Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on August 21, 1958 · 1
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 1

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Thursday, August 21, 1958
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1 1 J" its' I Id in rr n II i i I i' 00 THE WORLD'S NEWSPAPER N x 1 18 i I V ! ; ; i fi. Ii1 r J i. THE AMERICAN PAPER FOR AMERICANS YOLUME CXVII If. So HINTS TROOPS; s linn nr nw.jDraft d Platl WILL Lit U5tU TO BACK LAW Holds Views Same as Year Ago ASK COURT DELAY Little Rock school board asks federal court delay on integration at Central High school. Story on page 5. BY LAURENCE RURD Chicago Tribune Press Service Washington, Aug. 20 Presi- dent Eisenhower said Wednes. day that the federal government will act to enforce I IE -I President Eisenhower in serious mood at press conference Wednesday. ap Wirepnotoi court-ordered school integration programs this fall if state officials seek to thwart them. The President's statement, which he read at a press conference, opened the possibility that he might again use federal troops to. enforce racial desegregation-in public schools if he believes any state officials are defying court orders to integrate. Acted Year Ago Last September Mr. Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock, Ark., to enforce integration at the city's Central High school. He took the step after he decided that Gov. Orval Faubus was using his powers to obstruct, rather Continued on page 6, sol. 1 Australian Aborigine Loses Fight to Live with Whites SYDNEY, Australia, Aug.j 20 Reuters An aborigine lost a fight Wednesday to move with his wife and four children from a shack in the swamps to a white community. . j The plight of Gregg Davis, a sawmill worker, has attracted nation-wide attention. It is referred to by his supporters as Australia's "Little Rock" case. White residents of Little Rock, Ark., have fought the introduction of Negro students into their high school. , Protest to County Twenty - six , residents of Nambucca Heads, a coast resort town in New South Wales, signed a petition Monday to protest against the sale of a house in their town to the aborigine! One of the petitioners bought the house Wednesday. The petition, forwarded to the county government, asserted the sale of the house to an aborigine would .. damage tourist trade and lower land values. ' . " . - Mrs. Faith B a d 1 e r, vice president of the Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship, said the petitioners were " acting like the people of Little Rock." She said their action NO. 200 TRIBUXE to .Enforce Integration: Ike for Mid-East BY WILLIAM FULTON Chicago Tribune I'rtl) Strike New York, Aug. 20 Ten Arab states, including Lebanon and Jordan, reached unanimous agreement Wednes day afternoon at the United Nations on a formula for stabilizing the middle east. U. N. Secretary General Dag Ham-marskjold would be given a major role. A resolution, agreed on in a secret Arab caucus, mentions no specific deadline for Anglo-American troop evacuation from the trouble areas. Left to Hammarskjold As outlined by a high source, the current 81-mem-ber emergency session of the general assembly would ask Hammarskjold to facilitate the withdrawals, bearing in mind U. N. safeguards against one country's use of subversion and infiltration against an other Hammarskjold would be re quested to make the "neces sary arrangements to make possible early withdrawal of foreign troops," this authoritative source stated. Dulles to Washington Secretary of State John Foster Dulles flew to Washington to consult with President Eisenhower on the plan. At first blush western sources were inclined to agree with the idea, making the proviso they would be opposed if " weasel words " were added. The Russian delegation, which has been demanding immediate troop withdrawals, was deemed certain to go along with the scheme, particularly since it had been approved by its middle eastern partner the United Arab republic of Egypt and Syria. Arab representatives cabled word of the new resolution to their governments back home and awaited instructions, which they hope would arrive by Thursday afternoon. Reference was made in the Continued on page 17, col. 1J was " absolutely shocking and disgusting." Mrs. Badler added: "White people should be educated to realize there is no difference between what a white mother wants for her children and an aboriginal wants for hers." Davis said: "I don't know what the petitioners have against me. My wife was educated at high school with white children and her sister was a trainee nurse at Brisbane hospital with whites." Church leaders in Nambuc ca Heads said they and many other residents in the resort resented the petition. Vow to Move The Davis family vowed they would kep trying to move from their shack in swamp aboriginal reserve. Davis recently was .granted full citizenship rights. All of Australia's aborigines are wards of the government un less they apply for citizenship rights and pass the necessary qualification tests. There are 70,000 full-blood ed and half-caste aborigines in Australia, as against an esti mated 280,000 reported when the white man settled this country in the early 19th century. 1958 BY CHICAGO TRIBUXE SQUARE. CHICAGO 111 J. ILLINOIS COURT FOESI KEEP SENATE BATTLE ALIVE Defeat Move to Table Bill BY WILLARD EDWARDS Chicago Tribune Press Venice) Washington, Aug. 20 Foes of the Supreme court won a yy'n' """tv ctiinnincr Sen ate victory by a vote of 46 to 39 late Wednesday , night. The roll call vote defeated a motion to table a bill sponsored by McClellan D., Mct'lellan John , L. Ark.. The bill provides that the Supreme court may no longer construe, as it has done in the past, any act of Congress to exclude state laws on the same subject unless Congress specifically states such an intention. . ' The action left the measure open to further debate and probable pasage. The Senate voted to adjourn until Thursday noon. . Twenty-seven Republicans and 19 Democrats joined in the majority voje, which was, in effect, a protest against recent court rulings. Fourteen Republicans and 25 Democrats were opposed. Called More Drastic The McClellan measure is more drastic in its impact upon the nation's legal structure than . a previous bill, rejected by a vote of 49 to 41, which gave the high court's supporters a temporary triumph. A bill similar to the Mc Clellan measure was passed by the House July 17 by a 241 to 155 vote. The Senate wrangled for more than 12 hours in a sec ond day of dispute over the Supreme court issue. Tempers flared as Sen. Paul H. Douglas D., 111. proposed to put the Senate on record in favor of the high court's anti-segregation rulings. Parliamentary maneuvers shunted the Douglas proposal temporarily aside but he warned that he would bring up his amendment at a later period. ' Also awaiting a vote was a Continued on page 7, col. 1 THE. WEATHER THCRSDAT. ACGCST 21. 138 CHICAGO AND VICINITY: Chance of a brief shower early Thursday; cooler; high, around 76, cooler near lake; low, in low 60s; north to northeast winds, 10 to 18 m. p. h. Fair and pleasantly cool Friday. ILLINOIS: Showers extreme north Thursday; thundershowers central and south; cooler north 'and central. Friday, fair; cooler extreme couth. , , TEMPERATURES IX CHICAGO . 7 a. 8 a. ..7S t a. M...7H 1W a. B1...83 11a. B1...H.1 Noon H5 1 p.ai...K7 2 p.m.. .88 J a.m .t0 4 . at. ..88 5 a. B1...85 6 p. BI...80 7 p. ni...79 8 p. at. ..7 p. n...73 IQ p. at . .73 II p. Midnight. 7 2 1 a. at. ..72 2 a. n...72 3 a. m.MTI Un .'71 . 3a.ai-.71 6 a. m..71 tHiah. Low. Inofficial. THE MOON fir Oe. f-jW U On. W- Nw Wni SD CB E3 E3 G3 Ayf. 21 Aua. 2 Up. kUpt.l-tlUfA U S.pU4-l POLLEX COCXT For 21 koun ending at 1 p. m. Thursday: 230 granule! per cubic yard of air. Sunrise. :03. Suaset. 7:43. Moonwt, 11:53 p. m. Morning Han: Mars and Venus: Evening Man: Sainra and Jupiter. For 24 noun ended 1 a. at.. Aun. 21: Mean temperature, 81 degrees: normal, 72; Uinta's excess. 31; jtar't deficiency. 175. Precipitation. .36 inch: month's deficiency, .78 inch; year's deficiency. 2.51 inches. Highest wind Telocity, 2(1 m. p. h. Relative humidity, 7 a. nr. 4)0 per cent; 1 p. m., 56: 7 p. m., 77. Barometer, 1 a. m :.8V; 7 p. m., 29.82. tMip and fther rcporta paga 14) LiaO I Sen Sen. GREATEST THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 195S PECULIAR ANIMAL SHOOTS DOWN MANNED PLANE Pilot Fires Missiles 'for Real' in Test (Picture on back page) Grandview, Mo., Aug. 20 Special The air force found out in a hard and dangerous way Wednesday that its inter- A Falcon missile being placed in position. ceptor procedure and equipment for shooting a manned aircraft out of the sky are dependable. . A T-33 jet trainer carrying two air force officers was struck and shot down by a Falcon missile fired from an F-102 fighter-interceptor plane in what was supposed to be a mock interception, complete in all detail except for actual firing. Take to Parachutes The two officers in the jet trainer, Lieutenants John D. Rice and Raymond Zuhars Jr., saved their lives by taking to parachutes after the missile carried away the tail section of their plane. They drifted j down unhurt, except for minor bruises on landing, while the plane crashed and burned on a farm three miles north of Clinton, Mo. Zuhars, 26, is from'Evansville, Ind. Lieut. Ronald Svane, pilot of the F-102, returned to his base at Richards-Gebaur air force base, near Grandview, to report he had no knowledge of how the firing took "place. Examination of his. plane disclosed that three Falcon missiles. had been fired. ,: . Tail Section Hit An air force spokesman said one of the Falcons struck the tail section of the target plane and that the other two had been exploded in the air bv Droximitv f-ises. An ex- tensive investigation of the incident was ordered. Both planes were attached to the air force's 11th fighter mm. fAI 7 i EASIER TO MOUNT Hint U. S.Will Agree to Halt of rthicano Tribune Presa Sen ice Washington, Aug. 20 Reports were current in the capi- tai weane s- day night that Lr the United States has de-c i de d on a temporary suspension of atomic weapon tests in the hope that an international ikiiics agreement for a permanent end of the tests can be achieved. The reports were strengthened by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' sudden return from the United Nations general assembly meeting in New York Wednesday for a 90 minute conference with President Eisenhower. Returns by Plane Dulles returned to New York by plane soon after ward. Informed sources said that an announcement of a tem porary stop by Dulles might strengthen the United States position and be an effective reply to the Russians James C. Hagerty, the Presi dent's press secretary, said in reply to a query that the Presi dent at his press conference earlier Wednesday called the results of the Geneva meeting of scientists studying the prob lem encouraging. While an official report is still being awaited, Hagerty squadron, normally stationed at Duluth, Minn., but temporarily on duty af Richards-Gebaur. The mock interception was carried out under guidance of a ground radar setup which caught the T-33 on its radar screen and guided the F-102 into position where its air borne radar was able to lock onto the target at a distance "of perhaps 40 miles. The Falcon is a guided rocket about five feet long and weighing 100 pounds. Once released it has the ability to seek out its target The firing mechanism " is largely automatic but controlled by safe- guards. SSSSSS one THAN DISMOUNT Atom Tests did not rule out the possibility that it might result in a cessation. Government officials were reluctant to comment publicly, but Rep. Melvin Price D., 111. of the joint congressional atomic energy committee said two or three members of the committee have been predicting a temporary halt of the tests. Sees Announcement Soon Rep. Chet Holifield D., Cal. predicted that an announce ment of the temporary halt would be forthcoming. Sen. Hubert Humphrey D., Minn., chairman of the Senate dis armament subcommittee, said he hopes for a temporary sus pension. The United States, Britain, and Russia were among the nations that sent scientists to the Geneva conference to study the possibilities of halt ing atomic tests. Peels a Mystery Egg! Who Put Philadelphia, Aug. 20 IT) How could a $10 mark be stamped on the white of a newly peeled hard boiled egg? The question arose when 5 year old Susan Sutter sat down to breakfast the other day and spotted the price tag in fairly large size. Susan took the egg to her mother,, who said she hadn't a clew to the mystery. Scientists Take Over i Mrs. "Sutter carried the egg to a veterinarian, Dr. Philip Tubis. Equally in the dark, Dr. Tubis passed the question along to the 95th annual convention of the American Veterinary Medical association. Scientific minds went to work. One scientist in particular, Dr. John E. Martin, a professor of therapeutics at the Univer sity of Pennsylvania veterinary school of medicine, gave it profound thought. He scarcely slept Tuesday night so great was its challenge, he said. ' " , - At breakfast the light dawned on him. Triumphant Founded June 10, 1847- PRICE ft JVid Traffic Rolls on 76 Miles of Tollways BY HAL FOUST (Picture on fcacAt page) Traffic rolled on 76 miles of Illinois tollways Wednes day night. The segment from Mrs. Shirley Stratton, the gov ernor's wife, receiving bouquet from Sharon Klein, Girl Scout from Palatine, at the toll road t TRIBUNE Photol Higgins road and Devon ave nue to near Elgin was opened at 3 p. m. and the section from near Elgin to near Rock- ford and near Beloit was opened at 6 p. m. For payment of about 2 cents a mile, passenger car drivers traveled fast with comfort and safety. East of the Fox river, the speed limit is 65 miles an hour. It's 70 west of the river. Barriers Lifted Barriers were lifted at all entrances and exits of the toll-way after ceremonies at six different locations, starting at noon near O'Hare Internation al airpor and ending in the ening at a dinner in the Forest Hills country club at Rockford. Gov. Stratton, head ing a caravan of 350 cars bearing officials ' and civic leaders, spoke at each of the locations. Most of the cere monies took place in rain storms. N" We are marking an important event in the history of Illinois," Stratton told a gathering of 2,000 persons at the first stop. His audience in eluded the mayors of 10 north west suburbs. Second Section Ready "This toll highway system of 187 miles, all to be finished by Jan. 1, is a remark able achievement in less than Continued on page 2, coL 4 Price Inside? ly, he carried egg and solution before the convention. A Backward Answer This is what he divulged: Calling for a really hard boiled egg, Dr. Martin shelled it. While it was still moist, he pressed it down on a news paper ad with a $10 price in it. He lifted the egg and sure enough there, was the mark It was in reverse printing, but you could hardly tell the difference if you held the egg up side down. Mrs. Sutter said she still couldn't figure it out, and Su san was no help. The convention delegates called Dr. Martin's feat mas terful. How to recognize on epileptic seizure Dr. Van Dellen tells of the four forms of this disease in the editorial page, this issue. SEVEX CEXTS Jun JUDGE PERRY ISSUES WRIT AGAINST UNION New Hearing Set . for Monday A threatened strike on the Chicago & North Western railway which would have forced 42,000 commuters to seek other means of transportation was averted Wednesday afternoon. Judge Joseph Sam Perry issued a tempoiary restraining order in federal District court prohibiting the' Order of Railroad Telegraphers AFL-CIO from carrying out a strike by its 1,600 members at 7 a. m. Thursday which would have brought North Western's trains to a halt in the nine states it serves. Judge Perry continued a hearing on whether the in junction should be made per manent until 11 a. m. Monday. Says Some May Go Out Outside of court, G. E. Leigh ty, president of the union, indicated that it might not be possible to stop the strike in all states. In court, attornejTs for the union told Judge Perry that setting up a multi-state strike involved a lot of time. Atty. Lester Schoene, representing the union, returned to the court after the hearing, however, and told Judge Perry that the union would " comply fully " with the court's order. Judge Perry originally or dered the North Western to post a $25,000 bond for payment of possible damages to the union later in the event he should rule against the rail road in a subsequent hearing. Bond Is Increased Schoene asked that the bond be raised to $50,000 because the, union has between 50 and 60 persons dispersed over a wide area to direct the strike and they cost the union more than $25,000. Judge Perry raised the bond to $50,000. The North Western filed suit for the injunction claiming that the strike would cost it $500,000 a day in lest revenues and would deprive 80,000 persons daily of transportation. The North Western also has exclusive contracts for delivering material for several highway projects, Attorneys Edgar Vanneman and Robert Russell told the court. Schoene argued that issuing the injunction would do irreparable harm to the union and affect its bargaining rights because it would diminish the effect of a strike threat later. Judge Cites 2 Points In issuing the order Judge Perry said that the public had had insufficient notice to find other means of transportation and that the bargaining rights of the union would not be affected. The union first announced its strike plans Tuesday and notified the railroad Wednesday. The strike threat grew out of a union demand for an amendment to its , contract with the North Western providing that no position in existence on Dec. 3, 1957, would be abolished or discontinued except by agreement between the railroad and the union. This the North Western refused to accept Others Absorb Work Recently it received permis sion to discontinue 123 one- man stations in South Dakota and Iowa from the public utilities commissions there. Their work was absorbed jby central agencies. The North Western contended the union demand was

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