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The Pharos-Tribune Editorial Comment. . S, Driver Licensing The United States Government is, moving toward federal licensing of "automobile drivers, a "federal encroachment" which is inevitable un' less the states initiate a coordinated , movement which demonstrates a real ;.concern over traffic losses, Gov. Paul '. Fannin, Republican of Arizona, warn- led-his fellow Western Governors at • their annual conference in Anchorage, •^Alaska. i'.; In support of his belief, Farmin... ; ;pointed to the major reorganization of xthe Bureau of Public Roads and a ^statement by Secretary of Commerce :.;Luther H. Hodges last December. He. ;; : said, "Useless, waste of /human life \ and economic resources could be' •ipurbed only through an energetic pro- , .';gram of national scope at the Federal ;>level." Through the appointment of ••four Cabinet members to the Presi- ' I.dent's Committee for'Traffic Safety, :;Fannin saw the Federal Government ;;as already moving into the nation's ^.traffic safety program. , '•'.• Fannin was trying to arouse his fellow Governors to take action to 'better traffic safety records. If they ido not, Federal traffic control would ;be justified to cut down useless /deaths and property damage. THE. LASS WHO LOVED A SAILOR Land of Home Owners . '• Owning your own home is, still a. .prime American ambition. In -the, > pountry as a whole, more than 3 in 5, '. or 32,796,720 own their own homes as . /against 20,227.155 who rent. These ; figures were reported from the' Cens-' • us Bureau's 1960 Housing count. ' We speak of a mobile nation, on' : the move following job opportunities" ; or moving to a sunnier climate to -spend the last years of life in retire', ment. But the figures show that. the ' I -majority put down roots in and "be-' ; come permanent members of their • 'communities. Some who own their ! homes do leave for other jobs, or are : .transferred, but they often keep their ; homes and return to them when their 'assignments are finished. '. Owning a home is -the American ;.way of "belonging".. It is ,a prime ; means of the happiness. arid permanence of family life.' Seven-Man Court ••;; The continued convalescence , .of : Justice Felix Frankfurter and the fact ; that the newest.member of the Su; preme Court, Justice Byron R. White, • had not heard some sixty cases that ::have been argued and await decision, ;: means that most of them will be de; cided by a seven-man court. • . • In turn, that map mean some re:. luctance on the part of the court 'to i.'take a major'constitutional step'with, ;;only seven justices sitting. A case in, •< point was decided last week. The '.i question was whether the Constitution !'requires the states to assign counsel ;;to impoverished defendants in all "criminal cases. The landmark decision !'• on the question, rendered in 1942, held ;:that the states were required to assign i; counsel only in capital crimes. '•'•': The seven-man court unanimously "ruled that Florida should have assign;! ied counsel in a case that was not a -capital one, but it refrained from rul- "iing on the broader issue. Four mem- ' tiers indicated they would have held ".that in all criminal cases, the states "must assign counsel where the defend•<ant cannot; hire- one. States should li'.take warning., When the full court "•sits, they -may find they will be faced "•with this new legal burden-. In the Past • One Year Ago 1: ' Bridge collapses . . . Heavy truck buckles • .75 foot iron bridge at Galveston '. . . Estimate i .damage at 815,000. ''•• Roof caves in on obedient Rochester boy .... ' 'Terry Partridge wouldn't leave his seat as his '"-teacher had told him not to as others wanted to • 'see what she had in a package . . . Result . Ceiling plaster fell on Terry's head while attending Bible school in.-the Methodist church • -building. ' , .. , . The weather: Scattered thundershowers to- ;',nite ... Low 58-62. Ten Years Ago 2000 attend Logapsport high school com: mencement . . . 190 receive diplomas. •'; St. Joseph parish to honor sisters . .... ' -Solemn high -mass. and public reception will omark diamond jubilee celebration. Paving plans slowed by steady rams . . . • ^Remaining streets in last year's program were '. io be the first to be paved in Logansport. Twenty Years Ago ' '• Mrs. Sarah Chapin, rural route 1, Logans•.;port, was to observe her 102nd birthday anni- ' 'versary on June 5. • Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Lung of Cutler were to ; -observe their 51st wedding anniversary.. -; M. M. Popejoy was named president of Lo; 'gansport Townsend Club No. 1. Fifty Years Ago George Kistler of Royal Center was in Indianapolis attending the prohibitionist convention. College Hill was to be given a coat of oil to keep down -the dust this summer. - Meat prices advanced to the highest they .'fcave been since the Civil-War.-. WALTER WINCH ELL Broadway and Elsewhere It is the duty of reporters to investigate brawls, and the Brawl of the Year is the U. S, Government versus U. S. Steel !'. . Well, from a newsman's standpoint, the truth is not only the facts; it's the story behind the facts . . . In covering the story this reporter made a discovery: Wall Street speaks its own language in balance sheets and figures. The trouble is that we common people don't understand their language. American companies give the facts-in-numbers, ..which, they; understand, but the.real story .be-,, hind,the facts they do not tell... That's a reporter's job. To translate into understandable American language what goes, on in America .... A sharp skepticism is as necessary to a reporter as a sharp pencil . . . Before you write . the answers, you .have lo ask Ihe questions. that 200,000 American families earn their living by working for U, S. Steel—and not only that— they pay taxes to the U. S. Government out of their earnings. . . So the U. S, Government really gets quite a nice profit out of. the fact that 200,000 Americans go to work every morning for the company. Furthermore, the U.S. Government doesn't have to invest a penny to get its cut out of the workers' pay. The company even collects it for them ... All the U. S. Gov't had lo do to get all this done for it was pass a law. The first question is: Just how big is Big Steel? ... Well, it does about three'and a third billion dollars worth of business a year . . . Naturally the next question is, how big is the United. States Government? The United States Government does 90 billions a year, about 30 times greater! ... . Can you imagine a heavyweight fight at Madison Square Garden where one man was thirty times larger than his opponent? Well, that's the comparative size of Big Government versus Big Steel. . . . . So the Government's got a pretty gpod deal for itself right there . . . But that's not all. You can imagine how much it would cost the government if (instead of getting a cut of the payroll) these 20l>,000 families were on relief . . . Speaking further o! public interest, these families consist of human beings. The average American family wage-earner supports roughly three kids. Well, the rule works both ways . . . Sure Big Steel is a matter of public interest. So much a matter of public interest, in fact, that out of its sales 600,000 American kids are being educated . . . Furthermore, the average family spends about $1500 a year for food alone. That means the American fprmers are getting about 300 million a year because a steelworker, his wife and kids have to eat. And how sure is the U. S. Government of its 90 billion? As sure of it as the fact that you'll go -to jail if you don't pay your taxes ... If it runs in the red ink, all it has to do is pass a law and we make it up ... The taxpayers may go broke but the U. S. Govf ernment can't. The President has pointed out that the price of steel is a matter of public interest . . . Well, how much does it affect public interest? What happens to the 3 1/3 'bllion U. S. Steel sells every year? .And how much does 'it keep? .. . . Well, just under half, of that goes to paying it's employees. That certainly docs. af- . feet public interest ... It means That's not all. "Big Steel" isn't . so big that it can make everything it needs. It has to go out in the open market and buy a lot of things every - year: In fact about a billion dollars worth .... Well, obviously, a lot • o£ dlher .people earn their living working to supply these needs. That means a lot of small business and a lot' of working people are as dependent on the business of U.S. Steel as the company itself ... The Government plays no favorites in, this. Impartially, it taxes these people, too ... It certainly ap-, pears, so far, that of all the business involved, the Government is in the best business of all ... No investment, no work and a sure return on pain of Atlanta LAFF-A-D&Y On the Lighter Side . . By DICK WEST WASHINGTON (UPI) - Baseball may be hard pressed this year to retain its ranking as the national pastime. , • At the moment it appears that America's most popular diversion is to choose up sides and investigate Billie Sol Estes. Exact figures on the number ci£ persons engaged in this pursuit are not available. But, as Rep., L. H. Fountain points out, the total is considerable and seems to be growing. He noted that the roster currently includes at least 76 FBI agents and more than 30 Senate investigators, plus an undetermined number of gumshoes representing the Agriculture Department, the attorney general of Texas, the Internal Revenue Service and pri- ' vate creditors. Enlarges Staff The North Carolina Demdcrat added that his own government operations subcommittee has enlarged lis staff for hearings on the Estes case, which got started Monday. Furthermore, the way Ms phone has been ringing' indicates there must be two or three hundred reporters looking into the matter,, he said. » "Before it is all over, I think Mr. Estes is likely lo find a place in history as one of the most—ili not 1 the most—thoroughly investigated individuals of all time," Fountain commented. Strictly as a-.spectator, I took in the opening session of the House subcommittee's inquiry, a large part of which was devoted to interparty batting practice. Fountain, who has'-'a way'with words, promised that the Democratic-controlled group would . "leave no stone unturned" and would "let the chips fall where they may." Bats For GOP . Reip. Florence P. Dwyer of New Jersey, ranking Republican mem-, foer, then read a 'statement saying she was confident the investigation would proceed in a bi-partisan manner. •• Her confidence-presumably was bolstered by ; the fact that she managed, to;iget a GOP lawyer assigned to the staff for the duration of the dnquiry". Demonstrating bipartisanship, Mrs. Dwyer praised the chairman 'for being so • quick to act on her suggestion .that ; the inquiry be undertaken. 1 In response, Fountain politdy, declined to take credit 'for that, saying h'e was already in action ibefore she made the suggestion. It remains to be seen where the; ' chips will fall, but the first witness certainly showed a strong aversion to 'being hit by turning stones. Asked if he had ever, met Estes Reviews Of TV Shows Thursday Evening, May 31,1962. By RICK DU BROW United Press International HOLLYWOOD (DPI) - I always kind of suspected that women's strongest emotions were reserved for money, but I. never- realized just how much until I tuned in CBS-TV's special ' Wednesday night about the stock market crisis. A man who ought to know, a vice president of the brokerage firm of Merrill,. Lynch, Pierce, 'Fenner;,and iSmith, said without -hesitancy that women were the overwhelming leaders 'ot the hysterical selling spree which drove the market down — at least,' where he worked. 1 Furthermore, he said, they contributed -little to the' buying turnabout, which../h e Ip e' d stabilize .things and restore hope. This was only one of many human aspects, which, combined with narrator Douglas Edwards' clarity of approach* made the program — "The Ups and Downs of Wall Street" — a polished arid packed half-hour despite the obvious deadline pressure. OBS took its cameras into the New York Stock Exchange to capture the exhilaration of Uhe cheer from, the floor during Tuesday's upward trend; the drama of a transaction from investor to clerk to broker; and the humor of a. mock baseball game in (he paper- strewn finance center at the end of a rough day. There was also an admirable impartiality' as the cameras showed how the competitive medium of newspapers sold like hot- cakes during the crisis; and in an interview with a lady who said she reads her paper when she wants to find out what's going on rather than, as she put it, listening to those excited fellows who broadcast. The various ordinary citizens and slock experts checked across the nation were explicit and gave the program a kaleidoscopic effect despite its brevity. One brokerage leader explained clearly how "bargain hunting" by big institutions helped spur the recovery. Edwards tersely outlined some oi the "whys'" for the crisis: The market 'being too high, the' steel controversy, the panic selling, margin calls and sudden wiflidrawls by foreign investors. One small investor came across with the frustration that many viewers must have felt: To save what he could, he sold during the panic and lost out; no one told you anything, he said; and, he added, the more you study the market, it seems the less you know. v It was good television, right up to today, the sort of thing video was made for. It even showed President Kennedy wearing a striped shirt with a striped suit. Even a stranger could tell he's a Democrat. The Channel Swim: Hal March, star of the Broadway play "Come BJow'Ypur Horn," hosts NBC-TV's "Tonight" show the week of : Aug. 27. ABC-TV's "Wide World of Sports" plans' to cover the British Open golf tournament July 15 ... Edward R. Murrow guests on OBS-TV's "Washington Conversation" Sunday. June AMyson plans to sing and dance with husband Dick Powell on one of his NBC-TV weekly shows around Christmas ... A'BC-TV will offer the College.All Stars-Green B ; ay Packers football game Aug. '3, SURROUND STATUE VIENNA (UPI) - The Vienna . newspaper Videnske Svobodne Listy said Wednesday the Stalin monument in" Prague 'has. been •' surrounded by scaffolding for the past fe'w days., , The anti-Communist. Czech^ newspaper based its report on in-" tcrviews with travelers from the Czech capital. Last January the Czech Communist party appointed, a .^commission "to study the future use of the square where the Stalin monument is standing." WYLER VISITS RUSSIA • MOSCOW (UPI) - American motion picture director William Wyler arrived in Moscow Wednesday for a 10-day visit at "the invitation of the Soviet Film' Makers, Union, according, to the Russian news agency Tass. Tass called Wyly one of the best-known U. S. directors in the Soviet Union 'because, of his work on "The Little Foxes" and "Roman Holiday." personally, he replied: "I have not, thank the lord.". e KlBi FuMm Bjndlwl*. Ina, IMS. WorW riihu (wmd. 5-31 "I'm afraid I've got bad news for you this year, WiUaa." PHAROS-TRIBUNE Dally (except Saturday* and Holiday*) 40a per week dally anil •nnday by carrier, 920.80 per year in tbe city ot Kjoa-aBUiport 40o per week by carrier outside of Loganinort, By ma,II OB rural rontea In Can, Carroll, White, Pnlaakl, IPnlton nnd Miami oonatlen, fi:.00 per yeari outride tradinc area and within Indiana, f 14.00 per yean ontilde lodlaan, (1S.OO per year; Ul mall unbicrlptlona payabla In advance. No mall mbaorlptloaa aold wbere carrier eerrlee la malnn mined. Pharon eitablkbed ^gSSSfjGfc^,^ •••Ve»»— Reporter eetabtliraed Jonrnal «»tnbU«ae« ^XiiSai*^ —-^f&O^-^ Tribune entabUahea , 184* . 1M 114 1»«T Pnbllnhcd dally except Saturday and Boll«ay» by Fharo*-Trlbnn« Co., Inc. KIT Ba»t Broadway, LogaiMport, Indiana. EJntered an iveeonil rla» matter at the poat office at Loeitm.port, Ind., nnder the act at March S. inn. . ' : . MHIIBEBl AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIOJCa r/KITBD FKE»« IKTBrHf ATIONAI, DREW PEARSON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON-President Kennedy has decided to appoint Robert C. Weaver, administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, as the first Negro member of the Cabinet in history. The appointment will celebrate the 100th anniversary of (he ending of slavery in the United Slates. Weaver's name will be s<ent to the Senate, according to present plans, on the same day Abraham Ribicoff tenders his resignation as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to_ run for the Senate in Connectfcut. 1 Weaver, who is 55 years old and a Harvard graduate, has spent most of his life in government service, beginning under Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes as 'adviser .on Negro affairs. He served under Roosevelt as special assistant on housing, and held various wartime posts with the War Production Board and Office of Production Management. His most important work prior to joining the Kennedy administration was' as Deputy Housing Commissioner of New York Stale and Rent Administrator for New York. , . President Kennedy is' liming Weaver's appointment to precede the one hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, signed by Abraham Lincoln, Jan. 1, 18G3. Negro Achievements While the appointment of the first Negro Cabinet member will rank as the most important political achievement of the Negro race to date, there have been other notable achievements in the period since Emancipation, many of them ignored or forgotten. The first American doctor to perform a heart operation was Daniel ,HaIe Williams of Chicago, a charier member of the College of Surgeons. It was in 1893 that the Medical Journal gave Dr. Williams international renown by recounting that he had successfully operated on the human heart, previously regarded as inaccessible to a surgeon's blade. The inventor of the stop light which regulates traffic in hundreds of American cities is a Negro, Garrett Augustis Morgan of Cleveland. Morgan also invented a gas mask for smoke pro- lection which saved the lives of a group of men working below the bottom of Lake Erie on July 26, 1916. Jan Ernest Matzelinger, a Negro living in Lynn, Mass., invented the first machine for sewing the soles of shoes to uppers, a patent which revolutionized the shoe industry and reduced the cost of making shoes about 50 per cent. Granville T. Woods of Cincinnati; another Negro inventor, and one of the greatest in American history, masterminded some of the key patents used on eleclri- cal railroads, air brakes, and electrical control. He also patented an incubator and various amusement machines. J. H; and S. L. Dickinson of New Jersey hold a dozen patents for mechanical appliances used in player pianos. C. V. Richey of Washington, D. C., invented devices for registering telephone calls. William Douglass of' Arkansas secured six patents on harvesting machines. Recently, two Negro judges, William Hastie of Philadelphia and Thurgood Marshall of New York, have been appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, and a Negro, George Weaver, is now serving as assistant Secretary of Labor in Ihe Kennedy administration. Lamlon Advises Alf Landon, his face still as frank and open as the sunflower which became the symbol of his 1936 campaign for President, gave some blunt advice the other day to 20 Republican congressmen who went into a political huddle with him. He also gave some separate advice to President Kennedy. "It was great foolishness," he said in his flat, midwestern twang, "for the Republican party to tie iiself to the Right-To-Work Bill in 1958. It cost us 18 senators, and we are still suffering from .an anti-labor image. "The Republican party's great mistake," he added, "was that it took its cue from the NAM (National Association of Manufacturers) instead of the free-enterprise system. "The NAM," he declared ring- ingiy, "doesn't sland for free enterprise or freedom. The Republican party should be the party of free enterprise. It shouldn't tie itself to the NAM." The 193S GOP Presidential candidate, who made one of his rare trips out of Kansas to confer with President Kennedy about reciprocal trade, warned the Republican congressmen that the party's political fortunes depended upon their voting record. He blamed his own defeat in 1936 upon the party's negative record in Congress during the 1932-36 period. "A candidate," he said, "is tied to the record his party makes in the Congress during the preceding four years." He also contended that the Republican party didn't get its anti- labor image from battling for lha Taft-Hartley labor reforms. Responsible labor leaders, he suggested, privately wanted Ihe Taft- Harlley law just as responsibla businessmen wanted the Securities and Exchange Commission to police business' abuses. Jt was the GOP stand on right- to-work, he said,, that got Ilia party into trouble with the workingmen. He charged that the Right-To-Work Bill was "a delib- erale altempt to hobble labor." Note—Landon also had soms advice for President Kennedy during their private White House conference. He warned that Kennedy, by stepping into,Ihe middle between labor and management, would find himself the umpire in all big labor dispules. "And everyone wants to kill Hie umpire," grinned Landon. AJmanac By United Press International Today is Thursday, May 31, toe 151st day of the year with 214 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning stars are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1902, the Boer,War ended as Great Britain and the South Africans signed a treaty of peace. In 1907, a flotilla of "taximeter cabs" imported from Paris, arrived ' in New York, the first "taxis" to be seen in an American city. In 1913, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan declared the' 17th Conslitutonail Amendment in effect. It provided for popular election of U.S. senators. In 1951, Radio Moscow claimed that television was first invented by a Russian in 1907. Public Forum The Pharos-Tribune invites 'views of its rcauOx's. Each letter should not exceed 300 words and must be signed by the writer with address. A request to use initials, and not the full name, will not be honored. Address letters to: Public Forum, Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Ind. HUBERT © Kinir Features Syndicate, Inc., 1962. World rights rcscrv "Mother's found a new way of serving baked potatoes."