Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on November 10, 1989 · 1
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 1

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, November 10, 1989
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ill 1d Year - No . 314 Chicago Tribune 7 Sections ITs t o TTTT T TIT wJliM Wal. ran The Berlin Wall: 1031 -CD Checkpoints FRENCH ZONE' BRITISH ZONE II 4 i Benin APOL Nl-a Wall L C"""Ji I tf B wu . GERMANY fy't Tempelhof 7 i --i V&t Airport WESTEAST Lw U ) SOVIET df Vw IT Vl ZONE j ZONE ...... r Potsdam Chicago Tribune Map ko 1551: An East German border guard, seeking to join his family' in the West, leaps to freedom not long after the Berlin Wall went up with the blessing of then-Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. . iJ rAv- V 1 11 111" I V i i l 1: UPI photo "1971: On the wall's 10th anniversary, tourists in West Berlin photograph crosses erected to remember those killed trying to escape; officials estimate 191 people have died trying to get out. F TIPPET Citizens on both sides dance atop barrier 'Long-awaited day has arrived' By Ray Moseley eicago Tribune BERLIN East Germany on Thursday night opened both the Berlin Wall, the most dramatic and bitter symbol of the Cold War,' and its border with West Germany to all of its citizens for the first time in 28 years. Thousands began streaming across to a delirious welcome in the West. West Berliners, drinking champagne and cheering wildly, greeted the first East Germans to cross at Checkpoint Charlie and other crossing points through the 103-mile-long wall that was built across and around the city in 1961. They hoisted East Germans, including smiling communist border guards, to their shoulders and cheered them repeatedly. They hugged and kissed. They danced on the wall and used hammers and-chisels to break chunks of concrete from it as souvenirs. At Checkpoint Charlie, a crossing normally reserved for foreigners, East German police made no attempt to keep their own people from using it. The West Germans sent special shuttle buses to the other side to collect jubilant East Germans for a trip to Kurfuersten-damm, the glittering street of shops in the heart of West Berlin. "Can you believe this is happening?" exclaimed Angela Eber-tus, an East Berlin clerk, as she and her husband strolled through Checkpoint Charlie early Friday morning. "No," he replied. "No, this must be a dream." The emotional scenes at the checkpoint, where more than 2,000 West Berliners gathered, were repeated at all 12 crossing points in Berlin. Early Friday, huge traffic jams developed in the center of West Berlin as the curious flocked to the wall. Some East Berliners were reported to have climbed over the wall, unhindered by border guards, at the Brandenburg Gate, the heart of Berlin as it existed before 1945. There were similar reports of a human flood through checkpoints all along the East-West German border. "The long-awaited day has arrived," West Berlin Mayor Walter Momper exulted. "The Berlin Wall no longer divides Berliners." In Washington, despite almost universal surprise, the Bush administration didn't want to give anyone the impression it was gloating. "We are handling it in a way where we're not trying to give anybody a hard time. President Bush said as he leaned back in his chair, twirling a pencil in his hand. Bush soberly described the liberalized emigration policy as "a great victory" for democracy but also said he doubted "any single See Germans, pg. 14 Hawks storm back for win The Blackhawks wipe out a 3-0 deficit and top Pittsburgh 4-3 on Steve Larmer's third-period goal.ln Sports. CHICAGO AND VICINITY: Friday: Partly cloudy, chance for morning flurry; high 45 degrees. Friday night: Mostly cloudy; low 35. Saturday: Partly sunny, possible morning shower; highs 50 to 55. The national weather report is in Sec. 2, pg. 9. I News Sec. 1 Art Buchwald 19 Editorials 18 David Evans 19 INC 20 Jeff MacNelly 18 William Pfaff 19 Miks Royko 3 Voice of the people ..18 Chlcagoland Sac. 2 Almanac 10 Obituaries i 10,11 Religion . . . 8 Weather (..9 Business Sec. 3 Business ticker 1 William Qruber 2 George Lazarus 4 Classified ads ara In Sports Sec. 4 Horse racing 10 Bernie Linclcome 1 Steve Nidetz 3 Odds & Ins 10 Scoreboard 10 Barry Temkin 9 Focus 12 Tempo Sec. 5 Bridge 15 Comics 14,15 Crossword puzzle .... 15 Dear Abby 15 Family Doctor ,.9 Rick Kogan 1 Ann Landers 3 Television 12 Tribune books 3 Friday Sec. 7 Section 6. Indiana to toughen waste rules By Casey Bukro Fearing that Indiana is becoming a national dumping ground for solid waste, Gov. Evan Bayh on Thursday ordered a crackdown on rail and truck shipments carrying garbage from out of state. Bayh issued an executive order that overhauls Indiana's waste management program by April, 1991 focusing on the growing tide of waste exported by Northeastern states to the Midwest. "In recent months, the national solid waste crisis has brought new and more serious threats to the well-being of the people of Indiana," Bayh said. "I have directed that our enforcement agencies make sure that every train car and tractor-trailer loaded with trash in Indiana operates legally and has a lawful destination." The governor mandated actir w ay ,' , ' t 1 f ; f X It $ A ' I . ll. . I, t ' if -f -1 ii Reuters photo Young East Germans climb atop the once-feared ; day as they; celebrate the government's an-Berlin -Wall near the Brandenburg Gate early Fri- nouncement opening the borders to the West. w By Charles M. Madigan There is no modern piece of symbolism, no barbed-wire border, no prison cell that carries more powerful meaning than the 103-mile wall that surrounds West Berlin, separating a small island of democracy from the stormy sea of communism around it. It is 13 to IS feet high, made of concrete and topped in some places by razor wire. It has self-firing guns and booby traps, guard towers and spotlights powerful enough to illuminate every inch of the no man's land it circumscribes. At the height of the Cold War, it was the place that produced powerful images of what communism was actually like, from dramatic photos of border guards hurdling barbed wire to cold, black-and-white news pictures of victims sacrificed in a desperate run toward freedom. Since its construction in 1961, the wall has served as the final barricade for as many as 191 people who died trying to escape, according to estimates from West German human rights groups. Its existence was proof that, given the chance to leave, few people would opt for life in a communist world. Getting out was worth risking everything, even life itself. LJLU Agence France-Presse photo West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl says Berlin situation may cut short his visit in Poland. Page 16. Fears dampen hopes of a reunited Germany. Page 14. That free passage would ever be offered through the wall was inconceivable until Thursday. For the people on the inside in West Berlin, the wall serves as a concrete canvas for colorful graffiti acclaiming democracy and freedom, and a constant sign that their city is a Western anachro nism trapped deep in communist East Germany. For the East Germans on the outside, it is an ever-present reminder that when a war ends, the spoils collected by the victors often include the souls of the defeated. More than anything else, geography and timing that placed them behind Soviet lines determined the course of their lives. Although updated and reinforced many times, the Berlin Wall is the product of another' era, when the superpowers were testing their strengths on a playing field still raw from the carnage of World War II. President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev were in a bitter contest of wills in the summer of 1961. Kennedy was frustrated by the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba and felt Khrushchev had upstaged him during meetings in Vienna in June. He left those sessions full of apprehension about the Russians, who were insisting on their right to back "wars of liberation." ; Khrushchev was deeply con cerned about West Germany' growing military and economic power and its alliances with West ern Europe. The ailing East Ger See Wall, pg. 14 : ' I New York to pay for Wall St woes! AP Laeerphoto Indiana Gov. Evan Bayh dis-,. cusses solid waste Thursday. ; by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management, the state police and the state board of health to curb public health and safety risks from garbage shipments. Indiana officials have been jolted in recent weeks by reminders that their state is a target for out-of-state trash. Trucks carrying food to the East Coast return west carrying garbage, posing a health risk. " Only last month, Indiana envi-See Waste, pg. 16 By Pat Widder Chicago Tribune NEW YORK When all the bloodletting is done on Wall Street this year, almost 50,000 fewer people will be gainfully employed in the securities industry than there were at the peak of the roaring '80s bull market. The layoffs these days, two years after the Oct. 19, 1987, crash, are taking on the attributes of Chinese water torture. They just keep coming, a little here, a little there, prompted by the Street's continuing efforts to cut costs in an industry that has never recovered from the crash. This week, Shearson Lehman Hutton Inc. and Drexel Burn-ham Lambert Inc. confirmed they were letting more people go. Observers predict there will Be other cuts in the coming weeks and months. On Thursday, Chemical Banking Corp. signed an option to move at least 3,000 employees to New Jersey. The bank, citing the high cost of New York real estate, said it will keep only a small "flagship") headquarters1 in Manhattan. New York is expected to bear the brunt of the cuts, though the extensive networks of branch offices maintained by big firms have not been exempt. (Illinois, for example, is the headquarters of only about 30 securities firms, See Wall Street, pg. 2 Slate more women, Democrat told By Thomas Hardy Political writer Democratic women turned up the heat on state party leaders Thursday, as comptroller candidate Dawn Clark Netsch and treasurer candidate Peg McDonnell Breslin appeared with 50 members of a Breslin campaign committee to demand endorsements in next year's elections. "Our purpose is to make ev eryone aware that women make eryon up more than 55 percent of the Democratic vote and that Democrats cannot expect to win next November without having more than just one woman on the ticket, Breslin said at a joint news conference. Neither Breslin nor Netsch has the same assurances of virtually uncontested nomination that has been secured by several male colleagues. And it remains uncertain whether the Democratic State Central Committee will formally endorse a slate when it meets Nov. 27, raising the possibility of both women having to slug it out with other candidates in open primary contests. Unrequited loyalty by the party to such a major constituency, the Democratic women predicted, would have the same impact as if blacks were not represented on the ticket. Black voter apathy toward last year's See Democrat pg. 2 is

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