The Leeds Mercury from Leeds, West Yorkshire, England on May 26, 1866 · 8
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The Leeds Mercury from Leeds, West Yorkshire, England · 8

Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 26, 1866
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8ECQNX) EDITION, ZEEDS MERCURY OFFICE, Satumuy, May 26, i a.m. ALAEMIHG FIBE IN LEEDS. DESTRUCTION OF A WOOLLEN MILL, ADOut one o'clock this (Saturday) morning, the midents in the neighbourhood of Marshal -street Hol-were aroused by the violent ringing of the bell of Messrs. Emanuel and Son's mill; Bid those -who hastened to the spot discovered that the mill was on ire, and was burning furiosly. Information of the event w i mmediately conveyed to the Leeds Town -Hall , tho Holbeck Police Station, and the olriees of the different fire brigades. "Within a very Bhort space of time the hose and reel from the Town Hall, and that from the Holbook Station were on the spot, and they were speedily followed by the engines of the Liverpool and London, the Sun, and the Norwich Union Fire Offices. The flames had, however pained such hold of the two large buildings forming the uiiil More their arrival that, though the supply of water was most abundant, the labours of the liremen were :.lto(.'ether in vain. From the first it was seen that the .place' wasdoomedtodestruction, an(1 before half -past one the j oof of the larger building had fallen in. At this time the Kcene presented was singularly grand. The flames were lilniiig to a great height, casting a light as vivid as that of day upon the whole neighbourhood of the mills. The heat was intense, and as beam after beam mid window after window -of the doomed buildings fell, the danger of the walls giving way became very great, and the police on the spot had considerable difficulty in keeping off the crowds ni spectators w)io had speedily gathered from all directions, "When it was seen that nothing could be done to subdue the fire in the mill, the attention of the lire brigade was turned to the preservation of the adjoining buildings. The jnil), we ought to state, stands between the Round Foundry, from which it is separated by a narrow lane, and the People's Mill and Co-operative Hall, whilst immediately opposite arc the cxtonsive flax mills of the Messrs. Marshall. The People's Mill was in considerable danger iroin the flames, but up to the time at which we write (3 a.m.), the fire had not spread beyond the building in which it originally broke out, where, however, it was still burning fiercely. 'flic confusion prevailing, and the absence of the owners el the mill, prevented our obtaining any vary exact information with respect to the cause of the fire, or the amount of damage done. It appears, however, that about half-past four yesterday afternoon, a fire broke out m some dust collected from the rags which axe used in the process of wool extracting which is carried on in the mill. The fire brigades and police were sent for, but their services were not required, it being supposed that the fire had teen extinguished before their arrival, Whether it was this lire which again broke out, or a fresh one, it was impossible to ascertain this morning. At eleven o'clock last night the persons in charge of the mill went round the premises, and, as far as they could see, all then appeared to be safe. At one, the watchm an discovered the fire in the "dust willey room," and immediately gave an alarm, We understand that Messrs. Emanuel are insured iu the Royal Fire Office. The damage is estimated at .20,000. IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. (Fy Telegraph.) HOUSE 03? COMMONS, Yesterday. The Speaker took the chair at four o' clock, but, as there we not forty members present, no House was made. COURT OP EXCHEQUER, Friday. From otra Loncoh Reporter. (Sittings in Banco, before the Lord Chief Bahon, and Barons Mabun, Bhamwell, and Channel!,; AMBLER v. BRISCOE. The arguments in this case, in which a rule wa recently granted for a new trial on the part -of the defendant, were resumed this afternoon. Mr. Serjeant Atkinson and Mr. Fhiijjrick appeared for the Plaintiff, and Mr. Ovekend, Q.C., and Mr. Rew for the Defendant. Mr. Ovekene, iu continuation of his argument, said, in answer to Mr. Baron Bramwell, that the general boundary between the ridings was the watershed, but that at the piece of land in dispute it was different, and that the wall through which the defendant shot game was the actual boundary. There was no proof at all of the boundary, except that which was given by the defendant. Ihe person said to be the lord of the manor was Mr, Deardon, but there was no evidence to prove it. There were no torri- ! torial acts on his part to show it. Mr. Baron Channell said the evidence was to the effect that Mr. Deardon, the lord of the manor, went round the boundary every year, Mr. OviIrend said that it was proved the herbage wis let to Adam Robinson, who, therefore, was in possession. The letting of the crop carried with it prima facie the right to the shooting, which therefore belonged to' Robinson. If over Mr. Deardon had possession of the land, he had parted with it, and therefore so had his tenant, the present plaintiff. Mr. Baron MaktiJ! said that parting with the possession was quite consistent with Mr. Deardon reserving to himself the right of shooting game. Mr. Ovbhend contended that the plaintiff must prove that. He must make out his case. The right of shooting was granted after possession had been given to another person, who had consequently also got that right. If otherwise, the plaintiff must prove that he had reserved that right. Mr. Baron Bramwei.i, said if he had-possession of the land lie had as much the right of shooting ovor it as he had of thootiug at a target. Mr. OvEMiND said there was no evidence that the land belonged to Mr. Deardon, except what was stated by a person who know nothing about it. (Laughter.) Mr. Baron Martin pointed to the fact of the defendant having collected the birds, shot them through the wall, and refused to go over it when asked by the keeper to eomo and -pick up the game. Mr. Oveeisnd answered that this happened at a part of the season when the only way of killing game was to stalk them, and the only way to stalk them was to get them as the defendant did. It was not doubted the watershed was ' the boundary ; and to say that the land was Mr. Deardon's because the boundary was not so here (on account of the nature of the land), and because he.had shot there, when witnesses on the other side had proved their having shot on this piece of land, which was said to belong to the lord of the manor for twenty years, was most unjust. The verdict went on the prejudice that was imported by the evidence as to the manner in which the defendant? had practised shooting. Mr. Baron Majitin expressed his decided dissent from this view. There was nothing to prevent the defendant bringing an ejectment. Mr. Rew followed on the same side as Mr. Orerend, urging that it was proved Mr. Deardon and his tenant, the defendant, bad the right of shooting over the moor, but not an exclusive right. Somebody else was in possession, and it was for the plaintiff to reconcile that fact with their alleged exclusive right. Mr. Baron Mabtin asked whether all evidence was not consistent with the fact that persons who were the owners of the soil of moors let out the herbage and reserved the right of shooting game ? He knew that was the practice in Yorkshire and in the north of England generally. Mr. Serjeant Atkinson said there was no evidence to fchow that Robinson had the herbage at the time the lease to the plaintiff was granted by Mr. Deardon, The Loud Chief Baton. Was it proved that somebody olse was in possession seven years ago ? Mr. Serjeant Atkinson replied that it was not. The Loild Ciijei' Baeon asked Mr. Rew why, then, he was to assume that the man had parted with possession and made a grant of what he had no right to grant ': Mr. Rew said the onus in that matter lay on the other side. The Lord Chief Baron said it had been proved on the plaintiff's side that Mr. Deardon executed a deed seven years ago. Robinson was in possession now, but there was no evidence that he wa3 in possession when that deed was executed. The result was tiiat the Learned Judge (Mr. Justice Keating) had found that there was sufficient evidence to go to the jury; the jury found for the plaintiff, and the judge was perfectly satisfied with the verdict, and ' was, indeed, somewhat surprised that a rule had been granted. The fact was that Mr. Overdid had pressed the matter with that zeal which characterised him until they had granted it. He (the Lord Chief Baron) had no doubt their verdict was a very honest and sensible verdict, and his judgment was that the rule should be discharged. Mr. Baron Mahtin was of the same opinion. Mr. Dear-don, he now recollected, was owner of a great many manors, and in this case had lot out the grazing to Robinson, and the right of shooting separately to the plaintiff. If there was any question about ownership, there was nothing in the judgment of the Court to prevent the defendant from vindicating his right to the possession, but there was certainly evidence to go to the jury. Barons Brawweix and Ciianhell concurred, Rule, discharged. RYALLS v. LEADER. This ease which was tried at tholast Leeds Assizes, where a verdict was given for the defendant, and in which a rule was recently granted for a new trial, was called to-day. The hour at which their Lordships usually rise was, how-ww, close at band, and it was accordingly adjourned. The Emperor Napoleon is to leave Paris fur Fontainebleau before the end of tie month. Violent Gale in London. During Thursday night and yesterday morning the metropolis and suburban districts were viBited with a very violent gale of wind, large limbs of trees were dismantled in the various paries, tsmaU craft on the river were driven from their moorings, and a large steamer proceeding up the river struck against the piers of London-bridge, but fortunately no one was injured. In the neighbourhood of Dulwich, Peckham, and Epsom, the trees and plants lave severely sufferod by toe ?eksc i the gqje, The Prince and Princess of Wales honoured the Duke and Duchess of Sutherland by their presence at dinner on Thursday evening, at Stafford, House, St. James's. Among the company invited to meet their Royal Highnesses were Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge and Princess Mary, His Highness Trince Teck, &c. Later in the evening the Duchess had a concert and dancing party. The Duke of Cambridge presided yesterday at the general meeting of the National Rifle Association, which was chiefly occupied with discussing the arrangements for the Wimbledon mooting, to commenco on June 9th. The prizes will amount to 4,020, against .3,695 lost year. The increase to bo given to the Enfield Rifles. Tho number of prizes will be 658, against 580 last year. 'A tire, brolto out at Eothiomurchus, mBodenoch, on Monday, in the most extensive forest of fir of natural growth in Scotland. The flnmes raged for more than six hours, and were only got. under after groat exertions. Tho ground traversed by the fire was about a mile in length, and averaged 100 yards in breadth. A. stream called the Binnie was just in front of the fire, and helped to stop its devastating power, The Ikformeb, Warner. John "Warner is progressing favourably, and thero is no Hkelihood of the wound which ho received proving fatal. However, ho is very much depressed, and appears to fool deeply the miserablo position in which he is placed. But for tho wound recoived'by Warnor ho was to have embarked for Canada on the 31st instant, with his wife and family. We believe that O' Connor, tho man who attempted to assassinate Warner, i6 unknown to the police in connection with tho Fenian movement.-Dublin Daily Express. The A.M.C, op the Manchester Unity at Burton-on-Trent. Yesterday morning business was resumed at nine o'clock. The first proposition was that from Godalming, as to the enforcement of the 38th General Law, with its increased rates of payment, or whether it should still bo lawful for the payments set forth in the old 146th law to be adhered to. This being a. question of serious importance to the order generally, a long discussion ensued. It was stated that the various lodges in the rural districts would prosper and increase were it loft optional to them to adopt the 38th or the H5th old general rule; and that the numbers o young members would be considerably augmented. On the other hand it was alleged that the present law proved very beneficial to Oddfellow-ship ; and the statistics of those districts iu favour of the proposal were shown by Mr. Schoheld to be in the minority, compared with those who had adopted the 3Sth General Rule. Mr. Aitken, Mr. Daynes, and other gentlemen strongly opposed tho proposition, which had a most favourable impression upon the majority of the members of the meeting. Mr. Braddon, of Cheltenham, replied m favour of the proposal. The discussion lasted fivo hours, and the Grand Master characterised it as the best and most ably conducted of any that he had heard during the past eleven years. The votes recorded were as follows : For the proposal, 90; against, 121. Mr. Stigant moved that the votes be recorded ; but his resolution was negatived. The proposal from Manchester relating to the 17th general law was withdrawn ; and that from London (North) recommending that all membors who joined previous to August 1st, 1864, be allowed to participate in the increased benefits by increased contributions, was rejected. Several other proposals wore submitted and disposed of, after which followed the election of Deputy Grand Master for the year 1SG7. Several gentlemen were put m nomination; but the contest lay principally between P.C.S. Walker of the Durham district, and P.P.G.M. G eves, of the Leeds district. The votes when taken the first time were:-For Walker 100; for Geves 40. Upon this Mr. Geves retired, and Mr. Walker was duly elected. Furious Driving. Two Men Committed for Manslaughter. Aninquiry was held by Mr. Humphreys, Middlesex Coroner, at the Windsor Castle Tavern, Victoria Park, on Thursday evening, relative to the death, by being run over, of Joseph Friend, aged sis years. Elizabeth Friend, a little girl, living at 3S), Wilson-street, Bow, said that last Monday evening she was with her brother in Grove-road, where there were stalls and . considerable crowds in connection with a fair which was being held iu the neighbourhood. As witness was crossing the roadway, deceased being close behind her, two empty coal vans came racing furiously down the street. The horses were galloping. One of the vans knocked the deceased down, and he fell in front of the other vehicle. Witness went to pull him out of the way, to Bave him, but some people laid hold of her and dragged her back. The second van then ran over the deceased. He was killed on the spot. The two vans took up nearly the whole of the roadway, each trying to get before the other, Joseph Lane, quartermaster-sergeant of Bengal Light Infantry, corroborated the last witness, and said that the street was crowded with men, women, and children, who were among the stalls whon the vans raced down the road. The drivers did not call out, but were intent upon racing. Witness stopped them, and called the police. Inspector Kerresey, K division, said that tho two drivers of the vans, Henry Clarke and James Cobb both in the employ of Mr. Abbott, coal merchant, of Bow were arreBted by the police on tho charge of killing the deceased. They were both sober at the time. The jury returned a verdict of "Manslaughter against Henry Clarke and James Cobb for killing and slaying Joseph Friend." The Coroner then issued his warrant for the detention of the accused in Newgate until their trial at the next sessions of the Central Criminal Court. A telegram in Le Nerd announces that the Moscow Gazette has been suspended for two months, in consequence of its having received three warnings. The Moscow Gaulle has always been more national than the Russian Government itself, and St. Petersburg letters have told us that its editor, M. Katkof)', was quite a power in the State. He was distinguished by his violence in the Polish insurrection, and was credited more than any other man with having influenced- the Russian national feeling by preaching a holy war against the Poles. More lately, in connection with the attempted assassination of the Emperor, he tried to stirupasimilai'feeling,levollingaccusations against the Russian Minister of the Interior and others for their excessive leniency and reforming tendencies ; in short, for their unwillingness to accept the policy of Russianisiug every district and nationality in the wide dominions of Russia. His journal received a warning for those articles, but he availed himself of the privilege allowed by the Russian law of not publishing the warning for two months, paying instead a heavy fine. Meanwlule he criticised, the warning violently, and as the Minister of the Interior resigned, and one more after M. Katkoff's own heart was appointed, it was thought ho had beaten the Government, and even moro firmly established his own power in the State. This cannot exactly have been the case, however, when wo take note of the punishment now inflicted on the bold editor, but we have yet to learn what is the new offence for which he was warned a third time, followed, according to the provisions of the law, by the temporary suspension of the journal. This is tho first, or at least among tho first instances, of the suspension of a newspaper m Russia since the choice of submitting to tho French regulations or the old system of tho censorship was offered to the journals. Tee Grass Tree,- There are few who have ever travelled any distance in Victoria but have met. with the grass-tree (Xanthoma; , which is to be found in noarly all parts of Australia, Up to a few months ago it was supposed only to be a useless growth, encumbering- the land. A few knew from the blacks that it contained a very tenacious gum the blacks used it as a glue for joining parts of their weapons ; but only within .tho last few months that the following valuable articles have been obtained, after great labour and expense, by a Mr. Dodd. St. Ronan's, the place where Mr.' Dodd has erected his works to canyon the experiments, is situated about 18 miles in a southerly direction from Colac, and here for some months past experiments have been carried on in connection with the grass-tree. The root is the portion used in these experiments, and usually weighs from 101b. to 501b. The root is composed of the stems growing in a close mass around the inner portion or kernel. From the outer portion of the root gum-shellac in largo quantities is obtainable ; the refuse contains a large quantity of gas, and can be made available for lighting the works. From the inner portion is extracted, by pressing or distilliug, a spirit equal to the host brandy, also alcohol ; after distilling, a quantity of saccharine matter remains, from which sugar ' can be extracted. The present supply of grass-tree in the neighbourhood of St. Ronan's is computed to be equal to a supply of GOO tons per week for the next ten years. Great quantities of young grass-trees abound, which will keep the supply up, and doubtless cultivation would greatly enlarge tho roots. Mel-icntrnc Herald, Aetemtjs Ward Among the Fenians, There's two parties O'McMahonys and McO' Roberts. One thinks the best way is to go over to Oanady and establish an Irish republic there, kindly permittin' the Canadians to pay the expenses of that sweet boon ; and the other wants to sail direck for Dublin Bay, where young McRoy and his fair young bride weut down and was drowning accordin to a ballit I onct heard. But there's one pint on which both sides agree that's the funs. They're willin', them chaps in Now York, to receive all the funs you' 11 send 'em. You send a pubs to-night to O'Mahony, and another puss to Roberts. Both will receive 'em, Yon bet. And with other pusses it will be similar. I went into Mr. Del-monico's eatin' -house the other night, and saw my fren Mr. Torrance M'Fadden, who is a elokent and entorprisiu' deputy centre. He was sittin' at a table, eatin' a canvas-back duck. Poultry of that kind, as you know, is rather high just now. I think about five dollars per poult. And a bottle of green seal stood before him. "How are you, Mr. M'Fadden r" I said. "Oh, Mr. Ward! I am miserable miserable ! The wrongs we Irishmen suffer ! Oh Ireland ! Will a troo history of your sunonns ever be written ? Must we forever be ground under by the iron heel of despotic Britain P but, Mr. Ward, won t yon eat suthinr'' "Well," I said, "if there's another canvas-back and a spare bottle of that green seal in the house, ! wouldn't mind jinin' youinbein' ground under by Britam a iron heel." Strange Conduct of a Pheasant. A few weeks ago the attention of enginemeu and -guards on the Great North of Scotland Railway was .attracted to the conduct of a cock pheasant, which seemed determined to vie in speed with the trains. This bird, which generally made its appearance from a wood near the Rotmemay station, came with all possible Bpeed to the line on hearing a train. After waiting patiently till tho engine was fairly alongside, the pheasant then' started off and raced with great apparent determination till he was distanced by the locomotive, 'which generally occurred within four hundred, yards. As day after day passod in this way, the bird began to be looked for at every train, and seldom failed to enter the lists. He also seemed to get better acquainted with the trains, and commenced to avoid those with passengers, as being, it is supposed, too fast for his powers of speed, choosing rather to make his contest with the heavier goods. And, though it may appear incredulous, this pheasant has evidently got some knowledge of the dangers attending such freaks as his. One day last week ho was observed feeding in a field with two hens, and as soon as the train came in sight he made off towards the wood till he had started bis companions, and got them, so to speak, to a place of satety. Then he suddenly reversed his course, and made straight for the line, whore he got his usual run with the train. As may be supposed, the bird has made himself a favourite with the officials, who say that his rueful and disappointed looks when he is fairly beaten and left behind are of the most comical and ajorasing character. Dundee Mwtwr, T H E liEE DS THE CONGRESS. (From the Morning Fasti) We may now hope to see a Congress meet in Taris Eome time about the second week in Juno. The. "communications" to which Lord Clarendon referred in tho House of Lords have at any rate resulted in an acquiescence which has justified tho sending of formal invitations from England, Fiance, and Russia,, to Austria, PrusBia, the Germanic Diet, and Italy, to meet at Paris for the determination of tho difficulties which now agitato Europe. As soon as the favourable official replies shall have been received, we may conclude that from that time and during the sitting of the Congress a species of truce will be faithfully observed : so that, unless any untoward incident precipitate war during tho next few days, we may feel certain of tho adjournment of hostilities for at any rate some weeks. If the Congress meets, which now seems likely, wo believe it is not improbable that the Powers attending it will be represented by their respective Ministersof Foreign Affairs ; and if this supposition prove correct, M. Drouyn do Lhuys, Lord Clarendon, Prince Gortsohakoff, Count do Bismark, Count de Mensdorff, General de Lamarniora, and the Baron de Kubeck will assemble to endeavour to solve the knotty questions connootod with Yenetia, Schleswig-Holstein, and the Germanic Confederation. It would be too sanguine to conjecture that tho result of their deliberations will prove successful, but it is some rebef to find the great States making an appeal to reason before they appeal to arms. THE EUROPEAN CRISIS. The Monitmir du Boir of Thursday's date contained the following article : "The controversy in which the. German Cabinets aro engaged has not at all diminished in acerbity during the past weok. On the contrary, affairs have bocome more critical, and the motion made in the Diet on the 19th inst. seems to point to explanations at Frankfort which ctumot be without influence upon the course of events. The Federal Assembly has, in fact, to deal with a proposition the object of which is to appoal to Austria and Prussia, as well as to tho other members of tho Confederation' which have made military preparations oxceeding the usual standard of peace armaments, to declare the conditions upon which they arewilling to disarm. The resolution adopted a fortnight back, on the motion of Saxony, has been officially notified to the Cabinet of Berlin, whose reply is not yet known. The Gorman journals speak of a verbal communication which the Prussian Minister at Hamburg haB made to the Hansc Towns with tho view of ascertaining their inclinations. All tho German Governments have a deep seuso of the consequences of the disagreement between Austria and Pr ussia. For the lust ten years the principal Middlo States, and particularly Bavaria and Saxony, have endeavoured to arrive at a mutual arrangement, and, as much as possible, to bind themselves together, so as to allow them to act as thorr interests reouired. They have never been able to agree among themselves, but hitherto thoy have not had presented to their view eventualities so grave as thoBe which are now threatened, and under tho pressure of circumstances thoy appear on this occasion to have agreed upon apian of common action. The different Ministers for Foreign Affairs met in the first instance at Augsburg. Thoy assembled again last week at Bamberg, and their agreement is shown by the complete comformity of their language and of their proceedings in the Federal Assembly. This group, however, only comprises tho States of the South of Germany. Hanover and the other sovereignties of the North have taken no part in the meetings at Augsburg or at Bamberg.. Tho vote of the Hanoverian Plenipotentiary upon the Saxon motion induced a supposition that his Government was inclined to adopt the views of the Cabinets of South Germany ; but the policy of that country is subordinate to its geographical position, and while reserving the independence of its votes in the Diet, Hanover has, it is stated, engaged with Prussia to observe a strict neutrality in case of war. What will be the attitude of the other States if a conflict should - take place? Will they equally remain neutral, or will they with armed hands espouse tho cause of the belligerent to whose policy they most incline P Neutrality seoms to be intended by the Cabinet of Carlsruhe, but the principal Middle States as Saxony, Bavaria, and Wiirtemburg show themselves disposed eventually to ignore the policy of isolation. These questions remain Bubject to the attempt which is now being made by the Diet to bring the two Great Powers to specify the guarantees which they require to induce themtoaocept the principle of disarmament within a fixed period. As we were led to expect by the position taken at Frankfort by the representative of Holland, the Cabinet of the Hague considers that the present is the proper time to come-io an understanding with its confederates as to the position of Limburg. That province is not, like the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, an ancient Germanic possession, entirely separated from Holland by its political constitution. It is formed of a portion of the Netherlands territory which was re-attached to Germany in 1830 in order to supply the place of that part of Luxembourg which had been ceded to Belgium, and everything which haa a tendency either to involve her in Federal affairs, orto connect hormoro closely with Germany, has been long a subject of anxiety to Holland. The Dutch Plenipotentiary has consequently proposed to the Diet a motion the object of which is to obtain a repeal of the decision by virtue of which Limburg was introduced into the Germanic Confederation. Public opinion in Germany is daily evincing a more direct interest in the discussions of Cabinets, In general these manifestations are favourable to peace. The German Liberal party has declared in favour' of a Parliament being assemblod to which shall bo referred all tho pending questions. The coming elections in Prussia are looked forward to with most anxious interest, and it is expected that as regards the convocation of a German Parliament, the now Chamber will support the policy of the Government. By an Imperial decree dated May 13, the Cabinet of Vienna lays down the principles of maritime law upon which it intends to act. This document, adopting as a basis the declaration of the Congress of Paris of April 1G, 185(1, admits subject to the condition of reciprocity tho freedom from capture of enemy's merchant vessels and their cargoes, with tho exception of contraband of war. The Italian law upon tho mercantile marine contains an analogous provision, and enacts that a simple declaration made before war shall entitle a hostile Government to reciprocity. Prussia has not hesitated to adopt the. same doctrine, A Royal ordinance of May 1!) declares that, in tho cvoutof hostilities taking-place, merchant ships belonging to an enemy shall not bo liable to capture, provided a mutual concession is made by tho antagonistic Power, France, England, and Russia are anxiously engaged upon the task which they have undertaken to endeavour to prevent an armed conflict. In order to give to their propositions a usbful character, they have thought itnecessarv to indicate at once the questions to be submitted to tho Conference which they recommend. The aim of the three Cabinets is not to constitute themselves arbiters of tho differences on account of which Germany and Italy arc in arms, but simply to offer a certain basis for deliberations, mid to invito a discussion of the points which in their opinion, form the causes of collision. The Powers are at this moment arranging tho terms of a note whichthcy intend to forward to Vienna Berlin, Frankfort, and Florence, and there is reason to bolievo that they will shortly be in a position to dispatch this important communication to the Governments for which it is intended." The Gazette of Leipsio defends the Middlo German States against the repronches of the Prussian journals, which assert that these States intend to seek the support of France in case of war. In case of war, Prussia intends to convoke a German Parliament, to meet in Berlin, and to which will be admitted representatives from different Geirman States. The following telegraphic news is from the Post: The Crown Prince of Prussia has been offered the Regency during the war, but he has declined, saying that his place was with the army. As the Conservative party in Prussia is not making any move, in view of the general elections, it is inferred that the Government, reckoning upon a hostile majority, will avail itself of the Article of tho Constitution relating to a state of war, and suspend certain parts of the fundamental law. A communication from Berlin points out the illegality of the royal ordonnance concerning the institution of establishments for the emission of bank-notes and granting loans to the amount of twenty-five millions of thalcrs. Such a financial measure implying the guarantee of the State could only be decreed by a law passed regularly in the Chambers. The Egyptian Succession. The Levant Herald of the 16th says; "It is now understood that the principal object of the Viceroy's visit to Constantinople is to obtain the sanction of the Porte to a change in the order of the viceregal succession in favour of his son. As established bythetreatv of 1841,.the Egyptian succession follows the same kanoim Taw which regulates that to tho Imperial -throne, and by this passes to the eldest surviving male descendant of Mehemet Ali Pasha, instead of to the direct personal heir of the Viceroy for the time being. In accordance with this settlement Mustapha Fayzl Pasha, the brother of Ismail Pasha, is tho next heir, and after him comes, wo believe, his uncle Halim Pasha. His Highness offers, it is said, to double the present tribute of 80,000 purses, and tenders Porte rumour adds a further sum down, which would go far to pay the coming July dividends. Our information is that both his Majesty and a majority of the Divan are favourable to the change, which would of course establish a precedent of possible application elsewhere than in Egypt. As the consent, however, of the other Powers who are equally parties to the settlement of 1S41 is necessary to give effect to that of the Porte, it would be premature to discuss the arguments for and against the change till some expression of their views on the subject has been given." The New Hospodae, There is something rather startling, especially at such a moment ub the present, in tho spectacle of a young lieutenant of Dragoons coolly setting at nought, the decision of a Conference, and helping himself to a principality in defiance of the express declarations of tho great Powers. No sooner has the Conference of Paris passed a resolution that no one but a native shall succeed to the throne of Prince Couza than the irrepressible sous-ojlicier suddenly turns up in the Principalities, discloses himself to an astonished sentry as Prince Charles of Hohenzollein, and graciously takes the people under his protection. The enterprise is highly dramatic, and by no means so absurd as it may seem at first sight. The proverb that no man is a prophet in his own country is strongly exemplified in Roumania, People there believe in neithor princes nor prophets of native growth ; they insist upon having an imported sovereign, and resent ns an insult the idea that any Roumanian is good enough to rule over them. This preference for a foreigner, added to dislike of the dictation of foreign Powers, has created apparently a very decided local feeling in favour of Prince Charles ; and it is quite possible that, with the people at his back, he may secure the crown in spite of the diplomatists. How long he will keep it is, of course, another question. Besides, the i Almanaek tie Golha tells us more about the young fellow than that he is a subaltern in the Prussian cavalry. He is related to the Royal family of Prussia, and, as the nephew of the Marquis Pepoli (grandson of Murat), has a connection both with Italv and France. Is he acting on his own responsibility, or is he only the puppet pulled by powerful intriguers f Time will show, but m the meanwhile Prince Charles has added another awkward knot to the complication of Continental ytMm.-l'ttll Matt Gmite, ME'K C'URY. imnortnd in the week ending May 23rd, 560,000 : exported 351,000. Prince Alfred. Prince Alfred is gazetted Earl of Ulster, Earl of Kent, and Duke of Edinburgh, As tho desertions from the Pontifical army become more and more numerous, the Minister for War, General Kamder, has, in concert with General de Monte-bello, issued an order of the day forbidding Pontifical soldiers to go out of the gates of the town without a special permission from the commandant of tho garriBon. In the Court of Chancery yesterday morning, various petitions for tho winding up of Overend, Gurney, niKfaCo., were postponed for tho present, on the ground that there was a prospect af a moro satisfactory settlement than by winding up in Chancery. Lancashire and Cheshhhe Association op Baphsts The Lancashire and CheBhiro Association of Baptist Churchos is holding its annual gathering at Oldham, under tho presidency of the Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown of Liverpool. A statistical statement presented showed that during the year there had been an increase of 679 members, and a decrease of 5Ga. Thero was thus a clear increase of 14 ; but from two churches 20 and .)3 had gone to form now churches. Of the 50 churches m tho association, fivo remained unchanged in the number of members, 17 had suffered the loss of 219, and 28 had gained 233. That was an average gain to each church of less that one-third tho members of .the church. The Sunday schools had lost 407 scholars during the year. There had been an increase of 724 scholars in 20 churches, and a decrease of 1,131 in 23 churches. General Assembly of the Cmmon of Soot-iamd On Thursday, the General Assombly of the Church of Scotland commenced its annual sittings in Edinburgh. The (lay being observed as a general holiday, m celebration of the Queen's birthday, in obedience tc the recommendation of the magistrates, the principal streets were more than usually crowded early in the forenoon with people dressed in holiday attire, eager to witness the usual procession accompanying the Lord High Commissioner on his way from Holyrood Palace to tho opening of the Assembly. The weather was oxtromely favourable, the day being warm and sunny, As the Queen's birthday was observed on the same dayinLeith, Portobello, and Musselburgh, the crowds of pleasure-Beekera on the High-street and other streets along the line of route from Holyrood to St. Giles's Church rapidly increased till noon ; and the procession, though it contained no features of novelty, attracted perhaps a larger number of spectators on Thursday than it has done for many years past. As usual, Lord Belhaven and Stonton, K.T., Her Majesty's Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland, held a levee in the Picture Gallery of Holyrood Palace, immediately previous to the opening of the General Assembly. Scotsman. A Dkuhken Escort. A corporal of the 14th Foot and a private, who were sent on Friday from Sheffield to Walton Goal (Liverpool), in order to escort a deserter back to Sheffield, were brought before the local magistrates yesterday. It appeared that the deserter and his escort, after leaving Walter, got so intoxicated that when they arrived at Lime-street Station to take the train to Sheffield they were utterly helpless, and had to be carried to Bridewell. The magistrates ordered the detention of the deserter until the arrival of another escort, and the corporal and private were handed over to a Eergeant. Amounaments of Mrtha are subject to a cliaroe of 'Is. Si. each, and must also le properly authenticated. The words " No Oards," or any addition to the simple announcement of a Marriage or Death, subject to payment as for an advertisement. All Iffitices of Marriages or Deaths sent from a distance must be authenticated Ity the. signature of one of our Agents, or lu that of a known correspondent : those left at the office, by ihe sender. CiiAiiLKSWonTn. May 21th, at Sfackhonae, near Settle, thn wife of C. H. Chaileeworth, Esq., of twin tons. F 3029 d Plarrfrgtjs. ADKms PiraNTiCE, May 21st, at Dalton Holmo, by the ReT. T. V. Simmons, Mr. Geo . Adkins, to Hannah, daughter of the late Mr. Wm. Prentice, ofColton. AtkinsonHartley. May 10th, at our pariah church, by the Rev. J. Hays, Mr. Samuel Atkinson, slubber, Armlcy, to Enza Jane, daughter of Mr. Jas. Hartley, of New Wortloy. Baldwin Tuhneh. May 22nd, at St. Qeoreo's church, Leeds, Mr. J. H. Baldwin, to Miss M. A. Turner, both of Leeds. Barker GnovEB. May 23rd, at theMethodiet New Connexion chapel, York, by the Rev. T. Close, Mr. William Barker, currier, Otley, to Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Mr. Qeorge Groves, builder, York. BiiAiin.KY YonxE. May 28rfl, at St, John's church, Leeds, by the Rev. J. G. Metcalfe. Win. Sturdy Bramley, M.U., son of the late Thos. Bramley, Esq., Wakefield, formerly of Leeds, to Elizabeth S. Yorke, of Leeds. Buttekfteld EIJ.TS. May 19th, at the parish church, Methley, by the Rev. Mr. Armitago, George, Becond 6on of Mr. Robert Buttor-lield, to Elizabeth, second daughter of Mr. Joseph Ellis, Fox Holes terrace, Methley. CmrrnASK SntETCn. May 22nd, at St, Luko's church, Chelsea, liy the Rev, D. Pirkis, Mr. Robt. Chipchase, of Fornley, near Otley, to Miss Rosa Elizabeth Stretch, of Chelsea. Chossley Thomas. May 10th, at the New church, Sq.uaro.road, Halifax, by the Rev. B. Bond, Mr. Mark Crosaley, overlooker, to Mies Ellen Thomas, both ot Midgley. Dicbkkson Baiitie. May 21st, at St. John's church, Holbock, by tho Rev. N. H. Sumner, Mr. Wm . Dickenson, fitter, to Miss Caroline Battle, both of Holbeci. Henderson Hutton. May 21st, at St. George's church, Leeds, by the Bev. A. Hardy, Mr. George Henderson, to Hannah, oldest daughter of Mr. Chas. Hutton, all of Leeds, Hesketit Firth. May 21st, at our parish church, by the Rev. J. Hays, Mr. John Hcskcth, bleacher, Halliwcll, near Bolton, to Jane, daughter of the late Mr. Abraham Firth, cloth manufacturer, of Worloy. Hudson Hey. May 21th, at the church of ,3fc. Olave, York, by the Rov. Robert IU.y, prebendary of Lichlield, assisted by the Rev. Pnmuol Hoy, rector of Sawley, Derbyshire, Henry Arthur, third son of the late Yvm. Hudson, Esq., OaseclifFe, York, to Edith, second daughter of the Rev. William Hoy, canon residentiary of York. Jowett Fknton. May 20th, at our parish church, Mr. Jolrn Jowett, tea dealer, to Miss E. S. Eentou, both of Leeds. Lancaster HAROK15AVEB. May 19th, at St. John's church, Holbeck, by the Rev. N. H. Sumner, Mr. Thomas Lancaster, to Miss Horfe'reavos, both of Holbeck. MarsijUN Wilson. May 21st, at tho church of St. Olave, York, by the Rev. P. A. Bartlett, Mr. Wm. Marsden, manufacturer, Huddors-lield, to Mary Mace, daughter of tho late Mr. A. Wilson, inland revenue officer, York. Mu,ner Precious. May 20th, at St. John's church, Leeds, by the Rc-v. J. G. Metcalfe, Mr. Wm. Milner, farmer, Selby, to Miss Jane Precious, of Leeds. Nicholson Downs. May 21st, at our parish church, by the Kev. J. Hays, Mr. Geo. Nicholson, file cutter, to Jano Elixa, eldest daughter of Mr. Geo. Downs, machine malior, all ef Leeus. Bam Inciuquin. May 23rd, nt All Saints' church, Ennismore-placc, by the Lord Bishop of London, the Rov. George Stopford Bum, M.A., to the Hon, Charlotte Ann, second daughter of Lord Inchiguin. Riley Greenwood. Mny 21st, at Harrison-road chapel, Halifax, by the Rov. J. C. Gray, Mr. George Riley, lithographic printer, to Miss Grace Greenwood, both of Halifax. Booers Witts. May 21st, at St. Michael's church, Buslingthorpe, by the Rev, W. Knnggs, Mr. John Rogers, tobacconist, London, to Eliza Jane, youngest daughter of Mr. Jacob Witts, of Leeds. Scott Bellhouse. Hay 29th, at St. Matthew's ohureh, Holbeck, by tho ltev. J. H, F. Kendall, Oliver, second son of Mr. Joseph Scott, of Thorncr, to Ellen, youngest daughter of Mr. John Bell-lioiise. Strickland Nevile; May 22nd, at Thovney, Notts, by the Rov, J Bigland, vicar, Charles Wm. Strickland, Esq., of Whitby Abbey, uldcst son of Sir George Strickland Chomlcy, Bart., of Boynton and Howeham, Yorkshire, to Anne Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the Bev. Christopher Nevile, of Thoraey. WAi.snAW-WALHiiR.-May 21st, at St. Stephen's church, Burman-tofts Leeds, by the Rev. A. A. Edwnrds, Mr. Thomas walshaw, of Low laitlios, Wakeiield, to Susan, youngest daughter of Mr. K, Walker, compoBitor, Leeds. Wenoir Siiira. May 21st, at St. John's church, Leeds, by the Rev. L. N. Jones, Mr. Geo. Wengor, furrier, to Miss Jano Smith, both of Leeds. Woollaii Hall. May 10th, at the Cathedral, Manchester, by tho Bev. J. Troutbeck, Robert, youngest son of Mr. Nathaniel Woollam, to Lncy, eldest daughter of Mr. Chas. Hall, both of Manchester. Barker. May 24th, aged 05, Sarah, relict of Mr. Robort Barkor, , tanner, Otley, BAiiKim May 21st, aged 79, Mr. Josepl Barker, gardener, Carr-Iane, DoDCasler. Benson. May 1Mb, aged 2, John William, son of Mr. Wm. Benson, Wellington-lane, Leeds. . . Braim. May 2,Trd, aged 41, Martha, wile of Mr. Benjamin Braun, tailor, Hunfilet. Oihrlesworth. May 24th, aged 84, Sarah, relict of Mr. John Cbarleaworth, of Poutefracfc. Cloak. May 22nd, ogod 54, Mr. John Olook, copper-plate printer, York. , ,. . CORLEV.-May 17th, at Colton, near Tadcaster, aged 8,1, Ann, relict of Mr, Wm. Copley, and daughter of tho late Wm. Wormley, isq., Riccofl Hall, Yorkshire. CitOFTS.-Mny' 25th, aged 71, the Rev. Josiah Orofts, roctorof St. Saviour's, York. CuDWOnra.-Mayl8tb, at Oonisoro', Ann, relict of Mr. Oudwortli, coin factor. . FAHRAR.-Moy 22nd, Mary, relict of Mr. Wm. Farrar, of New York, Bramley. . Fell. May 20th, aged 3i5, Mr. Christopher Foil, spirit merchant, Bishop Auckland. Firtit. May 17th, aged 31, Mr. Benjamin Firth, grocer, Armlcy, near Leeds. GrLUKKTSOH. Mny 21st, aged 72, George Gilbcrtson, Esq., Cheetnam, Manchester. GOTTBcnAi.CK.-May 21st, at Hamburg, Adolphe.Gottsahalclr, Jisq., lato of Manchester. Greaves. May 18th, aged 60, Mr. Thomas Greaves, late file manufacturer, HuDslet, m , Harper. May 23rd, aged 58, Mi'. Wm. Harder, horse dealer, Walm-gato, York. Harrison. May 23rd. at High Jerveanx, Bedalo, aged 2.), Henry, elder son of tho Into Richard Harrison, Esq., of Woodlesford House, near Leeds. HoRROCits. May 21st, at Eibblosdale-place, Preston, aged 04, John Horrocks, Esq. JoiiNPON.-May24th, in his 80th year, Mr. Samuel Johnson, stone merchant, Bardsey. In life ho was respected, and his death is lamented by a large circle of friends. lata Kay. May 23rd, ased 17, Eleanor, daughter of the tete Mr J. Kay, of Sheffield, and sister of Mr. John P. Kay, of Flat Field Hills, nearHowden. . LoNOnOTTOJl.-May 21th, aged 09, Hannah, relict of Mr. Joseph Longbottom, contractor and colliery proprietor, of Beeaton Hill, Manneiung. May 22nd, aged 61, Mr. Henry Mannering, of Acomb, Maynahd.-Mcj 25tb, at Harowood, aged 39, Charles Septimus Waynard, Esq. Mini. -May 22nd, aged 50, Jane, relict of Mr, Geo. Miller, Cutlers' Anns, Atteiolitl'e, near Shoflleld. Oakes. May 23rd, aged 74, Mary, relict of Mr. Geo. Oakes, builder, Parkin May 23rd, aged 58, Sarah, wife of Mr. Wm. Parkin, farmer, Scacroft, near Leeds. RiciiARDSON.-Moy 21st. Jonc, wife of Mr. Wm. Richardson, of tie lirm of Williuin Richardson ,and Son, leather manufacturers, Leeds, Rogerson, -May 21st, aged 75, Mary, Bistcrof the late John Rogerson, Esq., of Doncaster. SciianELD.-May 22nd, aged 82, Mary, relict of Mr. Miles Schoheld, of Btalybridgo, . Servant. May 25nd, nt PotternewtOD, aged 77, Sarah, relict of Mr. Thos. Servant, of Leeds, Simisteh May '22nd, Edgbaaton Marin, relict ol James Simistcr, Esq., Manchester. Slum. May Mth, at Harrogate, Frederick Mason, infant son of Mr- F.-Smith, 17, Briggate, Leeds. Simpson. May 21st, at Stamford, 6ged;50, Sophia, relict of Francis Simpson, Esq. ... , , . ,, Soredy. May 18th, nt Doncaster, Frances, daughter of lato Mr. Richard Sorsby, and niece of the late Rev. J. Sorsby, vicar of Spray. May 23rd. Hannah, wife of Mr. J. Spray, M.A. Iends will kindly accept this intimation.) ti a Steward. May 14th, at St. Brelade's, Jersey, aged 03, the Rev. Geo. Steward, late of Newcostle-on-Tyne. STOTT.-Mny 16th, ntWoodltsford, aged 74, James Stott, .. late of LeedB. . 20 a SwAEY.-Moy 22nd, aged 37, Mi. Thos. Swaby, fishmonger, York. TESSEYMAN.-Moy 21st, aged 70, Mr. John Teesoyman, tea dealer, Castlegate, York. Truelove. May 18th, aged 18, Mr. John Truelove, Butcher, Marsh. gate, Doncaster. . Wathinb. May 22nd, aged 85, Mr. Thomas Watiins, formerly grocer and draper, Doncaster. - Wells. May 18th, aged 02, Ruth, wife of Mr. John Wells, botcher, Goodramgate, York. Winter. -May 22nd, atBowdcn, need J5, Hflnnob, dAttjMer of Ur, Robert Winta, Fifth Edition, price 2s. Gd., per post 2s. 8d. DE HUNTER'S LETTERS on DISEASES of the THROAT, LARYNX, and LUNGS ; their NATOR13, CAHRFS aiid CURE: with Preface to tho First Edition, by, roils TaVfr MArflnrnoii M.D., M.R.O.S.E., and Introduction to Fifth MtionKlv MilLvn',,,,JUJ.. and a Statement of English CSt''i' ON CHRONIC BRONCHITIS. (Continued from May 19.) Lastly tho mucous membrane lining tho bronchial tubes is liable to , . withnii. often ecri'to;u' matter resembling thejMM "SSrafcrHn SSfSife when thelungs are the scat of tijMe &. none bnt the pliys o m who enrefn breaking doum of the mbsttmee "f tlie tunas and thejoimation of a tnhtiiciiioitK awiln '! . . Let us now nass to tho consideration of treatment. If you havo read carefully what I have sa A on the seatof bronohitis, vis., that it is withi,, tho Hmgfl, you will 'l'll" fJZ inadequate for its cure must bo any remedy winch does n)t pi noti ite the lunge os deeply as the disease itself. onsot ' silver to the throat ore utterly useless, since they do not reach tho fountain of tho evil. Many physicians erroneously ascribe the bronchial disease to the affection of the throat, and straightway you submit to the cruel torture of having caustic applied "every second or third day to your throat." If the unnecessary sullormg you thus undergo was tho only evil consequence which sprung from it, it would be of loss importance, but the dbcuse within your lungs is all this time i gaming a firmer hold, the mucous membrane is becoming ttuckaial anil the smaller bronchial tubes dosid up: These obstructions go on ineroaslu; until sufficient air cannot bo drawn through the air-tubes to produce the eliango in tho blood from mnous to arterial. It is the object ot respiration to change the blood from a darn to a Origin reel minur. This change is produced in tho lungs by the air we breathe, nnd cannot occur unlets that is received in sufficient quantity. When considerable obstructions exist in the bronchial tubes, the mrhnn which constitute! the impurity of the blood is not wholly removed, but a part is retained nnd sent again through the system, impeding the circulation, irritating the brain and nervous system, and deranging digestion. Under this condition of tho blood, tubercles are deposited m the lungs. Thore is no warning given of tho foorful cbango wliich is taking place. Without paiD, without cough, without expectoration, the seed of . this most insidious and mortal disease is sown, and soon brings forth its fruit in the melancholy changes which mark the progress of consumption. Thus censamptioa arises as a conseqttenca of net-lectiug or maltreating bronchitis, By placing reliance on applications to the throat or palliatives through -the stomach. It is a grand desideratum in the treatment of all diseases to get the remedy to the organ or part affected. We use washes, injections, blisters, purgatives, and so forth, on this principle. In pulmonary diseases the same rule holds good ; buthoiv are we to apply it? We cannot use solids or iluids, for this is an mr amitu. No; but by Inhalation, wo can reach, lluirmtritdu and nuturalln, all diseases situated within tho air-tubes and cells of the lungs. What, then, iB Inhalation H Tho word itself merely means tho act of inspiring or drawing in a breath. In medical parlance it moansa mode of administering medicines by breathing them. 'Thus we say, "1 inhale a medicine," as wo would say " I take a medicine;" the difference being simply that one is inhalai or breathed while the other is swallowed. ' I am thus explicit in order to show that all medicines inhaled into the lungs are not alike any more than all medicines taken into the stomach ; and hence, that the benefits to be derived from inhalations must depend upon the experience and skill of the physician who prescribes them. I should have deemed this explanation unnecessary but for tho fact that many who write to me regarding the treatment appear to have got the erroneous idea that " inhalation," instead of being a mode of practice or adrninistration of remedies, is simply somojiMitfe remedy, alike applicable to the most opposite forms of uulmonary disease. To make it Biich would bo to degrade it to tho base level of quackery. It can never be honestly employed without a full knowledge of all the symptoms and peculiarities of each cose, and the adaptation of tho romedieB accordingly. Tho first object of treatment is to cleanse tho air-tubes of tho lungs by exuectorontlnholations. Having attainod this object, wenoxtseek to allay tho irritation on which tho secretion depends to soothe and heal the inflamed surface. Tho manner of administrating medicines by inhalations, in Bronchitis, is as follows : Tho inhaling instrument, which is made of glass, and holds about a pint of fluid, is half tilled with cold, hot, or worm water, according to tho nature of the case. The medicines preparedforadosooro then added, and the patient directed to inhale gently, but deeply into the lungs ; being careful to expand the chest well, without straining or violonce. The fluid being medicated thoroughly impregnates the air with it properties. Each inhalation is continued for live, ten, or fifteon minutes, asmayhonocessary, and taken tliree times n day, before meals, or twice a day, on rising and retiring. In this manner every effect that can be produced by medicino is obtained in the lungs, and with a degree of certainty un-aitained by any other method of treatment. ON PULMONARY CONSUMPTION. In my last letter I concluded my observations on the diseases of the 7IOM, throat, and bronchial lubes, and I now come to speak of pal-iMMiry consumption, that dreud malady in which those affections, when neglected, invariably eji. Consumption is the most fatal disease in the long catalogue of bodily ofllictions, arid hence appeals more strongly than any other to tliephysi-cinn for help. In this and indeed in all countries lying within the temperate zone, it causes one death in every four which result from disease ! The deep interest and great importance of everything which promises to mitigate the ravages of this scourge cannot, therefore, he over-estimated. The weekly bills of mortality point us to the startling fact, that of those who nave passed the age of puberty fully one in every four persons we meet iu tho groat thoroughfares of business and pleasure is under the ban of this terrible disease, nnd destined to fall a sacrifice to it, unless saved through the prompt adoption of more rational means than those usually employed. No man, ho ivever strong of constitution, is proof against its silent and treacherous approaches. In this and subsequent letters I shall endeavoiur to explain those points on which it is necessary for tho public to be informed regarding the nature of this disease the causes which produce it the symptoms by which its approach may bo known the several stages and forms it assumes the ages, classes, and ctdlinns most predisposed to it and, lastly, thoso principles of practice which, if adopted in time and faithfully employed, will lead to its prevention when not yet established, and to its successful treatment when it is. To do justice to a subject of 6iich wide range and vast importance will necessarily embrace many letters ; but tho reader will have in the complete series ft practical his-tory of thia scourge, to which he can in the future confidently refer for guidance and instruction. Consumption in caused by tubercles in the lungs. For a long time this term Consumption was upptied indiscriminataly to all diseases of an obscure nature attended by wasting or emaciation of the body. They were called consumption because the body slowly consumed away. When the study of pathological anatomy that is to say. the condition of the organs in disease became moro general it was soon found that disease of the lungs was more frequently the cause of toasting than nil other chronic affections combined, and, in course of time, the term consumption became limited to pulmonary disease alone. When, therefore, 1 use the term I wish the reader to remember that I mean not only a disease of the lungs, but a particular kind of disease, characterised by the deposition of tubercles in their substance. Tubercles are little granular bodies deposited from the blood. They are most frequently located beneath the mucous membrane of the air-tubes, but they are also deposited in the air-colls and on the free sur-faco of the mucous membrane. 'When they are formed on the mucous membrane of tho air-tabes, it is not uncommon for small particles to become detached, and? expectorated by the patient, long before any ulceration has taken place in the lung. Tnbercles are found in three different stages. In the first, they are greyish, half-transparent, and feel lirm and rough when the ringer is passed over them. Thoy vary in size from millet seed, to a common pea, and are known in medical parlance by the name of miliary tuber-dm. In this stage they cause very tittle disturbance to the system. All we usually find is, that the breathing is slightly shortened, and perhaps thero is a disposition to hack and clear tho throat frequently ; but beyond these indications the patient has no warning of what is taking plnce in tho lungs. Second Stage The miliary tubercles increase in size by the accretion of fresh particles, thrown off from time to time by tho blood, and also undergo a change in colour. Thoy were in the first stage half transparent; they are now opaque, and becoming yellow. If we cut through a portion of lung in which tubercles in the second stage exist, wo find it studded here and there with what looks precisely likelumps of cheese. You can separate these, and the break down botween the lingers just like bits of old cheese. In size, tubercles in the mono! stage- vary from a pea to u iilbort, but it is also common to lind here and there a tubercle of much larger Bize. If thero are a great many tubercles, there will bo a good deal of shortness of limdh and some loss nfjlesh. Tubercles cause BhortneES of breath by closing tho air-tubes and cells of the part of the lung in which they aro situated. There may also bo cough and iitmMMs expectoration, arising from tho irritation they produce. Third Stage. Having Treached the stogeof cheesy tubercle, thedis-ease may remain stationary for weeks, months, or even years, awaiting a sufficient exciting cause to carry it on to the Inst change. Sooner or later, the pressu re produced by tho tuberculous matter, or afresh cold produces inflammation in the surrou iiding tissues, and the whole breaks down, forming nn ulcerous excaiiation or eavily in the part of the lung diseased. Tho matter or jiiis, formed by the destruction of the walls of the oir-tubes nnd cells and by the softened tubercle, is poured out into the bronchial tubes, coughed up nnd expectorated. As all the tubercles arc not formed at tho same time, but in successive crops, so softening does not take place in all at tho same time. After the first shock to the system, caused by the nlceration and breaking down of a part of the lung, has passed, considerable improvement takes place in the symptoms, and tho patient naturally thinks he is getting well, butsoon n second crop of tubercles softens, and another part of tho lung breaks down. This successive softening, followed by temporary amendment, Blowly but surely undermines the patient's strength. As soon as the iiist softening of tubercles takes place we have all the worst symptoms inaugurated hcetiefever, nighlsieeats, increase of cough, profuse purulent expectoration, loss of tlcsh and strength. Such is a brief outline of what takes place in the lungs in the three stages of consumption. Before death supervenes, a. considerable portion of one lung becomes destroyed, and usually tho other affected. Sometimes soverol distinct cavities are formed in the same lung, but it is more common for the intervening tissue to become obliterated, nnd the several small cavities to unite and form one large excavation, I havo told you that consumptions produced by ttibcrcles. Now what is tho cause of tubercles r It is necessary that this question should boanswered before you can clearly understand how it is that other and apparently trifling diseases can produce this foartul malady. In former Letters I pointed out tho danger of neglecting Catarrh," " Sore Throat," nnd " Bronchitis," and told you that these are tho common causes of consumption : it would have been more correct to have said that they arc tho cause of tubercles, and end in consumption. Tubercles result from imperfect decartianizatmn oftlie bteoa. Whatever prevents the free admission of pure air to the air-cells mli produce them. Softened tubercle is nothing moro than carbon united with the elements of tho tissues in which it was deposited. Mark, now, tho effect of a catarrh in its influence on the lungs. I have told you that catarrh is achromc inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the note. The secretion which forms in tho posterior nares falls down into the throat, and rapidly extends the irritation to the entrance ot the windpipe. When onCe it has reached this point, every slight change in the weather, every exposure to dust, increases the irritation and carries it onward into the larynx, producing slight hoarseness, and into tho bronchial tubes, causing the secretion of a sticky, blmsh-wbite mucus. You see then that a catarrh produces tho irritation on which this mucus depends. Tho windpipe and bronchia in which it forms are the ! through which the Inngsirecoivo the air necessary for the removal of the carbon from the blood. Do you suppose you can obstruct tlioso tubes and yet not (it'wii)tii tho air drawn through them at each inspiration i This sticky mucus not only obstructs them, but often completely seals up a bronchial tubo of considerable size. And if you diminish tho air received into the nir-cells you cause a portion of the carbon to remain in the blood. The moment tho air is shut off from a cluster of air-cells the capillaries of thoso colls become gorged with imperfectly decarbonised blood, and ore liable to become tuberculous. Kind nature iB indulgent, and mny bear with us for a long timo, but sooner or later a deposit of carbon tokos place in the obstructed part, and from that moment the disease has changed from a simple catarrh or bronchitis to the most fatal disease known to our race. It is the obstruction of the air-tubes by mucus which causes the formation of tubercles, and hence it is, that until tubercles are actually formed the patient has no worning of his danger, beyond the presence of the sticky mucuB which ho hawks up from time to time. ON THE SYMPTOMS OF CONSUMPTION. I now eome to sneak of tho symptoms which indicate that the lungs have become " affected" that is to say, that tnbercla are deposited. It is no unusual thing to hear designated as "a mere ; mm" or a slight bronchial affection," symptoms which should excite the greatest anxiety, as indicatinathe commencement of tubercular deposition. When the physician prescribes onyttiing by the stomach to allay such svnintomshoonly masks the danger, and gives temporary rebef, while the disease itself progresses in the longs nnd becomes more firmly seated. ThoimaiidB in this way mislead themselves, until the ravages made by the disease render self-deception no longer possible. Instead of the promised return to health, the poor invalid finds all his symptoms steadily growing worse, and becomes importunate for relief. He rinds that tho least exertion increases his shortness of breath, and that he I' slowly, but surely, losing flesh. To quiet his fears, ho is now advised to "Wsit if countm," to "lake a sea nonage," orto " go to a warm climate for a season." If it bo spriny, . ho is told he will get well so soon as he can enjoy the "pure braciny an of the, country;" and if it be wirid'r, that ho must be patient and wait for the "ensuing spring." But alas ! for those who put faith in these delusive promises. Too many leam when too lato that the "amntry " referred to lies beyond tho grave, and the "spring" isa season which "cometh not until life's fitful fever is over." Permit mo, then, by a simple narrative of tho signs by which consumption maybe known in its early stages to point out tho danger while there is yet strength enough in the system to throw oil' the disease, and under proper treatment to restore health. If the invalid waits for "purulent expectoration," " hectic fever," and " night sweats," he waits for tjie arrival of the third stage, and I need not tell him that when disease, is far advanced cure is always difficult and the result uncertain. If, on the other hand, he is treated in the early stage, while the system is yet strong, and the lungs not broken down, ho may look forward to cure, under proper treatment, almost with certainty. Ono of the earliest Bigns of consumption is cough. For a considerable time this is so slight as to be entirely overlooked by the patient, and may scarcely be noticed by his nearest relatives, it being in reality little moro than an occasional dry hack. It is most commonly observed in the morning, on first getting out of bed, but it may also occur during the day&itar meals, and after walking or conversing. Some weeks or months later, varying with the progress of the diseose, tho morning cough is attended by the expectoration of a clear fluid, likesalivn, and generally frothy. After a time little points of pale yellow or grayish yellow matter make their appearance in the frothy mucus, and as tho disease advances this increases until italrnost takes the place of the clear mucus. There is no uniformity in tho amount expeotorated in this disease. Occasionally, tho quantity, is very small, even where thero is extensive diseasoof the lungs; while, on the other hand, it may bo pro fuse, steadily increasing from thecoin-rnencement, until in tho lost stage half a pint or moro m twenty-four hours. In many advanced cases, tho sputa looks like I iltlc balls of cotton or wool, and in others is of a greenish yellow colour. Now, whenaoVj hacking cough steals upon a person m apparent health, and without tho occurrence of a cold, it should JJways excite apprehension, and lead to an immediate examination of too lungs, it may possibly prove unimportant, for dm cough doos not always end in comumption ; but it is suspicious, and no man who values health will disregard its warning. When consumption SpUows chrome bmnrtotis, the expectoration is, in the early stage, a blmsh-colmired sticky -mucus, or phlegm, mixed with moro or less of frothy saliva. (To bo con tinned.) ROBERT HUNTER, M.D. 14. TJpnciSeyincuHrtrect, Portman-Bquare, London, May, 1860. Kingdom; or directby post 2s. M. fro 'ttopnBtataJ. uviu urei-u, ---- f. Red Lfon-cotut. Fleet-etieet, London, David Green, Boar-fane, i-eeus ' Q410 d SATURDAY, MAY 26, 1866. Yesterday, the Bishop of Lincoln consecrated anew cemetery at Burton-on-Trent. Ilkley Hospital, May 25. Patients discharged 15, admitted IS, In the hospital, men il, women 30 ; total 71. Tub Late Mb. John Gibson, R.A. Tho will, with three codicils, of John Gibson, R.A., sculptor, lato o 144, Via del Bahuino, in the city of Eome, formerlyof Liverpool, wils proved in London, on the 3rd inst., under 40,000 nensomdty in England. The appointment of executors rung thus : Sir Charles Lock Entlake, liobcrt ITardwick, amT William Boxall.asmy general executors ; and Messrs, Penry Williams, painter, and Benjamin Spence, sculptor, both n Eome, as executors of my effects in Rome. The will is dated May 2, 1855, and the first codicil March 22, 18&5 ; these arc translated from the Italian language. The second and third codicils ore in English, and are both dated Jan. 10, 1 8(10, bcinp a f ew days heforc his death, which event took place at. Eome on Jan. '27, and at the age of 76. To these documents he has attached his mark ; they are in the handwriting of Joseph Severn, H. B. M. Consul at Rome, nnd contain a fewpiivate legacies. By the will he has bequeathed to his executor, 1 Williams, .500 ; to W. Theed, sculptor, London, 400; to his cousin, Benjamin Gibson, .200; Thomas Dessoulary, o Rome", painter, 100; Giuseppe Incoronati, Wimpole-street, master of theltalian language, .100 ; to each of his general executors, 100 ; to his executor, Benjamin Spence, all his printed books and engravings ; to his brother, Solomon Gibson, of Liverpool,, sculptor, an annuity of 100; and there are a few other: legacies, all to be paid free of duty. To the Roya) Academy lie heo.ueaths the sum of 30,000 and aJl his works iu marble in his studio, and all his composition works, plaster casts, and models, to bo used for tho devo-. lopment and advancement of the study of drawing and modelling, and for public exhibition ; and to the council of the Royal' Academy he bequeaths the residue of his property, to be applied by them to tho like purposes. Illustrated News. SILVER TEA POT! 28, Woodhouse-lane, Leeds. Present prices for net cash : per lb. Tho Eovnl Mixture, as used at Court, by the Queen 3s. d- Finest Congou imported .... 3s. Od. I Fine Pekoe Souchong . . 2s. od. Finest Ping Suey Gunpowder 4s. Sd. I Stems breakfast Conaou. ii. Od. JOHN MOORE, from Twinings. P 0984 c T7UEST-CLASS TEAS, at Moderate Prices, at JL1 H. THOENE'S Family Tea Warehoui 6, Woodhouse-lane. Established 1831. F7028C H OICE FLOWER S iSUU a, s' MAT'S fMler.Hnn of HARDY ANNUALS FLOWS Produce a SHOW of FLOWERS all through SUMMER, Is., 2s. 6d., and 5s. each. Seed Warehouse, ISO, Wade-lane, Leeds. B 22373 c LLEETON MAIN COAL WHARb', Leeds Bridge-end. Best House Cool 10s. per ton. Second do. 9s. 2d. per ton. Orders received and promptly uttended to. THOMAS HOWARD. F 9180 Q ALL kinds of Tubs and Casks Made and repaired, and Hoops put on, at WHITELEY'S. Sidney-street, Vicar-lone, Leeds. Innkeepers supplied with Rum and Wine Casks. F 9972 c EASTON, Horse Dealer, North-street, Leeds, has continually on hand well-broke Harness Horses, donble and single ; also Hacks, Ladies' Bads, and Children's Ponies. Horses broke with care and attention on reasonable terms. F 9987 c SADDLE HOESES, Close and Open Carriages, Waggonette, &c, for Pic-nic Parties, can bo had at the shortest notice, and on reasonable terms, from JOSEPH HIG9INS, Mssbre' Anns, Cliapeltown. 0 9575 c FOE HIEE, at HARRISON'S Livery and Bait STABLES, bottom of Lowerhead-roiv, Leeds, Ladies and Gentlemen's Hacks, Post Horses, 'Bases, open and closed Carriages, Landaus, Waggonettes, Drags, Dog-earts, Whitcehapels, Phaetons, Gigs, &c., on the shortest notice. G 9409 c AT HORNER'S Livery Stables, near Town Halhnrst-dass Cabs, Open and Closed Carriages, Ladies' ana Gcntlemen'g Saddle Horses, Phaetons, Waggonettes, and other vehicles for hire. P COW c jfasfitons. HARROGATE SUMMER FASHIONS. RJ. S ME ETON and CO. have pleasure in announotaBthnttheyaronowshowmgavcrylorgeaniltaiiitilal.. STOCK of the NEWEST PRODUCTIONS for the present season, in PARISIAN and LONDON MILLINERY, MANTLES, JACKETS, SHAWLS, and SILKS, FANCY DRESSES, ITtENCH MUSLINS, FRENjOH PRINTS PABASOk7lACES, RIBANDS, HOSIERY, & TRIMMINGS. They also take this opportunity of informing their patrons that they havo added tho DRESSMAKING DEPARTMENT in all its branches, in the newest desiess for the season, R. J. SMEETON and CO.. WATERLOO HOUSE, REGENT-PARADE, HIGH HARROGATE. V 3973 d SUMMER FASHIONS. " "OREDERIC FORSTER begs to announce his return from JJ the various markets, and that his spacious Show Room is noi? open with-an unusuallylargo and Choice Assortment of the NEWEST STYLES in BONNETS, CAPS, HEAD-DRESSES, and MANTLES, and respectfully invites an early inspection. TttE LEEDS MOURNING WAREHOUSE, 12, BRIGGATE. A 8229c SUMMER FASHIONS in PARISIAN MILLINERY, MRS. BURTON begs most respectfully to announce that her Show-rooms are now replete with on elegant, varied, and choice stoci of FRENCH MILLINERY, consisting of the LATEST FASHIONS in Millinery Bonnets, Hats, Caps, Wreaths, Head-dresses, and Flower! Also every novelty of the season in STRAW GOODS. The show-rooms have been entirely re-decorated for the summer season. Mrs. Burton having experienced straw-workers (from Dunstable) on-the premises can undertake the altering of Straw Hats and Bonnets to present fashions, and make them look equal to new. FUBS cleaned and altered to any style by practical workmen. FEATHERS cleaned, dyed, and curled in a superior manner, and returned in one week. , 83, Briggate, Leeds; and i. St. Nicholas-street, Scarbro', D 8395 BESH NOVELTIES everyday at ROGERS'S Baby Linen, Lace, and Ladies' and Children's General Outnttuig Establishment, 17, Commercial-st., Leeds. Gloves, Hosiery, Crinolines, Corsets, Petticoats, &o. SELECT STYLES at LOW PRICES. SUMMER NOVELTIES CHARLES PULLAN resctfuOy informs the LADIES of LEEDS and the WEST, EAST, and NORTH RIDINGS of YORKSHIRE that his novelties in SHAWLS, MANTLES, and JACKETS are now ready for inspection at THE CENTRAL SHAWL AND MANTLE WAREHOUSE, 33, BRIGGATE, CORNER OF BOAB.-LANE, ' LEEDS. N.B. Waterproof Cloaks all colours. F7091 ARRIS, WILLOWS, and SMITH are showing French and English MILLINERY, Silks, Mantles, and Jackets ; also their New Stock of SUMMER GOODS, in all departments. SEWING MACHINES. GKOVER and BAKER'S celebrated DOUBLE LOCK-STITCH MACHINES. 24 and 25, WHITEFRIARGATE, HULL. F 8215c HonSon IBooI alS. At the Wool Sale Rooms, Moorgate-street, at four o'clock precisely, on Saturday, 12(i, Friday, Villi May, and Tuesday, Wlh June, About 10,000 Bales Queensland, Sydney, Port Philip, Van Diemcn i Land, Adelaide, New Zealand, Swan River, and Capo of Good Hope WOOL, including several approved marks. For catalogues aDd further particulars apply to HAZARD and CALDECOTT, Wool Brokers, 70, Basinghall-street. G8W3 At the Wool Sale Rooms, 2, Moorgate-strect-buildings, on filter!.-, 19th, and Wednesday, 30(A May, Monday, Uth, anil Tuesday, IMS June, WOOL about 1,000 Bales Port Philip, including, Vjr J Oddy. Mt Fyans, TFC, GS in a square. Bi L, Yallum, Warbreecan. TallSLk)81-'1-Glonfyne, McColl, Mortat. Elderslie, Congbool, JB in a circle. JSW Bon, CSM, W & McB, NP, Cm. Wo?llendool,i&c! 5,500 Adelaide, including Browne, QAA, M?f?ambier) Hummocks, sH, WLM, FB, Narracoorta "SiT I Murray, D & Co, Ker, BB, Talia, &c. 2,500 Cape, including AAA, Ooega, (iBin atriangle,(UU(;t L00 Sydney, including ) AML" About 13,000 Bales. m , Particulars in due course of HELMUTH SCHWARTZE, Broker, 3, Moorgate-street-huildincs. G 8560 At the Wool Sale Rooms, Moorgate-street, on Tuesday, the Tioeitj-A7nf7i May, 1S0C, About 2,000 Bales Australian and Cape of Good Hope WOOLS. Catalogues in due timo by HALL -and WEBSTER, Brokers, 2$, King's Arms Yard, B.C. G SS72 3. T. SIMES and CO. will Sell on May Uth; Juneiin, Ath,aml 1M, About 12,000 Bales Australian, &., including several well-known and esteemed marks. Catalogues and further particulars in due timo on application at A Coleman-street, London, E.C. G 8593 At tho Wool Sale Rooms, 55a, Moorgate-street, London, on Thumlay, Seventh J line, Abont 7,000 Bales Port Philip and Adelaide, &c. Comprising Borne of tho most approved Hocks. For catalogues and farther particulars apply to WILLANh, O vtif BURY, and CO. , 78, Basinghall-street, London, E.C. 85a EST YORKSHIRE SALE ROOMS, Church- Kfropt riewshnrv. Messrs. R. R. NELSON and SMITH have tho honour to.annonrovi that their nuxt Public WOOL SALE will take place on n "" f' tlie nth June, and for which valuable consignments are auwu received. . Tinml 3 Consignments will be received up to Saturday, June iith. 1 1""'" DONCASTER WOOL MARKETS. The Doncaster. WOOL MARKETS or FAIRS will commence on Sarowar. tho 2nd of June, I860, and will bo continued every Saturday until u" August Fair day. . ., -rs-ref: Thero will also be TWO MARKETS or FAIRS held on ho'-Saturday in September and the First Saturday in October. " IfjQtfljp &c. Sales. Bale Rooms, Bradford-road, Dewsbnry. On Monday, Twenty-eighth, May, MX, nonrVTYV ERY Large Consignments of RAGS, SHULyjii WOOL, and WASTE, will lie offered for Sale. MUNGO RAGS, at 10.30 a.m. fcHODDY and SOFT RAGS, at 1.30 p.m. , T, vOTwrnnii A ,1 nnnneex. . . Clieapside Sale Rooms, Bailey. On ilfa.o, the First of June, 1806, at two p.m.. (gHODDY, MUNGO, VVUUL,, anu THOMAS nnOTH, Auctioneer. GjW. "" Solo Booms, South-street. Dewsbnry. On Wednesday, May Thirtieth, im. m n 1, rn T? A f, S , nt 9.15 a.n)' mttkoo RAGS, at 10.30 a.m. MUNGO, at 1.15 P.m. West Yorkshire Sale Rooms, Charcot, Dewsbnry. On Wednesday, Mag 'Ilurtietn. otrnnm', 'tdav. Mug Tlurti j WASTE, and RAGS, eleven a.m. R NELSON and SMITH, Brokers and Auetioneei f ro&uce Sbnles. On W.dnesday; the 13th June next, at twelve o'clock, at tho Vt0 y, Liverpool, , . -l Chests good Bengal 1-MJluu, jusi McSS Thomas and John Brocklebank, Merchants, id 1 H. UTTLEDALE and Co., Brokers, Liverpool, ij T. and HecdbsU too Half tor lassfficntion. QVI5BAlfK0OdP iS tloeogeSowson, Painter, fee, 26, Meadjrooj; , errtJ- ApfytoajnaStalewortb; G -TTTANTED, a Woman Cook, Under r5AHSdrSS! W Billiard Marker, and aKitthen Maid. ff',JU0X M FioaW New Bridlington Quay. Address Mr. Edwin Taylor. -J 1T order, for SALE, or Exchange 1 &cijuiivw.

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