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Ten Logansport, Indiana Pharos-Tribune Friday Evening, June 1, 1962. 47- Cass Delegates Named To 4-H Roundup ' - • c? ••• . . ••••.•• • ; . • J- 2,500 Expected At Annual 4-H Event Forty-seven Cass county 4-H Club members, 21 boys and 26 girls, will join some 2,500 Hoosier; 4-H Club members from,, the. state's' 92 . counties at the 44th annual 4-H Roundup at Purdue University from June 5 through June 7. The theme of-the annual program is "Learn, Live, Serve through 4-H." Those from Cass county planning to; attend include: Adams township, Barbara Ybu- mans and Dick Elkins; Bethlehem township, Margaret Champ and Larry Strong; Boone, Dorothy Hook and Mike Rowe; Clay, Linda Bowles; Deer Creek, Marsha Pickett, Jan Cohee, Junior Cree and Tom Hook; Harrison, Ed Smith, Mark Jones, Sam Powlen, Jim Shafer, Barbara Haselby, Karen Thompson and Beverly Stair and Jackson township, Danny Jackson, Larry Hardin, Sandra Thompson and Linda Scott. Also, Jefferson, Tonya Regan, Rebecca Baer and Jay Risser; Miami, Dale Bowman, Bob Pear and Deborah Balsbaugh; Noble, Mary Lou Zeider; Tipton, Nancy Guy, Bonnie Wilson and J. P. Williamson, Washington, Frances Jay, Pat Mennen, Jerry Slusser, Jim Raikes, Phil Martin, Fred McNulty and Joe Leffert, and Eel township, Linda Cosgray, Kathy Moore, Karen Kellogg, Sharon Kellogg, Pat Leazenby, Beverly Gray, Linda Sailors and Sharon Ross. Registration' of delegates will begin at 9 a.m., Tuesday, June 5. -The first general session will open that afternoon in the Hall of Music with Ron Ferris, Hancock county, presiding.-H. B. Taylor, state 4-H leader at Purdue, will welcome the club members. State achievement winners in home grounds beautification, 4-H News NOBLE SUN MAIDENS A Mother's tea was staged by the Sun Maidens 4-H club during the recent:, meeting held at the Noble township school ,with Donna March, president, in charge. Foilowirig the pledges, songs were led by Kathy Myers and Lois Lucy. For roll call, each member introduced her mother and presented a flower to her. Janey Speicher sang, ."My Mom," accompanied, by Shirley Moss. Pam McCall presented i a • poem entitled, "Mothers.", Mrs. Young, of Jefferson township, demonstrated various ways to decorate cakes, She made a doll cake and a birthday cake. Several of the members: brought cookies, cakes and rolls which were judged by Ho Coffing. For health and safety, the girls brought fire prevention posters which were -also judged by Ilo Coffing. First place went to Janey Speichre, second place to Maureen and Patty McKaig, and third place to Christy Nicoll. Refreshments were served. ome furnishings, community, re- itions, soil and water conserva- lon, forestry, frozen foods,,public peaking and poultry will .be an- lounced. . ' • v Dr. Earl L. Butz, Purdue's .dean f agriculture, will conclude the fternopn meeting'. ,He will ,'dis- uss "Brainpower—A Priceless 'ool." A chicken barbecue will be,held iat evening and a 4-H Roundup arty will wind up the .opening ay's events. Marjorie Holm, Tippeeanoe ounty, will preside at the Wed- esday morning, June 6, general ession. Wil Justi, director of outh activities for the National •Jrange, will discuss "Citizenship n a Positive Sense." Then state achievement winners n agricultural program, alumni ecognition, automotive care and afety,. baking, dairy foods, dog are, health, home economics, ecreation and safety will be in- reduced. Mark Richardson, Wayne coun- y, will preside at the afternoon ession. Prairie Farmer magazine wards .will- be presented and ien state, achievement winners in >eef, canning, clothing, dairy, lectric, entomology, field crops, oods, garden, swine and tractor rejects will be introduced. Herb True, South Bend, will ien discuss "Leadership with jnagination." Adult 4-H leaders and extension gents will hold their banquet Wednesday night. Adult 4-H lead- rs with long records of service ill be recognized. The Share-the- Fun Festival with Joyce Berry, ('abash county, and Merlyn Alright, Marshall county, presid- ng, will conclude the day's vents. The final general session Thurs- lay morning, June 7, will feature ntertainment, introduction of late winners in citizenship, lead- rship, n a t.i o n a 1 conference, .chievement and Camp Miniwan- :a and a pageant on the history f the land-grant' college and the •H movement by Allen county -H members. Nancy Norris, lush county, will preside at the oncluding session. FOUR-LEAF CLOVER The Boone township Four-Leaf Clover Club met at the high school on May 28 with Sue Berkshire, president, in charge. Flag pledges were led by Connie Beecher and the secretary's report was given by Christina Dorton. The local demonstration contest will be held at the next meeting set for June 12 at 1:30 p.m. First year members. in clothing will sew on June 5 from 9 a.m. until noon. Sue Berkshire and Christina Dorton led the club in songs and refreshments were served. JUNIOR SETTLERS The- Junior Settlers 4-H club convened Tuesday at tr. home o: Carla Keitzer, 926 W. Linden with Janet Julian, president, in charge. The pledges to the flags were led by Judy Anderson and devo tions were offered by Kay Shanks A health and safety report Tvas given by Cynthia Shanks followed with singing led by 'Kay Shanks Carla Keitzer was in charge 0: roll call, answered with vacation plans. Following the secretary treasurer reports, a demonstra tion on "Party Sandwiches" was presented by Deborah Smith. Recreation was held and refreshments were served by Carl; Keitzer to 13 members, two lead ers and one guest, Laura Johnson Janet Julian adjourned'the meet ing. The next meeting on June 7 wi' be at the home of Janet Julian 729 Race street. Purdue University agricultura engineers remind farmers the ro tary hoe is most effective whe used just as weed seedlings ar coming up in a slightly- crustw soil. It is not highly effective when the soil surface is loose ant dry. • USDA Report Donations of Food for '62 WASHING-TON CUP!) — Food pnations by the Agriculture De- artment during the first nine months of fiscal 1962 to domestic nd foreign outlets totaled more han 3.6 'billion pounds, 42 • per ent more than the 2.5 billion xmnds distributed 'in the same eriod a year earlier. Cost of the fodd donated from uly, 1961, .through March, 1062, fas $461.9 million; Donated foods uring the entire 1961 fiscal year ost $453.8 million. _. Donations to domestic outlets o'taled more than 1.5 billion xmnds in the'first three, quarters f fiscal 1962, an increase of ,?7 er - cent over the 835 million lounds distributed in the same jcriod of fiscal 1961. Cost of the orations for the 1 nine months vas $286.5 million. The department said the in- rease is a result of .efforts to use more of the nation's agricul- ural abundance to improve diets )f school children and needy per- ons. There were 7.4 million ,eedy persons receiving • donated oods in March, 1962, compared o 5.6 million in March, 1961. The amount of food going to he needy persons group wenl rom about 477 million pounds in he July-March period last year o about 1 billion pounds during he same nine 'months. of -fisca .962. This was an increase ol more than 114 per cent. The two billion pounds donated to- foreign outlets during the first nine months of fiscal 1962 represented a 20.8 per cent in crease over the 1.7 billion pounds of the same period in 1961, Cos of .the foreign donations this year was $175.4 million: • Farm prices and farm cost: were unchanged in the montl ended May 15, the Agricultun Department reported Thursday This situation left farm prices per cent above those of a yea earlier and farm costs 1 per cen above year ago costs. FARMERS PLOWING LAND FOR CASS RESIDENT MILE-POSTS By BYRON PABVIS A recent report revealed that ne of >the major causes of 'the lock market slutnp was the ef- ects of the European. Common tfarket on the markets of the ree world. In order to better understand some of the complexities f a free world market and its ffect on nations not directly in- •olved, J. Carroll Bottum, of Pur- !ue University, has, described the European Economic Community- be Common Market. Bottum- has tated that the Common Market is 'one of the most significant world ivents of this generation." Whether or not the Common Market, as it is employed in Eur- pe, had any effect on the recent lock markefslump in the United States 'will have to be decided, by inancial analysts.' At any rate, 'rofessor Bottum has attempted .0 make clear some of the back;round of the European Common Market. The six Common Market coun- ries are Belgium, the Nether- ands, Luxembourg, France, West lermany and Italy. These countries in 1960 'had an estimated population of 172 million living in in area of slightly more than .51,000 square miles. This conv jares to. a total U.S. population . of 181 million and an area of hree million square miles. Gross National Product (GNP) of the Common Market countries n 1960 totaled $179 billion, compared to $305 billion for the United States. Three steps taken after World Var II resulted in creation of the Common Market, which was set up by the Treaty of Rome and •atified in December, 1957. Bot- urn lists them' as: ". . . The ''Marshall Plan passed >y Congress in 1948. Under this )lan over a period of nine years, he United States provided $19 )illion to promote the economic development and reconstruction of 18 countries in Western Europe. ,". . .the formation of the Or- anization for European Coopera- ion to allocate financial aid made available by the United States. the European Coal and Steel Community formed in 1952 ,o establish a unified market for coal and steel in Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Nether- .ands and West Germany. Since 1953, tariff and qu'ota restrictions on these products among these six countries have been abolish- d." ; Objectives of the Common Mai tet countries approach, economically, a United States, of Europe, observes the agricultural economist. What are the basic objectives of the European Economic Community (EEC), or the so-called Common Market? Bottum lists them as: Elimination- of customs duties between the six countries which make up. the Common Market — Belgium, the Netherlands, i Luxembourg, France, West Germany and Italy. (At the end of 12 years protective duties among these countries would be ended.) Establishment of a common customs tariff. With certain exceptions, there will be a single common tariff for each commodity for all EEC countries. In most cases, it will equal the average of their tariffs at the beginning of EEC. Elimination of all quanitative mport and export restrictions within the EEC area. A common agricultural policy with these purposes—increase agricultural productivity, assure equitable standard of living to farmers, stabilize markets, guarantee supplies and assure reasonable consumer prices. Free . movement of persons (workers), services and sapital.- No restriction on capital movements between the countries. A common policy toward rail, highway and water transportation. This will include common regulations for interstate traffic and conditions under which a carrier from one. country will be permitted to operate in another member coun- trv -. United States exports to the Common Market in fiscal 1961 amounted to $3'/£ billion of which $1.1 billion represented farm products. ••- ,o These agricultural exports were 22 per cent of this country's total agricultural exports and were mainly sold for dollars. During fiscal 1961 the United States imported $2.1 billion worth of Common Market items of which $220 million was agricultural. Thus, agricultural exports to the Common Market were five times as great as imports. ' ••. Total U. 9. agricultural exports in fiscal 1961 amounted,, to $4.9 billion, of which $3.4 billion were sold for dollars. Of the commodities sold for dollars,'approximately one-third went to : the six Common .Market countries—Belgium, the Netherlands, - Luxembourg, France, West Germany; and Italy. The United Kingdom, which is considering joining the Common Market, bought more than one-half billion dollars worth of 0: S. farm products last year. If the United Kingdom joins the Common Market further questions concerning our agricultural exports will be raised, Bottum observes;Common Market., agriculture, generally, is less efficient, than U, S. agriculture, the economisl notes. Livestock and livestock products make .up about 70 : per cent of the total production. As consumer purchasing power in these countries increases, the demand for livestock and .livestock products will expand...-This means in increase in use of feed grains As a means of protecting .agricultural prices, the .Common Mar: cet has prepared 'to insulate much of its agricultural'"' production rom importation .through variable mport levies, tariffs, fees aiid, in some instances, quota restrictions Continued demand, and. access ;o the Common Market, can be. expected for oilseeds, cotton anc other, agricultural products in which the Common Market is no self-sufficient, Bottum : says. : U. S, producers of feed grains wheat, tobacco and the products of feeds grains -will- likely -bear the brunt of greater 'EEC self sufficiency in the immediate pen od ahead 'in 'imports, In the- long er run, EEC imports may increass because of the greater efficiency Midwest Machinery Auction Hi-way 24 East Edge of'Reynolds, Ind. FIRST THURSDAY EACH MONTH - THIS MlONITH JUlME 7th Farmers — Dealers — Individuals — Use our auction for disposing of .your, excess" machinery. ' Items 1 may be left for private selling during month. Contact owner and auctioneer L. Cobb Vogel, Reynolds^ Phone 131R1 for. information. : , Managers 1. Cobb Vogal; Reynold* and Wally Buckner, iFrancecville 17 Neighbors Manr Beans "or Farmer Thirty-seven neighbors, friends ,nd relatives of Mr. and Mrs. Her- iert Hardy, of rural route 6,' Lo jansport, met at their farm 'hursday and plowed, disced,-har- owed and planted, several acres f soybean. The farmers' used 26 i actors, two trucks, several plant- rs, discs and harrows and other arm machinery to get the job one. Hardy's farm work had been elayed because of the recenl eath of their son. Men aiding in the work were: larold Ross, George Banta, Law. ence Young, Joe Raderstorf, todney Busard, Ross: Gibson, Valter Smith, Wallace Hipes, Jim Jerry, Victor Sell, , Bob Shank, )on Campbell, Maurice • Nice, lobert Burley, Paul Barnes, Dave Brady, Ricky'Hand. . , Charles Miller, Ronnie Miller )ennis Hayden, Dick Robinson, 3ill Farrer, Russell Downhour, 'om Henry, Bill Gordon, Truman bauer,' Robert Dawson, James Vlusall, Russell Fry, Dale Hardy, Carl Hardy, Jr., Paul' Hardy ; 3iff Nice, Paul Vernon, Tom Morphet, Jack Young, Joe Young Dinner was served" at long tales in thci-yard by the following vomen:. Mildred: Swartzeli; Gerrude Vernon, ' Margaret • Young Cleo Banta, Shirley: .Hand, Patty Jarr, Clep Nice, Sharon Barr Kathryn Burley, ' Mary : .Ellen Campbell, Marjorie Ross, Clara 3arr, Doris Hanawalt. Women who sent food included: )live Hipes,, Bemice Baer, Pina Campbell, Pat Hardy, Mary Watts Vera Searight, Georgia , Henry J atty Farrer, Martha Leach, Ed na Mae Busard, Agnes Peters ilva Ciiffin, Ruby Buchanan, Jane Mce, jMary'Kraay, Irene Burley Margaret Gibson, Grace Michael Hazel Smith, Jean Morphet.' . • of American 1 agriculture, he ob serves., ' . .» 'Now .that the 'Common, Markel las become a reality; difficuli decisions nationally lie' ahead. President Kennedy has askec Congress for authority to. offer .ariff reductions on' products thi six European countries in thi lommon Market want to sell us Congress.can take three course of action, Bottum points out, list mg: ". . . reverse the entire policj of .encouraging freer trade; ... extend the Reciproca Trade Agreement Act, or ". . . re-emphasize our polic; toward freer trade." Some of the important consic er,ations involved in the answer to these' questions: • How far do we want to go. i support' of the Common Marke 'romi the standpoint of what .i means to the U. S; politically an militarily to have a strong Euro pean Economic Community? How far do we want to go to ward freer trade because- of it possibilities of 'increasing' th American standard of living? What concessions can be obtain ed agriculturally in the Cdmmo Market if we make concessions i the 'industrial area?. How far and how rapidly d we want to go in changing ou tariffs on industrial products? Do we still need some protec tion for certain industries in orde to keep the- U. ,S. militaril strong? . How will it affect our balanc of payments? ' What will various policies d toward increasing or expandiri our internal economy and whi will ;be the impact on various seg ments of our economy? 4th Annual Antique Show and Sale June 8, 9 and 10, 1962 Logansport, Indiana, at the Armory, 912 S. Cicott St., Friday an Saturday Noon'til 10:00: p.m., Sunday Noon'til 6:00 p.m. 28 outstanding exhibitors' will offer -for sale beautiful display in luxurious setting, rare : old'Ghina> Glass, .Bugs, Coins, Guns Jewelry, Furniture, etc. V' • Sponsored by Junior Chamber 'of Commerce Food served in building. Free parking. Door prizes, 9:30 Frida and Saturday evenjpgs. Tea by Jay-Ettes, 2:00-3:00 p.m. Saturday Admission 50c - - , •arm Viarket Scenes LAFAYETTE, Ind.-Farm com- odity prices, although mixed, lowed overall improvement dur- :g the first half of May, reports '. Paul Mitchell, Purdue Univer- ty extension agricultural econo- list. Prices fluctuated moderately om day-to-day in line with vari- jle receipts. This was especially true with attle; excessive supplies' forced rices lower at the very end of pril, but later reductions in re- ipts permitted some price re- overy, Although, no dominant rend- was in evidence, prices of nost grades of fed cattle were on ie weaker side as the month pro- ressed. Prime steers, still in rather limed-supply were commanding ex•erne top quotations of almost 30 at mid-month. Although prospective supplies of the better rades of cattle are well below ie level of marketings of a year artier, it will be difficult to main- ain the present level of prices, especially if the premature heat wave persists. through the next everal weeks. AtVmid-month, most cattle pric- s were about in line with those t the start, of th'e year, after ad- 'ancing to early April peaks, then leclining. Grade for grade cattle irices are currently from $1-'$3.50 ier cwt. higher than' at mid-May, 961. The greatest relative im- jrovement has been in the prices f the better grades of slaughter attle. Despite a reportedly higher evel of cattle feeding than Jast pear, marketings in recent weeks ave -been significantly below hose, of a year - ago. Smaller receipts of hogs permit ed top prices to rise lo $17.50 on he larger markets. This repre- ents gains of at least $1 per swt., over levels prevailing early n the month. In fact, average orices of barrows and gilts at In- lianapolis advanced from a low of $15.62 on May 4 to $16.75 at mid-month. It is difficult to know whether, the cut back in receipts which led to the advance was due o actual seasonal reductions in upply or .just to the fact that armors turned their attention to iejd work as': weather conditions jeeame-favorable. Some seasonal >rice improvement has been ex- jected- for .the. summer months, and prices may approach lasl ummers relatively good prices, Mitchell says. Lamb prices have come in for a share of price advances, especially as a few new crop lambs ap- >eared on some- markets. Prices ip to $22 have been reported on a ew sales of spring lambs, al- hough the practical lop on fee westerns has been $19. In grain markets, stronger prices, have been the rule for every- hing except rye, which has los' 2c per bushel on nearest, con racts since May 1. Wheat anc >eans each show gains of Ic per )ushel, while corn and oats show >ains of 2 and 3c, respectively, on .he Chicago futures market. A sit uation is developing in Jocalizec areas of Indiana where feet _;rain supplies are becoming defi cit and price quotations reflect th< costs of transportation into the lo cal area. This.situation is expect ed to become worse as the sum mer progresses and more acute localized shortages develop, ac cording to Mitchell. Continued large receipts of broil ers have kept prices at the farm [evel generally at 13-15c with ±4c per Ib. being the most freqiently reported price. This price on broilers has remained practically steady during the first half of May. Prices on heavy hens have also been steady, mostly at 14-16c per Ib. Egg prices have advanced l-2c per dozen and are generally 25- 26c for Grade A Large. IT'S DONE THIS WAY-Princcss, a pony owned by Trudy Busard, five, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Rodney Busard, of Noble township, seems to be showing her eolt how lo eat grass. It is quite a struggle for the little colt, Pet. Pet was born April 21. Princess was a gift to Trudy from her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Love, rural route 1, Logansport. (Staff Photo.) ews 'Oats produce excellent pasture for dairy cows if grazed just .before or at the .heading stage, assert Purdue University agrono mists. Grazing the oats allows more sunlight for the new meadow seedlings too. , Mastitis Major Dairy Problem ' LAFAYETTE, Ind.—Dairymen can reduce mastitis by sound ierd management, correct milking procedures and early diagnosis and proper treajjnent of the disease, says a- Purdue University extension veterinarian. Dr. F. A, Hall points out that mastitis is a major disease problem of the dairy industry, resulting in.millions of dollars of losses annually in both 'cattle and milk production. ' Sound management includes practices that help reduce injuries to udders and teats and make cows more comfortable, such' as using ample bedding, keeping barnyards free of mud holes and trash and making sure that cows have adequate floor space. Correct milking procedures include using a separate towel for each cow when washing the udder, testing each quarter with a strip cup before milking, .using two sets of inflation rubbers and aliernating them each week. The alternate sets should be soaked in a 5-8 percent cold lye solution. Correct pulsation, speed and vacuum on the milking machines should be maintained at all times. If the strip cup reveals signs of .'off-character ..milk the cow should be removed from the milking string until cleared of the trouble. When, antibiotics are used in'treating mastitis, a minimum of 72 hours -or six complete milkings should elapse to prevent harming the milk with 1ha'drug. Treatment of chronic mastili is most effective during the cow's dry period. • Dr. Hall suggests periodic laboratory tests to determine the amount of infection Dr. .Hall emphasizes that treatment alone .is not the answer to the control of .the disease. Use of antibiotics .has not solved this problem, but has perhaps created, new problems. Antibiotics originally effective against some ol the bacteria associated with mastitis seemingly have lost some of their effectiveness, - Dr. Hall adds. In light of this situation the dairyman should use sound here management, correct .milking ROY L CRUME Auctioneer Realtor-Insurance KOKOMO, IND. No Charge. Ph.: logon Enterprise 8476 USDA Seeks Hog Cholera Eradication WASHINGTON (UPD—The Ag. riouHure Department has appealed to farmers to vaccinate *heir pigs against hog didera this spring. ,The disease kills more pigs aflei weaning age than any other singlu disease. A high level of vaccination is a vital part of tiie state-federal oam> paign now undor way to cradicat* ihis costly swine disease, according to Dr. R,,I. Anderson 'of ()h« Agricultural Research Service. "It's particularly important," Anderson said, "that pigs in tran, sit be protected by vaccination, because they have a greatej chance of exposure to the disease," Federal regulations proposed foj <the. eradication program call foi proper vaccination of all feeding and breeding swine that aw iipped acno.ss state lines. Only aijout 45 per cent of th« hogs in the United States now ar« immunized against hog cholera. An increase in vaccination will cut down the-possibility that th« hog'cholera virus will find a susceptible pig in which to multiply, "An infected hog, in effect, is * virus factory," Anderson said. Congress authorized <!he depart' ment last fall to establish a national hog cholera advisory com- 'mittee 1 with a department official -as chairman. Anderson was desig nated chairman. In addition to Anderson, th« committee is made up of repre sentati'ves of the swine and nelate<j industries, state and local govern ments, professional and scientifi* groups, and the general public. More than 5,000 outbreaks of hog cholera were reported !as( year in 46 states and Buero Rico There is no cure for 4)he disease; which affects Jiogs only, but avail able vaccines are effective arid safe when properly used. The department emphasized thai spring is the peak season for vac oinating against chola. Kgs should be vaccinated about two week* after weaning. At this age thej are easily handled and will b< protected before shipment. procedures, and early diagnosis and proper treatment in the control of mastitis. Sale of Household Goods The household goods and equipment of the late Harry W. Price will be offered at private sale at 2017 George Street, beginning at , 10:00 a.m., on Wednesday, June 6th. The following are a few of the items to be included in this salel ' 21-inch Stromberg-Carlson TV, desk and chair, • coffee table, davenport and chair lo match, 4-shelf bookcase, console radio, antique parlor lamp, beautiful antique hall tree, two 9x12 good rugs, drapes, pair brass andirons, several occasional chairs, 8-picce dining room suite, 5-piece bedroom suite, Westinghouse electric stove, Weslinghouse refrigerator, Bendix automatic washer, Hoover vacuum sweeper with attachments, several electrical appliances in good condition, chrome breakfast set, porch furniture, rocker, settee and chairs, 3 step ladders, extension Jadder, rubber tired wheelbarrow, many tools and garden tools, dishes, cooking utensils and manj other articles. , This sale will continue from day to day, opening at 10:00 eaclf weekday. Open House Tuesday, June 5,1962,1 p.m. to 4 p.m.. Not respbnsible for accidents. Mrs. Ann (Morgan) Wolf will conduct the sale for Thelma Prici Pohl. For further information call Mrs. Ann (Morgan) Wolf, tele phone 2833.