Peshawnrees had often heard that I selected was considerably below that of the Cauvery. it was of little use. At any rate they did not fire. I pushed aoross the lines with Ewart, the men trying to force us back (to save our lives).
At last, as I saw none would mnn A suspicion Beems to have crossed the minds of these dreamers that knuckle-rapping is scarcely a inner means were also adopted to clear tne deposits from the bed of the Cauvery. The Grand Annicut. before it was repaired by us, and that some of the men were against us, I made Ewart come back with me tothemesshouse. More than 100 come away. He went in alone, when was nines oemnu him.
His imagination was for a long time quite destroyed. For the remainder of the day we moved on as a had been grateful in getting rewards for my followers after the Mooltan war but they were not prepared to see such a party of officers escorted by rebel Sepoys to be killed at men must have collected there. "The Smalleysand Dr. and Mrs. Mawe had for some time occupied the two little sergeants' bune-alowa.
whiVb Jaanda oy a iNewao. lae ruse took, ana we were auoweu to pass. We entered and passed through a large city. Then were fed by it. I heard our men say, They are great dignified manifestation of an immortal spirit.
The answer which a very high spirit gives to a question touching this subject is, If we came with more solemnity we should awe you too much." And the spiritualists find a well of suggestive truth in this reply, for its effect is to create an equality of all phenomena. The rude village ghost a turnip, a candle, a broomstick, and a sheet is raised to the Captain Caldwell, in 1804, consisted of a solid mass of rough stones of moderate size, 1,080 feet in length, 40 to 60 feet in breadth, and from 15 to 18 feet in depth, stretching across the bed of the Cauvery in a serpentine form. In 1830, when it was necessary to cut through the body of this dam to a depth of 12 you may recollect stood on our parade at the left of the lines, The buggy road on to the parade passed between They thus got at once, with tho two children and people, tho sahibs; we must treat them as sucn, ana entertain them ere killing The citymen assented. We ueuioutsiiuiiun irom tne otner ena ot tne sooumanee mountains. It excites their better feelings, and will do them good too.
All yesterday I was busy fitting out 700 horse aal foot levies (Mooltanee) to reinforce Nicholson at Jullundto. How all the liberality shown to these Mooltanese after thi war of 1848-9 is now repaid, in, the alacrity with which tiej rush to our side again to help us. They are now invaluable, and so glad to see me again it is quite a pleasure is. tto midst of this howling wilderness." uibu' i.wu uuggies, to me mess. The maior and Jackson had meanwMln nnnn 1irtui, tr.
had an opportunity few have of knowing natives; hundreds surrounded us as we sat on the ground and ate chupattees proamnion, iius nature was oeea very nigguruiy uer supply of this clement of prosperity. Situated geographically in a region which forms the boundary between the tracts of country affected by the north-eastern and southwestern monsoons, it. receives a full supply from neither, while its soil is described by competent authorities to bo of such a nature as to require rather more than the average supply of moisture. The peculiarity of its position accordingly. rondored the natural supply of water scanty, even for the common uses of domestic life, while for agricultural purposes it may bo said scarcely to exist at all, for even the works that had been constructed in ancient times have been allowed to fall into utter ruin by the large landholders in whose estates they aresituated.
No district could, therefore, have been worso provided against such a catastrophe as a total failure of the rains. The destruction of life consequent anon the failure was frightful it is estimated from statis get the men there to attaok the mutineers. They would not and native sweetmoats. Not one said an uncivil word. Some uittjuc nuuiu insist on our Holding the mess, occupying the top.
Jackson reasoned him out of this before I got back. A 9 -pounder that the rebels hrniiMit level of the vision which floated before Saul in the cave at Endor, and the same power that healed the sick, and raised the dead, is made to preside over the revolutions of an ordinary hat, or the scratching of spirit answers on the wainscot. Associated with Mrs. Crosland in this book are I A SCMOOl OF COOKERY. the raesshouse helped his arguments, and we all made off, the old camel carriage and two buerries with ns.
Thp. fnt utp. feet, it was ascertained, for the first time, that the stones of which it was composed were not laid in any hydraulic cement, but simply in clay. This dam had, therefore, by its own mere inertia, effectually resisted the floods of 1,600 years. From this Colonel Cotton, the chief engineer, in 1834, argued that if such a work as this, composed of rough stone and clay, could control the river at all periods, it was clearly possible to construct another which, by Of the three hundred thousand cattle and million and a half of sheen annually slauehtered for tha Tendon geant-major broke Mr.
Smalley buggy in five minutes by entering it, The camel carriage soon upset, and had to be left, The two ladies went on in T)r. sum our. ruie naa oeen very just; some expreoseu huhuw some, it struck mo, did their utmost to get a few of us killed for the amusement of the city. At length all cleared off, it being dark. Allthe bandmen and their women were gone to the city to make terms of some sort, or to shift for themselves.
The Sepoys told us respectfully we must shift for ourselves; they could not protect us, as all the country was against us. We all mounted our horses. Dr. and Mrs. Mawe on Mr.
Townsend's horse that I lent them; Mr. Smalley and his child on my own. I was able to walk. We suffered terribly from thirst that night and nest morning till it was light. We saw a well close to where we had stent we snncrht in a wronir direction at first.
Wo market, a very large proportion is vended as rough meat Though equally rich in nutrition with the briskets, airioinfj and haunches devoured by the aid of silver forks, it is sold the poor at much cheaner rates, and miirhtbv them tiBrsjdilu tlio resources ot liuropean sfcill ana tne employment certain individuals who go by the names of Comfort," Sustainer," and Introvision there is also ft child of three years old, a son of Introvision," who is called Hopeful." These enthusiasts not only see visions, but, under the inspiration of the moment, they render them pictorially. "Comfort'' gives us a page of spirit writing; At the top is a of superior materials, would reduce the dimensions of a similar work, so as to bring the cost within The major called out to go to Chutterpore. Dr. Mawe providentially took a road at right angles to the one intended. He knew that I had taken it when removing the artillerymen I had, but to throw any pursuers on a false scent Dr.
Mawe, ignorant of this, took this road. It leads to Gurowlee from Mrs. Powys's house, and the sowars and others with ill intent sought for us at Gurowlee. The Bajah of that place had paid ns a visit a few dnv hAfnro 4M tical returns, which, though by no means free from objections, are still approximately correct, that not fewer than 200,000 people perished either from hunger, or under the virulent fever that followed in tho train of the famine. At this present moment the population of Guntoor has not recovered from the effects of that black year," although half the period during which Borne of the most slowly progressive of the kingdoms of Europe double the number of their inhabitants has already -passed by.
But the government revenue suffered in the most for converted into messes as dainty and even more wholeeoma than are, en passant, handed round at the tables of the rich. This is not done, because the English poor know little a nothing of even the first mincinles nf cooking. If in but such limits as to jiistily government to unaertaice u. The work was sanctioned in 1836. Prior to this had slept near a road had we discovered it we would have gone to a distance for fear of being discovered.
It was a great mercy we did not, In the morning we were attacked bv viUafl-ero with inner hAmhnna. who came about US in time the Coleroon branch, when the river was un affected by flood-water, snpplied about 7,000 cubic attendance on the poor, a medical man order a simple broflt he often has to instruct the anxious but ignorant mother how to prepare it or he will ses a solid lump of steak nlunsred in hniline- wstpr ns mwiAtnHna midable manner at the samo time. The year after the numbers that increased every moment, Their yells were leet ot water per second Kr the irrigation, oi acres white the Uauvery supplied cuaic reei famine, the land rent tell at onto to one-halt otits previous average, and the miscellaneous revenue in a considerably larger proportion. Even now the standard income previous readable line, ion must persevere an writing; after this all is chaos and scribble. A large sheet is careering through the page, and the appearance of the manuscript generally is that of a cepy-book with a writing lesson badly set, and imitated by a child of tender years.
The most remarkable of the illustrations are the personal spirit emblems" of Sustainer," Introvision." and young Hopeful." The first is a gaudy per second tor 605,000 acres. norriDie, so aevuisn, tnougn we naa aone notuing. no fired pistols and missed them. I was commanding, and kept in the rear with Ewart, facing about now and then, and stopping the ruffians, I was horribly hampered with Mr. Smalley behind me and little Lotty in my arms.
I to the famine has not been surpassed, if, indeed, it has for the beef-tea he has prescribed. Through the sama ignorance every attempt to turn to account the daily food proves a failure and the labouring man too often returns to work with his stomach loaded with a hard crude mam of food, that has cost him three times more money, and is threa confirmed the bloodthirsty ruffians in their mistake. A round shot and a shower of grape were sent after us. They did no harm, as we were not visible to the gunners. I thought at first that the guns were merely meant to terrify us, and convince us wo must go, but I am quite sure now it was meant to rival Jhansi.
I did not know till to-day that before I left the mess a charge of grape was fired at the tents the officers used to occupy on parade. A second waB fired over the lines towards Dr. Boys's house, and two more, after a long interval, as wa left the mesa. Young Henry Kirke just got out of his father's compound in time to see a lot of troopers ride up nrlftl mmwla nnA onnJ .1 TL n. The area of irrigation supplied by the Coleroon only required 4,000 cubic feet per second, while that i tin AAA been reached, ihe loss ot revenue to the Btate is tairly calculated at a e-ross total of unwards of 90 Iakha of ranees.
missed the ruffians when I fired, but they missed me too. At or 900,000. sterling. When to this amount are added tie much greater losses sustained by the community, it would watered oy the uauvery required upwarua ui cubic feet. It was necessary, therefore, to throw the excess of the Coleroon into the Cauvery.
To effect this a dam. or annicut of masonry, was thrown across appear that a sum of 2i crores of rupees, or the same last some armed horse and foot men joined from the road, and. thou a Mrs. Kirchoff, who with her husband, a sergeant under poor Powys, had joined us at Malwa, fell off her horse. I had a ruffian with a lance poised at me, and another brandishing one of their long bamboos.
I had neither hand free, and missed the spearman. My two friendsj beetle, set in a border of blue, red, and orange the second, a variegated representation of a ramaneur, in a similar border while the child gives us something that would serve as a very pretty pattern for the bed of the Coleroon, at the head or upper part of a fancy shirt. If it were not for the freedom and the Island of Senngnam tne crown oeing piaceu ui a height calculated to divert half the supply of water his fathers guard aimed at him, but tho naik put the barrel aside, and Henry reached us safely. Providentially, avarice was uppermost in the mutineers' minds. They seized our bearers and khidmulgars, thinking they would have money, and would also know what direction the officers spontaneity of the design, we should fancy it had times more difficult of digestion, than might hava been prepared had his wife known how to cook.
Yet, as cooling is not an intuitive gift, it is difficult to blame a poor woman without means of learning how to dress food wall and cheaply. We, therefore, willingly direct attention to an institution, recently established by a committee of ladies, fof the purpose of imparting this knowledge to the poor. It is proposed also to instruct girls desirous of becoming cooks, or to tench those already so employed; and especially to educate those qualifying as nurses in tha preparation of articles of diet for the sick. The present situation, of this School of Cookery" (for that is the title) is 190, Albany-street, Regent's Park. The articles of food prepared in the kitchens are sold to the poor at little mora than cost mice, whilst resrular cuRtomers ran hava theic been seen under the influence oi the rod.
into the stream ot tne uauvery, in tne aveiugo auive of the river during December and January. This, it was conceived, would ensure a fair distribution of The list of the elect in Mrs. Crosland's circle, who nowever, unseed me, ana as i could an nothing on norsenacs, and the woman's husband seemed quite unable to put her on her horse again, I was wanting to get off and fight on footj feeling we could not leave the woman, when off went my horse at such a gallop. I had only a string for a bridle, and had to hold Lotty, and could do nothing to stop the horse, that was always a runaway and hard to stop. Frank' a son came thundering up, and my horse got worse.
I was very angry, not knowing Frank was chased by a loosa horse; at last we cot near a friehtful nullah I are either active visionaries or passive believers, uumoer ot millions oi pounds sterling, would ve no exaggerated estimate of the aggregate loss of property due to this deplorable calamity, Much has now been done, and is still in progress, to remedy the frightful evils of famine and pestilence, which cannot be better exemplified than by showing what has been effected for the delta of the Cauvery. The delta of the Cauvery may be regarded as a triangle, having the city of "Tanjore for its apex and the coast of the Bay of Bengal, from Devicottah to Point Calimere, for its base. This tract of more than 1,750 square miles is converted by artificial irrigation from a sandy desert iu the hottest part of India to a highly-cultivated garden, covered with tho mniii otrpnm mirmer tne irrigaang aeusun. xuc dam was a simple bar of masonry, 750 yards in comprises a military man, several ladies, a literary friend, a gentleman who writes to the newspapers," a clergyman, and the son of a statesman. Further naa taxen.
The mess khansaman was taken a prisoner with the rebels on their march, to be tortured or terrified into disgorging. I heard that they cut his head off at Alipore. The bungalows were surrounded by parties. The Sepoys took what they wanted, and then they burnt house and all together, a party preventing others removing anything. The bazaar was then attacked, and the dealers stripped, and length, divided into three parts by the interposition comment on the creed or proceedings of these per of two small isianas lormeu ui wo ueu ui me oucani.
The northern portion was made 7ft. and the expected the horse to leap into, when, to my relief, he sons would be useless we can only express our re remainder 5ft. 4in. high, constructed ot brick yieiaea, ana, turning to tne right, stoppea soon, ana 1 thought all must have been murdered but some who might masonry, capped with cut stone the thickness thmnrfiout was 6ft. In the rear of the dam an gret at finding a hand associated with many gracelul trifles in magazines and annuals, now figuring on the title-page of a book, the doctrine of which would navo naaen on, ana so we moved on, sad, as you may suppose.
I now found my poor horse had been pierced on the right cmiuren taugnc tne elements of cookery-and the hrst principles of housewifery gratis. The laudable efibrts of the society will be greatly assisted by persons ordering dishes even of the most elaborate kind for their own tables. There is a clause in the prospectus particularly addressed to the profession', and which we trust may induce practitioners to assist so praiseworthy an institution. It states that orders from medical men will be received, and the food sent to them if required." Zancet. mo, mwm iiuve Known wnat was coming and to have concealed it from us, trusting to a promise that they would not be robbed, ana an assurance that hostility would only be directed against us, It is a mercy the men were thus occupied, and that the moon was long of rising and the nisht dark it mum! h.
apron of masonry 21ft. broad covered with cut stone make it offensive did not its roily render it con temptible. 1 toot in thickness, was careiuiiy laiu in, ana uyurauiic cement, was formed to protect the dam from injury from the fail ol water over it. The apron again was miss the Chutterpore road again; we hit the Lake-road, The country between the two could not be crossed, and so Jackson said we had better make for the nnrf o-rf Dividend of the (Irish) Midland Railway rirotected bv a mass ot rough stone placed below it, dock oy tne lance tia naa carried it some distance, frans said, No wonder he Poor Lotty was alive. I had the greatest difficulty in holding her, and in trying to save her the shock of the horse nearly lest her often.
A kind man, a very poor one, sheltered us part of the day his name was Ferukh Khan. Wherever we turned that day and the next every hand was against us. We were offered water when arched with thirst, to get a chance of knocking us off our orses. At noon of the 21st, a Sunday, we lay down under some trees, and soon became aware of a concourse of armed Company. We understand it is the intention of the direc 9 to 12 feet broad and 4 feet deep, Twenty-two Apothecaries' Hall.
Names of eentlemeiiwlio old boatman Bowanee to show us a cross-country road to Cawnpore. Our Sepoys were dwindlinir off. and fhneaith tors of this company to recommend to the proprietors at the rich alluvial soil. Some idea of its fertility may be conceived from the fact that four different harvests may be obtained in the year, two of them from the same ground the increase expected in ordinary seasons is fifty-fold for the first crop, forty for the second and third, and from twenty to thirty for the fourth; the proportion of seed sown being about 10 bushels to the English acre. This fertility-is produced by the decomposed rocky Burface which the river brings down from the Western Ghauts in which it takes its rise.
The Cauvery is flooded twice in the year in May when the rains fall on the Ghauts, and in July when the monsoon rains fall on flnrnmandel. The artificial system of sluices or openings were distributed throughout the dam, their sills being on the same level as the apron, us were only ready to disperse or run from an attack. We passed their examination in the seienco and practice of medicine, and received certificates to practise, on Thursday approaching half-yearly meeting a dividend of five per cent, for the half-year ending the 30th of Juna last. Dublin to afford a tree passage to the sand, ana possible to prevent the bed of the Coleroon above the dam Freeman. thought that it had been intended by the mutineers of the 12th to let us eo: they were rio-ht.
ktnrhutm men being olose to us. The others mounted, and got off a few yards. I had to pick up Lotty and mount, and had not September 10: Sidney Fennell, Cradly, Worcestershire; Wm, Edward Hide, Ledbury, Herefordshire; Edward Sharpin, Bedford, Beds. Mudie's Library. At the north-western corner being raised by deposits.
not known. They tried to find us, but failed. They sent threatening messages to Rajahs in the vicinity, forbidding them to shelter us. but the Chntternnro Ranpo nilim fn In these dimensions the very limits of the verge of time, so i toon ner in my arms ana lot mem come on. mj horse could not go at all, so it was useless to attempt an escape.
I had repeatedly told the others to make off under of New Oxford -street and Museum-sireer, and close' to Bloomsbury church, with its fine Reman portico, Mr, Mudie is making very considerable additions and im stability were encroached upon, and, in the year lof- sucn circumstances, ana sea how 1 was treated, iney aid not do so. Good feeling prompted Frank, who is a fine lowing, H4U leet oi the northern portion oi tne aam irrigation economises these spasmodic supplies of her son did not mind them, We got to her city. Chutterpore, at daybreak of the Uth, and stayed till the night of the 12th. Poor Townsend and I then went back to cantonments. The rebels had eone on the, 11th at 3 m.
Wnt provements to his extensive library, both internally and externally, from the designs of Henry Danger-field, architect, Cheltenham. The building, when completed, will comprise a frontage of 70 feet in water Sects them when and where they are most were cmied away. The breach was speedily repaired, nlci UUcyiu'vu OTWI iha rom-lr remmnoj infant nntll 1 R43. WMlcino and the work remained intact until 1843, receiving fv(-lior. bv a system ot embankments.
protects the fertilised land it has created from the a bungalow had escaped the flames; the mess-hoirse could not be burnt. The whole country around was walking off with wood from the lines and bazaar. We left in th niter. fellow in many respects. We were taken to a village.
I need not describe what followed, but everything betokened death as certain. One old rascal looked at me maliciously, and made a hacking movement with his hand against his throat, as a suggestion of what we deserved and were to get. We were told at last we were to be taken to tho Newab of Banda. The poor man Ferukh had said it was certain death to go to Banda, and I felt certain we Bhould be all killed. I had a very faint hooo that God might snare us.
Museum-street, and 63 feet in New Oxt'ord-Btreet. The chief accommodation afforded in the interior will comprehend one library 32 feet long by 22 feet wide another 32 feet by 17 feet and one 22 feet by 17 feet together with minor destructive cnecie 01 lui uaccos ui wnici. It is an interesting fact, that the district owed the noon and slept at the Logassee Rajah's, 9 miles off. Major Kirke was there his health had been failing, and now, from want of tea and wine and beer, hie was quite gone. The remains of the corns f79 Senovs.
1 nntivo nffi ml first establishment ot a system ot irrigation to a con ones, and staircases at the rear, communicating with the upper stories of the premises. The libraries are all of the only from time to time minor improvements. The 22 sluices being found inadequate for the work of scouring the bed of the channel in 1843, enlarged sluices were constructed. Various measures were adopted to discharge into the Coleroon the excess of water thrown during freshes by the Coleroon dam into the Cauvery. The largely increased volume of water thrown into the Cauvery branch led to great erosion of the queror.
In the second century ot the uhnsnan era, Kaiah Veeranum constructed the system which re Grand Pilgrimage. A letter from Presburg in the Cologne Gazette, states that a grand procession of the Roman catholics of Hungary had just started on a pilgrimaga to Maria-Zell. About 15,000 pilgrims from different provinces of the country took part in it. All the corporate bodief of Presburg, with their banners, opened the line of march) and were followed by the clergy and the municipal aathorl ties, and after them came the pilgrims divided into bodies ol Hungarians, Germans, and Sclavonians. The cortege wa9 closed by the cardinal prince primate, and carried before bio were the presents intended for the church among others statue in silver and gold of tho Virgin, and a valuable banner.
Abuse of Photography. Two photographers! named Leseage and Merieux, were yesterday sentenced by the Tribunal of Correctional Police to three and two months' imprisonment, and fine, forhavingpiiblished obscene photographs. Eight young women, all more or less pretty, were charged for having served as models and as the public prosecutor stated that they, like other women who had been condemned for the same offence, would not care for fines, inasmuch as the money was certain to be paid by their admirers, the tribunal sentenced four of them to a month's imprisonment, and the other four to a formiRbfs uniform height of 11 feet 4 inches from floor to ceiling, and are to be conveniently fitted. The total length of the rAA nw.A i11 It 11 i facl- 1. mains to the present day his great works still remain monuments of his wisdom; and all we have good taste and novelty of design have been displayed, more narticularlv in the ground story range of windows, and their done has been to pertect and carry out the plans indicated by his works.
The system adopted by the banks and deepening of the Deo. ounuiuraeouaiy the Coleroon branch was obstructed by heavy depo It was a great relief when we got to the Newab' palace through thousands of zealous Mahommedans, and were pulled inside the gate and assured we were safe. Mrs. Mawe was brought in next day. The rest of the party had got rid of the assailants, shooting one, and by the 21st they had crossed the river Cane, five miles below Banda; they were close to it when some villagers menaced them; they ail mounted and rode off.
Poor Doctor and Mrs. Mawe fell off and were not noticed, save by Sergeant Kirchoff, who had to attend to his own wife. She had gone on and he was on foot, and he left the two. Poor Dr. Mawe had lost his hat the day before, and had suffered awfully.
He died a few minutes after being left. Poor Mrs. Mawe, burned all over by the sun, went then and sat down in the river to cool some havildars, your pet for one) had left Chutterpore on the nightof the 12th. On the way the Majortookitinto his head the Sepoys meant to murder him, and rushed off without any warniDg to Logassee. He passed the night there, imagining all sorts of horrible deeds were being meditated by the Rajah, who treated' us most kindly.
We set out early under a guard, and on the way heard that when we joined all the ofiicers were to be murdered, The Rajah said his servant, who had been in the camp, had overheard it, so we changed our route, and wrote to Jackson to look out and join us at Churkharee, whither we went by a forced march, meaning to ask the Rajah for troops to enable us to disarm the last comers of our men, They might have joined solely for mischief. It was all an illusion. The servant had made the tale up. The Raiah sent us durini? the dav a mctmA ilajan was tne loiiowing cnannels, sometimes supplied with head sluices of masonry, were cut in the river bank, and so arranged as to obtain a full accessories. On the Museum-street side there are a series of five windows, and on the New Oxford-street front six.
These windows are all segmental-headed, and instead of the ordinary moulded architraves and archivolts being adopted, their dressings are formed of Minton's encaustic tiles, in floral pattern in colours, encased in enriched mouldings in Portland cement. The windows are separated from each other by panelled piers, and above is an enriched cor-nico, which breaks over them at top, to be surmounted fit sits and sandbanks above the dam and there seemed reason to apprehend an inversion of the former relation of the two tranches the Cauvery becoming the main stream, and the Coleroon ceasing to obtain its due supply moderate floods these were led to the fields by infinite numbers of smaller channels of share of water. These defects were remedied by distribution. When the surface of the river was too low to supply these channels, the water was raised to the proper height by temporary imprisonment, and lOOf. fine each.
One of tho females, who intervals with terra-cotta vaseB, wnicn, with monoerammio Colonel Sim. of the Engineers, who lowered, 1843, ner burns. Uy and by some more villagers came and earthen dams, or permanent ones composed of araggea ner out, stripped oh her clothes to get money. Others had plundered her and tho doctor ere he died the central portion of the Coleroon dam two feet throughout a length of 700 feet, and in 1845 constructed a regulating dam of masonry, 650 yards' in length, across the mouth of the Cauvery. The result initial letters, are to bo supplied from the establishment of Mr.
Blashfield, of Praed-street, Paddington. There are two entrances to the premises in Museum-street, and one in New Oxford-street. The upper portion of the old building, above the level of the shop cornice, has been thoroughly message to say he heard that something had happened. I calculated on the men being disconcerted at our not coming and postponing the assault. The men were, on the contrary, most faithful, and were greatly excited at the Major's absence, and were iu great suspense and nain thrmio-h hour.
she saved her marriage ring ia her hair she had to leave the body unburied, and with bare feet to walk over the burning rough road for three miles to a village, to be ing he and I had been' killed. They were'actually weeping, has been that, after each succeeding fresh, the beds of the rivers become improved, and their regulation more perfect. The body of water which formerly passed in a deep concentrated stream into the Cauvery is now diffused over the two beds, each re is known by the name ot La Belle Antonia, on hearing tne sentence had a violent nervous attack, and had to be carried from the court. Galignani, The Inter.vatiosal Statistical Coxgkess. At the last meeting of the International Statistical Congress, which was held on the Sth of Septemberat Vienna, Dr.
Farr, the representative of Great Britain, moved that the commission for making future arrangements should name the place and time for holding the next congress. The motion was unanimously adopted and, therefore, Dr. Farr expressed a hope that the commission would be pleased to name London as the meeting place of the fourth congreis. Tho proceedings of the congress were wound up with a cheer for the Emperor of Austria. The Bath Gazette states that Christopher Bowells, the collector of the poor-rates for Bradford Union, has recently absconded, taking with him about 200.
belonging to the guardians, masonry, innicui is tne Indian name given to these dams. Many of these ancient works still remain, and one called the Grand Annicut continues to this day to play a most important part in the irrigation of the llelta. Hand in hand with the dam system, embankments were constructed to restrain the waters in extreme floods. Besides channels, embankments, and dams, large reservoirs or artificial lakes, called tanks, were constructed to preserve, when the water was abundant, a supply for times of scarcity. The embankment of the Poonang Tank in the Trichinopoly district is thirty miles in length that of the Veeranum tank is ten miles.
Numerous others of scarcely inferior dimensions are scattered, about tsnovaiea, anu tsurmuumeu uy mi enuuueu parapet ot perlo- work, having at intervals dwarf pedestals, on which are plact! highly ornamented vases. The premises, as regards tho range of the ground floor windows, are to be protected by Sunnett and patent curvilinear iron shutters. Messrs. Parfrinson and Son, of 26, King-street, Holborn, are the general contractors for the works, which are being executed under the supervision of the architect. Mr.
Vincent Bellman, of Buckingham-street, Fifzroy-square, is executing the plain and enriched Portland cement work for the general contractor, and it is but justice to say that so far as it has Sroceeded it is in his usual admirable style of workmanship. htilding News, teasea ana temhea Oil sleep quieted an tne village. Next morning they sent her to the Newab. The doctor's last words were, Poor Lotty 1 I am glad to know she is safe with I am glad he thought so highly of me as to Eut such confidence in me, and consequent satisfaction- about is child. I am glad God preserved her.
We were all 16 days at the Newab's, and got here on the 12th of July. Poor Mr. Barber was quite knocked up ere Mrs. Mawe lost sight of him; he felt as if shot an hour afterwards, killed by the sun. Poor Ewart, the most fearless of men, died in the sameway.
On the 23rd they stopped, and Kirke went to a village to get him a little water though insensible, he came back with the whole village yelling lite i ana were determined to gro no farther till we came, or at least the Major did. We joined them at Malwa on the 1ith, at night. The Rajah had treated us ill he feared to shelter us, lest the rebels should hear of: it. The dak from Agra came in during the day, and he took heart, and then let it be- known we were with him, giving us ft carriage and four to get to Malwa. There we found all the INowgong Christians, save two bandsmen, and the woman who TOs servant to you for two hours, and then made a great rumpus about the children, and left you.
I think she then must Save gone with the mutineers. The Christians had hid themselves till they could get away, I half fear that one drum- ceiving its just share. Experience has proved that the long struggle was fairly over. The means adopted have proved sufficient to control the two streams in the most satisfactory manner. The result of the improved irrigation has been a great increase in the area of land cultivated, and a.
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